4,186 results match your criteria Superior Vena Cava Syndrome


Superior vena cava syndrome due to pacemaker leads: an Indian report with a review of management practices.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2019 Apr 5;89(1). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Cardiology, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur.

Superior vena cava [SVC] syndrome due to pacemaker leads is a distinct diagnostic rarity. It is diagnosed clinically based on constellation of signs and symptoms supported by imaging evidence of SVC obstruction. A 70-year-old male, an ex-smoker, presented with facial and upper limb swelling along with exertional dyspnea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2019.977DOI Listing

Superior vena cava syndrome.

QJM 2019 Mar 3. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Eiju General Hospital, 2-23-16 Higashi Ueno, Taito-ku, Tokyo 110-8645, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcz064DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Genetic association of retroesophageal left brachiocephalic vein.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Retroesophageal (RE) left brachiocephalic vein (LBCV) is rare. It takes an anomalous route to run posteriorly behind the trachea and esophagus before draining into the superior vena cava via the azygos vein (Figure 1). Isolated RELBCV causes no symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.20275DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Percutaneous endovascular treatment of an iatrogenic superior cava vein syndrome during the immediate post-operative period after mitral-aortic valve replacement.

Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, La Coruña, España.

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) results from superior vena cava obstruction, causing a decrease in venous return from the head, neck, and upper extremities. Although the most frequent cause is still malignant tumour processes, in recent years an increase has been observed in non-tumour causes, such as thrombosis of intravascular devices or iatrogenic causes during cardiac surgery. A case is presented of SVCS after cardiac surgery treated satisfactorily by an endovascular technique and systemic anticoagulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.redar.2019.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Giant spinal nerve sheath tumours - Surgical challenges: case series and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

f Consultant Neurosurgeon and Spinal Surgeon , Royal Hallamshire Hospital , Sheffield , UK.

Background: Giant nerve sheath tumours (GNST) are rare and literature on their management is scant. Spinal GNST present as a surgical challenge due to the involvement of anatomical regions often outside the "comfort zone" of a spinal surgeon. This case series aims to identify challenges in the surgical management of GNSTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1567678DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome.

QJM 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Eiju General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcz055DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Pediatric Malignant Mediastinal Masses.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2019 Mar;29(3):258-262

Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant, The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To describe the clinical spectrum and outcome-associated variables of pediatric malignant mediastinal masses in a resource-limited setting.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, The Children's Hospital, Lahore, from October 2016 to November 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2019.03.258DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment complications of primary cardiac lymphoma in an immunocompetent 28-year old man: a case report.

BMC Cancer 2019 Mar 1;19(1):191. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Hematology Unit, 1st Department of Internal Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Laiko General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Primary cardiac lymphomas (PCL) represent extremely rare cardiac tumors which are accompanied by poor prognosis, unless they are timely diagnosed and treated.

Case Presentation: Herein we present a 28-year-old, immunocompetent man who presented to our hospital due to progressively worsening symptoms and signs of superior vena cava syndrome. Multi-modality imaging demonstrated a large intracardiac tumor, which was proven, by biopsy, to be a PCL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5405-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397455PMC

Pleural transudate: pathophysiology during superior vena cava syndrome.

ERJ Open Res 2019 Feb 25;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Dept of Respiratory Diseases and Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital Amiens-Picardie, Amiens, France.

http://ow.ly/EpZm30nwVZj. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00251-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387991PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Central Venous Stenosis after Hemodialysis: Case Reports and Relationships to Catheters and Cardiac Implantable Devices.

Cardiorenal Med 2019 27;9(3):135-144. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Nephrology Division, University of Naples - "Luigi Vanvitelli" - Medical School, Naples, Italy,

The appropriate vascular access for hemodialysis in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) is undefined. We describe two cases of end-stage renal disease patients with CIED and tunneled central venous catheter (CVC) who developed venous cava stenosis: (1) a 70-year-old man with sinus node disease and pacemaker in 2013, CVC, and a Brescia-Cimino forearm fistula in 2015; (2) a 75-year-old woman with previous ventricular arrhythmia with implanted defibrillator in 2014 and CVC in 2016. In either case, after about 1 year from CVC insertion, patients developed superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome due to stenosis diagnosed by axial computerized tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496065DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Intralymphatic histiocytosis in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma treated with pembrolizumab: a case report.

J Immunother Cancer 2019 Feb 27;7(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5, Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8603, Japan.

Background: Pembrolizumab, an anti-programmed cell death-1 protein monoclonal antibody, is effective for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. However, immune checkpoint inhibitors such as pembrolizumab induce various immune-related adverse events, involving the lung, liver, gastrointestinal, endocrine system, and skin. Intralymphatic histiocytosis (ILH) is a rare, chronic cutaneous disorder with a reactive inflammatory component, which often occurs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-019-0534-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391791PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Imaging features of SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcomas: a multi-centric study of 21 patients.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, Comprehensive Cancer Center, 229, cours de l'Argonne, F-33000, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcoma (SMARCA4-DTS) is a recently identified aggressive subtype of sarcoma. The aim of this study was to characterize the CT imaging features of SMARCA4-DTS.

Methods: From June 2011 to May 2017, 21 adult patients with histologically proven SMARCA4-DTS were identified in the radiological database of 2 French sarcoma reference centers with at least one chest CT scan available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06017-xDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

When a Goitre is a Thyroid Lymphoma.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 27;5(12):000999. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Portugal.

Primary thyroid lymphoma is a rare cause of both thyroid malignancy and extra-nodal lymphoma. It typically presents as a rapidly enlarging goitre with compressive symptoms. Histological analysis of a biopsy specimen is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000999DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346969PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

A 10-year-old boy with dyspnea and hypoxia: abernathy malformation masquerading as pulmonary arteriovenous fistula.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;19(1):55. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No. 355 Luding Road, Shanghai, 200062, China.

Background: Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare congenital malformation characterised by an extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Children with Abernathy malformation can develop hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) with pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVF) or pulmonary hypertension. PAVF manifests as central cyanosis with effort intolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1422-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371454PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Superior Vena Cava Cancerous Thrombus Due to Squamous Cell Tongue Cancer: Virchow's Triad at Its Worst Version.

Thromb Haemost 2019 Apr 11;119(4):512-514. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Critical Care, University Hospital of Larissa, Thessaly, Greece.

Superior vena cava (SVC) cancerous thrombosis is extremely sparse, especially in the setting of extrathoracic tumours. Herein, we present the case of a patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, who presented with SVC syndrome possibly secondary to symptomatic metastatic pericardial effusion. In this unique patient, the disastrous concurrence of all the elements of Virchow's triad within the confined anatomical space of SVC may have precipitated extensive vessel thrombosis with catastrophic consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677712DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Carinal surgery: A single-institution experience spanning 2 decades.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass. Electronic address:

Objectives: Complete resection of neoplasms involving the carina are technically challenging and have high operative morbidity and mortality. This study examines the last 2 decades of clinical experience at our institution.

Methods: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed between 1997 and 2017 to identify all patients who underwent carinal resection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00225223183330
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.11.130DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Superior vena cava syndrome early after pacemaker implantation in a patient with lung carcinoma: A case report.

Rev Port Cardiol 2019 Jan 23;38(1):65.e1-65.e3. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Cardiology, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is typically dramatic. Although the diagnosis is usually easy, elucidation of the etiology is difficult. We present a patient who developed SVC syndrome early after transvenous pacemaker implantation and who was subsequently diagnosed with lung carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.repc.2018.05.016DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

A stepwise diagnostic approach to superior vena cava syndrome.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 03;20(3):367

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Lenox Hill, Northwell, 100 E 77th Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY, USA.

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https://academic.oup.com/ehjcimaging/advance-article/doi/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jey185DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Aspiration thrombectomy for acute iliofemoral or central deep venous thrombosis.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2019 Mar 10;7(2):162-168. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.

Objective: The use of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) may provide clinical benefit in patients with acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT), but significant doubt remains about its indications and risks. We assessed technical success in resolution of acute iliofemoral or central DVT after single-session treatment with a novel mechanical aspiration thrombectomy device as an alternative to initiation of CDT.

Methods: This was a single-center retrospective review of patients with acute iliofemoral or central DVT treated with the Indigo continuous aspiration mechanical thrombectomy 8 system (Penumbra, Inc, Alameda, Calif) from 2016 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2018.09.015DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Efficacy and safety of cryoablation of para-Hisian and mid-septal accessory pathways using a specific protocol: single-center experience in consecutive patients.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Heart and Vessels, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, University of Insubria, Viale Borri, 57, 21100, Varese, Italy.

Purpose: Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of para-Hisian (P-H) and mid-septal (M-S) accessory pathways (APs) is a potentially harmful procedure due to their close location to the A-V node. Conversely, cryoablation (CA) appears safer in this setting. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of CA of these APs using a specific protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10840-018-0498-9DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Left atrial isomerism with complex cardiovascular malformation on prenatal ultrasound and vascular cast.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Ultrasound, Xiangyang No. 1 People's Hospital Affiliated to Hubei University of Medicine, xiangyang Key Laboratory of Maternal-Fetal Medicine in Fetal Heart Disease, Hubei, China.

Left atrial isomerism (LAI) is a rare type of heterotaxy syndrome . The most common anomalies of the fetuses with LAI are the absence of the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC), the interrupted suprarenal IVC segment with enlarged azygos or hemiazygos vein continuation, and the azygos vein passing posterior of the aorta and running up to join the superior vena cava (SVC) . This article is protected by copyright. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.20206DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Major vessel invasion by thyroid cancer: a comprehensive review.

Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2018 Dec 24:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

a Department of Surgery , St. Paul's Hospital & University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada.

Introduction: Gross extrathyroidal extension of thyroid cancer is an indicator of a worse cancer prognosis and may lead to major vessel invasion (MVI) that represents an uncommon and highly morbid manifestation of disease progression. Areas covered: This review aims to evaluate the current literature reporting on thyroid cancer that exhibits MVI, with a focus on relevant patient and pathological characteristics, diagnostic evaluation, and management, of this uncommon but challenging thyroid cancer presentation. Expert commentary: Vascular invasion by thyroid cancer is uncommon and has a poor prognosis with high associated perioperative morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737140.2019.1559059DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Upper vena cava syndrome secondary to giant atrial myxoma.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Dec;64(12):1077-1080

Clinical Emergency Unit - InCor - HCFMUSP - São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objective: Cardiac myxoma is a benign neoplasm, which corresponds to the most common primary heart tumour, responsible for about 50% of the cases. In general, 75-80% of myxomas are located in the left atrium, 18% in the right atrium, and more rarely in the ventricles or multicentric. Right atrial myxoma, in particular, can obstruct the tricuspid valve, causing symptoms of right heart failure, peripheral oedema, hepatic congestion, and syncope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.12.1077DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome: a giant bulla.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Dr Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Surgery, Medical Practice and Research Center, Izmir, Turkey.

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a group of symptoms caused by obstruction of superior vena cava. External compression caused by benign or malign processes is the most common physiopathology. We aim to present a 29-year-old man with non-productive cough, facial plethora and venous distention of the neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226477DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Pediatric oncologic emergencies: Clinical and imaging review for pediatricians.

Pediatr Int 2019 Feb 7;61(2):122-139. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Children with cancer are at increased risk of life-threatening emergencies, either from the cancer itself or related to the cancer treatment. These conditions need to be assessed and treated as early as possible to minimize morbidity and mortality. Cardiothoracic emergencies encompass a variety of pathologies, including pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, massive hemoptysis, superior vena cava syndrome, pulmonary embolism, and pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13755DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

A Case of Undifferentiated Sarcoma in the Superior Vena Cava and Bilateral Cervical Veins.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 19;19:1507-1514. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Pathology, Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan.

BACKGROUND Intimal sarcoma (IS) is a malignant mesenchymal tumor with predominantly intraluminal growth in large vessels and the heart. Due to the rarity of cases it often poses diagnostic problems in clinical and pathological settings. Although the classification of IS is still controversial, undifferentiated type of IS has recently been found to show immunohistochemical positivity with MDM2, CDK4, or PDGFRA and amplification of MDM2/CDK4 and PDGFRA. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/911659
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320552PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Inferior vena cava syndrome caused by retroperitoneal fibrosis after pelvic irradiation: A case report.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2019 Feb 4;27:19-21. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.

In this case report, we share our experience of a case with inferior vena cava (IVC) syndrome caused by secondary retroperitoneal fibrosis related to prior pelvic irradiation. A 60 year-old-female who has history of pelvic irradiation developed severe leg edema. Radiological examination revealed obstruction of IVC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gore.2018.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289939PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Long-term follow-up of endovascular repair of iatrogenic superior vena cava injury: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13610

Rationale: This report aimed to present the long-term follow-up results of the management of superior vena cava (SVC) rupture during balloon angioplasty in an attempt to relieve SVC obstruction as a result of hemodialysis (HD) catheter-related central vein stenosis.

Patient Concerns: We present a case of a 42-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease on HD for 4 years, initially from an autogenous fistula for 2.5 years and then from a right internal jugular vein (IJV) catheter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320005PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Waardenburg Syndrome and Left Persistent Superior Vena Cava.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA.

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder secondary to neural crest cell developmental abnormalities. It is predominantly described as an auditory-pigmentary syndrome with diverse patient presentation, typically involving congenital sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentation abnormalities of the skin, hair, and iris. Other developmental abnormalities that may be associated with this syndrome are Hirschsprung's disease and a myriad of cardiovascular congenital defects. Read More

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http://www.clinicalimagingscience.org/text.asp?2018/8/1/44/2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcis.JCIS_31_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251238PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Persistence of a pacemaker lead-like "ghost" 6 months after lead extraction.

Echocardiography 2019 01 9;36(1):201-203. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical & Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

Residual fibrous structures, referred as "ghosts", are occasionally encountered following lead extraction. Though typically detected in patients with cardiac device infections, their prognostic and therapeutic implications remain speculative. We describe a 62-year-old gentleman with history of sick sinus syndrome who presented atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14224DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

[Surgical treatment of patients with superior vena cava syndrome associated with permanent vascular access].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2018;24(4):96-100

Republican Clinical Hospital, Kazan, Russia.

Presented herein are two clinical case reports concerning surgical treatment for superior vena cava syndrome in patients suffering from end-stage renal disease and undergoing programmed haemodialysis. Initially attempted roentgen-endovascular recanalization turned out to be unsuccessful. The patients were then subjected to ipsilateral extrathoracic bypass grafting, which made it possible to preserve the vascular access for programmed haemodialysis and to relieve venous hypertension of the limb and the brain, as well as to improve quality of life. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

The social media diagnosis of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: A case report.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 27;37(2):370-371. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Charleston Area Medical Center, Graduate Medical Education, 3110 MacCorkle Avenue S.E., Charleston, WV 25304, USA.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.06.063DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Vascular Behçet's syndrome: an update.

Intern Emerg Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy.

Behçet's syndrome (BS) is a complex vasculitis, characterised by peculiar histological, pathogenetic and clinical features. Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are the most frequent vascular involvements, affecting altogether 15-40% of BS patients. Atypical thrombosis is also an important clinical feature of BS, involving the vascular districts of the inferior and superior vena cava, suprahepatic veins with Budd-Chiari syndrome, portal vein, cerebral sinuses and right ventricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-018-1991-yDOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

A Route Less Traveled: Anomalous Venous Drainage of the Right Heart.

Cureus 2018 Sep 20;10(9):e3339. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Interventional Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, USA.

Congenital anomalies of the coronary sinus and veins have been well documented, but only one instance of an anomalous small cardiac vein draining into the superior vena cava (SVC) has been reported. The majority of patients with anomalies of the coronary venous system are asymptomatic, but these variants are important to document as they may have clinically significant implications in the management and possible interventions patients may receive. This report describes an anomalous connection from the coronary venous system to the superior vena cava discovered incidentally in a patient with SVC syndrome and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248841PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Acute thrombosis of the azygos vein and severe post-thrombotic syndrome of superior vena cava.

Med Clin (Barc) 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Unidad de Enfermedad Tromboembólica Venosa, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain; Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), Madrid, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medcli.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

First reported adult patient with TARP syndrome: A case report.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 21;176(12):2915-2918. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Research and Knowledge Center in Sensory Genetics, Department of Clinical Genetics, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

TARP syndrome (talipes equinovarus, atrial septal defect, Robin sequence, and persistence of the left superior vena cava) is a rare X-linked syndrome often resulting in pre- or post-natal lethality in affected males. In 2010, RBM10 was identified as the disease-causing gene, and we describe the first adult patient with TARP syndrome at age 28 years, hereby expanding the phenotypic spectrum. Our patient had Robin sequence, atrial septal defect, intellectual disability, scoliosis, and other findings previously associated with TARP syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40638DOI Listing
December 2018
34 Reads

Infant male with TARP syndrome: Review of clinical features, prognosis, and commonalities with previously reported patients.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 18;176(12):2911-2914. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Division of Neonatal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

TARP syndrome (talipes equinovarus, atrial septal defect, Robin sequence, and persistent left superior vena cava) is a rare X-linked condition. As more patients are identified through genetic testing, it is increasingly clear that the original TARP acronym does not fully describe the complete phenotypic spectrum of this syndrome. The presented patient had genetically confirmed TARP syndrome and demonstrated new findings of hydronephrosis and hemodynamically significant hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajmg.a.40645
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40645DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Surgical Treatment of a Patient With Nutcracker Syndrome via Transposition of the Left Renal Vein.

EJVES Short Rep 2018 29;41:10-12. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Saint Ekaterina University Hospital, Clinic of Vascular Surgery, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Introduction: Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is caused by compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) where it passes in the fork formed at the bifurcation of these arteries. NCS leads to LRV hypertension, resulting in left flank and abdominal pain, with or without haematuria and pelvic ureteral varices.

Report: The patient was a young female with diagnostic criteria of NCS, with severe clinical manifestations. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056553183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvssr.2018.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226573PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Psychotic Symptoms Associated With Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Following Methamphetamine Abuse.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Nov 1;20(6). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychiatry, La Conception Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille 13005, Marseille, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.17l02253DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Endovascular Therapy for Central Venous Thrombosis.

Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2018 Jul-Sep;14(3):214-218

GUY'S AND ST THOMAS' NHS TRUST, LONDON, ENGLAND.

Central vein thrombosis is defined as thrombosis of the major vessels draining either the upper or lower extremities. It presents most commonly in the upper limb, where it affects the subclavian veins and the superior vena cava; in the lower limb, it affects the common iliac veins and the inferior vena cava. These different anatomical segments pose unique challenges in both acute and chronic settings, and this article will summarize the current best practice treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14797/mdcj-14-3-214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6217556PMC
January 2019
16 Reads

Is Long-Term Anticoagulation Required after Stent Placement for Benign Superior Vena Cava Syndrome?

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 12 3;29(12):1741-1747. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.

Purpose: To identify whether symptom relief and stent patency vary with use of long-term anticoagulation after stent placement for benign superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome.

Materials And Methods: Patients with benign SVC syndrome treated with stent placement between January 1999 and July 2017 were retrospectively identified (n = 58). Average age was 49 years (range, 24-80 y); 34 (58%) were women, and 24 (42%) were men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.07.020DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Laparoscopic ligation of a congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt for children with hyperammonemia: a single-institution experience.

Surg Today 2019 Apr 3;49(4):323-327. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Purpose: A congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt (CEPS) associated with hyperammonemia requires occlusion of the shunt vessels. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic ligation of a CEPS in children with hyperammonemia.

Methods: The subjects of this retrospective study were seven children with hyperammonemia who underwent laparoscopic ligation of a CEPS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-018-1731-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Acute myeloid leukaemia relapse presenting as cardiac myeloid sarcoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 1;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Radiation Oncology, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

A 50-year-old woman previously diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia presented with a 3-month history of shortness of breath and a right-sided facial rash. A chest CT revealed an intracardiac mass in the right atrium extending into her superior and inferior vena cava. Surgery was performed to remove the mass and pathology was consistent with myeloid sarcoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6214378PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

[Bilateral eyelid edema revealing a lung adenocarcinoma with superior vena cava syndrome: Case report].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2018 Nov 30;41(9):e447-e449. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU Bretonneau, 2, boulevard Tonnellé, 37044 Tours cedex, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2018.03.015DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Superior vena cava syndrome with concomitant upper extremity deep vein thrombosis.

Intern Emerg Med 2019 Mar 31;14(2):319-320. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Division of Cardiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11739-018-1979-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-018-1979-7DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Endovascular Stenting in 2 Patients with Benign Superior Vena Cava Syndrome.

Tex Heart Inst J 2018 08 1;45(4):264-269. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Superior vena cava syndrome has typically been associated with malignant conditions; however, the number of benign cases has started to grow as the use of upper-extremity venous lines and implantable cardiac devices increases. Whereas endovascular techniques are standardly used to treat patients with malignancies, the optimal care of patients with benign causes is less clear because they typically have longer life expectancies. We describe 2 cases of benign superior vena cava syndrome successfully managed with endovascular stenting, and we review the relevant literature. Read More

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http://thij.org/doi/10.14503/THIJ-17-6263
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14503/THIJ-17-6263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6183629PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Superior vena cava syndrome in a patient with locally advanced lung cancer with good response to definitive chemoradiation: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 20;12(1):301. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 535 Barnhill Drive, Cancer Care Pavilion 041, Indianapolis, IN, 46202-5289, USA.

Background: The incidence of superior vena cava syndrome within the United States is roughly 15,000 cases per year. Superior vena cava syndrome is a potentially life-threatening medical condition; however, superior vena cava syndrome is not fatal in the majority of cases. Superior vena cava syndrome encompasses a collection of signs and symptoms resulting from obstruction of the superior vena cava, including swelling of the upper body of the head, neck, arms, and/or breast. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1843-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195746PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Mediastinum Successfully Treated with Systemic Chemotherapy after Palliative Radiotherapy.

Intern Med 2019 Feb 17;58(4):563-568. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Showa General Hospital, Japan.

Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a highly malignant cancer originally found in lung in 1991. In extremely rare occasions, primary LCNEC is found in the mediastinum; approximately 40 of such cases have been reported. Due to the limited number of reported cases, a standardized treatment protocol has yet to be established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.0437-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421155PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in Conjunction with Pulmonary Vasculature Compromise: A Case Study and Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Oct 17;19:1237-1240. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, United Health Services Wilson Medical Center, Johnson City, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome can result from external compression or invasion of the vessel from structural pathology within the mediastinum. Here we present a case of a patient that had no airway compromise, but who had hemodynamic instability due to pulmonary vasculature compression requiring urgent intervention. CASE REPORT A 61-year-old male who presented with severe dyspnea was found to have newly diagnosed small cell carcinoma of the right lung. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.910165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202881PMC
October 2018
4 Reads