157 results match your criteria Superficial Heat and Cold


Deep continuous theta burst stimulation of the operculo-insular cortex selectively affects Aδ-fibre heat pain.

J Physiol 2018 Oct 4;596(19):4767-4787. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Institute of Neuroscience (IONS) Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium.

Key Points: Deep continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) of the right operculo-insular cortex delivered with a double cone coil selectively impairs the ability to perceive thermonociceptive input conveyed by Aδ-fibre thermonociceptors without concomitantly affecting the ability to perceive innocuous warm, cold or vibrotactile sensations. Unlike deep cTBS, superficial cTBS of the right operculum delivered with a figure-of-eight coil does not affect the ability to perceive thermonociceptive input conveyed by Aδ-fibre thermonociceptors. The effect of deep operculo-insular cTBS on the perception of Aδ-fibre input was present at both the contralateral and the ipsilateral hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP276359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166055PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Mechanical/thermal sensitivity and superficial temperature in the stump of long-term tail-docked dairy cows.

PeerJ 2018 18;6:e5213. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Veterinary Clinical Sciences Department, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

Background: Tail docking of dairy cows is a painful procedure that affects animal welfare level. The aims of this study were first to evaluate the response to mechanical and thermal stimulation, and second to determine the superficial temperature of the stump of tail-docked dairy cows.

Methods: One hundred and sixty-four dairy cows were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6054783PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Analysis of the distribution of spinal NOP receptors in a chronic pain model using NOP-eGFP knock-in mice.

Br J Pharmacol 2018 Jul 6;175(13):2662-2675. Epub 2018 May 6.

Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, Port St. Lucie, FL, 34987, USA.

Background And Purpose: The nociceptin/orphanin FQ opioid peptide (NOP) receptor system plays a significant role in the regulation of pain. This system functions differently in the spinal cord and brain. The mechanism by which the NOP receptor agonists regulate pain transmission in these regions is not clearly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.14225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003644PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Effects of superficial heating and insulation on walking speed in people with hereditary and spontaneous spastic paraparesis: A randomised crossover study.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Mar 11;61(2):72-77. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

School of Health Professions, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University, Peninsula Allied Health Centre, Derriford Road, Plymouth, PL6 8BH, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Cooling of the lower limb in people with Hereditary and Spontaneous Spastic Paraparesis (pwHSSP) has been shown to affect walking speed and neuromuscular impairments. The investigation of practical strategies, which may help to alleviate these problems is important. The potential of superficial heat to improve walking speed has not been explored in pwHSSP. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18770657173045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2017.12.001DOI Listing
March 2018
14 Reads

The effect of self-administered superficial local hot and cold application methods on pain, functional status and quality of life in primary knee osteoarthritis patients.

J Clin Nurs 2017 Dec 10;26(23-24):5179-5190. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Aims And Objectives: To investigate the effect of the self-administered superficial local hot and cold applications on pain, and the functional status and the quality of life in primary knee osteoarthritis patients.

Background: Superficial local hot and cold application is used as a nonpharmacological method for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. However, various guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis have conflicting recommendation for hot and cold therapy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocn.14070
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14070DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Semi-intact ex vivo approach to investigate spinal somatosensory circuits.

Elife 2016 12 19;5. Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Department of Neurobiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States.

The somatosensory input that gives rise to the perceptions of pain, itch, cold and heat are initially integrated in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Here, we describe a new approach to investigate these neural circuits in mouse. This semi-intact somatosensory preparation enables recording from spinal output neurons, while precisely controlling somatosensory input, and simultaneously manipulating specific populations of spinal interneurons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.22866DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5214752PMC
December 2016
10 Reads

Exploration of conditioned pain modulation effect on long-term potentiation-like pain amplification in humans.

Eur J Pain 2017 04 20;21(4):645-657. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Department of Health Science and Technology, Center for Neuroplasticity and Pain (CNAP), SMI, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Background: This study aimed to explore conditioned pain modulation (CPM) effect on long-term potentiation (LTP)-like pain amplification induced by cutaneous 10-Hz conditioning electrical stimulation (CES).

Methods: Conditioned pain modulation was induced by cold pressor conditioning stimulus (CPCS) (4 °C) which was applied immediately before CES in the active session. In the control session, water with a temperature of 32 °C was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.968DOI Listing
April 2017
6 Reads

Correlations Between the Autolytic Changes and Postmortem Interval in Refrigerated Cadavers.

Rom J Intern Med 2016 Apr-Jun;54(2):105-12

Introduction: In forensic pathology the autolytic process has been observed and documented in order to determine the postmortem interval as accurately as possible. The observation and experiments have been carried out on cadavers exposed to environmental conditions - heat, humidity, air currents, soil, water.

Methods: For this study hematoxylin and eosin (HE) stained sections of organ samples from 30 autopsied bodies were examined under the microscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/rjim-2016-0012DOI Listing
September 2016
50 Reads

Superficial warming and cooling of the leg affects walking speed and neuromuscular impairments in people with spastic paraparesis.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2016 Dec 1;59(5-6):326-332. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

School of Health Professions, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University, Devon PL6 8BH, United Kingdom.

Background: People with hereditary and spontaneous spastic paraparesis (HSSP) report that their legs are stiffer and walking is slower when their legs are cold.

Objectives: This study explored the effects of prolonged superficial cooling and warming of the lower leg on walking speed and local measures of neuromuscular impairments.

Methods: This was a randomised pre- and post-intervention study of 22 HSSP participants and 19 matched healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2016.04.006DOI Listing
December 2016
60 Reads

High-Concentration L-Menthol Exhibits Counter-Irritancy to Neurogenic Inflammation, Thermal and Mechanical Hyperalgesia Caused by Trans-cinnamaldehyde.

J Pain 2016 08 31;17(8):919-29. Epub 2016 May 31.

Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address:

Unlabelled: The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M 8 (TRPM8) agonist L-menthol has been used traditionally for its topical counterirritant properties. Although the use of topical L-menthol for pain is casuistically established, evidence regarding its efficacy is negligible. This study aimed to characterize the effect of L-menthol as a counterirritant on cutaneous pain and hyperalgesia provoked by topical application of the transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily A, member 1 (TRPA1) agonist trans-cinnamaldehyde (CA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2016.05.004DOI Listing
August 2016
14 Reads

Arterio-venous anastomoses in the human skin and their role in temperature control.

Authors:
Lars Walløe

Temperature (Austin) 2016 Jan-Mar;3(1):92-103. Epub 2015 Oct 12.

Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo , Oslo, Norway.

Arterio-venous anastomoses (AVAs) are direct connections between small arteries and small veins. In humans they are numerous in the glabrous skin of the hands and feet. The AVAs are short vessel segments with a large inner diameter and a very thick muscular wall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2015.1088502DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4861183PMC
May 2016
4 Reads

A vibration-based approach to quantifying the dynamic elastance of the superficial arterial wall.

Biomed Eng Online 2016 Apr 16;15:40. Epub 2016 Apr 16.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, 8, Yida Rd., Yanchao District, Kaohsiung, 82445, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: The purpose of this study is to propose a novel method for assessing dynamic elastance of the superficial arterial wall using the sinusoidal minute vibration method.

Methods: A sinusoidal signal was used to drive a vibrator which induced a displacement of 0.15 mm with a frequency range between 40 and 85 Hz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12938-016-0147-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4833919PMC
April 2016
11 Reads

Infantile hemangioma status by dynamic infrared thermography: A preliminary study.

Int J Dermatol 2016 Oct 8;55(10):e522-32. Epub 2016 Apr 8.

Skin Sciences Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are initially warm due to increased proliferation and perfusion then involute with apoptosis and reduced perfusion. Objective quantitative evaluation of IH treatment response is essential for improving outcomes. We applied a functional imaging method, dynamic infrared (IR) thermography, to investigate IH status versus control skin and over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5026852PMC
October 2016
7 Reads

[Characteristics and clinical application of the arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2015 Nov;35(11):1137-9

The characteristics and clinical application of the arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion was discussed in this paper. Through literature research and clinical practice, three aspects, including characteristics of arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion, the clinical basis regarding arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion improving therapeutic effects and how to acquire arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion, were discussed to clarify the essential role of arrival of qi in suspended moxibustion as well as its importance to the development of moxibustion medicine. The suspended moxibustion at acupoints could produce arrival of qi similar to acupuncture, which was characterized as non-local or non-superficial heat sensation such as penetrating heat, expanding heat, transmitting heat, even non-hot sensation such as aching, numbing, distending, painful, heavy, cold sensation in the applied region. Read More

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November 2015
3 Reads

Re: Don't dive cold when you don't have to.

Authors:
Neal W Pollock

Diving Hyperb Med 2015 Sep;45(3):209

Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center and Divers Alert Network, Durham NC, USA, E-mail:

The letter by Clarke et al unfortunately misrepresents the work at the US Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU) to which it refers, and delivers a confused picture of the physiological impact of thermal status on decompression stress. A series of earlier reports outline the importance of thermal status. Being warm during a dive results in higher post-dive Doppler bubble scores. Read More

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September 2015
12 Reads

[A randomized, placebo controlled study on Fangfeng Tongsheng granule in treatment of sub-acute eczema].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2015 Apr;40(7):1415-8

The clinical study was conducted to further evaluation the effectiveness and safety of Fangfeng Tongsheng granule in the treatment of sub-acute eczema (superficial cold and interior heat syndrome, exterior and interior sthenic syndrome). In the block randomized, multi-centered study, totally 108 patients were enrolled and assigned to two groups: 72 patients in the test group and 36 patients in the placebo control group. Those in the test group took Fangfeng Tongsheng granule with the dose of 3 g, twice a day, while those in the control group were give simulated agent granules with the same dose. Read More

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April 2015
18 Reads

Effects of Simulated Heat Waves with Strong Sudden Cooling Weather on ApoE Knockout Mice.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015 May 26;12(6):5743-57. Epub 2015 May 26.

National Meteorological Centre, 46 Zhongguancun South Street, Beijing 100081, China.

This study analyzes the mechanism of influence of heat waves with strong sudden cooling on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in ApoE-/- mice. The process of heat waves with strong sudden cooling was simulated with a TEM1880 meteorological-environment simulation chamber according to the data obtained at 5 a.m. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120605743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4483669PMC
May 2015
5 Reads

[Angioedema and urticaria].

Ann Dermatol Venereol 2014 Nov;141 Suppl 3:S586-95

Centre national de référence des angioedèmes (CREAK), CHU de Grenoble, Hôpital Nord, Boulevard de la Chantourne, 38700 La Tronche, France; Clinique universitaire de médecine interne, Pôle pluridisciplinaire de médecine, CHU de Grenoble - Hôpital Albert Michallon, BP 217, Boulevard de la Chantourne, 38043 Grenoble cedex 9, France.

Angiœdema (AE) is the clinical expression of urticaria (U) which occurs when urticaria is located within the subcutis. It is a syndrome characterized by a sudden and limited subcutaneous and/or submucous swelling. The updated classification of urticaria distinguishes acute and chronic urticaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0151-9638(14)70162-0DOI Listing
November 2014
12 Reads

Physical agent modalities in physical therapy and rehabilitation of small animals.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2015 Jan;45(1):29-44

Section for Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Small Animal Surgery, Department for Small Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Wien A-1210, Austria.

Physical agent modalities can be effective components of the overall rehabilitation of small animals. This article reviews the effects, indications, contraindications, and precautions of cold, superficial heat, therapeutic ultrasound, and electrical stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2014.09.002DOI Listing
January 2015
14 Reads

Changes in femoral artery blood flow during thermoneutral, cold, and contrast-water therapy.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2015 Jul-Aug;55(7-8):768-75. Epub 2014 Oct 10.

EA3920 Marqueurs Pronostiques et Facteurs de Régulations des Pathologies Cardiaques et Vasculaires, Plateforme Exercice Performance Santé Innovation, SFR FED 4234, Franche‑Comté University, Besançon, France -

Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in femoral artery blood flow during cold water immersion (CWI), contrast water therapy (CWT) and thermoneutral water immersion (TWI).

Methods: Ten athletes came to the laboratory three times, to complete a 20-min procedure in upright position: 4 min in air (baseline), then 16-min full leg TWI (~35 °C), CWI (~12 °C) or CWT (2:2 ~12 °C to ~35 °C) min ratio, in a random order. Blood flow was measured every 2 min: baseline (i. Read More

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February 2016
4 Reads

Comparative study of temporary effect on the water content at different depths of the skin by hot and cold moisturizing formulations.

Skin Res Technol 2015 Aug 14;21(3):265-71. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

Innovation and Development Centre, Belcorp, Tocancipá, Colombia.

Background: Researchers have studied the water content at different skin depths. Since skin differs among tissue depth, we sought to determine the depth variability of the water content after moisturizing formulation application. Furthermore, we compared the effects of formulations with different type of manufacturing processes (hot and cold process). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12185DOI Listing
August 2015
4 Reads

Nonpharmaceutical approaches to pain management.

Authors:
Lisa Corti

Top Companion Anim Med 2014 Mar 5;29(1):24-8. Epub 2014 Apr 5.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center, Massachusetts Veterinary Referral Hospital, IVG Hospitals, Inc, Woburn, MA, USA. Electronic address:

A nonpharmaceutical approach to managing pain is one that does not employ a medication. The use of such approaches, in conjunction with pharmaceuticals as part of multimodal methods to managing pain, is becoming more popular as evidence is emerging to support their use. Cold therapy, for one, is used to reduce the inflammation and tissue damage seen in acute injuries and can be very effective at reducing acute pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2014.04.001DOI Listing
March 2014
4 Reads

[Treatment of upper respiratory infection by fangfeng tongsheng granule: a randomized controlled study].

Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 2013 Oct;33(10):1328-31

Urgent-care Centre, Yantai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 264000, China.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of Fangfeng Tongsheng Granule (FTG) in the treatment of upper respiratory infection (superficial cold and interior heat syndrome, exterior and interior excess syndrome).

Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, multi-centered, placebo-parallel-controlled clinical trial was adopted. Totally 324 patients were enrolled and assigned to two groups, 216 patients in the treatment group and 108 patients in the control group. Read More

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October 2013
7 Reads

Thermoregulatory, cardiovascular, and perceptual responses to intermittent cooling during exercise in a hot, humid outdoor environment.

J Strength Cond Res 2014 Mar;28(3):792-806

1Athletic Training Education Program, College of Educational Studies, Chapman University, Orange, California; 2Dellarmine College Preparatory, San Jose, California; and 3Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Decreasing core body temperature during exercise may improve exercise tolerance, facilitate acclimatization, and prevent heat illness during summer training. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of intermittent superficial cooling on thermoregulatory, cardiovascular, and perceptual responses during exercise in a hot humid environment. We used a randomized, counterbalanced, repeated measures investigation with 2 conditions (control and cooling) during exercise and recovery outdoors on artificial turf in a hot, humid tropical climate in the sun (wet bulb globe temperature outdoors [WBGTo], 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a20f57DOI Listing
March 2014
8 Reads

[Analysis of associated rules between Chinese medical syndrome typing features of epigastric pain and endoscopic features].

Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 2013 Mar;33(3):303-6

Department of Gastroenterology, Liuan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Anhui 237006, China.

Objective: To explore Chinese medical syndrome typing features of epigastric pain and its association with gastroscopic manifestations.

Methods: Using associated rules data mining method, an analysis study was performed in 234 patients with epigastric pain by combining holistic Chinese medical syndrome typing and results of gastroscopic examinations.

Results: Pi-Wei deficiency cold syndrome (PWDCS) was associated with pale gastric mucosa, or superficial ulcers accompained with unobvious redness and swelling. Read More

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March 2013
7 Reads

Evaluation of bovine and human teeth exposed to thermocycling for microleakage under bonded metal brackets.

J Orofac Orthop 2013 Mar 7;74(2):102-12. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Policlinic of Orthodontics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Introduction: Bovine teeth are commonly used as substitutes for human teeth in scientific investigations. The present study was performed in vitro with the objective of comparing bovine and human enamel subjected to thermocycling for microleakage beneath metal brackets.

Materials And Methods: A total of 50 bovine and human teeth (25 per group) void of defects or carious decay were extracted and stored in chloramine B (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00056-012-0123-yDOI Listing
March 2013
10 Reads

The modality-specific contribution of peptidergic and non-peptidergic nociceptors is manifest at the level of dorsal horn nociresponsive neurons.

J Physiol 2013 Feb 24;591(4):1097-110. Epub 2012 Dec 24.

Department of Anatomy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

We previously demonstrated that genetic and/or pharmacological ablation of the TRPV1+/peptidergic or the MrgprD+/non-peptidergic subset of nociceptors produced selective, modality-specific deficits in the behavioural responses to heat and mechanical stimuli, respectively. To assess whether this modality-specific contribution is also manifest at the level of spinal cord neuron responsiveness, here we made extracellular recordings from lumbar dorsal horn neurons of the mouse in response to graded thermal and mechanical stimulation. We found that, following intrathecal injection of capsaicin to eliminate the central terminals of TRPV1+ nociceptors, neurons in the region of laminae I and V of the spinal cord lost responsiveness to noxious heat (whether generated by a contact heat probe or diode laser), with no change in their response to noxious mechanical stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2012.242115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3591717PMC
February 2013
7 Reads

Effects of intravenous propranolol on heat pain sensitivity in healthy men.

Eur J Pain 2013 May 16;17(5):704-13. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Alan Edwards Centre for Research on Pain, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Clinical studies have shown opioid-sparing effects of β-adrenergic antagonists perioperatively and β-blockers are being investigated for chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the direct analgesic effects of β-blockers have rarely been examined in healthy humans.

Methods: In a randomized, counter-balanced, double-blind, within-subject crossover design, we tested the effect of the lipophilic β-blocker propranolol (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00231.xDOI Listing
May 2013
6 Reads

First-aid with warm water delays burn progression and increases skin survival.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2013 Feb 9;66(2):260-6. Epub 2012 Oct 9.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, and Division of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: First aid treatment for thermal injuries with cold water removes heat and decreases inflammation. However, perfusion in the ischemic zone surrounding the coagulated core can be compromised by cold-induced vasoconstriction and favor burn progression. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of local warming on burn progression in the rat comb burn model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2012.09.014DOI Listing
February 2013
5 Reads

Superficial cooling does not decrease core body temperature before, during, or after exercise in an American football uniform.

J Strength Cond Res 2012 Dec;26(12):3432-40

Department of Orthopedics & Sports Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.

The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of superficial cooling on thermoregulatory responses while exercising in a hot humid environment while wearing an American football uniform. Nine male and female subjects wore a superficial cooling garment while in a cooling (CS) experimental condition or a no cooling (NCS) control condition during an exercise task consisting of warm-up (WU), exercise (EX), and recovery (R). The exercise task simulated an American football conditioning session with subjects wearing a full American football uniform and performing anaerobic and aerobic exercises in a hot humid environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182736e5bDOI Listing
December 2012
6 Reads

Neuropeptide Y receptor-expressing dorsal horn neurons: role in nocifensive reflex and operant responses to aversive cold after CFA inflammation.

Neuroscience 2012 Aug 21;216:158-66. Epub 2012 Apr 21.

Lab of Experimental Neurology, Neurology Service, Veterans Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN 37212-2637, USA.

The spinal Neuropeptide Y (NPY) system is a potential target for development of new pain therapeutics. NPY and two of its receptors (Y1 and Y2) are found in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord, a key area of nociceptive gating and modulation. Lumbar intrathecal injection of (NPY) is antinociceptive, reducing hyper-reflexia to thermal and mechanical stimulation, particularly after nerve injury and inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.04.006DOI Listing
August 2012
5 Reads

Contact-free inactivation of Candida albicans biofilms by cold atmospheric air plasma.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2012 Jun 30;78(12):4242-7. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Department of Dermatology, Regensburg University Hospital, Regensburg, Germany.

Candida albicans is one of the main species able to form a biofilm on almost any surface, causing both skin and superficial mucosal infections. The worldwide increase in antifungal resistance has led to a decrease in the efficacy of standard therapies, prolonging treatment time and increasing health care costs. Therefore, the aim of this work was to demonstrate the applicability of atmospheric plasma at room temperature for inactivating C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.07235-11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3370520PMC
June 2012
10 Reads

Pain processing by spinal microcircuits: afferent combinatorics.

Curr Opin Neurobiol 2012 Aug 10;22(4):631-9. Epub 2012 Mar 10.

Department of Neurobiology and the Pittsburgh Center for Pain Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Pain, itch, heat, cold, and touch represent different percepts arising from somatosensory input. How stimuli give rise to these percepts has been debated for over a century. Recent work supports the view that primary afferents are highly specialized to transduce and encode specific stimulus modalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2012.02.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3388176PMC
August 2012
4 Reads

Net superoxide levels: steeper increase with activity in cooler female and hotter male lizards.

J Exp Biol 2012 Mar;215(Pt 5):731-5

University of Sydney School of Biological Sciences, Heydon-Lawrence Building, NSW 2006, Australia.

Ectotherms increase their body temperature in response to ambient heat, thereby elevating their metabolic rate. An often inferred consequence of this is an overall upregulation of gene expression and energetic expenditure, and a concomitant increased production of reactive oxygen species (e.g. Read More

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http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/doi/10.1242/jeb.062257
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.062257DOI Listing
March 2012
8 Reads

The utilization of infrared imaging for occupational disease study in industrial work.

Work 2012 ;41 Suppl 1:503-9

Postgraduate Program in Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Infrared imaging has been used to visualize superficial temperatures in industrial employers standing and working in an indoor environment at 22°C. Temperature distributions and changes have been recorded digitally and analyzed. Mean skin temperatures determined by this method have been compared with superficial temperatures obtained with a probe thermocouple. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-0203-503DOI Listing
March 2014
19 Reads

Functional properties of tooth pulp neurons responding to thermal stimulation.

J Dent Res 2012 Apr 17;91(4):401-6. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Department of Oral Physiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, 188-1 Sam Deok 2ga, Chung-gu, Daegu, Korea.

The response properties of tooth pulp neurons that respond to noxious thermal stimulation of the dental pulp have been not well-studied. The present study was designed to characterize the response properties of tooth pulp neurons to noxious thermal stimulation of the dental pulp. Experiments were conducted on 25 male ferrets, and heat stimulation was applied by a computer-controlled thermode. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022034511435703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3310754PMC
April 2012
4 Reads

Sub-typing of rheumatic diseases based on a systems diagnosis questionnaire.

PLoS One 2011 16;6(9):e24846. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Division of Analytical Biosciences, LACDR, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: The future of personalized medicine depends on advanced diagnostic tools to characterize responders and non-responders to treatment. Systems diagnosis is a new approach which aims to capture a large amount of symptom information from patients to characterize relevant sub-groups.

Methodology: 49 patients with a rheumatic disease were characterized using a systems diagnosis questionnaire containing 106 questions based on Chinese and Western medicine symptoms. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0024846PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3174973PMC
January 2012
14 Reads

[Non-pharmacologic measures in pain therapy. Application in 25 German hospitals].

Schmerz 2011 Sep;25(5):516-21

Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität, Institut für Pflegewissenschaft, Strubergasse 21, 5020, Salzburg, Österreich.

Background: The application of non-pharmacologic therapy (NPT) within pain therapy increases patient satisfaction and is, in addition to pharmacologic methods, recommended in the National Expert Standard on Pain Management in Nursing of the German Network of Quality Development in Nursing. If and to what extent non-pharmacologic methods are applied within pain therapy in German hospitals has as yet been unknown.

Materials And Methods: Within the project "Pain-Free Hospital" 2,840 nurses in 25 hospitals were interviewed via questionnaire forms and oral interviews about the use of NPT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00482-011-1089-1DOI Listing
September 2011
5 Reads

Responses to superficial heating and cooling differ in men and women with knee osteoarthritis.

Physiother Theory Pract 2012 Apr 8;28(3):198-205. Epub 2011 Aug 8.

Human Performance Laboratory and Physical Therapy Program, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA.

This investigation assessed differences between the response of men and women with knee osteoarthritis to superficial heat, cold, or contrast therapy applied with a water-circulating system or a standard heating pad, and rest. We further analyzed data from a previous study to better understand the influence of gender on the response to treatment based on Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subscales and a visual analog pain scale (VAS). Using a within-subject, randomized order design, 34 patients received each treatment in 1-week blocks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09593985.2011.586097DOI Listing
April 2012
5 Reads

A questionnaire survey of UK physiotherapists on the diagnosis and management of contracted (frozen) shoulder.

Physiotherapy 2011 Jun 3;97(2):115-25. Epub 2010 Nov 3.

Health & Social Care Institute, School of Health & Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BA, UK.

Objective: To gain insights into the diagnosis and management of contracted (frozen) shoulder (CFS) in a sample of UK physiotherapists, underpinning the development of evidence-based clinical guidelines.

Methods: An anonymous online questionnaire was developed and distributed via iCSP, targeting physiotherapists who treat CFS. For treatments, respondents were invited to consider 'pain-predominant' and 'stiffness-predominant' scenarios, choose from listed treatment options, and specify any unlisted conservative options they might consider. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2010.08.012DOI Listing
June 2011
19 Reads
2 Citations
2.110 Impact Factor

Preferences for heat, cold, or contrast in patients with knee osteoarthritis affect treatment response.

Clin Interv Aging 2010 Aug 9;5:199-206. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

Human Performance Laboratory and Physical Therapy Program, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.

Objective: This investigation assessed preferences for, and effects of, 5 days of twice daily superficial heat, cold, or contrast therapy applied with a commercially available system permitting the circulation of water through a wrap-around garment, use of an electric heating pad, or rest for patients with level II-IV osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee.

Methods: We employed a within subject, randomized order design to study 34 patients receiving each treatment in 1-week blocks. A knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) questionnaire and visual analog pain scale was completed at baseline, and twice each week. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2920200PMC
August 2010
9 Reads

A systematic review on the effectiveness of physical and rehabilitation interventions for chronic non-specific low back pain.

Eur Spine J 2011 Jan 18;20(1):19-39. Epub 2010 Jul 18.

Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Low back pain (LBP) is a common and disabling disorder in western society. The management of LBP comprises a range of different intervention strategies including surgery, drug therapy, and non-medical interventions. The objective of the present study is to determine the effectiveness of physical and rehabilitation interventions (i. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00586-010-15
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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-010-1518-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-010-1518-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3036018PMC
January 2011
7 Reads

Selective brain cooling and its vascular basis in diving seals.

J Exp Biol 2010 Aug;213(Pt 15):2610-6

Department of Arctic Biology, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.

Brain (T(brain)), intra-aorta (T(aorta)), latissimus dorsi muscle (T(m)) and rectal temperature (T(r)) were measured in harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) and hooded (Cystophora cristata) seals during experimental dives in 4 degrees C water. The median brain cooling was about 1 degrees C during 15 min diving, but in some cases it was as much as 2.5 degrees C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.040345DOI Listing
August 2010
6 Reads

Postharvest behaviour of two Sardinian apple varieties following immersion in heated sodium bicarbonate solution.

Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 2010 ;75(4):747-52

Traversa La Crucca 3, Loc. Baldinca, IT-07040 Sassari, Italy.

'Miali' and 'Caddina' are apple varieties of Sardinian germplasm, mainly produced under sustainable conditions. Fruit is rarely subjected to cold storage and postharvest losses are generally high. In order to prolong the marketing period and contain postharvest decay of these local varieties, we investigated on their storage behaviour and on the efficacy of combined alternative postharvest treatments. Read More

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June 2011
6 Reads

Pain relief by spinal cord stimulation involves serotonergic mechanisms: an experimental study in a rat model of mononeuropathy.

Pain 2009 Dec;147(1-3):241-8

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Neurosurgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

The aim of the present study was to examine the role of the spinal serotonergic system in the pain relieving effect of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) using a rat model of mononeuropathy. Tactile withdrawal thresholds, cold responses and heat withdrawal latencies were assessed before and after SCS. In some rats, SCS produced an attenuation of the hypersensitivity following nerve injury (SCS responding rats). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2009.09.020DOI Listing
December 2009
44 Reads
12 Citations
5.213 Impact Factor

Excitation of mouse superficial dorsal horn neurons by histamine and/or PAR-2 agonist: potential role in itch.

J Neurophysiol 2009 Oct 22;102(4):2176-83. Epub 2009 Jul 22.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.

Recent studies have suggested the existence of separate transduction mechanisms and sensory pathways for histamine and nonhistaminergic types of itch. We studied whether histamine and an agonist of the protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2, associated with nonhistaminergic itch, excite murine dorsal horn neurons. Single units were recorded in superficial lumbar dorsal horn of adult ICR mice anesthetized with pentobarbital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00463.2009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2776995PMC
October 2009
7 Reads

Managing pain using heat and cold therapy.

Paediatr Nurs 2009 Jul;21(6):14-8

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.

Evidence supports the use of superficial heating and cooling of tissues to provide pain relief in low to moderate levels of acute and chronic pain in adults, but there are no standards or guidelines in children's centres across the UK for administering these modalities in children, so a project was undertaken to develop these locally. Evidence from the literature was used to identify best practice in relation to equipment, safety and infection control. Implementation was supported by educational input and a detailed protocol for assessment and application of the devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/paed2009.07.21.6.14.c7146DOI Listing
July 2009
5 Reads

Bonding potential of self-adhesive luting agents used at different temperatures to lute composite onlays.

J Dent 2009 Jun 31;37(6):454-61. Epub 2009 Mar 31.

Department of Dental Materials and Fixed Prosthodontics, University of Siena, Policlinico Le Scotte, viale Bracci, Siena 53100, Italy.

Objectives: To assess whether the bonding potential to dentin of self-adhesive resin cements was affected by their pre-cure temperature.

Methods: Composite overlays (Paradigm MZ100, 3M ESPE) were luted on 100 extracted molars with G-Cem (GC Corp.), BisCem (Bisco), Multilink Sprint (Ivoclar Vivadent), SAC-A (Kuraray Co. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2009.02.006DOI Listing
June 2009
4 Reads