215,340 results match your criteria Splenic Abscess
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital and Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
Background: Spontaneous splenic rupture is an increasingly reported complication of babesiosis and has been described as a severe complication.
Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review in a high prevalence area to identify seven cases of babesiosis-related splenic rupture between 2014 - 2016.
Results: Splenic rupture occurred in approximately 1% of babesiosis cases. Read More
Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):3099-3109.e3
Nanyang Technological University, School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore. Electronic address:
Inflammation-induced disappearance of tissue-resident macrophages represents a key pathogen defense mechanism. Using a model of systemic blood-stage malaria, we studied the dynamics of tissue-resident macrophages in multiple organs to determine how they are depleted and refilled during the course of disease. We show that Plasmodium infection results in a transient loss of embryonically established resident macrophages prior to the parasitemia peak. Read More
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):297-300
Hospital Guillermo Kaelin de la Fuente. Lima, Perú; Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú.
Primary gastric choriocarcinoma (PGC) is an extremely rare and highly invasive tumor with rapid hematogenous spread. We present the case of a 57-year-old female patient who started with hematemesis and progressive episodes of melena, weight loss and epigastralgia. It is derived from the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases where gastroscopy and biopsy are performed. Read More
Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1403. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University Center UNIFACISA), João Pessoa, PB.
Introduction: The celiac trunk (CT) is one of the abdominal portion branches of the aortic artery and, together with the superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries, participates in the abdominal viscera vascularization through a series of anastomoses. Absence of CT or variation in the number of terminal branches implies in varied abdominal arteries origins, which may have implication in surgical approaches.
Objective: To analyze the anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and possible associated surgical clinical implications. Read More
Cytokine 2019 Jan 7;113:39-49. Epub 2018 Jul 7.
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
The main objective of this investigation was to determine whether, despite acute (wasting) deficits of dietary nitrogen and energy, weanling mice could respond to the dendritic cell hematopoietin, Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L), in terms of an index of cell-mediated inflammatory competence. Male and female C57BL/6J weanlings were used, initially 19 days of age, and malnutrition was produced using a nitrogen-deficient diet. In preliminary work ten daily subcutaneous 1. Read More
Hum Cell 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Pediatrics, South Campus, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 2000 Jiangyue Road, Minhang District, Shanghai, 201112, People's Republic of China.
Natural killer T cells (NKT cells) and regulatory T cells (Treg cells) are two important immune regulatory cells which both play critical roles in asthma. Our previous experiments revealed that activation of Treg cells suppressed NKT cells in asthma. However, the possible regulatory effects and the mechanisms linking Treg cells and NKT cells remain poorly understood. Read More
Mol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Cell Biology, National Translational Science Center for Molecular Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Fourth Military Medical University, No. 169 Changle West Road, Xi'an, 710032, China.
Basigin is a well-known extracellular stimulator of fibroblasts and may confer resistance to apoptosis of fibroblasts in vitro under some pathological status, but its exact function in fibroblasts and the underlying mechanism remain poorly understood. The systematic Basigin gene knockout leads to the perinatal lethality of mice, which limits the delineation of its function in vivo. In this study, we generated a fibroblast-specific Basigin knock-out mouse model and demonstrated the successful deletion of Basigin in fibroblasts. Read More
Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr., Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.
Purpose: To evaluate the association between imaging and clinical features and visualization scores, as specified by American College of Radiology (ACR) Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening ultrasound examinations.
Methods: In this dual-center retrospective study, HCC screening ultrasound reports containing ultrasound elastography measurements (January to September, 2017) were reviewed. Ultrasound point shear wave elastography and 2-dimensional shear wave elastography were used to assess liver stiffness; median shear wave velocity was translated to METAVIR fibrosis scoring, per previously published data. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2648. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Medicine, Center for Bioelectronic Medicine, Center for Molecular Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Macrophage cytokine production is regulated by neural signals, for example in the inflammatory reflex. Signals in the vagus and splenic nerves are relayed by choline acetyltransferase T cells that release acetylcholine, the cognate ligand for alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine subunit-containing receptors (α7nAChR), and suppress TNF release in macrophages. Here, we observed that electrical vagus nerve stimulation with a duration of 0. Read More
J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 22;42(4):500-504. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
2Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam India.
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major global health problem but still remains one of the neglected tropical diseases. Currently available chemotherapeutics are associated with severe toxicity and increased drug resistance. There is a need to explore for novel therapeutic strategies that could modulate host immune responses or work in synergy with chemotherapy of VL. Read More
Nat Commun 2018 12 11;9(1):5279. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Regeneration in Hematopoiesis and Animal Models in Hematopoiesis, Institute for Immunology, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.
Regulatory mechanisms controlling the pool size of spleen dendritic cells (DC) remain incompletely understood. DCs are continuously replenished from hematopoietic stem cells, and FLT3-mediated signals cell-intrinsically regulate homeostatic expansion of spleen DCs. Here we show that combining FLT3 and CSF1R-deficiencies results in specific and complete abrogation of spleen DCs in vivo. Read More
Clin Radiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP, UK.
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Beijing Key Laboratory of Hypoxia Conditioning Translational Medicine, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPC) is a promising neuroprotective strategy for ischemic stroke. Here, we employed a focal ischemic stroke mouse model to test the hypothesis that poststroke collateral circulation as a potent mechanism of action underlying the therapeutic effects of immediate RIPC. During reperfusion of cerebral ischemia, the mice were randomly assigned to receive RIPC, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as a positive control, or no treatment. Read More
Environ Toxicol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, China.
8:2 Fluorotelomer alcohol (8:2 FTOH) is widely used in houseware and industrial goods and is ubiquitous in the surrounding environment. 8:2 FTOH has been linked to hepatoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and reproductive toxicity, as well as endocrine-disrupting effects. However, as of yet, the research regarding immunotoxicity of 8:2 FTOH remains largely limited. Read More
Curr Med Sci 2018 Dec 7;38(6):1096-1102. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.
Biodistribution and toxicity assessment are critical for safe clinical use of newly developed medicines. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) are effective carriers for targeted drug delivery. This study aimed to examine the toxicity and biodistribution of SPION coated with polyethylenimine (PEI) (SPION-PEI) designed for small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery both in vitro and in vivo. Read More
Am J Clin Dermatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Dermatology and the Immunology Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 5 E. 98th Street, New York, NY, 10029, USA.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases. AD is driven by barrier dysfunction and abnormal immune activation of T helper (Th) 2, Th22, and varying degrees of Th1 and Th17 among various subtypes. The Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) and spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) pathways are involved in signaling of several AD-related cytokines, such as IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-13, IL-31, IL-33, IL-23, IL-22, and IL-17, mediating downstream inflammation and barrier alterations. Read More
Mol Med Rep 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Medical Oncology, The First Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, P.R. China.
Salvianolic acid B (SB) is an antioxidant derived from Salvia militarize, and is one of the most widely used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. SB is a potent antioxidant that has been well documented as a scavenger of oxygen free radicals, and has been used for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis‑associated disorders. To explore its potential therapeutic effects in treating radiation damage, in this study, mice were treated with SB at different doses of 5, 12. Read More
Mol Med Rep 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Spleen, Stomach and Hepatobiliary Department, The First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, Henan 450004, P.R. China.
α‑lipoic acid (ALA) is a naturally occurring antioxidant with protective effects against various hepatic injuries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms by which ALA protects the liver from carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)‑induced liver cirrhosis. The widely used liver cirrhosis rat model was established via an intraperitoneal injection of 2 mg/kg 50% CCl4, three times/week for 8 weeks. Read More
Poult Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.
The prevalence of Salmonella Enteritidis in commercial egg-laying flocks is a prominent public health concern because contaminated eggs cause human illness. Deposition of this pathogen inside eggs results from bacterial colonization of reproductive tissues in infected hens. Environmental conditions can influence avian Salmonella infections, but the food safety consequences of different poultry housing systems remain uncertain. Read More
J Crohns Colitis 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zürich, University of Zurich, Switzerland.
Background: Tissue inflammation in inflammatory bowel diseases [IBD] is associated with local acidification. Genetic variants in the pH-sensing G protein-coupled receptor 65, also known as T cell death-associated gene 8 [TDAG8], have been implicated in IBD and other autoimmune diseases. Since the role of TDAG8 in intestinal inflammation remains unclear, we investigated the function of TDAG8 using murine colitis models. Read More
Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):965-969
Department of Morphological Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Oradea, Romania;
Ethylene glycol is a toxic alcohol that is mainly introduced into an organism through the digestive pathway. Its priority toxic metabolites are glycolic acid and oxalic acid. We present the case of a young person, of the male persuasion, without any personal pathological history, found unconscious and presenting signs of violence. Read More
Front Oncol 2018 26;8:550. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Italian Institute for Genomic Medicine, Turin, Italy.
The systematic application of next-generation sequencing to large cohorts of oncologic samples has opened a Pandora's box full of known and novel genetic lesions implicated in different steps of cancer development and progression. Narrowing down to B cell malignancies, many previously unrecognized genes emerged as recurrently mutated. The challenge now is to determine how the mutation in a given gene affects the biology of the disease, paving the way to functional genomics studies. Read More
Contrast Media Mol Imaging 2018 11;2018:5247153. Epub 2018 Nov 11.
Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Ciudad de México 14000, Mexico.
SPECT/CT images in patients have demonstrated the ability of [Tc]Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-Lys(Nal)-Urea-Glu ([Tc]Tc-iPSMA) to detect tumors and metastases of prostate cancer. Considering that theranostics combines the potential of therapeutic and diagnostic radionuclides in the same molecular probe, the aim of this research was to estimate the biokinetics and dosimetry of Lu-DOTA-HYNIC-Lys(Nal)-Urea-Glu (Lu-iPSMA) in healthy subjects and analyze the response in patients receiving Lu-iPSMA therapeutic doses. Lu-iPSMA was obtained from lyophilized formulations with radiochemical purities >98%. Read More
Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Oct 4;7(13). Epub 2018 Oct 4.
School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.
Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a Gram-negative fish pathogen responsible for visceral granular disease in large yellow croaker, . Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a verified virulent strain, XSDHY-P, that was isolated from spleen tissue of a diseased large yellow croaker. Read More
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev 2018 Dec 1;11:167-179. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a mutation (E6V) in the hemoglobin (Hb) β-chain that induces polymerization of Hb tetramers, red blood cell deformation, ischemia, anemia, and multiple organ damage. Gene therapy is a potential alternative to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, available to a minority of patients. We developed a lentiviral vector expressing a β-globin carrying three anti-sickling mutations (T87Q, G16D, and E22A) inhibiting axial and lateral contacts in the HbS polymer, under the control of the β-globin promoter and a reduced version of the β-globin locus-control region. Read More
PeerJ 2018 30;6:e5997. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China.
Background: () type C is the most common bacteria causing piglet diarrheal disease and it greatly affects the economy of the global pig industry. The spleen is an important immune organ in mammals; it plays an irreplaceable role in resisting and eradicating pathogenic microorganisms. Based on different immune capacity in piglets, individuals display the resistance and susceptibility to diarrhea caused by type C. Read More
Case Rep Med 2018 5;2018:4628439. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology characterized by presence of noncaseating granulomas in the involved organs. The pulmonary interstitium is most commonly affected but extrapulmonary involvement can occur in almost any other organ system. Such an involvement can occur with or without the presence of pulmonary involvement, but isolated extrapulmonary involvement has been noted only in around 10% of cases. Read More
Vet World 2018 Nov 29;11(10):1510-1515. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
Aim: The aim of this work was to detect chicken B-cell marker 6 () gene in some native breeds in Egypt and find the relationship between founded genes in these different breeds to determine the resistance of native Egyptian breeds of chicken to Marek's disease (MD).
Materials And Methods: A total of 14 different chicken breeds (30 each) including ten native breeds in addition to SPF Lohmann, High Line, Bovans, and Roodiland were used. Blood samples were collected for the detection of () by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and sequenced to determine the presence or absence of 6 gene. Read More
Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1320-1324
Chungnam National University - Veterinary Internal Medicine, 99 Daehakro, gung dong Yu-seong gu, Deajeon 305-764, Republic of Korea (Seo, Hong, An); IDEXX Laboratories Ringgold standard institution, Westbrook, Maine, USA (Lee); University of California Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Ringgold standard institution, 2112 Tupper Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA (Rebhun).
A 20-month-old castrated male Korean shorthair cat was presented with a 3-week history of intermittent vomiting and anorexia, absolute erythrocytosis, and elevated erythropoietin levels. A diagnosis of splenic hemangiosarcoma was made by histopathology and immunohistochemical identification of factor VIII. Paraneoplastic erythrocytosis caused by a splenic hemangiosarcoma in a cat is described. Read More
PLoS One 2018 7;13(12):e0208861. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolism of the spleen, bone marrow (BM), and liver from preoperative F-18 FDG PET/CT scans for the prediction of recurrence in breast cancer.
Methods: We retrospectively included 153 patients diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast who underwent preoperative F-18 FDG PET/CT scan and a curative operation. The mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) of the spleen, liver, and BM and maximum SUV (SUVmax) of primary tumors were measured. Read More
J Vis Exp 2018 Nov 26(141). Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, OVGU University of Magdeburg;
Marginal zone B cells (MZBs) are a population of B cells that reside in the mouse splenic marginal zones that envelop follicles. To reach the follicles, MZBs must migrate up the shear force of blood flow. We present here a method for analyzing this flow-induced MZB migration in vitro. Read More
Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;19:1463-1466. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Internal Medicine, Haga Teaching Hospital, Hague, Netherlands.
BACKGROUND This is a case report of a male patient who presented with a history of right flank pain based on renal infarction. Initially the symptoms were misdiagnosed as acute pyelonephritis. CASE REPORT A 47-year-old male with a history of familial hypercholesterolemia and cerebral infarction presented at the Emergency Department with a 3-day history of acute right-sided flank pain. Read More
Int J Mycobacteriol 2018 Oct-Dec;7(4):397-398
Department of Cytology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Dis Aquat Organ 2018 Dec;132(1):57-78
Fish and Wildlife Research Institute, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, St. Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA.
Redfin needlefish Strongylura notata from Florida coastal waters were observed with unusual neoplastic lesions. Affected specimens were collected from 1 Atlantic estuary (Indian River Lagoon, prevalence = 0.32%, n = 5314) and 2 Gulf of Mexico estuaries (Tampa Bay, prevalence = 0. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 30;54:70-74. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, San Fernando Teaching Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago; Department of Clinical Surgical Science, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.
Background: Lymphomas are malignant neoplasms of the lymphocyte cell lines affecting the lymph nodes, spleen and other nonhemopoietic tissues. Of the extranodal lymphomas found in the head and neck region, 3-5% of malignant lymphomas arise in the oral and paraoral region, mainly from Waldeyer's ring. The involvement of the base of the tongue is extremely rare. Read More
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 6;170:246-252. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Aquaculture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Sichuan 611130, China.
Cadmium (Cd) pollution is an important issue affecting the food safety of aquatic products. Cd can impair the immune system and cause irreversible damage to fish and other aquatic organisms. The immunoprotection activities of exogenous metallothionein (MT) and vitamin E (VE) were investigated in Cd poisoned grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, in the present study. Read More
Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
National Engineering Research Center of Marine Facilities Aquaculture, College of Marine science, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan, 316022, China. Electronic address:
In this study, we identified and characterized a tripartite motif containing 25 (TRIM25) gene homologue, LcTRIM25, from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). Two isoforms of LcTRIM25, which were generated via alternative splicing, were identified via a molecular analysis of cDNA clones. The long isoform of LcTRIM25 (termed as LcTRIM25-L) contained the full open reading frame of the gene, encoded a protein of 698 amino acid residues, and possessed 11 exons. Read More
J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
School of Preclinical Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address:
Ethnopharmacological Relevance: In traditional Chinese medicine, supplementing Qi and strengthening body resistance are an important principle of anticancer treatment. Panax ginseng C.A. Read More
Gene 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002), China. Electronic address:
Disease causes large economic losses to the pig industry worldwidely, immunity plays an important role in the process of resistance to disease. In the present study, to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying different levels of disease resistance, we obtained the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles from the spleens of three groups of sows, including 180-day-old Queshan Black (Q-F), 3-day-old Yorkshire (Y-N) and 180-day-old Yorkshire (Y-F) pigs. The results showed that 85 miRNAs and 5093 genes were differentially expressed in Y-F vs Y-N, and 20 miRNAs and 1283 genes were differentially expressed in Q-F vs Y-F. Read More
Mol Immunol 2018 Dec 6;105:173-180. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China. Electronic address:
CD40 ligand (CD40 L) expressed by activated T cells interacts with CD40 on B cells and triggers B cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. Deficiency in CD40 L or CD40 in humans causes hyper IgM syndrome due to a defect in T-B interaction that is essential for Ig gene class switch recombination (CSR). CD40 L belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family and normally forms a homotrimer on the cell surface, which is important for its biological activity. Read More
Dig Liver Dis 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Longgang ENT Hospital, Institute of ENT and Shenzhen Key Laboratory of ENT, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:
Aim: To investigate whether the intrarectal administration of the ubiquitin E3 ligase A20 (A20) attenuates intestinal inflammation and influences regulatory T cells in experimental colitis.
Methods: A dextran sulfate sodium induced chronic colitis mouse model was established. The symptoms and manifestations of colitis and the severity of colonic mucosal inflammation were evaluated. Read More
J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Capa-Fatih/Istanbul, Turkey.
Purpose: To determine technical feasibility and results of stent-assisted coiling of visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) with self-expandable LEO PLUS neurointerventional stent.
Materials And Methods: In this retrospective study, 11 consecutive patients (mean age 61.9 y ± 8. Read More
Phys Med 2018 Dec 22;56:41-49. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Institut Jules Bordet-Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), 121 boulevard de Waterloo, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:
Purpose: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with Lu-DOTATATE has become a standard treatment modality in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). No consensus has yet been reached however regarding the absorbed dose threshold for lesion response, the absorbed dose limit to organs-at-risk, and the optimal fractionation and activity to be administered. This is partly due to a lack of uniform and comparable dosimetry protocols. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 29;54:42-46. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Mucormycosis is a life threatening fungal infection that occurs in immunocompromised patients.
Presentation Of Case: A 36-year-old Saudi male with known case of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), who was presented with productive cough and diarrhea. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a disseminated fungal invasion of the lungs and spleen with invading the fundus of the stomach. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3;110:302-311. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
College of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, PR China; Sichuan Neo-Green Pharmaceutical Technology Development Co., Ltd, Chengdu 610081, PR China. Electronic address:
Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Er Shen Wan (ESW), has been empirically used for treating spleen-kidney Yang deficiency (SKYD) syndrome in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries and shows a variety of activities. The medicinal formula is a mixture of two component herbs, Psoraleae Fructus (PF, Bu-Gu-Zhi in Chinese) and Myristicae Semen (MS, Rou-Dou-Kou in Chinese). The current study was designed to evaluate ESWP antidiuretic treatment of polyuria and to explore potential mechanisms of renal water metabolism in the rat model of SKYD-induced diarrhea. Read More
Antiviral Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute for Antiviral Research, Utah State University, Logan, UT, United States; Department of Animal, Dairy and Veterinary Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, UT, United States; Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Logan, UT, United States. Electronic address:
Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a non-polio enterovirus that affects the respiratory system and can cause serious complications, especially in children and older people with weakened immune systems. As an emerging virus, there are no current antiviral therapies or vaccines available. Our goal was to develop a mouse model of human EV-D68 infection that mimicked the disease observed in humans and could be used for evaluation of experimental therapeutics. Read More
FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201801463R. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC) Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 7178, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
Bone loss and immune dysregulation are among the main adverse outcomes of spaceflight challenging astronaut's health and safety. However, consequences on B-cell development and responses are still under-investigated. To fill this gap, we used advanced proteomics analysis of femur bone and marrow to compare mice flown for 1 mo on board the BION-M1 biosatellite, followed or not by 1 wk of recovery on Earth, to control mice kept on Earth. Read More
Biomol Ther (Seoul) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Biological Sciences, Research Institute of Women's Health and Cellular Heterogeneity Research Center, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul 04310, Republic of Korea.
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) that are able to suppress T cell function are a heterogeneous cell population frequently observed in cancer, infection, and autoimmune disease. Immune checkpoint molecules, such as programmed death 1 (PD-1) expressed on T cells and its ligand (PD-L1) expressed on tumor cells or antigen-presenting cells, have received extensive attention in the past decade due to the dramatic effects of their inhibitors in patients with various types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the expression of PD-1 on MDSCs in bone marrow, spleen, and tumor tissue derived from breast tumor-bearing mice. Read More
Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 6:e1800985. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
R. Pei, D. A. Martin, J. C. Valdez, J. Liu, B. W. Bolling, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Food Science,, 1605 Linden Dr., Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
Scope: Increased fruit consumption is associated with reduced risk of colitis. We investigated whether the anti-colitic effects of the polyphenol-rich aronia berry (Aronia mitschurinii 'Viking') were mediated through Th17 and Treg.
Methods And Results: Colitis was induced in recombinase activating gene-1 deficient mice injected with syngeneic CD4 CD62L naïve T cells. Read More