4,463 results match your criteria Spondylolisthesis Spondylolysis and Spondylosis


Multiple-Repeated Adjacent Segment Disease After Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 10;121:e808-e816. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Rosai Hospital, Sakai, Japan.

Background: Although posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has provided satisfactory clinical outcomes, adjacent segment disease (ASD) is one of the most important complications affecting long-term results. However, according to ASD studies, few have described repeat surgery. The purpose of this study was to elucidate incidence, time period, and clinical features of multiple-repeated ASD after PLIF. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183228
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.227DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Spino-pelvic alignment, balance, and functional disability in patients with low-grade degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

J Rehabil Med 2018 Nov;50(10):898-907

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ROC.

Objective: To evaluate the relationships among spino-pelvic parameters, trunk balance and functional disability in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Design:  Cross-sectional study.

Subjects: Forty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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https://www.medicaljournals.se/jrm/content/?doi=10.2340/1650
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https://www.medicaljournals.se/jrm/content/abstract/10.2340/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2489DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Regional Variation in Opioid Use After Lumbar Spine Surgery.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 5;121:e691-e699. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas South Western Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate regional variations in use of opioids after lumbar decompression and fusion surgery for patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis or spondylolisthesis.

Methods: An insurance database, including private/commercially insured and Medicare Advantage beneficiaries, was queried for patients undergoing 1-level, 2-level, or 3-level index lumbar decompression and fusion procedures between 2007 and 2016. Research records were searchable by International Classification of Diseases diagnosis and procedure codes, and generic drug codes specific to Humana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.192DOI Listing
January 2019

Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: Biochemical Aspects and Evaluation of Stabilization Surgery Extent in Terms of Adjacent Segment Disease Theory.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29;121:e554-e565. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Pharmacology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia.

Objective: In lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSL), the criteria and extent of surgical treatment have not been strictly defined owing to the adjacent segment disease theory and unclear molecular pathogenesis. The present study analyzed the clinical and radiographic findings of patients after lower lumbar fusion surgery with single and 2-level DSL and explored the inflammatory mediator's role in DSL evolution and symptoms.

Methods: The prospective follow-up of patients with DSL, stratified by the stabilization extent (L4-L5, L5-S1, and L4-S1), included the Back Illness Pain and Disability 9-item questionnaire and native and dynamic radiographs to evaluate the intervertebral disc height and adjacent segments' angular motion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.163DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Minimal invasive surgical technique in midline lumbar inter-body fusion: A technique note.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Sep 6;55:103-108. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Midline lumbar inter-body fusion (MIDLF) surgery with cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw insertion is a modern fusion technique for spinal surgery. The difference in entry point of this trajectory from conventional pedicle screw surgery offers the potential benefits of less soft tissue dissection and reduced blood loss, post-operative wound pain, and infection risks. Because this is a newly developed technique first announced by Santoni in 2009, most surgeons perform this surgery in a mini-open fashion and require more intra-operative fluoroscopy and ionizing radiation exposure during screw placement. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.033DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Reduction of Slippage Influences Surgical Outcomes of Grade II and III Lumbar Isthmic Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;120:e1017-e1023. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Spine Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University No. 415, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To explore influence of reduction of slippage on radiologic parameters, clinical outcomes, and perioperative complications in treatment of grade II/III lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis.

Methods: We divided 156 patients with grade II/III spondylolisthesis into 2 groups with preoperative balanced or unbalanced pelvis. We further divided each group into group A with postoperative grade I or less slippage and group B with persistent grade II/III slippage postoperatively. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.217DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

False localizing sign caused by schwannoma in cervical spinal canal at C1-2 level: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12215

Rationale: False localizing sign means that the lesion, which is the cause of the symptom, is remote or distant from the anatomical site predicted by neurological examination. This concept contradicts the classical clinicoanatomical correlation paradigm underlying neurological examinations.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old man consulted for the right sciatica-like leg pain that had aggravated 1 year ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133423PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Gender Differences in Use of Prolonged Nonoperative Therapies Before Index Lumbar Surgery.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 27;120:e580-e592. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess for gender-based differences in the usage and cost of maximal nonoperative therapy before spinal fusion surgery in patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis or spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A large insurance database was queried for patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis or spondylolisthesis undergoing index lumbar decompression and fusion procedures from 2007 to 2016. This database consists of 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.131DOI Listing
December 2018
22 Reads

Comparison of minimally invasive decompression and combined minimally invasive decompression and fusion in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis with instability.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 25;57:79-85. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with cortical bone trajectory (CBT-PLIF) is a form of minimally invasive decompression and fusion, whereas microendoscopic laminotomy (MEL) is a form of minimally invasive decompression surgery. No study has compared the clinical outcomes of the two methods for patients who have degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) with instability. In this study, CBT-PLIF and MEL were both offered to 64 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.08.032DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Contribution of Dynamic Surgical Guidance to the Accurate Placement of Pedicle Screws in Deformity Surgery: A Retrospective Case Series.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 24;120:e466-e471. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France.

Objective: We assessed the contribution of a dynamic surgical guidance (DSG) probe in the accurate placement of thoracic and lumbar pedicle screws (PSs) in patients with spinal deformity.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of 98 patients (104 procedures) with various spinal deformities, who had received posterior instrumentation with PSs inserted using either DSG or the conventional free-hand (FH) technique. A total of 882 PSs were inserted using DSG (DSG group) and 603 using the FH technique (FH group). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.105DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

Endovascular Retrieval of Intracaval Cement: A Fishing Net Technique.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 20;41(12):1958-1961. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, 4031, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: To describe a novel endovascular technique for intracaval cement retrieval after spinal surgery.

Technique: We produced a replica of the intracaval cement fragment and a 3D print to plan the endovascular procedure. A woven caval filter was modified with two drawstring sutures to be used as fishing net. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00270-018-2061-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-018-2061-6DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of Direct Versus Indirect Decompression with Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Matched-Pair Comparison Analysis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 10;119:e898-e909. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea; The Catholic Central Laboratory of Surgery (CCLS), Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the radiologic and clinical outcomes between oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) without laminectomy and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF).

Methods: This was a retrospective study. Between April 2012 and January 2017, 25 patients in each of the MI-TLIF and OLIF groups were recruited as matched pairs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183178
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.003DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Classification of Lumbar Facet Joint Cysts Using the NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG) Grading Score and Correlation with Recurrence and Clinical Outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1;119:e502-e512. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG), Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia; Prince of Wales Hospital Private, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the validity of the proposed NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group Classification System through a retrospective analysis of patients treated surgically for lumbar facet joint cysts at a single institution.

Methods: In a cohort of 166 patients, sagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to measure degree of spondylolisthesis, whereas axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to determine the percentage of vertebral canal occupied by the cyst. Grading was performed by 2 observers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.190DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Learning Curve of Minimally Invasive Surgery Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Degenerative Lumbar Diseases.

Authors:
Chao Liu Jian Wang

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 30;120:e88-e93. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Affiliated Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To characterize the learning curve for a single surgeon during his initial phases of performing minimally invasive surgery oblique lumbar interbody fusion.

Methods: This was a prospective analysis of 49 consecutive patients who underwent a single-level minimally invasive surgery oblique lumbar interbody fusion performed by a single surgeon. Patients were divided into group A (first 24 patients) and group B (25 patients after initial 24 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.167DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Spinopelvic Sagittal Alignment after Microendoscopic Laminotomy in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Nov 30;79(6):479-485. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background And Study Aims:  Spinopelvic sagittal balance is important in managing lumbar diseases. We evaluated the change in spinal sagittal alignment after microendoscopic laminotomy in patients with low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS).

Material And Methods:  We retrospectively reviewed the records of 87 patients who underwent microendoscopic laminotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1666847DOI Listing
November 2018

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis-Background and Perspectives.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 19;118:243-245. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Neurosurgical Department, Hannover Nordstadt Hospital (affiliated to the Hannover Medical School), Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.085DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Transfacet Screw Fixation for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis with Mild Instability: A Preliminary Study.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Sep 16;79(5):358-364. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background:  Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis are frequently associated with facet joint degeneration, considered the main cause of low back pain. Surgery is the treatment of choice in patients affected by LSS unresponsive to conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcome of patients treated with posterior decompression and transfacet fixation for single-level LSS and facet joint degeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1655760DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Stand-alone Anterior Lumbar Interbody, Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody, and Anterior/Posterior Fusion: Analysis of Fusion Outcomes and Costs.

Orthopedics 2018 Sep 16;41(5):e655-e662. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Fusion outcomes and costs of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in association with posterior fusion, and anterior/posterior (A/P) fusion were compared using clinical, radiographic, and billing data. Adult patients with symptomatic 1- or 2-level degenerative disk disease in isolation or in association with a grade 1 or 2 degenerative or lytic spondylolisthesis and canal and/or foraminal stenosis who underwent elective stand-alone ALIF, TLIF, or A/P fusion were compared. The analysis focused primarily on fusion rates and costs and secondarily on radiographic and clinical parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20180711-06DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Increased rate of lumbar spondylolisthesis in rheumatoid arthritis: A case-control study.

Eur J Clin Invest 2018 Sep 13;48(9):e12991. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

AP-HP, Service de Rhumatologie, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of lumbar spondylolisthesis (SPL) in patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) with or without rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify potential factors associated with SPL in patients with RA.

Methods: We performed a case-control study. Cases and control patients had chronic LBP (more than 4 weeks). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/eci.12991
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eci.12991DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression in the Setting of Lateral Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 22;117:321-325. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rhode Island Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Lateral subluxation of the vertebra is commonly seen in degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery is an emerging technique in spine surgery but has never been described as a treatment option for lumbar radiculopathy in the setting of lateral lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A technique for endoscopic treatment of lumbar disc herniation in the setting of lateral spondylolisthesis is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.106DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

The Challenge of Creating Lordosis in High-Grade Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis.

Neurosurg Clin N Am 2018 Jul;29(3):375-387

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue South, Suite R200, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue South, Suite R200, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. Electronic address:

High-grade dysplastic spondylolisthesis (HGDS) is a subset of L5-S1 spondylolisthesis that occurs due to dysmorphic anatomy at the lumbosacral junction, often resulting in sagittal imbalance. Enhanced understanding of global sagittal alignment has led many to preferentially treat HGDS with reduction and fusion to restore sagittal balance. The purpose of this article is to review published surgical techniques for obtaining sagittal correction in HGDS and to evaluate the current evidence regarding the associated surgical complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nec.2018.03.006DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Sagittal Alignment of the Lumbar Spine.

Neurosurg Clin N Am 2018 Jul;29(3):331-339

Neurosurgery, UCSF Spine Center, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address:

Alignment of the lumbar spine has an important impact on the segmental motion, degenerative pathology, and health-related quality of life. The relationship between lumbar lordosis and pelvic incidence is predictive in the pathogenesis of spinal disorders, including disk degeneration, spondylolisthesis, and adjacent segment degeneration. This article reviews the relationship between lumbar and pelvic alignment with pathology of the lumbar spine, provides goals for appropriate alignment in reconstructive surgery, and discusses strategies for effective realignment of the spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nec.2018.03.009DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Comparative Utility of Dynamic and Static Imaging in the Management of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 19;117:e507-e513. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University, Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Segmental instability traditionally is investigated with flexion and extension (F/E) radiographs. We sought to determine whether motion between upright and supine (U/S) views can serve as an alternative sensitive diagnostic tool that predicts similar outcomes.

Methods: Ambispective collection of data was performed for 222 consecutive patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.066DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Long-Term Minimum Clinically Important Difference in Health-Related Quality of Life Scores After Instrumented Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Low-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 18;117:e493-e499. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chungdam Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Despite its growing popularity, no comparative studies have explored the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of health-related quality of life scores following lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) performed on a single-level adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (LGIS).

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate factors related to MCID of health-related quality of life scores following instrumented LIF performed on a single-level adult LGIS.

Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent instrumented LIF for single-level LGIS were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.063DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Surgical Outcomes of Single-Level Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With and Without Kyphotic Alignment.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 15;117:e396-e402. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We sought to investigate the impact of single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on lumbar sagittal profile in degenerative spondylosis (DS) patients with or without kyphotic alignment, as well as compare radiologic and clinical outcomes based on preoperative sagittal alignment.

Background: DS with a kyphotic alignment at an involved segment constitutes a distinct subgroup. However, previous studies concerning surgical outcomes often lump all patients together without focusing on this distinct subgroup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.042DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Spondylolisthesis is Common, Early, and Severe in Loeys-Dietz Syndrome.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Sep;38(8):e455-e461

Departments of Pediatrics.

Background: We studied the prevalence and treatment outcomes of spondylolisthesis in patients with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS).

Methods: Clinical data and lumbosacral imaging of 138 patients with LDS were reviewed. Spondylolisthesis (L4-L5 or L5-S1) and spondylolysis were characterized by multimodal imaging and correlated with clinical data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001203DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Radiographic Classification for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis of the Lumbar Spine Based on Sagittal Balance: A Reliability Study.

Spine Deform 2018 Jul - Aug;6(4):358-365

Department of Spinal Surgery Unit 1, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux University Hospital, C.H.U Tripode Pellegrin, Place Amélie Raba Léon, 33076 Bordeaux, France.

Study Design: Inter- and intraobserver reliability study.

Object: To assess the reliability of a new radiographic classification of degenerative spondylolisthesis of the lumbar spine (DSLS).

Summary Of Background Data: DSLS is a common cause of chronic low back and leg pain in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2017.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

A Letter to the Editor regarding "Fusion or Not for Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review".

Pain Physician 2018 05;21(3):E284-E287

Shiraz Neuroscience Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

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May 2018
3 Reads
3.540 Impact Factor

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome with Status Epilepticus Following Surgery for Lumbar Stenosis and Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 1;116:309-315. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain.

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiologic condition encountered in many different clinical settings; it generally occurs in the context of hypertensive crisis, immunosuppressive therapy, or autoimmune diseases. It is characterized by headache, stupor, seizures, and visual alterations. Magnetic resonance imaging findings include white matter changes preferentially in the parieto-occipital regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.174DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Traumatic Lumbosacral Spondyloptosis in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report and Literature Review.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2018 30;53(4):263-269. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

A 4-year-old girl was admitted to the emergency department after having been buried beneath a wall. A computed tomography scan revealed anterior grade V L5-S1 spondylolisthesis, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a traumatic rupture of the fibrous annulus of the L5-S1 intervertebral disc and lesion of the anterior longitudinal and yellow ligaments. The patient underwent anterior and posterior fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488766DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Wound Complications After Single-Level Posterolateral and Interbody Fusion for Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 23;116:e824-e829. Epub 2018 May 23.

Spine Research Group, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the impact of cigarette smoking on the development of wound complications, including wound dehiscence, superficial infection, deep infection, or organ space infection, within the first 30 postoperative days in patients undergoing surgery for spondylolisthesis.

Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the years 2012-2014 was used to identify adult patients who underwent single-level posterolateral fusion (PLF) or interbody fusion for spondylolisthesis. Wound complications occurring within 30 days were compared between current smokers and nonsmokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.103DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

[Correlation study between sagittal lumbar facet joint and degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Nov;31(11):1354-1357

Department of Orthopedics, the Artificial Joint Engineering Technology Research Center of Jiangxi Province, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang Jiangxi, 330006,

Objective: To study the relationship between sagittal facet joint and degenerative lumber spondylolisthesis (DLS) by observing the changes of the lumbar facet joint angle.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with DLS who met the inclusion criteria between January 2013 and February 2016 were collected (DLS group). There were 26 males and 31 females, with the mean age of 54. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201705051DOI Listing
November 2017
4 Reads

Minimally Invasive Lumbar Spinal Fusion Is More Effective Than Open Fusion: A Meta-Analysis.

Yonsei Med J 2018 Jun;59(4):524-538

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive spinal fusion in comparison to open fusion for adult lumbar spondylolisthesis or spondylosis.

Materials And Methods: The present study was conducted as a meta-analysis of all estimates from studies that were selected after comprehensive literature search by two independent reviewers.

Results: Of 745 articles, nine prospective cohort studies were identifed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2018.59.4.524DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5949295PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

The effectiveness and safety of nonsurgical integrative interventions for symptomatic lumbar spinal spondylolisthesis: A randomized controlled multinational, multicenter trial protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(19):e0667

Korean Medicine Clinical Trial Center, Korean Medicine Hospital, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Surgery is generally accepted as the main therapeutic option for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, new nonsurgical therapeutic options need to be explored for this population.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of a 5-week Mokhuri treatment program compared with conventional nonsurgical treatments for symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010667DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5959416PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Diagnosis of Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis Is Delayed Six Months After Seeing Nonorthopedic Providers.

Spine Deform 2018 May - Jun;6(3):263-266

Children's Orthopaedic Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. Electronic address:

Study Design: Retrospective single center.

Objective: Our purpose was to quantify the time to diagnosis of spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis in symptomatic patients after first seeking medical care.

Summary Of Background Data: Several studies have found a high prevalence of pars defects in adolescent athletes with back pain, up to 47%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2017.10.008DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effect of PLIF and TLIF on sagittal spinopelvic balance of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Jul 26;52(4):272-276. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PLIF and TLIF on sagittal spinopelvic balance and to compare radiological results of two surgical procedures with regard to spinopelvic parameters.

Methods: Thirty-five patients (34 female and 1 male; mean age: 52.29 ± 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2018.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6150442PMC
July 2018
9 Reads

Cardiac Arrest During Spine Surgery in the Prone Position: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jul 26;115:460-467.e1. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bergman Clinics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Intraoperative cardiac arrest (CA) is usually attributable to pre-existing disease or intraoperative complications. In rare cases, intraoperative stress can demask certain genetic diseases, such as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). It is essential that neurosurgeons be aware of the etiologies, risk factors, and initial management of CA during surgery with the patient in the prone position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.04.116DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Comparisons of direct costs, outcomes, and cost-utility of decompression surgery with fusion versus decompression alone for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Jul 24;23(4):653-657. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Japan; Keio Spine Research Group (KSRG), Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Cost-utility analysis of surgery for degenerative lumber spondylolisthesis (DS) is essential for healthcare providers and patients to select appropriate treatment. The purpose of this study was to review the cost-utility of decompression alone versus decompression with fusion for DS.

Methods: A retrospective review of 99 consecutive patients who were treated for Meyerding grade 1 DS at two representative spine centers was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.04.001DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

A novel use of cement as a salvage procedure in patients with complex spinal injuries with proximal junctional failure.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2018 Jul 16;100(6):e154-e157. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital , Stanmore , UK.

Long-construct fixations can be complicated by proximal junctional kyphosis. In elderly, high-risk patients with numerous comorbidities, lengthy surgical times and increased blood loss associated with revision osteotomies and extension of fusions are not often tolerated and pose serious life-threatening risks. We present a salvage technique used in a patient with proximal junctional failure and demonstrate its role in improving symptoms and functionality in those not deemed fit for major surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2018.0076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111903PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Spondylolisthesis and tumors: a treatment algorithm.

Eur Spine J 2018 06 13;27(Suppl 2):206-212. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute, Milan, Italy.

Background: Pars defect and spondylolisthesis are frequent conditions, while bone tumors-particularly the primaries-are rare. The contemporary occurrence can delay the diagnosis of the tumor, if symptoms are considered related to spondylolisthesis, or can make reconstruction more demanding. To our knowledge, only two case reports of this contemporary occurrence have been published in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5589-xDOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Minimally invasive spinal decompression for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and stenosis maintains stability and may avoid the need for fusion.

Bone Joint J 2018 04;100-B(4):499-506

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama City, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of microendoscopic laminotomy in patients with lumbar stenosis and concurrent degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), and to determine the effect of this procedure on spinal stability.

Patients And Methods: A total of 304 consecutive patients with single-level lumbar DS with concomitant stenosis underwent microendoscopic laminotomy without fusion between January 2004 and December 2010. Patients were divided into two groups, those with and without advanced DS based on the degree of spondylolisthesis and dynamic instability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.100B4.BJJ-2017-0917.R1DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Does Preoperative Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Influence Outcome in Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis? Three-Year Results of a Swiss Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 5;114:e1275-e1283. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Horten Centre for Patient Oriented Research and Knowledge Transfer, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Decompression alone to treat degenerative lumbar stenosis with and without concomitant degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS; non-DS) has shown ambiguous results in the literature.

Objective: The aim is to compare clinical outcomes in DS and non-DS patients with lumbar stenosis who underwent decompression alone surgery without fusion on 1-3 adjacent levels after 6-month, 12-month, 24-month, and 36-month follow-up.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study at 8 medical centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.196DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Thoracic Inlet Parameters for Degenerative Cervical Spondylolisthesis Imaging Measurement.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Apr 5;24:2025-2030. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine,, Shiyan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic value of sagittal measurement of thoracic inlet parameters for degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis (DCS). MATERIAL AND METHODS We initially included 65 patients with DCS and the same number of health people as the control group by using cervical radiograph evaluations. We analyzed the x-ray and computer tomographic (CT) data in prone and standing position at the same time. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901044PMC
April 2018
7 Reads

Mild (not severe) disc degeneration is implicated in the progression of bilateral L5 spondylolysis to spondylolisthesis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 04 2;19(1):98. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Spine Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. George & Sutherland Clinical School, University of New South Wales Australia, Kogarah, Sydney, NSW, 2217, Australia.

Background: Spondylolytic (or lytic) spondylolisthesis is often associated with disc degeneration at the index-level; however, it is not clear if disc degeneration is the cause or the consequence of lytic spondylolisthesis. The main objective of this computed tomography based finite element modelling study was to examine the role of different grades of disc degeneration in the progression of a bilateral L5-lytic defect to spondylolisthesis.

Methods: High-resolution computed tomography data of the lumbosacral spine from an anonymised healthy male subject (26 years old) were segmented to build a 3D-computational model of an INTACT L1-S1 spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2011-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5879802PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Spondylolisthesis adjacent to a cervical disc arthroplasty does not increase the risk of adjacent level degeneration.

Eur Spine J 2018 06 31;27(6):1440-1446. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

L'Institut de la Colonne Vertébrale, CHU Pellegrin, 33076, Bordeaux, France.

Purpose: To understand whether a spondylolisthesis in the sub-axial spine cranial to a cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) construes a risk of adjacent level disease (ALD).

Methods: A retrospective review of 164 patients with a minimum 5-year follow-up of a cervical disc arthroplasty was performed. Multi-level surgeries, including hybrid procedures, were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5574-4DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Acquired spondylolysis and spinopelvic sagittal alignment.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Aug 22;28(6):1033-1038. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Spine Center Stuttgart, Paulinenhilfe, Diakonie-Klinikum Stuttgart, 38 Rosenbergstrasse, 70176, Stuttgart, Germany.

Acquired spondylolysis represents an uncommon complication of spine surgery, of an unknown incidence and etiology. We studied patients presenting this rare entity, with the purpose to investigate the incidence, imaging findings, patients' clinical characteristics, as well as to provide an interpretation of the mechanisms that may lead to this phenomenon. The presented working hypothesis, regarding etiology, suggests that there is a relation between variations in spinopelvic sagittal alignment and acquired spondylolysis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00590-018-2182-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-018-2182-2DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Hollow modular anchorage (HMA) screws for anterior transvertebral fixation in high-grade spondylolisthesis cases requiring 360 degrees in-situ fusion.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Oct 22;32(5):474-478. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

a The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery , Queens Medical Centre , Nottingham , UK.

Objective: 360 degrees in-situ fusion for high-grade spondylolisthesis showed satisfying clinical long-term results. Combining anterior with posterior surgery increases fusion rates. Anteriorly inserted transvertebral HMA screws could be an alternative to strut graft constructs or cages, avoiding donor site complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1451822DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Double-level lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: A retrospective study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Mar 16;13(1):55. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Artificial Joints Engineering and Technology Research Center of Jiangxi Province, No. 17 Yong Wai Zheng Street, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, China.

Background: Lumbar spondylolysis and isthmic spondylolisthesis are common conditions. However, double-level lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are rare. We report 24 cases of it along with a review of literature and a briefly description of the clinical and radiological features and integrated management of patients with this condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-018-0723-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5857125PMC
March 2018
7 Reads

Tuberculous Spondylolisthesis: A Reappraisal of the Clinicoradiologic Spectrum and Surgical Treatment Paradigm.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 9;114:361-367. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is a common infectious disease prevalent in developing countries and an increasing issue in developed countries. The association of tuberculosis with spondylolisthesis is rarely reported in literature. The aim of our review is to analyze the clinical features and radiologic characteristics of TB spondylolisthesis and to provide a concise update on its surgical management, based on the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.02.157DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Higher Improvement in Patient-Reported Outcomes Can Be Achieved After Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Clinical and Radiographic Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Classification Type D Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 7;114:e293-e300. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Clinical and radiographic degenerative spondylolisthesis (CARDS) classification defines a distinct subset of patients with kyphotic angulation at the involved segment (type D). Research using CARDS classification to investigate motion characteristics at involved segments or patient-related outcomes (PROs) following surgical intervention is sparse. We investigated the relationship between CARDS type D spondylolisthesis and dynamic instability and PROs in type D versus non-type D spondylolisthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.02.175DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads