4,370 results match your criteria Superior Vena Cava Syndrome


Cardiac tamponade after superior vena cava stenting.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jun 29;13(6). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

General Medicine, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome results from the blockage of venous blood flow through the SVC, which is caused by either internal obstruction (eg, thrombus) or external compression (eg, thoracic malignancy and infection).1 While thrombus-related SVC syndrome is rising in prevalence, malignancy still accounts for the majority of cases.1 Regardless of cause, SVC syndrome is characterised by facial swelling and plethora, headache and dyspnoea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-234345DOI Listing

Percutaneous Recanalization of Superior Vena Cava Occlusions for Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Implantation - Tools and Techniques.

Heart Rhythm 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2020.06.021DOI Listing

Percutaneous Repair of Raghib Syndrome.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2020.04.057DOI Listing

Superior vena cava syndrome associated with uterine serous carcinoma.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2020 Aug 30;33:100593. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Section of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

•Extensive nodal metastases from uterine serous carcinoma can lead to SVC syndrome.•Prevention of nodal metastases is an important goals of care discussion.•Radiation, steroids and/or chemotherapy must all be considered in this setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gore.2020.100593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7300129PMC

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Induced Collateral Circulation on 99mTc-Macroaggregated Albumin Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy.

Clin Nucl Med 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

From the Departments of Nuclear Medicine.

Perfusion lung scintigraphy using SPECT/CT is one mainstay in diagnosing pulmonary embolism. Although typically almost all tracer will be accumulated in the lung capillaries, occasionally abnormal uptake can be detected. As superior vena cava syndrome leads to aberrant blood flow, tracer injected to an arm vein might partly circumvent the pulmonary capillary bed and accumulate in well-perfused anatomical structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000003127DOI Listing

What lies downstream? A case of superior vena cava syndrome presenting in the dermatology clinic: A case report.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2020 20;8:2050313X20919618. Epub 2020 May 20.

University Hospital of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada.

A 75-year-old female presented with a 1 year history of a firm, diffusely swollen, and erythematous facial plaque. She had preceding unsuccessful investigations and treatment for angioedema. Full-skin examination revealed multiple prominent varicosities on the chest and abdomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X20919618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249544PMC

Diathermy-assisted recanalization of chronic superior vena cava obstruction, case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Aug 7;15(8):1168-1172. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Madinah Cardiac Center, Khaled Bin Waleed Street, PO 6167, Madinah Saudi Arabia.

The number of cases of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) increased due to increased cardiac devices and central venous catheters. Management of benign SVCS is still controversial. A 51-year-old male known to have ischemic cardiomyopathy and chronic renal failure on regular hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283972PMC

Epicardial pacemaker implantation for sick sinus syndrome in a patient with supra vena cava obstructed by a primary cardiac lymphoma.

J Cardiol Cases 2020 Jun 18;21(6):234-237. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) involves the heart and pericardium. Symptoms may vary according to the cardiac site involved. The most frequent cardiac manifestations associated with PCL are pericardial effusion, heart failure, and atrioventricular block. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jccase.2020.03.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283289PMC

[Superior Vena Cava Syndrome].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Jun;47(6):870-874

Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, Okazaki City Hospital.

Superior vena cava(SVC)syndrome is a syndrome caused by impaired venous return due to stenosis of the SVC. Most of such cases are due to tumors(non-small cell lungcancer, small cell lungcancer, malignant lymphoma, etc), and the most common cause of SVC syndrome is lungcancer. Symptoms of SVC syndrome are caused by external compression of the SVC, direct invasion, internal thrombus or embolization. Read More

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Pacemaker Implantation in Patient With Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava and Absent Right Superior Vena Cava.

Cureus 2020 May 5;12(5):e7980. Epub 2020 May 5.

Internal Medicine, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, PAK.

Persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is an asymptomatic congenital heart disease. It is usually found incidentally on imaging, during central line placements or while undergoing electrophysiological procedures. We present a case of a 91-year-old female who initially presented with seizures and was diagnosed with tachy-brady syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7273469PMC

[Mediastinal T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia: clinicopathological and prognostic analyses of 61 cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jun;49(6):601-606

Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of mediastinal T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL/ALL). Sixty-one patients with mediastinal T-LBL/ALL diagnosed at First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 1, 2011 to December 31, 2018 were enrolled. Their clinical, pathological, imaging features and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112151-20190929-00538DOI Listing

Vena cava superior syndrome in the children with mediastinal tumors: Single-center experience.

North Clin Istanb 2020 9;7(3):255-259. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Division of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: Vena cava superior syndrome comprises various symptoms of compression of vena cava superior. The results of increased venous pressure in the upper body may cause edema of the head and neck associated with cyanosis, plethora and distended subcutaneous vessels. Vena cava superior syndrome is rare in childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2019.46354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251265PMC

Double Anomalies: Brugada Syndrome Presenting with a Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava.

Am J Case Rep 2020 May 30;21:e923633. Epub 2020 May 30.

Heart and Vascular Center, Cardiology Department, Mater Private Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

BACKGROUND The presentation of Brugada syndrome (BrS) with a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is expected to be a rare entity. It is unknown if this venous anomaly is linked to the arrhythmogenesis seen in BrS, or it is coincidental. This case describes a clinical presentation of the 2, in tandem, and displays the anomaly in association with BrS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.923633DOI Listing

Living-donor liver transplantation for Abernethy malformation - case report and review of literature.

Authors:
Hoang Duc Nam

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2020 May;24(2):203-208

HBP-Liver Transplant Center, Vinmec Times City International Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Abernethy malformation was named for the rare congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV), also known as congenital extrahepatic portal-systemic shunts (CEPS). This could be classified as complete (type 1) or incomplete shunt (type 2) according to Morgan-Superina classification. Its presentation may show under variable signs and symptoms such as hepatopulmonary syndrome, hyper-ammonia, hepatic masses and liver failure…. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2020.24.2.203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271108PMC

A retrospective stenting study on superior vena cava syndrome caused by lung cancer.

Thorac Cancer 2020 Jul 21;11(7):1835-1839. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Lung Cancer Surgery, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Lung Cancer Metastasis and Tumor Microenvironment, Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a common condition predominantly caused by lung cancer. The presence of symptoms of SVCS, such as elevated intracranial pressure and laryngeal edema, indicates an unfavorable prognosis for lung cancer patients. Superior vena cava (SVC) stenting is the first-line treatment for SVCS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13461DOI Listing

Drug Thrombus Resulting in Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: A Case Report.

J Crit Care Med (Targu Mures) 2020 Apr 6;6(2):115-119. Epub 2020 May 6.

Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, Belgium.

Introduction: Superior vena cava syndrome is one of the more serious complications of central venous catheter insertion. Drug interactions of administered drugs used in association with these catheters can lead to formation of precipitations and consequently thrombus formation. These interactions can be either anion-cation or acid-base based and more commonly present in clinical practice than expected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jccm-2020-0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216030PMC

Efficacy of endovascular Z-configuration stenting for malignant versus nonmalignant caval obstruction.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with symptom resolution after endovascular stenting for superior or inferior vena cava syndrome.

Methods: Eighty-six consecutive vena cava Z-configuration stent placements in 82 patients (53 ± 14 years old) at a single institution were reviewed for patient demographics, comorbidities, and durability of stent patency (also evaluated were persistent or recurrent symptoms, stent occlusion, and need for repeated stenting). Logistic regression was used to identify independent factors associated with stent patency, and Φ coefficients and analysis of variance were used to compare cases subdivided by lesion location (superior vena cava, inferior vena cava) and the presence or absence of malignant disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.02.022DOI Listing

Catheter-Based Therapies and Other Management Strategies for Deep Vein Thrombosis and Post-Thrombotic Syndrome.

J Clin Med 2020 May 12;9(5). Epub 2020 May 12.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO63110, USA.

Acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) causes substantial short-term and long-term patient morbidity. Medical, lifestyle, and compressive therapies have been investigated for the prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) and recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, patient-centered outcomes such as resolution of presenting DVT symptoms and late occurrence of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) have not been prioritized to the same degree. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290684PMC

Surgical management of catheter-related right atrial thrombus with superior vena cava syndrome A Case Report.

J Card Surg 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

There are no consensus guidelines on the management of catheter-related right atrial thrombus. We present the case of a 29-year-old female with end-stage renal disease who was found to have a large right atrial thrombus associated with her tunneled dialysis catheter during preoperative workup for renal transplant. She exhibited signs and symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome and NYHA class III congestive heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14613DOI Listing

Transcatheter biventricular conversion in an adult patient with a 1.5 ventricle Glenn palliation and superior vena cava syndrome.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Covered stents have a continually expanding spectrum of applications for patients with congenital heart disease. Here we report use of covered stents to successfully perform a first-in-human percutaneous biventricular conversion of a 1.5 ventricle Glenn palliation in an adult born with pulmonary atresia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28920DOI Listing

Early Outcomes for In-situ Pericardial Roll Repair for Distant Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital and Heart Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Repair of anomalous pulmonary venous return (APVR) when veins are remote from the left atrium (LA) is challenging, and may eventuate in a higher prevalence of pulmonary vein stenosis, superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis, or intracardiac baffle obstruction. We describe our experience in 6 patients with a technique, utilizing both anterior and posterior in-situ pericardial roll repairs, that reduce these complications.

Methods: Six patients underwent in-situ pericardial roll repair of (APVR) at Cleveland Clinic between 2018-2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.03.063DOI Listing

Superior vena cava obstruction and mediastinal mass detected by point-of-care ultrasonography.

J Clin Ultrasound 2020 Apr 25. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Pathology, Hospital "Dr. Emilio Ferreyra", Necochea, Argentina.

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) often relates to malignant causes such as lung tumors, metastatic cancer, or lymphomas. While the diagnosis relies nowadays on the use of contrast-enhanced thoracic computed tomography, ultrasonography may have an important value as a first-line imaging technique, particularly when used in point-of-care office-based settings. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old male presenting with SVCS in whom ultrasound contributed to diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22847DOI Listing

Occult Thyroid Carcinoma without Malignant Thyroid Gland Findings during Preoperative Examination: Report of Three Cases.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2020 10;2020:4249067. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Surgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Occult thyroid carcinoma preceded by clinical manifestations and findings from extrathyroidal tumors is rare. The lack of malignant findings in the thyroid during the preoperative examination makes diagnosis difficult. We encountered a 71-year-old man with a primary ectopic thyroid carcinoma causing superior vena cava syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4249067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171659PMC

Management of Urgent Medical Conditions at the End of Life.

Med Clin North Am 2020 May 14;104(3):525-538. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Division of Palliative Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/ctsinclair.

Medical emergencies at the end of life require recognition of patients at risk, so that a comprehensive assessment and plan of care can be put in place. Frequently, the interventions depend on the patient's underlying prognosis, location of care, and goals of care. The mere presence of a medical emergency often rapidly changes an estimated prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2019.12.006DOI Listing

Thymoma Causing Bilateral Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis.

Respir Med Case Rep 2020 3;30:101049. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

UIW School of Osteopathic Medicine, Laredo Medical Center, Laredo, TX, 78044, USA.

A 38-year-old African American male presented with progressive pain, swelling, numbness, and warmth of the left upper extremity ten days before admission. A chest computerized tomography scan showed a large 8.3 cm × 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2020.101049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152697PMC

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome With Laryngeal Edema Mimicking Drug-Induced Angioedema: Implications for Otolaryngology.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 Apr 15:145561320920745. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320920745DOI Listing

Narrow Escape: A Novel Approach to the Endovascular Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Secondary to Pacemaker Leads with Excellent Long-term Outcomes.

Cureus 2020 Mar 12;12(3):e7249. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Cardiology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Pacemaker or defibrillator placement is a common procedure done in more and more patients due to increased longevity and the prominence of cardiac disease. With more indications for cardiac implantable electrode devices, the devices themselves have evolved into more complex structures with more leads. The mechanical stress, risk of infection, and decreased blood flow through the superior vena cava (SVC) put patients at risk for SVC obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152578PMC

Nonseminomatous Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor Presenting As Early Pericardial Tamponade.

Cureus 2020 Feb 28;12(2):e7131. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Internal Medicine, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, PAK.

Multiple different types of mediastinal masses may be encountered on imaging techniques in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The most frequent mediastinal masses in adults are thymoma, lymphoma, thyroid masses, and germ cell tumors. Potential complications of these masses due to localized invasion include hemoptysis, post-obstructive pneumonia, and superior vena cava syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7105248PMC
February 2020

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome - Blood Changes Its Route.

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2020 Jan-Mar;27(1):53

General Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Portugal; Universidade Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal.

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December 2019

Total Aortic Arch Replacement With E-Vita OPEN PLUS Hybrid Prosthesis - Initial Experience From A Single Surgical Center.

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2020 Jan-Mar;27(1):17-22

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Portugal.

We report a rare case of an advanced stage thymoma with right superior pulmonary lobe, superior vena cava, innominate vein and pericardium invasion in a patient with Good's syndrome. In a multidisciplinary discussion, surgical resection was deemed the best initial approach, since invaded structures could be safely managed. The tumor was fully resected and included partial resection of the superior pulmonary lobe, superior vena cava and innominate vein. Read More

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November 2019

Caval-portal anastomosis via Sappey superior veins with pseudolesion in segment IV a of the liver: a case report.

Surg Radiol Anat 2020 Apr 1. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Head of the Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy Department, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus.

The article describes unusual caval-portal anastomosis via paraumbilical veins, which has resulted in the hepatic pseudolesion around the falciform ligament. We present a case of a 41-year-old male diagnosed with superior vena cava syndrome. Abdominal CT identified hypervascular pseudolesion from the Sappey superior veins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-020-02462-2DOI Listing

Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 resolves suprahepatic occlusion of the inferior caval vein, Budd-Chiari syndrome model in rats.

World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol 2020 Mar;11(1):1-19

Departments of Pharmacology and Pathology, Medical Faculty University of Zagreb, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.

Background: Recently, as a possible therapy resolving solution, pentadecapeptide BPC 157 therapy, has been used in alleviating various vascular occlusion disturbances. BPC 157 was previously reviewed as novel mediator of Robert cytoprotection and endothelium protection in the stomach, and gut-brain axis, beneficial therapy in gastrointestinal tract, with particular reference to vascular recruitment, ulcerative colitis and tumor cachexia, and other tissues healing. Here we raised new hypothesis about BPC 157 therapy in the Budd-Chiari syndrome in rats, rapid bypassing of the suprahepatic inferior caval vein occlusion, and rats recovery with the active and effective pharmacotherapy treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4291/wjgp.v11.i1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7093306PMC

Diagnostic Pitfall of Platypnea-Orthodeoxia Syndrome Caused by Atrial Septal Defect after Right Pneumonectomy.

Case Rep Crit Care 2020 20;2020:4257185. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

We describe a case of platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) due to atrial septal defect (ASD) occurring in the early postoperative course of a right pneumonectomy. Deformation of the atrial septum after right pneumonectomy deviates the blood from the inferior vena cava to ASD during the sitting position creating, a massive right-to-left shunt. Diagnosis can initially be missed by making contrast bubble test through the superior vena cava. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4257185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054779PMC
February 2020

Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome: A case report.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2020 Jan;45(1):91-95

Department of Cardiology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China.

Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (UCSS), also named coronary sinus septal defect, is a rare type of atrial septal defect with the incidence less than 1% of the total number of atrial septal defects. It is caused by incomplete formation of left atrial venous folds during embryonic development. Here we reported a patient with UCSS, who was treated in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2020.180767DOI Listing
January 2020

Stent interventional treatment of superior vena cava syndrome with a pacemaker placement complication in an infant.

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2020 ;77(1):34-37

Servicio de Cardiología Pediátrica, Centro Médico Nacional 20 de Noviembre, Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, Ciudad de México, México.

Background: Epicardial pacemaker is the preferred method for newborns and children under 10 kg of weight. However, its placement presents a high rate of premature failure.

Case Report: The case of an infant requiring placement of pacemaker by congenital atrioventricular block with prenatal diagnosis is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/BMHIM.19000097DOI Listing
January 2020

Goiter in a Patient with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treated with Epoprostenol.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 23;2020:1617253. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Pulmonary-Critical Care Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Weill Cornell College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

A 35-year-old female with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who presented with complaints of progressively worsening dysphagia, facial swelling, and shortness of breath, was found to have a large goiter. In patients treated with epoprostenol for long periods of time, thyroid disease is common. Most cases of thyroid disease describe thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroid statues, but our case was a patient on long term IV epoprostenol presenting with a superior vena cava-syndrome (SVC) like appearance and airway compromise found to have a goiter incidentally during workup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1617253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6998745PMC
January 2020

Macrocephaly Secondary to Superior Vena Cava Syndrome.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2020 18;55(1):42-45. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Albany Medical Center, Albany, New York, USA,

Cardiac defects in neonates are often associated with neurological or neuroanatomical anomalies. We present a patient who developed macrocephaly secondary to superior vena cava syndrome, resultant from repair of her congenital tetralogy of Fallot. She was managed conservatively with serial imaging and close observation from the neurosurgical aspect, and her head growth stabilized without requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunting after stent placement in her superior vena cava. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503111DOI Listing
February 2020

Robotic assisted extravascular stent placement for nutcracker phenomenon of the left renal vein: a case series.

J Robot Surg 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA.

Nutcracker phenomenon of the left renal vein is a rare anatomic anomaly that can present with chronic flank/pelvic pain, pelvic congestion, and hematuria. Conventional treatment options (superior mesenteric artery transposition, endovascular stent placement, auto-transplantation) involve substantial risk, morbidity, or the need for chronic anti-coagulation. We now report our institution's robotic experience with extravascular left renal vein stent placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11701-020-01054-xDOI Listing
February 2020

Endovascular stenting for occluded superior vena cava in an infant with short bowel syndrome.

Pediatr Int 2020 Feb 13;62(2):244-246. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.14092DOI Listing
February 2020

Superior vena caval thrombosis after a neonatal arterial switch procedure.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2020 Jan-Mar;13(1):78-80. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatric Critical Care, Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY, USA.

Superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava obstructions were once well-documented complications from the Mustard repair for D-transposition of the great arteries (TGA), occurring in 10%-40% patients; however, they are rarely documented with the current, more common arterial switch operation (ASO). Similarly, SVC thrombosis is an uncommon, severe complication following neonatal cardiac surgery. We report a case of persistent SVC thrombosis, SVC syndrome, and chylothorax arising after ASO, refractory to thrombolysis and stent placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_71_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6979025PMC
December 2019

Treatment of superior vena cava syndrome using AngioJet™ thrombectomy system.

CVIR Endovasc 2019 Aug 14;2(1):28. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra, Northwell at Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Background: Superior vena cava syndrome is a relatively rare presentation in which diminished venous return to the heart produces congestion of the neck, face and upper extremities. Typically, a mediastinal mass produces external compression on the superior vena cava and reduces venous return. However, superior vena cava syndrome can present acutely in the setting of vena cava thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42155-019-0071-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6966412PMC

Surgical Treatment of an Advanced Stage Thymoma in a Good's Syndrome Patient - Case Report.

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2019 Oct-Dec;26(4):269-271

Department of Cardiothoracic surgery, Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisbon, Portugal.

We report a rare case of an advanced stage thymoma with right superior pulmonary lobe, superior vena cava, innominate vein and pericardium invasion in a patient with Good's syndrome. In a multidisciplinary discussion, surgical resection was deemed the best initial approach, since invaded structures could be safely managed. The tumor was fully resected and included partial resection of the superior pulmonary lobe, superior vena cava and innominate vein. Read More

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Prosthetic Reconstruction of Superior Vena Cava System for Thymic Tumor: A Retrospective Analysis of 22 Cases.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Jan 31. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Provincial Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Objective:  This study aimed to report our experience in superior vena cava (SVC) resection and reconstruction for 22 thymic tumor patients and to make comparisons with previous related reports.

Methods:  A retrospective study on 22 patients (15 thymomas, 7 thymic cancers) who underwent tumor resection with concomitant SVC reconstruction. All the patients underwent vascular conduit reconstruction by the cross-clamping technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3401044DOI Listing
January 2020

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment? .

Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2019 Oct-Dec;15(4):289-299

WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.

The acknowledgement of cardiovascular disease as one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among cancer survivors is the cornerstone of the growing field of cardio-oncology. Although standardizing treatment for any given disease is often considered ideal, it is important to recognize the value of pursuing a practical and personalized approach when caring for an oncology patient to minimize the risk of treatment-related cardiotoxicity. We hereby discuss a series of cases that illustrate the ways vascular toxicity can manifest in patients with cancer and, when appropriate, provide scientific evidence that supports clinical decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14797/mdcj-15-4-289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6977563PMC

Cytokeratin 7 and thyroid transcription factor - 1 levels in patients with lung cancer complicated with superior vena cava syndrome and their correlation with clinicopathological characteristics.

J BUON 2019 Nov-Dec;24(6):2294-2302

Department of Medical Oncology, Shaoxing Second Hospital, Shaoxing 312000, P.R.China.

Purpose: This study aimed to detect the levels of cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and thyroid transcription factor -1(TTF-1) in serum of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) complicated with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), and to explore their prognosis and relationship and correlation with pathological characteristics.

Methods: 68 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) complicated with SVCS treated in Shaoxing Second Hospital from July 2014 to May 2018 were selected as the experimental group, 60 normal healthy persons as the control group, and 60 patients with lung cancer as the lung cancer group. The levels of CK7 and TTF-1 in the three groups were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the differences were compared. Read More

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Stanford type IV venous collateral blood flow following complete chronic occlusion of the superior vena cava in a patient with lung cancer.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Mar 10;15(3):254-258. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Radiology, Endovascular Treatment Center, Okinawa Prefectural Nanbu Medical Center and Children's Medical Center, 118-1 Arakawa Haebaru-cho, Shimajiri, Okinawa 901-1193, Japan.

In superior vena cava occlusion, multiple collateral pathways develop to maintain venous drainage. Major patterns and pathways of venous collateral blood flow are well described, but rarely in complete chronic superior vena cava occlusion secondary to malignancy. A 59-year-old man with facial and upper extremity edema had a severely compressed superior vena cava at the initial diagnosis of stage IV mediastinal lung adenocarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2019.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6957796PMC

Superior Vena Cava Lymphoma.

Intern Med 2020 05 17;59(9):1231. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Department of Hematology, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.4140-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7270768PMC

A Man with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome and Granulomas.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2020 01;17(1):107-111

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201905-348CCDOI Listing
January 2020