4,389 results match your criteria Sunburn


Physiological Characteristics of Sunburn Peel after Apple Debagged.

Molecules 2022 Jun 11;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China.

The bagging of fruits provides efficient protection from high-intensity sunlight and improves fruit color and quality. However, bagged fruit suddenly exposed to bright light can cause sunburn and destroys the peel cell structure. In this study, fruits from ten-year-old apple trees of 'Gala' variety were debagged, and the effect of sunburn on fruits was divided into: (1) normal peels (BFN), (2) peels with albefaction (BFA), and (3) browning (BFB). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Encouraging sun protection early in life: from a successful prevention programme in children to the identification of psychological barriers in adolescents.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 Jun;36 Suppl 6:12-21

Child Development Unit, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, France.

Children and adolescents have high rates of sunburn and high levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and are therefore at risk of developing skin cancer in later life. Minimizing UVR exposure in childhood and adolescence may be the most important component of skin cancer prevention efforts. Thus, age-adapted prevention campaigns, targeting children, adolescents and caregivers, are needed to change sun protection behaviour among individuals in these age groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anticancer treatments and photosensitivity.

Authors:
V Sibaud

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 Jun;36 Suppl 6:51-58

Oncodermatology Department, Claudius REGAUD Institute and Cancer University Institute, Toulouse Oncopole, Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

Drug-induced photosensitivity is associated with a wide range of anticancer treatments, including conventional chemotherapeutic agents, targeted anticancer therapies, and immune checkpoint inhibitors. These dermatologic adverse events can have a major impact on the well-being and quality of life of cancer patients, leading to dose modifications and interruption or discontinuation of anticancer treatments in severe cases. However, the heterogeneous nature of the photosensitive reactions induced by these agents, as well as the common concomitant use of other potentially photosensitizing drugs (antibiotics, voriconazole, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reply to Sun: Making sense of language change.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jun 21;119(26):e2206616119. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Informatics, Cognitive Science Program, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47408.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anti-inflammatory effects of differential molecular weight Hyaluronic acids on UVB-induced calprotectin-mediated keratinocyte inflammation.

J Dermatol Sci 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Dermatology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Touon-shi, Ehime, Japan.

Background: The biological functions of Hyaluronic acid are related to its molecular weight and binding to its receptor, Toll-like receptor4 (TLR4) or CD44. Recent studies have shown that low-molecular-weight Hyaluronic acid (LMW-HA) exhibits proinflammatory effects, while high-molecular-weight Hyaluronic acid (HMW-HA) functions as an anti-inflammatory factor. UVB-induced epidermal inflammation is mainly mediated by endogenous molecules, such as damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), that cause severe skin damage by activating TLR signaling pathways. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Damaged Dickinsonia specimens provide clues to Ediacaran vendobiont biology.

PLoS One 2022 16;17(6):e0269638. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, United States of America.

Recently reported specimens of the enigmatic Ediacaran fossil Dickinsonia from Russia show damage and repair that provides evidence of how they grew, and of their biological affinities. Marginal and terminal areas of wilting deformation are necrotic zones separating regenerated growth, sometimes on two divergent axes, rather than a single axis. Necrotic zones of damage to Dickinsonia are not a thick scar or callus, like a wound or amputation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pest categorisation of .

EFSA J 2022 Jun 7;20(6):e07336. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae), the persea mite, for the EU. is a tropical species that originated in Mesoamerica and has now spread and established in California, Florida, Hawaii, Morocco, southern Europe and Israel. Within the EU, it is established in Italy, Portugal and Spain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Light Induces Carotenoid Biosynthesis-Related Gene Expression, Accumulation of Pigment Content, and Expression of the Small Heat Shock Protein in Apple Fruit.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 31;23(11). Epub 2022 May 31.

Apple Research Institute, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, Gunwi 39000, Korea.

The coloration of the apple fruit ( Borkh.) depends on pigment content. Light stimulus activates a broad range of photosynthesis-related genes, including carotenoids. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sun Protection and Tanning Behaviors in Caregivers: Prevalence, Determinants, and Associations with Children's Behaviors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 06 4;19(11). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91054 Erlangen, Germany.

The association between skin cancer and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is well established, and sun protection behavior represents an important preventative measure. In children, caregivers play a key role in this regard. The subject of this study was threefold: whether caregivers of 1 to 11 year-old children are more likely to use sun protection measures compared to non-caregivers, whether considering oneself a role model is associated with sun protection behaviors, and whether their sun protection and risk behaviors are related to children's behaviors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Advanced squamous cell carcinoma with massive cranial invasion: walking around without a forehead.

Dermatol Online J 2022 Mar 15;28(2). Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Onkoderma-Clinic for Dermatology, Venereology and Dermatologic Surgery, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Squamous cell carcinomas with widespread invasion of the skull, meninges and brain parenchyma are extremely rare. Herein, we present an 86-year-old man with an 18-year history of sunburn who developed a large osteodestructive SCC that invaded through the frontal bone, frontal sinuses, and the dura mater. No neurological signs or symptoms or distant metastasis were noted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Skin cancers in skin types IV-VI: Does the Fitzpatrick scale give a false sense of security?

Skin Health Dis 2021 Sep 8;1(3):e40. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Dermatology Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Norwich UK.

The Fitzpatrick scale has been in use for skin colour typing according to the tanning potential of skin since its inception in 1975-1976. Thomas Fitzpatrick developed the scale to classify persons with 'white skin' in order to select the correct amount of UVA in Joules/cm for PUVA treatment for psoriasis. Since then, it has been widely used in Dermatology to gauge the skin's reaction to UV exposure, tanning potential, assessment of sunburn risk and amount of sun protection required for individual patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

UVB irradiation differential regulate miRNAs expression in skin photoaging.

An Bras Dermatol 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Plastic Surgery, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China. Electronic address:

Background: UVB irradiation can cause acute damage such as sunburn, or photoaging and melanoma, all of which are major health threats.

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of skin photoaging induced by UVB radiation in mice through the analysis of the differential expression of miRNAs.

Methods: A UVB irradiation photoaging model was constructed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk Factors for Actinic Keratoses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Indian J Dermatol 2022 Jan-Feb;67(1):92

Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, District Baiyun, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Objective: To integrate evidence and assess the risk factors associated with actinic keratosis (AK).

Methods: Unrestricted searches were conducted on five electronic databases, with an end-date parameter of September 2021. We summarized the study characteristics and pooled the results from individual studies by using a random-effects model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A systematic review on traditional, ayurvedic, and herbal approaches to treat solar erythema.

Int J Dermatol 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Patanjali Herbal Research Department, Patanjali Research Institute, Haridwar, India.

Solar erythema is a kind of radiation burn that strikes living tissue, such as skin, that arises from overexposure to UV radiation often from the sun. Ordinary symptoms of solar erythema include reddish skin, specifically warm to touch, overall tiredness, hurting, and mild whirl. Sunscreen contains SPF value, which measures how much ultraviolet radiation is needed to cause sunburn on sunscreen-applied skin, which is proportional to the quantity of solar energy needed to cause sunburn on unprotected skin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Photoprotective effects of Sargassum thunbergii on ultraviolet B-induced mouse L929 fibroblasts and zebrafish.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2022 May 21;22(1):144. Epub 2022 May 21.

School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, South Xiangan Road, Xiang'an District, Xiamen, 361102, Fujian, China.

Background: Chronic exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) causes a series of adverse skin reactions, such as erythema, sunburn, photoaging, and cancer, by altering signaling pathways related to inflammation, oxidative stress, and DNA damage. Marine algae have abundant amounts and varieties of bioactive compounds that possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the photoprotective effects of an ethanol extract of Sargassum thunbergii. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An approach for monitoring temperature on fruit surface by means of thermal point cloud.

MethodsX 2022 26;9:101712. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Informatics VII-Robotics and Telematics, Julius-Maximilians-University Würzburg, Würzburg 97074, Germany.

Heat and excessive solar radiation can produce abiotic stresses during apple maturation, resulting fruit quality. Therefore, the monitoring of temperature on fruit surface (FST) over the growing period can allow to identify thresholds, above of which several physiological disorders such as sunburn may occur in apple. The current approaches neglect spatial variation of FST and have reduced repeatability, resulting in unreliable predictions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Probing Different Approaches in Ultraviolet Radiation Personal Dosimetry - Ball Sports and Visiting Parks.

Front Public Health 2022 27;10:868853. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department Accident Prevention, Digitalisation - Technologies, Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance, Sankt Augustin, Germany.

Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) continues to be a decisive influencing factor for skin health. Besides acute damage (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characteristics of Sunburn Browning Fruit and Rootstock-Dependent Damage-Free Yield of Ambrosia™ Apple after Sustained Summer Heat Events.

Plants (Basel) 2022 Apr 29;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Summerland Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland, BC V0H 1Z0, Canada.

The 2021 summer heat waves experienced in the Pacific Northwest led to considerable fruit damage in many apple production zones. Sunburn browning (SB) was a particularly evident symptom. To understand the mechanism underlying the damage and to facilitate the early assessment of compromised fruit quality, we conducted a study on external characteristics and internal quality attributes of SB 'Ambrosia' apple ( var. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Phytocomplex of a Standardized Extract from Red Orange ( L. Osbeck) against Photoaging.

Cells 2022 04 25;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Drug and Health Science, University of Catania, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy.

Excessive exposure to solar radiation is associated with several deleterious effects on human skin. These effects vary from the occasional simple sunburn to conditions resulting from chronic exposure such as skin aging and cancers. Secondary metabolites from the plant kingdom, including phenolic compounds, show relevant photoprotective activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sunproofed study protocol: A mixed-methods scoping study of sun safety policies in primary schools in Wales.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(5):e0268141. Epub 2022 May 11.

Cardiff and Vale University Health Board Cardiff, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.

Background: Skin cancer, including melanoma and non-melanoma (keratinocyte), is increasing in incidence in the UK. Accounting for half of all cancers in England and Wales, the disease significantly impacts overstretched dermatology services. Research suggests that 86% of melanoma is preventable with modified sun exposure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Visual Aids for Sunscreen Application: A mixed methods study.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2022 Apr 23. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Behavioral Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background: Consumers routinely underapply sunscreen, and this may be because they misinterpret application quantity directions on sunscreen labels. U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association of high-risk human papillomavirus with ocular surface squamous neoplasia: a case-control study in Mexico.

Salud Publica Mex 2022 Apr 8;64(2):209-217. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Departamento de Genética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra. Mexico City, Mexico.

Objective: To investigate the association of high-risk hu-man papilloma virus (HR-HPV) and other risk factors with ocular surface squamous cell neoplasia (OSSN).

Materials And Methods: We obtained DNA from 22 fresh frozen OSSN tissues and 22 pterygia as controls, we used a broad-spectrum HPV DNA amplification short PCR fragment to identify HPV infection in all specimens and then genotyped HPV by a reverse hybridization line probe assay. We also obtained demographic, sun exposure, and tobacco consump-tion information. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Expert Recommendations on the Evaluation of Sunscreen Efficacy and the Beneficial Role of Non-filtering Ingredients.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 31;9:790207. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Dermatology, Shanghai Medical College, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

A variety of non-filtering agents have been introduced to enhance sunscreen photoprotection. Most of those agents have only weak erythema protective properties but may be valuable and beneficial in supporting protection against other effects of UV radiation, such as photoimmunosuppression, skin aging, and carcinogenesis, as well as photodermatoses. The question arises how to measure and evaluate this efficacy since standard SPF testing is not appropriate. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Health-Related and Behavioral Factors Associated With Lung Cancer Stage at Diagnosis: Observations From Alberta's Tomorrow Project.

Cancer Control 2022 Jan-Dec;29:10732748221091678

Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Cancer Care Alberta, 3146Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Canada, with stage at diagnosis among the top predictors of lung cancer survival. Identifying factors associated with stage at diagnosis can help reduce lung cancer morbidity and mortality. This study used data from a prospective cohort study of adults living in Alberta, Canada to examine factors associated with lung cancer stage at diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Physiological adjustment of pomegranate pericarp responding to sunburn and its underlying molecular mechanisms.

BMC Plant Biol 2022 Apr 4;22(1):169. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Key Laboratory of Genetic Improvement and Ecophysiology of Horticultural Crops, Institute of Horticulture, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei, 230031, China.

Background: Sunburn is common in pomegranate, and sunburned fruits have poor appearance and low marketability. However, the physiological and metabolic responses to sunburn and their underlying molecular mechanisms in pomegranate fruit are little understood. Fruit of sunburn-sensitive cultivar 'Hongyushizi' was used to carry out physiological parameter detection and widely-targeted metabolomics and transcriptome study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Sun protection measures: more important than ever!]

Hautarzt 2022 04 29;73(4):249-250. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

IUF - Leibniz-Institut für umweltmedizinische Forschung GmbH, Auf'm Hennekamp 50, 40225, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Characterization of sun protection performance: Quo vadis?]

Hautarzt 2022 Apr 25;73(4):276-282. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Dermatologische Klinik, UniversitätsSpital Zürich, Gloriastr. 31, 8091, Zürich, Schweiz.

The task of the first sunscreens was to prevent the development of sunburn and, following the spirit of the 1950/1960s, to not impair the tanning of the skin. The need to quantify the protective performance soon arose. Originally with the help of natural-nowadays artificial-sunlight, a method was developed to determine a sun protection factor (SPF). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

UV Exposure and the Risk of Keratinocyte Carcinoma in Skin of Color: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Dermatol 2022 05;158(5):542-546

Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dell Medical School, The University of Texas at Austin.

Importance: Ultraviolet radiation exposure is an important modifiable risk factor for keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) in fair-skinned non-Hispanic White populations; however, the evidence for this relationship in darker-skinned populations is less certain.

Objective: To assess and synthesize the published data concerning the association between UV exposure and the risk of KC in individuals with skin of color.

Evidence Review: PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched from database origin through January 2022. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effectiveness, compliance and application of sunscreen for solar ultraviolet radiation protection in Australia.

Public Health Res Pract 2022 Mar 10;32(1). Epub 2022 Mar 10.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; CRUK Manchester Institute and Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK.

Objectives and importance of study: Sunscreens are widely used, not only to prevent acute sunburn, but also for skin cancer prevention and protection against photoaging and other skin conditions related to cumulative solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. When correctly applied, sunscreens reduce the amount of UVR reaching the skin and therefore they can reduce harmful effects of such exposures. This paper examines the benefits and risks of sunscreens, compliance requirements and how sunscreen should be used for optimal effectiveness. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF