311,836 results match your criteria Superior Labrum Lesions


Effect of Sleep Quality on aMCI Vulnerable Brain Regions in Cognitively Normal Elderly Individuals.

Sleep 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Study Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the extent to which sleep quality impacts amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI)-related brain regions in a cognitively normal cohort of individuals.

Methods: Seventy four participants were rigorously evaluated using a battery of cognitive tests and a detailed clinical assessment to verify normal cognitive status. We then screened for sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and depressive symptoms using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Read More

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December 2018

A 12-wk whole-grain wheat intervention protects against hepatic fat: the Graandioos study, a randomized trial in overweight subjects.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;108(6):1264-1274

Wageningen University, Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Whole-grain wheat (WGW) is described as nutritionally superior to refined wheat (RW) and thus advocated as the healthy choice, although evidence from intervention studies is often inconsistent. The liver, as the central organ in energy metabolism, might be an important target organ for WGW interventions.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential benefits of WGW consumption compared with RW consumption on liver health and associated parameters. Read More

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December 2018

Predicting Ames Mutagenicity Using Conformal Prediction in the Ames/QSAR International Challenge Project.

Mutagenesis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Computer Learning Research Centre, Royal Holloway, University of London Egham, Surrey, UK.

Valid and predictive models for classifying Ames mutagenicity have been developed using conformal prediction. The models are Random Forest models using signature molecular descriptors. The investigation indicates, on excluding not-strongly mutagenic compounds (class B), that the validity for mutagenic compounds is increased for the predictions based on both public and the Division of Genetics and Mutagenesis, National Institute of Health Sciences of Japan (DGM/NIHS) data while less so when using only the latter data source. Read More

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December 2018

Improved multilineage human hematopoietic reconstitution and function in NSGS mice.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209034. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Experimental Hematology and Cancer Biology, Cancer and Blood Disease Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America.

Genetic manipulation of NOD/SCID (NS) mice has yielded numerous sub-strains with specific traits useful for the study of human hematopoietic xenografts, each with unique characteristics. Here, we have compared the engraftment and output of umbilical cord blood (UCB) CD34+ cells in four immune-deficient strains: NS, NS with additional IL2RG knockout (NSG), NS with transgenic expression of human myeloid promoting cytokines SCF, GM-CSF, and IL-3 (NSS), and NS with both IL2RG knockout and transgenic cytokine expression (NSGS). Overall engraftment of human hematopoietic cells was highest in the IL2RG knockout strains (NSG and NSGS), while myeloid cell output was notably enhanced in the two strains with transgenic cytokine expression (NSS and NSGS). Read More

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December 2018

Novel Application of the Pfirrmann Disc Degeneration Grading System to 9.4T MRI: Higher Reliability Compared to 3T MRI.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Study Design: Reliability Study.

Objective: To evaluate the applicability and reliability of 9.4T MRI in the assessment of degenerative disc disease compared to 3T MRI. Read More

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December 2018

Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Laparoscopic Versus Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block in Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery.

Dis Colon Rectum 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Background: Transversus abdominis plane block may improve analgesia after colorectal surgery; however, techniques remain unstandardized and results are conflicting.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare laparoscopic and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block with no block in minimally invasive colorectal surgery.

Design: This was a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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November 2018

In Vivo Analysis of Urinary Stones With Dual-Energy Computed Tomography.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Formation mechanisms and treatment of the urinary stones are different, depending on their chemical structure. Therefore, determining the stone type plays a key role in planning treatment and preventive measures. Computed tomography (CT), with the use of dual-energy technology in recent years, has made it possible to do in vivo analysis of urinary stones. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of task-oriented electromyography-triggered electrical stimulation of the paretic wrist extensors on upper limb motor function early after stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Int J Rehabil Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Science, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

The combined effect of task-oriented motor training and electromyography (EMG)-triggered electrical stimulation (ES) has been examined in chronic stroke, but there are no published reports in patients with early stroke. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the short-term and long-term effects of task-oriented EMG-triggered ES on upper limb motor function in acute/subacute stroke. Twenty-seven patients with stroke within the first 3 months after stroke onset were randomly allocated to an experimental group and a control group. Read More

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December 2018
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Arthroscopic Superior Capsular Reconstruction for Dislocation of the Shoulder with an Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tear: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Showa University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Case: A 49-year-old man presented with apprehension of a repeat dislocation after a left shoulder dislocation, which was accompanied by pain and restricted active range of motion of the shoulder. We performed an arthroscopic Bankart repair as well as an arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (ASCR) with fascia lata for the irreparable massive rotator cuff tear. Two years postoperatively, there was no shoulder pain or repeat dislocation; the range of motion had improved. Read More

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December 2018

An Effective Simulator for Intraoral Facial Skeletal Contour Surgeries.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1):99-103

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

Background: In East Asia, intraoral facial skeletal contour surgeries (intraoral FSCSs), including reduction gonioplasty, reduction malarplasty, and genioplasty, have become increasingly popular. Nonetheless, intraoral FSCSs are technically difficult and have a steep learning curve. An effective simulator could be beneficial for intraoral FSCS training. Read More

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January 2019

[Operative treatment of acute mesenteric ischaemia].

Magy Seb 2018 Dec;71(4):149-154

Általános, Ér- és Plasztikai Sebészeti Osztály, Markusovszky Egyetemi Oktatókórház 9700 Szombathely, Markusovszky Lajos u. 5.

Introduction: The incidence of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) appears to be increasing due to aging in the population with increasing prevalence of comorbidities. Despite the wide-scale availability of diagnostic technologies, the timely detection and correct treatment are not ensured. This is due to the fact that the required CT angiography is not immediately performed and that vascular surgical reconstruction can be performed within the short ischemic tolerance window of the bowels amounting 4-6 hours. Read More

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December 2018

Using membrane partitioning simulations to predict permeability of forty-nine drug-like molecules.

J Chem Inf Model 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

A simple descriptor calculated from molecular dynamics simulations of the membrane partitioning event is found to correlate well with experimental measurements of passive membrane permeation from the high throughput MDCK-LE assay using a dataset of 49 drug-like molecules. This descriptor approximates the energy cost of translocation across the hydrophobic membrane core (flip-flop), which for many molecules limits permeability. Performance is found to be superior in comparison to calculated properties such as clogP, clogD or polar surface area. Read More

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December 2018

The nature of binding of quinolate complex on the surface of ZnS quantum dots.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039, Assam, India. and Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039, Assam, India.

We report that the Z-type binding rather than X-type binding was favored when 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ) reacted with presynthesized ZnS quantum dots (Qdots) to form surface zinc quinolinate complexes having a preferred stoichiometry of 1 : 2 (surface Zn2+ : HQ). Importantly, the higher solubility in polar solvents and high desorption coefficient (following Langmuir binding isotherm) of HQ-treated ZnS Qdot in DMSO solvent compared with those in methanol clearly indicated the favorable Z-type binding of HQ and thus the formation of surface octahedral ZnQ2 complex. Furthermore, the characteristics peaks in the 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of the desorbed species and the ligand density calculation of the surface complex (formed due to the reaction between HQ and ZnS Qdot) supported the octahedral ZnQ2 complex formation. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiac Vagus and Exercise.

Physiology (Bethesda) 2019 Jan;34(1):71-80

William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London , London , United Kingdom.

Lower resting heart rate and high autonomic vagal activity are strongly associated with superior exercise capacity, maintenance of which is essential for general well-being and healthy aging. Recent evidence obtained in experimental studies using the latest advances in molecular neuroscience, combined with human exercise physiology, physiological modeling, and genomic data suggest that the strength of cardiac vagal activity causally determines our ability to exercise. Read More

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January 2019

Bifunctional Organic Spacers for Formamidinium-Based Hybrid Dion-Jacobson Two-Dimensional Perovskite Solar Cells.

Nano Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Photonics and Interfaces . École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , CH-1015 Lausanne , Switzerland.

Three-dimensional (3D) perovskite materials display remarkable potential in photovoltaics owing to their superior solar-to-electric power conversion efficiency, with current efforts focused on improving stability. Two-dimensional (2D) perovskite analogues feature greater stability toward environmental factors, such as moisture, owing to a hydrophobic organic cation that acts as a spacer between the inorganic layers, which offers a significant advantage over their comparatively less stable 3D analogues. Here, we demonstrate the first example of a formamidinium (FA) containing Dion-Jacobson 2D perovskite material characterized by the BFA Pb I formulation through employing a novel bifunctional organic spacer (B), namely 1,4-phenylenedimethanammonium (PDMA). Read More

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December 2018

Optimization of Vinyl Sulfone Derivatives as Potent Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2 (Nrf2) Activators for Parkinson's Disease Therapy.

J Med Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

We previously developed a novel series of vinyl sulfones as nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activators with therapeutic potential for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the previously developed lead compound (1) exhibited undesirable drug-like properties. Here we optimized vinyl sulfones by introducing nitrogen heterocycles to improve drug-like properties. Read More

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December 2018

Parasitoids diversity in organic Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) associated with Basil (Ocimum basilicum) and Marigold (Tagetes erecta ).

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Controle Biológico Conservativo, Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA, Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001, Kennedy, CEP 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brasil.

The sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most important crops in Brazilian farming. Many insect are related to this crop, compromising the quantity and quality of the fruit, representing a production problem. Read More

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December 2018

Micronutrient deficiencies following bariatric surgery: a comparative analysis between sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Rev Col Bras Cir 2018 Dec 10;45(6):e2016. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Cirurgia, Recife, PE, Brasil.

Objective: to compare the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in patients submitted to sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux- en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

Methods: this is a comparative study of 576 patients submitted to bariatric surgery, 338 to SG and 238 to RYGB, and evaluated for hemoglobin, iron, ferritin, zinc and vitamin B12 serum levels. We performed these dosages in the preoperative period and at three, six, 12 and 24 months after surgery, for analysis and comparison of micronutrient deficiencies among the techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Topography of 11C-Pittsburgh compound B uptake in Alzheimer's disease: a voxel-based investigation of cortical and white matter regions.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Núcleo de Apoio à Pesquisa em Neurociência Aplicada (NAPNA), USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To compare results of positron emission tomography (PET) with carbon-11-labeled Pittsburgh compound B (11C-PIB) obtained with cerebellar or global brain uptake for voxel intensity normalization, describe the cortical sites with highest tracer uptake in subjects with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), and explore possible group differences in 11C-PIB binding to white matter.

Methods: 11C-PIB PET scans were acquired from subjects with AD (n=17) and healthy elderly controls (n=19). Voxel-based analysis was performed with statistical parametric mapping (SPM). Read More

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December 2018

Food safety performance and risk of food services from different natures and the role of nutritionist as food safety leader.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4033-4042

Departamento de Biociências, UNIFESP. Santos SP Brasil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the food safety performance of food services and its associated factors. The study involved 84 food businesses in the city of Santos as follows: street food kiosks and beach kiosks (street food), commercial restaurants, hospitals and school meal services (institutional food services). A food safety checklist with 81 items was applied. Read More

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December 2018

ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF THE CELIAC TRUNK: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1403. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University Center UNIFACISA), João Pessoa, PB.

Introduction: The celiac trunk (CT) is one of the abdominal portion branches of the aortic artery and, together with the superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries, participates in the abdominal viscera vascularization through a series of anastomoses. Absence of CT or variation in the number of terminal branches implies in varied abdominal arteries origins, which may have implication in surgical approaches.

Objective: To analyze the anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and possible associated surgical clinical implications. Read More

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December 2018

Monitoring Value of Multimodal Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Disease Progression of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Prospective Observational Study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2904-2909

Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital; Neuroscience Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

Background: Ongoing efforts have been made to identify new neuroimaging markers to track amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progression. This study aimed to explore the monitoring value of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the disease progression of ALS.

Methods: From September 2015 to March 2017, ten patients diagnosed with ALS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital completed head MRI scans at baseline and during follow-up. Read More

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December 2018

Concurrent computed tomography-guided radioactive iodine-125 seeds percutaneous interstitial implantation and chemotherapy for treatment of cervical lymph node metastases.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1163-S1169

Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of LinZi District, Affiliated to Binzhou Medical College, Zibo, China.

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of concurrent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous interstitial implantation of iodine-125 (I) seeds and chemotherapy on cervical lymph nodes metastasis.

Methods: The prospective randomized study included 82 cases with cervical lymph nodes metastasis who were admitted to our hospital from January 2010 to June 2012. All the subjects were randomly divided into the concurrent I implantation and chemotherapy group (n = 48) and chemotherapy-only group (n = 34) according to the treatment strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Capecitabine monotherapy in advanced breast cancer resistant to anthracycline and taxane: A meta-analysis.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S957-S963

Department of Integrative Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.

Background: Capecitabine monotherapy is usually used for advanced breast cancer (ABC) resistant to anthracycline and taxane, but there are still many other options too. Our meta-analysis assessed whether capecitabine monotherapy was superior or noninferior to the other regimens in ABC pretreated with anthracycline and taxane.

Materials And Methods: PubMed databases and abstracts from the proceedings of American Society of Clinical Oncology and San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium were searched for randomized controlled trials that compared capecitabine monotherapy with other regimens for ABC progression after anthracycline- and taxane-treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of lifestyle modification on some components of metabolic syndrome in persons with severe mental disorders: A meta-analysis.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 7;202:17-25. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (INI), Bengaluru 560029, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is reportedly associated with high mortality from mostly cardiovascular causes in patients with severe mental disorders (SMD). Lifestyle interventions augment effective management of MS in patients with SMD. The present meta-analysis aims at updating the recent evidence on the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention for MS in patients with SMD. Read More

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December 2018

Frontal hypoactivation and alterations in the reward-system during humor processing in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 30;202:149-157. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Rudolf-Bultmann-Straße 8, 35039 Marburg, Germany.

Humor is a ubiquitous human ability with important implications for both social and emotional functioning. Patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, experience difficulties in the comprehension and appreciation of humor. However, the specific neural mechanisms underlying these deficits are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiac magnetic resonance T1 mapping. Part 2: Diagnostic potential and applications.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Dec 21;109:235-247. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Division of General Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 19/P, 8036 Graz, Austria; Research & Development, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics GmbH, Strassgangerstrasse 315, 8054 Graz, Austria. Electronic address:

Non-invasive identification and differentiation of myocardial diseases represents the primary objectives of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) longitudinal relaxation time (T1) and extracellular volume (ECV) mapping. Given the fact that myocardial T1 and ECV values overlap throughout and within left ventricular phenotypes, a central issue to be addressed is whether and to what extent myocardial T1 and ECV mapping provides additional or superior diagnostic information to standard CMR imaging, and whether native T1 mapping could be employed as a non-contrast alternative to late gadolinium enhancement (LE) imaging. The present review aims to summarize physiological and pathophysiological alterations in native T1 and ECV values and summarized myocardial T1 and ECV alterations associated with cardiac diseases to support the translation of research findings into routine CMR imaging. Read More

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December 2018

Functional magnetic resonance imaging with encoding task in patients with mild cognitive impairment and different severity of leukoaraiosis.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Dec 30;282:126-131. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, Pisa 56126, Italy.

Leukoaraiosis is one of the main contributors to mild cognitive impairment due to vascular damage (vascular MCI, VMCI), whose pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated yet. We aimed to shed light on such issue using functional MRI (fMRI). Sixteen patients with VMCI were enrolled and compared with twenty-five patients with MCI but without significant vascular damage (non-vascular MCI, NVMCI) and with fifteen healthy controls (HC). Read More

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December 2018

Giant Modal Gain Coefficients in Colloidal II-VI Nanoplatelets.

Nano Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Modal gain coefficient is a key figure of merit for a laser material. Previously, net modal gain coefficients larger than a few thousand cm-1 were achieved in II-VI and III-V semiconductor gain media, but this required operation at cryogenic temperatures. In this work, using pump-fluence-dependent variable-stripe-length measurements, we show that colloidal CdSe nanoplatelets enable giant modal gain coefficients at room temperature, up to 6,600 cm-1 under pulsed optical excitation. Read More

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December 2018

Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Mesocaval Shunt for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.

Ann Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler, Unit 1484, Houston, TX, USA.

Introduction: Patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) represent a challenging group to treat, given the involvement of major vascular structures. In selected patients with favorable biology, temporary mesocaval shunt can facilitate the resection and allow for a safer procedure with enhanced exposure to the superior mesenteric vessels.

Methods: We present a video of a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with temporary mesocaval shunt with left internal jugular (LIJ) vein conduit. Read More

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December 2018

Microstructural properties of white matter pathways in relation to subsequent reading abilities in children: a longitudinal analysis.

Brain Struct Funct 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Medical School Office Building, 1265 Welch Rd, Mail Code 5415, Stanford, 94305, CA, USA.

Microstructural properties of white matter pathways are associated with concurrent reading abilities in children. In this longitudinal study, we asked whether properties of white matter pathways at the onset of learning to read would be associated with reading abilities at older ages. Children (N = 37) with a wide range of reading abilities completed standardized measures of language and phonological awareness and diffusion MRI at age 6 years. Read More

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December 2018

Combination therapy with parathyroid hormone analogs and antiresorptive agents for osteoporosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, No. 23 Youzheng Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150001, People's Republic of China.

Combination therapy with parathyroid hormone (PTH) analogs and antiresorptive agents may be more effective than monotherapy for the treatment of osteoporosis. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness and safety of this combination therapy for osteoporosis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to May 1, 2018, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a duration of at least 6 months on adults with osteoporosis treated with combination therapy versus monotherapy. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of Patient and Lesion Characteristics on Drug-Coated Balloon Angioplasty in the Femoropopliteal Artery: A Pooled Analysis of Four Randomized Controlled Multicenter Trials.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Medical Scientific Affairs, B.Braun Melsungen AG, Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: The principal objective of this pooled analysis was to investigate various patient and lesion characteristics on late lumen loss (LLL) after drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty.

Background: Four randomized controlled trials (THUNDER, FEMPAC, PACIFIER, CONSEQUENT) were pooled to investigate the influence of various patient and lesion characteristics on DCB angioplasty and on plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) in patients with femoropopliteal artery disease.

Methods: Angiographic data from 355 patients were pooled to assess the impact of patient (demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular co-morbidities, Rutherford stages) and lesion-/procedure-related (location, occlusion, length, restenosis, calcification, subintimal crossing, post-dilatation, dissection, stenting) characteristics on LLL. Read More

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December 2018

A unique case of an accessory sartorius muscle.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anatomy, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Daegu, 704-701, Republic of Korea.

The sartorius muscle (SM) is a long strap muscle originating from the anterior superior iliac spine and inserting onto the medial surface of the proximal tibia. It crosses the anterior compartment of the thigh obliquely and descends towards the medial aspect of the knee. We found an accessory sartorius muscle (ASM) from the inguinal ligament and an original SM bifurcated into medial and lateral heads. Read More

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December 2018

The radioanatomical assessment of the Körner's septum.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, The Medical University of Warsaw, 59 Nowogrodzka St, 02006, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose Of The Study: Körner's septum (KS) is a developmental remnant formed at the junction of mastoid and temporal squama, representing the persistence of the petrosquamosal suture. During mastoid surgery, it could be taken as a false medial wall of the antrum so that the deeper cells might not be explored. The aim of the study was to assess a Körner's septum prevalence and to analyze its topography. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of speed versus complexity effects on the hemodynamic response of the trail making test in block designs.

Neurophotonics 2018 Oct 8;5(4):045007. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University Hospital Tuebingen, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Tuebingen, Germany.

The use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in block designs provides measures of cortical activity in ecologically valid environments. However, in some cases, the use of block designs may be problematic when data are not corrected for performance in a time-restricted block. We sought to investigate the effects of task complexity and processing speed on hemodynamic responses in an fNIRS block design. Read More

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October 2018

Electrocardiography vs. Auscultation to Assess Heart Rate During Cardiac Arrest With Pulseless Electrical Activity in Newborn Infants.

Front Pediatr 2018 27;6:366. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Centre for the Studies of Asphyxia and Resuscitation, Royal Alexandra Hospital Edmonton, AB, Canada.

In 2015, the neonatal resuscitation guidelines incorporated the use of electrocardiography (ECG) to monitor heart rate of newborns. However, previous studies have indicated that cardiac arrest with pulseless electrical activity rhythm (PEA) may occur in the delivery room, rendering this method problematic. To evaluate the accuracy of ECG and auscultation to assess heart rate during PEA. Read More

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November 2018

Novel extraction of high quality genomic DNA from frozen bovine blood samples by using detergent method.

Open Vet J 2018 12;8(4):415-422. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Biotechnology, Vikrama Simhapuri University, Nellore-524003 Andhrapradesh, India.

DNA is the prerequisite for life's inception that transfers hereditary information, past several years; various types of commercial kits are made available which vary depending on the type of the biological sample being used. The present study is focused on developing an improvised methodology for the isolation of genomic DNA from stored bovine blood samples. DNA was isolated by using the conventional Phenol: Chloroform: Isoamyl alcohol (PCI) method and Detergent method. Read More

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November 2018

Selective and super-selective C-arm based cone beam CT angiography (CBCTA) with DynaCT for CyberKnife radiosurgery planning of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).

J Radiosurg SBRT 2018 ;5(4):305-313

Division of Radiation Oncology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: Successful radiosurgery for intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) requires accurate delineation of the nidus in 3D. Exact targeting and precise equipment is needed to achieve obliteration of the nidus while minimizing toxicity to the surrounding brain. In some micro-AVMs and poorly visible AVMs we have used cone beam CT angiography (CBCTA) with selective and super-selective angiography where a micro-catheter is advanced into the feeding arteries- to assist with nidus definition for CyberKnife radiosurgery planning. Read More

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January 2018

Laparoscopic Resection of Advanced Colorectal Cancer in a Patient with Lumboperitoneal Shunt.

Case Rep Surg 2018 14;2018:6826079. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Surgery, Nagoya Tokushukai General Hospital, 2-52 Kouzouji-cho kita, Kasugai-City, Aichi 487-0016, Japan.

A 78-year-old woman with lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt was diagnosed with advanced cancer of the ascending colon. Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy was performed without manipulating the catheter. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, with no shunt-related complications or neurological deficit. Read More

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November 2018

Diagnostic Value of F-FDG PET/CT and MRI in the Preoperative Evaluation of Uterine Carcinosarcoma.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 11;52(6):445-452. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722 South Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic value of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preoperative evaluation of uterine carcinosarcoma.

Methods: Fifty-four women with pathologically confirmed uterine carcinosarcoma who underwent preoperative FDG PET/CT and MRI from June 2006 to November 2016 were included. Pathologic findings from primary tumor lesions, para-aortic and pelvic lymph node (LN) areas, and peritoneal seeding lesions were compared with the FDG PET/CT and MRI findings. Read More

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December 2018

Computational Prediction of the Combined Effect of CRT and LVAD on Cardiac Electromechanical Delay in LBBB and RBBB.

Comput Math Methods Med 2018 14;2018:4253928. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of IT Convergence Engineering, Kumoh National Institute of Technology, Gumi 39177, Republic of Korea.

Two case reports showed that the combination of CRT and LVAD benefits the end-stage heart failure patients with prolonged QRS interval significantly. In one of the reports, the patient had the LVAD removed due to the recovery of the heart function. However, the quantification of the combined devices has yet to be conducted. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluating the Efficacy and Adverse Effects of Clearing Heat and Removing Dampness Method of Traditional Chinese Medicine by Comparison with Western Medicine in Patients with Gout.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 13;2018:8591349. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Institute of Integrative Medicine, Dalian Medical University, No. 9, South Road of Lvshun, Dalian 116044, China.

In China, the method of clearing heat and removing dampness medicine of Chinese traditional medicine has been widely used on gout. However, the clinical effects are various and not summarized systematically. In this study, a large number of randomized controlled clinical trials were reviewed and analyzed and the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of traditional Chinese medicine with clearing heat and removing dampness effects for the treatment of gout were systematically evaluated. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of Biological Properties of Two Medicinal Extracts of the Tehuacan-Cuicatlan Valley.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 13;2018:4918090. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Laboratorio de Farmacognosia, UBIPRO Facultad de Estudios Superiores-Iztacala UNAM, Tlalnepantla, Edo. Mex., Mexico.

In the Valley of Tehuacan-Cuicatlan, and are located and are used in traditional medicine. In this research, several biological properties were evaluated. The methanol extracts of (MeCp) and (MeBm) were obtained by maceration. Read More

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November 2018

The Effect of Berberine on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients with Insulin Resistance (PCOS-IR): A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 14;2018:2532935. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

OB/GYN Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of berberine (BBR) on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with insulin resistance (IR).

Methods: PubMed (in English), Medline (in English), Embase (in English), CNKI (in Chinese), WanFang DATA (in Chinese), and VIP (in Chinese) were searched for randomized controlled trials in human beings with the search terms including "polycystic ovary syndrome /PCOS" and "berberine/BBR/Huang liansu (in Chinese)/ Xiao bojian (in Chinese)" till July 2018. Relevant indices were collected and analyzed by Stata 13. Read More

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November 2018

Geography and Environment Shape Landscape Genetics of Mediterranean Alpine Species Poiret. (Caryophyllaceae).

Front Plant Sci 2018 27;9:1698. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología (ESCET), Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

The study of the drivers that shape spatial genetic structure across heterogeneous landscapes is one of the main approaches used to understand population dynamics and responses in changing environments. While the Isolation-by-Distance model (IBD) assumes that genetic differentiation increases among populations with geographical distance, the Isolation-by-Resistance model (IBR) also considers geographical barriers and other landscape features that impede gene flow. On the other hand, the Isolation-by-Environment model (IBE) explains genetic differentiation through environmental differences between populations. Read More

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November 2018

Induction of Lipid-Specific T Cell Responses by Pulmonary Delivery of Mycolic Acid-Loaded Polymeric Micellar Nanocarriers.

Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2709. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Interdisciplinary Biological Sciences Program, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States.

Mycolic acid (MA), a major lipid component of (Mtb) cell wall, can be presented by the non-polymorphic antigen presenting molecule CD1b to T cells isolated from Mtb-infected individuals. These MA-specific CD1b-restricted T cells are cytotoxic, produce Th1 cytokines, and form memory populations, suggesting that MA can be explored as a potential subunit vaccine candidate for TB. However, the controlled elicitation of MA-specific T cell responses has been challenging due to difficulties in the targeted delivery of lipid antigens and a lack of suitable animal models. Read More

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November 2018

The Dipyridamole Added to Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Cerebral Infarction After First Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Nationwide, Case-Control Study.

Front Neurol 2018 27;9:1003. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

No previous study has compared the impact of dipyridamole-based triple antiplatelet therapy on secondary stroke prevention and long-term outcomes to that of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and previous stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of dipyridamole added to DAPT on stroke prevention and long-term outcomes in patients with cerebral infarction after first AMI. This nationwide, case-control study included 75,789 patients with cerebral infarction after first AMI. Read More

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November 2018

Visual-Somatosensory Integration and Quantitative Gait Performance in Aging.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 27;10:377. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Cognitive and Motor Aging, Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, United States.

The ability to integrate information across sensory modalities is an integral aspect of mobility. Yet, the association between visual-somatosensory (VS) integration and gait performance has not been well-established in aging. A total of 333 healthy older adults (mean age 76. Read More

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November 2018

Functional and Structural Brain Plasticity in Adult Onset Single-Sided Deafness.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 27;12:474. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Single-sided deafness (SSD) or profound unilateral hearing loss obligates the only serviceable ear to capture all acoustic information. This loss of binaural function taxes cognitive resources for accurate listening performance, especially under adverse environments or challenging tasks. We hypothesized that adults with SSD would manifest both functional and structural brain plasticity compared to controls with normal binaural hearing. Read More

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November 2018