22,350 results match your criteria Strabismus [Journal]


Binocular Summation for Reflexive Eye Movements: A Potential Diagnostic Tool for Stereodeficiencies.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5816-5822

Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States.

Purpose: Stereoscopic vision, by detecting interocular correlations, enhances depth perception. Stereodeficiencies often emerge during the first months of life, and left untreated can lead to severe loss of visual acuity in one eye and/or strabismus. Early treatment results in much better outcomes, yet diagnostic tests for infants are cumbersome and not widely available. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Multimodal imaging in a patient with Prader-Willi syndrome.

Int J Retina Vitreous 2018 30;4:45. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California Irvine, 850 Health Sciences Road, Irvine, CA 92697 USA.

Background: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disease caused by loss of expression of the paternally inherited copy of several genes on the long arm of chromosome 15. Ophthalmic manifestations of PWS include strabismus, amblyopia, nystagmus, hypopigmentation of the iris and choroid, diabetic retinopathy, cataract and congenital ectropion uvea. An overlap between PWS and oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) has long been recognized and attributed to deletion of OCA2 gene located in PWS critical region (PWCR). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Review of Ocular Manifestations of Joubert Syndrome.

Genes (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;9(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1651 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA.

Joubert syndrome is a group of rare disorders that stem from defects in a sensory organelle, the primary cilia. Affected patients often present with disorders involving multiple organ systems, including the brain, eyes, and kidneys. Common symptoms include breathing abnormalities, mental developmental delays, loss of voluntary muscle coordination, and abnormal eye movements, with a diagnostic "molar tooth" sign observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the midbrain. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Consanguinity and its association with visual impairment in southern India: the Pavagada Pediatric Eye Disease Study 2.

J Community Genet 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

To determine the association of consanguinity with the occurrence of genetically transmitted eye diseases in rural and urban populations in Pavagada and Madhugiri taluks, Karnataka state, south India. This study was part of a population based cross-sectional prevalence survey, "The Pavagada pediatric eye disease study 2." As a part of the demographic data, trained investigators collected information on consanguinity from the parents of children identified for the study. Read More

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December 2018

Retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults: a prospective observational study.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 5;53(6):621-626. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montréal, Qué.

Objective: To characterize the ocular response to retrobulbar anaesthesia and to evaluate the efficacy of retrobulbar anaesthesia for adjustable strabismus surgery in adults.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Participants: Adult patients undergoing adjustable strabismus surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia. Read More

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December 2018

The effects of the age of onset of strabismus on monocular and binocular visual function in genetically identical twins.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 7;53(6):609-613. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Que. Electronic address:

Objective: Both genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of strabismus and subsequent ocular dominance and amblyopia. Our purpose was to compare the characteristics of sensory visual function in 2 adult monozygotic (genetically identical) twins who presented with esotropia at different ages.

Methods: Monocular and binocular visual function was measured in the twins. Read More

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December 2018

Visual function in children with primary brain tumors.

Curr Opin Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Departments of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the recent advances in understanding how primary brain tumors affect vision in children.

Recent Findings: Children with primary brain tumors may have vision loss due to involvement of their afferent visual pathways or from papilledema. These vision deficits may go unrecognized until later in life, years after treatment of the primary lesion. Read More

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December 2018

Prenatal and postnatal presentation of PRMT7 related syndrome: Expanding the phenotypic manifestations.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) is a member of a family of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosyl-l-methionine to nitrogen atoms on arginine residues. Arginine methylation is involved in multiple biological processes, such as signal transduction, mRNA splicing, transcriptional control, DNA repair, and protein translocation. Currently, 10 patients have been described with mutations in PRMT7. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Childhood neurodevelopment after prescription of maintenance methadone for opioid dependency in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Aim: To systematically review and meta-analyse studies of neurodevelopmental outcome of children born to mothers prescribed methadone in pregnancy.

Method: MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO were searched for studies published from 1975 to 2017 reporting neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with prenatal methadone exposure.

Results: Forty-one studies were identified (2283 participants). Read More

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December 2018

A standardized recession of the inferior oblique extraocular muscle - a safe and self-grading surgical procedure for trochlear nerve palsy: a 10-year material.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Purpose: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment in a large group of patients with trochlear nerve palsy, with emphasis on the self-grading effect of a standardized recession of the ipsilateral inferior oblique muscle.

Methods: All patients who underwent first-time surgery for trochlear nerve palsy in the period 2005-2014 in our department (n = 114) were retrospectively evaluated regarding pre- and postoperative data, surgical procedure, and the need for reoperations. Mean follow-up time was 8. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Clinical manifestations of orbital lesion in granulomatosis with polyangiitis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):178-185

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

One of the most common and potentially threatening manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is orbital lesion.

Purpose: To study the clinical course and prognosis of orbital lesions of various localization in GPA patients. Material and me-thods. Read More

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January 2018

Awareness of Eye Health and Diseases among the Population of the Hilly Region of Nepal.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):461-469

B.P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Purpose: To collect information regarding awareness and knowledge of eye health and diseases among the population of the hilly region of Nepal.

Methods: In a population-based survey, 1834 participants were enrolled in to the study. Field procedures included the development of a survey questionnaire, field orientation, pretesting, and household data collection. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Chromosomal microarray analysis of patients with Duane retraction syndrome.

Int Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey.

Purpose: Duane retraction syndrome (DS) is a rare congenital strabismus with genetic heterogeneity. The genetic causes of DS are not always of monogenic origin; various chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) have also been reported. The objective of our study was to characterize the CNVs, including gains and losses detected by high-resolution chromosomal microarray in patients with DS. Read More

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November 2018

Screening Examination of Premature Infants for Retinopathy of Prematurity.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(6)

This policy statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2013. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which may then result in visual loss or blindness. For more than 3 decades, treatment of severe ROP that markedly decreases the incidence of this poor visual outcome has been available. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A novel mutation causing recessive cutis laxa with unusual manifestations of bleeding diathesis and defective wound healing.

Turk J Haematol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Molecular Biology-Genetics and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Science, Engineering and Technology, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey.

Objective: Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type IIA (ARCL2A) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by loose and elastic skin, growth and developmental delay, and skeletal anomalies. It is caused by biallelic mutations in . Those mutations lead to increased pH in secretory vesicles and thereby to impaired glycosyltransferase activity and organelle trafficking. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning technique results in a tertiary Center for Thyroid Orbitopathy Related Strabismus.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 23;18(1):305. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, 34098, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Previous techniques resulted with low rates of successful fusion after the surgeries and high necessity of additional surgeries in the treatment of thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus. In this study, reviewing the results of our patients who had surgical correction with relaxed muscle positioning technique due to thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus to evaluate the effectiveness of the surgery was aimed.

Methods: The medical records of 8 patients who had surgical correction with intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning (IRMP) technique were studied retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

From gestalt to gene: early predictive dysmorphic features of PMM2-CDG.

J Med Genet 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Genetics and Molecular Medicine Department and Pediatric Institute of Rare Diseases (IPER), Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Phosphomannomutase-2 deficiency (PMM2-CDG) is associated with a recognisable facial pattern. There are no early severity predictors for this disorder and no phenotype-genotype correlation. We performed a detailed dysmorphology evaluation to describe facial gestalt and its changes over time, to train digital recognition facial analysis tools and to identify early severity predictors. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Factors related to amblyopia in congenital ptosis after frontalis sling surgery.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 21;18(1):302. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, 386 Ta-Chung 1st RD, Kaohsiung, 81346, Taiwan.

Background: Amblyopia is a main concern in children undergoing frontalis sling surgery for repairing congenital ptosis. This study aimed to evaluate factors related to amblyopia in children undergoing frontalis sling surgery.

Methods: IRB-approved retrospective review of children under the age of 12 who received frontalis sling surgery. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession in treatment of recurrent exotropia after bilateral medial rectus resection.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 21:1120672118795066. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

2 Department of Ophthalmology, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA.

Purpose:: To report the results of bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession for recurrent exotropia in cases where the primary surgery was a bilateral medial rectus resection.

Methods:: Retrospective chart review of 15 subjects who completed 6 months of follow-up. Data collected included patients' demographics and pre- and post-operative measurements of ocular alignment and motility. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Intermittent Exotropia Treatment with Dichoptic Visual Training Using a Unique Virtual Reality Platform.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Eye Institute , Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China .

We evaluated the effect of dichoptic visual training based on a unique virtual reality (VR) platform mounted display in patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT). A total of 25 IXT patients (8 men, 17 women) with a mean age of 12.3 years (range, 5-39 year) were recruited. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

New insight into the diagnostic cut-off value of serum anti-Toxocara IgG for ocular toxocariasis in uveitis patients.

J Helminthol 2018 Nov 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Ophthalmology,Faculty of Medicine,Zagazig University,Egypt.

Uveitis is one of the commonest causes of vision loss worldwide and its exact etiology is still not clarified in most patients. The current study is a trial to assess the efficacy of serum anti-Toxocara immunoglobulin G (IgG) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as a diagnostic tool for ocular toxocariasis (OT) and to detect OT prevalence and the associated ocular manifestations in sera of patients with uveitis. One hundred and twelve patients (62 females and 50 males) with uveitis were diagnosed by ophthalmologists, radiologists and rheumatologists according to ocular manifestations, laboratory and radiological investigations. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ocular Surface Leiomyoma in a Child after Strabismus Repair.

Ophthalmology 2018 Dec;125(12):1968

Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

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December 2018
2 Reads

Choroidal Ganglioneuronal Hamartoma in Neurofibromatosis Type-1.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):412

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November 2018
1 Read

Postoperative Stereopsis in Adult Patients With Horizontal Comitant Strabismus With Normal Vision Who Are Stereoblind.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):407-411

Purpose: To examine stereopsis in patients with comitant horizontal strabismus who had normal vision and were stereoblind following the strabismus surgery.

Methods: Twenty patients with primary comitant horizontal strabismus and normal corrected visual acuity were included in this study. The stereoacuity was quantitatively measured by the random dot butterfly stereotest, the Randot Preschool Stereoacuity Test (Stereo Optical, Inc. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Refractive Trend of Stage 3 Retinopathy of Prematurity.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):403-406

Purpose: To analyze the yearly refractive trend in patients with stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over a 7-year time period.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of 70 eyes of 35 patients with stage 3 ROP.

Results: Of the 70 eyes, 46 received laser ablation and 24 did not. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Systemic Associations of Childhood Glaucoma: A Review.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):397-402

Purpose: To review systemic associations of childhood glaucoma.

Methods: Patients younger than 15 years and diagnosed as having glaucoma were divided into four groups: isolated primary congenital glaucoma, glaucoma with other congenital ocular anomalies, congenital glaucoma with known systemic diseases, and secondary glaucoma. Prevalence and type of systemic associations in each group were studied. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Diagnosing and Treating Thyroid Ophthalmopathy.

Authors:
Rudolph S Wagner

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):355

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November 2018
5 Reads

Not Focusing on Myopia Is Shortsighted.

Authors:
Jeffrey Cooper

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):353-354

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November 2018

I Went in for a Routine Eye Examination.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov;55(6):352

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November 2018
2 Reads

Self-perception of School-Aged Children With Amblyopia and Its Association With Reading Speed and Motor Skills.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Importance: Reading and eye-hand coordination deficits in children with amblyopia may impede their ability to demonstrate their knowledge and skills, compete in sports and physical activities, and interact with peers. Because perceived scholastic, social, and athletic competence are key determinants of self-esteem in school-aged children, these deficits may influence a child's self-perception.

Objective: To determine whether amblyopia is associated with lowered self-perception of competence, appearance, conduct, and global self-worth and whether the self-perception of children with amblyopia is associated with their performance of reading and eye-hand tasks. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Securing extraocular muscles in strabismus surgery: biomechanical analysis of muscle imbrication and knot tying technique.

Authors:
Steven E Brooks

J AAPOS 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address:

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November 2018

Intravenous dexmedetomidine augments the oculocardiac reflex.

J AAPOS 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Alaska Children's EYE & Strabismus, Anchorage, Alaska; Chugach Anesthesia, Anchorage, Alaska.

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November 2018
1 Read

Clinical and imaging characteristics of posterior column ataxia with retinitis pigmentosa with a specific FLVCR1 mutation.

Ophthalmic Genet 2018 Dec 16;39(6):735-740. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus, and Adult Motility , Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Background: Posterior column ataxia retinitis pigmentosa (PCARP) with feline leukemia virus subgroup C cellular receptor 1 (FLVCR1) gene mutation is a rare disorder with significant ophthalmic features.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series study of patients diagnosed with PCARP and genetic testing positive for FLVCR1 mutation between 1 January 2015 and 1 October 2017 at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. Clinical charts, visual fields, fundus autofluorescence, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) were reviewed. Read More

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December 2018
10 Reads

[Clinical characteristics and treatment of congenital fibrovascular pupillary membranes].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;54(11):849-854

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing 100045, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics, surgical approaches and postoperative effects associated with congenital fibrovascular pupillary membranes. A retrospective study design was used. Thirteen children (13 eyes) with congenital fibrovascular pupillary membranes, treated in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were included. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Metabolic follow-up of a Croatian patient with gyrate atrophy and a new mutation in the gene: a case report.

Biochem Med (Zagreb) 2018 Oct;28(3):030801

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Gyrate atrophy (GA) of the choroid and retina is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that occurs due to deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme ornithine aminotransferase (OAT). Hyperornithinemia causes degeneration of the retina with symptoms like myopia, reduced night vision and progressive vision loss. Our patient is a 10-year-old girl with impaired vision and strabismus. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Circular and long non-coding RNAs and their role in ophthalmologic diseases.

Acta Biochim Pol 2018 11 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Long non-coding RNAs are 200 nucleotide long RNA molecules which lack or have limited protein-coding potential. They can regulate protein formation through several different mechanisms. Similarly, circular RNAs are reported to play a critical role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Ophthalmic manifestations in patients with Leigh syndrome, French Canadian type.

Ophthalmic Genet 2018 Dec 14;39(6):725-727. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke , Sherbrooke , Quebec , Canada.

Background: Leigh syndrome, French Canadian type is a rare neurodegenerative disease. To our knowledge, there have been no studies based on ocular findings published for this disease. The purpose of this study is to describe ophthalmic findings in these patients. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Clinical, Neuroimaging, and Pathological Analyses of 13 Chinese Leigh Syndrome Patients with Mitochondrial DNA Mutations.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Nov;131(22):2705-2712

Department of Neurology, Research Institute of Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China.

Background: Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare disease caused by mitochondrial defects and has high phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity. We analyzed the clinical symptoms, neuroimaging, muscular histopathology, and genotypes of 13 Chinese LS patients with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations.

Methods: Mutations in mtDNA were identified by targeted sequencing. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of strabismus in offspring: a meta-analysis.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

The effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on strabismus in offspring remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize epidemiological evidences on the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of offspring strabismus. Eligible studies were searched from the PubMed, Ovid, Embase and CNKI databases up to May 2018. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

[Clinical and laboratory characteristics and genetic diagnosis of Kabuki syndrome].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;56(11):846-849

Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100045, China.

To investigate the clinical features, laboratory characteristics and genetic diagnosis of Kabuki syndrome (KS). Between September 2014 and September 2016, seven children with clinically diagnosed KS from the neurology department, Beijing Children Hospital, Capital Medical University were included in this study. Three of them were male and 4 were female aged from 19 days to 6 years and 4 months with a median age of 3 years and 1 month. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Multiple steps determine CD73 shedding from RPE: lipid raft localization, ARA1 interaction, and MMP-9 up-regulation.

Purinergic Signal 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

General hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 300052, China.

Physiologically, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) expresses high levels of CD73 in their membrane, converting AMP to immune suppressive adenosine, mediates an anti-inflammatory effect. However, after being exposed to inflammatory factors, RPE rapidly becomes CD73-negative cells, which render RPE's immune suppressive function and accelerate local inflammation. Here, we investigated the mechanism leading to the loss of membrane CD73 in RPE. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
3.890 Impact Factor

Multiloculated Ciliary Body Cysts and Lenticular Coloboma: A Rare Phenotypic Variation Associated With Persistent Fetal Vasculature.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov 2;55:e39-e41. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

A case of a 4 year-old boy with persistent fetal vasculature, lenticular coloboma, and a benign, multiloculated ciliary body mass is reviewed. The presence of ciliary body cysts in association with persistent fetal vasculature is sparsely reported. Its presence in a child can cause a diagnostic dilemma and lead to amblyopia. Read More

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November 2018

Asymmetric Lateral Rectus Muscle Insertion Presenting as Esotropia in a Child With Alagille Syndrome.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov 2;55:e36-e38. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

A 2-year-old boy with Alagille syndrome who had esotropia underwent bilateral medial rectus recession. One month postoperatively, esotropia reoccurred and was aggravated thereafter. Right lateral rectus resection was unsuccessful because the insertion site could not be identified. Read More

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November 2018

A Rare Cause of Acute Anisocoria in a Child: The Angel's Trumpet Plant.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov 2;55:e33-e35. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Anisocoria is a significant finding in several ocular and potentially life-threatening neurological disorders. The angel's trumpet (Datura suaveolens), widely used as a garden plant, is a natural alkaloid with anticholinergic effects containing high levels of scopolamine. The authors present a pediatric case of acute anisocoria secondary to contact with the angel's trumpet plant. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A slippery slope.

Surv Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

A 74-year-old woman experienced chronic painless progressive binocular horizontal diplopia for two years. Initial examination showed a visual acuity of 20/20 OU. External exam and slit lamp exam was unremarkable. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Adhesion after Y-split procedure can affect its mechanism for treating overshoots in Duane's syndrome.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the extent of adhesion and changes in the Y configuration after the Y-split procedure, compared with the posterior fixation suture.

Methods: Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were included in the study. The 10-mm Y-split procedure was performed in the superior rectus muscle (SR) of one eye, and the 10-mm posterior fixation suture was made in the SR of the other eye. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads
1.910 Impact Factor

Use of iris pattern recognition to evaluate ocular torsional changes associated with head tilt.

Ther Adv Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Dec;10:2515841418806492. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: To describe the use of enhanced iris images and a computer software program to quantify ocular torsional changes associated with head tilt.

Methods: Pixel coordinates of the pupil and different iris landmarks were obtained manually using paint program from digital images of the right and left iris of 3 subjects with normal extraocular motility. Photographs of the right eye and of the left eye were taken in the straight-ahead position and at various degrees of right and left head tilt. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Altered Functional Connectivity of the Primary Visual Cortex in Adult Comitant Strabismus: A Resting-State Functional MRI Study.

Curr Eye Res 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

g State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , China.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the functional connectivity between the primary visual cortex and other cortical areas during rest in normal subjects and patients with comitant strabismus using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted. Ten patients with comitant exotropia and eleven matched healthy subjects underwent resting-state fMRI with their eyes closed. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads