1,108 results match your criteria Sudden Visual Loss


Combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion; first manifestation of lupus in a pediatric patient.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Departamento de Retina y Vítreo, Hospital General de México «Dr. Eduardo Liceaga», Ciudad de México, Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Electronic address:

Combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion is uncommon in adults and even more so in young people. The main origins are vasculitis and thromboembolic disorders. The prognosis is poor due to irreversible visual loss and the development of neovascular glaucoma (NVG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oftal.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018

Sudden unilateral vision loss in an adult with Behcet disease: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13594

Department of Ophthalmology, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Sichuan, China.

Rationale: Behcet disease is an autoimmune vasculitis, involving multiple systems and organs. It is often chronic and recurrent, and involves all levels of arteries and veins.

Patient Concerns: A 40-year-old Chinese male with sudden vision loss in his right eye for 3 days was reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013594DOI Listing
December 2018

OPTIC DISK ASTROCYTOMA UNASSOCIATED WITH TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS COMPLEX MANAGED WITH SURGICAL EXCISION AND A 7-YEAR FOLLOW-UP.

Authors:
Yao Lu Yimin Xu

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Vision Loss and Restoration, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Purpose: Optic disk astrocytoma is a rare variant of congenital hamartoma, which is usually associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Generally, it is stationary but in rare cases, it can show progressive growth and cause severe local complications.

Methods: Clinical-pathologic correlation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000000821DOI Listing
November 2018

[Clinical study of suction loss in small incision lenticule extraction].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;54(12):890-896

Tianjin Medical University, Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin 300020, China.

To investigate the classification, possible risk factors, managements and clinical outcomes of suction loss in small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). In this nested case control study, subjects undergoing SMILE surgery between September 2013 and September 2017 were enrolled in the study. Eyes suffered from suction loss were included in the suction loss group, and eyes without intraoperative complications and operated at the same date were included in the control group. Read More

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December 2018

Disorders of the inner-ear balance organs and their pathways.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;159:385-401

Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Central Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Neurology Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Central Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Disorders of the inner-ear balance organs can be grouped by their manner of presentation into acute, episodic, or chronic vestibular syndromes. A sudden unilateral vestibular injury produces severe vertigo, nausea, and imbalance lasting days, known as the acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). A bedside head impulse and oculomotor examination helps separate vestibular neuritis, the more common and innocuous cause of AVS, from stroke. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/B97804446391650
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63916-5.00025-2DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

[Acute Changes in the Computed Tomography Findings of Mucocele Combined with Pituitary Adenoma:A Case Report].

No Shinkei Geka 2018 Nov;46(11):1013-1020

Department of Neurosurgery(Omori), School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University.

Introduction: We report a rare case in which a pituitary tumor co-occurred with a giant mucocele. The mucocele's computed tomography(CT)values fell markedly when it collapsed, and we report the associated considerations.

Case: This case involved a 42-year-old male patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203856DOI Listing
November 2018

Severe ophthalmic manifestation in pituitary-involved granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case report and literature review.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 16;18(1):299. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 1 Shuaifuyuan Wangfujing Dongcheng District, Beijing, China.

Background: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), a necrotizing granulomatous disease, very rarely involves the central nervous system (CNS), particularly the pituitary. Delayed treatment may cause permanent bilateral blindness. We report an isolated case of pituitary GPA that manifested as a progressive bilateral temporal visual field (VF) defect and was diagnosed via pituitary biopsy. Read More

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https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0966-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240177PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Flap Melting Over Corneal Inlay for Hyperopic Correction.

J Refract Surg 2018 Nov;34(11):775-778

Purpose: To report two cases of flap melting over corneal inlays for hyperopic correction several years after implantation.

Methods: The corneal inlay (+6.00 diopters [D]; PermaVision intracorneal lens; Anamed Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20180823-01DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Neuroretinitis Associated with Raw Meat Consumption.

Turk J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 31;48(5):258-261. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, İzmir, Turkey.

Neuroretinitis characterized by optic disc edema and star-like exudates in the macula was detected in a patient who presented with sudden unilateral painless vision loss and had a history of raw meat consumption. The patient tested seropositive for . Combination therapy with steroid and albendazole resulted in an increase in visual acuity and complete resolution of clinical signs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjo.27085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6216536PMC
October 2018

A rare case of Evans syndrome associated with sudden loss of vision: A case report.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 5:1120672118809579. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

3 Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Purpose:: To report a case of Evans syndrome with a vascular occlusive event leading to severe loss of vision.

Case Report:: A 12-year-old boy with Evans syndrome presented with painless acute loss of vision in the left eye during a period of remission from the disease. Examination showed visual acuity of hand motion in the left eye, left relative afferent pupillary defect, pale optic nerve head, and attenuated vessels. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1120672118809579
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672118809579DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Giant cell arteritis presenting as bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: a biopsy-proven case report in Chinese patient.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 30;18(1):282. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Rheumatology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China.

Background: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of medium and large-size vessels and can led to permanent visual loss in elderly patients. GCA is very rare among Asians. We report a Chinese patient presenting with acute bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and the temporal artery biopsy proved the diagnose of GCA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0953-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208180PMC
October 2018
1 Read
1.075 Impact Factor

Acute visual loss and optic disc edema followed by optic atrophy in two cases with deeply buried optic disc drusen: a mimicker of atypical optic neuritis.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 26;18(1):278. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Ocular Oftalmologia, Vitória, Brazil.

Background: Sudden visual loss and optic disc edema caused by optic neuritis (ON) is usually followed by significant visual recovery. However, little or no recovery occurs when the loss is caused by atypical ON, especially in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Optic disc drusen (ODD) is a cause of pseudo optic disc edema and may be a predisposing factor for non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), thereby mimicking atypical ON. Read More

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https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0949-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203970PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

An fMRI study of visuo-vestibular interactions following vestibular neuritis.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 9;20:1010-1017. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Neuro-otology Unit, Division of Brain Sciences, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College London, London W6 8RP, UK. Electronic address:

Vestibular neuritis (VN) is characterised by acute vertigo due to a sudden loss of unilateral vestibular function. A considerable proportion of VN patients proceed to develop chronic symptoms of dizziness, including visually induced dizziness, specifically during head turns. Here we investigated whether the development of such poor clinical outcomes following VN, is associated with abnormal visuo-vestibular cortical processing. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.10.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197146PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Hemorrhagic Atypical Planum Sphenoidale Meningioma with Intermittent Vision Loss-Rare Presentation of Apoplexy.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 4;121:71-76. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Symptoms that mimic pituitary apoplexy may be encountered with other neoplastic or infectious lesions.

Case Description: This 38-year-old man presented with severe sudden-onset headache and relapsing and remitting vision loss. Radiographic imaging studies demonstrated radiographic features of a hyperdense, hemorrhagic mass in the sellar region. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183225
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.200DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Quantitative evaluation of retinal artery occlusion using optical coherence tomography angiography: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(40):e12652

The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi, PR China.

Rationale: Retinal artery occlusion (RAO) results in painless, catastrophic vision loss in a period of seconds. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) can image retinal microcirculation, which is helpful to evaluate treatment response during the follow-up period. Using a single case with central RAO, we report its retinal perfusion changes before and after treatment using OCTA. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201810050-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012652DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6200535PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Isolated optic neuritis with a concurrent abnormal trigeminal nucleus on imaging: case report of a rare complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

BMC Neurol 2018 Oct 4;18(1):165. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 270 Rama VI Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) is an inflammation related to reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus (VZV), involving the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve. Optic neuritis (ON), a rare ocular complication following HZO, has been reported in 1.9% of HZO-affected eyes. Read More

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https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1168-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171195PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome in a 10-year-old child.

J Bras Nefrol 2018 Sep 21. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem (DEM), Viçosa, MG, Brasil.

Introduction: The posterior reversible encephalopathy (PRES) syndrome encompasses a set of clinical-radiological findings associated with severe systemic arterial hypertension. This case report proposes to discuss the identification, diagnosis, and management of PRES in the pediatric population.

Case Presentation: Female patient, 10 years old, admitted to the emergency room with complaint of oliguria and generalized edema. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-JBN-2018-0111DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Metallosis mimicking a metabolic disorder: a case report.

Mol Genet Metab Rep 2018 Dec 25;17:38-41. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

National Centre for Inherited Metabolic Diseases, The Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Metalic prosthesis or occupational exposure are potential sources of systemic cobalt and chromium ion toxicity. The resultant multisystemic clinical presentation can lead to unnecessary investigations before a final etiologic diagnosis is made; with an average delay of a year or more commonly noted. A 58-year old man presented with cardiomyopathy, pericardial effusion, polycytaemia, polyneuropathy, visual impairment, sudden hearing loss and hypothyroidism over a 2-year period post a metal-on-polyethylene hip replacement surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgmr.2018.09.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159344PMC
December 2018
20 Reads

Changes in blood flow velocity and thickness of the choroid in a patient with leukemic retinopathy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Dec 6;12:68-72. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Purpose: Choroidal circulation hemodynamics in eyes with leukemia has not been quantitatively examined yet. We quantitatively examined changes in choroidal blood flow velocity and choroidal thickness at the macula by using laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in a patient with leukemic retinopathy.

Observations: A 15-year-old boy presented with sudden central vision loss of his right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151848PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Seizure-like episodes and EEG abnormalities in patients with long QT syndrome.

Seizure 2018 Oct 27;61:214-220. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, PO Box 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, PO Box 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Purpose: The congenital long QT-syndrome (cLQTS) is characterized by ventricular arrhythmias, syncope and sudden cardiac death. Many LQTS genes are also expressed in the brain and emerging evidence suggest that cardiac channelopathies can also cause epilepsy. The aim of the study is to explore evidence of epilepsy and/or EEG abnormalities in a cohort with a genotyped diagnosis of LQT1 or LQT2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.08.020DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

[Ocular syphilis: a warning sign of an HIV infection].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 08 30;162. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Erasmus MC, afd. Oogheelkunde, Rotterdam.

A 29-year-old male presented at the ER with a red and painful left eye with sudden and progressive loss of vision within a week. His visual acuity was 1/60. Slit lamp investigation showed inflammatory cells throughout the anterior chamber and vitreous body, and a hyperaemic and swollen optic disc with retinal lesions, indicating a panuveitis combined with multifocal chorioretinitis. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Valsalva retinopathy associated with intranasal cocaine abuse: A case report.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep 12:1120672118799627. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

4 Vitreoretinal & Uveitis Department, Ophthalmica Clinic, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe a case of Valsalva retinopathy in an intranasal cocaine user.

Case Report: A 49-year-old male presented with a history of sudden loss of vision and inferior visual field defect in his left eye. Clinical evaluation of the affected eye showed best corrected visual acuity of 20/25 and fundus examination revealed a preretinal hemorrhage superior to the disk with multiple intraretinal hemorrhages in and around the posterior pole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672118799627DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Bilateral papillary oedema - case report.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;62(2):166-174

Ophthalmology Clinic, "Agrippa Ionescu" Clinical Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania.

Objective: We report one case of malignant high blood pressure with no systemic signs but with ocular complaints.

Methods: The paper presents the case of a 31-year-old male who complained of sudden loss of visual acuity in both eyes. The ophthalmological examination revealed bilateral papillary oedema. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117519PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Transient visual loss: Transient lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum.

Turk J Emerg Med 2018 Sep 23;18(3):128-130. Epub 2017 Dec 23.

Giresun Prof. Dr. Ilhan Ozdemir Training and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Giresun, Turkey.

Background: The corpus callosum is the most important pathway enabling the exchange of information between the two cerebral hemispheres. Transient splenium lesions may develop in association with various pathologies and infections. We report a case presenting to the emergency department with transient visual loss and in which a transient lesion was determined in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2017.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107932PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Synergistic Transcriptional Changes in AMPA and GABA Receptor Genes Support Compensatory Plasticity Following Unilateral Hearing Loss.

Neuroscience 2018 Sep 1. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Eaton-Peabody Laboratories, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston MA 02114, USA; Dept. of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:

Debilitating perceptual disorders including tinnitus, hyperacusis, phantom limb pain and visual release hallucinations may reflect aberrant patterns of neural activity in central sensory pathways following a loss of peripheral sensory input. Here, we explore short- and long-term changes in gene expression that may contribute to hyperexcitability following a sudden, profound loss of auditory input from one ear. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization to quantify mRNA levels for genes encoding AMPA and GABA receptor subunits (Gria2 and Gabra1, respectively) in single neurons from the inferior colliculus (IC) and auditory cortex (ACtx). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.08.023DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Recurrent orbital bone sub-periosteal hematoma in sickle cell disease: a case study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 28;18(1):211. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department Of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Sickle cell disease is a common inherited hemoglobinopathy and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Vaso-occlusive crises commonly occur in individuals with SCD that results in high morbidity due to end-organ ischemia and infarction. These include splenic infarction, pulmonary involvement, acute chest syndrome, and orbital compression syndrome. Read More

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https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0884-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114482PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Optic Neuritis Possibly Induced by Anti-PD-L1 Antibody Treatment in a Patient with Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018 May-Aug;9(2):348-356. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background: Recent immune therapy with checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) has demonstrated remarkable antitumor effects on specific tumors, such as malignant lymphoma and non-small cell lung carcinoma. By contrast, CPIs cause an imbalance in the immune system, triggering a wide range of immunological side effects termed immune-related adverse effects (irAEs). Here, we report a rare case of optic neuritis and hypopituitarism during anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103362PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Orbital Emphysema: A Case Report and Comprehensive Review of the Literature.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Aug 20. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to report a case of persistent and likely self-induced orbital emphysema (OE) following functional endoscopic sinus surgery with dislodgement of a previously placed orbital floor implant and to review the literature surrounding etiologies, pathophysiology, and management of OE.

Methods: Case report and review of the literature.

Results And Discussion: While blunt trauma resulting in disruption of the medial orbital wall is the most common cause of OE, there are an additional 25 underlying etiologies reported in the current literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001216DOI Listing
August 2018
12 Reads

Sorsby fundus dystrophy: Insights from the past and looking to the future.

J Neurosci Res 2019 Jan 21;97(1):88-97. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Institute of Human Genetics, Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Sorsby fundus dystrophy (SFD), an autosomal dominant, fully penetrant, degenerative disease of the macula, is manifested by symptoms of night blindness or sudden loss of visual acuity, usually in the third to fourth decades of life due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV). SFD is caused by specific mutations in the Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3, (TIMP3) gene. The predominant histo-pathological feature in the eyes of patients with SFD are confluent 20-30 m thick, amorphous deposits found between the basement membrane of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the inner collagenous layer of Bruch's membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.24317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6241301PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Radiation-Induced Optic Neuropathy: Clinical and Imaging Profile of Twelve Patients.

J Neuroophthalmol 2018 Aug 15. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (ELA, JDT), Radiology (Neuroradiology) (EAL), and Neurology (JDT), Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Radiation-induced optic neuropathy (RON) is a form of delayed radionecrosis of the anterior visual pathways, which develops within months to years after external cranial irradiation and causes severe and irreversible vision loss. Small series reports have adequately documented its clinical features, but imaging characteristics have been less completely described.

Methods: We accrued cases from the University of Michigan Neuro-Ophthalmology Clinic files and from cases coded as "radiation optic neuropathy" at the University of Michigan Medical Center between 1994 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000670DOI Listing

Amalric triangular sign in a case of central retinal artery occlusion combined with posterior ciliary artery occlusion - Case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Sep 20;11:149-152. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, No. 95, Wen Chang Road, Shih Lin District, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Purpose: Amalric triangular sign is a rare phenomenon indicating choroidal ischemia. In this study, we reported a typical Amalric triangular sign in a case of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) combined with posterior ciliary artery (PCA) occlusion.

Observations: A 49-year-old women developed sudden visual loss in her left eye for one day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.06.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077121PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Ophthalmic Artery Occlusion Following Facial Sclerosing Therapy.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):351-354

Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To describe a case of ophthalmic artery occlusion and complete ophthalmoplegia after intralesional injection of a sclerosing agent into a subcutaneous hemangioma on the forehead.

Case Report: A 16-year-old girl underwent direct injection of 3 mL of sodium tetradecyl sulfate (Fibrovein) emulsion 1% (10 mg/mL) with a 23-gauge needle into a subcutaneous hemangioma on the forehead. Immediately after the injection, she developed sudden loss of vision and lid swelling of the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jovr.jovr_29_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6058543PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Retinitis associated with double infection of Epstein-Barr virus and varicella-zoster virus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11663

Department of Ophthalmology, National Defense Medical College, Saitama.

Rationale: Chronic uveitis with immunosuppressive agents could develop chronic herpetic retinitis with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) or herpes simplex virus (HSV). Ocular Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection develops uveitis and vitritis, but the clinical feature of EBV retinitis is not typical as a viral retinitis. EBV retinitis is rare, and only a few cases of EBV retinitis have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081094PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Caseous calcification of the mitral valve annulus: a rare cause of bilateral cerebral and ocular embolisation.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 18;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Cardiology, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

A 65-year-old woman presented with sudden bilateral visual loss of recent onset. She was recently diagnosed with multiple acute stroke syndrome for which she was commenced on antiplatelet therapy. Funduscopic examination revealed bilateral inferotemporal retinal artery occlusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224322DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

[Traumatic Macular Hole].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Halle (Saale).

The traumatic macular hole (TMH) is a rare complication of a blunt or an open injury of the globe and can lead to permanent loss of vision. The pathomechanism of TMH differs from that of the idiopathic macular hole (IMH). A sudden compression and expansion of the globe leads to vitreous traction, which can result in a TMH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0608-4780DOI Listing

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion.

Turk J Ophthalmol 2018 Jun 28;48(3):150-154. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey.

Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a non-invasive alternative method used in the diagnosis and follow-up of acute branch retinal artery occlusion to show changes secondary to ischemia. We report a case with acute branch retinal artery occlusion. A 52-year-old man presented with a complaint of sudden-onset visual loss in the right lower quadrant of the left eye for the previous three days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjo.34270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6032954PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

Full Thickness Retinal Hole Formation after Nd:YAG Laser Hyaloidotomy in a Case with Valsalva Retinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2018 3;2018:2874908. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

A 27-year-old male was presented with a sudden onset of visual loss in his right eye. A secondary care center referred the patient with fundus photographs which were screened 4 days before and after the Nd: YAG laser hyaloidotomy treatment. Snellen acuity was 10/10 in both eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2874908DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008859PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy secondary to menorrhagia in a young healthy woman.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 27;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Ophthalmology Department, Universiti Sains Malaysia - Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia.

Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) may develop due to severe anaemia and hypotension which is seen in acute blood loss. The devastating visual loss is often irreversible. We report a case of NAION in a 20-year-old healthy woman, who presented on the third day of a heavy menstrual cycle with hypovolaemic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225113DOI Listing

Developed diplopia due to a pituitary macroadenoma during pregnancy.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 17;29:39. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Endocrinology, National Institute of Nutrition, Tunis, Tunisia.

Physiologic pituitary enlargement is common during normal pregnancy. However, symptoms such as diplopia, blurred vision and headache resulting from physiologic pituitary enlargement are very rare during pregnancy. A 43-year-old woman complained of sudden headache and left eye ptosis at 36th weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.39.12706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987105PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Central 10-degree visual field change following non-penetrating deep sclerectomy in severe and end-stage glaucoma: preliminary results.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 3;256(8):1489-1498. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Centre Hospitalier National d'Ophtalmologie des XV-XX, Service du Pr. NORDMANN, 28 rue de Charenton, 75012, Paris, France.

Purpose: To report the impact of non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) in severe and end-stage glaucoma treatment on the central 10° visual field progression (mean deviation, four central points, foveal threshold) and assess the risk of sudden visual loss.

Methods: Monocenter database study. We reviewed records of 34 eyes with severe or end-stage glaucoma that underwent NPDS between 2009 and 2015, at the National Ophthalmology Center of XV-XX (Paris, France). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-018-4025-6DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Central retinal artery occlusion secondary to Barlow's disease.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 8;10:249-252. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Purpose: To report a rare case of isolated, unilateral CRAO in a young patient with mitral valve prolapse secondary to Barlow's disease.

Observations: A 29-year-old woman with history of premature ventricular contractions and cardiac ablation presented to the emergency room after sudden onset painless visual loss in her left eye (OS). Her vision was 20/20 in her right eye and hand motion in the left. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5956717PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease like presentation in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 10;10:221-225. Epub 2018 Mar 10.

Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

Purpose: To report two rare cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) on tyrosine kinase inhibitors presenting as bilateral serous retinal detachment and ocular inflammation, simulating Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease.

Methods: Case series and review of literature.

Result: Two young patients (one male and one female) with CML on treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (imatinib and dasatanib) under remission presented with bilateral sudden vision loss. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936173035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.03.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5956718PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

ND:YAG laser for preretinal hemorrhage in diabetic retinopathy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 12;10:8-9. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To present fundus images of a case with severe preretinal hemorrhage in diabetic retinopathy that was treated with posterior hyaloidotomy with an Nd:YAG laser.

Observations: A 35-year-old diabetic patient presented with sudden painless loss of vision due to severe preretinal hemorrhage over the macular area and high risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Her visual acuity was counting fingers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.01.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5956652PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Atypical central retinal artery occlusion as the first presentation of POEMS syndrome: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2018 May 8;18(1):64. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 270 Rama VI Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: POEMS syndrome is a plasma cell disorder, which clinically manifests from paraneoplastic syndrome: polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and skin changes. The most common ocular manifestation is optic disc swelling, whereas other ocular manifestations; cystoid macular edema, serous macular detachment, venous sinus thrombosis, infiltrative orbitopathy, uveitis, neovascularization of the disc, peripapillary choroidal neovascularization and optic disc drusen, had also been reported.

Case Presentation: A 52-year-old Thai man presented with 5-day sudden painless visual loss in the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1071-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938810PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Autoimmune Retinopathy: An Immunologic Cellular-Driven Disorder.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1074:193-201

Department of Internal Medicine-Rheumatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) was often mistaken for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), due to an overlap of clinical findings, but increasingly has been recognized as a unique entity in the last decade. AIR has distinctive features: sudden onset of photopsias and scotomata in patients with no family history of RP, followed by visual field and central vision loss. Initially, retina exams are normal with no sign of pigment deposits or retinal degeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75402-4_24DOI Listing
January 2018

Iconic Memories Die a Sudden Death.

Authors:
Michael S Pratte

Psychol Sci 2018 Jun 19;29(6):877-887. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Psychology, Mississippi State University.

Iconic memory is characterized by its large storage capacity and brief storage duration, whereas visual working memory is characterized by its small storage capacity. The limited information stored in working memory is often modeled as an all-or-none process in which studied information is either successfully stored or lost completely. This view raises a simple question: If almost all viewed information is stored in iconic memory, yet one second later most of it is completely absent from working memory, what happened to it? Here, I characterized how the precision and capacity of iconic memory changed over time and observed a clear dissociation: Iconic memory suffered from a complete loss of visual items, while the precision of items retained in memory was only marginally affected by the passage of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797617747118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5993568PMC
June 2018
1 Read

An atypical case of neurosarcoidosis presenting with neovascular glaucoma.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2018 Apr 18;8(1). Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Sarcoidosis, a multisystem, granulomatous disorder, sometimes manifests with a neuro-ophthalmic subtype. The latter can pose a diagnostic challenge, especially when ocular symptoms appear before systemic involvement, as the clinical picture then can be non-specific and systemic laboratory and standard imaging investigations can be negative.

Findings: A 71-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of sudden-onset visual loss in the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12348-018-0149-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5906415PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Anomalous coagulation factors in non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy with central retinal vein occlusion: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(15):e0437

Department of Ophthalmology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Rationale: Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is characterized by sudden, painless visual loss and optic disc edema. NAION occurs mainly in the presence of cardiovascular disease and hypercoagulability, mainly in patients over 50 years of age. We experienced a case of NAION associated with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in a young man with no underlying disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5908582PMC
April 2018
38 Reads

Orbital apex syndrome secondary to optic nerve cysticercosis.

Int Ophthalmol 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Jasti V Ramanamma Children's Eye Care Centre, L V Prasad Eye Institute, L V Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500034, India.

A 22-year-old male presented to us with complaints of sudden painful loss of vision in left eye 10 days ago along with inward deviation of the left eye. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in right eye was 20/20 and 20/50 in left eye. Left eye showed limitation of abduction, a relative afferent pupillary defect, normal anterior segment with optic disc oedema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-018-0910-6DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Traumatic subhyaloid macular hemorrhage with complete resolution following Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Mar 12;9:85-87. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To report a case of traumatic subhyaloid macular hemorrhage with severe sudden vision loss treated successfully with Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser (Nd:YAG laser).

Observations: A 16-year-old boy presented to the eye clinic with acute vision loss secondary to blunt trauma by a stone to his left eye 3 days prior to consultation that caused subhyaloid macular hemorrhage. Nd:YAG laser was performed to open the hyaloid membrane and allow the blood to diffuse into the vitreous cavity and be absorbed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.01.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5861631PMC