84,787 results match your criteria Superficial Heat and Cold


Visual inspection and dermoscopy, alone or in combination, for diagnosing keratinocyte skin cancers in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD011901. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.

Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management, to reduce morbidity and to improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is almost always a localised skin cancer with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas a minority of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) and invasive melanomas are higher-risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and cause death. Dermoscopy has become an important tool to assist specialist clinicians in the diagnosis of melanoma, and is increasingly used in primary-care settings. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Updates in the correlation of electroneuromyographic findings in diabetic polyneuropathy

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):354-359. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación Norte “Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez”, Curso de especialidad médica en Medicina de Rehabilitación. Ciudad de México, México

Background: The diabetic neuropathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. The reported prevalence ranges from 10-90%. Electrophysiological alterations can be demonstrated in nearly 100% of diabetics. Read More

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November 2018

Implant of ATOMS® system for the treatment of postoperative male stress urinary incontinence: results of a single centre.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Neuro-Urology, CTO - Spinal Unit, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ATOMS® system for the treatment of postoperative male stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all patients treated at our institution for postoperative male SUI with ATOMS® implant. We excluded patients with low bladder compliance (< 20 mL / cmH2O), uncontrolled detrusor overactivity, detrusor underactivity (BCI < 100), urethral or bladder neck stricture and low cystometric capacity (< 200 mL). Read More

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October 2018

Medial elbow anatomy: A paradigm shift for UCL injury prevention and management.

Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Anatomy, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: To improve the management outcomes and diagnostic accuracy of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury, the anatomy of the medial side of the elbow joint is necessary to be understood in terms of the periarticular surroundings rather than the specific ligaments. The aim of this study was to anatomically clarify the medial side of the elbow joint in terms of the tendinous structures and joint capsule.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a descriptive anatomical study of 23 embalmed cadaveric elbows. Read More

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December 2018

p53-Family Proteins in Odontogenic Cysts: An Immunohistochemical Study.

Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Clinical Specialistic and Dental Sciences.

The present study investigated the immunohistochemical expression of p53, p63, and p73 in different types of odontogenic cysts (OC), a group of common intraosseous jaw lesions, to provide a better understanding of p53-family functions in odontogenic lesions. We carried out immunohistochemical analysis to evaluate the expression of p53, p63, and p73 in 60 samples of OC, including dentigerous cysts, radicular cysts, orthokeratinized OC, and odontogenic keratocysts (OKC). The epithelial expression of p53-family members was evaluated both in the basal-parabasal and in the superficial layers, measuring the percentage of positive cells and the value of expression intensity. Read More

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December 2018

Portable, low-cost multispectral imaging system: design, development, validation, and utilization.

J Biomed Opt 2018 Dec;23(12):1-11

Tufts University, Biomedical Engineering, Medford, Massachusetts, United States.

Optical spectral images can be used to estimate the amount of bulk absorbers in tissues, specifically oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin, as well as scattering parameters. Most systems that capture spectral image data are large, heavy, and expensive. This paper presents a full end-to-end analysis of a low-cost reflectance-mode multispectral imaging system operating in the visible and near-infrared spectra. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

A new approach to lower eyelid-cheek junction rejuvenation.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Beijing Lomeye Cosmetic Surgery Clinic, Beijing, China.

Background: Anti-aging in lower eyelid-cheek junction area has always been the upmost widely sought of cosmetic surgery. Removal of orbital fat from inside or outside, removal of part of the skin or even the orbicularis muscle, superficial pull and deep fill and a series of surgical procedures like these have been or are becoming the mainstream of clinical practice. However, aging involves a variety of tissues and causes, which is a dynamic and continuous process. Read More

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December 2018
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Non-genetic and genetic predictors of a superficial first basal cell carcinoma.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: several observational studies have suggested differences in the risk factor profile between patients with superficial basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and non-superficial BCCs.

Objective: to test the reproducibility of previous study findings and to find new genetic and non-genetic predictors for patients with a superficial first BCC.

Methods: 14. Read More

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December 2018
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An original procedure for orbitonasal cutaneous infiltrative tumor repair, using combined forehead and melolabial propeller flaps.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institut Universitaire de la Face et du Cou, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de NICE, 31 Avenue de Valombrose, 06100, Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France.

Introduction: Resections of cutaneous tumors in the medial orbitonasal region can be transfixing. Repairs using a single local flap run the risk of failure and that of secondary sinonasal fistula, especially in cases of surgery on a radiated field. We propose an original and reliable repair procedure using two pedicled regional flaps vascularized by two distinct arterial systems clinched together to reconstruct the mucosal and cutaneous planes. Read More

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December 2018

Colo-Pro: a pilot randomised controlled trial to compare standard bolus-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis to bolus-continuous infusion-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis for the prevention of infections after colorectal surgery.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Old Medical School, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, LS1 3EX, UK.

Standard bolus-dosed antibiotic prophylaxis may not inhibit growth of antibiotic resistant colonic bacteria, a cause of SSIs after colorectal surgery. An alternative strategy is continuous administration of antibiotic throughout surgery, maintaining concentrations of antibiotics that inhibit growth of resistant bacteria. This study is a pilot comparing bolus-continuous infusion with bolus-dosed cefuroxime prophylaxis in colorectal surgery. Read More

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December 2018

[Immunoadsorption in dermatology].

Hautarzt 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Klinik für Dermatologie, Allergologie und Venerologie, Universität zu Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Lübeck, Deutschland.

Autoimmmune bullous diseases are mediated by pathogenetically relevant autoantibodies against components of the epidermis and/or superficial mucous membranes (in pemphigus) and structural proteins of the dermal-epidermal junction (in pemphigoid diseases). Using immunoadsorption (IA), an already well-established procedure in cardiac and rheumatic disorders, antibodies can be removed from the plasma. At present, most data on the adjuvant use of IA in dermatology are derived from patients with severe and/or refractory pemphigus vulgaris or pemphigus foliaceus and also from patients with pemphigoid diseases. Read More

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December 2018

Antifungal Activity of the Human Uterine Cervical Stem Cells Conditioned Medium (hUCESC-CM) Against and Other Medically Relevant Species of .

Front Microbiol 2018 21;9:2818. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Laboratorio de Micología Médica, UFI 11/25, Departamento de Inmunología, Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Medicina y Enfermería, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, Spain.

Candidiasis is a major cause of human morbidity and mortality. Human uterine cervical stem cells conditioned medium (hUCESC-CM) is obtained from stromal stem cells of the cervical transformation zone, which are in permanent contact with a wide array of potential vaginal pathogens. In previous reports we have found that hUCESC-CM has antitumor and antibacterial potential. Read More

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November 2018

[Treatment algorithm for non-melanoma skin cancer].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Nov;180(48)

Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common malignant neoplasms in Denmark. The majority of cases are basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). The choice of treatment depends on tumour, area, histology and patient-specific factors. Read More

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November 2018

Management of bacterial skin and skin structure infections with polymicrobial aetiology.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b AORN dei Colli Dept of Infectious Diseases , Naples , Italy .

Introduction: Skin and Soft Tissue Infections (SSTIs) are some of the most commonly occurring bacterial infections, with a wide range of possible aetiological pathogens and a considerable variety of clinical presentations and severity; from mild to severe life-threatening infections. Several classifications have been proposed based on a specific variable, such as anatomical localization, skin extension, progression rate, clinical presentation, severity and etiological agent. Areas covered: The last criteria allows the differentiation of SSTIs as mono-microbial and poly-microbial. Read More

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December 2018

Women's Reproductive History and Pre-Clinical Peripheral Arterial Disease in Late Life: The San Diego Population Study.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

5 Premier Applied Sciences, Premier, Inc., Charlotte, North Carolina.

Objective: Reproductive events have been linked with increased cardiovascular risk in women, but whether they are associated with pre-clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has been understudied. We evaluated associations between reproductive factors and later-life ankle-brachial index (ABI), femoral artery intima-media thickness (fIMT), and femoral plaques.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 707 multiethnic women who participated in a follow-up exam of the San Diego Population Study in 2007-2011. Read More

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December 2018

A new propeller trapezius muscle flap for reconstruction of posterior trunk defects: An anatomic study and report of three cases.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Reconstruction of complex back defects, especially after corrective spine surgery, is a challenging problem. In these patients hardware issues predominate and flap failure has serious consequences. Certain subunits of the back pose even greater problems, specifically the central region between T9 and T12. Read More

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December 2018

Complex abdominopelvic reconstruction by combined tensor fascia latae and superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flaps.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic Surgery and Burns, CHRU Rangueil, Toulouse, France.

Background: Extensive full thickness abdominopelvic defects pose a difficult challenge to surgeons. Autologous tissues are versatile and can provide a satisfying reconstructive option for this type of defects. The tensor fascia latae (TFL) and superficial circumflex iliac perforator (SCIP) flaps provide a large area of vascularized tissue and their use in reconstructive surgery is well-known. Read More

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December 2018

Feasibility of pedicled vascularized inguinal lymph node transfer in a mouse model: A preliminary study.

Microsurgery 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Purpose: Vascularized lymph node transfer is becoming more common in the treatment of lymphedema, but suitable small animal models for research are lacking. Here, we evaluated the feasibility of pedicled vascularized inguinal lymph node transfer in mice.

Methods: Twenty-five mice were used in the study. Read More

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December 2018

Microsurgical Replantation of Completely Avulsed Nasal Segment.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Harvard Integrated Plastic Surgery Program, Boston, MA.

Complete avulsion of the nose is a devastating injury that may result in permanent disfigurement. Microvascular reattachment is technically difficult due to small size of the injured vessels, associated avulsion or crush injury, and relative inability to achieve venous anastomosis. This report describes a successful case of microsurgical replantation of the distal third of the nose in a 47-year-old patient after a dog bite injury with the use of a superficial temporal vein graft for arterial repair and leeching for venous outflow. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of Ocular Perfusion in Alzheimer's Disease Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

J Alzheimers Dis 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Muenster Medical Center, Muenster, Germany.

Background: There is increasing evidence for the involvement of cerebrovascular factors in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Objective: To evaluate retinal and optic nerve head perfusion in patients with AD using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and to analyze the correlations of quantitative OCTA metrics with AD pathology and vascular cerebral lesions in AD patients.

Methods: 36 eyes of 36 patients with AD (study group) and 38 eyes of 38 healthy subjects (control group) were prospectively included in this study. Read More

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November 2018

Improvement in Recovery of Hemodynamic Responses by Extended Kalman Filter with Non-Linear State-Space Model and Short Separation Measurement.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to describe the noise reduction in the hemodynamic responses, obtained by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), using the proposed extended Kalman filter (EKF) with a non-linear state-space model, aided by the short separation (SS) measurement.

Methods: The authors used the simulated data by adding the synthetic hemodynamic response function (HRF) to the multi-distance four-channel fNIRS signals obtained during the resting state. EKF was used to estimate the non-linear state-space model designed based on Balloon model. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of 5 different scoring methods in the evaluation of inflammatory infiltration (tumor infiltrating lymphocytes - TILs) in superficial spreading and nodular melanoma.

Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Institute of Pathology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

The objective of our study is a comparison of five different scoring methods of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) assessment in a group of 213 cases of superficial spreading and nodular melanoma. The scoring methods include i) Clark scoring; ii) Melanoma Institute Australia system; iii) scoring system used in the study of Saldanha et al.; iv) scoring system used in the TCGA study and modified by Park et al. Read More

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December 2018

Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy: Shifting our attention to the macula.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Mar 13;13:13-15. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: Peripapillary vascular alterations have been classically described as hallmarks of Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON). We recently demonstrated microvascular pathology involving the macula in patients affected with chronic LHON using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Macular vascular pathology in acute LHON has not previously been reported. Read More

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March 2019
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Effect of Surgical-Site, Multimodal Drug Injection on Pain and Stress Biomarkers in Patients Undergoing Plate Fixation for Clavicular Fractures.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 21;10(4):455-461. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Background: Surgical-site, multimodal drug injection has recently evolved to be a safe and useful method for multimodal pain management even in patients with musculoskeletal trauma.

Methods: Fifty consecutive patients who underwent plating for mid-shaft and distal clavicular fractures were included in the study. To evaluate whether surgical-site injections (SIs) have pain management benefits, the patients were divided into two groups (SI and no-SI groups). Read More

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December 2018

Scalp replantation in a cervical spine injury patient: Lessons learnt.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):243-246

Department of Plastic Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Total scalp avulsion injury with cervical spine injury is rare. This article is to describe the technical difficulties and precautions to be taken during anatomical replantation. The patients with cervical spine injury should not be considered as an absolute contraindication for anatomical replant if patients are fit for general anaesthesia. Read More

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December 2018

An important superficial vein of the radial aspect of the forearm: An anatomical study.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):231-234

Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Introduction: The superficial veins of upper limbs are seldom talked about. They are always avoided quoting them to be variable in anatomy. Other than the cephalic and basilic veins, no other superficial vein has caught the eyes of anatomists and other health professionals significantly. Read More

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December 2018

Analysis of Immunologic Function Changes in Lichen Planus After Clinical Treatment.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 2;24:8716-8721. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University of Engineering, Handan, Hebei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Lichen planus (LP) is a common chronic superficial skin lesion that causes chronic or sub-acute inflammatory disorders. LP can affect the oral cavity, skin, mucous membrane, and other body parts, and features include repeat attacks and long duration, leading to lower quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the changes of immunologic function before and after treatment of LP. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Three dimensional tumor-margin demarcation using the hybrid tracer indocyanine green-Tc-nanocolloid, a proof of concept study in tongue cancer patients scheduled for sentinel node biopsy.

J Nucl Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands.

For radical resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, a tumor free margin of at least 5 mm is required. Unfortunately, establishing in-depth margins is a surgical conundrum. Knowing the hybrid sentinel node (SN) tracer indocyanine green (ICG)-Tc-nanocolloid generates temporary tattoo-like markings at the site of administration, we studied the ability of applying this tracer for tumor-margin demarcation combined with SN biopsy. Read More

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November 2018

Dural arteriovenous fistula mimicking temporal arteritis.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Nov 26;176:44-46. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Malaysia.

Introduction: Dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) is a very rare disease characterized by an abnormal vascular communication between arteries and veins in dural mater. It frequently presents with intracranial haemorrhage. Common presenting symptoms are headache and seizures. Read More

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November 2018

Compartimental harvesting of dual lymph node flap from the right supraclavicular area for the treatment of lower extremity lymphedema: A case series.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centre for Surgical Treatment of Lymphedema, Università Cattolica del "Sacro Cuore" - Fondazione Policlinico "A. Gemelli" IRCSS - Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00169 Rome, Italy.

Background: We report our clinical experience of a supraclavicular lymph node flap (LNF) using a novel method of harvesting based on the compartimental lymphatic and vascular anatomy of the right posterior neck triangle, which allows to harvest two independent LNFs from the same donor site.

Patients And Methods: We report a case series of 10 consecutive patients affected by cancer-related lower extremity lymphedema, who underwent compartimental dual LNF transfer from the right supraclavicular area to the affected lower limb, from August 2015 to March 2017. The superficial compartment flap (venous flap along the external jugular vein) was anastomosed in a flow-through fashion along the course of the great saphenous vein in the knee region, whereas the deep compartment flap (transverse cervical artery/vein flap) was anastomosed in an end-to-end fashion to the medial sural artery and comitantes vein. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Complications Associated With Medial Opening-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Using a Locking Plate: A Multicenter Study.

J Arthroplasty 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The aim of this study is to investigate complications following medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy using a locking plate. In addition, we aimed to compare postoperative outcomes between the complicated and the uncomplicated group.

Methods: This study enrolled 209 patients who underwent medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy between 2010 and 2015. Read More

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November 2018

Immunohistochemical localization of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms in epidermis and gill epithelium of an angler catfish, Chaca chaca (Siluriformes, Chacidae).

Tissue Cell 2018 Dec 26;55:25-30. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The present study is concerned with the expression and localization of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms, nNOS, eNOS and iNOS in the epidermis and the gill epithelium of Chaca chaca by means of immunohistochemical techniques. nNOS immunoreactivity was observed in the outer layer epithelial cells of the epidermis, outer epithelium of gill filaments at their distal regions and in between the secondary lamellae. iNOS positive cells were observed at intervals in the epidermis from basal layer to superficial layer, in outer layers of epithelium of the gill filament and in epithelium of the secondary lamellae. Read More

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December 2018

WIRION EPS filter with jetstream atherectomy of femoropopliteal arterial disease: A single center experience.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Midwest Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Davenport, IA, United States of America.

Background: The WIRION EPS filter was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used in conjunction with all atherectomy devices when treating infrainguinal peripheral arterial disease. The safety of this filter with Jetstream atherectomy (JA) in a real world setting remains unclear.

Methods: Consecutive patients from the practice of one operator who underwent JA under WIRION EPS when treating femoropopliteal arteries were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Read More

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November 2018

Superficial keratectomy: indications and outcomes.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 4;53(6):553-559. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.. Electronic address:

Introduction: To evaluate the indications and outcomes of manual blade superficial keratectomy STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, consecutive case series METHODS: Database search of patients from 2012-2017 who underwent superficial keratectomy was conducted at a tertiary care hospital cornea clinic. Charts of 121 patients (156 eyes) were reviewed who had at least 4 weeks of follow-up and both preoperative and postoperative measurements of best-corrected visual acuity or corneal cylinder. Outcome measures included: patient demographics, surgical indication, prior ocular history, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) changes, corneal and refractive astigmatism changes, recurrence of pathology, additional treatments required, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Read More

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December 2018

Keratinization and mucogenesis in the epidermis of an angler catfish Chaca chaca (Siluriformes, Chacidae): A Histochemical and fluorescence microscope investigation.

Zoology (Jena) 2018 Dec 11;131:10-19. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The present study describes keratinization and mucogenesis in the epidermis of an angler catfish Chaca chaca, using a series of immunochemical, fluorescence and histochemical methods. The epidermis is primarily mucogenic and shows characteristic specialised structures at irregular intervals. These structures are identified keratinized in nature. Read More

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December 2018

Changes in Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer Thickness and Retinal Microvasculature in Hypertension: An OCT Angiography Study.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate retinal blood flow in patients with hypertension using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and the relationship between blood flow metrics and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness.

Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional study.

Methods: A total of 201 eyes from 117 healthy subjects and 84 hypertensive patients without any ocular abnormalities were included. Read More

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November 2018

A prospective Study on Femoral Hernia Repair: Is the Inguinal Better Than The Infrainguinal Approach?

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 19;233:420-425. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Hernia Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Femoral hernia repair has various surgical methods. However, controversy still exists regarding the best method for management. This study aimed to compare the infrainguinal with the inguinal approach in the treatment of femoral hernias. Read More

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January 2019

Endoluminal Atherosclerotic Plaque Debulking Using Enzymatic and Ultrasonic Energy.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 6;233:335-344. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Electronic address:

Background: Current procedures to treat severe atherosclerosis are traumatic to the arterial wall and often result in restenosis due to neointimal hyperplasia. We developed a novel therapy using a specially designed double occlusion balloon catheter, ultrasonic wire, and enzymatic digestion solution to atraumatically debulk atherosclerotic plaques.

Materials And Methods: A combination of different enzymes, chemicals, and treatment conditions were evaluated for its effect at reducing atherosclerotic plaque harvested from human carotid artery endarterectomies ex vivo. Read More

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January 2019

Interrelationship of cartilage composition and chondrocyte mechanics after a partial meniscectomy in the rabbit knee joint - Experimental and numerical analysis.

J Biomech 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio FI-70211, Finland.

Site-specific and depth-dependent properties of cartilage were implemented within a finite element (FE) model to determine if compositional or structural changes in the tissue could explain site-specific alterations of chondrocyte deformations due to cartilage loading in rabbit knee joints 3 days after a partial meniscectomy (PM). Depth-dependent proteoglycan (PG) content, collagen content and collagen orientation in the cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM), and PG content in the pericellular matrix (PCM) were assessed with microscopic and spectroscopic methods. Patellar, femoral groove and samples from both the lateral and medial compartments of the femoral condyle and tibial plateau were extracted from healthy controls and from the partial meniscectomy group. Read More

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November 2018

The Miller Range 090340 and 090206 Meteorites: Identification of New Brachinite-Like Achondrites with Implications for the Diversity and Petrogenesis of the Brachinite Clan.

Meteorit Planet Sci 2017 May 19;52(5):949-978. Epub 2017 May 19.

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Rd, Piscataway NJ 08854 USA.

Miller Range (MIL) 090340 and MIL 090206 are olivine-rich achondrites originally classified as ureilites. We investigate their petrography, mineral compositions, olivine Cr valences, equilibration temperatures, and (for MIL 090340) oxygen isotope compositions, and compare them with ureilites and other olivine-rich achondrites. We conclude that they are brachinite-like achondrites that provide new insights into the petrogenesis of brachinite clan meteorites. Read More

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[Invasive Fusariosis: Report of Three Cases in Peru].

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 2018 Jul-Sep;35(3):523-526

Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara. Lima, Perú.

Fusarium species are a group of fungi that cause superficial infections, locally invasive and disseminated disease, which occur mainly in immunocompromised hosts, and occasionally in immunocompetent individuals. We present three cases that show three different clinical forms of Fusarium spp. disease that affected different types of patients (patients with hematological malignancy, chronic kidney disease in peritoneal dialysis and post-surgical for osteoarticular pathology), each with its own characteristics that merit discussion. Read More

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October 2017
1 Read

Survival, Reasons for Failure and Clinical Characteristics of Anterior/Posterior Composites: 8-Year Findings.

Braz Dent J 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):547-554

Graduate Program in Dentistry, UFSM - Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

This retrospective study aimed to compare the annual failure rate (AFR), reasons for failure and factors influencing survival of posterior and anterior composite restorations placed by undergraduate students. Composite restorations placed by undergraduate students were evaluated. The restorations should be in occlusion, with at least one adjacent tooth; and patients should have been present for check-up, with at least 1 annual recall. Read More

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Near-infrared Fluorescent Peptides with High Tumor Selectivity: Novel Probes for Image-Guided Surgical Resection of Orthotopic Glioma.

Mol Pharm 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The complete excision of glioblastomas with maximal retention of surrounding normal tissues can significantly improve patient prognosis. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) optical imaging of the tumor vasculature offers a non-invasive method for detection of early-stage glioblastoma and efficient monitoring of therapeutic responses. The aim of this study was to develop a novel NIRF imaging probe as a visualization tool for image-guided surgical resection of orthotopic glioblastoma. Read More

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December 2018

Association between treatment of superficial bladder cancer and 10-year mortality in older adults with multiple chronic conditions.

Authors:
Richard T Bryan

Cancer 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Bladder Cancer Research Group, Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

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December 2018

Rationale for Study of the Deep Subfascial Lymphatic Vessels During Lymphoscintigraphy for the Diagnosis of Peripheral Lymphedema.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: The current study aimed to determine the utility of including the study of deep subfascial lymphatic vessels in a 2-compartment lymphoscintigraphy for the diagnosis of lymphedema in patients with limb swelling. Lymphoscintigraphy is a valuable imaging tool for the timely diagnosis of peripheral lymphedema. However, there is a lack of standardization in its application, especially regarding which type of lymphatic vessels to examine (superficial, deep, or both). Read More

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December 2018

Primary Angiosarcoma of the Cervix: Case Report of a Rare Lesion.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport (V.I.S., I.W.T.) Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff (G.L.R.) Department of Musculoskeletal Pathology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (V.P.S.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast (W.G.M.), UK.

Angiosarcomas of the female genital tract are rare and primary angiosarcoma of the cervix is extremely rare with only one prior case report. We report a case of a primary cervical angiosarcoma in a 43-yr-old woman who presented with heavy vaginal bleeding. Cervical biopsy and subsequent radical hysterectomy showed a malignant vascular tumor which was composed of spindled and epithelioid cells and formed abortive vascular channels. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System: Neurotological Findings Related to Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Objective: To compare the neurotological results of five patients suffering from progressive hearing loss and ataxia due to superficial siderosis (SS) with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.

Study Design: Retrospective case review.

Setting: Primary and hospital care center. Read More

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December 2018
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Revascularization of superficial femoral artery due to chronic total occlusion: Collateral approach.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2018 Dec;46(8):714-717

Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Endovascular interventions are now used more frequently in the treatment of femoropopliteal occlusions, and antegrade passage through the occlusion is preferred as the first option. However, when antegrade passage fails for any of several reasons, retrograde, or less frequently, collateral passage may be used. Although collateral passage may present serious complications, it can be successfully applied in selected cases in experienced centers. Read More

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December 2018