3,761 results match your criteria Splinting Posterior Long Leg


Conservative management of De Quervain's tendinopathy with an orthopedic manual physical therapy approach emphasizing first CMC manipulation: a retrospective case series.

Physiother Theory Pract 2020 Jun 1:1-10. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Rueckert-Hartman College for Health Professions, School of Physical Therapy, Regis University , Denver, Colorada, USA.

De Quervain's tendinopathy (DQT) is a musculoskeletal disorder that limits hand function of affected individuals. Management of DQT can include splinting, activity modification, medications, corticosteroid injections, physical therapist management, and surgery. There is limited evidence to support the combination of manual therapy and exercise interventions within an Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) approach when managing patients with DQT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2020.1771800DOI Listing

Comparison of stress induced in mandible around an implant-supported overdenture with locator attachment and telescopic crowns - a finite element analysis.

Med Pharm Rep 2020 Apr 22;93(2):181-189. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Paedodontics, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, India.

Introduction: One of the principle factors for the success of implant supported/retained overdentures (IOs) is the manner in which the stresses are transferred to the surrounding bone. Hence, the aim of the present study is to compare the stress induced in the mandible around IOs, using two different attachment systems, locator and telescopic.

Methods: 3D finite element models were prepared using Pro/ENGINEER or PTC Creo to simulate 4 clinical situations: IOs using two different attachment systems, locator and telescopic, with and without splinting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15386/mpr-1312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243882PMC

Healing of Full-Thickness Murine Skin Wounds Containing Nanofibers Using Splints for Efficient Reepithelialization and to Avoid Contracture.

Methods Mol Biol 2020 ;2155:115-123

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University , Corvallis, OR, USA.

Wound healing process is the outcome of a series of actions and combined with collaborative process involving concerted efforts of multiple cell types. The dynamic series of events constituting each of these overlapping rather than discrete stages of wound healing increases its complexity and the necessity to understand it. The contrasting mechanisms of wound healing employed by mouse (via wound contraction) and humans (via reepithelialization) puts forth the need of a model closely mimicking human wound-healing and hence comes the applicability of the mouse excisional wound splinting model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0655-1_10DOI Listing
January 2020

Drug-eluting wound dressings having sustained release of antimicrobial compounds.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Aragon Institute of Nanoscience (INA), University of Zaragoza, Campus Río Ebro-Edificio I+D, C/ Poeta Mariano Esquillor S/N, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain; Networking Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, CIBER-BBN, 28029 Madrid, Spain; Aragon Health Research Institute (IIS Aragon), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Wound healing is a complex and costly public health problem that should be timely addressed to achieve a rapid and adequate tissue repair avoiding or even eliminating potential pathogenic infection. Chronic infected non-healing wounds represent a serious concern for health care systems. Efficient wound dressings with tailored therapy having the best response and highest safety margin for the management of chronic non-healing wounds are still needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2020.05.025DOI Listing

Claviculotracheopexy for complex airway reconstructions.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Lausanne University Hopsital, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: Revision surgery for correcting benign laryngotracheal stenosis is challenging and it gets complicated in patients with comorbidities. To improve results in such cases, we describe a new technique of stabilizing the trachea by splinting it to the clavicle on both sides.

Methods: Retrospective case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06086-5DOI Listing

Finite element analysis of narrow dental implants.

Dent Mater 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Research Group of Interacting Surfaces in Bioengineering and Materials Science (InSup), Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), Avda. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.

Narrow-diameter implants (NDIs) traditionally have been associated to higher rates of failure in comparison with regular-diameter implants (RDIs) and wide-diameter implants (WDIs), since they generate a more unfavorable stress distribution in peri-implant bone. However, it is well known that the load sharing effect associated with prostheses supported by multiple implants (also called splinted prostheses) affords mechanical benefits. The present study involves finite element analysis (FEA) to determine whether the risks linked to NDIs could be mitigated by the mechanical advantages afforded by the splinting concept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2020.04.013DOI Listing

Management of intraarticular proximal interphalangeal joint fracture-dislocations and pilon fractures with the Ligamentotaxor® device.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

St Andrews Centre for Plastic Surgery, Broomfield Hospital, Chelmsford, CM1 7ET, UK.

Introduction: Fracture-dislocation and pilon injuries of the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIPJ) continue to pose significant management challenges. Stable fracture configurations can be treated with extension block splinting or pinning. Unstable fractures usually require open or closed reduction and fixation either directly/internally onto the fracture using Kirschner wires, cerclage wires, screws or miniplates or indirectly/externally by ligamentotaxis using external fixators which can be dynamic or static. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-020-03482-8DOI Listing

The prevalence and associated factors of proximal contact loss between implant restoration and adjacent tooth after function: A retrospective study.

Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Prosthodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan City, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Dental implant is widely used as a treatment for missing teeth. However, proximal contact loss (PCL) between implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDP) and adjacent teeth has been reported as one of the common and adverse complications.

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of PCL up to 18 years after implant prosthesis delivery and to analyze associated factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cid.12918DOI Listing

A digital technique for splinting periodontally compromised mobile teeth in the mandibular anterior region.

J Prosthet Dent 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Professor, Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology, Research Center of Engineering and Technology for Digital Dentistry of Ministry of Health, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, PR China. Electronic address:

A digital technique for fabricating a periodontal splint is presented. The lingual surface of periodontally compromised mandibular anterior teeth is captured and registered to form the emergence profile of the periodontal splint. An accurate periodontal splint is fabricated for mandibular anterior teeth with increased mobility after scaling and root planing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Interventions for congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot).

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 05 15;5:CD008602. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), also known as clubfoot, is a common congenital orthopaedic condition characterised by an excessively turned-in foot (equinovarus) and high medial longitudinal arch (cavus). If left untreated it can result in long-term disability, deformity and pain. Interventions can be conservative (such as splinting or stretching) or surgical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD008602.pub4DOI Listing

Comparison of conventional, photogrammetry, and intraoral scanning accuracy of complete-arch implant impression procedures evaluated with a coordinate measuring machine.

J Prosthet Dent 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Professor and Director-Maxillofacial Prosthetic Service, University of Washington School of Dentistry, Seattle, Wash.

Statement Of Problem: Conventional implant impressions by using elastomeric impression material have been reported as a more reliable technique for a complete-arch implant record compared with intraoral scanner procedures. Photogrammetry technology may provide a reliable alternative to digital scanning or a conventional impression; however, its accuracy remains unclear.

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure and compare the implant abutment replica positions of the definitive cast with the implant abutment replica positions obtained by the conventional technique, photogrammetry, and 2 intraoral scanners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.03.005DOI Listing

Minimally Invasive Method for Correcting Reducible Cryptotia.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Various surgical methods have been used to treat cryptotia; however, there is a drawback of these methods in that they leave a permanent scar. The authors describe a 7-year-old child who missed the optimal corrective time for cryptotia. Minimally invasive surgery was planned as a 3rd alternative to external splinting or invasive surgery by taking advantage of 2 methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006475DOI Listing

Comparison of the accuracy of different impression procedures in case of multiple and angulated implants : Accuracy of impressions in multiple and angulated implants.

Head Face Med 2020 May 4;16(1). Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Prosthodontics, Near East University Faculty of Dentistry, Lefkosa, Mersin10, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: There is no consensus in the literature regarding the impression procedures in the presence of multiple and angulated implants.

Methods: Three maxillary master models with 6 implants bilaterally positioned in anterior, premolar and molar regions were fabricated. In model 1, all implants were placed in parallel; in models 2 and 3, anterior implants were buccally inclined and posterior implants were distally inclined in 10- and 20-degrees, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13005-020-00225-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197148PMC

Effective self-stretching of carpal ligament for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: A double-blinded randomized controlled study.

J Hand Ther 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Rehabilitation Research Center, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, CA, USA.

Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome worldwide. There are limited studies on the effectiveness of carpal ligament stretching on symptomatic and electrophysiologic outcomes.

Purpose Of The Study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of self-myofascial stretching of the carpal ligament on symptom outcomes and nerve conduction findings in persons with CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2019.12.002DOI Listing

Consequences of tooth luxation associated with complicated crown fracture: a case report.

Gen Dent 2020 May-Jun;68(3):57-61

The objective of this clinical case report is to describe the late treatment performed in a 10-year-old patient who suffered a complicated crown fracture associated with luxation of the maxillary left central incisor. The patient-s parents reported that the patient fell and was immediately taken to a hospital, where radiographs, splinting, and suturing were performed and an anti-inflammatory prescription was provided, but no treatment was given for the exposed pulp. The parents and patient sought treatment at a pediatric dentistry clinic 16 days post-trauma. Read More

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Splinting versus extension-block pinning of bony mallet finger: a randomized clinical trial.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2020 Apr 26:1753193420917567. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Orthopaedics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Surgical treatment of bony mallet fingers is frequently recommended, but the evidence is sparse. This randomized clinical trial aimed to compare nonoperative splinting versus extension-block pinning of bony mallet fingers with involvement of more than one-third of the joint surface but without primary joint subluxation. Thirty-two patients were randomized and 28 fulfilled the protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193420917567DOI Listing

A chrome cobalt mandibular advancement appliance for snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea used during active aligner orthodontic treatment.

Authors:
Simon Ash

J Orthod 2020 Jun 27;47(2):181-184. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK.

Adult orthodontics is now mainstream, made all the more acceptable by the advent of removable aligners. These patients may also coincidentally suffer from snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), for which the indefinite wearing of a mandibular advancement device (MAD) during sleep may be required. Indefinite removable nocturnal orthodontic retention is now established practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1465312520914300DOI Listing

The Influence of Transverse Carpal Ligament Thickness on Treatment Decisions for Idiopathic Mild to Moderate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 Apr 22. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Purpose: The main cause of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is pathological changes in the flexor synovium, which is a known cause of pressure elevation in the carpal tunnel. The importance of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) in the pathogenesis of CTS has hitherto been overlooked. However, the TCL significantly affects carpal biomechanics; the TCL is known to affect the carpal bone to a greater extent when intra carpal tunnel pressure is high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002386DOI Listing

Operative vs Nonoperative Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 Apr 1;3(4):e203497. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School Orthopedic Trauma Initiative, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Importance: No consensus has been reached to date regarding the optimal treatment for distal radius fractures. The international rate of operative treatment has been increasing, despite higher costs and limited functional outcome evidence to support this shift.

Objectives: To compare functional, clinical, and radiologic outcomes after operative vs nonoperative treatment of distal radius fractures in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7180423PMC

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Review of Literature.

Cureus 2020 Mar 19;12(3):e7333. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA.

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common medical condition that remains one of the most frequently reported forms of median nerve compression. CTS occurs when the median nerve is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist. The syndrome is characterized by pain in the hand, numbness, and tingling in the distribution of the median nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164699PMC

Trapezius Transfer to Restore Shoulder Function in Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury: Revisited and Modified.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2020 Jun;25(2):143-152

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, King George Medical University, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Trapezius transfer has shown promise to restore shoulder movements and has stood through the passage of time. We here in describe a modification of trapezius transfer technique and review the current literature available. The modified trapezius transfer in which the trapezius muscle is extended with folded tensor fascia lata graft and attached as distally possible to the deltoid insertion was done in twelve patients at tertiary health care centre in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835520500150DOI Listing

A Comparison of Splint Versus Pinning the Distal Interphalangeal Joint for Acute Closed Tendinous Mallet Injuries.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2020 Jun;25(2):172-176

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

The vast majority of acute closed tendinous mallet injuries are treated with a splint. Very few studies have directly compared splinting versus pinning the distal interphalangeal joint for this injury. The aim of this cohort study is to determine the outcomes of both methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835520500198DOI Listing

Management of Complicated Crown-Root Fracture by Extra-Oral Fragment Reattachment and Intentional Reimplantation with 2 Years Review.

Contemp Clin Dent 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):397-401

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Trauma with an accompanying fracture to the anterior teeth gives an agonizing experience for a young individual due to the physical disfigurement and the psychological impact that is imposed on them. This paper reports a case of complicated crown-root fracture in a young child that was treated by extra-oral fragment reattachment followed by the intentional reimplantation. The tooth was endodontically-treated followed by the placement of fiber-reinforced composite post. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_671_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7145227PMC

Group education, night splinting and home exercises reduce conversion to surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome: a multicentre randomised trial.

J Physiother 2020 Apr 11;66(2):97-104. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Question: In people with carpal tunnel syndrome who are waitlisted for surgical consultation, does a therapist-led care pathway involving education, splinting and exercises reduce the need for surgery and improve patient outcomes?

Design: A multicentre, randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessment and intention-to-treat analysis.

Participants: One hundred and five people with electrodiagnostically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome on a waitlist for surgical consultation and recruited from four public hospitals in Australia.

Interventions: The experimental group (n = 52) received a one-off group session of education, splinting, and nerve and tendon gliding exercises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2020.03.007DOI Listing

The epidemiology of paediatric off-road motorcycle trauma attended by emergency medical services in Victoria, Australia.

Injury 2020 Mar 16. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Centre for Research & Evaluation, Medical Directorate, Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia; Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia; Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Victoria, Australia; School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Paediatric participation in competitive and recreational off-road motorcycle sports is increasing in popularity worldwide, however injuries frequently occur and the sport is associated with significant morbidity.

Objective: This study describes the profile of paediatric off-road motorcycle trauma attended by emergency medical services (EMS) in Victoria, Australia.

Methods: A retrospective review included paediatric (<16 years) competitive and recreational off-road motorcycle patients attended by EMS between 2010 and 2017 in the State of Victoria, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.03.036DOI Listing

Implant loss and crestal bone loss in immediate versus delayed load in edentulous mandibles: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Prosthet Dent 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Lecturer of Stomatological Prosthesis, Faculty of Medicine, Dental Clinic, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

Statement Of Problem: The current trend is to shorten the loading times of dental implants. However, information about the risk of early loss of implants that have been loaded immediately is scant if compared with data available for those conventionally loaded.

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to study immediate (IL) and delayed loading (DL) protocols in edentulous mandibles to determine whether differences exist in implant success and crestal bone loss and to evaluate these possible differences in relation to the type of prosthesis and the splinting of the implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.01.032DOI Listing

Best Splinting Methods in Case of Dental Injury-A Literature Review.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 ;44(2):71-78

The objective of this manuscript was to review the literature on dental trauma splints and discuss materials used for splinting injured teeth in terms of their properties and conditions that are required for optimal stabilization. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database with the keywords: "trauma splints", "dental trauma" and "traumatic dental injuries". The search was limited to English language publications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17796/1053-4625-44.2.1DOI Listing

Gold panner blast hand.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2020 Mar 29. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Sourou Sanou University Hospital, Sikasso Sira, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

"Blast hand" is a traumatic hand injury related to an explosion. Artisanal gold miners use dynamite to excavate gold pits; such activities expose them to blast hand injuries. This work aims to study blast injuries to gold miners' hands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hansur.2020.03.001DOI Listing

How many implants are necessary to stabilise an implant-supported maxillary overdenture?

Evid Based Dent 2020 03;21(1):28-29

Swiss Dental Clinics Group, Ardentis Clinique Dentaire Vevey, Vevey, Switzerland.

Data sources Pubmed and EMBASE databases were searched from 2000 to 2017 and complemented by manual searching of the references of reviews and the full-text articles assessed for inclusion.Study selection The inclusion criteria were: (i) Randomised clinical trials (RCT), prospective or retrospective studies, and case series or case reports including at least ten totally edentulous patients rehabilitated with maxillary implant-supported overdenture; (ii) analysed one of the following outcomes: survival rate of the implants, survival rate of the overdenture and patient-reported results; (iii) had at least two years of follow-up; (iv) and were written in English language.Data extraction and synthesis The data extraction was performed by two independent reviewers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41432-020-0077-7DOI Listing

Treatment of avulsed immature permanent teeth in Beijing China: A retrospective comparison between 2008 and 2015.

Dent Traumatol 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of General Dentistry and Integrated Emergency Dental Care, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background/aims: The diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma are developing rapidly in China. Therapeutic methods used to treat immature avulsed teeth remain a unique challenge in the clinical setting. The aim of this study was to compare the differences in the survival rate and management of avulsed teeth over two distinct periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12557DOI Listing

Regenerative Injections Including 5% Dextrose and Platelet-Rich Plasma for the Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2020 Mar 18;13(3). Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara 06100, Turkey.

This network meta-analysis aimed to integrate the available direct and indirect evidence on regenerative injections-including 5% dextrose (D5W) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP)-for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Literature reports comparing D5W and PRP injections with non-surgical managements of CTS were systematically reviewed. The main outcome was the standardized mean difference (SMD) of the symptom severity and functional status scales of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire at three months after injections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ph13030049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151714PMC

Mistriaged Advanced Life Support Patients in a Two-Tiered, Suburban Emergency Medical Services System.

West J Emerg Med 2020 Feb 24;21(2):449-454. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Newark, New Jersey.

Introduction: Emergency medical services (EMS) systems exist to provide prehospital care in diverse environments throughout the world. Advanced Life Support (ALS) services can provide advanced care including 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), endotracheal intubation and parenteral medication administration. Basic Life Support (BLS) can provide basic care such as splinting, wound care and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2019.10.43885DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7081855PMC
February 2020

Enhancing Splinting Confidence through Inter-Residency Education: An Educational Workshop.

Kans J Med 2020 28;13:29-37. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.

Introduction: The initial treatment for many orthopaedic injuries is splinting. Unfortunately, formal musculoskeletal training is limited in primary care leading to deficiencies in competency and confidence. Suboptimal splints can result in complications such as skin break-down, worsening of deformity, and increased pain. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053410PMC
February 2020

Biomechanical Testing of a Calcium Phosphate-Phosphoserine-Based Mineral-Organic Adhesive for Non-invasive Fracture Repair of Mandibular Fractures in Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2020 27;7:59. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Veterinary Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, United States.

Mandibular fracture repair is complicated by limited availability of bone as well as the presence of the neurovascular bundle and an abundance of tooth roots. Fractures at the location of the mandibular first molar teeth are common and it can be particularly challenging to apply stable fixation. Non-invasive fracture repair techniques utilize intraoral placement of fixation devices typically involving polymerized composites and/or interdental wiring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7058112PMC
February 2020

[Treatment of De Quervain's tendinopathy with conservative methods].

Orv Hetil 2020 Mar;161(11):419-424

Egészségtudományi Kar, Alapozó Egészségtudományi Intézet, Morfológiai és Fiziológiai Tanszék, Semmelweis Egyetem Budapest, Vas u. 17., 1088.

De Quervain's tendinopathy affects the region of the wrist and the hand. Thumb motion becomes painful. This illness is caused by a degenerative process rather than inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2020.31672DOI Listing

Does concurrent posterior repair for an asymptomatic rectocele reduce the risk of surgical failure in patients undergoing sacrocolpopexy?

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Mar 7. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Center for Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Desk A81, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Purpose: To determine if a concurrent posterior repair for an asymptomatic rectocele at the time of sacrocolpopexy reduces the incidence of surgical failure.

Methods: This is a retrospective chart review with a cross-sectional follow-up survey of all patients who underwent sacrocolpopexy from 2004 to 2014. Demographic and operative data were collected from the medical record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04268-7DOI Listing

Healing hand ulcers caused by focal spasticity.

Int Wound J 2020 Jun 5;17(3):774-780. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of Adelaide, Woodville South, South Australia, Australia.

Spasticity is a common manifestation of many upper motor neuron lesions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and multiple sclerosis. In some cases, spastic fingers in the hand press hard into the palm, resulting in skin breakdown and atypical pressure ulcerations. We treated 10 such patients living in the nursing homes with long-standing treatment-resistant hand ulcers in our spasticity clinic first, with Botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injection into the spastic muscles followed by dressing, splinting, and hand therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13335DOI Listing

Non-operative Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2020 Apr;13(2):141-147

Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To determine the current evidence for various non-operative therapies in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple non-operative treatment modalities exist in the treatment of mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome. While certain modalities such as splinting and corticosteroid injections have moderate- to high-quality evidence to support use, other less commonly used treatments have fewer therapeutic indications in the current literature. Healthcare providers should be able to initiate the appropriate diagnostic evaluation and assess the utility of non-operative therapies in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-020-09616-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174467PMC

Management of Finger Joint Dislocation and Fracture-Dislocations in Athletes.

Clin Sports Med 2020 Apr 4;39(2):423-442. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359796, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. Electronic address:

Although finger joint dislocations are generally thought of as benign by many athletes and assumed to be a sprain, these injuries represent a spectrum that includes disabling fracture-dislocations. Failure to recognize certain dislocations or fracture-dislocations may result in permanent deformity and loss of motion. Simple dislocations are frequently amenable to early return to play with protection; however, more complex injuries may require specialized splinting or surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2019.10.006DOI Listing

Cxcr6-Based Mesenchymal Stem Cell Gene Therapy Potentiates Skin Regeneration in Murine Diabetic Wounds.

Mol Ther 2020 May 14;28(5):1314-1326. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Applied Biology, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, TS, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-IICT Campus, Hyderabad 500 007, TS, India. Electronic address:

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies for wound healing are often compromised due to low recruitment and engraftment of transplanted cells, as well as delayed differentiation into cell lineages for skin regeneration. An increased expression of chemokine ligand CXCL16 in wound bed and its cognate receptor, CXCR6, on murine bone-marrow-derived MSCs suggested a putative therapeutic relevance of exogenous MSC transplantation therapy. Induction of the CXCL16-CXCR6 axis led to activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Src, and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2)-mediated matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 promoter regulation and expression, the migratory signaling pathways in MSC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2020.02.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210709PMC

Recent Developments Are Changing Extensor Tendon Management.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Mar;145(3):617e-628e

Henrico, Va.; and Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia; Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia; Division of Plastic Surgery, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center; and Dalhousie University.

Learning Objectives: After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: Start early protected movement at 3 to 5 days after surgery with relative motion extension splinting for zone 5 extensor tendon lacerations over the hand. Allow patients to resume regular activities much sooner than the conventional 3 to 4 weeks of splinting after extensor tendon repair. Improve the rehabilitation of boutonniere deformities with relative motion splinting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006556DOI Listing

A Strategy Employing a TF-Splinting Duplex Nanoswitch to Achieve Single-Step, Enzyme-Free, Signal-On Detection of l-Tryptophan.

ACS Sens 2020 03 6;5(3):837-844. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, China.

Transcription factor (TF)-based metabolite detection mainly depends on TF-regulated gene expression in cells. From TF activation to gene transcription and translation, the signal travels a relatively long way before it is received. Here, we propose a TF-splinting duplex DNA nanoswitch to detect metabolites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.0c00002DOI Listing

Design and Evaluation of Magnetic Hall Effect Tactile Sensors for Use in Sensorized Splints.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Feb 19;20(4). Epub 2020 Feb 19.

School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Splinting techniques are widely used in medicine to inhibit the movement of arthritic joints. Studies into the effectiveness of splinting as a method of pain reduction have generally yielded positive results, however, no significant difference has been found in clinical outcomes between splinting types. Tactile sensing has shown great promise for the integration into splinting devices and may offer further information into applied forces to find the most effective methods of splinting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20041123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070306PMC
February 2020
2.245 Impact Factor

Actinomycosis as a Rare Local Manifestation of Severe Periodontitis.

Case Rep Dent 2020 1;2020:5961452. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative infection primarily caused by anaerobic gram-positive filamentous bacteria, primarily of the genus Actinomyces. Oral-cervicofacial actinomycosis is the localization found most often, presenting as a soft tissue swelling, an abscess, a mass lesion, or sometimes an ulcerative lesion. Periodontitis-like lesions, however, are rare findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5961452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021467PMC
February 2020

Does earlier splint removal truly affect functional recovery and kinesiophobia after tendon repair?

Hand Surg Rehabil 2020 Feb 20. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Ziraat, Şht. Ömer Halisdemir Blv, 06110 Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey.

Splinting how the hand can be used in daily life. Therefore, earlier splint removal is thought to improve functional recovery. The aim of our study was to assess the outcomes of patients who removed their splint and started using their hand earlier and compare them to patients who received routine care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hansur.2020.01.006DOI Listing
February 2020

Implant splinting in mandibular overdentures: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Quintessence Int 2020 ;51(4):294-302

Objectives: To evaluate the influence of implant splinting on peri-implant marginal bone level and implant failures in completely edentulous patients who have been rehabilitated with mandibular implant overdentures.

Method And Materials: A literature search of electronic databases (PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [CENTRAL]) was performed, with the last search conducted in July 2019. Randomized controlled trials with at least a 12-month follow-up period were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.qi.a44144DOI Listing
March 2020
0.728 Impact Factor

Quick Arthroscopic Repair of Ulnar-Sided Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Tears: Technical Note.

J Nippon Med Sch 2020 May 20;87(2):104-108. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School Hospital.

Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tears can cause ulnar-sided wrist pain. Arthroscopy is important in treatment and diagnosis, and arthroscopic repair of TFCC tears is indicated after failure of nonsurgical treatments such as cast immobilization, splinting, and administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for more than 3 months. Several arthroscopic procedures have been described, including inside-out, outside-in, and all-arthroscopic techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2020_87-209DOI Listing

Part I: Crossfit-Related Injury Characteristics Presenting to Sports Medicine Clinic.

Clin J Sport Med 2020 Mar;30(2):102-107

The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Objective: To investigate CrossFit-related injuries presenting to a pediatric sports medicine clinic.

Design: Retrospective review of pediatric CrossFit-related injuries from between January 1, 2003, and June 31, 2016.

Setting: Pediatric sports medicine clinic at a tertiary-level academic medical center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000805DOI Listing

A successful surgical treatment of a closed rupture of flexor digitorum superficialis in surgeon's hand. A case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 6;67:235-238. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Plastic Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City-Riyadh, Riyadh 11426, P.O. Box 22490, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Isolated closed rupture or avulsion of the flexor digitomm superficialis (FDS) tendon at its insertion is a rare diagnosis. It can be related to a pathology such as rheumatoid arthritis, bony abnormalities, tenosynovitis, fractures, or tuberculosis. A review of the literature identified only few cases of closed avulsion or rupture of FDS tendons nonpathologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.01.041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7025954PMC
February 2020