414 results match your criteria Striatonigral Degeneration

Heterogeneity of Multiple System Atrophy: An Update.

Kurt A Jellinger

Biomedicines 2022 Mar 3;10(3). Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Institute of Clinical Neurobiology, Alberichgasse 5/13, A-1150 Vienna, Austria.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal, rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disease of uncertain etiology, clinically characterized by various combinations of Levodopa unresponsive parkinsonism, cerebellar, autonomic and motor dysfunctions. The morphological hallmark of this α-synucleinopathy is the deposition of aberrant α-synuclein in both glia, mainly oligodendroglia (glial cytoplasmic inclusions /GCIs/) and neurons, associated with glioneuronal degeneration of the striatonigral, olivopontocerebellar and many other neuronal systems. Typical phenotypes are MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and a cerebellar variant (MSA-C) with olivocerebellar atrophy. Read More

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Interleukin-4 Aggravates LPS-Induced Striatal Neurodegeneration In Vivo via Oxidative Stress and Polarization of Microglia/Macrophages.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jan 5;23(1). Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea.

The present study investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-4 on striatal neurons in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-injected rat striatum in vivo. Either LPS or PBS as a control was unilaterally injected into the striatum, and brain tissues were processed for immunohistochemical and Nissl staining or for hydroethidine histochemistry at the indicated time points after LPS injection. Analysis by NeuN and Nissl immunohistochemical staining showed a significant loss of striatal neurons at 1, 3, and 7 days post LPS. Read More

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January 2022

History of Ataxias and Paraplegias with an Annotation on the First Description of Striatonigral Degeneration.

Cerebellum 2021 Nov 3. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Service of Neurology, University Hospital "Marqués de Valdecilla (IDIVAL)", University of Cantabria, and "Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED)", Santander, Spain.

The aim of this paper is to carry out a historical overview of the evolution of the knowledge on degenerative cerebellar disorders and hereditary spastic paraplegias, over the last century and a half. Original descriptions of the main pathological subtypes, including Friedreich's ataxia, hereditary spastic paraplegia, olivopontocerebellar atrophy and cortical cerebellar atrophy, are revised. Special attention is given to the first accurate description of striatonigral degeneration by Hans Joachim Scherer, his personal and scientific trajectory being clarified. Read More

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November 2021

A historical review of multiple system atrophy with a critical appraisal of cellular and animal models.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2021 10 6;128(10):1507-1527. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by striatonigral degeneration (SND), olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), and dysautonomia with cerebellar ataxia or parkinsonian motor features. Isolated autonomic dysfunction with predominant genitourinary dysfunction and orthostatic hypotension and REM sleep behavior disorder are common characteristics of a prodromal phase, which may occur years prior to motor-symptom onset. MSA is a unique synucleinopathy, in which alpha-synuclein (aSyn) accumulates and forms insoluble inclusions in the cytoplasm of oligodendrocytes, termed glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs). Read More

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October 2021

Impaired age-dependent increases in phosphoglycerate kinase activity in red blood cells of Parkinson's disease patients.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 10 22;91:128-134. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Neurology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, 602-0841, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Impaired bioenergetics are partially involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK), an essential enzyme for glycolysis, has recently attracted attention due to its pathogenic role in PD and as a target for disease-modifying therapies. This study is aimed to evaluate the profiles of PGK activity in red blood cells (RBCs) of PD patients and controls. Read More

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October 2021

Neuropathology of multiple system atrophy: Kurt Jellinger`s legacy.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2021 Oct 28;128(10):1481-1494. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) is a rare, fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Its etiology and exact pathogenesis still remain poorly understood and currently no disease-modifying therapy is available to halt or slow down this detrimental neurodegenerative process. Hallmarks of the disease are α-synuclein rich glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs). Read More

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October 2021

ATH434 Reduces α-Synuclein-Related Neurodegeneration in a Murine Model of Multiple System Atrophy.

Mov Disord 2021 11 8;36(11):2605-2614. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Laboratory for Translational Neurodegeneration Research, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by aggregated α-synuclein (α-syn) in oligodendrocytes and accompanied by striatonigral and olivopontocerebellar degeneration and motor symptoms. Key features of MSA are replicated in the PLP-α-syn transgenic mouse, including progressive striatonigral degeneration and motor deterioration. There are currently no approved treatments for MSA. Read More

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November 2021

Expanding the spectrum of VAC14 related pediatric-onset neurological disease; striatonigral degeneration with brainstem involvement.

Eur J Med Genet 2021 Jan 25;64(1):104117. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Katip Çelebi University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Inborn Errors of Metabolism, Turkey.

VAC14 related childhood-onset striatonigral degeneration was first defined in 2016 in two unrelated children with sudden onset neurological disease and regression of developmental milestones. Up to now, 11 cases have been reported. VAC14 is a component of a trimolecular complex that tightly regulates the level of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PI (3, 5)P2) and PI (3, 5)P2 is critical for the survival of neural cells. Read More

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January 2021

A Clinicopathologic Study of Movement Disorders in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration.

Mov Disord 2021 03 6;36(3):632-641. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Despite the considerable overlap with atypical parkinsonism, a systematic characterization of the movement disorders associated with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is lacking.

Objective: The aim of this study is to provide a detailed description of the phenomenology and neuropathologic correlations of movement disorders in FTLD.

Methods: In this cohort study, movement disorder clinical data were retrospectively collected from medical records of consecutive patients with a postmortem diagnosis of FTLD from the Queen Square Brain Bank between January 2010 and December 2018. Read More

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The Peripheral Nervous System and Changes in Blood Pressure: Lights and Darkness.

Am J Hypertens 2020 10;33(10):958-961

Unidad de Epidemiología Clínica y Riesgo Vascular, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Spain.

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October 2020

Gradient subthalamic neurodegeneration and tau pathology in the hypoglossal nucleus as essential pathological markers of progressive supranuclear palsy - Richardson syndrome.

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2020 May 1;176(5):353-360. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Division of Human Pathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Progressive supranuclear palsy - Richardson syndrome (PSP-RS) was first described in 1964 by Steele et al. Tau pathology has not been reported in the hypoglossal nuclei of PSP-RS patients, whereas Steele et al. described gliosis with no remarkable neuronal losses in the hypoglossal nucleus. Read More

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Genes to treat excitotoxicity ameliorate the symptoms of the disease in mice models of multiple system atrophy.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2020 02 17;127(2):205-212. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by striatonigral degeneration and olivopontocerebellar atrophy. The main hallmark of MSA is the aggregation of alpha-synuclein in oligodendrocytes, which contributes to the dysfunction and death of the oligodendrocytes, followed by neurodegeneration. Studies suggested that oxidative-excitatory pathway is associated with the progression of the disease. Read More

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February 2020

MSA: From basic mechanisms to experimental therapeutics.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2020 04 23;73:94-104. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Division of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by rapidly progressive autonomic and motor dysfunction. Pathologically, MSA is mainly characterized by the abnormal accumulation of misfolded α-synuclein in the cytoplasm of oligodendrocytes, which plays a major role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Striatonigral degeneration and olivopontecerebellar atrophy underlie the motor syndrome, while degeneration of autonomic centers defines the autonomic failure in MSA. Read More

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Novel VAC14 variants identified in two Chinese siblings with childhood-onset striatonigral degeneration.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 02 26;8(2):e1101. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: VAC14 is a component of a trimolecular complex that tightly regulates the level of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate [PI (3,5) P2]. VAC14 pathogenic variants cause prominent vacuolation of neurons in basal ganglia of patients with childhood-onset striatonigral degeneration (SNDC).

Methods: We identified two siblings with SNDC. Read More

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February 2020

Investigation of somatic CNVs in brains of synucleinopathy cases using targeted SNCA analysis and single cell sequencing.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2019 12 23;7(1):219. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London, UK.

Synucleinopathies are mostly sporadic neurodegenerative disorders of partly unexplained aetiology, and include Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). We have further investigated our recent finding of somatic SNCA (α-synuclein) copy number variants (CNVs, specifically gains) in synucleinopathies, using Fluorescent in-situ Hybridisation for SNCA, and single-cell whole genome sequencing for the first time in a synucleinopathy. In the cingulate cortex, mosaicism levels for SNCA gains were higher in MSA and PD than controls in neurons (> 2% in both diseases), and for MSA also in non-neurons. Read More

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December 2019

Pathological changes in the cerebellum of patients with multiple system atrophy and Parkinson's disease-a stereological study.

Brain Pathol 2020 05 6;30(3):576-588. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Research Laboratory for Stereology and Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg Hospital, Nielsine Nielsens Vej 6B, DK-2400, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are synucleinopathies characterized by aggregation of α-synuclein in brain cells. Recent studies have shown that morphological changes in terms of cerebral nerve cell loss and increase in glia cell numbers, the degree of brain atrophy and molecular and epidemiological findings are more severe in MSA than PD. In the present study, we performed a stereological comparison of cerebellar volumes, granule and Purkinje cells in 13 patients diagnosed with MSA [8 MSA-P (striatonigral subtype) and 5 MSA-C (olivopontocerebellar subtype)], 12 PD patients, and 15 age-matched control subjects. Read More

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Multiple System Atrophy With Predominant Striatonigral Degeneration and TAR DNA-Binding Protein of 43 kDa Pathology: An Unusual Variant of Multiple System Atrophy.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2019 Nov 6;6(8):661-666. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Department of Pathology Columbia University Medical Center New York New York USA.

Background: The pathological hallmark in MSA is oligodendrocytic glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) containing α-synuclein, in addition to neuronal loss and astrogliosis especially involving the striatonigral and olivopontocerebellar systems. Rarely, TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43), a component of ubiquitinated inclusions observed mainly in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration has been demonstrated in cases of MSA and, more recently, was shown to colocalize with α-synuclein pathology in GCIs in 2 patients.

Methods: A 66-year-old woman presented with a syndrome characterized by spasticity, dysautonomia, bulbar dysfunction, and parkinsonism. Read More

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November 2019

Longitudinal Change of DAT SPECT in Parkinson's Disease and Multiple System Atrophy.

J Parkinsons Dis 2020 ;10(1):123-130

Department of Neurology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Both Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) are neurodegenerative disorder affecting striatonigral system. Although various lines of evidence demonstrate that dopaminergic neuron degeneration emerges before the onset of motor symptoms in PD, preclinical/prodromal progression of neurodegeneration is far less understood in MSA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify the difference in the progression of dopaminergic degeneration in MSA and PD using dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT SPECT). Read More

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Managing Parkinson's disease: moving ON with NOP.

Br J Pharmacol 2020 01 3;177(1):28-47. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Pharmacology, University of Ferrara and National Institute of Neuroscience, Ferrara, Italy.

The opioid-like neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP receptor) contribute to Parkinson's disease (PD) and motor complications associated with levodopa therapy. The N/OFQ-NOP receptor system is expressed in cortical and subcortical motor areas and, notably, in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra compacta. Dopamine depletion, as in rodent models of PD results in up-regulation of N/OFQ transmission in the substantia nigra and down-regulation of N/OFQ transmission in the striatum. Read More

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January 2020

MRI biomarkers of motor and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2020 04 10;73:85-93. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr. Room A343. MC-5235, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. Electronic address:

Parkinson's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with both motor and non-motor symptoms that contribute to functional impairment. To develop effective, disease modifying treatments for these symptoms, biomarkers are necessary to detect neuropathological changes early in the disease course and monitor changes over time. Advances in MRI scan sequences and analytical techniques present numerous promising metrics to detect changes within the nigrostriatal system, implicated in the cardinal motor symptoms of the disease, and detect broader dysfunction involved in the non-motor symptoms, such as cognitive impairment. Read More

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Homozygous variant, p.(Arg643Trp) in VAC14 causes striatonigral degeneration: report of a novel variant and review of VAC14-related disorders.

J Hum Genet 2019 Dec 8;64(12):1237-1242. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Department of Medical Genetics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

VAC14-related disorders include two distinct phenotypes, striatonigral degeneration [MIM# 617054] and Yunis-Varon syndrome. Striatonigral degeneration is a recently described childhood onset dystonia caused by pathogenic variants in VAC14. It is characterized by a period of apparent normalcy followed by abrupt onset neuroregression, dystonia, involuntary movements and degenerative brain lesions involving caudate nucleus, putamen and substantia nigra. Read More

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December 2019

White matter DNA methylation profiling reveals deregulation of HIP1, LMAN2, MOBP, and other loci in multiple system atrophy.

Acta Neuropathol 2020 01 18;139(1):135-156. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

The Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London, UK.

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal late-onset neurodegenerative disease. Although presenting with distinct pathological hallmarks, which in MSA consist of glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) containing fibrillar α-synuclein in oligodendrocytes, both MSA and Parkinson's disease are α-synucleinopathies. Pathologically, MSA can be categorized into striatonigral degeneration (SND), olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) or mixed subtypes. Read More

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January 2020

syndrome in two siblings with retinitis pigmentosa and neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2019 12 13;5(6). Epub 2019 Dec 13.

NYS Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities (IBR), Staten Island, New York 10314, USA.

Whole-exome sequencing was used to identify the genetic etiology of a rapidly progressing neurological disease present in two of six siblings with early childhood onset of severe progressive spastic paraparesis and learning disabilities. A homozygous mutation (c.2005G>T, p, V669L) was found in , and the clinical phenotype is consistent with the recently described -related striatonigral degeneration, childhood-onset syndrome (SNDC) (MIM#617054). Read More

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December 2019

Young-onset multiple system atrophy: Its rarity and heterogeneity.

Mov Disord 2019 07;34(7):1085-1086

Department of Neurology and Movement Disorder Center, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

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Cerebral Dopamine Neurotrophic Factor Diffuses Around the Brainstem and Does Not Undergo Anterograde Transport After Injection to the Substantia Nigra.

Front Neurosci 2019 11;13:590. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Institute of Biotechnology, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) has shown therapeutic potential in rodent and non-human primate models of Parkinson's disease by protecting the dopamine neurons from degeneration and even restoring their phenotype and function. Previously, neurorestorative efficacy of CDNF in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model of Parkinson's disease as well as diffusion of the protein in the striatum (STR) has been demonstrated and studied. Here, experiments were performed to characterize the diffusion and transport of supra-nigral CDNF in non-lesioned rats. Read More

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L-dopa response pattern in a rat model of mild striatonigral degeneration.

PLoS One 2019 10;14(6):e0218130. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Division of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Unresponsiveness to dopaminergic therapies is a key feature in the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and a major unmet need in the treatment of MSA patients caused by combined striatonigral degeneration (SND). Transgenic, alpha-synuclein animal models do not recapitulate this lack of levodopa responsiveness. In order to preclinically study interventions including striatal cell grafts, models that feature SND are required. Read More

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February 2020

Optostimulation of striatonigral terminals in substantia nigra induces dyskinesia that increases after L-DOPA in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

Br J Pharmacol 2019 07 21;176(13):2146-2161. Epub 2019 May 21.

Instituto Cajal, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC, Madrid, Spain.

Background And Purpose: L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) remains a major complication of L-DOPA therapy in Parkinson's disease. LID is believed to result from inhibition of substantia nigra reticulata (SNr) neurons by GABAergic striatal projection neurons that become supersensitive to dopamine receptor stimulation after severe nigrostriatal degeneration. Here, we asked if stimulation of direct medium spiny neuron (dMSN) GABAergic terminals at the SNr can produce a full dyskinetic state similar to that induced by L-DOPA. Read More

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Mutations in the mitochondrial complex I assembly factor NDUFAF6 cause isolated bilateral striatal necrosis and progressive dystonia in childhood.

Mol Genet Metab 2019 03 5;126(3):250-258. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Child Neurology, Hospital Vall d'Hebron - Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain; CIBERER, Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Red de Enfermedades Raras, Madrid, Spain; Faculty of Medicine, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Unitat Docent Vall d'Hebrón, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: To perform a deep phenotype characterisation in a pedigree of 3 siblings with Leigh syndrome and compound heterozygous NDUFAF6 mutations.

Method: A multi-gene panel of childhood-onset basal ganglia neurodegeneration inherited conditions was analysed followed by functional studies in fibroblasts.

Results: Three siblings developed gait dystonia in infancy followed by rapid progression to generalised dystonia and psychomotor regression. Read More

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Bilateral striatal necrosis due to homoplasmic mitochondrial 3697G>A mutation presents with incomplete penetrance and sex bias.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019 03 8;7(3):e541. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Neurology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Heteroplasmic mitochondrial 3697G>A mutation has been associated with leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), and LHON/MELAS overlap syndrome. However, homoplasmic m.3697G>A mutation was only found in a family with Leigh syndrome, and the phenotype and pathogenicity of this homoplasmic mutation still need to be investigated in new patients. Read More

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