1,254 results match your criteria Subdural Empyema

Subdural empyema, brain abscess, and superior sagittal sinus venous thrombosis secondary to .

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 Jan 1;56(1):88-91. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

can be frequently isolated from brain abscesses, but is a rare cause of the liver, lung, and deep tissue abscesses. In this report, we present a patient with subdural empyema, brain abscess, and superior sagittal cerebral venous thrombosis as complications of rhinosinusitis whose purulent empyema sample yielded . A 13-year-old female patient was referred to our pediatric intensive care unit with altered mental status, aphasia, and behavioral change. Read More

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January 2021

TWO CASES OF CRONOBACTER SAKAZAKII MENINGITIS IN INFANTS: The Importance Of Early Advanced Brain Imaging And Public Health Reporting.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

From the Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics Department of Pathology, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

We report 2 infants hospitalized with Cronobacter sakazakii meningitis. Each infant had exposure to powdered infant formula at home. Both infants survived, but 1 infant had a subdural empyema drained and developed left sensorineural hearing loss. Read More

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Orbital Cellulitis Secondary to Dental Abscess in Children.

Cureus 2021 Apr 9;13(4):e14392. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Ophthalmology Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, MYS.

Paediatric orbital cellulitis is a potential sight- and life-threatening condition. It is a serious infection in children that can result in significant complications, including blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, subdural empyema, and brain abscess. Of the patients with orbital cellulitis, 17% died from meningitis, and 20% of the survivors had permanent loss of vision. Read More

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Intracranial complications after surgical removal of nasal polyps.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;2021(4):rjab109. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Acute otitis media can be caused by viruses (nonsuppurative inflammation) and bacteria (suppurative inflammation). The suppurative inflammation is a risk factor for endocranial complications, including subdural empyema burdened with a high mortality. The authors present a clinical case of a 67-year-old man treated by surgery for a subdural empyema in the course of the acute suppurative otitis media. Read More

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Campylobacter fetus meningitis and subdural empyema.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Unidad de Infecciosas, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Ourense, Orense, España.

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Suspected chronic subdural haemorrhage as a sequela of subdural empyema in an Irish Setter.

L Motta

J Small Anim Pract 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

North West Veterinary Specialists, Delamere House, Ashville Point, Sutton Weaver, WA7 3FW, UK.

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Neuroradiology of infectious diseases.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2021 Jun;34(3):228-237

Section of Infectious Diseases, UT Health McGovern Medical School, Houston, Texas, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Early diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infections is crucial given high morbidity and mortality. Neuroimaging in CNS infections is widely used to aid in the diagnosis, treatment and to assess the response to antibiotic and neurosurgical interventions.

Recent Findings: The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines have clear recommendations for obtaining a computerized tomography of the head (CTH) prior to lumbar puncture (LP) in suspected meningitis. Read More

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Early intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for group A β-haemolytic streptococcal meningitis with toxic shock syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 4;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Intensive Care Unit, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia.

A woman in her forties was transferred to a Sydney (Australia)-based tertiary hospital, following presentation to a regional hospital with group A Streptococcus (GAS) otomastoiditis; complicated by meningitis, venous sinus thrombosis, haemorrhagic cerebral infarction and subdural empyema. She rapidly deteriorated with profound cardiovascular collapse. Despite initiation of high dose vasoactive therapy, she remained shocked and developed multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. Read More

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Hyperbaric oxygen for intracranial abscess.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 First Quarter;48(1):97-102

Departments of Anesthesiology and Medicine, Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University, North Carolina U.S.

The term "intracranial abscess" (ICA) includes cerebral abscess, subdural empyema, and epidural empyema, which share many diagnostic and therapeutic similarities and, frequently, very similar etiologies. Infection may occur and spread from a contiguous infection such as sinusitis, otitis, mastoiditis, or dental infection; hematogenous seeding; or cranial trauma. In view of the high morbidity and mortality of ICA and the fact that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) is relatively non-invasive and carries a low complication rate, the risk-benefit ratio favors adjunct use of HBO2 therapy in selected patients with intracranial abscess. Read More

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Brain MRI in Epstein-Barr Virus Meningoencephalitis in Children.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2020 Sep-Oct;23(5):621-624. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Medanta, The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India.

Background And Purpose: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) meningoencephalitis can have variable and nonspecific brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in children. This study was done with the purpose of describing brain MRI findings in children with EBV meningoencephalitis.

Materials And Methods: The study included 45 pediatric patients that presented with variable neurological symptoms and were found to have EBV meningoencephalitis based on positive EBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in the cerebrospinal fluid. Read More

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February 2020

Intracranial Tubercular Subdural Empyema: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Pediatr Neurosci 2020 Jul-Sep;15(3):266-269. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Human Behavior & Allied Sciences (IHBAS), Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in developing countries. Approximately 1 million children became ill with TB in year 2016. Neurotuberculosis is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Read More

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November 2020

Towards improved outcome in children treated surgically for spontaneous intracranial suppuration in South Wales.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Jan 11:1-4. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Wales & Noah's Ark Children's Hospital, Cardiff, UK.

Introduction: Spontaneous central nervous system (CNS) infections in children are rare. Treatment involves surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy. We describe a single centre experience of managing this condition in South Wales. Read More

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January 2021

The serious complications of frontal sinusitis, a case series and literature review.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Dec 31;2020(12):rjaa474. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Omran General Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of this study is to illustrate the managements of different clinical and radiological presentations of serious complications of frontal sinusitis diagnosed and managed at the tertiary referral hospital. A case series study conducted at the tertiary referral in the period from 2012 to 2019. Four different cases of serious complications of frontal sinusitis namely orbital abscess, frontal meningitis, subdural empyema and frontal lobe abscess will be presented and discussed. Read More

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December 2020

Paediatric Investigators Collaborative Network on Infections in Canada (PICNIC) study of the current landscape of invasive meningococcal disease in children.

Can Commun Dis Rep 2020 Oct 1;46(10):339-343. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Paediatrics, Western University, London, ON.

Background: Immunizations have led to a decrease in the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Canada, but this infection still leads to significant morbidity and mortality.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the burden of illness and management of IMD in paediatric hospitals.

Methods: Data were collected on all cases of IMD in eight paediatric hospitals from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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October 2020

Long-term outcomes in the treatment of pediatric skull base chordomas in the endoscopic endonasal era.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2020 Nov 20:1-10. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Departments of1Neurological Surgery and.

Objective: Pediatric skull base chordoma is a rare entity that is traditionally considered to display aggressive behavior with an increased risk of recurrence. There is an absence of literature examining outcomes in the pediatric population in general and using the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA).

Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed all patients with skull base chordomas presenting by the age of 18 years to the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh or the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2004 to 2019. Read More

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November 2020

Subdural Empyema Complicating a Giant Fronto-Ethmoidal Osteoma.

Asian J Neurosurg 2020 Jul-Sep;15(3):737-740. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hassan II Hospital, Medical School of Fez, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco.

Osteomas of the paranasal sinuses rarely lead to intracranial manifestations. We present an unusual case of a giant frontal sinus osteoma leading to subdural empyema formation. Determine the origin and the optimal surgical approach of these unusual lesions by analyzing giant osteomas of the frontal and ethmoidal sinuses in the literature. Read More

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Large Chronic Calcified Subdural Hematoma with Empyema-A Long-Term Complication following Shunt Surgery.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2020 Oct 23;11(4):673-674. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sawai Man Singh Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

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October 2020

Suppurative Intracranial Complications of Pediatric Sinusitis: A Single-Center Experience.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2021 Apr;10(3):309-316

Center for Data Driven Discovery in Biomedicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Suppurative intracranial complications of sinusitis are rare events in children and can lead to harmful neurologic sequelae and significant morbidity. We sought to review the presentation and management of patients admitted at our hospital with these conditions.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of pediatric patients admitted to a quaternary children's hospital from 2007 to 2019 for operative management of sinusitis with intracranial extension. Read More

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Non-medial infectious orbital cellulitis: etiology, causative organisms, radiologic findings, management and complications.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2020 Sep 7;10(1):22. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Poostchi Eye Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Orbital cellulitis is an ophthalmic emergency, which is associated with vision-threatening adverse effects. The purpose of this study is investigating etiology, radiologic findings, management and complications of patients with non-medial orbital cellulitis.

Method: A retrospective medical record and radiologic file review of patients with infectious orbital cellulitis was performed to detect all patients with non-medial orbital cellulitis who referred to Khalili hospital from 2016 to 2019. Read More

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September 2020

Endoscopic Evacuation of a Panhemispheric Subdural Empyema.

World Neurosurg 2020 12 2;144:106-111. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Subdural empyema (SDE) is a well-known entity in pediatric populations and is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Large scale evacuation of empyema, although effective, places the bone flap at risk of failure when replaced.

Case Description: We report the case of a 19-year-old man with a history of a shunted left middle fossa cyst presenting with a panhemispheric SDE after removal of his cystoperitoneal shunt by an outside facility. Read More

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December 2020

Pediatric subdural empyema as a complication of meningitis: could CSF protein/CSF glucose ratio be used to screen for subdural empyema?

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Feb 1;180(2):415-423. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Subdural empyema (SDE) is a rare condition which can appear secondary to meningitis in childhood, especially in infants. This study was planned to evaluate and compare clinical and laboratory features, treatment, and outcome of children with SDE to those with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) without SDE. The electronic medical files of 266 patients diagnosed with ABM between January 2009 and December 2019 were evaluated. Read More

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February 2021

Subdural empyema caused by .

Surg Neurol Int 2020 1;11:216. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States.

Background: is a species of Gram-negative enteric rod found in normal human gut flora. Pathologically, this most often presents as urinary tract infections, wound infections, and bacteremia. It is highly uncommon for to be implicated in a central nervous system infection, with only 12 reported cases of parenchymal abscesses or meningitis. Read More

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Postoperative empyema following chronic subdural hematoma surgery: Clinically based medicine.

Neurochirurgie 2020 Nov 27;66(5):365-368. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Service de neurochirurgie, CHU de Clermont Ferrand, 58, rue Montalembert, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; Université Clermont-Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France; SIGMA Clermont, CNRS, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Introduction: Subdural empyema (SDE) is a rare complication of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) surgery. We introduced antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) for this procedure in 2014 following a morbidity-mortality conference (MMC) in our department. We report the results of retrospective data analysis to assess the effect of systematic AP and to identify risk factors for SDE. Read More

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November 2020

Secondary encephalocele in an adult leading to subdural empyema.

IDCases 2020 24;21:e00916. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Department of Radiology, Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10305, USA.

Brain abscesses are an uncommon but potentially fatal infection. They can spread directly from an adjacent source or hematogenously from a distant source. Encephaloceles represent a rare form of neural tube defects that can potentially be complicated by the development of meningitis or brain abscess. Read More

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Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis-Case series and review of the literature.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 10 16;197:106092. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, Box 208042, Tompkins East 2, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT 06520-8042, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare, life-threatening disease with infectious thrombosis causing associated complications resulting in high morbidity and mortality. We report a series of CST patients with assessment of arterial and intracranial complications.

Methods: We used the radiology database from a large, academic tertiary care center to collect all patients treated with CST between 2002 and 2019. Read More

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October 2020

Immediate replacement of bone flap after craniotomy for empyema in children.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Feb 20;37(2):475-479. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Division of Neurosurgery, BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Purpose: Optimal management of the bone flap after craniotomy for intracranial infection has not been well defined in the pediatric population. This study reviewed the outcomes of a single Canadian center where immediate replacement of the bone flap was standard practice.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of all patients who underwent craniotomies for evacuation of epidural or subdural empyema at a single center from 1982 to 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Giant chronic calcified subdural empyema: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2020 Jul 11;14(1):95. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Chronic calcified subdural empyema is an exceedingly rare central nervous system infection with a handful of cases published to date. Reported cases presented with nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. The duration between the initial onset of symptoms and diagnosis can vary drastically from a few years to up to 46 years. Read More

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Combined microsurgical fluorescence for optimizing resection in refractory empyema and cerebritis.

Childs Nerv Syst 2020 09 29;36(9):1835-1841. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Vírgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.

Purpose: Due to the generalization of new microsurgical equipment, intraoperative fluorescence techniques have extended in neurosurgical practice, mainly in neurovascular and neuro-oncology patients. The aim of identifying pathological tissue and also differentiating from the normal brain helps neurosurgeons to approach other kinds of intracranial entities such as infections.

Methods: It is described in the case of an 11-year-old patient who underwent a subdural empyema by performing a craniotomy and evacuation of the purulent collection. Read More

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September 2020

Chronic subdural hematoma-incidence, complications, and financial impact.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2020 09 10;162(9):2033-2043. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tampere University Hospital and Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.

Objective: To examine the population-based incidence, complications, and total, direct hospital costs of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) treatment in a neurosurgical clinic during a 26-year period. The aim was also to estimate the necessity of planned postoperative follow-up computed tomography (CT).

Methods: A retrospective cohort (1990-2015) of adult patients living in Pirkanmaa, Finland, with a CSDH was identified using ICD codes and verified by medical records (n = 1148, median age = 76 years, men = 65%). Read More

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September 2020