3,885 results match your criteria Sunburn


Sunscreen or simulated sweat minimizes the impact of acute ultraviolet radiation on cutaneous microvascular function in healthy humans.

Exp Physiol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802.

New Findings: What are the central questions of this study? Are UVR-induced increases in skin blood flow independent of skin erythema? Does broad-spectrum UVR exposure attenuate NO-mediated cutaneous vasodilation, and does sunscreen or sweat modulate this response? What are the main findings and their importance? Erythema and vascular responses to UVR are temporally distinct, and sunscreen prevents both responses. UVR exposure attenuates NO-mediated vasodilation in the cutaneous microvasculature; sunscreen or simulated sweat on the skin attenuate this response. Sun over-exposure may elicit deleterious effects on human skin that are separate from sunburn, and sunscreen or sweat on the skin may provide protection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/EP087688DOI Listing

Estimation of exposure durations for vitamin D production and sunburn risk in Switzerland.

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Work and Health, University of Lausanne and Geneva, 1010 Epalignes- Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Although overexposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is responsible for cutaneous melanoma and epithelial skin cancer and can cause negative health effects such as sunburn, a "little and often" exposure regime is often suggested to produce naturally recommended vitamin D levels, being essential for skeletal health. This study aimed to quantify solar UV doses needed to trigger 1000 International Units (IU) vitamin D doses and, at the same time, producing sunburn in Switzerland. Solar UV erythema irradiance (in mW/m) measured at four meteorological stations in Switzerland for the period 2005-2017 were used to evaluate effective solar UV radiation producing 1000 IU vitamin D doses in skin phototype II and III individuals. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41370-019-0137-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41370-019-0137-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Disruption of the Sensory System Affects Sterile Cutaneous Inflammation in vivo.

J Invest Dermatol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

King's College London, Wolfson Centre for Age Related Diseases.

Increasing evidence suggests that nerve fibers responding to noxious stimuli (nociceptors) modulate immunity in a variety of tissues including the skin. Yet, a role for nociceptors in regulating sterile cutaneous inflammation remains unexplored. To tackle this question, we have developed a detailed description of the sterile inflammation caused by overexposure to UVB irradiation (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2019.01.037DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Quick and brief review: Comparison between different in vivo SPF determination methods.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Center for Research & Training in Skin Diseases & Leprosy (CRTSDL), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: The use of sunscreen products has grown considerably in the last few decades because sunscreen products considered as one of the most important ways of skin protection against UV rays by different mechanisms such as reflecting, absorbing, or scattering. Excess expose to UV causes sunburn, early skin aging, and skin cancers.

Objective: This review aimed to review and compare prominent in vivo sun protection factor (SPF) determination protocols and investigate their approach in test criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12941DOI Listing

Physicochemical investigations on non-covalent interactions between Padimate O and cyclodextrin receptors in both solution and solid states.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Mar 19;218:9-14. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Chemistry, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling 734013, India. Electronic address:

Ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation is very harmful to human body. It can cause serious health problem mainly skin cancer, sunburn and photo-aging. Padimate O (PMO) is a sunscreen agent. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13861425193029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2019.03.058DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Advanced approaches for quantitative characterization of thermal transport properties in soft materials using thin, conformable resistive sensors.

Extreme Mech Lett 2018 Jul 3;22:27-35. Epub 2018 May 3.

Departments of Materials Science and Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Chemistry, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Neurological Surgery, Center for Bio-Integrated Electronics, Simpson Querrey Institute for Nano/biotechnology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.

Noninvasive methods for precise characterization of the thermal properties of soft biological tissues such as the skin can yield vital details about physiological health status including at critical intervals during recovery following skin injury. Here, we introduce quantitative measurement and characterization methods that allow rapid, accurate determination of the thermal conductivity of soft materials using thin, skin-like resistive sensor platforms. Systematic evaluations of skin at eight different locations and of six different synthetic skin-mimicking materials across sensor sizes, measurement times, and surface geometries (planar, highly curvilinear) validate simple scaling laws for data interpretation and parameter extraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eml.2018.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435340PMC

Skin Cancer in Hispanics in the United States

Authors:
Maritza I. Perez

J Drugs Dermatol 2019 Mar;18(3):s117-120

The Hispanic population has been the principal driver of U.S. demographic growth in the last two decades. Read More

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Assessment of sun-related behaviour, knowledge, and attitudes among nursing students.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Dermatology Department, Pontevedra University Hospital, EOXI Pontevedra-Salnés, Pontevedra, Spain.

Background: As future health care professionals, nursing students will play an important role in social training and promoting healthy behaviours including protection against sunlight. However, few studies to date have focused on their knowledge and attitudes regarding sun-related behaviour.

Objective: To evaluate the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about sun protection and skin cancer among nursing students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/phpp.12466DOI Listing

Development of the multispectral UV polarization reflectance imaging system (MUPRIS) for in situ monitoring of the UV protection efficacy of sunscreen on human skin.

Skin Res Technol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Aichi, Japan.

Background: Protection of the human skin from ultraviolet (UV) damage is one of the main issues in dermatology and cosmetology. The UV protection efficacy (UVPE) of the sunscreen film is decreased by sweat, sebum, and friction during the day. However, the technical relationship between the UVPE evaluated in a laboratory and the actual protection in daily use has not been clarified, because the UVPE measurement method in real-life setting has not been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12697DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Using Google Search Data for Sunburn as a Surrogate for Sunburn Prevalence in the United States.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2019 Feb 1;12(2):32-36. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Dr. Hopkins is with the Department of Internal Medicine.

The investigators sought to evaluate the feasibility of using state-based Google Trends search volume data for sunburn as a surrogate marker for state sunburn prevalence. State-based search volumes for sunburn were assessed for associations with environmental risk factors for ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Search volume data for sunburn were queried from google. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415703PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Don't be a Lobster: A novel way of promoting sun protection on Welsh beaches.

Br J Dermatol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Skin Care Cymru.

Within the UK, Wales has among the highest rates of skin cancer annually and skin cancer diagnosis rates have increased 63% in 10 years . The charity Skin Care Cymru (SCCym) provides a voice for skin health in Wales. Working with volunteers from an advertising agency and a communications company, in March 2017, SCCym launched a public health campaign to educate the public about ultraviolet radiation and encourage sun safe behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.17874DOI Listing

Identification of a ERCC5 c.2333T>C (L778P) Variant in Two Tunisian Siblings With Mild Xeroderma Pigmentosum Phenotype.

Front Genet 2019 14;10:111. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Laboratoire de Génomique Biomédicale et Oncogénétique, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder due to a defect in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) DNA repair pathway, characterized by severe sunburn development of freckles, premature skin aging, and susceptibility to develop cancers at an average age of eight. XP is an example of accelerated photo-aging. It is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383105PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Liposome-encapsulated farnesol accelerated tissue repair in third-degree burns on a rat model.

Burns 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Third-degree or full-thickness burns refer to lesions that extend to the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The pathophysiology of burn wounds is characterized by tissue inflammation, edema, and hypertrophic scarring. Farnesol is a natural 15-carbon organic compound that possesses many biological effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2019.01.010DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Differences in Sun Protection Behaviors Between Rural and Urban Communities in Texas.

J Rural Health 2019 Mar 4;35(2):155-166. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Purpose: The increasing incidence of skin cancer is a global health issue. In order to identify at-risk populations in Texas, we compared sun protection behaviors and sunburn history across rural and urban counties.

Methods: An online health screening survey collected data from a nonprobability sample of Texas residents in 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436991PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Anti-Wrinkling and Anti-Melanogenic Effect of Methanol Extract.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 27;20(5). Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Integrative Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea.

Ultraviolet (UV) exposure causes skin photoaging leading to skin wrinkling and sagging via production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). For this reason, protection from photoaging is an important feature in cosmeceutical and dermatological products. Natural product-derived biomaterials are highly desired as future possible ingredients, because these biomaterials are often safe and effective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20051043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429126PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

[Sunburn of a reconstructed breast: risk of denervated tissue].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2019 Feb 15;163. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

HagaZiekenhuis, afd. Plastische en Reconstructieve Chirurgie, Den Haag.

More and more women opt for breast reconstruction with autologous tissue after breast removal. Reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is the most common technique. In this operation, the nerves of the DIEP flap are cut. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

A Review of the Role of Green Tea () in Antiphotoaging, Stress Resistance, Neuroprotection, and Autophagy.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 23;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Age-Related Inflammation and Degeneration Research Unit, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages worldwide, and is available in various forms. Green tea is richer in antioxidants compared to other forms of tea. Tea is composed of polyphenols, caffeine, minerals, and trace amounts of vitamins, amino acids, and carbohydrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412948PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Ultraviolet radiation exposure among Belgrade high school students: analysis of knowledge, attitudes and behaviour.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Mar;33 Suppl 2:63-75

Clinic of Dermatovenereology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: The incidence of melanoma has been increasing worldwide. Extended UV exposure during childhood or adolescence significantly increases the probability of skin cancer in adulthood.

Objective: The objective of this study was to analyse knowledge, attitudes and behaviour regarding exposure to natural and artificial UV radiation among Belgrade high school students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15312DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Sunbeds and carcinogenesis: the need for new regulations and restrictions in Europe from the Euromelanoma perspective.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Mar;33 Suppl 2:104-109

Research Unit for Photodermatology, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Experimental investigations have definitely assessed that ultraviolet A (UVA) as well as ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation induce mutagenic DNA photoproducts and other cell damages with a carcinogenic potential. Artificial tanning increases significantly the lifetime risk for basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma particularly in subjects with fair skin type, subjects with a history of skin cancer or frequent childhood sunburn or if exposures took place at an age younger than 18 years. In addition, experimental and clinical evidence indicate that UVA exposure promotes skin photoageing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15314DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Recent advances in layered double hydroxides applied to photoprotection.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2019 Feb 18;17(1):eRW4456. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, AL, Brazil.

Layered double hydroxides have received more attention from researchers due to their range of applications, ease of synthesis and low cost of production. With broader knowledge about solar radiation effects on the body, the use of sunscreens has become even more important. The ability of some nanostructures, such as layered double hydroxides, to act as matrices has made it possible to obtain improvements in photoprotective formulations, with solutions to problems caused by radiation and sunscreens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RW4456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377044PMC
February 2019

Beliefs, attitudes and perceptions to sun-tanning behaviour in the Norwegian population: a cross-sectional study using the health belief model.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):206. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Postboks 4, St. Olavs plass, 0130, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Norway has one of the highest incidences of melanoma in the world. It has been suggested that the majority of all skin cancers could be prevented by changes related to sun-tanning behaviour. This study explores the sun-tanning behaviour of the Norwegian population using a modified Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6503-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380037PMC
February 2019

Preventing Skin Cancer Among Staff and Guests at Seaside Hotels.

J Cancer Educ 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Dermatology Department, Hospital Costa del Sol, Autovía A7 - Km 187, Marbella, Málaga, Spain.

Beach users and outdoor workers in resort areas are major risk groups for skin cancer, and therefore seaside hotels constitute a strategic area in which to conduct awareness-raising campaigns and interventions. The main aim of the present study is to describe habits, attitudes and knowledge related to sun exposure, the sunburn events experienced and potentially malignant skin lesions observed among hotel staff and guests recruited during a skin cancer prevention campaign at seaside hotels in the western Costa del Sol (southern Spain). This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at four seaside hotels in the western Costa del Sol. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13187-019-01488-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13187-019-01488-4DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Sunburn prevalence among US adults, National Health Interview Survey 2005, 2010, and 2015.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 03;80(3):817-820

National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.044DOI Listing

Differential Hairless Mouse Strain-Specific Susceptibility to Skin Cancer and Sunburn.

J Invest Dermatol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

The Jackson Laboratory, Mammalian Genomics, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2019.01.028DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Skin Cancer Prevention Behaviors Among Agricultural and Construction Workers in the United States, 2015.

Prev Chronic Dis 2019 02 7;16:E15. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Nearly 5 million people are treated for skin cancer each year in the United States. Agricultural and construction workers (ACWs) may be at increased risk for skin cancer because of high levels of ultraviolet radiation exposure from the sun. This is the first study that uses nationally representative data to assess sun-protection behaviors among ACWs. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2019/18_0446.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd16.180446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395080PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Sunburn and sun protection in black skin.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Environment and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: People with black skin are much less susceptible to sunburn than white-skinned individuals, yet there are scarce data on self-reported incidence of sunburn and sun protection measures in people with deeply-pigmented skin.

Method: An on-line survey tool was used to collect self-assessed data about demographic variables, sunburn incidence, and use of sun protection modalities.

Results: Two-thirds of respondents with black skin living in the UK claimed never to have been sunburnt; a much higher proportion than those living in South Africa and Nigeria where 34 and 46%, respectively, reported never experiencing sunburn. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14402DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The beneficial role of functional food components in mitigating ultraviolet-induced skin damage.

Authors:
Masashi Morifuji

Exp Dermatol 2019 Feb;28 Suppl 1:28-31

Food Microbiology Research Labs, Meiji Co., Ltd., Meiji Innovation Center, Hachiouji, Tokyo, Japan.

Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation can chemically alter biological molecules and is one of the major environmental health risks with potential to damage the structure and function of the skin. Numerous dietary supplements are known to optimize the skin's defenses against radiation exposure. Several studies in which the beneficial roles of functional food components, that can protect against UV-induced skin damage, have been demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/exd.13825DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of amelanotic and hypomelanotic melanoma patients.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Dermatology Research Centre, The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.

Background: Amelanotic/hypomelanotic melanoma is associated with poorer outcomes due to a more advanced disease stage at diagnosis.

Objective: To determine phenotypic risks and genotypic associations with amelanotic/hypomelanotic melanoma to develop a clinical and genetic profile that could assist in identifying high-risk individuals.

Methods: The Brisbane Naevus Morphology Study conducted from 2009 to 2016 has recruited a core of 1254 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15446DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Relationship between ultraviolet index (UVI) and first-, second- and third-degree sunburn using the Probit methodology.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 24;9(1):733. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Metallurgical and Mining Engineering Department, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile.

In this paper, a relation between the ultraviolet index (UVI) as a Sun exposure time and its effects in the form of burns according to the skin type has been elaborated. Moreover, we present a new expression that relates the intensity of solar radiation and the UVI, as well as expressions to obtain the percentage of population affected both by first and second degree lllsunburn for every skin-type. The results have been adjusted and validated through experimental results taken from the bibliography. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-36850-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36850-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345802PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Quality of life of adult vitiligo patients using camouflage: A survey in a Chinese vitiligo community.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(1):e0210581. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Dermatology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Background: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmented skin disease resulting in white macules, which may significantly impair the quality of life (QoL) of the patients.

Objective: To estimate the QoL in Chinese vitiligo patients using camouflage with a more detailed description, and to identify the possible risk factors related to poor QoL.

Methods: An online survey was conducted in vitiligo patients using camouflage from a vitiligo community. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210581PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345473PMC
January 2019

Assessing the Pathogenicity, Penetrance, and Expressivity of Putative Disease-Causing Variants in a Population Setting.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 18;104(2):275-286. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, University of Exeter Medical School, Research, Innovation, Learning and Development building, Royal Devon & Exeter Hospital, Barrack Road, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK. Electronic address:

More than 100,000 genetic variants are classified as disease causing in public databases. However, the true penetrance of many of these rare alleles is uncertain and might be over-estimated by clinical ascertainment. Here, we use data from 379,768 UK Biobank (UKB) participants of European ancestry to assess the pathogenicity and penetrance of putatively clinically important rare variants. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029297183046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.12.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369448PMC
February 2019
6 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

SOS: Medical Students Get Sunburn Too.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Área Integrada de Gestión de Dermatología, Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, España. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Vitamin D improves sunburns by increasing autophagy in M2 macrophages.

Autophagy 2019 May 24;15(5):813-826. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Department of Dermatology , Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine , Cleveland , OH , USA.

Cutaneous inflammation from UV radiation exposure causes epidermal damage, cellular infiltration, and secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators that exacerbate tissue destruction. Recovery is mediated chiefly by anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages that suppress inflammation and augment epidermal regeneration. Vitamin D enables anti-inflammation to promote tissue repair in response to injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2019.1569298DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Sun Protection Habits and Sunburn in Elite Aquatics Athletes: Surfers, Windsurfers and Olympic Sailors.

J Cancer Educ 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Dermatology Service, Hospital Costa del Sol. Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Marbella, Spain.

The objective of this study was to analyse the sun exposure habits of elite aquatics athletes, together with their sunburn history and skin examination habits, taking into account differences by sex and between sports. A cross-sectional health survey was conducted at world championship events during which elite surfers, windsurfers and Olympic sailors from 30 different countries were invited to participate. The athletes were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire focused on sun protection habits, sun exposure and sports practices. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13187-018-1466-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13187-018-1466-xDOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Dermatologic Care and Sun Protection Practices Need Improvement in Childhood Cancer Survivors.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115; Dermatology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115; Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01909622193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.12.044DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Sanshool improves UVB-induced skin photodamage by targeting JAK2/STAT3-dependent autophagy.

Cell Death Dis 2019 Jan 8;10(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, P.R. China.

Ultraviolet radiation is markedly increased because of pollution and the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. Excessive exposure to sunlight can negatively affect the skin, resulting in sunburn, photo-aging, or skin cancer. In this study, we first determined the photoprotective effect of sanshool, a major component in Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on UVB-irradiated responses in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and nude mouse. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41419-018-1261-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-1261-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325150PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Behaviors, Attitudes, and Knowledge Related to Sun Exposure Among Medical Students at the Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España.

Introduction: The incidence of skin cancer, for which the main risk factor is exposure to ultraviolet radiation, has risen worldwide. Sunburn is one of the simplest ways to assess sun exposure habits. To date, few studies have evaluated sun exposure in university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

No effect of Turkish bath (Hammam) on sunburn after exposure to natural ultraviolet radiation: A randomized controlled blinded trial.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Center for Perioperative Optimization, Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Scrubbing of the skin during Hammam, a Turkish spa treatment, removes cells from the ultraviolet radiation absorbing stratum corneum.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess if skin is more susceptible to sunburn after a Hammam treatment.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trial with a paired design, healthy adult participants with skin types 1-3 were randomized to receive Hammam treatment on one side of the back while the other side was used as control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12829DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Sunburns and Sun-Protective Behaviors after a Diagnosis of Melanoma.

Skinmed 2018 21;16(6):379-383. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA;

Exposure to ultraviolet light is a recognized modifiable risk factor for melanoma. Melanoma patients were more likely to practice sun-protective behaviors after their diagnosis. But it is not known how long these sun-protective behaviors will sustain. Read More

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December 2018

UV-B-activated B16 melanoma cells or HaCaT keratinocytes accelerate signaling pathways associated with melanogenesis via ANGPTL 2 induction, an activity antagonized by Chrysanthemum extract.

Exp Dermatol 2019 Feb 14;28(2):152-160. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.

Sunburn causes inflammation, which increases melanin production in skin and causes hyperpigmentation. Angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL) 2 is an inflammatory mediator induced in sun-exposed skin areas. However, whether ANGPTL2 functions in melanin production remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/exd.13862DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Increasing incidence of lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma in Catalonia.

Int J Dermatol 2019 May 13;58(5):577-581. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, University of Lleida, IRBLleida, Lleida & CIBERONC, Lleida, Spain.

Background: Recent epidemiological studies suggest that past data where superficial spreading melanoma was by far the most common subtype of melanoma may not reflect current patterns of sun exposure or other risk factors more involved in other subtypes of melanoma as lentigo maligna (LM) or lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM).

Methods: In order to measure the current situation in our country, all cases of LM and LMM diagnosed in 23 hospitals in Catalonia, from 2000 to 2007, were recorded.

Results: Although for the global period LM/LMM represented only 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14334DOI Listing
May 2019
14 Reads

Modifiable Risk-factors for Keratinocyte Cancers in Australia: A Case-control Study.

Acta Derm Venereol 2019 Apr;99(4):404-411

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biostatistics, University Hospital Tübingen, DE-72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Keratinocyte cancer is the most common malignancy in Caucasians. The aim of this study was to investigate risk-factors responsible for development of keratinocyte cancer in Australia. A case-control study was conducted, including 112 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 95 cases of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and 122 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3107DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Do ultraviolet photos increase sun safe behavior expectations via fear? A randomized controlled trial in a sample of U.S. adults.

J Behav Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.

Ultraviolet (UV) photos reveal the world in a different light spectrum, including damage that is caused by UV light. In the context of skin cancer control, UV photos have the potential to communicate fear because they reveal underlying skin damage. U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10865-018-9997-5DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Severe Photo Toxicity Recalled by Docetaxel.

Case Rep Oncol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):751-755. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Capio S: t Görans Hospital, Department of Clinical Oncology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Photo-recall phenomenon is a rarely recognized adverse event of chemotherapeutic agents. The physiopathology of this entity is unclear. We have reported a 56-year old breast cancer patient with severe photo toxicity recalled 5 months after the initial sunburn by one course of adjuvant docetaxel treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276744PMC
November 2018
20 Reads

Adult UVR exposure changes with life stage - a 14-year follow-up study using personal electronic UVR dosimeters.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2019 Feb;18(2):467-476

Department of Dermatology, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospitals, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Over a period spanning 14 years (1999-2001, 2006 and 2012), 31 volunteers participated in sun behaviour studies with the same protocol wearing a personal, electronic wrist-borne UVR dosimeter and completed sun exposure diaries resulting in a total of 15 946 measurements days (126 days per person per year). The participants individually maintained their UVR dose level and behaviour over the years. No statistically significant differences were seen from year to year in the "estimated annual UVR dose", the "mean UVR dose per day", the "mean percentage of ambient UVR", "days sunbathing to get a tan", "days with intermittent exposure" or in "sunburn episodes". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp00365cDOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A Mobile Technology Intervention With Ultraviolet Radiation Dosimeters and Smartphone Apps for Skin Cancer Prevention in Young Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Nov 28;6(11):e199. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Skin cancer is the most prevalent and most preventable cancer in Australia. Despite Australia's long-running public health campaigns, young Australian adults continue to report high levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and frequent sunburns. Young people are now increasingly turning away from traditional media, such as newspapers and TV, favoring Web-based streaming, which is challenging the health care sector to develop new ways to reach this group with targeted, personalized health promotion messages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291679PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Severe vemurafenib-induced photosensitivity in a 6-year-old boy.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Jan 26;36(1):e62-e63. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Vemurafenib, a selective BRAF kinase inhibitor, has been found to induce several cutaneous adverse effects, ranging from a keratosis pilaris-like reaction to squamous cell carcinoma. While photosensitivity has been well described as one of these manifestations, we report a case of a 6-year-old boy on vemurafenib who developed a severe blistering sunburn after only two 30-minute episodes of sun exposure. A brief review of other common cutaneous adverse effects of vemurafenib is also provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13720DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Risk Perception Plays Minimal Role in Sun Exposure Behaviours.

J Cancer Educ 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

The Skin Hospital (branch of the Skin & Cancer Foundation Australia), Sydney, Australia.

Despite decades of public health campaigns, tanning and sunburn still occur at unacceptably high rates. Skin cancer prevention campaigns predominately focus on increasing awareness of the risk of excessive sun exposure. This study sought to assess the efficacy of this approach, by interrogating correlations between risk perception and sun exposure behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13187-018-1449-yDOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Inhibitory effect of Carnosol on UVB-induced inflammation via inhibition of STAT3.

Arch Pharm Res 2019 Mar 15;42(3):274-283. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

College of Pharmacy and Medical Research Center, Chungbuk National University, 194-31 Osongsaengmyeong 1-ro, Osong-eup, Heungduk-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, 361-951, Republic of Korea.

Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation causes sunburn, inflammatory responses, dysregulation of immune function, oxidative stress, DNA damage and photocarcinogenesis on skin. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) has been reported to inhibit inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12272-018-1088-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426997PMC