4,977 results match your criteria Spondylolisthesis Spondylolysis and Spondylosis


Assessment of sagittal spinopelvic parameters in a Taiwanese population with spondylolysis by the EOS imaging system: a retrospective radiological analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 18;22(1):553. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, No.138, Sheng-Li Road, 70428, Tainan, Taiwan.

Background: The impact of sagittal spinopelvic alignment on spondylolysis is well established in Caucasian populations. However, prior studies suggest that people from different ethnological backgrounds showed divergence, and a few studies that focused on Asian populations reported conflicting results. The aim of this study is to use the EOS imaging system to evaluate the spinopelvic parameters of spondylolysis patients, and their relationship with spondylolisthesis, disc degeneration, and age in a Taiwanese population. Read More

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Direct reduction of high-grade lumbosacral spondylolisthesis with anterior cantilever technique - surgical technique note and preliminary results.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 18;22(1):559. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, 1650 Taiwan Boulevard Sect. 4, Taichung, 40705, Taiwan.

Backgrounds: Surgical reduction for high-grade spondylolisthesis is beneficial for restoring sagittal balance and improving the biomechanical environment for arthrodesis. Compared to posterior total laminectomy and long instrumentation, anterior lumbar inter-body fusion (ALIF) is less invasive and has the biomechanical advantage of restoring the original disk height and increasing lumbar lordosis, thus improving sagittal balance. However, the application of ALIF is still limited in treating low-grade spondylolisthesis. Read More

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The new imaging findings: "Passing spine" without kissing.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26191

Laboratory of Statistics, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract: Case-control studies by examining the lumbar spine computed tomography (CT) findings focusing on the spinous processes."Passing spine" was defined as a lumbar degenerative change observed on CT images. In contrast, kissing spine, which is also an image finding, has been acknowledged as an established clinical condition. Read More

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Thoracic degenerative spondylolisthesis-associated myelopathy: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26150

Department of Spine Surgery, Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Fuzhou, China.

Rationale: The thoracic spine is stabilized in the anteroposterior direction by the rib cage and the facet joints, thus thoracic degenerative spondylolisthesis is very uncommon. Here, we report a rare case of thoracic degenerative spondylolisthesis in which the lower thoracic region was the only region involved.

Patient Concerns: We present the case of a 56-year-old Chinese female who suffered from thoracic degenerative spondylolisthesis. Read More

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Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis II: treatment and controversies.

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Nov-Dec;34(6):433-440

División de Cirugía de Columna. Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación «Dr. Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra». Av. México-Xochimilco 289, C.P. 14389. Ciudad de México. México.

There are various approaches and surgical techniques with the objective of nerve root decompression, restrict mobility, and fusion of the listhesis. Among the techniques, posterior interbody fusion combines direct and indirect root decompression with the fusion between vertebral bodies, placing an autologous bone graft between transverse apophysis and vertebral bodies. Transforaminal lumbar and posterior interbody fusion, on the same way, look to decompress and fuse but with a different approach to the spine. Read More

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[Traumatic spondyloptosis C7-T1 without neurologic deficit].

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Nov-Dec;34(6):412-416

Clínica de Columna de la Secretaría de Salud de la Ciudad de México. Hospital General «La Villa». México.

Traumatic spondyloptosis is a serious injury usually caused by high-energy trauma; It consists of the anterior or posterior dislocation of 100% or more of the underlying vertebral body, which can become a total injury of the spinal cord, producing a neurological deficit; this type of injury represents stage 4 and 5 of Allen-Ferguson. A 50-year-old man who suffers a car accident, he receive frontal impact when he was a driver, colliding with the retaining wall, referred from another hospital to emergency room, managed with C7 hemicorpectomy, c7-t1 discectomy, spondylodesis with anterior plate (C6-T1), and posterior approach + Fascetectomies of C7-T1, facet joint screws C6 and transpedicular fixation of T1. Subaxial cervical spondyloptosis is relatively rare clinical entity, a complete clinical examination is important in diagnosis, taking in considerations the injury mechanism. Read More

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Familial development of lumbar spondylolysis: a familial case report of 7- and 4-year-old brothers and their father.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211015559

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 183174Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Fukushima, Japan.

The incidence of lumbar spondylolysis is affected by sex, race, and congenital abnormalities. These differences suggest a genetic component to the etiology of spondylolysis. However, no definitive evidence has been presented regarding the inheritance of lumbar spondylolysis. Read More

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Association of Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Morphometry with Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 12;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea.

The objective of this study was to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSA) of lumbar paraspinal muscles and their fatty degeneration in adults with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) diagnosed with chronic radiculopathy, compare them with those of the same age- and sex-related groups with radiculopathy, and evaluate their correlations and the changes observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This retrospective study included 62 female patients aged 65-85 years, who were diagnosed with lumbar polyradiculopathy. The patients were divided into two groups: 30 patients with spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without spondylolisthesis. Read More

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Response to the letter to the Editor: "The necessity and risk factors of subsequent fusion after decompression alone for lumbar spinal stenosis with lumbar spondylolisthesis: 5 years follow-up in two different large populations".

Spine J 2021 04;21(4):725

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E. 70th St, New York, NY 10021, USA. Electronic address:

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[Correlation analysis between degenerative spondylolisthesis and T2WI hyperintensity on MRI of interspinous ligament].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2021 Apr;34(4):333-6

Department of Radiology, the First People's Hospital of Xiaoshan, Hangzhou 311200, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore the relationship between lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis and T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament in MRI in order to improve the understanding of the signal changes of the interspinous ligament.

Methods: The clinical data of 43 patients with clinically diagnosed lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis were collected from March 2018 to March 2020, there were 19 males and 24 females, aged 50 to 92 years with an average of 69 years old. Using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to access images and record the distribution and incidence of T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament between the slipped and non-slipped segments. Read More

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The necessity or not of the addition of fusion to decompression for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis patients: A PRISMA compliant meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e24775

Department of Neurosurgery, The fifth affiliated hospital of Nanchang University (Fu Zhou first people's hospital of Jiangxi province), Fuzhou, Jiangxi, PR China.

Background: The new emerging application of decompression combined with fusion comes with a concern of cost performance, however, it is a lack of big data support. We aimed to evaluate the necessity or not of the addition of fusion for decompression in patients with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Methods: Potential studies were selected from PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, and gray relevant studies were manually searched. Read More

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Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion versus Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: A Single-Center Retrospective Comparative Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 20;2021:6693446. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 400016 Chongqing, China.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in single-level degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS).

Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent single-level DLS surgery in our department from 2015 to 2018 was performed. According to the surgical method, the enrolled patients were divided into two groups, namely, the OLIF group who underwent OLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) and the TLIF group. Read More

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Understanding the Future Prospects of Synergizing Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery with Ceramics and Regenerative Cellular Therapies.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 31;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) is the last resort to address the lumber degenerative disorders such as spondylolisthesis, causing lower back pain. The current surgical intervention for these abnormalities includes open TLIF. However, in recent years, minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF) has gained a high momentum, as it could minimize the risk of infection, blood loss, and post-operative complications pertaining to fusion surgery. Read More

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A comparison of successful versus failed nonoperative treatment approaches in patients with degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Apr 30;86:71-78. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Identifying an optimal composition of nonoperative therapies to trial in patients suffering from degenerative lumbar spine conditions prior to surgical management remains challenging. Contrasting successful versus failed nonoperative treatment approaches may provide clinicians with valuable insight. The purpose of this study was to compare the nonoperative therapy regimens in degenerative lumbar spine disorder patients successfully managed conservatively versus patients who failed primary treatment and opted for lumbar fusion surgery. Read More

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[Analysis of perioperative blood loss of posterior lumbar interbody fusion on lumbar spondylolisthesis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Mar;101(11):792-797

Department of Spinal Surgery, Heze Municipal Hospital, Heze 274000, China.

To compare the intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage and hidden blood loss (HBL) in lumbar posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and analyze the relevant factors of HBL in RA patients. Fifty patients with RA (RA group) and 73 patients without RA (NRA group) treated in the Heze Municipal Hospital from January 2014 to April 2019 were enrolled in this study. The basic information, RA information, operation and related blood loss indicators in the two groups were compared. Read More

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[Treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion by microscope-assisted Zista channel].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2021 Jan;34(1):15-9

The Second Department of Orthopaedics, Gansu Provincial People's Hospital, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy and advantage of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion under microscope-assisted Zista channel in the treatment of degreeⅠandⅡdegenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis treated by microscope-assisted Zista channel MIS-TLIF operation from January 2017 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 10 males and 8 females with an average age of 59 years (48 to 70). Read More

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January 2021

Customised hybrid CT-MRI 3D-printed model for grade V spondylolisthesis in an adolescent.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 1;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

3D-printed patient-specific models provide added value for initial clinical diagnosis, preoperative surgical and implant planning and patient and trainee education. 3D spine models are usually designed using CT data, due to the ability to rapidly image osseous structures with high spatial resolution. Combining CT and MRI to derive a composite model of bony and neurological anatomy can potentially provide even more useful information for complex cases. Read More

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Degenerative spondylolisthesis I: general principles.

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Sep-Oct;34(5):324-328

Division of Spine Surgery. Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación «Dr. Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra». Av. México-Xochimilco 289, C.P. 14389. Ciudad de México. México.

Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis is the result of the progression from degenerative changes in the intervertebral disc and facet joints that lead to destabilizing one or more vertebral segments. It is characterized by the anterior sliding of the vertebral body secondary to the sagittalization of the facet joints. Wiltse, Newman, and Macnab classified it as type III. Read More

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[Comparison of CLIF and TLIF in treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis combined with lumbar spinal stenosis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;35(2):210-216

Department of Orthopedics, the Eighth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518033, P.R.China.

Objective: To observe the difference between crenel lateral interbody fusion (CLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) combined with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).

Methods: The clinical data of DLS combined with LSS patients meeting the selection criteria admitted between May 2018 and May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, the patients were divided into CLIF group (33 cases) and TLIF group (32 cases). Read More

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February 2021

Posterior fixation can further improve the segmental alignment of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis with oblique lumbar interbody fusion.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Feb 23;22(1):218. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Spine Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, No. 31, Xinjiekou East Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100035, People's Republic of China.

Background: For patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis, whether additional posterior fixation can further improve segmental alignment is unknown, compared with stand-alone cage insertion in oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) procedure. The aim of this study was to compare changes of the radiographical segmental alignment following stand-alone cage insertion and additional posterior fixation in the same procedure setting of OLIF for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A retrospective observational study. Read More

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February 2021

Endplate injury as a risk factor for cage retropulsion following transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: An analysis of 1052 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e24005

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University.

Abstract: Although transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a widely accepted procedure, major complications such as cage retropulsion (CR) can cause poor clinical outcomes. Endplate injury (EI) was recently identified as a risk factor for CR, present in most levels developing CR. However, most EIs occurred in non-CR levels, and the features of EIs in CR levels remain unknown. Read More

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February 2021

Is stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion superior to instrumented lateral lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of single-level, low-grade, lumbar spondylolisthesis?

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Mar 15;85:84-91. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Jiefang Road 88, Hangzhou 310009, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this study was to compare surgical trauma and radiographic and clinical outcomes of stand-alone and instrumented lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) in the treatment of single-level low-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: Ninety-five patients with single-level low-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis, who underwent stand-alone LLIF (stand-alone group, [n = 54]) or LLIF plus percutaneous posterior fixation (instrumented group, [n = 41]) were enrolled in this study. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatine kinase (CK) levels, the length of postoperative bed rest time, and hospital stay were compared between the 2 groups. Read More

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Synthetic Bone Graft versus Autograft Obtained from the Spinous Process in Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Turk Neurosurg 2021 ;31(2):199-205

Erzincan Binali Yildirim University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Erzincan, Turkey.

Aim: To compare the clinical and radiological results of using synthetic bone graft versus autograft obtained from the spinous process in posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

Material And Methods: This retrospective study included 102 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent one-segment posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) followed by one-segment posterior transpedicular instrumentation. PLIF surgery was performed using a local solid bone graft obtained from the spinous process in group A and using a synthetic solid calcium hydroxyapatite block in group B. Read More

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Comparison of clinical outcomes and spino-pelvic sagittal balance in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: Minimally invasive oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) versus transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(3):e23783

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Street, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province 215006, China.

Abstract: Spino-pelvic sagittal parameters are closely related to the lumbar degenerative diseases. The present study aims to compare clinical results and spino-pelvic sagittal balance treated with oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis at single segment.We retrospectively reviewed and compared 28 patients who underwent OLIF (OLIF group) and 35 who underwent TLIF (TLIF group). Read More

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January 2021

Severe Chin-on-Chest Cervical Spine Deformity in the Setting of Stiff-Person Syndrome: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2020 12 10;10(4):e20.00378. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Case: Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) presents with progressive muscle rigidity, postural instability, and periodic debilitating spasms. Reports of axial hyperextension exist, but kyphotic deformities have not been described. We surgically treated a patient with debilitating SPS and severe cervicothoracic hyperkyphosis with posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation. Read More

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December 2020

Simultaneous Robotic Single-Position Surgery With Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion With Software Planning: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Apr;20(5):E363

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Daniel and Jane Och Spine Hospital at New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.

The use of robotic guidance for spinal instrumentation is promising for its ability to offer the advantages of precision, accuracy, and reproducibility. This has become even more important in the era of lateral interbody surgery because spinal robotics opens up the possibility of a straightforward workflow for single-position surgery in the lateral position. We present here a case of a 72-yr-old woman who presented with an L4-5 spondylolisthesis with axial back pain and radiculopathy. Read More

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Predictive Factors Affecting Surgical Outcomes in Patients with Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 05;46(9):610-616

Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Study Design: Post-hoc analysis of 5-year follow-up data from a prospective randomized multicenter trial.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors that predict poor postoperative outcomes and define clinically important abnormal instabilities in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Summary Of Background Data: Current evidence regarding prognostic factors affecting clinical outcomes after surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is still limited. Read More

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