265,992 results match your criteria Sports Medicine Arthroscopy Rehabilitation Therapy and Technology SMARTT [Journal]


Longitudinal access and exposure to green-blue spaces and individual-level mental health and well-being: protocol for a longitudinal, population-wide record-linked natural experiment.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e027289. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, UK.

Introduction: Studies suggest that access and exposure to green-blue spaces (GBS) have beneficial impacts on mental health. However, the evidence base is limited with respect to longitudinal studies. The main aim of this longitudinal, population-wide, record-linked natural experiment, is to model the daily lived experience by linking GBS accessibility indices, residential GBS exposure and health data; to enable quantification of the impact of GBS on well-being and common mental health disorders, for a national population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027289DOI Listing

Patient expectations of a new treatment for eating disorders combining guided physical exercise and dietary therapy: an interview study of women participating in a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e025344. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway, Europe.

Objectives: To study the expectations women with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) had to a new treatment programme based on guided physical exercise and dietary therapy.

Design And Participants: Semistructured interviews were conducted with six women with BN and four women with BED following a group-based therapy programme. Transcribed interviews were analysed using a text-condensing analytic approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025344DOI Listing

The FOOTPATH study: protocol for a multicentre, participant- and assessor-blind, parallel group randomised clinical trial of foot orthoses for patellofemoral osteoarthritis.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e025315. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) is a common and burdensome subgroup of knee OA, with very little evidence for effective treatments. Prefabricated foot orthoses are an affordable and accessible intervention that have been shown to reduce PF pain in younger adults. Similarities between PF pain and PFOA, as well as our pilot work, suggest that foot orthoses may also be an effective intervention for PFOA. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02531
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025315DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Whey Protein in Cancer Therapy: A Narrative Review.

Pharmacol Res 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Clinical and Sports Nutrition Research Laboratory (Labince), Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goias, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Electronic address:

Cancer remains a public health challenge in the identification and development of ideal pharmacological therapies and dietary strategies. The use of whey protein as a dietary strategy is widespread in the field of oncology. The two types of whey protein, sweet or acid, result from several processing techniques and possess distinct protein subfraction compositions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2019.04.019DOI Listing

Evaluation of Endoscopic Iliopsoas Tenotomy for Treatment of Iliopsoas Impingement After Total Hip Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Orthopedic & Fracture Specialists, Portland, OR.

Background: Iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) occurs in up to 4.3% of patients resulting in functional groin pain. Operative treatment historically has included open iliopsoas tenotomy or acetabulum revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.030DOI Listing

Neurophysiological Abnormalities in Individuals with Persistent Post-Concussion Symptoms.

Neuroscience 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), Faculty of Health and Environmental Science Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Concussion injury results in a rapid onset of transient neurological impairment that can resolve quickly, or sometimes evolve over time, but usually resolve within seven to ten days. However, a small but noticeable cohort (~10%) of individuals continue to experience persistent lingering effects, particularly fatigue, and recognized as post-concussion symptoms (PCS). This study explored neurophysiological mechanisms in people with persistent PCS. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064522193025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2019.04.019DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Improved balance performance accompanied by structural plasticity in blind adults after training.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Universität Hamburg, Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, Von-Melle-Park 11, 20146, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Postural control requires the sensory integration of visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive signals. In the absence of vision, either by blindfolding or in blind individuals, balance performance is typically poorer than with sight. Previous research has suggested that despite showing compensatory vestibular and proprioceptive processing during upright standing, balance performance in blind individuals is overall lower than in sighted controls with eyes open. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Development of a nanocomposite scaffold of gelatin-alginate-graphene oxide for bone tissue engineering.

Int J Biol Macromol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Polymer and Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India. Electronic address:

Bone damage, due to congenital defects, trauma and sports-related injuries, has become a foremost health problem all over the world. The present study involves fabrication of a nanocomposite scaffold of graphene oxide (GO), gelatin and alginate, with an aim of enhancing bone regeneration. The effect of varying concentration of GO on the scaffold properties was also determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.04.113DOI Listing

Post-Concussion: Receded Near Point of Convergence is Not Diagnostic of Convergence Insufficiency.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School; Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, MA.

Purpose: To determine the frequency of receded near point of convergence (NPC) in patients with chronic concussion-related symptoms, and among those with receded NPC to enumerate the frequency of convergence insufficiency and other oculomotor disorders.

Study: Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study METHODS: Clinic charts were retrospectively reviewed for the prior 3.5 years to identify all patients <21 years old who were >28 days post-concussion, had chronic concussion-related symptoms, had normal visual acuity, and received a comprehensive sensorimotor examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Qualitative analysis of the vocabulary used in work logs of a preventive program for elderly oral function and nutrition.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Oral Rehabilitation, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital.

Background: In Japan, daycare services for elders include programs aimed at improving nutrition and oral and motor functions. Few studies have qualitatively assessed these interventions.

Objective: To qualitatively search for the characteristic words used in the work logs of a preventive program on oral function and nutrition for elders by intervention period and intervention type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12804DOI Listing

Similarity attracts: The role of personality in similarity perceptions and children's attitudes towards refugees.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that children's intergroup similarity judgements are based not only on ethnicity but also on other dimensions such as sports interest. The present research investigates the role of personality in perceived similarity between ingroup children and refugee outgroup children. A study was conducted among 9- to 12-year-old children (N = 124) at two elementary schools in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12285DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Tabata training: one of the most energetically effective high-intensity intermittent training methods.

Authors:
Izumi Tabata

J Physiol Sci 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-Higashi, Kusatsu City, Shiga, 525-8577, Japan.

For decades, high-intensity interval/intermittent exercise training methods have been used by elite athletes to improve their performance in sports. One of the most effective training methods, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12576-019-00676-7DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Optimising the Late-Stage Rehabilitation and Return-to-Sport Training and Testing Process After ACL Reconstruction.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Education and Research Department, Bologna, Italy.

Despite increased knowledge on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury mechanisms, improved surgical techniques, improved understanding of ACL biomechanics and enhanced knowledge in rehabilitation practice, return-to-sport (RTS) rates and subsequent second ACL re-injury rates after ACL reconstruction are not optimal. This narrative review discusses factors that may be highly relevant for RTS training and testing after ACL reconstruction, but which have received limited research attention to date or do not form part of the standard approach to rehabilitation. These factors include (1) explosive neuromuscular performance; (2) movement quality deficits associated with re-injury risk, particularly the need to re-train optimal sport-specific movement patterns; (3) the influence of fatigue; and (4) a lack of sport-specific re-training prior to RTS, with particular attention to an insufficient development of chronic training load. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01102-zDOI Listing

Correction to: Suspension syndrome: a potentially fatal vagally mediated circulatory collapse-an experimental randomized crossover trial.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Brothers of St. John of God Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University, Kajetanerplatz 1, 5010, Salzburg, Austria.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Information was missing in the acknowledgements section. The correct information is given below. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00421-019-04141-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04141-6DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Combined avulsion fracture of the tibial tubercle and patellar tendon rupture in adolescents: a case report.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Avenida Islas Baleares s/n, Burgos, Spain.

Simultaneous occurrence of tibial tubercle fracture and patellar tendon avulsion is an extremely rare condition. However, they have become more frequent due to increased participation in sports at a younger age. Diagnosis is not always straightforward, and treatment consists of open reduction and internal fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-019-02441-3DOI Listing

On Behind the Physics of the Thermoelectricity of Topological Insulators.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 19;9(1):6324. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Departamento de Física Aplicada, Instituto de Investigacións Tecnolóxicas. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782, Campus Vida s/n, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Topological Insulators are the best thermoelectric materials involving a sophisticated physics beyond their solid state and electronic structure. We show that exists a topological contribution to the thermoelectric effect that arises between topological and thermal quantum field theories applied at very low energies. This formalism provides us with a quantized topological mass proportional to the temperature T leading, through an electric potential V, to a Seebeck coefficient where we identify an anomalous contribution that can be associated to the creation of real electron-hole Schwinger's pairs close to the topological bands. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42744-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42744-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sex-related differences in patients undergoing surgery for shoulder instability: a Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) Shoulder Instability cohort study.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

University of Kentucky Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.

Hypothesis And Background: Male sex has been identified as a risk factor for both primary shoulder dislocation and recurrent instability, and male patients more often undergo surgery for instability. Despite published discrepancies between sexes regarding the incidence and surgical rates of shoulder instability, there is little detail on the differences in presentation, mechanism of injury, and intraoperative findings. The purpose of this study was to explore these differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2019.02.020DOI Listing

Sufficient duration of off-season decreases elbow disorders in elementary school-aged baseball players.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan.

Background: Several guidelines for the prevention of throwing injuries recommend a sufficiently long off-season; however, few studies providing scientific evidence to support these recommendations exist. Our study aimed to clarify the association between off-season duration and throwing elbow injuries among elementary school-aged baseball players.

Methods: This study enrolled 680 elementary school-aged baseball players who underwent medical checkups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2019.02.005DOI Listing

BASE Jumping Injuries Presenting to Emergency Departments in the United States: an Assessment of Morbidity, Emergency Department, and Inpatient Costs.

Wilderness Environ Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

Background: BASE (building, antenna, span, earth) jumping involves jumping from fixed objects with specialized parachutes. BASE jumping is associated with less aerodynamic control and flight stability than skydiving because of the lower altitude of jumps. Injuries and fatalities are often attributed to bad landings and object collision. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10806032193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2019.02.002DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Total Hip Arthroplasty Through the Direct Anterior Approach Using a Bikini Incision Can Be Safely Performed in Obese Patients.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty can be performed through a traditional vertical incision or a horizontal (bikini) incision. The purpose of this study is to compare the 2 approaches, performed by a single surgeon past the learning curve, in terms of (1) overall wound complications and (2) patient-reported esthetics at the 6-month follow-up.

Methods: A case-control retrospective study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.060DOI Listing

Use of Kinesio taping in lower-extremity rehabilitation of post-stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 17;35:22-32. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background: and purpose: The benefits of Kinesio taping (KT) in post-stroke rehabilitation have not been determined. This study aimed to evaluate its effects on lower-extremity rehabilitation in patients after a stroke.

Methods: A literature search was performed using EBSCOhost, Embase, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), SinoMed, and Wanfang Data through June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.008DOI Listing

The Temporal Effects of Acute Exercise on Episodic Memory Function: Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.

Brain Sci 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science, College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.

Background: Accumulating research demonstrates that the timing of exercise plays an important role in influencing episodic memory. However, we have a limited understanding as to the factors that moderate this temporal effect. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of study characteristics (e. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/9/4/87
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040087DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Influence of an Eight-Week Cycloergometer-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation on Serum Antioxidant Status in Men with Coronary Heart Disease: A Prospective Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Apr 18;55(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Geriatrics, Medical University of Lodz, 90-993 Lodz, Poland.

A body of evidence confirms the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, but it remains unclear whether it enhances the antioxidant potential. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of an eight-week aerobic cycloergometer-based CR program on serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and other CHD risk factors. The study involved 36 men with CHD (55. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55040111DOI Listing

Wuqinxi Qigong as an Alternative Exercise for Improving Risk Factors Associated with Metabolic Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 18;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Chinese Martial Arts, Guangzhou Sport University, Guangzhou 510500, China.

The improvement of living standards has led to increases in the prevalence of hypokinetic diseases. In particular, multifactorial complex diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, are becoming more prevalent. Currently, developing effective methods to combat or prevent metabolic syndrome is of critical public health importance. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1396
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081396DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Working Memory Training in Professional Football Players: A Small-Scale Descriptive Feasibility Study-The Importance of Personality, Psychological Well-Being, and Motivational Factors.

Sports (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;7(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Alzheimer Center Limburg, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Working memory training (WMT) programs can improve working memory (WM). In football players, this could lead to improved performance on the pitch.

Method: Eighteen professional football players of Maatschappelijke Voetbal Vereniging Maastricht (MVV) participated and followed an online, computerized WMT program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports7040089DOI Listing

Conservative Management and Rehabilitation in the Older Runner With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Evidence-Based Review.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 May;98(5):416-421

From the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, MossRehab, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania (BC); and Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Department, University of Puerto Rico, School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico (FS, WM).

Osteoarthritis is an age-related condition that commonly affects the middle-aged and elderly population including individuals who continue to pursue an active and athletic lifestyle. Running is an easily accessible activity with many health benefits; thus, it is becoming a popular form of exercise, even in older individuals. Studies evaluating the correlation between running and osteoarthritis show conflicting results; however, most studies show an increased risk of osteoarthritis in runners with a combination of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001082DOI Listing

Habitual and acute exercise effects on salivary biomarkers in response to psychosocial stress.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Mar 25;106:216-225. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Sport Science, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Schwarzwaldstraße 175, Freiburg 79117, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Previous research suggests beneficial effects of physical exercise on stress reactivity due to cross-stressor adaptions of physiological stress response systems. However, results remain inconclusive and it is unclear whether only regular engagement in exercise modulates these physiological adaptations or if acute bouts of exercise can elicit similar adaptations. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate and compare the effects of habitual and acute exercise on physiological stress responses. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530183088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Comparison of radiation risk perception and knowledge of radiation between Indonesian and Japanese dental students.

J Environ Radioact 2019 Apr 16;204:104-110. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Tokushima University Graduate School, Japan. Electronic address:

The purpose of the study was to obtain basic data to identify problems in radiation education in a situation where confidence in nuclear power has fluctuated over time and fear of nuclear power has increased globally due to nuclear power plant disasters at Chernobyl and Fukushima. We conducted a questionnaire survey on understanding and risk perception of radiation and atomic power, before and after lectures, for 107 Japanese and 137 Indonesian dental students. Thirty-six phrases were extracted from two supplementary texts about radiation created by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and 30 events commonly used in research on risk perception were used. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0265931X183090
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

An internet delivered cognitive behavioural therapy pain management programme for spinal cord injury pain: A randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Pain 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

UCD, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, Health Science Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin4.

Chronic pain is common after spinal cord injury (SCI) and dedicated SCI cognitive behavioural therapy pain management programmes (CBT-PMPs) have a growing evidence-base to support their uptake clinically. The development of internet-delivered treatment options may overcome barriers to the access and uptake of centre-based programmes. This study examines such an approach on quality of lie (QoL), pain, mood and sleep. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ejp.1402
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1402DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Day-level sedentary pattern estimates derived from hip-worn accelerometer cut-points in 8-12-year-olds: Do they reflect postural transitions?

J Sports Sci 2019 Apr 19:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

d Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences , Deakin University , Geelong , Australia.

Improving sedentary measurement is critical to understanding sedentary-health associations in youth. This study assessed agreement between the thigh-worn activPAL and commonly used hip-worn ActiGraph accelerometer methods for assessing sedentary patterns in children. Both devices were worn by 8-12-year-olds (N = 195) for 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1605646DOI Listing

Postural balance and rifle stability in a standing shooting position after specific physical effort in biathletes.

J Sports Sci 2019 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Department of Physiology , Institute of Sport - National Research Institute , Warsaw , Poland.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of maximal specific physical effort on postural balance and rifle stability in biathletes in a standing shooting position. The study included 10 junior elite biathletes. The measurements were taken with the Vicon system and AMTI force platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1603136DOI Listing

Chemotherapy acutely impairs neurovascular and hemodynamic responses in women with breast cancer.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Unid Reabilit Cardiovasc e Fisiol do Exerc, Heart Institute (InCor), University of Sao Paulo Medical School and School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Aims: To test if doxorubicin (DX) and cyclophosphamide (CY) adjuvant chemotherapy (CHT) acutely impairs neurovascular and hemodynamic responses in women with breast cancer.

Methods: Sixteen women (age:47.0±2. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajpheart.00756.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00756.2018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A shorter cricket pitch improves decision-making by junior batters.

J Sports Sci 2019 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , Leicestershire , UK.

This study sought to determine whether playing on a shorter cricket pitch would lead batters to make more appropriate decisions about whether to play front foot or back foot shots. Based on an analysis of the shots played by top order batters against seam bowling in county under-10 matches, an age-specific "good length" region between 5.0 yards and 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1606760DOI Listing

Effects of moving cupping therapy on hip and knee range of movement and knee flexion power: a preliminary investigation.

J Man Manip Ther 2019 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Sport Exercise and Rehabilitation , Northumbria University , Newcastle upon tyne , England.

Cupping therapy has become more popular in the sports setting because of its simplicity in application, minimal adverse effects, and reduction in pain and muscle tenderness, yet there is little research on its effectiveness for range of movement and power.

Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to investigate if a single session of moving cupping to the posterior aspect of the lower limb effects hip and knee range of movement and knee flexion power. The secondary aim was to consider participants' views and perceptions of moving cupping therapy. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10669817.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10669817.2019.1600892DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Does brain-derived neurotrophic factor mediate the effects of exercise on memory?

Authors:
Paul D Loprinzi

Phys Sportsmed 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Center for Health Behavior Research , University of Mississippi , 229 Turner Center, University , MS 38677 , USA.

Objective: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been hypothesized as a potential mechanism through which exercise may subserve memory function. The present review specifically evaluates this hypothesis.

Methods: Studies were identified using electronic databases, including PubMed, PsychInfo, Sports Discus and Google Scholar. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00913847.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2019.1610255DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A 5-year review of a pitch side radiology unit at an international sports stadium.

Ir J Med Sci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin 7, Ireland.

Background: The increased strength and conditioning of elite athletes has led to greater potential for high impact injuries. With increasing concerns for player welfare, the decision to return to play after sustaining an on-field injury is complex.

Aim: Review of a 5-year experience of a pitch side radiology unit (PSRU) at a large international sports stadium. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11845-019-02013-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-019-02013-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Objective Classification of mTBI Using Machine Learning on a Combination of Frontopolar Electroencephalography Measurements and Self-reported Symptoms.

Sports Med Open 2019 Apr 18;5(1):14. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Tahoe Institute for Rural Health Research, 10121 Pine Ave, PO Box 759, Truckee, CA, 96160, USA.

Background: The reliable diagnosis of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a pervasive problem in sports and in the military. The frequency and severity of each occurrence, while difficult to quantify, may impact long term cognitive function and quality of life. Despite the new revelations concerning brain disfunction from head injuries, individuals still feel pressure to remain on the field despite a debilitating injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0187-yDOI Listing

A Comparison of Team Sport Volume Surveyed Between High School and Club Sport Coaches.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Apr 8;7(4):2325967119836484. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Background: Club sport participation is increasingly common among high school athletes. Sport participation characteristics may vary widely between the high school and club sport settings. However, there have been no large-scale comparisons of sport participation volume between high school and club teams from similar sports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119836484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454658PMC

Effect of Operative Time on Short-Term Adverse Events After Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Feb 19;7(2):2325967118825453. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: A longer operative time has been previously recognized as a risk factor for short-term complications after various orthopaedic procedures; however, it has yet to be investigated as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

Purpose: To identify whether a longer operative time in ACL reconstruction is an independent risk factor for the development of postoperative complications, hospital readmissions, or an extended length of stay within 30 days of the index procedure.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118825453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454657PMC
February 2019
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The Role of Neck Musculature in Traumatic Brain Injuries in Older Adults: Implications From Sports Medicine.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2019 27;6:53. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common and serious injuries to older adults. The majority of TBIs in older adults are sustained when the head impacts the ground or other surface during a fall. While several non-modifiable risk factors have been identified for fall-related TBIs in older adults, there still remains a dearth of knowledge surrounding modifiable risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2019.00053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455050PMC

Relative Telomere Length in Blood Leukocytes of Patients with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: A Pilot Study.

Malays Orthop J 2019 Mar;13(1):8-13

Department of Orthopaedics, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is the most common knee ligament injury, especially in athletes. The objective of this study was to investigate relative telomere length (RTL) in blood leukocytes of patients with ACL injury compared with that of controls. A total of 187 subjects were invited to participate in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5704/MOJ.1903.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459039PMC
March 2019
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The Effect of Exenatide on Cardiovascular Risk Markers in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2019 2;10:189. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Weill Cornell Medicine Qatar, Education City, Doha, Qatar.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular risk profile including a prothrombotic state. Exenatide has been shown to be effective at improving insulin sensitivity and weight loss in PCOS; therefore this study was undertaken to assess its effects on weight, endothelial function, inflammatory markers, and fibrin structure/function in overweight/obese women with PCOS. Thirty overweight/obese anovulatory women with all 3 Rotterdam criteria received exenatide 5 mcg bd for 4 weeks then 10 mcg bd for 12 weeks. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fendo.2019.00189
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454834PMC
April 2019
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Statistical Differences in Set Analysis in Badminton at the RIO 2016 Olympic Games.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:731. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

The aim of the present study was to determine statistical differences in a set of badminton competition matches in five different modalities with regard to competition level (Group Phase vs. Eliminatory Phase). Data from 453 sets (125 in men's singles; 108 sets in women's singles; 77 sets in men's doubles; 73 in women's doubles and 70 in mixed doubles) from the RIO 2016 Olympics Games were recorded and classified in two groups of variables to analyze variables related to match (5) and set (15). Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00731
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457257PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Fascia Is Able to Actively Contract and May Thereby Influence Musculoskeletal Dynamics: A Histochemical and Mechanographic Investigation.

Front Physiol 2019 2;10:336. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Fascia Research Group, Experimental Anesthesiology, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

Fascial tissues form a ubiquitous network throughout the whole body, which is usually regarded as a passive contributor to biomechanical behavior. We aimed to answer the question, whether fascia may possess the capacity for cellular contraction which, in turn, could play an active role in musculoskeletal mechanics. Human and rat fascial specimens from different body sites were investigated for the presence of myofibroblasts using immunohistochemical staining for α-smooth muscle actin ( 31 donors, 20 animals). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455047PMC

Plasma Vitamin C Concentrations and Cognitive Function: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Aging Neurosci 2019 2;11:72. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Vitamin-C is a water soluble molecule that humans have lost the ability to produce. Vitamin-C plays a role in CNS functions such as neuronal differentiation, maturation, myelin formation and modulation of the catecholaminergic systems. A recent systematic review by our team indicated the need for further research into the relationship between plasma vitamin C and cognition in cognitively intact participants using plasma vitamin C concentrations instead of estimates derived from food-frequency-questionnaires (FFQ), and more sensitive cognitive assessments suitable for cognitive abilities vulnerable to aging. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454201PMC
April 2019
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Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) are essential in sport: but there is room for improvement.

Authors:
Ken Fitch

Br J Sports Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Faculty of Human Sciences-Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia

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http://bjsm.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100113DOI Listing
April 2019
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An assessment of the utility and functionality of wearable head impact sensors in Australian Football.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the utility and functionality of the X-Patch as a measurement tool to study head impact exposure in Australian Football. Accuracy, precision, reliability and validity were examined.

Designs: Laboratory tests and prospective observational study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14402440183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Achilles tendon morphology assessed using image based spatial frequency analysis is altered among healthy elite adolescent athletes compared to recreationally active controls.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA.

Objectives: Although expected, tendon adaptations in adolescent elite athletes have been underreported. Morphologically, adaptations may occur by an increase in collagen fiber density and/or organization. These characteristics can be captured using spatial frequency parameters extracted from ultrasound images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Age of 40 Years or Older Does Not Affect Meniscal Repair Failure Risk at 5 Years.

Arthroscopy 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopaedics, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.; OSU Sports Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare meniscal repair failure rates in patients aged 40 years or older versus patients younger than 40 years.

Methods: A total of 276 patients underwent meniscal repair surgery by a single sports medicine fellowship-trained surgeon between 2006 and 2012 and were eligible for study inclusion. Patients were followed up for meniscal repair failure, defined as meniscectomy, repeated meniscal repair, or total knee arthroplasty. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07498063183114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.11.061DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read