5,361 results match your criteria Spondylolysis Imaging


A less invasive surgery using a full-endoscopic system for L5 nerve root compression caused by lumbar foraminal stenosis.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):594-601

Department of Orthopaedics, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a relatively less invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). This study investigated the usefulness of a full-endoscopic system for PELD to treat L5 nerve root compression caused by lumbar foraminal stenosis (L5-LFS).

Methods: Between November 2016 and December 2017, a total of 10 patients with unilateral leg pain due to L5-LFS underwent surgery using a full-endoscopic system for PELD. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of curable and pseudoarthrosis stages of adolescent lumbar spondylolysis.

J Rural Med 2018 Nov 29;13(2):105-109. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Tsukuba University Hospital Mito Clinical Education and Training Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Japan.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of curable and pseudoarthrosis stages of adolescent lumbar spondylolysis under high school students complaining of and seeking medical consultation for low back pain. We analyzed age, sex, morbidity, presence of spina bifida occulta (SBO), and competitive sport discipline of patients with lumbar spondylolysis. We then stratified their pathological stage using a modified classification system via magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Relationship between individual payload weight and spondylolysis incidence in Turkish land forces.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E12

OBJECTIVEThe aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lumbar spondylolysis and payload weight between different combat units of Turkish land forces (TLF).METHODThe authors reviewed clinical and radiological data of the military personnel with low-back pain (LBP) admitted to their clinic between July 2017 and July 2018. Age, BMI, average payload weight, and military service unit were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Spondylolysis 2019 update.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Provide a comprehensive overview of lumbar spondylolysis, a frequent cause of lower back pain in children and adolescents, from evaluation to management.

Recent Findings: With the surge of structured sports participation in the pediatric population, spondylolysis is a common ailment that afflicts many young athletes due to rigorous competition that taxes the growing spine with repetitive extension and rotation.

Summary: Spondylolysis is a fracture through the pars interarticularis. Read More

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December 2018

Minimum of 10-year follow-up of V-rod technique in lumbar spondylolysis.

Eur Spine J 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Orthopedics Department, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Purpose: To describe and analyze the use of the V-rod technique described by Gillet to repair spondylolysis in both early and late postoperative periods.

Methods: Patients submitted to surgical correction of lumbar spondylolysis with a V-rod system were selected upon exclusion of adjacent disk degenerative changes and high-grade spondylolisthesis. A preoperative clinical (ODI and VAS) and radiological evaluation was performed, along with assessments on the early (clinical evaluation-up to 1 year) and late (clinical and radiological-at least 10 years) postoperative periods. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

"Temporary " short segment fixation in treating Adolescent lumbar spondylolysis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, No. 76 Nanguo Road, Nanshao gate, Xi'an 710054, Shan'xi Province, China.

Objective: To introduce a new operation for isthmic spondylolysis in teenagers and to evaluate its clinical efficacy.

Methods: Thirty cases of teenage isthmic spondylolysis patients with chronic low back pain underwent "temporary" short-segmental pedicle screw combined with transverse device fixation and isthmic bone graft repair treatment. X-ray and CT images were evaluated during the regular follow-up to confirm successful bone graft fusion, after which the fixation was removed. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

MRI bone marrow oedema precedes lumbar bone stress injury diagnosis in junior elite cricket fast bowlers.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: Lumbar bone stress injury ('bone stress injury') is common in junior fast bowlers. The repetitive loading of cricket fast bowling may cause bone marrow oedema (BMO), detectable on MRI, before the bowler suffers from symptomatic bone stress injury. We investigated the temporal relationship between BMO, bone stress injury, along with bowling workload correlates, in elite junior fast bowlers throughout a cricket season. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

The Young Injured Gymnast: A Literature Review and Discussion.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2018 Nov;17(11):366-375

Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics, Boston Children's Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, MA.

Gymnastics is a sport requiring grace, strength, and flexibility, resulting in a wide variety of injuries. This article is an overview of the sport of gymnastics and associated injury trends in the artistic gymnastics population. Injury rates in gymnastics range from 1. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Incidence rates and characteristics of abnormal lumbar findings and low back pain in child and adolescent weightlifter: A prospective three-year cohort study.

PLoS One 2018 29;13(10):e0206125. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Takara-machi, Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this three-year cohort study was to assess the incidence rates and characteristics of abnormal lumbar findings and low back pain (LBP) in child and adolescent weightlifting athletes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and medical questionnaires. This study evaluated subclinical sports injuries, which in turn may help prevent competition-specific injuries and improve performance levels.

Materials And Methods: Between 2014 and 2016, twelve participants who had been competing in weightlifting events for at least 2 years were enrolled in this study. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Determination of cervical stenosis in rugby players using an alternative radiographic method.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2018 16;4(1):e000411. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Sports Medicine Group of the Orthopedics Institute, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To find a radiographic method that best correlates with the mean subaxial cervical space available for the cord (MSCSAC) by using a fixed size parameter as radiographic reference, in contrast to the use of vertebral bodies as reference in the mean subaxial cervical Torg ratio (MTorg).

Methods: The study was approved by an institutional review board and written informed consent was obtained. Radiographs and cervical neck MRI were obtained from 18 male rugby athletes (age 18-30 years). Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Segmental Lordosis of the Spondylolytic Vertebrae in Adolescent Lumbar Spondylolysis: Differences between Bilateral L5 and L4 Spondylolysis.

Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 16;12(6):1037-1042. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Graduate School of Health Science, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether segmental lumbar hyperlordosis of the affected vertebra in patients with spondylolysis occurs only at L5 or also occurs at L4.

Overview Of Literature: To the best of our knowledge, increase in segmental lordosis of the spondylolytic vertebrae has only been investigated in bilateral L5 spondylolysis; it has not been examined at different levels of bilateral spondylolysis. Read More

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December 2018

Spino-pelvic alignment, balance, and functional disability in patients with low-grade degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

J Rehabil Med 2018 Nov;50(10):898-907

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ROC.

Objective: To evaluate the relationships among spino-pelvic parameters, trunk balance and functional disability in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Design:  Cross-sectional study.

Subjects: Forty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis and effectiveness of rehabilitation.

J Med Invest 2018 ;65(3.4):177-183

Department of Rehabilitation, Tsuji Hideki Orthopedics.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis (LS), factors that increase the load during compensatory movements at the lumbar spine, and the outcomes of rehabilitation. Twenty patients were included. Fifteen items were used:fingertip-to-floor distance (FFD), straight leg raising (SLR), heel-to-buttock distance (HBD), tightness of the rectus femoris, the lateral and medial rotator muscles, iliopsoas, tensor fascia lata, adductor muscles, soleus muscle, and latissimus dorsi, and trunk rotation, sit-ups and endurance of the abdominal and back muscles. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

The Role of Sacral Slope in the Progression of a Bilateral Spondylolytic Defect at L5 to Spondylolisthesis: A Biomechanical Investigation Using Finite Element Analysis.

Global Spine J 2018 Aug 16;8(5):460-470. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Spine Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. George & Sutherland Clinical School, University of New South Wales Australia, Kogarah, Sydney NSW, Australia.

Study Design: A biomechanical study using finite element analysis.

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to investigate the role of sacral slope in the progression of a L5 bilateral spondylolytic defect to spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A 3-dimensional model of lumbosacral spine was built using computed tomography (CT) data procured from an anonymized healthy male subject. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Minimal invasive surgical technique in midline lumbar inter-body fusion: A technique note.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Sep 6;55:103-108. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Midline lumbar inter-body fusion (MIDLF) surgery with cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw insertion is a modern fusion technique for spinal surgery. The difference in entry point of this trajectory from conventional pedicle screw surgery offers the potential benefits of less soft tissue dissection and reduced blood loss, post-operative wound pain, and infection risks. Because this is a newly developed technique first announced by Santoni in 2009, most surgeons perform this surgery in a mini-open fashion and require more intra-operative fluoroscopy and ionizing radiation exposure during screw placement. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

False localizing sign caused by schwannoma in cervical spinal canal at C1-2 level: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12215

Rationale: False localizing sign means that the lesion, which is the cause of the symptom, is remote or distant from the anatomical site predicted by neurological examination. This concept contradicts the classical clinicoanatomical correlation paradigm underlying neurological examinations.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old man consulted for the right sciatica-like leg pain that had aggravated 1 year ago. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Ultrashort Time-to-Echo Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 3 T for the Detection of Spondylolysis in Cadaveric Spines: Comparison With CT.

Invest Radiol 2019 Jan;54(1):32-38

Department of Radiology, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance and confidence of conventional, optimized, and ultrashort time to echo (UTE) magnetic resonance (MR) protocols for detection of simulated lumbar spondylolysis in human cadavers. In addition, we sought to demonstrate the feasibility of the UTE technique in subjects with and without spondylolysis.

Materials And Methods: Four human lumbar spine specimens with 46 individual pars interarticularis were randomly left intact (n = 26) or received experimental osteotomy (n = 20) using a microsurgical saw to simulate spondylolysis. Read More

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January 2019
9 Reads

Comparison of minimally invasive decompression and combined minimally invasive decompression and fusion in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis with instability.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 25;57:79-85. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with cortical bone trajectory (CBT-PLIF) is a form of minimally invasive decompression and fusion, whereas microendoscopic laminotomy (MEL) is a form of minimally invasive decompression surgery. No study has compared the clinical outcomes of the two methods for patients who have degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) with instability. In this study, CBT-PLIF and MEL were both offered to 64 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of Direct Versus Indirect Decompression with Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Matched-Pair Comparison Analysis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 10;119:e898-e909. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea; The Catholic Central Laboratory of Surgery (CCLS), Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the radiologic and clinical outcomes between oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) without laminectomy and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF).

Methods: This was a retrospective study. Between April 2012 and January 2017, 25 patients in each of the MI-TLIF and OLIF groups were recruited as matched pairs. Read More

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November 2018
13 Reads

Classification of Lumbar Facet Joint Cysts Using the NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG) Grading Score and Correlation with Recurrence and Clinical Outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1;119:e502-e512. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG), Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia; Prince of Wales Hospital Private, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the validity of the proposed NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group Classification System through a retrospective analysis of patients treated surgically for lumbar facet joint cysts at a single institution.

Methods: In a cohort of 166 patients, sagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to measure degree of spondylolisthesis, whereas axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to determine the percentage of vertebral canal occupied by the cyst. Grading was performed by 2 observers. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
2.420 Impact Factor

Lumbosacral Defects in a 16th-18th-Century Joseon Dynasty Skeletal Series from Korea.

Biomed Res Int 2018 27;2018:7406797. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Department of Anatomy, Seoul National University College of Medicine, No. 103, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea.

Paleopathological evidence for congenital and degenerative disorders of the lumbosacral vertebrae is informative about ancient individual lifeways and physical conditions. However, very few studies have focused on the paleopathology of the lumbosacral vertebrae in ancient skeletal series from East Asia. One reason for the lack of studies is that skeletal samples from East Asia are typically insufficient in size to represent populations for comparative studies within the continent. Read More

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June 2018
6 Reads

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis-Background and Perspectives.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 19;118:243-245. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Neurosurgical Department, Hannover Nordstadt Hospital (affiliated to the Hannover Medical School), Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

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October 2018
5 Reads

Transfacet Screw Fixation for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis with Mild Instability: A Preliminary Study.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Sep 16;79(5):358-364. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background:  Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis are frequently associated with facet joint degeneration, considered the main cause of low back pain. Surgery is the treatment of choice in patients affected by LSS unresponsive to conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcome of patients treated with posterior decompression and transfacet fixation for single-level LSS and facet joint degeneration. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression in the Setting of Lateral Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 22;117:321-325. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rhode Island Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Lateral subluxation of the vertebra is commonly seen in degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery is an emerging technique in spine surgery but has never been described as a treatment option for lumbar radiculopathy in the setting of lateral lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A technique for endoscopic treatment of lumbar disc herniation in the setting of lateral spondylolisthesis is presented. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

The Challenge of Creating Lordosis in High-Grade Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis.

Neurosurg Clin N Am 2018 Jul;29(3):375-387

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue South, Suite R200, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue South, Suite R200, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. Electronic address:

High-grade dysplastic spondylolisthesis (HGDS) is a subset of L5-S1 spondylolisthesis that occurs due to dysmorphic anatomy at the lumbosacral junction, often resulting in sagittal imbalance. Enhanced understanding of global sagittal alignment has led many to preferentially treat HGDS with reduction and fusion to restore sagittal balance. The purpose of this article is to review published surgical techniques for obtaining sagittal correction in HGDS and to evaluate the current evidence regarding the associated surgical complications. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Sagittal Alignment of the Lumbar Spine.

Neurosurg Clin N Am 2018 Jul;29(3):331-339

Neurosurgery, UCSF Spine Center, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address:

Alignment of the lumbar spine has an important impact on the segmental motion, degenerative pathology, and health-related quality of life. The relationship between lumbar lordosis and pelvic incidence is predictive in the pathogenesis of spinal disorders, including disk degeneration, spondylolisthesis, and adjacent segment degeneration. This article reviews the relationship between lumbar and pelvic alignment with pathology of the lumbar spine, provides goals for appropriate alignment in reconstructive surgery, and discusses strategies for effective realignment of the spine. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

[Recommendations for Diagnosis and Treatment of Fractures of the Ring of Axis].

Z Orthop Unfall 2018 Jun 22. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, BG Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle.

In a consensus process with four sessions in 2017, the working group "upper cervical spine" of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery (DGOU) formulated "Therapeutic Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Upper Cervical Fractures", taking their own experience and the current literature into consideration. The following article describes the recommendations for axis ring fractures (traumatic spondylolysis C2). About 19 to 49% of all cervical spine injuries include the axis vertebra. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

Comparative Utility of Dynamic and Static Imaging in the Management of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 19;117:e507-e513. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University, Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Segmental instability traditionally is investigated with flexion and extension (F/E) radiographs. We sought to determine whether motion between upright and supine (U/S) views can serve as an alternative sensitive diagnostic tool that predicts similar outcomes.

Methods: Ambispective collection of data was performed for 222 consecutive patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Biomechanical analysis of spino-pelvic postural configurations in spondylolysis subjected to various sport-related dynamic loading conditions.

Eur Spine J 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnique Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Purpose: To study the risks of spondylolysis due to extrinsic loading conditions related to sports activities and intrinsic spino-pelvic postural parameters [pelvic incidence (PI) and sacral slope (SS)].

Methods: A comprehensive osseo-disco-ligamentous L4-S1 finite element model was built for three cases with spondylolysis representing three different spino-pelvic angular configurations (SS = 32°, 47°, 59° and PI = 49°, 58°, 72°, respectively). After simulating the standing posture, 16 dynamic loading conditions were computationally tested for each configuration by combining four sport-related loads (compression, sagittal and lateral bending and axial torque). Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Long-Term Minimum Clinically Important Difference in Health-Related Quality of Life Scores After Instrumented Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Low-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 18;117:e493-e499. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chungdam Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Despite its growing popularity, no comparative studies have explored the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of health-related quality of life scores following lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) performed on a single-level adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (LGIS).

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate factors related to MCID of health-related quality of life scores following instrumented LIF performed on a single-level adult LGIS.

Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent instrumented LIF for single-level LGIS were reviewed. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Surgical Outcomes of Single-Level Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With and Without Kyphotic Alignment.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 15;117:e396-e402. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We sought to investigate the impact of single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on lumbar sagittal profile in degenerative spondylosis (DS) patients with or without kyphotic alignment, as well as compare radiologic and clinical outcomes based on preoperative sagittal alignment.

Background: DS with a kyphotic alignment at an involved segment constitutes a distinct subgroup. However, previous studies concerning surgical outcomes often lump all patients together without focusing on this distinct subgroup. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Spondylolisthesis is Common, Early, and Severe in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Sep;38(8):e455-e461

Departments of Pediatrics.

Background: We studied the prevalence and treatment outcomes of spondylolisthesis in patients with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS).

Methods: Clinical data and lumbosacral imaging of 138 patients with LDS were reviewed. Spondylolisthesis (L4-L5 or L5-S1) and spondylolysis were characterized by multimodal imaging and correlated with clinical data. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: A review of the literature.

J Orthop 2018 Jun 17;15(2):404-407. Epub 2018 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toledo Medical Center, 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, OH, USA.

Spondylolysis is a common diagnosis with a high prevalence in children and adolescents complaining of low back pain. It may be caused by either a defect or fracture of the pars interarticularis due to mechanical stress. Depending on the severity of the spondylolysis and symptoms associated it may be treated either conservatively or surgically, both of which have shown significant success. Read More

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June 2018
7 Reads

Factors Associated with the Symptoms of Young Adults with L5 Spondylolysis.

Asian Spine J 2018 Jun 4;12(3):476-483. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Study Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Purpose: To investigate the factors affecting symptoms in young adults with L5 spondylolysis.

Overview Of Literature: L5 spondylolysis is a common disease. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

A Letter to the Editor regarding "Fusion or Not for Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review".

Pain Physician 2018 05;21(3):E284-E287

Shiraz Neuroscience Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

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May 2018
1 Read
3.540 Impact Factor

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome with Status Epilepticus Following Surgery for Lumbar Stenosis and Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 1;116:309-315. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain.

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiologic condition encountered in many different clinical settings; it generally occurs in the context of hypertensive crisis, immunosuppressive therapy, or autoimmune diseases. It is characterized by headache, stupor, seizures, and visual alterations. Magnetic resonance imaging findings include white matter changes preferentially in the parieto-occipital regions. Read More

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August 2018
4 Reads

Traumatic Lumbosacral Spondyloptosis in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report and Literature Review.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2018 30;53(4):263-269. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

A 4-year-old girl was admitted to the emergency department after having been buried beneath a wall. A computed tomography scan revealed anterior grade V L5-S1 spondylolisthesis, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a traumatic rupture of the fibrous annulus of the L5-S1 intervertebral disc and lesion of the anterior longitudinal and yellow ligaments. The patient underwent anterior and posterior fixation. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Lumbar Hyperextension in Baseball Pitching: A Potential Cause of Spondylolysis.

J Appl Biomech 2018 Nov 30:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

2 Connecticut Children's Medical Center.

Symptomatic spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis is thought to be caused by repetitive lumbar extension. About 8.9% of baseball pitchers that experience back pain will be diagnosed with spondylolysis. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
0.904 Impact Factor

Radiographic analysis of the listhesis associated with lumbar isthmic spondylolysis.

Authors:
Jean Legaye

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Sep 25;104(5):569-573. Epub 2018 May 25.

Département de chirurgie orthopédique, hôpital universitaire UCL Mont-Godinne, 5530 Yvoir, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: In cases of spondylolysis, hypoplasia of L5 mimicking spondylolisthesis has been described, mainly based on MRI; however, the treatment implications have not been analyzed specifically.

Objective: Assess the impact of hypoplasia of the L5 vertebral body in the constitution of the spondylolisthesis associated with isthmic spondylolysis.

Material And Methods: A retrospective radiographic study in the standing position was performed with 104 patients with L5 isthmic spondylolysis and 24 control subjects. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Wound Complications After Single-Level Posterolateral and Interbody Fusion for Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 23;116:e824-e829. Epub 2018 May 23.

Spine Research Group, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the impact of cigarette smoking on the development of wound complications, including wound dehiscence, superficial infection, deep infection, or organ space infection, within the first 30 postoperative days in patients undergoing surgery for spondylolisthesis.

Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the years 2012-2014 was used to identify adult patients who underwent single-level posterolateral fusion (PLF) or interbody fusion for spondylolisthesis. Wound complications occurring within 30 days were compared between current smokers and nonsmokers. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

[Correlation study between sagittal lumbar facet joint and degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Nov;31(11):1354-1357

Department of Orthopedics, the Artificial Joint Engineering Technology Research Center of Jiangxi Province, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang Jiangxi, 330006,

Objective: To study the relationship between sagittal facet joint and degenerative lumber spondylolisthesis (DLS) by observing the changes of the lumbar facet joint angle.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with DLS who met the inclusion criteria between January 2013 and February 2016 were collected (DLS group). There were 26 males and 31 females, with the mean age of 54. Read More

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November 2017
3 Reads

Minimally invasive surgery procedure in isthmic spondylolisthesis.

Eur Spine J 2018 May 11. Epub 2018 May 11.

Spinal Surgery Department, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the direct lateral approach to the lumbar spine in the treatment of painful isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults.

Methods: Twenty-one patients affected by isthmic spondylolisthesis and treated with extreme lateral interbody fusion and posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation were enrolled. All included patients were clinically evaluated with Oswestry Disability Index, SF36 and Visual Scale Anatomy (VAS) for back pain at 1, 3 months and at 1 year. Read More

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May 2018
13 Reads

Minimally Invasive Lumbar Spinal Fusion Is More Effective Than Open Fusion: A Meta-Analysis.

Yonsei Med J 2018 Jun;59(4):524-538

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive spinal fusion in comparison to open fusion for adult lumbar spondylolisthesis or spondylosis.

Materials And Methods: The present study was conducted as a meta-analysis of all estimates from studies that were selected after comprehensive literature search by two independent reviewers.

Results: Of 745 articles, nine prospective cohort studies were identifed. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

The effectiveness and safety of nonsurgical integrative interventions for symptomatic lumbar spinal spondylolisthesis: A randomized controlled multinational, multicenter trial protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(19):e0667

Korean Medicine Clinical Trial Center, Korean Medicine Hospital, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Surgery is generally accepted as the main therapeutic option for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, new nonsurgical therapeutic options need to be explored for this population.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of a 5-week Mokhuri treatment program compared with conventional nonsurgical treatments for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Diagnosis of Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis Is Delayed Six Months After Seeing Nonorthopedic Providers.

Spine Deform 2018 May - Jun;6(3):263-266

Children's Orthopaedic Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. Electronic address:

Study Design: Retrospective single center.

Objective: Our purpose was to quantify the time to diagnosis of spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis in symptomatic patients after first seeking medical care.

Summary Of Background Data: Several studies have found a high prevalence of pars defects in adolescent athletes with back pain, up to 47%. Read More

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August 2017
2 Reads

Effect of PLIF and TLIF on sagittal spinopelvic balance of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Jul 26;52(4):272-276. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PLIF and TLIF on sagittal spinopelvic balance and to compare radiological results of two surgical procedures with regard to spinopelvic parameters.

Methods: Thirty-five patients (34 female and 1 male; mean age: 52.29 ± 13. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Cardiac Arrest During Spine Surgery in the Prone Position: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jul 26;115:460-467.e1. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bergman Clinics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Intraoperative cardiac arrest (CA) is usually attributable to pre-existing disease or intraoperative complications. In rare cases, intraoperative stress can demask certain genetic diseases, such as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). It is essential that neurosurgeons be aware of the etiologies, risk factors, and initial management of CA during surgery with the patient in the prone position. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Comparisons of direct costs, outcomes, and cost-utility of decompression surgery with fusion versus decompression alone for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Jul 24;23(4):653-657. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Japan; Keio Spine Research Group (KSRG), Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Cost-utility analysis of surgery for degenerative lumber spondylolisthesis (DS) is essential for healthcare providers and patients to select appropriate treatment. The purpose of this study was to review the cost-utility of decompression alone versus decompression with fusion for DS.

Methods: A retrospective review of 99 consecutive patients who were treated for Meyerding grade 1 DS at two representative spine centers was performed. Read More

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Return to Play in Adolescent Athletes With Symptomatic Spondylolysis Without Listhesis: A Meta-Analysis.

Global Spine J 2018 Apr 5;8(2):190-197. Epub 2017 Oct 5.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Study Design: Meta-analysis.

Objectives: To assess return to play (RTP) rates in adolescent athletes with lumbar spondylolysis without spondylolisthesis treated conservatively or operatively.

Methods: A review of Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed. Read More

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April 2018
15 Reads