4,154 results match your criteria Sports Medicine[Journal]


Optimising the Late-Stage Rehabilitation and Return-to-Sport Training and Testing Process After ACL Reconstruction.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Education and Research Department, Bologna, Italy.

Despite increased knowledge on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury mechanisms, improved surgical techniques, improved understanding of ACL biomechanics and enhanced knowledge in rehabilitation practice, return-to-sport (RTS) rates and subsequent second ACL re-injury rates after ACL reconstruction are not optimal. This narrative review discusses factors that may be highly relevant for RTS training and testing after ACL reconstruction, but which have received limited research attention to date or do not form part of the standard approach to rehabilitation. These factors include (1) explosive neuromuscular performance; (2) movement quality deficits associated with re-injury risk, particularly the need to re-train optimal sport-specific movement patterns; (3) the influence of fatigue; and (4) a lack of sport-specific re-training prior to RTS, with particular attention to an insufficient development of chronic training load. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01102-zDOI Listing

Role of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in the Mental Health of Preschoolers, Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Background: Evidence suggests that participation in physical activity may support young people's current and future mental health. Although previous reviews have examined the relationship between physical activity and a range of mental health outcomes in children and adolescents, due to the large increase in published studies there is a need for an update and quantitative synthesis of effects.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of physical activity interventions on mental health outcomes by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis, and to systematically synthesize the observational evidence (both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies) regarding the associations between physical activity and sedentary behavior and mental health in preschoolers (2-5 years of age), children (6-11 years of age) and adolescents (12-18 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01099-5DOI Listing

Caffeine and Exercise: What Next?

Sports Med 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute for Health and Sport (IHES), Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Caffeine is a widely utilized performance-enhancing supplement used by athletes and non-athletes alike. In recent years, a number of meta-analyses have demonstrated that caffeine's ergogenic effects on exercise performance are well-established and well-replicated, appearing consistent across a broad range of exercise modalities. As such, it is clear that caffeine is an ergogenic aid-but can we further explore the context of this ergogenic aid in order to better inform practice? We propose that future research should aim to better understand the nuances of caffeine use within sport and exercise. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01101-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01101-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

What is the Prevalence of Hip Intra-Articular Pathologies and Osteoarthritis in Active Athletes with Hip and Groin Pain Compared with Those Without? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, 3068, Australia.

Background: In athletes, hip and groin pain is considered to be associated with hip intra-articular pathologies and hip osteoarthritis (OA). A greater understanding of the relationship between hip and groin pain and imaging findings is required.

Objective: Our objective was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of hip intra-articular pathologies and hip OA in athletes with and without hip and groin pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01092-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exertional Heat Stroke within Secondary School Athletics.

Authors:
William M Adams

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):149-153

Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC.

Exertional heat stroke (EHS) remains one of the leading causes of sudden death in sport despite clear evidence showing 100% survivability with the proper standards of care in place and utilized. Of particular concern are student athletes competing at the secondary school level, where the extent of appropriate health care services remains suboptimal compared with organized athletics at the collegiate level and higher. While rapid recognition and rapid treatment of EHS ensures survival, the adoption and implementation of these lifesaving steps within secondary school athletics warrant further discussion within the sports medicine community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000585DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Whole-Body Cryotherapy in Sports Medicine.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):136-140

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Cryotherapy has gained popularity among athletes across many sports. The main goals of cryotherapy, and specifically whole-body cryotherapy, are for injury prevention and counteracting negative inflammatory symptoms following athletic performance in hopes of improving recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000584DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Dive Medicine: Current Perspectives and Future Directions.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):129-135

Morton Plant Mease Family Medicine Residency Program, Department of Family Medicine, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL.

As SCUBA diving continues to rapidly grow in the United States and worldwide, physicians should have a fundamental working knowledge to provide care for an injured diver. SCUBA divers are faced with many hazards at depths that are normally well compensated for at sea level. Pressure gradients, changes in the partial pressure of inhaled gases and gas solubility can have disastrous effects to the diver if not managed properly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000583DOI Listing

Open Water Swimming: Medical and Water Quality Considerations.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):121-128

Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, CANADA.

The sport of open water swimming (OWS) has been popularized on a global scale. This population of athletes may experience several unique medical conditions, necessitating a review of medical issues and environmental considerations. Clinicians providing care for OWS athletes should be educated and trained to recognize and manage illnesses and conditions that often occur in an effort to ensure athlete safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000582DOI Listing

Hyponatremia Following a Marathon, A Multifactorial Case with over Infusion of Fluids.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):115-117

Heller Institute of Medical Research, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, ISRAEL.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000580DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Rhabdomyolysis and Malaria in a College Football Player.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):112-114

Davidson College Sports Medicine, Davidson, NC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000579DOI Listing

Nutrition Assessment of the Athlete.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):105-108

Department of Family and Consumer Sciences (Human Nutrition), University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000586DOI Listing

Altitude Training and Recombinant Human Erythropoietin: Considerations for Doping Detection.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):97-104

Collaborating Centre of Sports Medicine, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UNITED KINGDOM.

The benefit of training at altitude to enhance exercise performance remains equivocal although the most widely accepted approach is one where the athletes live and perform lower-intensity running at approximately 2300 m with high-intensity training at approximately 1250 m. The idea is that this method maintains maximal augmentations in total hemoglobin mass while reducing the performance impairment of high-intensity sessions performed at moderate altitude and thus preventing any detraining that can occur when athletes live and train at moderate altitude. This training regimen, however, is not universally accepted and some argue that the performance enhancement is due to placebo and training camp effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000577DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Sports Training Principles.

Authors:
Korey Kasper

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Apr;18(4):95-96

NCC Military Sports Medicine Fellow, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000576DOI Listing

Is Muscular Fitness Associated with Future Health Benefits in Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Navarrabiomed, IdiSNa, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.

Background: No previous systematic review has quantitatively examined the association between muscular fitness during childhood and adolescence and health parameters later in life.

Objective: The aim was to systematically review and meta-analyze the current evidence for a prospective association between muscular fitness in childhood and adolescence and future health status.

Methods: Two authors systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SPORTDiscus electronic databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists of selected articles. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01098-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01098-6DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Correction to: Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivo in Humans: A Systematic Review.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Sport and Health Science, University of Exeter, St Lukes Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK.

The following sections 3.5.1 to 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01100-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exercise Frequency Determines Heart Rate Variability Gains in Older People: A Meta-Analysis and Meta-Regression.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):719-729

Univ Lyon, UJM-Saint-Etienne Autonomic Nervous System Research Laboratory, EA 4607 SNA-EPIS, 42023, Saint-Étienne, France.

Background: Previous studies have suggested that exercise training improves cardiac autonomic drive in young and middle-aged adults. In this study, we discuss the benefits for the elderly.

Objectives: We aimed to establish whether exercise still increases heart rate variability (HRV) beyond the age of 60 years, and to identify which training factors influence HRV gains in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01097-7DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Weightlifting Overhead Pressing Derivatives: A Review of the Literature.

Sports Med 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Directorate of Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy, University of Salford, Frederick Road Campus, Statham St, Salford, Manchester, M6 6NY, UK.

This review examines the literature on weightlifting overhead pressing derivatives (WOPDs) and provides information regarding historical, technical, kinetic and kinematic mechanisms as well as potential benefits and guidelines to implement the use of WOPDs as training tools for sports populations. Only 13 articles were found in a search of electronic databases, which was employed to gather empirical evidence to provide an insight into the kinetic and kinematic mechanisms underpinning WOPDs. Practitioners may implement WOPDs such as push press, push jerk or split jerk from the back as well as the front rack position to provide an adequate stimulus to improve not only weightlifting performance but also sports performance as: (1) the use of WOPDs is an additional strategy to improve weightlifting performance; (2) WOPDs require the ability to develop high forces rapidly by an impulsive triple extension of the hips, knees and ankles, which is mechanically similar to many sporting tasks; (3) WOPDs may be beneficial for enhancing power development and maximal strength in the sport population; and, finally, (4) WOPDs may provide a variation in training stimulus for the sports population due to the technical demands, need for balance and coordination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01096-8DOI Listing

What is the Evidence for and Validity of Return-to-Sport Testing after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) return-to-sport (RTS) test batteries are popular and are employed to test athletes' sport performance and help ensure a safe return to sport.

Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine: (1) the proportion of patients who passed RTS test batteries after ACL reconstruction, (2) whether passing RTS test batteries increased rates of return to play, and (3) whether passing RTS test batteries reduced subsequent rates of knee and ACL injury.

Methods: Five databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) were searched to identify relevant studies and data were extracted regarding the number of patients who passed the RTS test battery, as well as subsequent RTS rates and re-injury data when available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01093-xDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reliability, Validity and Utility of Inertial Sensor Systems for Postural Control Assessment in Sport Science and Medicine Applications: A Systematic Review.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):783-818

Insight Centre for Data Analytics, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Recent advances in mobile sensing and computing technology have provided a means to objectively and unobtrusively quantify postural control. This has resulted in the rapid development and evaluation of a series of wearable inertial sensor-based assessments. However, the validity, reliability and clinical utility of such systems is not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01095-9DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Effect of Immobilisation on Neuromuscular Function In Vivo in Humans: A Systematic Review.

Sports Med 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Sport and Health Science, University of Exeter, St Lukes Campus, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK.

Background: Muscle strength loss following immobilisation has been predominantly attributed to rapid muscle atrophy. However, this cannot fully explain the magnitude of muscle strength loss, so changes in neuromuscular function (NMF) may be involved.

Objectives: We systematically reviewed literature that quantified changes in muscle strength, size and NMF following periods of limb immobilisation in vivo in humans. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01088-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01088-8DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Acute Effects of Citrulline Supplementation on High-Intensity Strength and Power Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):707-718

Human Movement Science Curriculum, Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Citrulline is an increasingly common dietary supplement that is thought to enhance exercise performance by increasing nitric oxide production. In the last 5 years, several studies have investigated the effects of citrulline supplements on strength and power outcomes, with mixed results reported. To date, the current authors are unaware of any attempts to systematically review this emerging body of literature. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01091-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01091-zDOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Anti-doping Policy, Therapeutic Use Exemption and Medication Use in Athletes with Asthma: A Narrative Review and Critical Appraisal of Current Regulations.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):659-668

Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, LS6 3QT, UK.

Asthma is prevalent in athletes and when untreated can impact both respiratory health and sports performance. Pharmacological inhaler therapy currently forms the mainstay of treatment; however, for elite athletes competing under the constraints of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), a number of established therapies are prohibited both in and/or out of competition and/or have a maximum permitted dose. The recent release of medical information detailing inhaler therapy in high-profile athletes has brought the legitimacy and utilisation of asthma medication in this setting into sharp focus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01075-zDOI Listing

Comment on: "Challenging Conventional Paradigms in Applied Sports Biomechanics Research".

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):827-829

Institute for Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, 006 Greenbank Building, Preston, PR1 2HE, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01094-wDOI Listing

Effects of Small-Sided Games vs. Conventional Endurance Training on Endurance Performance in Male Youth Soccer Players: A Meta-Analytical Comparison.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):731-742

Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Research Nucleus in Health, Physical Activity and Sport, Laboratory of Measurement and Assessment in Sport, University of Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile.

Background: Small-sided games have been suggested as a viable alternative to conventional endurance training to enhance endurance performance in youth soccer players. This has important implications for long-term athlete development because it suggests that players can increase aerobic endurance through activities that closely resemble their sport of choice.

Objectives: The objectives of this meta-analysis were to compare male youth soccer players' adaptability to small-sided games vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01086-wDOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Behavioral Correlates of Muscular Fitness in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

Sports Med 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Background: Muscular fitness (MF) is considered a powerful marker of health, but the extent to which common health behaviors are associated with MF during childhood and adolescence is currently unclear.

Objective: We conducted a systematic review of studies investigating associations between MF (i.e. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01089-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01089-7DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Sport-related Concussion Clinical Profiles: Clinical Characteristics, Targeted Treatments, and Preliminary Evidence.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):82-92

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a heterogeneous injury that involves varied symptoms and impairment that presents a significant clinical challenge to sports medicine professionals. In response to this challenge, clinical researchers have proposed clinical profiles or subtype models for assessing and treating athletes with SRC. One such model emphasizes five concussion clinical profiles including cognitive/fatigue, vestibular, ocular, migraine, and anxiety/mood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000573DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Shared Decision Making for Athletes with Cardiovascular Disease: Practical Considerations.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):76-81

Cardiology/Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

The diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in competitive athletes represent a fundamental responsibility of the sports medicine community. Following the diagnosis of a CVD in a competitive athlete, it is the responsibility of the sports medicine team to delineate an effective treatment and management strategy that places the health and wellness of the athlete as the primary objective. An essential and often challenging aspect of this process is determining the appropriateness of continued participation (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000575DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Sport-related Jejunal Rupture.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):68-71

Department of Surgery, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000570DOI Listing

An Indelible Stain: The Conspiracy of Silence.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):67

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000572DOI Listing

Reflections on Rhabdomyolysis: Litigations and Considerations.

Authors:
E Randy Eichner

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):63-64

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000574DOI Listing

Featuring Martin D. Hoffman, MD, FACSM.

Authors:
Lori Tish

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Mar;18(3):61-62

American College of Sports Medicine Editorial Services Office, Indianapolis, IN.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000568DOI Listing

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Crossover Studies Comparing Physiological, Perceptual and Performance Measures Between Treadmill and Overground Running.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):763-782

Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, 75 Talavera Rd, Macquarie Park, NSW, 2109, Australia.

Background: Treadmills are routinely used to assess running performance and training parameters related to physiological or perceived effort. These measurements are presumed to replicate overground running but there has been no systematic review comparing performance, physiology and perceived effort between treadmill and overground running.

Objective: The objective of this systematic review was to compare physiological, perceptual and performance measures between treadmill and overground running in healthy adults. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01087-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01087-9DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Training Considerations for Optimising Endurance Development: An Alternate Concurrent Training Perspective.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):669-682

Flinders University, Social Health Sciences, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Whilst the "acute hypothesis" was originally coined to describe the detrimental effects of concurrent training on strength development, similar physiological processes may occur when endurance training adaptations are compromised. There is a growing body of research indicating that typical resistance exercises impair neuromuscular function and endurance performance during periods of resistance training-induced muscle damage. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that the attenuating effects of resistance training-induced muscle damage on endurance performance are influenced by exercise intensity, exercise mode, exercise sequence, recovery and contraction velocity of resistance training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01072-2DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Acute Effects of Resistance Exercise on Cognitive Function in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review with Multilevel Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Background: Recent research has revealed a beneficial impact of chronic resistance exercise (RE) on brain function. However, it is unclear as to whether RE is also effective in an acute setting.

Objective: To investigate the immediate effects of a single RE session on cognitive performance in healthy adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01085-xDOI Listing

Assessing the Return on Investment of Injury Prevention Procedures in Professional Football.

Authors:
Colin W Fuller

Sports Med 2019 Apr;49(4):621-629

Colin Fuller Consultancy Ltd, Main Street, Sutton Bonington, LE12 5PE, UK.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to develop a quick and simple screening procedure for evaluating the return on investment provided by injury prevention programmes in professional football. Injury prevention in sport has usually been considered in isolation of other management responsibilities, and interventions are published irrespective of whether their impact is worthwhile and irrespective of the return on players' time investment in the programme. This approach is naive from a business perspective and is not an approach normally adopted by commercial organisations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01083-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01083-zDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Relative Efficacy of Different Exercises for Pain, Function, Performance and Quality of Life in Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis: Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):743-761

Arthritis Research UK Pain Centre, Academic Rheumatology, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK.

Background: Guidelines recommend exercise as a core treatment for osteoarthritis (OA). However, it is unclear which type of exercise is most effective, leading to inconsistency between different recommendations.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review and network meta-analysis was to investigate the relative efficacy of different exercises (aerobic, mind-body, strengthening, flexibility/skill, or mixed) for improving pain, function, performance and quality of life (QoL) for knee and hip OA at, or nearest to, 8 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01082-0DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

A Systematic Review of Fitness Apps and Their Potential Clinical and Sports Utility for Objective and Remote Assessment of Cardiorespiratory Fitness.

Sports Med 2019 Apr;49(4):587-600

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) assessment provides key information regarding general health status that has high clinical utility. In addition, in the sports setting, CRF testing is needed to establish a baseline level, prescribe an individualized training program and monitor improvement in athletic performance. As such, the assessment of CRF has both clinical and sports utility. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01084-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01084-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422959PMC
April 2019
13 Reads

When Jump Height is not a Good Indicator of Lower Limb Maximal Power Output: Theoretical Demonstration, Experimental Evidence and Practical Solutions.

Sports Med 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Biologie de la Motricité, EA 7424, Chambéry, France.

Lower limb external maximal power output capacity is a key physical component of performance in many sports. During squat jump and countermovement jump tests, athletes produce high amounts of mechanical work over a short duration to displace their body mass (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01073-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Comment on: "Effects of Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse on Cycling Time Trial Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis".

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):819-821

Department of Head and Neck Oncology, West China Hospital of Stomatology and State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, No. 14, Section Three, Ren Min Nan Road, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01076-yDOI Listing

Reply to Li et al.: Comment on "Effects of Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse on Cycling Time Trial Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis".

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):823-825

Exercise Psychophysiology Research Group, School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, 1000 Arlindo Béttio Av, Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo, SP, 03828-000, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01077-xDOI Listing

Current Anti-Doping Crisis: The Limits of Medical Evidence Employing Inductive Statistical Inference.

Sports Med 2019 Apr;49(4):497-500

Department of Cultural Studies and Languages, Faculty of Arts and Education, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01074-0DOI Listing

Reply to Carson and Collins: Comment on: "Challenging Conventional Paradigms in Applied Sports Biomechanics Research".

Sports Med 2019 May;49(5):831-832

Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01081-1DOI Listing

Correction to: Effects of Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse on Cycling Time Trial Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Apr;49(4):645

Exercise Psychophysiology Research Group, School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, 1000 Arlindo Béttio Avenue, Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo, SP, 03828-000, Brazil.

Section 3.2, Fig. 2: The wording on the x-axis which previously read. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01079-9DOI Listing

Correction to: Principles of Motor Learning to Support Neuroplasticity After ACL Injury: Implications for Optimizing Performance and Reducing Risk of Second ACL Injury.

Sports Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Exercise Science & Neuroscience Unit, Department Exercise and Health, Faculty of Science, Paderborn University, Paderborn, Germany.

"As ACL injury may alter intracortical facilitation [34] and depressed intracortical inhibition is correlated with decreased quadriceps voluntary activation capability [35], external focus training may provide a means to restore quadriceps muscle activity via increasing intracortical inhibition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01078-wDOI Listing
February 2019
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Physical Exercise and Epigenetic Modifications in Skeletal Muscle.

Sports Med 2019 Apr;49(4):509-523

Department of Sports Medicine, University Medicine Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 6, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Physical activity and sports play major roles in the overall health status of humans. It is well known that regular exercise helps to lower the risk for a broad variety of health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Being physically active induces a wide variety of molecular adaptations, for example fiber type switches or other metabolic alterations, in skeletal muscle tissue. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40279-019-01070-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01070-4DOI Listing
April 2019
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