258,863 results match your criteria Sports Participation by Paraplegics


Advances in Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS): Part I: Pathogenesis and Diagnostics.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):243-250. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Muscle Research Center Erlangen, Interdisciplinary Center for Muscle Research, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.

Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a type of ultrastructural muscle injury. The manifestation of DOMS is caused by eccentric or unfamiliar forms of exercise. Clinical signs include reduced force capacities, increased painful restriction of movement, stiffness, swelling, and dysfunction of adjacent joints. Read More

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December 2018

Ski Mountaineering - Evaluation of a Sports Specific Performance Diagnosis.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):233-242. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

SozialStiftung Bamberg, Sports Orthopedics, Bamberg.

Ski mountaineering (skimo) has recently gained popularity and established itself as a competition sport. It requires a specific training with a high hypoxic load. Although a variety of sport specific performance test protocols have been developed, a specific method for ski mountaineering (skimo) is pending. Read More

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December 2018
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Erythrocyte sedimentation rate as an independent prognostic marker for mortality: a prospective population-based cohort study.

J Intern Med 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: A very high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is usually an indication of underlying pathology. Additionally, a moderately elevated ESR may also be attributable to biological ageing. Whether the ESR is a prognostic factor for mortality, regardless of age, has been scarcely investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Markers of Accelerated Skeletal Muscle Regenerative Response in MRL/MpJ Mice: Characteristics of Muscle Progenitor Cells and Circulating Factors.

Stem Cells 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

The "super-healing" Murphy Roths Large (MRL/MpJ) mouse possesses a superior regenerative capacity for repair of many tissues, which makes it an excellent animal model for studying molecular and cellular mechanisms during tissue regeneration. Since the role of muscle progenitor cells (MPCs) in muscle healing capacity of MRL/MpJ mice has not been previously studied, we investigated the muscle regenerative capacity of MRL/MpJ mice following muscle injury, and the results were compared to results from C57BL/6 J (B6) age-matched control mice. Our results show that muscle healing upon cardiotoxin injury was accelerated in MRL/MpJ mice and characterized by reduced necrotic muscle area, reduced macrophage infiltration, and more regenerated myofibers (eMyHC+/centronucleated fibers) at 3, 5, and 12 days post-injury, when compared to B6 age-matched control mice. Read More

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December 2018

Hind- and Midfoot Bone Morphology Varies with Foot Type and Sex.

J Orthop Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

RR&D Center for Limb Loss and MoBility, VA Puget Sound, Seattle, WA.

Foot type has been associated with pain, injury, and altered gait mechanics. Morphological variations in foot bones due to foot type variation may impact surgical and therapeutic treatments. The purpose of this study was to utilize principal component analysis (PCA) to determine how morphology of the hind- and midfoot bones differs among foot types and sex. Read More

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December 2018

Physical activity energy expenditure and cardiometabolic health in three rural Kenyan populations.

Am J Hum Biol 2018 Dec 10:e23199. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objectives: Physical activity is beneficial for metabolic health but the extent to which this may differ by ethnicity is still unclear. Here, the objective was to characterize the association between physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and cardiometabolic risk among the Luo, Kamba, and Maasai ethnic groups of rural Kenya.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 1084 rural Kenyans, free-living PAEE was objectively measured using individually-calibrated heart rate and movement sensing. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of the strict control of blood pressure in pediatric renal transplant recipients-ESCORT trial.

Pediatr Transplant 2018 Dec 9:e13329. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Pediatrics and Transplantation Center, University Hospital Motol, 2nd Medical Faculty Prague, Charles University Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: Strict BP control can retard progression of CKD in children. This prospective 3-year randomized controlled trial is aimed to investigate whether strict BP control can retard progression of chronic allograft dysfunction.

Methods: Twenty-three pediatric patients were randomly selected to the standard BP group (STAND, target 24-hour MAP 50-95th percentile, n = 11) or the intensified BP group (INTENS, target 24-hour MAP <50th percentile, n = 12). Read More

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December 2018

Effects of short-term endurance exercise on gut microbiota in elderly men.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(23):e13935

Institute of Advanced Active Aging Research, Tokorozawa, Japan.

Regular exercise reduces the risks for cardiovascular diseases. Although the gut microbiota has been associated with fitness level and cardiometabolic risk factors, the effects of exercise-induced gut microbiota changes in elderly individuals are unclear. This study evaluated whether endurance exercise modulates the gut microbiota in elderly subjects, and whether these changes are associated with host cardiometabolic phenotypes. Read More

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December 2018
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Does a bounding exercise program prevent hamstring injuries in adult male soccer players? - A cluster -RCT.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Utrecht University, University Medical Center Utrecht, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neurosciences, Department Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Science & Sports, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Although the Nordic Hamstring Exercise (NHE) prevents hamstring injury in soccer players effectively, the annual incidence of these injuries still increases. This may be because of poor long-term compliance with the program. Furthermore, the timing and amplitude of gluteal and core muscle activation seem to play an important role in hamstring injury prevention, the NHE program was not designed to improve activation of these muscles. Read More

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December 2018

Gelatin-coating increases in-vivo bone formation capacity of three-dimensional 45S5-bioactive glass-based crystalline scaffolds.

J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Biomaterials, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Recent studies have demonstrated that surface characteristics, porosity, and mechanical strength of three-dimensional (3D) 45S5-type bioactive glass (BG)-based scaffolds are directly correlated with osteogenic properties. 3D-BG-scaffolds obtained from maritime natural sponges (MNS) as sacrificial templates exhibit the required morphological properties; however, no in-vivo data about the osteogenic features is available. In this study, uncoated (group A) and gelatin-coated (group B) crystalline MNS-obtained BG-scaffolds were evaluated mechanically and seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells prior to subcutaneous implantation in immunodeficient mice. Read More

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December 2018

A resistance exercise set for a total body workout for adults with intellectual disabilities, a pilot study.

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Resistance training has beneficial effects on fitness levels, cardiovascular disease risk, risk of sarcopenia and on performing activities of daily living. The focus of this study is to design a total body resistance exercise set for adults with intellectual disabilities (RESID) with minimal equipment required and to test its feasibility.

Method: The RESID was selected in an expert meeting, and its feasibility was determined in a cross-sectional pilot study. Read More

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December 2018

Additional benefit of local infiltration of analgesia to femoral nerve block in total knee arthroplasty: double-blind randomized control study.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, 185-1 Oko-cho Kohasu, Nankoku, 783-8505, Japan.

Purpose: Multimodal analgesia has become an important concept in current pain management following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, controversy remains over what is the most accepted combination. In this study, the additional benefits of local infiltration of analgesia to femoral nerve block were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of caffeine on long-term potentiation-like effects induced by quadripulse transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Exp Brain Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Neuro-Regeneration, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima, Japan.

Caffeine, an adenosine receptor antagonist, is known to affect sleep-awake cycles, the stress response, and learning and memory. It has been suggested that caffeine influences synaptic plasticity, but the effects of caffeine on synaptic plasticity in the human brain remain unexplored. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of caffeine on long-term potentiation (LTP)-like effects in the primary motor cortex of healthy humans. Read More

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December 2018

Monitoring Age-Related Changes in the Lactate/Pyruvate Ratio Using a Colorimetric Assay in a C. elegans Model of Increased Life Span.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:123-132

Department of Health Management, School of Health Study, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa, Japan.

In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), monitoring the lactate/pyruvate ratio in cells helps to detect imbalances in age-related energy metabolism. Here, we describe a modified small-scale extraction in C. Read More

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January 2019

Short- and long-term results of common peroneal nerve injuries treated by neurolysis, direct suture or nerve graft.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Grenoble South University Hospital, 38130, Echirolles, France.

Introduction: Damage to the common peroneal nerve is the most frequent nerve injury in lower limb traumas. Our objective was to assess the motor and sensory recovery levels and the functional outcomes after remedial surgery for common peroneal nerve trauma, through either neurolysis, direct suture or nerve graft.

Methods: This is a transversal, observational study of a monocentric cohort of 20 patients who underwent surgery between January 2004 and June 2016, which included 16 men and 4 women whose median age was 35 ± 11 years. Read More

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December 2018

Retrograde fixation of the lesser trochanter in the adolescent: new surgical technique and clinical results of two cases.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Introduction: Avulsions of the lesser femoral trochanter are rare injuries in the adolescent population. An acute avulsion causes severe functional impairment with compromised hip flexion. Recent literature reports the superiority of surgical treatment for apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescents. Read More

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December 2018

Save the meniscus again!

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Orthopaedic Department, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, 177, rue de Versailles, 78157, Le Chesnay, France.

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December 2018

Posterior tibial slope angle is associated with flexion-type Salter-Harris II and Watson-Jones type IV fractures of the proximal tibia.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8603, Japan.

Purpose: Flexion-type Salter-Harris (SH) II fractures of the proximal tibia, also described as Watson-Jones (WJ) IV fractures, are rare injuries reported among adolescent athletes who are close to skeletal maturity and remain elusive. Due to this classification disagreement, the various treatments range from nonoperative to operative types, and no previous studies have explained the mechanisms of injury or the source of the fracture forces. This retrospective matched case-control study aimed to identify radiological factors that are associated with the fracture forces and to elucidate the mechanisms of these injuries. Read More

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December 2018

A proposal for a new classification of pes anserinus morphology.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Normal and Clinical Anatomy, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Purpose: The pes anserinus (PA) is characterized by high morphological diversity. As the semitendinosus and gracilis muscle tendons are routinely harvested for the reconstruction of other tendons, especially the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), it is of clinical importance. The presence of accessory bands within PA tendons can handicap the harvesting process. Read More

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December 2018

The Overtraining Syndrome in Soldiers: Insights from the Sports Domain.

Mil Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Human Physiology Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Soldiers are exposed to extreme training regimens in order to optimally prepare for real battle. High attrition rates are a known issue during training courses, especially for elite troops. An underlying factor might be the disbalance between stress/strain and recovery. Read More

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December 2018

[Rapid Weight Loss: the case of combat sports].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):947-948

Laboratorio de Inmunología de la Reproducción, Facultad de Química y Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

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Effects of triple-treatment trunk stretching on physical fitness and curvature of the spine.

Heliyon 2018 Dec 1;4(12):e00985. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Shinshu University, Faculty of Education, 6-Ro Nishinagano, Nagano City, Nagano 380-8544, Japan.

Background: Research on the effectiveness of treatment for low back disorders has been made, however yet no established method has been found. Therefore, we devised a triple-treatment trunk stretching program comprising the following three trunk stretching exercises: stretching using an unstable flex chair; stretching using a stretching bench; and stretching using a stretch pad. Our three-treatment trunk stretching program is based on the principles of static muscular stabilization of the spine and uses well-known physiological strength-training principles. Read More

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December 2018
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Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Practice Patterns Across the United States.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 3;6(12):2325967118811063. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: A proposed mechanism for recurrent instability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is failure of the anterolateral ligament (ALL). Presently, there are a number of approaches to treating ALL pathology.

Purpose: To determine practice patterns among orthopaedic surgeons regarding ALL during ACL reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

Professional Soccer Players' Return to Play and Performance After Operative Repair of Achilles Tendon Rupture.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Nov 28;6(11):2325967118810772. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopaedics, New York Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: The majority of Achilles tendon ruptures are sports related; however, no investigation has examined the impact of surgical repair for complete ruptures on professional soccer players.

Purpose: To examine the return to play, playing time, and performance of professional soccer players following Achilles tendon repair.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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November 2018

Improvements in Thigh Strength Symmetry Are Modestly Correlated With Changes in Self-Reported Function After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Nov 28;6(11):2325967118807459. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Orthopedics Biomechanics Laboratory and Sports Medicine Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: The association between quadriceps strength and functional outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a focus of current research, while evaluations of hamstring strength are limited, despite the frequent use of hamstring autografts.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between changes in quadriceps and hamstring strength symmetry and self-reported outcomes before ACLR and at 12 and 24 weeks after surgery. We hypothesized that improvements in quadriceps and hamstring strength symmetry would be correlated with improvements in self-reported outcome measures within the first 6 months after ACLR. Read More

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November 2018

The Bhubaneswar Declaration on Sports Endocrinology, 2018.

Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Nov;22(Suppl 1):S14-S16

Department of Endocrinology, MP Shah Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Sports and endocrinology are complex interrelated disciplines. Sports and exercise modulate endocrine and metabolic health, and are used to prevent and manage disease. Endocrine and metabolic function influence participation and performance in sports activity. Read More

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November 2018
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Changes in Provider Treatment Patterns for Dupuytren's Contracture: Analysis of Trends in Medicare Beneficiaries.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1932. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.

Background: Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment option for Dupuytren's contracture. We hypothesize that the gaining popularity of CCH has resulted in a change in treatment patterns among providers, with increased utilization of CCH injections in the management of Dupuytren's contracture from 2012 to 2014.

Methods: The Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data Public Use Files were used to identify all surgeons who submitted claims for surgical fasciectomy, needle aponeurotomy (NA), and CCH injection. Read More

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October 2018

SUPRASPINATUS TENDON PATHOMECHANICS: A CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW.

Authors:
Guido Spargoli

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1083-1094

Background And Purpose: Tendinopathy of the supraspinatus muscle is a frequent cause of shoulder pain. Although it is a common condition, the pathophysiology is not fully understood. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to provide an overview of the pathophysiology of supraspinatus tendinopathy and discuss the conservative treatment solutions. Read More

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December 2018

EFFICACY OF REFLEXIVE NEUROMUSCULAR STABILIZATION DURING TREATMENT OF SCAPULAR DYSKINESIA IN AN OVERHEAD ATHLETE: A CASE REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1073-1082

University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA.

Background And Purpose: Shoulder injuries are common amongst overhead athletes. Dysfunctional motor patterns (scapular dyskinesis) may be the cause or result. Improperly treated, they can sideline athletes or reduce quality of life. Read More

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December 2018

REHABILITATION OF CHRONIC BRACHIAL PLEXUS NEUROPRAXIA AND LOSS OF CERVICAL EXTENSION IN A HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL PLAYER: A CASE REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1061-1072

Praxis Physical Therapy & Human Performance, Vernon Hills, IL, USA.

Background And Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification. Read More

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December 2018

CLINICAL REASONING IN THE FACE OF UNCERTAINTY: CONSERVATIVE PHYSICAL THERAPY MANAGEMENT OF A TEENAGE ATHLETE DIAGNOSED WITH A PROXIMAL HUMERAL NON-OSSIFYING FIBROMA.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1049-1060

Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Background And Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF.

Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities. Read More

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December 2018

CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT CONTINUUM FOR MANAGING FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME AND ACETABULAR LABRAL TEARS IN SURGICAL CANDIDATES: A CASE SERIES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1032-1048

Assistant Professor, Doctoral Physical Therapy Programs (DPT and DSc), Baylor University, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA.

Background/purpose: Femoroacetabular impingement Syndrome (FAIS) and the often-associated acetabular labral tears (ALTs) are challenging to treat and consensus to guide effective management is lacking. Recent guidelines suggest physical therapy is beneficial, yet the guidance for specific interventions is unclear. The purpose of highlighting these cases was to describe the outcomes and the clinical reasoning process driving conservative management of subjects with FAIS and ALTs that were deemed surgical candidates. Read More

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December 2018

ACUTE EFFECTS OF MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE AND JOINT MOBILIZATION ON SHOULDER TIGHTNESS IN YOUTH THROWING ATHLETES: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1024-1031

School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA.

Background: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST), defined as limited glenohumeral (GH) horizontal adduction and internal rotation motion, is a common occurrence in overhead athletes, particularly baseball and softball players, as a result of the extreme forces on the GH joint and the high number of throwing repetitions. Despite clinical evidence suggesting the use of joint mobilizations and muscle energy techniques (MET) for treating PST, there currently are no data examining the overall effectiveness of joint mobilizations and MET to determine optimal treatment for posterior shoulder tightness.

Purpose: To compare the acute effectiveness of MET and joint mobilizations for reducing posterior shoulder tightness, as measured by passive GH horizontal adduction and internal rotation ROM, among high school baseball and softball players. Read More

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December 2018

COMPARISON OF CORE STABILITY AND BALANCE IN ATHLETES WITH AND WITHOUT SHOULDER INJURIES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1015-1023

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Relationships between core stability and lower extremity injuries have been described in the literature; however, evidence of the relationship between upper extremity injuries and core stability and balance is limited.

Hypothesis/purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical measures of core stability and balance between athletes with and without non-traumatic shoulder injuries.

Study Design: Cross sectional. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship of Movement Screens with Past Shoulder or Elbow Surgeries in Collegiate Baseball Players.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1008-1014

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Background: Upper extremity injuries commonly occur in baseball players, and can often necessitate surgical interventions. Athletes recovering from previous surgeries may be at greater risk of a secondary injury due to potential residual deficits in global movement. Identifying individuals with residual movement dysfunction following surgery during a pre-participation examination may help health care professionals identify baseball players who may be at a greater risk of re-injury in their throwing arms so that appropriate interventions can be developed. Read More

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December 2018

THE INFLUENCE OF SENSORIMOTOR TRAINING MODALITIES ON BALANCE, STRENGTH, JOINT FUNCTION, AND PLANTAR FOOT SENSITIVITY IN RECREATIONAL ATHLETES WITH A HISTORY OF ANKLE SPRAIN: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED PILOT STUDY.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):993-1007

Niederrhein University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health Care, Therapeutic Sciences, Reinarzstr. 49, 47805 Krefeld, Germany.

Background: Ankle sprains frequently result in persistent sensorimotor deficits. Sufficient evidence of effects of sensorimotor training using unstable devices on physical functions is lacking. There is no insight as to whether simultaneous tactile stimulation of plantar foot mechanoreceptors using textured surfaces may influence outcomes in people with a history of ankle sprain. Read More

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December 2018

THE EFFECT OF KNEE JOINT COOLING ON ISOKINETIC TORQUE PRODUCTION OF THE KNEE EXTENSORS: CONSIDERATIONS FOR APPLICATION.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):985-992

Rehabilitation Services, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, England.

Background: Cryotherapy is commonly used in sport for the management of injury or during recovery, however the effects on concentric isokinetic strength appear unclear when considering the effect of joint cooling distal to the anterior thigh.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cooling of the knee joint on quadriceps concentric isokinetic torque production. The results will inform the use of cryotherapy in practice. Read More

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December 2018

NON-CONTACT ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT AND LOWER EXTREMITY INJURY RISK PREDICTION USING FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN AND KNEE ABDUCTION MOMENT: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL OBSERVATION OF FEMALE INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):973-984

University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA.

Background: Modifiable risk factors associated with non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are highly debated, yet the incidence rate of ACL injury continues to increase. Measures of movement quality may be an effective method for identifying individuals who are at a high risk of injury.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a movement screen and/or a drop-jump landing (DJL) task identifies female individuals at a higher risk for sustaining non-contact lower extremity (LE) injuries, particularly ACL injuries. Read More

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December 2018

COMPARISON OF NON-CONTACT AND CONTACT TIME-LOSS LOWER QUADRANT INJURY RATES IN MALE COLLEGIATE BASKETBALL PLAYERS: A PRELIMINARY REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):963-972

Clackamas Community College, Oregon City, OR, USA.

Background: Male collegiate basketball (BB) players are at risk for musculoskeletal injury. The rate of time-loss injury in men's collegiate BB, for levels of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition, ranges from 2.8 to 4. Read More

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December 2018

COMPARISON OF HIP INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ROTATION BETWEEN INTERCOLLEGIATE DISTANCE RUNNERS AND NON-RUNNING COLLEGE STUDENTS.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):956-962

Merrimack College, School of Health Sciences, North Andover, MA, USA.

Background: The increased incidence of lower extremity injury in runners compared to the general population is well documented. The amount of passive hip rotation and the position of hip flexion or extension at which it occurs may be factors related to injury incidence.

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to measure and compare hip rotation passive range of motion in male and female runners and non-runners at 0 and 90 degrees (°) of hip flexion. Read More

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December 2018

THE START-TO-RUN DISTANCE AND RUNNING-RELATED INJURY AMONG OBESE NOVICE RUNNERS: A RANDOMIZED TRIAL.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):943-955

Section for Sport Science, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Background/purpose: High body mass index is associated with an increased risk of running-related injury among novice runners. However, the amount of running participation plays a fundamental explanatory role in regards to running-related injury development. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if the risk of running-related injury among obese novice runners (BMI 30-35) was different when the start-to-run distance was 3km per week instead of 6km per week. Read More

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December 2018

IS THERE EVIDENCE FOR AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CHANGES IN TRAINING LOAD AND RUNNING-RELATED INJURIES? A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):931-942

Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Population Health, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg.

Background: Sudden changes (increases and decreases) in training load have been suggested to play a key role in the development of running-related injuries. However, the compiled evidence for an association between change in training load and running-related injury does not exist.

Purpose: The purpose of the present systematic review was to compile the evidence from original articles examining the association between changes in training load and running-related injuries. Read More

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December 2018

Angle-specific analysis of isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torques and ratios in patients after ACL-reconstruction.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 6;10:23. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

5Exercise Science and Neuroscience, Department of Exercise & Health, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany.

Background: Strength deficits, muscle imbalances, and quadriceps inhibition are common after the surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), even after the patient's returned-to-sport. Typically, asymmetries between the operated and non-operated leg as well as the hamstring/quadriceps (HQ) ratio are calculated using maximum isokinetic torque values. Moreover, the knee flexion angles, which correspond to the measured torque values, were not considered. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison of the kinematics and kinetics of shoulder exercises performed with constant and elastic resistance.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 28;10:22. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

1Institute for Biomechanics, ETH Zürich, Leopold-Ruzicka-Weg 4, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Internal and external rotation exercises of the shoulder are frequently performed to avoid injury and pain. Knowledge about the motion and loadings of the upper extremities during these exercises is crucial for the development of optimal training recommendations. However, a comparison of the angles and corresponding moments in the upper extremities that are achieved during internal and external rotation exercises for the shoulder by using different resistance types has not yet been performed. Read More

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November 2018

Muscular imbalances and balance capability in dance.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2018 3;13:36. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2Department Sports Medicine and Training Science, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Institute of Sports Science, Olshausenstrasse 74, 24098 Kiel, Germany.

Objective: A high unilateral load to the musculoskeletal system is specific for formation dance. Due to the lack of data the aim of this study was the side-related (right - left) analysis of strength- and balance capability subject to injuries, gender and performance standards.

Methods:  = 51 dancers (m:  = 24, f: m = 27) of two performance levels participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

Rifle Shooting Performance Correlates with Electroencephalogram Beta Rhythm Network Activity during Aiming.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2018 11;2018:4097561. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

School of Information Engineering and Automation, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China.

To study the relationship between brain network and shooting performance during shooting aiming, we collected electroencephalogram (EEG) signals from 40 skilled shooters during rifle shooting and calculated the EEG functional coupling, functional brain network topology, and correlation coefficients between these EEG characteristics and shooting performance. Our result shows a significant negative correlation between shooting performance and functional coupling between the prefrontal, frontal, and temporal regions of the right brain in the Beta1 and Beta2 frequency bands. Global and local brain network topology characteristics were also significantly correlated with shooting performance. Read More

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November 2018

Patterns of Pupillary Activity During Binocular Disparity Resolution.

Front Neurol 2018 26;9:990. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Hospital, Miami, FL, United States.

This study examined the dynamic coordination between disconjugate, vergence eye movements, and pupil size in 52 normal subjects during binocular disparity stimulation in a virtual reality display. Eye movements and pupil area were sampled with a video-oculographic system at 100 Hz during performance of two tasks, (1) fusion of a binocular disparity step (±1.5° of visual angle in the horizontal plane) and (2) pursuit of a sinusoidally varying binocular disparity stimulus (0. Read More

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November 2018

Modulations of Neuroendocrine Stress Responses During Confinement in Antarctica and the Role of Hypobaric Hypoxia.

Front Physiol 2018 26;9:1647. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Laboratory of Translational Research "Stress and Immunity", Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

The Antarctic continent is an environment of extreme conditions. Only few research stations exist that are occupied throughout the year. The German station Neumayer III and the French-Italian Concordia station are such research platforms and human outposts. Read More

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November 2018

It's Harder to Push, When I Have to Push Hard-Physical Exertion and Fatigue Changes Reasoning and Decision-Making on Hypothetical Moral Dilemmas in Males.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 23;12:268. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Despite the prevalence of physical exertion and fatigue during military, firefighting and disaster medicine operations, sports or even daily life, their acute effects on moral reasoning and moral decision-making have never been systematically investigated. To test the effects of physical exertion on moral reasoning and moral decision-making, we administered a moral dilemma task to 32 male participants during a moderate or high intensity cycling intervention. Participants in the high intensity cycling group tended to show more non-utilitarian reasoning and more non-utilitarian decision-making on impersonal but not on personal dilemmas than participants in the moderate intensity cycling group. Read More

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November 2018

Effects of spinal mobilization techniques in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - A meta-analysis.

Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2018 Nov-Dec;12(6):44-49

Department of physical therapy, Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of diverse exercise regimes used in multiple Randomized Control Trials as the only conservative management strategy for increased Cobb angle among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Methods: Database such as Google Scholar, Medline, and BioMed Central was reconnoitered for the purpose of research articles of interest. Studies in which the effects of conservative management of scoliosis on the magnitude of Cobb angle were calculated were scrutinized procedurally, studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were retrieved and encompassed in the present study. Read More

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December 2018