13 results match your criteria Spider Envenomation Redback

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Redback spider bites in children in South Australia: A 10-year review of antivenom effectiveness.

Emerg Med Australas 2022 Apr 23;34(2):230-236. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Paediatric Emergency Department, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: To describe the South Australian paediatric redback spider bite experience and to examine the hypothesis that redback antivenom (RBAV) treatment in children is clinically effective.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of all children under 18 years of age presenting to the EDs of the three major paediatric or mixed hospitals in Adelaide, South Australia, with a discharge diagnosis of redback spider envenomation between 1 January 2010 and 31 March 2020. The main outcome measures include: patient and bite demographics; presenting symptoms and signs; treatment provided; clinical effects at 2 h post RBAV administration on pain, diaphoresis, blood pressure, heart rate and systemic features; overall clinical impression of RBAV effectiveness and resolution of symptoms prior to discharge. Read More

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Clinical Serum Therapy: Benefits, Cautions, and Potential Applications.

Keio J Med 2017 Dec 28;66(4):57-64. Epub 2017 Apr 28.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Blood serum from immunized humans or animals (e.g., horses) contains relevant antibodies and has been used as serum therapy to treat many diseases or envenomation events. Read More

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December 2017

Randomized controlled trial of intravenous antivenom versus placebo for latrodectism: the second Redback Antivenom Evaluation (RAVE-II) study.

Ann Emerg Med 2014 Dec 3;64(6):620-8.e2. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

Centre for Clinical Research in Emergency Medicine, Harry Perkins Institute for Medical Research and the University of Western Australia, and the Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Study Objective: Latrodectism is the most important spider envenomation syndrome worldwide. There remains considerable controversy over antivenom treatment. We aimed to investigate whether antivenom resulted in resolution of pain and systemic effects in patients with latrodectism who received standardized analgesia. Read More

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December 2014

An irritable infant and the runaway redback: an instructive case.

Case Rep Emerg Med 2011 28;2011:125740. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

Canberra Hospital, P.O. Box 11, Woden, ACT 2606, Australia.

The envenomation syndrome of Redback spider bites, lactrodectism, is distinctive. However diagnosis can be difficult due to an atypical presentation. We describe the case of a 1 year old boy with irritability, diaphoresis and reduced oral intake, in whom a diagnosis was made of redback spider bite. Read More

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January 2013

Latrodectism in New Caledonia: first report of presumed redback spider (Latrodectus hasselti) envenomation.

Wilderness Environ Med 2009 ;20(4):339-43

SAMU/SMUR/SAU/UHCD (Emergency Department), Centre Hospitalier Territorial de Nouvelle-Calédonie, BP J5, 98849, Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia.

We describe a recent case of presumed redback spider (Latrodectus hasselti) envenomation observed near Noumea in New Caledonia. This is the first local reported case in this archipelago, where L. hasselti is currently considered a native species. Read More

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Spider bite--the redback spider and its relatives.

Aust Fam Physician 2004 Mar;33(3):153-7

Epworth Hospital, Sunshine Hospital, Australian Venom Research Unit, Department of Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Victoria.

Background: Redback spider bite is thought to be the commonest serious spider bite in Australia. The treatment for the envenomation syndrome it causes, termed 'latrodectism', is the most frequently used antivenom in Australia. Several cases of a 'latrodectism-like' illness after cupboard spider bites ('steatodism') have also appeared to respond to redback antivenom. Read More

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Latrodectism: a prospective cohort study of bites by formally identified redback spiders.

Med J Aust 2003 Jul;179(2):88-91

Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, Level 5, Clinical Sciences Building, Newcastle Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Waratah, NSW 2298.

Objective: To determine the spectrum of severity and early diagnostic predictors of redback spider bites (Latrodectus hasselti), and to examine the effect of intramuscular redback antivenom.

Design And Setting: Prospective cohort study of calls to New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australian poisons information centres and presentations to Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and Royal Darwin Hospital emergency departments.

Patients: 68 people with definite redback spider bites in which the spider was immediately collected and expertly identified (1 February 1999 to 30 April 2002). Read More

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Antivenom treatment in arachnidism.

J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 2003 ;41(3):291-300

Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle and Newcastle Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Envenomation by arachnids causes significant medical illness worldwide. Scorpion sting is the most important arachnid envenomation causing adult morbidity and pediatric mortality. Important groups of spiders include the widow spiders (Latrodectus spp. Read More

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Neutralization of Latrodectus mactans and L. hesperus venom by redback spider (L. hasseltii) antivenom.

J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 2001 ;39(2):119-23

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center-Denver Health Authority, Denver, Colorado, USA.

Objective: To test the effectiveness of L. hasseltii (redback spider) antivenom in neutralizing the lethal effects of L. hesperus and L. Read More

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Spider bite. A rational approach.

Aust Fam Physician 1997 Dec;26(12):1380-5

Australian Venom Research Unit, Cabrini Private Hospital.

Background: Spider bite is one of the most common envenomation problems in Australia. Australia is home to two spiders of major medical importance; the Sydney funnel web spider and the redback spider.

Objective: This paper describes the features of envenomation and discusses treatment for bites by the Sydney funnel web spider and the redback spider. Read More

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December 1997

Delayed diagnosis of red-back spider envenomation: a timely reminder.

A F Brown

Med J Aust 1989 Dec 4-18;151(11-12):705-6

Royal Perth Hospital, WA.

A case of the delayed diagnosis of envenomation by the redback spider (Latrodectus mactans hasselti) is reported. The common and more unusual presentations then are discussed, together with treatment guide-lines, and comparison is made with the management of latrodectism in the United States as a result of envenomation by the black-widow spider. Read More

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January 1990
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