2,781 results match your criteria Spondylolisthesis Imaging


Spondylolisthesis with an uncommon congenital deformity of L4-L5 vertebral fusion treated by OLIF: a case report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University. Electronic address:

Background: Diagnosis and management of congenital anomalies of the spine can be a challenge because of their complex presentations. We present an uncommon case of congenital deformity of the spine with L4-L5 vertebral fusion, mimicking a single vertebra, and L3 spondylolisthesis treated by OLIF (oblique lumbar interbody fusion).

Case Description: A 69-year-old woman presented with increasing lower back pain radiating to the left leg, with aggravation of symptoms for the last 6 months, causing difficulty in walking. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.021DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Size Matters: Which Adolescent Patients Are Most Likely to Require Surgical Decompression for Lumbar Disk Herniations?

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, TX.

Background: Lumbar herniated nucleus pulposis (HNP) occurs infrequently in the pediatric/adolescent population. A minority of patients with radicular symptoms fail to improve with conservative management and require discectomy. The authors hypothesize that children who ultimately require surgical intervention have an underlying lumbar stenosis predisposing them to continued symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001371DOI Listing

[Comparison of sagittal plane morphology of spine and pelvis in adolescents with L₅S₁ developmental spondylolisthesis and isthmic spondylolisthesis].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Mar;32(3):234-238

Department of Spinal Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China;

Objective: To compare the sagittal morphological features of the spine and pelvis between L₅S₁ dysplastic spondylolisthesis and isthmus spondylolisthesis in adolescent.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 24 cases of adolescent L₅S₁ spondylolisthesis with complete imaging data from May 2002 to December 2016. Those included 8 males and 16 females, aged from 10 to 18 years old with an average of (13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Treatment of grade I and II degree degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion under Quadrant channel].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Mar;32(3):199-206

People's Hospital of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;

Objective: To investigate the advantages of minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) under Quadrant channel in the treatment of grade I and II degree degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: The clinical data of 100 patients with grade I and II degree degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis treated from March 2014 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 50 patients were treated with MIS-TLIF, including 19 males and 31 females, aged from 44 to 73 years old with an average of (49. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Risk Factors for Early Recurrence After Transforaminal Endoscopic Lumbar Disc Decompression.

Pain Physician 2019 03;22(2):E133-E138

Daegu Wooridul Spine Hospital, Jung-Gu, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Transforaminal endoscopic lumbar disc decompression (TELD) has emerged as a treatment alternative to open lumbar discectomy, but rates of herniated lumbar disc (HLD) recurrence after TELD are higher by comparison.

Objectives: We conducted this study to identify factors correlating with early HLD recurrence after TELD.

Study Design: Retrospective study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Predictors of Clinical Outcome After Endoscopic Partial Facetectomy for Degenerative Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: Endoscopic partial facetectomy (EPF) is an effective option for decompressing the lumbar exiting root without causing spinal instabilities in the treatment of patients with degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis. The aim of the present study was to identify the preoperative risk factors of poor clinical outcomes after EPF in patients with degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis.

Methods: A total of 51 consecutive patients who had undergone EPF from 2012 to 2015 were included in the present study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.126DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion using 3-Dimensional Total Navigation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

This video demonstrates the workflow of a minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) using a portable intraoperative CT (iCT) scanner, (Airo®, Brainlab AG, Feldkirchen, Germany), combined with state-of-the-art total 3D computer navigation. The navigation is used not only for instrumentation but also for intraoperative planning throughout the procedure, inserting the cage, therefore, completely eliminating the need for fluoroscopy. In this video, we present a case of a 72-yr-old female patient with a history of lower back pain, right lower extremity radicular pain and weakness for 2 yr due to L4-L5 spondylolisthesis with instability and severe lumbar spinal stenosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz042DOI Listing

Neural Mobilization in a 54-Year-Old Woman With Postoperative Spinal Adhesive Arachnoiditis.

J Chiropr Med 2018 Dec 20;17(4):283-288. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Radiology Department, Logan University, Chesterfield, Missouri.

Objective: This case report describes the clinical features, complications, imaging characteristics, and management of postoperative spinal adhesive arachnoiditis.

Clinical Features: A 54-year-old woman presented with right posterior thigh and leg pain after a lumbar spine fusion surgery to correct a degenerative spondylolisthesis of L3/4. Her pain was sharp and shooting and worsened with knee extension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcm.2018.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391232PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Treatment of L5-S1 spondyloptosis with stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion in a patient with neurofibromatosis.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem disorder that causes multiple tumor formations throughout the nervous system. Common spinal dysplasias seen with NF1, such as dural ectasia (DE), often undergo modulation and predispose these patients to spondylolisthesis, making surgical treatment challenging.

Case Description: A patient with NF1 presented with a 12-year-history of back and left lower extremity radicular pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1572868DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Acute rib fracture caused by preoperative positioning for direct lateral interbody fusion: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14700

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Cheonan, Dongam-gu, Cheonan.

Rationale: Degenerative spondylolisthesis is defined as forward slippage of a vertebra with respect to the underlying vertebra and is associated with the induction of lumbar canal stenosis. The use of anterior column support for degenerative lumbar conditions has been well documented. Direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) gains access via a lateral approach through the retroperitoneal fat and psoas muscle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407977PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Stable Spondylolisthesis: Should Management Change Based on Presence of Facet Cysts?

Clin Spine Surg 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Orthopedics, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH.

Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort review.

Objective: To determine whether a correlation exists between facet cysts and lumbar instability.

Summary Of Background Data: Lumbar facet cysts are common degenerative entities observed in patients with low-grade spondylolisthesis at a rate of 10%-50%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000803DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Soft Tissue and Bony Injuries Attributed to the Practice of Yoga: A Biomechanical Analysis and Implications for Management.

Mayo Clin Proc 2019 Mar 18;94(3):424-431. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objective: To analyze injuries that were directly associated with yoga practice and identify specific poses that should be avoided in patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with injuries that were primarily caused by yoga. Patients were seen from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.09.024DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Gouty spondylodiscitis with lumbar vertebral body retrolisthesis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14415

Orthopaedics Surgery Department, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

Rationale: Gout occurs mainly in joints, but rarely in the spine. In the spine, urate crystals can cause intervertebral space instability but rarely lead to retrolisthesis. Here, we present an extremely rare disease with gout invaded the intervertebral disc with lumbar retrolisthesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408027PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Patient and radiographer assessment of slump sitting flexion compared to conventional standing forward bending flexion.

J Spine Surg 2018 Dec;4(4):750-756

University Orthopaedics, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster (UOHC), National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: A comparative survey from patients and radiographers of the new slump sitting flexion posture and the conventional standing forward bending posture. This study was performed to compare the technical and logistical aspects of the slump sitting versus the forward bending posture. Slump sitting flexes the lumbar spine more than the forward bending and increases the diagnosis rate of sagittal spinal instability up to 40% depending on the diagnostic criteria used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://jss.amegroups.com/article/view/4309/4845
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jss.2018.09.07DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330575PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

The influence of developmental spinal stenosis on the risk of re-operation on an adjacent segment after decompression-only surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis.

Bone Joint J 2019 Feb;101-B(2):154-161

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of developmental spinal stenosis (DSS) on the risk of re-operation at an adjacent level.

Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective study of 235 consecutive patients who had undergone decompression-only surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and had a minimum five-year follow-up. There were 106 female patients (45. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B2.BJJ-2018-1136.R2DOI Listing
February 2019

Sacro-iliac joint fusion system for high-grade Spondylolisthesis using "Reverse Bohlman technique": a technical report and overview of the literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky. Electronic address:

Background: High-grade Spondylolisthesis (HGS) is a complex clinical problem that poses significant challenges to the treating physician. There is a contentious debate regarding the most optimal surgical approach in these patients. A variety of trans-sacral and transvertebral techniques have been described in the literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.041DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Identification of abnormalities in the lumbar nerve tract using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance neurography.

Eur Spine J 2019 Apr 17;28(4):849-854. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.

Introduction: Abnormalities of the lumbar nerve tract caused by congenital variations or high nerve root take-off angles are difficult to visualize. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance neurography (DW-MRN) has recently been introduced for imaging of the lumbosacral region. The aims of this study were to identify lumbar nerve tract abnormalities caused by congenital variation or a high nerve root take-off angle using DW-MRN and to assess the diagnostic value of this imaging modality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-018-05867-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-05867-1DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Disc and nerve root findings on lumbar MRI with straightened v s flexed hips and knees-pilot study.

Br J Radiol 2019 Apr 17;92(1096):20180851. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

3 Western Norway University of Applied Sciences , Bergen , Norway.

Objective:: To compare disc and nerve root findings, image quality, and pain between supine lumbar MRI positions with straightened v s flexed hips and knees.

Methods:: In this prospective pilot study, 14 adults with sciatica or suspected lumbar radiculopathy underwent MRI supine with their hips and knees flexed and then straightened. For each position, two experienced radiologists assessed disc contour, location/size of disc herniation, nerve root affection, image quality, image evaluation difficulty, and sagittal angles between the vertebral bodies at each disc level L3-S1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180851DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Potential pathological mechanisms of L3 degenerative spondylolisthesis in lumbar spinal stenosis patients: A case-control study.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: Degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) occurs mostly at L4. However, there are a small number of patients in whom it occurs only at L3. Accordingly, past reports elucidating the factors of DS have been primarily concerned with L4 DS, and few reports are available on DS at L3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A Comparison of the Abdominal and Lumbar Multifidus Muscle Size in Patients With Lumbar Spondylolisthesis and Healthy Patients at Rest and During Contraction Using Ultrasonography.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Oct 26;41(8):691-697. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Spine Surgery, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Using ultrasonography, this study investigated the abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscle size in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis compared with healthy patients at rest and during contraction.

Methods: This research was a nonexperimental, analytic case-control study. Ultrasound imaging was used to assess the thickness of the abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscles in 25 healthy patients and 25 patients with spondylolisthesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01614754173027
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.07.001DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Posterior L5-S1 transdiscal screws for high grade spondylolisthesis - a systematic review.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Dec;64(12):1147-1153

Professor - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective: The surgical management of high-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis (HGLS) is complex and aims to achieve both a solid fusion that is able to support the high shear forces of the lumbosacral junction, as well as neural decompression. We performed a systematic literature review of the safety and efficacy of posterior transdiscal (PTD) screw fixation from L5S1 for HGLS and its variations.

Methods: A systematic literature review following the PRISMA guidelines was performed in the PubMed database of the studies describing the use of PTD screw fixation for HGLS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.12.1147DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

[Vertebral three-dimensional motion characteristics of adjacent segments in patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis ].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 12;32(12):1560-1566

Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Logistics University of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Tianjin, 300162, P.R.China.

Objective: To observe vertebral three-dimensional motion characteristics of adjacent segments in patients with symptomatic L isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS).

Methods: Fourteen symptomatic L IS patients who underwent surgery treatment (trial group) and 15 asymptomatic volunteers without back pain and other lesions of spine (control group) were recruited. There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index, and bone mineral density between the two groups ( >0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201807026DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Comparing Next-Generation Robotic Technology with 3-Dimensional Computed Tomography Navigation Technology for the Insertion of Posterior Pedicle Screws.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 27;123:e474-e481. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Buffalo General Medical Center, Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To study the differences between robot-guided (Mazor X, Mazor Robotics Ltd., Caesarea, Israel) and 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) navigation (O-arm Surgical Imaging System, Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA) for the insertion of pedicle screws.

Methods: We reviewed the charts of 50 patients who underwent robot-guided pedicle screw insertion (between May 2017-October 2017), and 49 patients who underwent 3D-CT navigation pedicle screw insertion (between September 2015-August 2016). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.190DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Three-Dimensional Patient-Specific Guides for Intraoperative Navigation for Cortical Screw Trajectory Pedicle Fixation.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 24;122:674-679. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia; Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Cortical bone trajectory (CBT) technique for pedicle fixation has been proposed and adopted in recent years. This technique involves a mediolateral direction and a caudocephalad path to maximize screw purchase in cortical bone. Various techniques have been proposed to increase the accuracy of screw placement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183271
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.159DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Two-Level Spontaneous Pedicle Fracture above a Degenerative Spondylolisthesis and Minimally Invasive Treatment.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1279-1281

Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, Providence-Providence Park Hospital, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

This is a case report and literature review. The objectives of the study are to describe minimally invasive treatment of pedicle fractures, to show contralateral pedicle changes with pedicle fracture treatment, and to review literature on incidence and mechanism of neural arch fractures. After conservative therapy, there are several options for the treatment of pedicle fractures including pediculoplasty, osteosynthesis, or fusion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_109_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208236PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Surgical Outcomes and Limitations of Decompression Surgery for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.

Global Spine J 2018 Oct 24;8(7):733-738. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Osaka Rosai Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: A retrospective study.

Objectives: To investigate surgical outcomes and limitations of decompression surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Methods: One hundred patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis who underwent decompression surgery alone were included in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2192568218770793
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568218770793DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232715PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Severe Lumbar Disability Is Associated With Decreased Psoas Cross-Sectional Area in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.

Global Spine J 2018 Oct 27;8(7):716-721. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort.

Objectives: Alterations in lumbar paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) may correlate with lumbar pathology. The purpose of this study was to compare paraspinal CSA in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and severe lumbar disability to those with mild or moderate lumbar disability, as determined by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568218765399DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232713PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Shear Wave Elastography of the Lumbar Multifidus Muscle in Patients With Unilateral Lumbar Disk Herniation.

J Ultrasound Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Radiology, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To assess lumbar multifidus muscle stiffness in patients with unilateral lumbar disk herniation (LDH) causing nerve root compression using shear wave elastography (SWE).

Methods: Thirty-three patients with unilateral subarticular LDH (L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1) causing nerve root compression, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging, were enrolled in the study. Exclusion criteria were bilateral or multilevel LDH confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging, bilateral leg symptoms, and patients with a history of any spinal operation, malignancy, trauma, infection, spondylolisthesis, severe lateral recess stenosis, spinal canal stenosis, and substantial comorbidities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14854DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Minimally Invasive Unilateral Percutaneous Transfracture Fixation of a Hangman's Fracture Using Neuronavigation and Intraoperative Fluoroscopy.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:90-95. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Windsor Regional Hospital, Western University, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Traumatic spondylolisthesis or hangman's fracture is a common cervical spine fracture. Most cases of traumatic spondylolisthesis are treated nonoperatively with external immobilization. The indications for surgery have generally included fracture instability or failed nonoperative management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.140DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Surgical Treatment of High-Grade High-Dysplastic Spondylolistheses in Young Patients - Prospective Monocentric Study of 29 Patients].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2018 ;85(5):305-318

Klinika spondylochirurgie 1. lékařské fakulty Univerzity Karlovy a Fakultní nemocnice v Motole, Praha.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY An optimal technique to surgically treat high-grade high-dysplastic (HG HD)spondylolistheses remains disputable. There are multiple surgical procedures described, ranging from a simple posterior fusion in situ without fixation through a standalone anterior lumbar interbody fusion with the oblique insertion of a structural bonegraft to instrumented full reduction and 360-degree fusion. At our department, preference is given to the instrumented monosegmental reduction and fixation by a fixator with Schanz screws. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
3 Reads

Successful Endoscopic Surgery for L5 Radiculopathy Caused by Far-Lateral Disc Herniation at L5-S1 and L5 Isthmic Grade 2 Spondylolisthesis in a Professional Baseball Player.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Oct 15;12(5):624-628. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Orthodontics, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: We report the case of a professional baseball player who had severe leg pain due to lumbar lateral disc herniation at L4-5 and isthmic spondylolisthesis at L5 (double crash syndrome). For early recovery to competitive level, we performed minimally invasive endoscopic decompression surgery without fusion. There are few reports to discuss the usefulness of minimally invasive treatment for top athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ijssurgery.com/lookup/doi/10.14444/5077
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198622PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Selective Thoracic Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Long-Term Radiographic and Functional Outcomes.

Authors:
John E Lonstein

Spine Deform 2018 Nov - Dec;6(6):669-675

Twin Cities Spine Center, 913 E 26th Street, Suite 600, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA; Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare, 200 University Ave E, St Paul, MN 55101, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Selective thoracic fusions (STFs) were introduced by Moe to treat the structural thoracic curve when a more flexible lumbar component existed. It is unknown how the curves behave and how the patients function beyond 20 years after surgery.

Methods: Of the 152 eligible patients with STF, 67 were traced and contacted and 40 completed outcome questionnaires (Oswestry Disability index [ODI], Scoliosis Research Society-30 [SRS-30]) and had follow-up standing radiographs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212134X183007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.04.008DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

The Relationship of Facet Joint Orientation and Tropism with Lumbar Disc Herniation and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis in the Lower Lumbar Spine.

Asian Spine J 2019 Feb 18;13(1):22-28. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Spine Surgery, Stavya Spine Hospital and Research Institute Private Limited, Ahmedabad, India.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the relationship of both facet tropism (FT) and the sagittally aligned facet (SAF) joint with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS).

Overview Of Literature: Despite several studies conducted, there is no consensus on the association of the SAF joint and FT with DH and DS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://asianspinejournal.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.31616/a
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.0116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365798PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Age-related changes in axial and sagittal orientation of the facet joints: Comparison with changes in degenerative spondylolisthesis.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Jan 11;24(1):50-56. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: Despite facet joints being three-dimensional structures, previous computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies have evaluated facet joint orientation in only the axial plane. Facet joint orientation in the sagittal plane has rarely been studied using these imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to elucidate facet joint orientation in both the axial and sagittal planes on computed tomography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.08.028DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Multiple-Repeated Adjacent Segment Disease After Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 10;121:e808-e816. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Rosai Hospital, Sakai, Japan.

Background: Although posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has provided satisfactory clinical outcomes, adjacent segment disease (ASD) is one of the most important complications affecting long-term results. However, according to ASD studies, few have described repeat surgery. The purpose of this study was to elucidate incidence, time period, and clinical features of multiple-repeated ASD after PLIF. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183228
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.227DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Benefits and pitfalls of iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL) imaging in clinical application of the cervical spine MR.

Clin Radiol 2019 Jan 9;74(1):78.e13-78.e21. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Medical Imaging, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China; Department of Medical Imaging, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate efficacy of T2-weighted (T2W) iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL)-fast spin echo (FSE) imaging of the cervical spine.

Materials And Methods: The cervical spine of 100 symptomatic patients was imaged using routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) versus IDEAL-FSE imaging. The signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), and image quality were analysed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00099260183053
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2018.09.002DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Tophaceous Gout in the Lumbar Spine Causing Radiculopathy.

Reumatol Clin 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Servicio de Rehabilitación de Columna, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación «Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra», Tlalpan, Ciudad de México, México.

Tophaceous deposits in lumbar spine is considered a rare condition. We report the case of a 44-year-old patient with low back pain and radiculopathy. Radiographs revealed lytic spondylolisthesis in L5. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1699258X183018
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reuma.2018.08.005DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: Biochemical Aspects and Evaluation of Stabilization Surgery Extent in Terms of Adjacent Segment Disease Theory.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 29;121:e554-e565. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Pharmacology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia.

Objective: In lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSL), the criteria and extent of surgical treatment have not been strictly defined owing to the adjacent segment disease theory and unclear molecular pathogenesis. The present study analyzed the clinical and radiographic findings of patients after lower lumbar fusion surgery with single and 2-level DSL and explored the inflammatory mediator's role in DSL evolution and symptoms.

Methods: The prospective follow-up of patients with DSL, stratified by the stabilization extent (L4-L5, L5-S1, and L4-S1), included the Back Illness Pain and Disability 9-item questionnaire and native and dynamic radiographs to evaluate the intervertebral disc height and adjacent segments' angular motion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.163DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Anterior and Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion With Supplemental Interspinous Process Fixation: Outcomes from a Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Apr 3;12(2):172-184. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of California Davis Health System, Sacramento, California.

Background: Rigid interspinous process fixation (ISPF) has received consideration as an efficient, minimally disruptive technique in supporting lumbar interbody fusion. However, despite advantageous intraoperative utility, limited evidence exists characterizing midterm to long-term clinical outcomes with ISPF. The objective of this multicenter study was to prospectively assess patients receiving single-level anterior (ALIF) or lateral (LLIF) lumbar interbody fusion with adjunctive ISPF. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159706PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Reduction of Slippage Influences Surgical Outcomes of Grade II and III Lumbar Isthmic Spondylolisthesis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;120:e1017-e1023. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Spine Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University No. 415, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To explore influence of reduction of slippage on radiologic parameters, clinical outcomes, and perioperative complications in treatment of grade II/III lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis.

Methods: We divided 156 patients with grade II/III spondylolisthesis into 2 groups with preoperative balanced or unbalanced pelvis. We further divided each group into group A with postoperative grade I or less slippage and group B with persistent grade II/III slippage postoperatively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.217DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

False localizing sign caused by schwannoma in cervical spinal canal at C1-2 level: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12215

Rationale: False localizing sign means that the lesion, which is the cause of the symptom, is remote or distant from the anatomical site predicted by neurological examination. This concept contradicts the classical clinicoanatomical correlation paradigm underlying neurological examinations.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old man consulted for the right sciatica-like leg pain that had aggravated 1 year ago. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133423PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Traumatic lumbar spondylolisthesis resulting in complete thoracic spinal cord avulsion: an unusual presentation.

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Dec;29(6):635-638

Traumatic spondylolisthesis is a known occurrence in trauma, but complete cord transection is relatively rare. Moreover, complete cord transection at a site distant from the traumatic spondylolisthesis without spondyloptosis is exceedingly rare. In this report, authors describe the first case of thoracic cord avulsion following a traumatic grade II lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.5.SPINE17919DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Robotic Guidance for the Insertion of Posterior Pedicle Screws: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York.

Recent years have shown an increase in implementing robotics in surgical procedures. Utilizing robotic technology in spine surgery remains limited in comparison to other surgical fields. We present a surgical video of minimally invasive robotic-assisted insertion of posterior pedicle screws using the newest generation robotic technology (Mazor X, Mazor Robotics Ltd, Caesarea, Israel), in a 29-yr-old man who suffers from Grade I degenerative spondylolisthesis at L5-S1 levels and severe, right-sided foraminal stenosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy246DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Endovascular Retrieval of Intracaval Cement: A Fishing Net Technique.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 20;41(12):1958-1961. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, 4031, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: To describe a novel endovascular technique for intracaval cement retrieval after spinal surgery.

Technique: We produced a replica of the intracaval cement fragment and a 3D print to plan the endovascular procedure. A woven caval filter was modified with two drawstring sutures to be used as fishing net. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00270-018-2061-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-018-2061-6DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

A Hybrid Dynamic Stabilization and Fusion System in Multilevel Lumbar Spondylosis.

Neurospine 2018 Sep 22;15(3):231-241. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: The Dynesys-Transition-Optima (DTO) hybrid system was designed to achieve arthrodesis and stabilization in patients with lumbar degeneration. Satisfactory outcomes were demonstrated previously. However, no study has evaluated the effects of using the DTO system in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis or stenosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14245/ns.1836108.054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226129PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Lumbar Arthroplasty Core Herniation Presenting With Cauda Equina Syndrome: Case Report of a Rare Complication.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 May;16(5):614-618

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Background: Treatment failures of artificial disc implantation are well-described, but posterior herniation of the arthroplasty core is rare. We present a case of posterior herniation of the arthroplasty core resulting in cauda equina syndrome in a 36-yr-old woman. Preoperative imaging studies including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and CT Myelogram were performed; only the CT Myelogram demonstrated the severe compression well. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy152DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Classification of Lumbar Facet Joint Cysts Using the NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG) Grading Score and Correlation with Recurrence and Clinical Outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1;119:e502-e512. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG), Prince of Wales Private Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia; Prince of Wales Hospital Private, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the validity of the proposed NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group Classification System through a retrospective analysis of patients treated surgically for lumbar facet joint cysts at a single institution.

Methods: In a cohort of 166 patients, sagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to measure degree of spondylolisthesis, whereas axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were used to determine the percentage of vertebral canal occupied by the cyst. Grading was performed by 2 observers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.190DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Spinopelvic Sagittal Alignment after Microendoscopic Laminotomy in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Nov 30;79(6):479-485. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background And Study Aims:  Spinopelvic sagittal balance is important in managing lumbar diseases. We evaluated the change in spinal sagittal alignment after microendoscopic laminotomy in patients with low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS).

Material And Methods:  We retrospectively reviewed the records of 87 patients who underwent microendoscopic laminotomy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1666847DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Adequate Restoration of Disc Height and Segmental Lordosis by Lumbar Interbody Fusion Decreases Adjacent Segment Degeneration.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 18;118:e856-e864. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of lumbar interbody fusion-induced biomechanical changes on the adjacent segments, especially disc height and segmental lordosis restoration, and to provide more information for proper surgical strategy selection.

Methods: The medical records of 528 patients who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion were retrospectively reviewed, and a total of 89 patients were included. Surgical indications included degenerative spondylolisthesis (nonspondylolytic), marked disc herniation, or lumbar spinal stenosis requiring extensive decompression at L4/5. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.075DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads