794 results match your criteria Strabismus [Journal]


The enigmatic strabismus of Albrecht Dürer.

Strabismus 2019 Feb 13:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

a Goes Eye Centre.

The author discusses several of Albrecht Dürer's selfportraits. In some portraits his eyes are straight and in some others a divergent squint is present. Did Dürer do this on purpose or whas the squint indeed intermittently present? Analysis of the portrait of his mother gave the explanation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2019.1560977DOI Listing
February 2019

Bupivacaine injection combined with recession of antagonist rectus muscle to treat sensory strabismus.

Strabismus 2019 Feb 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP , São Paulo.

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the effect of bupivacaine injection at 1.5% combined with recession of the antagonist rectus muscle to treat sensory strabismus in adult patients.

Methods: Nine patients with a horizontal deviation, visual acuity of <20/60 in the worst-seeing eye, and no previous strabismus surgery were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2019.1568511DOI Listing
February 2019

Annual meeting of the Julius Hirschberg society in Antwerp, 17th century birthplace of studies on binocular vision.

Strabismus 2019 Jan 16:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

b Board of JULIUS-HIRSCHBERG-SOCIETY, Vienna.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2019.1559530DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Lights and darks of a picture. The life of Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, "il Guercino" - the squinter.

Strabismus 2019 Jan 9:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a International Vision Correction Research Centre (IVCRC), Department of Ophthalmology , University of Heidelberg , Heidelberg.

Purpose: To be cross-eyed is a wide-spread dysfunction of the eye and squinting is currently regarded as unattractive. However, in ancient times, societies saw squinting as a sign of piety or even beauty. Even Venus was depicted heterophoric quite often. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2019.1559532DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Superior oblique tuck: evaluation of surgical outcomes.

Strabismus 2018 Dec 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

b Ophthalmology , University Hospital Aintree , Liverpool.

Purpose: To report the surgical outcomes of the superior oblique tuck procedure in the management of superior oblique palsies performed at a single centre over a 25-year period.

Methods: A retrospective study of superior oblique tuck performed as a primary and secondary procedure by a single surgeon over a 25-year period between 1992 and 2016. We evaluated patient demographics, the angle of deviation pre- and post-surgery in prism dioptres (PD), amount of muscle tuck surgery performed (mm), complications (iatrogenic Brown's Syndrome) and improvement of diplopia post-operatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1559204DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Adherence syndrome following inferior oblique anteropositioning - a case report.

Strabismus 2018 Dec 20:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

a Aravind Eye Hospital Coimbatore, Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus , Aravind eye Hospital , Coimbatore.

Introduction: We report a case of inferior oblique (IO) muscle adherence with fat adherence, which developed following unilateral IO anteriorization (IOAT).

Methods: A 14-year-old child with V pattern left exotropia, bilateral IO overaction, bilateral dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), and strabismic amblyopia (OS) underwent recess/resect procedure along with IOAT. He developed consecutive esotropia and drooping of upper eyelid with marked limitation of levoelevation (-4). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1559205DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

The efficacy of superior rectus recession with simultaneous inferior oblique disinsertion on superior oblique palsy with superior rectus contracture.

Strabismus 2018 Dec 7:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Adnan Menderes University Medical School , Aydin , Turkey.

Purpose: The information about superior rectus (SR) recession in cases with SR contracture coexisting with superior oblique palsy (SOP) is very limited in previous literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of SR recession, as a combined procedure with inferior oblique (IO) disinsertion, in long-standing SOP with secondary SR contracture.

Methods: The medical records of the 145 patients operated for SOP were retrospectively reviewed and 15 patients who underwent SR recession met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1553986DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Visual functioning in adults with Idiopathic Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome (IINS).

Strabismus 2018 Dec 16;26(4):203-209. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus , Moorfields Eye Hospital , London.

Purpose: IINS is associated with mild/moderate visual impairment, strabismus and compensatory head postures (CHP), which can negatively impact quality of life. Standard visual acuity assessments tend to underestimate the effect of IINS on visual functioning. Published evidence on the effect of INS on quality of life is slowly emerging. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1526958DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of amblyopia in Bulgaria.

Strabismus 2018 Oct 16:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Medical University - Sofia , Sofia , Bulgaria.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of amblyopia in children, aged 4 to 10 years, in Bulgaria, who underwent a complete eye examination.

Methods: The study was designed as cross-sectional epidemiological study, and the results were calculated in percentages. A complete ophthalmological examination was performed on 1,675 children, aged 4 to 10 years (mean age 7. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1530266DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

A pilot study using electronic reminders for amblyopia treatment.

Strabismus 2018 Oct 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology , Wills Eye Hospital , Philadelphia , PA , USA.

Treatment compliance is the most important factor for predicting a successful outcome in amblyopia treatment. Electronic applications have been successfully employed in other medical conditions in an effort to improve compliance.

Aim: To determine whether a smartphone medical adherence application (app) (RxmindMe® Prescription/Medicine Reminder and Pill Tracker) may be successfully incorporated into the treatment plan of patients 3-7 years of age who have not previously been treated for amblyopia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1526959DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Letter to editor: "is microtropia a reliable indicator for the presence of amblyopia in anisometropic patients?" by Lysons and Tapley.

Strabismus 2018 Dec 4;26(4):210. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

a School of Optometry , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , AL.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1524916DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Processed amniotic membrane for conjunctival reconstruction in complex strabismus surgery.

Strabismus 2018 Aug 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

a Section for Strabismus, Neuroophthalmology and Oculoplastics , Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen Universitatsmedizin , Gottingen , Germany.

Introduction: In ophthalmology amniotic membrane is usually used for the treatment of corneal ulcerations and chemical burns of the ocular surface. Also, it is useful in the treatment of conjunctival defects. There are few publications on the long-term outcomes with the use of amniotic membrane to replace the conjunctiva. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1502794DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Michael Constantine Psellus (1020-1105 AD) and his definition of strabismus.

Strabismus 2018 09;26(3):155-157

c History of Medicine , Medical School, University of Crete , Crete , Greece.

Strabismus was a known eye misalignment since the Hippocratic era (ca 5th century BC). Hippocrates and his followers were the first to introduce the hypothesis of a hereditary condition. Many ancient Greek physicians like Galen (ca 2nd AD) provided several definitions, while Paul of Aegina (625-690 AD) was the scholar who introduced a method to treat it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1467470DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Is microtropia a reliable indicator of the presence of amblyopia in anisometropic patients?

Strabismus 2018 09 30;26(3):118-121. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

a Orthoptic Department , Royal Berkshire Hospital , Reading , UK.

Aim: A study was carried out to determine if the presence of microtropia with identity is a reliable indicator for the presence of amblyopia, and likely need for occlusion, following optical treatment in "straight-eyed" anisometropic children.

Method: A retrospective case note review was carried out of all children referred from Orthoptic school vision screening during a 10-year period. Children who had unequal visual acuity, no manifest strabismus and who were prescribed spectacles to correct anisometropia (inter-ocular difference one dioptre or more in any meridian) were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1503308DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Long-term follow-up after vertical extraocular muscle surgery to correct abnormal vertical head posture.

Strabismus 2018 09 30;26(3):150-154. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

b Department of Ophthalmology , Stanford University School of Medicine , Stanford , CA , USA.

Purpose: To report outcomes of vertical extraocular muscle surgery to correct abnormal vertical head posture in children with horizontal infantile nystagmus.

Methods: Retrospective case series of seven patients evaluated at one institution with abnormal vertical head position (chin-up or chin-down) in the setting of horizontal infantile nystagmus. All patients underwent bilateral vertical extraocular muscle surgery with the same surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1497667DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Global and regional estimates of prevalence of amblyopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Strabismus 2018 Jul 30:1-16. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

h Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran.

Background: Amblyopia is one of the most important causes of vision impairment in the world, especially in children. Although its prevalence varies in different parts of the world, no study has evaluated its prevalence in different geographical regions comprehensively. The aim of the present study was to provide global and regional estimates of the prevalence of amblyopia in different age groups via a systematic search. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1500618DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Surgical outcome of a new modification to muscle belly union surgery in heavy eye syndrome.

Strabismus 2018 Dec 30;26(4):198-202. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

a Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Objectives: To report the clinical outcomes of a new modification to muscle belly union surgery in heavy eye syndrome.

Methods: Muscle belly union was performed in patients with large-angle esotropia and characteristic findings of heavy eye syndrome on orbital imaging. After isolation of superior and lateral rectus muscle and passing a single armed suture in each muscle belly, approximation was achieved via tying of both arms of separate sutures together. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1502793DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

A modified vertical muscle transposition for the treatment of large-angle esotropia due to sixth nerve palsy.

Strabismus 2018 09 9;26(3):145-149. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

b Department of Ophthalmology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran.

Introduction: Multiple different procedures have been proposed to address complete sixth nerve palsy with severe abduction limitation. In this study, we report a modification of the Hummelsheim's procedure. It is in fact muscle pulley transposition that obviates the need for tenotomy or muscle splitting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1492621DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Convergence Spasm.

Strabismus 2018 09 12;26(3):122-125. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

c Royal Free London NHS Foundation trust , UK.

Background: Previous studies have shown that botulinum toxin can be an important adjunct to management of convergence spasm. However, we have not experienced the same level of success in our cohort of patients.

Methods: Using retrospective review, we collected data on patients presenting to our department with convergence spasm. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1483952DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

The Effect of Prism Adaptation on the Angle of Deviation in Convergence Excess Esotropia and Possible Consequences for Surgical Planning.

Authors:
Tess Garretty

Strabismus 2018 09 11;26(3):111-117. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

a Orthoptic Department, Multidisciplinary Outpatient Building , St James' University Hospital , Leeds , England.

Convergence excess esotropia describes a heterophoria with binocular single vision (BSV) on distance viewing that becomes esotropic on accommodation upon near fixation. Prism adaptation test (PAT) is a procedure routinely used to reveal the maximum angle of deviation preoperatively for many types of strabismus and has been shown to improve surgical outcomes; however, it is not conventionally used for convergence excess esotropia.

Aim: This study compares the angle of deviation at 1/3 m and 6 m before and after prism adaptation in subjects with convergence excess esotropia to determine if a masked distance angle of deviation can be demonstrated similar to the masked near angle of deviation in some intermittent exotropes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1481435DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Near Point of Convergence in Iranian Schoolchildren: Normative Values and Associated Factors.

Strabismus 2018 09 18;26(3):126-132. Epub 2018 May 18.

g Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Purpose: To determine the distribution of near point of convergence (NPC) and its related factors in 6 to 12-year-old children.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study in 2015, the urban and rural children of Shahroud, north of Iran, were sampled. All rural schoolchildren were invited to the study, and in the urban area, we conducted random cluster sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1475493DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Ocular Neuromyotonia: Case Reports and Literature Review.

Strabismus 2018 09 25;26(3):133-141. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

a Department of Ophthalmology , UZ Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.

Ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) is a rare eye movement disorder, presenting as a paroxysmal involuntary spasm of one or more extra-ocular muscles, that can persist for a few seconds up to several minutes. The phenomenon is caused by the contraction of an extra-ocular muscle, excited by a damaged nerve, which leads to delayed muscle relaxation. We present eight patients with this rare condition together with an overview of the literature on all published ONM cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1467469DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Recovery of a Disinserted Medial Rectus Muscle after Pterygium Surgery.

Strabismus 2018 09 19;26(3):142-144. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Chiang Mai University , Chiang Mai , Thailand.

Purpose: To report a case of recovery of a medial rectus which was accidentally disinserted after surgical treatment of a recurrent pterygium.

Method: Report of a case of inadvertent medial rectus disinsertion after pterygium excision at a secondary care hospital which was referred to a tertiary care hospital in Northern Thailand.

Result: A 40-year-old healthy woman was referred by a general ophthalmologist at a secondary care center to our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1465104DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Differences in the Stimulus Accommodative Convergence/Accommodation Ratio using Various Techniques and Accommodative Stimuli.

Strabismus 2018 06 4;26(2):53-61. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Department of Orthoptics and Visual Sciences, School of Health Sciences , International University of Health and Welfare , Ohtawara , Tochigi , Japan.

Purpose: To investigate differences in the stimulus accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio using various techniques and accommodative stimuli, and to describe a method for determining the stimulus AC/A ratio.

Methods: A total of 81 subjects with a mean age of 21 years (range, 20-23 years) were enrolled. The relationship between ocular deviation and accommodation was assessed using two methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1459746DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Tendon Elongation with Bovine Pericardium in Patients with Severe Esotropia after Decompression in Graves' Orbitopathy-efficacy and Long-term Stability.

Strabismus 2018 06 20;26(2):62-70. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

a Department of Ophthalmology , University Hospital Essen , Germany.

Background/aims: We performed a retrospective analysis to examine clinical results, establish a dose-effect coefficient and analyze the long-term efficacy of tendon elongation with bovine pericardium (Tutopatch®) for surgical correction of severe esotropia, occurring after three-wall orbital decompression for dysthyroid optic neuropathy in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO).

Methods: Tendon elongation of the medial rectus muscle (MR) was performed in our institution using an interponate of bovine pericardium in 60 patients (27 underwent unilateral and 33 bilateral surgery). Success-rate (total horizontal deviation of 10 prism-diopters (PD) or less and evidence of binocular single vision with or without prism glasses) and horizontal motility were examined 3 months, 1 and >4 years after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1450430DOI Listing
June 2018
20 Reads

Risk of Anterior Segment Ischemia Following Simultaneous Three Rectus Muscle Surgery: Results from a Single Tertiary Care Centre.

Strabismus 2018 06 16;26(2):77-83. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

b Child Sight Institute, Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus , L V Prasad Eye Institute , Hyderabad , India.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the risk of anterior segment ischemia (ASI) after simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All patients who underwent simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery from January 2003 to December 2014 were included. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1450429DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Preliminary Study: Impact of Strabismus and Surgery on Eye Movements When Children are Reading.

Strabismus 2018 06 5;26(2):96-104. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

a UMR 1141, INSERM - Université Paris 7, Robert Debré University Hospital , Paris , France.

Aim: To evaluate differences in eye movements during reading in strabismic children and in non-strabismic age-matched children, and to evaluate the potential effect of strabismus surgery on eye movement performance.

Methods: The eye movements of nine strabismic children from 11 to 15 years old were recorded with an eye tracker as they were reading a text under three visual conditions before and six months after eye surgery. The results were compared with those obtained from control groups of non-strabismic age-matched children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1445761DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Clinical and Histopathologic Features of Consecutive Exotropia.

Strabismus 2018 06 1;26(2):84-89. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

a Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate clinical and histopathologic features of consecutive exotropia.

Methods: Thirty patients with consecutive exotropia and negative forced duction testing underwent unilateral medial rectus resection and advancement. Abnormal scleral attachment (appearance of stretched scar or slipped muscle) was documented and compared with histopathology results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1444064DOI Listing
June 2018
20 Reads

Rectus Muscle Resection for Vertical Strabismus in Thyroid Eye Disease.

Strabismus 2018 06 27;26(2):71-76. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

c Ophthalmology Department , Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Norwich, Norfolk , UK.

Purpose: Rectus muscle resection in thyroid eye disease (TED) is generally avoided due to the risk of worsening restriction or reactivating inflammation. However, for some patients with large-angle strabismus or diplopia in primary gaze despite maximum recession surgery, rectus muscle resection may be beneficial. We report our surgical experience with rectus muscle resection in the management of vertical strabismus associated with TED. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1444067DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Simultaneous Superior Rectus Recession and Anterior Transposition of Inferior Oblique Muscle as a Surgical Option for Traumatically Lost Inferior Rectus Muscle.

Strabismus 2018 06 27;26(2):90-95. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

c Department of Cardiology , All India Institute of Medical Sciences , Rishikesh , India.

Purpose: To evaluate the role of simultaneous superior rectus (SR) recession and anterior transposition of inferior oblique (ATIO) muscle in patients with traumatically lost inferior rectus (IR) muscle.

Methods: Six patients with history of ocular trauma, followed by sudden onset vertical diplopia along with marked hypertropia (HT) and limitation of depression in abduction in the affected eye suggestive of IR disinsertion, were included in this prospective study. The patients were treated by simultaneous SR recession and ATIO muscle in the affected eye by limbal conjunctival approach under local anesthesia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1444066DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

Treatment of amblyopia: Part 2.

Authors:
Alfred Bangerter

Strabismus 2018 03 13;26(1):47-52. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1423717DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Role of a Standardized Prism Under Cover Test in the Assessment of Dissociated Vertical Deviation.

Strabismus 2018 03 2;26(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

Background: Dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) is commonly measured using a prism and alternate cover test (PACT), but some providers use a prism under cover test (PUCT). The aim of this study was to compare a standardized PUCT measurement with a PACT measurement, for assessing the magnitude of DVD.

Methods: Thirty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of DVD underwent measurement of the angle of deviation with the PACT, fixing with the habitually fixing eye, and with PUCT, fixing both right and left eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1391850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330102PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Response to this letter to the editor.

Strabismus 2018 06 1;26(2):105. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

b Fellowship in Ophthalmology , Hospital Servidores do Estado , Rio de Janerio , Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2018.1433622DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Soft Contact Lenses to Optimize Vision in Adults with Idiopathic Infantile Nystagmus: A Pilot Parallel Randomized Controlled Trial.

Strabismus 2018 03 15;26(1):11-21. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

a Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus , Moorfields Eye Hospital , London , UK.

Purpose: The optimal management of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is still unclear. Contact lenses (CL) may be superior to glasses in improving visual function in INS but it is not known whether their beneficial effects are due to optical correction alone, or to an additional proprioceptive effect, and whether soft CLs would be as effective as rigid CLs. There is little data on feasibility and and the present study aimed to provide this information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1418394DOI Listing
March 2018
16 Reads

Adjustable Strabismus Surgery under Topical Anesthesia: Alignment in Supine vs Seated Position.

Strabismus 2018 03 9;26(1):28-32. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

a Ocular Motility Section, Department of Ophthalmology , Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón , Madrid , Spain.

Purpose: To compare ocular deviation in the operating room depending on whether the patient is in supine decubitus or seated after single-stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia.

Material And Method: We performed a prospective observational study of 30 patients with horizontal and/or vertical strabismus who underwent single stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. Both distance and near deviation were evaluated before surgery, during surgery in both positions (seated and supine), and at 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1423362DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads

Long-term Surgical Outcomes in the Sagging Eye Syndrome.

Strabismus 2018 03 3;26(1):6-10. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

b Stein Eye Institute, University of California , Los Angeles , USA.

Background/aims: Strabismus due to sagging eye syndrome (SES) caused by age-related connective tissue involution is now an established cause of diplopia in older people. High suspicion of the condition results in early recognition, often obviating extensive neurological investigations and enabling surgical correction of the strabismus.

Methods: This retrospective study reviewed surgical results in 93 patients (40 males) of average age 68 ± 12 years, who had small-angle strabismus due to SES, during the 20-year period 1994-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1421676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5823780PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Dobrowolsky from St. Petersburg and Hosch from Basel reported improvement of myopia after atropine use in 1868 and 1871.

Strabismus 2018 03 2;26(1):46. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

b Centre for Ophthalmology , University of Tuebingen.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1421675DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Treatment of Amblyopia: Part 1.

Authors:
Alfred Bangerter

Strabismus 2017 12;25(4):222-230

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1418189DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Cortical Visual Connections via the Corpus Callosum are Asymmetrical in Human Infantile Esotropia.

Strabismus 2018 03 26;26(1):22-27. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

b Department of Radiology , Universitair Ziekenhuis Vrije Universiteit Brussel , Brussels , Belgium.

Purpose: Besides chiasmal hemidecussation, interhemispheric connections are likely important in human binocularity. The corpus callosum (CC) is the major fiber bundle in the mammalian brain which mostly connects homologous cortical areas in the two hemispheres. Visual interhemispheric connections were found abnormal in strabismic cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1418898DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Knobby Eye Syndrome.

Authors:
Joseph L Demer

Strabismus 2018 03 26;26(1):33-41. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

a Stein Eye Institute and Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Interdepartmental Program, and Bioengineering Interdepartmental Program , University of California , Los Angeles , USA.

Introduction: A spherical globe is traditionally assumed, but this study employed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to demonstrate frequent occurrence of non-spherical staphylomata in strabismic patients.

Methods: High-resolution, surface coil MRI was obtained in multiple image planes in 21 highly myopic subjects (36 eyes) and compared with 17 normal controls (33 eyes). Images were analyzed for axial length, aspect ratio of eye shape, and deflection of muscle paths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1418393DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5823791PMC
March 2018
31 Reads

Third cranial nerve palsy and Chikungunya virus infection.

Strabismus 2018 03 22;26(1):45. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

b Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University , Pune , India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1418899DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

A Conjunctival Retractor during Strabismus Surgery.

Strabismus 2018 03 20;26(1):42-44. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Fujita Health University Hospital , Toyoake , Aichi , Japan.

The use of a conjunctival retractor that expands a small incision in the conjunctiva/Tenon's capsule facilitated the performance of strabismus surgery through a fornix incision. A wide field of exposure revealed the entire area of the muscle insertion. While there is a risk of conjunctival tearing in elderly patients, the use of the retractor is valuable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1415363DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Induced Vertical Disparity on Horizontal Fusional Reserves.

Strabismus 2017 12 13;25(4):195-199. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

b Department of Optometry, School of Paramedical Sciences , Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of induced vertical disparity on horizontal fusional reserves at near.

Materials And Methods: In 170 healthy subjects wearing best corrective refraction, the negative and positive horizontal fusional reserves were measured with base-in (BI) and base-out (BO) prisms, respectively, in the presence of 0.5 prism diopters () and 1 vertical prisms placed in trial frames in front of the right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1396351DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Semistructured Observation of Population-based Eye Screening in The Netherlands.

Strabismus 2017 12 28;25(4):214-221. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam , the Netherlands.

Background: In the Netherlands, youth-healthcare (YHC) physicians screen children 7 times for vision disorders between the ages of 1 and 60 months. Examination consists of inspection of the external structures of the eye, fundus red reflex, Hirschberg test, pupillary reflexes, cover-uncover test, alternating-cover test, eye motility, monocular pursuit, and, from 36 months onwards, visual acuity (VA). We observed how well these tests are done. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09273972.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1395596DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

The Prevalence of Amblyopia and Its Determinants in a Population-based Study.

Strabismus 2017 12 16;25(4):176-183. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

f Department of Medical Surgical Nursing , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and its determinants in a population-based study in Mashhad County, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted on the population of Mashhad County aged >1 year using randomized stratified cluster sampling. Examinations were performed after selection of the participants and their free transportation to the sampling site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1391849DOI Listing
December 2017
5 Reads

Final Visual Outcomes and Treatment Received for Children Referred from a UK Primary School Visual Screening Program: A Comparison of An Orthoptic-led Program with Orthoptic-delivered Services.

Authors:
Tess Garretty

Strabismus 2017 12 14;25(4):184-190. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

a Orthoptic department , St James' University Hospital, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust , Leeds , UK.

There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined.

Results: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1392988DOI Listing
December 2017
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Third Cranial Nerve Palsy after a Chikungunya Virus Infection.

Strabismus 2017 12 14;25(4):172-175. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

b Ophthalmology department, Hospital dos Servidores, do Estado, Rio de Janerio , Brazil.

Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus from the same family as dengue and Zika. It is endemic in several parts of the world and has recently spread to Latin America. We report the case of a patient, aged 58 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who in 2013 developed an acute bilateral third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1391851DOI Listing
December 2017
5 Reads

Anomalous Lateral Rectus Muscle Band in a Case of Duane Retraction Syndrome.

Strabismus 2017 12 14;25(4):191-194. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

b BPS GMC for Women , Khanpur Kalan , Haryana , India.

Anomalous orbital structures are suspected in restrictive strabismus with features of severe globe retractions, overshoots, or synergistic movements. We report a case of suspected Duane syndrome that was found to have an anomalous band beneath the lateral rectus muscle. Such abnormal structures are rare, but it is important to identify and manage them to optimize outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273972.2017.1392989DOI Listing
December 2017
11 Reads