Cureus 2021 Feb 24;13(2):e13540. Epub 2021 Feb 24.
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Tottori University, Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, JPN.
Background: Median arcuate ligament (MAL) syndrome (MALS), also known as celiac artery (CA) compression syndrome and Dunbar syndrome, occurs because of extraluminal compression of the CA root by the MAL, which is part of the diaphragm. In MALS, a malposition of the MAL compresses the CA and causes nonspecific symptoms, including epigastric pain after eating, weight loss, nausea, and vomiting and can sometimes cause visceral aneurysms. Typically, in MALS, various chronic ischemic symptoms and visceral aneurysms due to changes in arterial blood flow are observed; however, in acute-onset MALS, acute organ failure due to ischemic changes may be problematic. Read More