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    1 OF 214

    Dural-Based Cavernous Malformation at the Cerebral Convexity: Report of Two Pediatric Patients.
    World Neurosurg 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Intracranial (cavernous malformations) CMs are usually located at the cerebral parenchyma, dural-based CMs outside the middle fossa are rarely reported. To our knowledge, dural-based CMs located at the cerebral convexity are even rarer that only two pediatric cases were ever reported. In this report, we present two extremely rare cases of dural-based CMs at the cerebral convexity in pediatric patients. Read More

    Sotatercept with long-term extension for the treatment of anaemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes: a phase 2, dose-ranging trial.
    Lancet Haematol 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Malignant Hematology, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.
    Background: Myelodysplastic syndromes are characterised by ineffective erythropoiesis leading to anaemia. Sotatercept (ACE-011) is a novel activin receptor type IIA fusion protein that acts as a ligand trap to neutralise negative regulators of late-stage erythropoiesis. The aim of the study was to establish a safe and effective dose of sotatercept for the treatment of anaemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. Read More

    Clinical Epidemiology of Head Injury from Road-Traffic Trauma in a Developing Country in the Current Era.
    Front Neurol 2017 15;8:695. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Clinical Nursing Department, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Objectives: Africa and other Asian low middle-income countries account for the greatest burden of the global road-traffic injury (RTI)-related head injury (HI). This study set out to describe the incidence, causation, and severity of RTI-related HI and associated injuries in a Nigerian academic neurosurgical practice.

    Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of RTI-related HI from a prospective HI registry in an academic neurosurgery practice in Nigeria. Read More

    Burr hole trepanation for chronic subdural hematomas: is surgical education safe?
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Jan 8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Zurich & Clinical Neuroscience Center, University of Zurich, Frauenklinikstrasse 10, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: There is a paucity of data concerning the safety and efficacy of surgical education for neurosurgical residents in the evacuation of chronic subdural hematomas (cSDH) by burr hole trepanation.

    Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on consecutive patients receiving burr hole trepanation for uni- or bilateral cSDH. Patients operated by a supervised neurosurgery resident (teaching cases) were compared to patients operated by a board-certified faculty neurosurgeon (BCFN; non-teaching cases). Read More

    Blossoming contusions: identifying factors contributing to the expansion of traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage.
    J Neurosurg 2018 Jan 5:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
    OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. Each year, more than 1.7 million patients present to the emergency department with TBI. Read More

    Thrombolysis Alert in Hassan II University Teaching Hospital of Fez (Morocco): A Prospective Study of 2 Years.
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2017 Dec 29. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Department of Neurology, Hassan II University Teaching Hospital, Fez, Morocco; Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research, and Health Community, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah University, Fez, Morocco.
    Background: Thrombolysis alert (TA) is a procedure triggered every time a patient consults for sudden focal neurological deficit within 4.5 hours.

    Objective: We aimed to determine firstly the etiological profile of TA and secondly to evaluate the delays in the management not only of thrombolyzed patients but also of nonthrombolyzed patients to determine the intrahospital delays to optimize. Read More

    Repeated short-term recurrence of a chronic subdural hematoma associated with metastasis to hematoma capsule originating from extracranial malignant tumor.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
    Background: The recurrence rate of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) after trepanation is relatively high, and involves various factors. We encountered an extremely rare case in which metastasis of an extracranial malignant tumor to the hematoma capsule was thought to be causing short-term repeated recurrences of CSDH.

    Case Description: The patient was a 74-year-old man who had undergone burr-hole evacuation of left CSDH 7 months earlier and had been receiving chemotherapy for stage IV gastric cancer for the preceding 6 months. Read More

    Managing Nonoperable Intracranial Bleeding Associated With Apixaban: A Series of 2 Cases.
    J Pharm Pract 2018 Feb 14;31(1):107-111. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    3 School of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.
    Objective: To report 2 cases of nonoperable intracranial bleeding associated with apixaban managed by 3-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC3).

    Case Summaries: Case 1 presented with a 1.3-cm left parieto-occipital hemorrhage and a thin subdural hematoma (SDH) on the left tentorium of the brain about 6 hours after his last dose of apixaban. Read More

    Which surgical procedure is effective for refractory chronic subdural hematoma? Analysis of our surgical procedures and literature review.
    J Clin Neurosci 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular Research Institute, Eisyokai Yoshida Hospital, Kobe, Japan.
    Refractory chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is rare but remains a difficulty for neurosurgeons, and no consensus on treatment procedures has been established. To discuss effective surgical procedures for refractory CSDH, we analyzed our surgical procedures and outcomes for refractory CSDH. We defined patients with refractory CSDH as those who presented with two or more recurrences. Read More

    A propensity score analysis of the impact of surgical intervention on unexpected 30-day readmission following admission for subdural hematoma.
    J Neurosurg 2017 Dec 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Departments of 2 Neurosurgery and.
    OBJECTIVE Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common disease that is increasingly being managed nonoperatively. The all-cause readmission rate for SDH has not previously been described. This study seeks to describe the incidence of unexpected 30-day readmission in a cohort of patients admitted to an academic neurosurgical center. Read More

    [Surgical Treatment for Traumatic Acute Subdural Hemorrhage in the Posterior Cranial Fossa:Three Cases Reports and Review of the Literature].
    No Shinkei Geka 2017 Dec;45(12):1101-1107
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Defense Medical College.
    Acute subdural hemorrhage(ASDH)in the posterior cranial fossa is rare. Extremely unfavorable outcomes are reported among cases accompanied by supratentorial hematoma, brainstem contusion, or intracerebellar contusion. We report three cases surgically evacuated several times for traumatic ASDH in the posterior cranial fossa simultaneously accompanied by supratentorial hematomas. Read More

    Outcome of traumatic brain injury in elderly population: A tertiary centre experience from a developing country.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, INDIA.
    Background: The increasing ratio of elderly population has contributed to increased incidence of TBI in this cohort. Authors put forward their institutional experience in the management of elderly TBI.

    Materials And Methods: A 3-year retrospective analysis of 73 consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years admitted with TBI at our university hospital was performed. Read More

    A case of neuromyelitis optica diagnosed with a chronic subdural hematoma.
    J Rural Med 2017 Nov 30;12(2):126-129. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hokuto Hospital, Japan.
    Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is often found in the elderly owing to slight head trauma and is associated with several neurological disorders. Neurological deficits are cured by a simple surgical removal of the hematoma; however, these deficits persist if there is insufficient hematoma removal. It is rare for patients to continue having neurological disorders once the hematoma is removed. Read More

    Propofol Related Infusion Syndrome: Ultrastructural Evidence for a Mitochondrial Disorder.
    Crit Care Med 2018 Jan;46(1):e91-e94
    Institute of Pathology and Neuropathology, University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Objective: The objective of this report of a fatal propofol-related infusion syndrome in a young adult was to present-to our knowledge for the first time-direct ultrastructural evidence for the central role of mitochondrial damage in the pathogenesis of this syndrome.

    Data Sources: Histological and electron microscopical analysis of liver, skeletal, and heart muscle obtained by autopsy and blood obtained from patient.

    Study Selection: Case report. Read More

    Prognostic factors of acute neurological outcomes in infants with traumatic brain injury.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Division of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Acute Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1, Oyaguchikamichou, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify risk factors for poor neurological outcomes and distinctive characteristics in infants with traumatic brain injury.

    Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed data of 166 infants with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage from three tertiary institutions in Japan between 2002 and 2013. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify clinical symptoms, vital signs, physical findings, and computed tomography findings associated with poor neurological outcomes at discharge from the intensive care unit. Read More

    Radiologic Factors Predicting Deterioration of Mental Status in Patients with Acute Traumatic Subdural Hematoma.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 14. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Gyonggi-do, Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: To evaluate whether subdural hematoma (SDH) volume and other radiologic factors predict deterioration of mental status in patients with acute traumatic SDH.

    Methods: SDH volumes were measured with a semiautomated tool. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine optimal cutoff values for mental deterioration, including the variables midline shift, SDH volume, hematoma thickness, and Sylvian fissure ratio. Read More

    Factors predicting reoperation of chronic subdural hematoma following primary surgical evacuation.
    J Neurosurg 2017 Dec 15:1-8. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Neurosurgical Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    OBJECTIVE Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is commonly encountered in neurosurgical practice. However, surgical evacuation remains complicated by a high rate of reoperation. The optimal surgical approach to reduce the reoperation rate has not been determined. Read More

    Clinical characteristics and prognosis of traumatic head injury following road traffic accidents admitted in ICU "analysis of 694 cases".
    Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2017 Dec 12. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Intensive Care, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, 3029, Sfax, Tunisia.
    Background: The aim of the present study is to analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) following Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs). Moreover, we aim to evaluate the outcome of the TBI victims referred to our medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and to define predictive factors associated with poor prognosis.

    Methods: A retrospective study over a 4-year period (2009 to 2012) of 694 patients with head injuries, incurred during road traffic accidents, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a university hospital (Sfax-Tunisia). Read More

    Efficacy of Reinforced Restriction of Physical Activity on Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Prospective Pilot Study.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Neurology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common entity in neurosurgical practice. However, as a result of the high rate in recurrence, morbidity, and mortality for surgical management, conservative management of CSDH is emerging as a new treatment strategy. Head trauma is a known risk factor of CSDH and plays as an initiator in the genesis of CSDH. Read More

    Traumatic Brain Injury Profile of an Elderly Population in Puerto Rico.
    P R Health Sci J 2017 Dec;36(4):237-239
    School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus.
    Objective: Describe the types of traumatic brain injury secondary to falls sustained by the members of an elderly population who received services at the Puerto Rico Medical Center and the demographic profile of that population.

    Methods: A group of 332 adults (60 years and over) assessed for traumatic brain injury secondary to falls suffered in 2013 were included in the analysis. The cases were retrieved from the computerized database of the Neurosurgery Section. Read More

    Spontaneous pure subacute subdural haematoma without subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by rupture of middle cerebral artery aneurysm.
    Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive care, Military Hospital Sainte-Anne, boulevard Sainte-Anne, 83000 Toulon, France; École du Val-de-Grâce, 74, boulevard Port-Royal, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address:

    Impact of Road Traffic Injury to Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in Southern Thailand.
    J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017 Oct-Dec;8(4):601-608
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind Hospital, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.
    Background: Motor vehicle is a major transportation in Southern Thailand as the result of road traffic injury and death. Consequently, severe disability and mortality in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) were observed from traffic accident, particularly motorcycle accident. To identify the risk of intracranial injury in children, the association of treatment outcome with various factors including mechanisms of injury, clinical characteristics, and intracranial pathology can be assessed. Read More

    Spontaneous acute arterial subdural haematoma.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Dec 1. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Nepean Public Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
    Background: Spontaneous acute arterial subdural haematoma (SDH) is a rare entity caused by haemorrhage from a cortical perisylvian artery without a known precipitant.

    Case Description: A 53 year old man presented with a two day history of acute onset headache and dysphasia. He had a generalised seizure on arrival to hospital. Read More

    Two occurrences of delayed epidural hematoma in different areas following decompressive craniectomy for acute subdural hematoma in a single patient: a case report.
    BMC Surg 2017 Dec 4;17(1):123. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou City, 213003, China.
    Background: Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially in a single patient.

    Case Presentation: A 19-year-old man who developed contralateral DEH following craniotomy for evacuation of a traumatic right-side ASDH and then developed a left-side DEH of the posterior cranial fossa after craniotomy for evacuation of the contralateral DEH. He was immediately returned to the operating room for additional surgeries and his neurological outcome was satisfactory. Read More

    Postoperative Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Multipunctate Intracerebral Hemorrhages Following Evacuation of Bilateral Chronic Subdural Hematomas.
    Korean J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 31;13(2):149-152. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea.
    Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be easily treated by burr hole surgery. However, several complications including intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and acute subdural hematoma are rare after evacuation of a CSDH. A 77-year-old man was admitted with right hemiparesis and dysarthria. Read More

    Remote Hemorrhage after Burr Hole Drainage of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.
    Korean J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 31;13(2):144-148. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea.
    Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and symptomatic subdural hygroma are common diseases that require neurosurgical management. Burr hole trephination is the most popular surgical treatment for CSDH and subdural hygroma because of a low recurrence rate and low morbidity compared with craniotomy with membranectomy, and twist-drill craniotomy. Many reports suggest that placing a catheter in the subdural space for drainage can further reduce the rate of recurrence; however, complications associated with this type of drainage include acute subdural hematoma, cortical injury, and infection. Read More

    Clinical Features and Outcomes of Bilateral Decompression Surgery for Immediate Contralateral Hematoma after Craniectomy Following Acute Subdural Hematoma.
    Korean J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 31;13(2):108-112. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
    Objective: Immediate contralateral epidural hematoma (EDH) and traumatic intracerebral hematoma (T-ICH) after craniectomy for traumatic subdural hematoma (SDH) are rare but devastating post-operative complications. Their clinical features and outcomes are not well studied. In this report, we present the clinical features and outcomes of immediate contralateral acute hematoma cases requiring a second operation. Read More

    Clinical Features of Interhemispheric Subdural Hematomas.
    Korean J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 31;13(2):103-107. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.
    Objective: Interhemispheric subdural hematoma (IHSDH) is uncommon, because of their unusual location. However, it is a distinct lesion with its unique characteristics. We investigated clinical features and outcomes of consecutive 42 patients with IHSDH, retrospectively. Read More

    Intracranial Myeloid Sarcoma Metastasis Mimicking Acute Subdural Hematoma.
    Case Rep Surg 2017 22;2017:3056285. Epub 2017 Oct 22.
    University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA.
    Myeloid sarcoma, a rare consequence of myeloproliferative disorders, is rarely seen in the central nervous system, most commonly in the pediatric population. Although there are a handful of case reports detailing initial presentation of CNS myeloid sarcoma in the adult population, we have been unable to find any reports of CNS myeloid sarcoma presenting as a large mass lesion in a herniating patient. Here, we present the case of a patient transferred to our facility for a very large subdural hematoma. Read More

    Application of YL-1 Needle in Chronic Subdural Hematoma Treatment for Super-Aged Patients.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jan;29(1):e90-e94
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kowloon Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Suzhou, China.
    Objective: The proportion of the super-aged population (at the age of 80 or above) in patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and the incidence of CSDH of the population have been increasing. Since it is widely accepted that YL-1 needle is effective in CSDH treatment, this paper aimed to probe into the efficacy of YL-1 needle in minimally invasive surgery for super-aged (at the age of 80-90) CSDH patients.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis on the clinical information of 17 super-aged CSDH patients having received the YL-1 needle puncture treatment provided by the hospital from May 2012 to December 2016 was performed. Read More

    Flexible endoscopically assisted evacuation of acute and subacute subdural hematoma through a small craniotomy: preliminary results.
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Feb 30;160(2):241-248. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kurashiki Central Hospital, 1-1-1 Miwa, Kurashiki, Okayama, 710-8602, Japan.
    Background: The first choice to treat acute subdural hematoma (SDH) is a large craniotomy under general anesthesia. However, increasing age or comorbid burden of the patients may render invasive treatment strategy inappropriate. These medically frail patients with SDH may benefit from a combination of small craniotomy and endoscopic hematoma removal, which is less invasive and even available under local anesthesia. Read More

    No Value of Routine Brain Computed Tomography 6 Weeks after Evacuation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.
    Surg J (N Y) 2017 Oct 27;3(4):e174-e176. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.
    Background  The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of planned control postoperative brain computed tomography (CT) scan performed 4 to 6 weeks after the evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma. Materials and Methods  This retrospective study examined 202 patients who during a 2-year period from 2011 and 2012 underwent surgical treatment for chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Information on patient age, sex, alcohol consumption, anticoagulant/antiplatelet treatment, history of head trauma, Glasgow coma scale (GCS), neurological symptoms, laterality of CSDH, and surgical technique was retrieved from patient charts. Read More

    Intraventricular hemorrhage possibly extending from an infratentorial subdural hematoma via a perforated suprapineal recessus in a full-term neonate.
    Surg Neurol Int 2017 1;8:266. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Department of Pediatric Neurology, Fukuoka Children's Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Background: Although intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is very rarely reported in full-term neonates, it may occur in children with perinatal trauma, asphyxia, and coagulation disorders, and may originate in the choroid plexus and residual subependymal germinal matrix layer.

    Case Description: We present the case of a full-term baby with IVH. She had no perinatal problems or coagulation disorders. Read More

    Acute on chronic bilateral subdural hematoma presenting with acute complete flaccid paraplegia and urinary retention mimicking an acute spinal cord injury: a case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2017 Nov 28;10(1):627. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    National Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
    Background: A subdural hematoma refers to a collection of blood between the dura and the arachnoid membranes and is classified into acute, sub acute and chronic. Subdural hematoma has been referred to as the "great neurologic imitator" as it can mimic many neurological conditions.

    Case Presentation: Forty-three year old Sri Lankan female presented 2 weeks following traumatic head injury with bilateral flaccid complete paraplegia and urinary retention. Read More

    Early Seizure Prophylaxis in Traumatic Brain Injuries Revisited: A Prospective Observational Study.
    World J Surg 2017 Nov 20. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Los Angeles County + University of Southern California (LAC + USC) Medical Center, 2051 Marengo Street, Inpatient Tower (C), Rm C5L100, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA.
    Introduction: Pharmacological prophylaxis for early seizures following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a recommendation in the Brain Trauma Foundation Guidelines. However, several studies have challenged the efficacy and safety of this practice, resulting in varied practice across centers around the world. The purpose of the present study was to compare the incidence of early clinical seizures following TBI, between two large centers, a US Center that practises routine seizure prophylaxis and a Chinese Center that does not use seizure prophylaxis following TBI. Read More

    The Relationship Between Hematoma and Pachymeninges in an Interdural Hematoma: Diagnosis and Surgical Strategy.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Nov 16. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Saint Paul's Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background: The exact location of a hematoma in relation to the pachymeninges contributes to typical radiographic presentations. However, because of the complexity of hematoma evolution and neomembrane formation, an unexpected intraoperative finding can lead to a change of surgical strategy. In addition, the concentration of hemoglobin and its degradation products, the integrity of red blood cells, and the infiltration of fibroblasts, polymorphonuclear neutrophils, and macrophages are factors that affect the imaging characteristics on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging as the hematoma ages. Read More

    Shaken baby syndrome: what certainty do we have?
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Oct 6;33(10):1727-1733. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Hôpital Roger Salengro, 59037, Lille Cedex, France.
    Background: Shaken baby syndrome is a common and devastating disease in infants. In spite of its frequency, many controversies persist, regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management.

    Aim Of The Study: We reviewed several salient and challenging issues related to SBS, like its pathogenesis, predisposing factors, differential diagnosis, and prevention programs. Read More

    Ethiop Med J 2017 Jan;55(1):63-8
    Background: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in people younger than 40 years of age worldwide.

    Objective: The study primarily aims at assessing the short-term outcome of patients operated for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage.

    Patients And Methods: This is a hospital based cross sectional study on patients with traumatic brain injury at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, between February 2013 and February 2014. Read More

    Quantitative analysis of the level of readability of online emergency radiology-based patient education resources.
    Emerg Radiol 2017 Nov 15. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals, 132 South 10th Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.
    Purpose: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. Read More

    Factors Associated Postoperative Hydrocephalus in Patients with Traumatic Acute Subdural Hemorrhage.
    J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2017 Nov 25;60(6):730-737. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
    Objective: Postoperative hydrocephalus is a common complication following craniectomy in patients with traumatic brain injury, and affects patients' long-term outcomes. This study aimed to verify the risk factors associated with the development of hydrocephalus after craniectomy in patients with acute traumatic subdural hemorrhage (tSDH).

    Methods: Patients with acute traumatic SDH who had received a craniectomy between December 2005 and January 2016 were retrospectively assessed by reviewing the coexistence of other types of hemorrahges, measurable variables on computed tomography (CT) scans, and the development of hydrocephalus during the follow-up period. Read More

    Risk Factors of Delayed Surgical Intervention after Conservatively Treated Acute Traumatic Subdural Hematoma.
    J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2017 Nov 25;60(6):723-729. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Objective: Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is generally considered a condition that should be managed surgically. However, some patients initially receive conservative treatment, a subset of whom require surgical intervention later. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of delayed surgical intervention in ASDH patients who are initially managed conservatively. Read More

    Delayed Burr Hole Surgery in Patients with Acute Subdural Hematoma: Clinical Analysis.
    J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2017 Nov 25;60(6):717-722. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and efficacy of delayed burr hole surgery in relation to the reduction of postoperative subdural hematoma (SDH) volume in patients with acute SDH.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with acute SDH who received delayed burr hole surgery at our institute. Age, sex, Glasgow coma scale, maximal SDH thickness, volume of SDH, midline shifts, hounsfield unit (HU), and medical history of anticoagulant agent usage were recorded. Read More

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