32,834 results match your criteria Substance Use & Misuse [Journal]


Homelessness among youth who identify as LGBTQ+: A systematic review.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.

Aims And Objectives: To explore homelessness among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning plus (LGBTQ+) youth and to identify their support and care requirements.

Background: LGBTQ+ youth face many health and societal challenges including issues related to homelessness.

Design: A systematic review of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14818DOI Listing
February 2019

[Jealousy and violence on university student intimate partners].

Vertex 2018 Nov;XXIX(142):245-254

Cátedra de Psiquiatría,Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

The deleterious effect of dating violence motivates the empirical exploration of the influential factors that may be targets of prevention. The aims of this study are to investigate violence in couples of university students and explore their relationship with jealousy and other correlates. Method: with a cross-sectional design, we surveyed 84 medical students from the National University of La Plata, Argentina. Read More

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November 2018

Disorganized Attachment Interactions Among Young Adults With Borderline Personality Disorder, Other Diagnoses, and No Diagnosis.

J Pers Disord 2019 Feb 20:1-21. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Harvard Medical School.

Theorists have suggested that attachment disorganization contributes to the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, few studies have directly observed attachment-related interactions with parents. This study used a newly developed attachment-based coding system to examine whether individuals with BPD were more likely to exhibit disorganized interactions with their mothers than those with (a) other diagnoses (anxiety, depressive, or substance use diagnoses) or (b) no diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_408DOI Listing
February 2019

Mobile Phone and Wearable Sensor-Based mHealth Approaches for Psychiatric Disorders and Symptoms: Systematic Review.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Feb 20;6(2):e9819. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Ab.Acus srl, Milano, Italy.

Background: Mobile Therapeutic Attention for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia (m-RESIST) is an EU Horizon 2020-funded project aimed at designing and validating an innovative therapeutic program for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. The program exploits information from mobile phones and wearable sensors for behavioral tracking to support intervention administration.

Objective: To systematically review original studies on sensor-based mHealth apps aimed at uncovering associations between sensor data and symptoms of psychiatric disorders in order to support the m-RESIST approach to assess effectiveness of behavioral monitoring in therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/mental.9819DOI Listing
February 2019

Substance type moderates the longitudinal association between depression and substance use from pre-treatment through a 1-year follow-up.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 5;197:87-94. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 235 E. Cameron Avenue, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA. Electronic address:

Background: Research examining directionality of the relationship between depressive symptoms and substance use following treatment entry is limited. Furthermore, substances differ in their neurobiological effects on mood. The relationship between depression and substance use following treatment entry may be moderated by dependence on specific substances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Co-occurring substance use and mental disorders among adults with opioid use disorder.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 14;197:78-82. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.

Background: Co-occurring substance use and mental disorders among people with opioid use disorder (OUD) increase risk for morbidity and mortality. Addressing these co-occurring conditions is critical for improving treatment and health outcomes. There is limited recent research on the prevalence of co-occurring disorders, demographic characteristics associated with co-occurring disorders, and receipt of mental health and substance use treatment services among those with OUD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.030DOI Listing
February 2019

The association between frequency of opioid misuse and opioid use disorder among youth and adults in the United States.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 13;197:73-77. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Science Policy Branch, Office of Science Policy and Communications, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, 6001 Executive Blvd, Fifth Floor, Rockville, MD 20852, United States; Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave, NW, Washington DC 20052, United States.

Background: Studies have shown the frequency of drug misuse is important in the development of a substance use disorder, but little is known about this relationship in the context of opioid misuse and opioid use disorder and withdrawal symptoms.

Methods: Our study included 2694 civilian respondents from the United States 12 years and older who had misused prescription opioids in the past year from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Logistic regression was used to model the association between frequency of prescription opioid misuse and opioid use disorder and withdrawal symptoms, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and income level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain Injury: Sex differences in veterans.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 31;274:105-111. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Salisbury VA Health Care System, 1601 Brenner Ave, Salisbury, NC 28144, USA; VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC), 508 Fulton St, Durham, NC 27705, USA; Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. Electronic address:

Around half of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research on the differences between male and female veterans with co-occurring PTSD/TBI is sparse. This study evaluated behavioral health differences between sexes with these conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.097DOI Listing
January 2019

Barriers Faced by Physicians in Screening for Substance Use Disorders Among Adolescents.

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Feb 20:appips201800427. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

IBM Watson Health, Bethesda, Maryland (Palmer, Karakus); RTI International, Rockville, Maryland (Mark).

Objective:: This study identifies key barriers faced by primary care providers (PCP) in implementation of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) services for substance use disorders among adolescents.

Methods:: The authors used mixed methods, including 12 key informant interviews and a survey with 75 PCPs, to identify key barriers to PCP implementation of SBIRT services.

Results:: Time constraints, challenges related to parental involvement, a perceived lack of effectiveness of brief intervention services, and lack of training in providing brief intervention were barriers to screening and brief intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800427DOI Listing
February 2019

A case of methamphetamine use disorder presenting a condition of ultra-rapid cycler bipolar disorder.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 4;7:2050313X19827739. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Methamphetamine, a potent psychostimulant, may cause a condition of mood disorder among users. However, arguments concerning methamphetamine-induced mood disorder remain insufficient. This case study describes a male with methamphetamine-induced bipolar disorder not accompanied by psychotic symptoms, who twice in an 11-year treatment period, manifested an ultra-rapid cycler condition alternating between manic and depressive mood states with 3- to 7-day durations for each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X19827739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365985PMC
February 2019

Neuropsychiatric Genetics of African Populations-Psychosis (NeuroGAP-Psychosis): a case-control study protocol and GWAS in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025469. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder account for a large proportion of the global burden of disease. Despite their enormous impact, little is known about their pathophysiology. Given the high heritability of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, unbiased genetic studies offer the opportunity to gain insight into their neurobiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025469DOI Listing
February 2019

A trauma-informed substance use and sexual risk reduction intervention for young South African women: a mixed-methods feasibility study.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024776. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Substance Use and Gender Research (SUGAR) Program, Research Triangle Institute (RTI) International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Sexual and physical trauma and substance use are intersecting risks for HIV among young women. This study assesses the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effects of a novel trauma-informed substance use and sexual risk reduction intervention for young South African women.

Design: A single arm feasibility test and qualitative interviews of participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024776DOI Listing
February 2019

HORYZONS trial: protocol for a randomised controlled trial of a moderated online social therapy to maintain treatment effects from first-episode psychosis services.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024104. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Specialised early intervention services have demonstrated improved outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP); however, clinical gains may not be sustained after patients are transferred to regular care. Moreover, many patients with FEP remain socially isolated with poor functional outcomes. To address this, our multidisciplinary team has developed a moderated online social media therapy (HORYZONS) designed to enhance social functioning and maintain clinical gains from specialist FEP services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024104DOI Listing
February 2019

The authors respond to comments on the use of secure care in youth.

CMAJ 2019 Feb;191(7):E199-E200

PhD student, Interdisciplinary Studies, Graduate Program, University of British, Columbia; Research Assistant, BC Centre, on Substance Use, Vancouver, BC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.71589DOI Listing
February 2019

An ethical perspective on the use of secure care for youth with severe substance use.

CMAJ 2019 Feb;191(7):E195-E196

Director, Clinical Ethics Service, Provincial, Health Services Authority of British, Columbia, Vancouver, BC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.71504DOI Listing
February 2019

Environment risk factors have different impact on bipolar and psychotic disorders: an analysis of MHGP survey.

Psychol Med 2019 Feb 20:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Univ. Lille, CNRS UMR 9193-PsyCHIC-SCALab, & CHU Lille, Pôle de Psychiatrie, Unité CURE,F-59000 Lille,France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000229DOI Listing
February 2019

Illicit substance use after release from prison among formerly incarcerated primary care patients: a cross-sectional study.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2019 Feb 19;14(1). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA.

Background: More than 80% of people in jail or prison report having used illicit substances in their lifetimes. After release from incarceration, resumption of substance use carries risks, including parole revocation, exacerbation of mental health conditions, transmission of infectious diseases, and drug overdose.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used baseline data from the Transitions Clinic Network (TCN, www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0136-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinicians' perceptions for indicating and contra-indicating integrated treatment for SUD and comorbid PTSD, a vignette study.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2019 Feb 19;14(1). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

NISPA, Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction, Radboud University, P.O. Box 6909, 6503, GK, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is more common in patients with Substance Use Disorder (SUD) than in the general population. Although international guidelines recommend integrated treatment clinicians are still hesitant in offering integrated treatment and more concrete recommendations are needed. This study aims to contribute to a practice-based guideline through the exploration of practice-based decision criteria to determine the indication and treatment of SUD and PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0194-5DOI Listing
February 2019

A Review of Epigenetics of PTSD in Comorbid Psychiatric Conditions.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;10(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an acquired psychiatric disorder with functionally impairing physiological and psychological symptoms following a traumatic exposure. Genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors act together to determine both an individual's susceptibility to PTSD and its clinical phenotype. In this literature review, we briefly review the candidate genes that have been implicated in the development and severity of the PTSD phenotype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10020140DOI Listing
February 2019

Participation in Organized Sports and Self-Organized Physical Activity: Associations with Developmental Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Sognsveien 220, 0806 Oslo, Norway.

Engagement in organized sports is associated with developmental factors, such as, healthy growth, cognitive abilities, psychological well-being and lower substance use. Research also suggest that the spontaneous free play that characterises self-organized physical activity (PA) provides young people with opportunities to learn social skills, such as self-regulation and conflict-resolution skills. We assessed associations between participation in the two activity types and several demographics along with developmental factors (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040585DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing the impacts of minimum legal drinking age laws on police-reported violent victimization in Canada from 2009 to 2013.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 5;197:65-72. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, V2N 4Z9, Canada; Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), University of Victoria, 2300 McKenzie Ave., Victoria, BC, V8N 5M8, Canada. Electronic address:

Background/aim: Given that alcohol-related victimization is highly prevalent among young adults, the current study aimed to assess the potential impacts of Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws on police-reported violent victimization events among young people.

Design: A regression-discontinuity (RD) approach was applied to victimization data from the Canadian Uniform Crime Reporting 2 (UCR2) Incident-based survey from 2009-2013. Participants/cases: All police-reported violent victimization events (females: n = 178,566; males: n = 156,803) among youth aged 14-22 years in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.025DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk and protective factors associated with domestic abuse among older Chinese in the People's Republic of China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Feb 11;82:120-127. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objectives: To identify risk and protective factors associated with elder abuse among older Chinese with cognitive and physical impairment in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Methods: 1002 dyads of care recipients and family caregivers were interviewed.

Results: The mutually reported rates were 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Hunting for what works: Adolescents in addiction treatment.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Oregon Health & Science University, Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, M/C UHN80R1, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

Although adolescents are developmentally distinct from adults, they often receive addiction treatment based on adult models. This is problematic because adolescents face significantly different conditions in addiction treatment, including distinct basic biological and neurodevelopmental stages, unique sociodevelopmental concerns, distinctive addiction trajectories, and in turn, disparate treatment goals and outcomes. In sum, it can be difficult for even savvy clinicians to know how to approach addiction treatment with this important age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.13984DOI Listing
February 2019

An overview of Bayesian reasoning in the analysis of delay-discounting data.

J Exp Anal Behav 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Addiction Recovery Research Center, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.

Statistical inference (including interval estimation and model selection) is increasingly used in the analysis of behavioral data. As with many other fields, statistical approaches for these analyses traditionally use classical (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jeab.504DOI Listing
February 2019

Why go to the emergency department? Perspectives from persons with borderline personality disorder.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Through this qualitative study, we explored frequent emergency department use by persons with borderline personality disorder from their perspective. Interpretive description guided the study design, and data were collected through interviews with six individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who had at least 12 emergency department visits for reasons related to their mental illness within a 1-year timeframe. Using thematic data analysis, we articulate the participants' experiences through two broad themes: cyclic nature of emergency department use and coping skills and strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inm.12580DOI Listing
February 2019

Adolescence versus adulthood: Differences in basal mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopamine transmission and response to drugs of abuse.

Addict Biol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Neuroscience, Italy.

Epidemiological studies have shown that people who begin experimenting drugs of abuse during adolescence are more likely to develop substance use disorders, and the earliest is the beginning of their use, the greatest is the likelihood to become dependent. Understanding the neurobiological changes increasing adolescent vulnerability to drug use is becoming imperative. Although all neurotransmitter systems undergo relevant developmental changes, dopamine system is of particular interest, given its role in a variety of functions related to reward, motivation, and decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/adb.12721DOI Listing
February 2019

An Examination of Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Disordered Gamblers Versus Other Substance-Related Disorders.

J Gambl Stud 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Substantial changes were made with the creation of the Substance Related and Addictive Disorders category in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5; APA in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edn, American Psychiatric Publishing, Arlington, 2013a), including the addition of gambling disorder to the category and a reduction in the minimum threshold of diagnostic criteria required for a gambling disorder. As gambling shares many similarities with substance use disorders, it stands to reason that comorbidity rates of other psychiatric disorders would be similar among gambling and substance use disorders. The current study examines whether changes in gambling diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV to DSM-5 correspond to changes in prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders among disordered gamblers that result in prevalence rates more similar to those observed in alcohol and cannabis use disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-019-09839-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Self-reported Cannabis Use and Changes in Body Mass Index, CD4 T-Cell Counts, and HIV-1 RNA Suppression in Treated Persons with HIV.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Cannabis use is prevalent among HIV-positive persons, but evidence regarding the impact of cannabis in HIV-positive persons is limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive adults initiating their first antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. A dedicated intake form assessed self-reported cannabis use in the preceding 7 days at each visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02430-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Modeling the Function of TATA Box Binding Protein in Transcriptional Changes Induced by HIV-1 Tat in Innate Immune Cells and the Effect of Methamphetamine Exposure.

Front Immunol 2018 4;9:3110. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Neurosciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, United States.

Innate immune cells are targets of HIV-1 infection in the Central Nervous System (CNS), generating neurological deficits. Infected individuals with substance use disorders as co-morbidities, are more likely to have aggravated neurological disorders, higher CNS viral load and inflammation. Methamphetamine (Meth) is an addictive stimulant drug, commonly among HIV+ individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369711PMC
February 2019

Preoperative Interventions for Alcohol and Other Recreational Substance Use: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:34. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Preoperative alcohol and other recreational substance use (ORSU) may catalyze perioperative complications. Accordingly, interventions aiming to reduce preoperative substance use are warranted. Studies investigating interventions to reduce alcohol and/or ORSU in elective surgery patients were identified from: Cochrane Library; MEDLINE; PSYCINFO; EMBASE; and CINAHL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369879PMC
February 2019

Effects of Housing First approaches on health and well-being of adults who are homeless or at risk of homelessness: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: Homelessness is associated with poor health. A policy approach aiming to end homelessness across Europe and North America, the 'Housing First' (HF) model, provides rapid housing, not conditional on abstinence from substance use. We aimed to systematically review the evidence from randomised controlled trials for the effects of HF on health and well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2018-210981DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiology of perinatal substance use: Exploring trends in maternal substance use.

Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Over the last two decades, the prevalence of substance use among women of childbearing age has risen dramatically in the United States making substance use during pregnancy a significant public health concern. This article offers a general overview of the epidemiology of perinatal substance use focusing primarily on the United States but when available international trends will be presented as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.siny.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Should antipsychotic medications for schizophrenia be given for a lifetime? Replication of a naturalistic, long-term, follow-up study of antipsychotic treatment.

CNS Spectr 2019 Feb 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

4College of Medicine,University of Illinois,Chicago,Illinois,USA.

Objective: Because ethically and practically a randomized control trial of antipsychotics will never be done, we recently conducted and reported a 8- to 50-year, naturalistic follow-up from an academic clinic of patients with chronic schizophrenia on antipsychotic medication. We found that better medication adherence was a statistically significant predictor of better long-term global outcome and life satisfaction. Because there were important limitations on our findings, we now in this communication, using similar methodology, detail outcomes for a very different sample-inner city patients with chronic schizophrenia with a long past history of antipsychotic treatment, who were enrolled in clinical trials for new medications for schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S109285291800144XDOI Listing
February 2019

Psychiatric hospitalization following antipsychotic medication cessation in first episode psychosis.

J Psychopharmacol 2019 Feb 19:269881119827883. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

2 Epidemiology of Psychiatric Conditions, Substance Use, and Social Environment, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background:: There are questions about the risk-benefit balance of longer-term antipsychotic medication treatment following first episode psychosis, especially in relation to relapse because of dopamine supersensitivity following treatment cessation.

Aim:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether hospitalization rates in first episode psychosis patients are associated with length of initial oral antipsychotic medication exposure.

Methods:: We examined psychiatric hospitalization rates in patients experiencing first episode of psychosis from the total population of Sweden between 1 January 2007-31 December 2016 ( n=7043). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269881119827883DOI Listing
February 2019

Toward more efficient diagnostic criteria sets and rules: The use of optimization approaches in addiction science.

Addict Behav 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychological Science, University of Missouri, United States.

Psychiatric diagnostic systems, such as The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), use expert consensus to determine diagnostic criteria sets and rules (DCSRs), rather than exploiting empirical techniques to arrive at optimal solutions (OS). Our project utilizes complete enumeration (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Study protocol for a pragmatic trial of the Consult for Addiction Treatment and Care in Hospitals (CATCH) model for engaging patients in opioid use disorder treatment.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2019 Feb 19;14(1). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Office of Behavioral Health, NYC Health + Hospitals, 125 Worth St, New York, NY, 10013, USA.

Background: Treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) is highly effective, yet it remains dramatically underutilized. Individuals with OUD have disproportionately high rates of hospitalization and low rates of addiction treatment. Hospital-based addiction consult services offer a potential solution by using multidisciplinary teams to evaluate patients, initiate medication for addiction treatment (MAT) in the hospital, and connect patients to post-discharge care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0135-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Multiple Health Behaviors Engagement in an African American Cohort: Clustering Patterns and Correlates.

Health Educ Behav 2019 Feb 18:1090198119826207. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

1 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

We investigated class clustering patterns of four behaviors-physical activity, fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake, smoking, and alcohol use-in a faith-based African American cohort. Guided by socio-ecological models, we also examined the psychosocial and neighborhood social environmental factors associated with the clustering patterns. Participants were 1,467 African American adults recruited from a mega church in the metropolitan Houston, TX, in 2008-2009. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198119826207DOI Listing
February 2019

Human Trafficking and Emerging Sex Risk Environments in Vietnam: A Preliminary Profile of a Sex Work "Shared House".

J Hum Traffick 2017 8;3(2):107-115. Epub 2016 Oct 8.

Center for Applied Research on Men and Community Health, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Young male sex workers (YMSW) in Vietnam have high rates of HIV and STIs, yet have poor access to healthcare due low knowledge, stigma, and economic constraints. In the process of implementing a Sexual Health Promotion intervention to engage YMSW in Ho Chi Minh City in healthcare, we identified a unique sex work venue, known as a "Shared House," in which YMSW provide sex under the direction of a manager who negotiates the terms of the transaction directly with the client. Survey data reveal that compared with YMSW recruited in other locations, those interviewed in Shared Houses reported lower levels of substance use, less contact with the police, and fewer nights spent sleeping in pubic places. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23322705.2016.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23322705.2016.1193343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377201PMC
October 2016
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Is susceptibility to E-cigarettes among youth associated with tobacco and other substance use behaviors one year later? Results from the PATH study.

Prev Med 2019 Feb 16;121:109-114. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States of America; Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States of America.

E-cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among youth. In addition to harm potential, e-cigarette use is associated with initiating cigarette smoking. Limited research exists whether susceptibility to e-cigarette use is a risk factor for future tobacco and other substance use initiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

[Transition of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Implications for treatment of adults].

Medicina (B Aires) 2019 ;79 Suppl 1:72-76

Centro de Salud de Catarroja, Valencia, España.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, complex and multifactorial neurodevelopmental disorder associated with high rates of concurrent psychiatric disorders, along with problems and complications on different areas of individual functioning. ADHD is not exclusively a childhood disorder, 40-60% persisting into adulthood with an estimated prevalence of 2.5-5%. Read More

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January 2019

Frequency of Group Sex Participation and Risk for HIV/STI Among Young Adult Nightclub Scene Participants.

Int J Sex Health 2018 26;30(1):12-19. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Center for Applied Research on Substance Use and Health Disparities Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Objectives: This study examines frequency of group sex participation and associated characteristics and behaviors among a sample of heterosexual young adult participants in Miami's nightclub scene ( = 498).

Methods: Baseline survey assessments were analyzed using zero-inflated binomial regression.

Results: Forty-one percent of the sample reported group sex participation history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2017.1385561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377238PMC
October 2017

Positive Risk Taking in Adolescence.

Child Dev Perspect 2019 Mar 6;13(1):48-52. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Temple University.

Adolescents are more likely to take risks than children or adults. This propensity can be directed toward negative (illegal and dangerous) or positive (socially acceptable and constructive) risk behaviors. Adolescents who take positive risks include teenagers winning Olympic medals for landing snowboard tricks and students protesting gun violence on a national platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12310DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371981PMC

Childhood abuse and psychotic experiences in adulthood: findings from a 35-year longitudinal study.

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Mar;214(3):153-158

Associate Professor,Department of Psychological Medicine,University of Otago and Deputy Director, Christchurch Health and Development Study,New Zealand.

Background: The extent to which exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse increases the risk of psychotic experiences in adulthood is currently unclear.AimsTo examine the relationship between childhood sexual and physical abuse and psychotic experiences in adulthood taking into account potential confounding and time-dynamic covariate factors.

Method: Data were from a cohort of 1265 participants studied from birth to 35 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2018.264DOI Listing

Recovery, peer support and confrontation in services for people with mental illness and/or substance use disorder.

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Mar;214(3):130-132

Local Recovery Coordinator,WJB Dorn VA Medical Center,USA.

SummaryMental illness recovery has been described as an outcome (symptom free) or process (symptom management) where peer supporters are essential. Whereas, substance use disorder recovery endorses outcome alone: achieving recovery once abstinent. Peer supporters with an abstinence agenda use confrontation for those in denial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2018.242DOI Listing

"We Weren't Raised that Way": Using Stigma Management Communication Theory to Understand How Families Manage the Stigma of Substance Abuse.

Health Commun 2019 Feb 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Department of Communication , Wayne State University.

While people who abuse substances experience widespread health and social consequences stemming from their substance use, these consequences also extend to their family through stigmatization. Such stigma has implications for families' mental and physical health, as well as their overall quality of life. This study seeks to fill a gap in research surrounding the stigma experienced by families with a history of substance abuse by investigating how affected family members experience and communicatively manage stigma messages relating to their family member's substance abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1567443DOI Listing
February 2019

The Value of Lived Experience With the Criminal Justice System: A Qualitative Study of Peer Re-entry Specialists.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Feb 17:306624X19830596. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

1 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Dallas, USA.

The aim of this article was to describe the implementation and qualitative outcomes of peer reentry specialists ("peers") on housing attainment, mental health, and substance use problems, and increased life domain functioning. One-on-one interviews were conducted with peers and clients to understand the program implementation, peer experiences, and progress toward target outcomes. Data were iteratively coded using inductive thematic identification and data reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19830596DOI Listing
February 2019

Case-Control Retrospective Study of Child Sexual Abuse History among Psychiatric Consultations in a General Hospital Emergency Room.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):77-81

Department of Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a variety of physical and psychiatric illnesses, including ischemic heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of past CSA and re-traumatization among hospital psychiatric consultations and to determine whether a CSA group in a hospital setting shared characteristics with community samples described in the literature.

Methods: We divided 228 consecutive psychiatric consultations into two groups. Read More

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February 2019
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