262,831 results match your criteria Sports Medicine Arthroscopy Rehabilitation Therapy and Technology SMARTT [Journal]


Psychophysiological and performance-related responses of a potentiation activity in swimmers of different competitive levels.

Physiol Behav 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, School of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Athletes' competitive level has an effect on several psychophysiological parameters during the execution of sports-related tasks. This study analyzed the acute effect of a potentiation activity (PAP), composed by 5 loaded box jumps, on specific psychological, physiological and performance-related parameters in 22 trained (COM) and untrained (UNT) adult male swimmers. A control condition was also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.02.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Joint specific power production in cycling: The effect of cadence and intensity.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(2):e0212781. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Centre for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science (INB), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: The effect of cadence and work rate on the joint specific power production in cycling has previously been studied, but research has primarily focused on cadences above 60 rpm, without examining the effect of low cadence on joint contribution to power.

Purpose: Our purpose was to investigate joint specific power production in recreational and elite cyclists during low- and moderate cycling at a range of different cadences.

Methods: 18 male cyclists (30. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212781PLOS
February 2019

Mechanical energetics and dynamics of uphill double-poling on roller-skis at different incline-speed combinations.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(2):e0212500. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Centre for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different incline-speed combinations, at equal external power outputs, on the mechanics and energetics of the double-poling (DP) technique in cross-country skiing.

Methods: Fourteen elite male cross-country skiers performed treadmill DP on roller-skis at low, moderate, and high mean external power outputs (Pmean) up a shallow incline (5%, INC5), at which DP is preferred, and up a steep incline (12%, INC12), at which DP is not preferred. Speed was set to produce equal Pmean at both inclines. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212500PLOS
February 2019

The effect of pole length on physiological and perceptual responses during G3 roller ski skating on uphill terrain.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(2):e0211550. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

UiT The Arctic University of Norway, School of Sport Sciences, Tromsø, Norway.

The benefits of using longer than self-selected poles have been shown in double poling, but these potential benefits have not been examined in the gear 3 ski skating sub-technique (G3), during which the poling movement is very similar to double poling. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of longer than self-selected poles on physiological and perceptual responses in the G3 sub-technique. Ten cross-country skiers and biathletes (VO2max 72. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211550PLOS
February 2019

Understanding Youths' Ability to Interpret 3D-Printed Physical Activity Data and Identify Associated Intensity Levels: Mixed-Methods Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 22;21(2):e11253. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Applied Sports Science Technology and Medicine Research Centre (A-STEM), Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom.

Background: A significant proportion of youth in the United Kingdom fail to meet the recommended 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity every day. One of the major barriers encountered in achieving these physical activity recommendations is the perceived difficulty for youths to interpret physical activity intensity levels and apply them to everyday activities. Personalized physical activity feedback is an important method to educate youths about behaviors and associated outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11253DOI Listing
February 2019

Materials and structures used in meniscus repair and regeneration: a review.

Biomedicine (Taipei) 2019 Mar 22;9(1). Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Centre of Excellence for Medical Textiles, The South India Textile Research Association, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.

Meniscus is a vital functional unit in knee joint. It acts as a lubricating structure, a nutrient transporting structure, as well as shock absorber during jumping, twisting and running and offers stability within the knee joint. It helps in load distribution, in bearing the tensile hoop stresses and balancing by providing a cushion effect between hard surfaces of two bones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/bmdcn/2019090102DOI Listing

Increasing Mobility via In-hospital Ambulation Protocol Delivered by Mobility Technicians: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Hosp Med 2019 Feb 20;14:E1-E6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Value-Based Care Research, Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Ambulating medical inpatients may improve outcomes, but this practice is often overlooked by nurses who have competing clinical duties.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of dedicated mobility technician-assisted ambulation in older inpatients.

Design: This study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3153DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiology of Hyphema-Related Emergency Department Visits in The United States Between 2006 and 2015.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2019 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Wilmer Eye Institute , Johns Hopkins Hospital , Baltimore , USA.

Purpose: To describe epidemiological trends, risk factors, and hospital-associated charges for patients presenting with hyphema to emergency departments (EDs) throughout the United States (U.S.). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09286586.2019.1579917DOI Listing
February 2019

Prior head injury but not sex or sports-participation affects expectations for post-injury rest and activity in simulated mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.

Rest acutely followed by a gradual return to activity is commonly recommended for mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the general public's rest and activity expectations for this injury are unknown, as are the individual factors that might affect them. 165 individuals completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1433180DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between working hours, work engagement, and work productivity in employees: A cross-sectional study of the Japanese Study of Health, Occupation, and Psychosocial Factors Relates Equity.

J Occup Health 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Public Health, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan.

Objectives: The aims of the study were to investigate the association between working hours, work engagement, and work productivity, and to examine if work engagement moderates the influence of working hours on work productivity.

Methods: We used cross-sectional data from the Japanese occupational cohort survey, which involved 2093 employees in a manufacturing industry. Working hours were self-reported by the study participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12023DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of a novel hybrid plasmid coproducing MCR-1 and MCR-3 variant from an Escherichia coli strain.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing, P. R. China.

Objectives: To characterize the genome of an Escherichia coli harbouring both mcr-1 and mcr-3.19 on a hybrid plasmid and the underlying transmission mechanisms.

Methods: Broth microdilution was used to perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz058DOI Listing
February 2019

Sedentary behaviour associations with health outcomes in people with severe mental illness: a systematic review.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Research Group on Sports and Physical Activity, Centre for Health and Social Care Research, University of Vic - Central University of Catalonia, Vic, Spain.

Background: Although people with severe mental illness (SMI) show high sedentary behaviour (SB) levels, there is little research on how SB patterns influence health and which type of intervention is the most critical for reducing this behaviour. The aims of this study are to examine associations between SB and physical and mental health in people with SMI; and the extent to which physical activity interventions may effectively reduce SB.

Methods: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz016DOI Listing
February 2019

[Update about management of knee tendinopathies].

Rev Med Liege 2019 Feb;74(2):63-67

Service de Médecine physique, CHU Liège, Belgique.

Knee tendinopathies account for a large number of sports dropping, especially in sports requesting jumps and running. There is actually no consensus about the management of those injuries. Nevertheless, new therapies may offer possibilities to the non-responding ones. Read More

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February 2019

Inclusion of sprints in moderate intensity continuous training leads to muscle oxidative adaptations in trained individuals.

Physiol Rep 2019 Feb;7(4):e13976

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

This study examined adaptations in muscle oxidative capacity and exercise performance induced by two work- and duration-matched exercise protocols eliciting different muscle metabolic perturbations in trained individuals. Thirteen male subjects ( O -max 53.5 ± 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13976DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: Effects of Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse on Cycling Time Trial Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Exercise Psychophysiology Research Group, School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, 1000 Arlindo Béttio Avenue, Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo, SP, 03828-000, Brazil.

Section 3.2, Fig. 2: The wording on the x-axis which previously read. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01079-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of 7 Months of Physical Training and Military Routine on the Bone Mass of Young Adults.

Mil Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Growth and Body Composition Lab, Center for Investigation in Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), 126 Tessália Vieira de Camargo Rue, Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz, 13083-887 - Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) has a great influence on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC), however longitudinal studies that seek to relate bone mass to physical activity are scarce and have a small sample size. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of 7 months of military physical training (MPT), impact sports (IS), and swimming in the bone mass of young military adults.

Materials And Methods: A prospective study was conducted with 213 military school students (male and aged 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz001DOI Listing
February 2019

Managing the health of the eSport athlete: an integrated health management model.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2019 10;5(1):e000467. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Center for Sports Medicine NYIT-COM, New York City, New York, USA.

Objectives: eSport is a form of electronic gaming, also known as professional or competitive video gaming, and is growing at a rapid pace worldwide. Over 50 US colleges have established varsity gaming teams over the past three years; some colleges offer eSport scholarships as they do for traditional sports. There is little objective research on the health habits of these players who are often placed under the direction of the athletics department on college campuses, and there is currently no health management model on how to treat these new athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350739PMC
January 2019

Exercise dependence, eating disorder symptoms and biomarkers of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S) among male endurance athletes.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2019 10;5(1):e000439. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Sports Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.

Objectives: To explore associations betweenexercise dependence, eating disorder (ED) symptoms and biomarkers of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S) among male endurance athletes.

Methods: Fifty-three healthy well-trained male cyclists, triathletes and long-distance runners recruited from regional competitive sports clubs were included in this cross-sectional study. The protocol comprised the Exercise Dependence Scale (EXDS), the ED Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), measurements of body composition, resting metabolic rate, energy intake and expenditure and blood analysis of hormones and glucose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350749PMC
January 2019

Multisite joint pain in older Australian women is associated with poorer psychosocial health and greater medication use.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 12;27. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

8Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain frequently occurs in more than one body region, with up to 80% of adults reporting more than one joint pain site in the last 12 months. Older people and females are known to be more susceptible to multiple joint pain sites, however the association of multisite joint pain with physical and psychosocial functions in this population are unknown.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from 579 women were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0224-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371442PMC
February 2019

Accuracy of the energy expenditure during uphill exercise measured by the Waist-worn ActiGraph.

J Exerc Sci Fit 2019 Jan 23;17(2):62-66. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, No. 250, Wenhua 1st Rd., Guishan District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Background/objective: The application of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Sensors (MEMS) as measurements of energy expenditure (EE) has certain disadvantages. For example, the inertial sensors cannot easily distinguish changes in ground slope during walking/running conditions, so the accuracy of EE calculation is biased. To resolve this issue, heart rate (HR) and heart rate reserve (HRR) were used as compensatory factors respectively to correct the classical empirical formula of the accelerometer analyzer for EE in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2019.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370579PMC
January 2019

Transcriptome Sequencing Investigated the Tumor-Related Factors Changes After Infection.

Front Microbiol 2019 7;10:181. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Ji Nan Children's Hospital, Jinan, China.

is an intracellular parasite and causes a global epidemic parasitic disease. infection could inhibit the growth of tumor. In this study, the transcriptomes of samples were detected by deep sequencing analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374557PMC
February 2019

Depression, Hematologic Parameters, and Blood Levels of Vitamin B in Patients With Reflux Under Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors.

Clin Med Insights Ear Nose Throat 2019 13;12:1179550619828683. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Biotechnology, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate and correlate hematologic indices, vitamin B levels, and depression in patients with suspected reflux (LPR) treated with proton pump inhibitor (PPI).

Methods: This was a prospective study with a population (n = 23) consisted of patients with suspected LPR and treated with 2 daily doses of Omeprazole 40 mg (80 mg or full dose). The study volunteers performed a complete blood count and vitamin B dosage before and after 3 and 6 months of treatment, as well as depression screening using the Center of Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) questionnaire before and after 6 months of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179550619828683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376512PMC
February 2019

Could IL-6 inhibition prevent exercise-induced fat loss in RA?

Nat Rev Rheumatol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Clinical Research Unit, Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Dudley, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41584-019-0189-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Spikes in acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) associated with a 5-7 times greater injury rate in English Premier League football players: a comprehensive 3-year study.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Objectives: We examined the relation between global positioning system (GPS)-derived workloads and injury in English Premier League football players (n=33) over three seasons.

Methods: Workload and injury data were collected over three consecutive seasons. Cumulative (1-weekly, 2-weekly, 3-weekly and 4-weekly) loads in addition to acute:chronic workload ratios (ACWR) (acute workload (1-week workload)) divided by chronic workload (previous 4-week average acute workload) were classified into discrete ranges by z-scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099422DOI Listing
February 2019

Copenhagen Consensus statement 2019: physical activity and ageing.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Physiology, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

From 19th to 22nd November 2018, 26 researchers representing nine countries and a variety of academic disciplines met in Snekkersten, Denmark, to reach evidence-based consensus about physical activity and older adults. It was recognised that the term 'older adults' represents a highly heterogeneous population. It encompasses those that remain highly active and healthy throughout the life-course with a high intrinsic capacity to the very old and frail with low intrinsic capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100451DOI Listing
February 2019

Bright sports, physical activity investments that work: implementing brain breaks in Malaysian primary schools.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Graduate Institute of Educational Information and Measurement, National Taichung University of Education, Taichung, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100146DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of key events in baseball hitting using inertial measurement units.

J Biomech 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Japan.

Quantification of baseball hitting mechanics under game conditions help players to become successful batters and prevent injuries. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) can measure motion without any spatial restriction and are thus becoming a popular tool to investigate sports biomechanics. Biomechanical analysis of hitting requires the accurate detection of key events including "foot-off" while leaning back (F), "foot-on" during forward swing (F), and ball impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Yoga, Safe for All?

Mayo Clin Proc 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.01.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Concurrent Criterion-related Validity, Reliability, and Responsiveness to Treatment of the Figure-of-Four Position for Measurement of Anterior Hip Joint Structures Tightness.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Centre for Sports Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the intra- and intertester reliability, concurrent criterion-related validity, and responsiveness to treatment of the "figure-of-four" position.

Methods: A total of 52 asymptomatic male soccer players participated in this study. The intraclass correlation coefficient (2, 1) was used to determine intra- and intertester reliability of the figure-of-four position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.04.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):222. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Background: Existing research has documented inconsistent findings for the associations among breakfast frequency, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time in children. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among breakfast frequency and objectively-measured PA and sedentary time in a sample of children from 12 countries representing a wide range of human development, economic development and inequality. The secondary aim was to examine interactions of these associations between study sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6542-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk Factors Associated with Dengue Virus Infection in Guangdong Province: A Community-Based Case-Control Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 20;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that is now an epidemic in China, Guangdong Province, in particular and presents high incidence rates of DF. Effective preventive measures are critical for controlling DF in China given the absence of a licensed vaccination program in the country. This study aimed to explore the individual risk factors for the dengue virus infection in Guangdong Province and to provide a scientific basis for the future prevention and control of DF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040617DOI Listing
February 2019

Relationship between Perceived Indoor Temperature and Self-Reported Risk for Frailty among Community-Dwelling Older People.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 20;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of System Design Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Hiyoshi 3 14 1, Kohoku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2238522, Japan.

This study investigated the relationship between perceived indoor temperature in winter and frailty among community-dwelling older people. This cross-sectional study included 342 people 65 years and older in Japan. Participants answered questions about demographics, frailty, housing, and perceived indoor temperature in winter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040613DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of Thoracic Gas Volume Changes on Body Composition Assessed by Air Displacement Plethysmography after Rapid Weight Loss and Regain in Elite Collegiate Wrestlers.

Sports (Basel) 2019 Feb 19;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Osaka 590-0496, Japan.

We investigated the effect of rapid weight loss (RWL) and weight regain (WR) on thoracic gas volume (V) and body composition assessment using air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in male wrestlers. Eight male elite collegiate wrestlers completed a RWL regimen (6% of body mass) over a 53-h period, which was followed by a 13-h WR period. ADP was used at three time points (baseline (T1), post-RWL (T2) and post-WR (T3)) according to the manufacturer's testing recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports7020048DOI Listing
February 2019

Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity in Malaysian Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 19;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre for Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.

The increased prevalence of unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles among Malaysian adolescents has become a public health concern. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize evidence from observational studies related to diet and physical activity (PA) among Malaysian adolescents (13⁻18 years) and to recognize the associations between determinants of diet and PA and diet and PA behaviours. A systematic search for observational studies published from August 1990 through August 2017 was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane and Web of Science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040603DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of depression, anxiety, neuroticism, and severity of Internet addiction symptoms on the relationship between probable ADHD and severity of insomnia among young adults.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 3;271:726-731. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of depression, anxiety, neuroticism, and severity of Internet addiction symptoms (IAS) on the relationship between probable attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and severity of insomnia among young adults. The study was conducted with online survey among 1010 volunteered university students in Ankara, people who are in the e-mail database of a company located in Istanbul that organizes e-sports tournaments and Turkish gamers from gaming forums. Scale scores were higher among the group with high probability of insomnia (n = 200, 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.010DOI Listing
January 2019

Analysis of Neuro-Neuronal Synapses Using Embryonic Chick Ciliary Ganglion via Single-Axon Tracing, Electrophysiology, and Optogenetic Techniques.

Curr Protoc Neurosci 2019 Feb 21:e64. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Developmental Biology and Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Life Science, Sendai, Japan.

The calyx-type synapse is a giant synaptic structure in which a presynaptic terminal wraps around a postsynaptic neuron in a one-to-one manner. It has been used for decades as an experimental model system of the synapse due to its simplicity and high accessibility in physiological recording methods. In particular, the calyx of the embryonic chick ciliary ganglion (CG) has enormous potential for synapse science because more flexible genetic manipulations are available compared with other synapses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpns.64DOI Listing
February 2019

[Do Changes in Dental Occlusion Influence the Rehabilitation of a Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit (GIRD) in Professional Female Volleyball Players? A Pilot Study].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Hochschule Osnabrück, Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, Osnabrück.

Introduction:  There have been controversial discussions in research regarding the mutual relationship between changes in dental occlusion and postural reorganisation. Particularly in professional sports, the application of dental splints has been studied increasingly. However, there is a lack of data regarding the effects of a dental splint on the motor function of the shoulder joint, although overhead athletes often have to deal with long-lasting shoulder problems and their consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0753-2796DOI Listing
February 2019

MicroRNA Profile and Adaptive Response to Exercise Training: A Review.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Molecular Basis, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

MicroRNAs are small non-coding regulatory RNAs which may be released into the systemic circulation as a consequence of the body's adaptation to exercise. The expression profile of circulating miRNAs (ci-miRNAs) has been proposed as a potential diagnostic biomarker for adaptive responses of particular systems to physical exertion. Several miRNAs are recognized as regulators of signalling pathways such as the IGF1/PI3K/AKT/mTOR axis, relevant to exercise adaptation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0824-4813DOI Listing
February 2019

Normal Values of Hemoglobin Mass and Blood Volume in Young, Active Women and Men.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Sport Medicine & Prevention, University Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) and total blood volume (BV) determine the oxygen content in the blood. Varying anthropometric values are used to standardize blood volume and Hbmass. The aim of this study was to create normal values and to evaluate an anthropometric reference for Hbmass and BV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0826-9235DOI Listing
February 2019

Serum Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels Mirror Bone Mineral Density in Amenorrheic and Eumenorrheic Athletes.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Amenorrhea and osteoporosis are strongly associated in female athletes. Amenorrheic women show lower serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) than eumenorrheic women. BDNF is known to regulate bone tissue development and remodeling; thus, athletes with low serum BDNF levels may show low bone mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0835-6119DOI Listing
February 2019

Hypotensive Effect of Heated Water-based Exercise in Older Individuals with Hypertension.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Physical Education, Exercise and Chronic Disease Laboratory, São Paulo State University - UNESP, School of Sciences, Campus Bauru, Bauru, Brazil.

Blood pressure (BP) and hemodynamic response to heated water-based (HEx) land-based exercise (LEx) were assessed in 15 (6 men) older hypertensives (age 66.4±4.9 yr) under pharmacological treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0828-8017DOI Listing
February 2019

Aerobic endurance training status affects lymphocyte apoptosis sensitivity by induction of molecular genetic adaptations.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Jan 25;75:251-257. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Witten/Herdecke University, Faculty of Health/School of Medicine, Witten, Germany. Electronic address:

Apoptosis is a genetically regulated form of programmed cell death which promotes the elimination of potentially detrimental immune cells. However, exercise-associated apoptosis is thought to induce a temporarily decline of the adaptive immune competence in the early post-exercise period. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if the aerobic endurance training status affects the sensitivity of human peripheral blood lymphocytes towards different types of apoptosis inducers and secondly, if this is mediated by the modulation of apoptosis-associated proteins and microRNAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2018.10.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Coper Classification Early After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture Changes With Progressive Neuromuscular and Strength Training and Is Associated With 2-Year Success: The Delaware-Oslo ACL Cohort Study.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21:363546519825500. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Background:: Some athletes demonstrate excellent dynamic stability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and return to sport without ACL reconstruction (ACLR) (copers). Others demonstrate persistent instability despite rehabilitation (noncopers) and require surgical stabilization. Testing to determine coper classification can identify potential copers early after rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519825500DOI Listing
February 2019

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Outcomes for Quadriceps Tendon Autograft Versus Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone and Hamstring-Tendon Autografts.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Feb 21:363546518825340. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma, Pierre-Paul Riquet Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Background:: Comprehensive studies evaluating quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are lacking. The optimal choice of graft between bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB), hamstring tendon (HT), and QT is still debatable.

Hypothesis:: The current literature supports the use of QT as a strong autograft with good outcomes when used in ACL reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518825340DOI Listing
February 2019

Non-Thermal Plasma, as a New Physicochemical Source, to Induce Redox Imbalance and Subsequent Cell Death in Liver Cancer Cell Lines.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 18;52(1):119-140. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background/aims: Alteration of cancer cell redox status has been recognized as a promising therapeutic implication. In recent years, the emerged field of non-thermal plasma (NTP) has shown considerable promise in various biomedical applications, including cancer therapy. However, understanding the molecular mechanisms procuring cellular responses remains incomplete. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000009DOI Listing
February 2019

Amphiregulin Promotes Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-C Expression and Lymphangiogenesis through STAT3 Activation in Human Chondrosarcoma Cells.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 18;52(1):1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background/aims: Chondrosarcoma is the second most common primary malignancy of bone, characterized by a high metastatic potential. Increasing clinical data highlight the important role played by lymphangiogenesis in cancer metastasis. Amphiregulin (AR) has been implicated in tumor metastasis and lymphangiogenesis, but its association with vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) expression and lymphangiogenesis in chondrosarcoma is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000001DOI Listing
February 2019

Probiotics in late infancy reduce the incidence of eczema: A randomized controlled trial.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Hans Christian Andersen Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark.

Background: Allergic diseases are common and represent a considerable health and economic burden worldwide. We aimed to examine the effect of a combination of two probiotic strains administered in late infancy and early childhood on the development of allergic diseases and sensitization.

Methods: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention trial, participants were randomized to receive a daily mixture of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis or placebo-starting prior to attending day care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13018DOI Listing
February 2019

A rational, multispectral mapping algorithm for primary motor cortex: A primary step before cortical stimulation.

Epilepsia 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epilepsy, Movement Disorders, and Physiology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: For future artificial intelligence-based brain mapping, development of a rational and safe scoring system for a brain motor mapping algorithm using electrocorticography (ECoG score), which contains various spectral, purely intrinsic brain activities, is necessary for either before or in the absence of electrical cortical stimulation (ECS).

Methods: We evaluated 1114 electrodes of 10 consecutive focal epilepsy patients who underwent subdural electrode implantation before epilepsy surgery at Kyoto University Hospital during 2011-2017. Data from ECoG-based mapping (bandpass filter of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14669DOI Listing
February 2019

A Meta-Comparison of the Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training to Those of Small-Sided Games and Other Training Protocols on Parameters Related to the Physiology and Performance of Youth Soccer Players.

Sports Med Open 2019 Feb 21;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Integrative & Experimental Exercise Science and Training, Institute of Sport Science, University of Würzburg, Judenbühlweg 11, 97082, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently employed to improve the endurance of various types of athletes. To determine whether youth soccer players may benefit from the intermittent load and time efficiency of HIIT, we performed a meta-analysis of the relevant scientific literature.

Objectives: Our primary objective was to compare changes in various physiological parameters related to the performance of youth soccer players in response to running-based HIIT to the effects of other common training protocols (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0180-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Palm Oil and Beta-Palmitate in Infant Formula - A Position Paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Palm oil (PO) is used in infant formulas in order to achieve palmitic acid (PA) levels similar to those in human milk. PA in PO is esterified predominantly at the SN-1,3 position of triacylglycerol (TAG), and infant formulas are now available in which a greater proportion of PA is in the SN-2 position (typical configuration in human milk). Since there are some concerns about the use of PO, we aimed to review literature on health effects of PO and SN-2-palmitate in infant formulas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002307DOI Listing
February 2019