6 results match your criteria Sports Participation by Paraplegics

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Supporting front crawl swimming in paraplegics using electrical stimulation: a feasibility study.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2020 04 16;17(1):51. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Technische Universität Berlin, Control Systems Group, Einsteinufer 17, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Participation in physical and therapeutic activities is usually severely restricted after a spinal cord injury (SCI). Reasons for this are the associated loss of voluntary motor function, inefficient temperature regulation of the affected extremities, and early muscle fatigue. Hydrotherapy or swim training offer an inherent weight relief, reduce spasticity and improve coordination, muscle strength and fitness. Read More

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The WalkTrainer--a new generation of walking reeducation device combining orthoses and muscle stimulation.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2009 Feb;17(1):38-45

Laboratoire de Systèmes Robotiques, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

This paper presents a novel reeducation device for paraplegics that combines hybrid orthoses and closed-loop electrical muscle stimulation. Based on the so called Cyberthosis concept, the WalkTrainer enables an active muscular participation of the subject in the walking reeducation process by the mean of closed-loop muscle stimulation. The WalkTrainer is also equipped with a leg and pelvic orthosis, an active bodyweight support, and motorized wheels to allow true over ground deambulation. Read More

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February 2009

Psychological impact of sports activity in spinal cord injury patients.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2006 Dec;16(6):412-6

Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCSS, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To investigate whether sports activity is associated with better psychological profiles in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to evaluate the effect of demographic factors on psychological benefits.

Methods: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form X2 (STAI-X2), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire for extraversion (EPQ-R (E)) and the questionnaire for depression (QD) were administered in a cross-sectional study of 137 males with spinal cord injury including 52 tetraplegics and 85 paraplegics. The subjects were divided into two groups according to sports activity participation (high frequency vs no sports participation). Read More

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December 2006

The effect of frequency and mode of sports activity on the psychological status in tetraplegics and paraplegics.

Spinal Cord 2000 May;38(5):309-14

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Nutrition, Siebold University of Nagasaki, Japan.

Objective: To examine whether the psychological benefits of sports activity differ between tetraplegics and paraplegics with spinal cord injury, and investigate the effect of frequency and modes of sports activity on the psychological benefits.

Methods: The Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Profiles of Mood States (POMS) were administered to 169 male individuals with spinal cord injury (mean age=42.7 years) including 53 tetraplegics and 116 paraplegics. Read More

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Cardiorespiratory fitness and training in quadriplegics and paraplegics.

Authors:
M D Hoffman

Sports Med 1986 Sep-Oct;3(5):312-30

With the growing interest in exercise and sport and the significance of cardiovascular disease in the spinal cord injured population, the role of endurance training in improving cardiovascular health is of particular interest. Ordinary daily activities of those with spinal cord injury are usually not adequate to maintain cardiovascular fitness, and lack of participation in a regular activity programme may result in a debilitative cycle. As this occurs, there is a reduction in functional work capacity which may limit independence, and the reduction in cardiovascular fitness may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Read More

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October 1986

A study of the life situation of sixty-eight Nigerian paraplegics.

Authors:
V C Nwuga G O Nwuga

J Trop Med Hyg 1985 Aug;88(4):287-9

Sixty-eight paraplegics from three hospitals in western Nigeria were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. The unemployment rate among subjects was high, though much higher among the lower class subjects than among those from the upper class. Frequency of travel and sports participation was low in both groups. Read More

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