2,581 results match your criteria Spatial Neglect


How effective and safe are non-drug treatments for spatial neglect following non-progressive brain injury? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.

Authors:
Vanessa M Young

NeuroRehabilitation 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, ArizonaState University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Background: Around 30% of stroke survivors experience spatial neglect. Spatial neglect hinders rehabilitation outcomes and increases the risk of injury. Non-pharmacological interventions are available, yet their efficacy is unknown. Read More

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Brain stimulation can reduce unilateral spatial neglect after stroke: ELETRON trial.

Ann Neurol 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Applied Physical Therapy, Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Background: Rehabilitation top-down techniques based on brain stimulation present variable outcomes in unilateral spatial neglect (USN) after stroke. This study aimed to examine the effects of physical therapy after anodal and cathodal direct current stimulation (A-tDCS and C-tDCS, respectively) to improve visuospatial and functional impairments in individuals with USN after stroke.

Methods: This double-blinded, pilot randomized clinical trial enrolled patients with USN after ischemic stroke. Read More

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A Dynamic Convolution Kernel Generation Method Based on Regularized Pattern for Image Super-Resolution.

Sensors (Basel) 2022 Jun 1;22(11). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Institute of Systems Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119615, Singapore.

Image super-resolution aims to reconstruct a high-resolution image from its low-resolution counterparts. Conventional image super-resolution approaches share the same spatial convolution kernel for the whole image in the upscaling modules, which neglect the specificity of content information in different positions of the image. In view of this, this paper proposes a regularized pattern method to represent spatially variant structural features in an image and further exploits a dynamic convolution kernel generation method to match the regularized pattern and improve image reconstruction performance. Read More

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Machine learning algorithms on eye tracking trajectories to classify patients with spatial neglect.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2022 Jun 1;221:106929. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Center for Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence, Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines, McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Eye-movement trajectories are rich behavioral data, providing a window on how the brain processes information. We address the challenge of characterizing signs of visuo-spatial neglect from saccadic eye trajectories recorded in brain-damaged patients with spatial neglect as well as in healthy controls during a visual search task.

Methods: We establish a standardized pre-processing pipeline adaptable to other task-based eye-tracker measurements. Read More

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Impacts of Prism Adaptation Treatment on Spatial Neglect and Rehabilitation Outcome: Dosage Matters.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2022 Jun 8:15459683221107891. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Neurology, 1371Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

We examined whether number of prism adaptation treatment (PAT) sessions in regular clinical practice would predict spatial neglect (SN) improvement and rehabilitation outcomes. We reviewed clinical records from 16 U.S. Read More

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Disconnections in personal neglect.

Brain Struct Funct 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

NPSY-Lab.VR, Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, Lungadige Porta Vittoria, 17, 37129, Verona, Italy.

Personal neglect is a disorder in the perception and representation of the body that causes the patients to behave as if the contralesional side of their body does not exist. This clinical condition has not been adequately investigated in the past as it has been considered a symptom of unilateral spatial neglect, which has mainly been studied with reference to extrapersonal space. Only a few studies with small samples have investigated the neuroanatomical correlates of personal neglect, and these have mainly focused on discrete cortical lesions and modular accounts, as well as being based on the hypothesis that this disorder is associated with somatosensory and spatial deficits. Read More

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Virtual reality for the assessment and rehabilitation of neglect: where are we now? A 6-year review update.

Virtual Real 2022 May 30:1-42. Epub 2022 May 30.

Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Lab, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, Italy.

Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is a frequent repercussion of a cerebrovascular accident, typically a stroke. USN patients fail to orient their attention to the contralesional side to detect auditory, visual, and somatosensory stimuli, as well as to collect and purposely use this information. Traditional methods for USN assessment and rehabilitation include paper-and-pencil procedures, which address cognitive functions as isolated from other aspects of patients' functioning within a real-life context. Read More

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Predicting the prognosis of unilateral spatial neglect using magnetic resonance imaging in patients with stroke: A systematic review.

Brain Res 2022 Aug 26;1789:147954. Epub 2022 May 26.

Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Accurate prognosis prediction of unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is clinically important for identifying patients with potentially poor recovery who require more intensive rehabilitation and early interdisciplinary support for residual disabilities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based neuroimaging can provide clinicians with high-quality and high-resolution neuroanatomical information from the aspects of neuroanatomy, integrity of the neural tract, and neural functional connectivity. Although the application of MRI is expected beneficial for the prognosis prediction of USN, there is still no systematic review of its usefulness, and it has not been standardized in the field of stroke rehabilitation. Read More

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Splenial Callosal Disconnection in Right Hemianopic Patients Induces Right Visual-Spatial Neglect.

Brain Sci 2022 May 12;12(5). Epub 2022 May 12.

Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada.

Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarction involving occipital cortical damage can give rise to contralateral homonymous hemianopia. Here, we report two rare cases of patients with lesions in the left hemisphere PCA territory who developed right visuo-spatial neglect. One patient suffered right hemianopia and right visuo-spatial neglect after a stroke that damaged the left primary visual cortex and the callosal splenial fibers. Read More

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Population spatialization at building scale based on residential population index-A case study of Qingdao city.

PLoS One 2022 26;17(5):e0269100. Epub 2022 May 26.

College of Geodesy and Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Shandong, China.

The study of population spatialization has provided important basic data for urban planning, development, environment and other issues. With the development of urbanization, urban residential buildings are getting higher and higher, and the difference between urban and rural population density is getting larger and larger. At present, most population spatial studies adopt the grid scale, and the population in buildings is evenly divided into various grids, which will lead to the neglect of the population distribution in vertical space, and the authenticity is not strong. Read More

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Rehabilitation of hemispatial neglect in stroke.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Apr;72(4):779-781

Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Hemi-spatial neglect (HSN) is a debilitating post stroke cognitive deficit resulting in reduced attention to stimuli presented in the contra-lateral hemi-visual field. It adversely impacts patient's medical recovery, activities of daily living and quality of life. Early referral to Rehabilitation Medicine specialist for thorough evaluation, prompt recognition of functional impairments and formulation of a comprehensive rehabilitation plan unique to patient is important. Read More

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Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Multimodal Audio-Tactile Cueing in Patients With Spatial Attention Deficits: Pilot Usability Study.

JMIR Serious Games 2022 May 25;10(2):e34884. Epub 2022 May 25.

Gerontechnology & Rehabilitation Group, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Virtual reality (VR) devices are increasingly being used in medicine and other areas for a broad spectrum of applications. One of the possible applications of VR involves the creation of an environment manipulated in a way that helps patients with disturbances in the spatial allocation of visual attention (so-called hemispatial neglect). One approach to ameliorate neglect is to apply cross-modal cues (ie, cues in sensory modalities other than the visual one, eg, auditory and tactile) to guide visual attention toward the neglected space. Read More

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Effect of acupuncture on unilateral spatial neglect after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Geriatr Nurs 2022 May 14;46:13-20. Epub 2022 May 14.

Nursing College, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.1 Qiu Yang Road, Shangjie, Minhou, Fuzhou, Fujian 350122, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To systematically evaluate the effects of acupuncture in patients with unilateral spatial neglect (USN) after stroke.

Data Sources: Relevant English- and Chinese- language studies published until 12th February 2022, were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, China Scientific Journals Database (VIP), SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science and OVID.

Review Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of acupuncture in patients with USN after stroke were included. Read More

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An approach for monitoring temperature on fruit surface by means of thermal point cloud.

MethodsX 2022 26;9:101712. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Informatics VII-Robotics and Telematics, Julius-Maximilians-University Würzburg, Würzburg 97074, Germany.

Heat and excessive solar radiation can produce abiotic stresses during apple maturation, resulting fruit quality. Therefore, the monitoring of temperature on fruit surface (FST) over the growing period can allow to identify thresholds, above of which several physiological disorders such as sunburn may occur in apple. The current approaches neglect spatial variation of FST and have reduced repeatability, resulting in unreliable predictions. Read More

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Recent trends in telerehabilitation of stroke patients: A narrative review.

NeuroRehabilitation 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

National University of Science and Technology "MISiS", Moscow, Russia.

Background: Stroke is the main reason for disabilities worldwide leading to motor dysfunction, spatial neglect and cognitive problems, aphasia, and other speech-language pathologies, reducing the life quality. To overcome disabilities, telerehabilitation (TR) has been recently introduced.

Objective: The aim of this review was to analyze current TR approaches for stroke patients' recovery. Read More

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Improved drug-target interaction prediction with intermolecular graph transformer.

Brief Bioinform 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Microsoft Research Asia, Beijing, 100080, China.

The identification of active binding drugs for target proteins (referred to as drug-target interaction prediction) is the key challenge in virtual screening, which plays an essential role in drug discovery. Although recent deep learning-based approaches achieve better performance than molecular docking, existing models often neglect topological or spatial of intermolecular information, hindering prediction performance. We recognize this problem and propose a novel approach called the Intermolecular Graph Transformer (IGT) that employs a dedicated attention mechanism to model intermolecular information with a three-way Transformer-based architecture. Read More

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Endpoints and viewpoints on spatial neglect.

J Neuropsychol 2022 Jun 4;16(2):299-305. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

In this issue of the Journal of Neuropsychology, Abe and Ishiai (2022) report an experiment designed to probe the subjective experience of line bisection in neglect. A re-analysis of their data can also offer insights into how best to characterise neglect performance for this and other tasks. We show that sensitive measures of neglect can be obtained by quantifying the difference in the influence (or 'weighting') that each endpoint has on the response. Read More

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Acute Occupational Therapy for a Patient with Unilateral Spatial Neglect and Difficulty in Tool Manipulation: A Case Report.

Prog Rehabil Med 2022 13;7:20220020. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background: There are no reports on the therapeutic application of perceptive exploration activity in patients with unilateral spatial neglect (USN). This study monitored the course of acute occupational therapy using perceptive exploration activities in a patient with USN who had difficulty in manipulating tools for daily living after a stroke.

Case: A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for conservative treatment of hemiparesis and USN caused by stroke. Read More

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Towards realistic predictions of microplastic fiber transport in aquatic environments: Secondary motions.

Water Res 2022 Jun 19;218:118476. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

The Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China.

Microplastics fibers are abundant in aquatic environments and are an emerging environmental threat. Understanding how fibers are transported in aquatic environments is essential for identifying pollution hotspots and developing remediation strategies. Over recent years, an increasing number of drag models have been proposed to describe the transport of microplastics in aquatic environments. Read More

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SIM reconstruction framework for high-speed multi-dimensional super-resolution imaging.

Opt Express 2022 Mar;30(7):10877-10898

Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) holds great promise for live cell imaging applications due to its potential to obtain multidimensional information such as intensity, spectrum and polarization (I, λ , p) at high spatial-temporal resolution, enabling the observation of more complex dynamic interactions between subcellular structures. However, the reconstruction results of polarized samples are prone to artifacts because all current SIM reconstruction frameworks use incomplete imaging models which neglect polarization modulation. Such polarization-related artifacts are especially prevalent for SIM reconstruction using a reduced number of raw images (RSIM) and severely undermine the ability of SIM to capture multi-dimensional information. Read More

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Walking through a narrow opening improves collision avoidance behavior in a patient with stroke and unilateral spatial neglect: an ABA single-case design.

Neurocase 2022 Apr 24;28(2):149-157. Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Department of Health Promotion Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan.

We investigated the effect of a 3-week intervention-wherein a patient with unilateral spatial neglect walks through a narrow opening while entering from the contralesional side-to improve walking ability or ADL. A 66-year-old man was diagnosed with right parietal subcortical hemorrhage. We used an ABA single-case design; period B was set as the intervention. Read More

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The orienting response drives pseudoneglect-Evidence from an objective pupillometric method.

Cortex 2022 06 2;151:259-271. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Spatial attention is generally slightly biased leftward ("pseudoneglect"), a phenomenon typically assessed with paper-and-pencil tasks, limited by the requirement of explicit responses and the inability to assess on a subsecond timescale. Pseudoneglect is often stable within experiments, but differs vastly between investigations and is sometimes directed to the left, sometimes to the right. To date, no exhaustive explanation to this phenomenon has been provided. Read More

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Aftereffects to Prism Exposure without Adaptation: A Single Case Study.

Brain Sci 2022 Apr 5;12(4). Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy.

Visuo-motor adaptation to optical prisms ( PA), displacing the visual scene laterally, is a behavioral method used for the experimental investigation of visuomotor plasticity, and, in clinical settings, for temporarily ameliorating and rehabilitating unilateral spatial neglect. This study investigated the building up of PA, and the presence of the typically occurring subsequent (AEs) in a brain-damaged patient (TMA), suffering from apperceptive agnosia and a right visual half-field defect, with bilateral atrophy of the parieto-occipital cortices, regions involved in PA and AEs. Base-Right prisms and control neutral lenses were used. Read More

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It is spatial neglect syndrome, not only attention deficit! A child with spinal ependymoma post-resection misdiagnosed as having ADHD: Case report.

Clin Case Rep 2022 Apr 15;10(4):e05723. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Child Development Center King Abdullah Abdulaziz University Hospital Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University Riyadh Saudi Arabia.

The neurobehavioral syndrome known as spatial neglect, which could be a result of a brain tumor, is common but difficult to diagnose and manage. This case study describes the evaluation of spatial neglect syndrome psychologically in detail and also builds an initial discussion of the role of the Arabic language, which requires a right-to-left-oriented spatial frame, to understand the severity of the symptoms. We report a case of spatial neglect syndrome after a brain tumor. Read More

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Prism Adaptation Treatment of Spatial Neglect: Feasibility During Inpatient Rehabilitation and Identification of Patients Most Likely to Benefit.

Front Neurol 2022 1;13:803312. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Center for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Atlanta VA Health System, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Objective: Spatial Neglect is prevalent among stroke survivors, yet few treatments have evidence supporting efficacy. This study examines the feasibility of Prism Adaptation Treatment (PAT) within an inpatient rehabilitation facility and the degree by which PAT improves symptoms of spatial neglect and functional independence among sub-acute survivors of right hemispheric stroke.

Design: In this retrospective cohort study, 37 right hemispheric stroke patients were identified as having received at least 4 PAT sessions during their inpatient stay. Read More

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Multidomain cognitive dysfunction after minor stroke suggests generalized disruption of cognitive networks.

Brain Behav 2022 May 14;12(5):e2571. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objective: Although small strokes typically result in "good" functional outcomes, significant cognitive impairment can occur. This longitudinal study examined a cohort of patients with minor stroke to determine the pattern of deficits, evolution over time, and factors associated with outcome.

Methods: Patients admitted to the hospital with their first clinical minor stroke (NIH Stroke Scale [NIHSS] ≤ 10, absence of severe hemiparesis, aphasia, or neglect) were assessed at 1 month post-infarct, and a subset were followed over time (with 6- and 12-month evaluations). Read More

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Group-level stability but individual variability of neurocognitive status after awake resections of right frontal IDH-mutated glioma.

Sci Rep 2022 04 12;12(1):6126. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lariboisière Hospital, AP-HP, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75010, Paris, France.

Awake surgery for low-grade gliomas is currently considered the best procedure to improve the extent of resection and guarantee a "worth living life" for patients, meaning avoiding not only motor but also cognitive deficits. However, tumors located in the right hemisphere, especially in the right frontal lobe, are still rarely operated on in awake condition; one of the reasons possibly being that there is little information in the literature describing the rates and nature of long-lasting neuropsychological deficits following resection of right frontal glioma. To investigate long-term cognitive deficits after awake surgery in right frontal IDH-mutated glioma. Read More

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Current knowledge and practice of post-stroke unilateral spatial neglect rehabilitation: A cross-sectional survey of South African neurorehabilitation physiotherapists.

S Afr J Physiother 2022 30;78(1):1624. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) affects the rehabilitation process leading to poor functional outcomes after stroke. South African physiotherapists' level of uptake of available evidence in USN rehabilitation and the barriers they encounter are not known.

Objectives: To evaluate knowledge, current practice enablers and barriers to USN management in stroke survivors amongst physiotherapists in South Africa. Read More

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Immediate effects of head-mounted display adaptation in cases of unilateral spatial neglect: study of straight-ahead pointing.

J Phys Ther Sci 2022 Apr 8;34(4):290-296. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Rehabilitation, Tokorozawa Central Hospital, Japan.

[Purpose] This study aimed to clarify the effect of an adaptation of a deviation of the visual field in three axes on spatial cognition in patients with unilateral spatial neglect and distorted spatial perception in three dimensions. [Participants and Methods] Fifteen patients with cerebrovascular disease and symptoms of unilateral spatial neglect were included. Forty-eight pointing movements with a camera attached to a head-mounted display changed in three axes were compared with the control condition in which the camera was deflected only in the horizontal plane as with the prism adaptation. Read More

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Minimum detectable change in reaction time to the Posner task due to change in sustained attention.

J Phys Ther Sci 2022 Apr 8;34(4):257-261. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, International University of Health and Welfare Narita Hospital: 852 Hatakeda, Narita, Chiba 286-8520, Japan.

[Purpose] Spatial attention evaluations are beneficial for patients with unilateral spatial neglect or dementia. Thus, such evaluations are crucial among these patients for determining functional disorder extents. The study aimed to determine minimal detectable changes in reaction time to the Posner task among healthy young participants for establishing spatial attention evaluation protocols. Read More

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