4,832 results match your criteria Spasmodic Dysphonia


Inspiratory and Expiratory Flow Changes, Voice Symptoms and Laryngeal Findings during Histamine Challenge Tests.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 24:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Phoniatrics, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the associations between the spirometry parameter changes in relation to laryngeal finding changes and self-reported voice and throat symptom changes among patients undergoing a histamine challenge test.

Patients And Methods: Thirty adult patients with a chronic cough underwent a histamine challenge test. Videolaryngostroboscopy and voice and throat symptoms were assessed using a visual analogue scale immediately before and after the challenge test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495783DOI Listing

Risks of budesonide/formoterol for the treatment of stable COPD: a meta-analysis.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2019 1;14:757-766. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, No. 1 Minde Road, Nanchang, 330006, Jiangxi, China,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the comparative risks of budesonide/formoterol, versus placebo or monotherapies, for the treatment of patients with stable COPD.

Materials And Methods: We undertook a systematic search of the literature in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing budesonide/formoterol with control regimens for the treatment of patients with stable COPD and at least 12 weeks of follow-up, meeting the inclusion criteria. Studies were reviewed, and OR with corresponding 95% CI was used to pool the results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S192166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448539PMC

The effect of voice disorders on lexical tone variation: Exploratory study in an African language.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 Apr 23:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology , University of Pretoria , Pretoria , South Africa.

Purpose: The aim was to determine if the presence of a voice disorder in speakers of Setswana, an African tone language, will negatively impact the accuracy of identification by typical first language judges of words belonging to tonal minimal pairs.

Method: A quasi-experimental between-group comparison and individual case studies were conducted. Five participants with different types and degrees of voice disorders and nine control participants produced 10 tonal minimal word pairs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17549507.2019.1597921DOI Listing

Long-Term Voice and Swallowing Outcomes for Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer Following Primary or Adjuvant Chemoradiation.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Apr 21:3489419842256. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objective: Chemoradiation (CRT) for nonlaryngeal head and neck cancer (HNC) can lead to voice and swallowing dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to examine voice and swallowing from the patient's perspective at least 5 years after treatment.

Design: Patient survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489419842256DOI Listing

Assessing laryngeal function and hypersensitivity.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, SW3 6HP, UK. Electronic address:

The larynx is one of the most highly innervated organs in humans, adapted to simultaneously deliver several key respiratory functions including airway protection, swallowing and phonation. In some individuals the larynx can adopt a state that could be considered 'dysfunctional' or maladaptive; resulting in or contributing to a range of clinical disorders such as chronic refractory cough, inducible laryngeal obstruction (previously termed paradoxical vocal fold movement or vocal cord dysfunction), muscle tension dysphonia and globus pharyngeus. These disorders appear to display significant overlap in clinical symptomology and in many cases have features of concomitant or allied sensory dysfunction; often described as laryngeal hypersensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pupt.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Detection of extra pulses in synthesized glottal area waveforms of dysphonic voices.

Biomed Signal Process Control 2019 Apr;50:158-167

Division of Phoniatrics-Logopedics, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background And Objectives: The description of production kinematics of dysphonic voices plays an important role in the clinical care of voice disorders. However, high-speed videolaryngoscopy is not routinely used in clinical practice, partly because there is a lack of diagnostic markers that may be obtained from high-speed videos automatically. Aim of the study is to propose and test a procedure that automatically detects extra pulses, which may occur in voiced source signals of pathological voices in addition to cyclic pulses. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17468094193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bspc.2019.01.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464090PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Ectopic Thyroid Mass Separately Present in Mediastinum and Not a Retrosternal Extension: A Report of Two Cases.

Case Rep Surg 2019 12;2019:3821767. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Retrosternal extension of goiter is one of the most common types of masses in the superior mediastinum. These types of goiters classically present with compressive symptoms such as dyspnea, dysphonia, dysphagia, or sleep apnea. Surgical treatment with a total thyroidectomy and complete removal of the intrathoracic portion of thyroid is the gold standard treatment. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cris/2019/3821767/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3821767DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434302PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Safety and efficacy of cervical disc arthroplasty in preventing the adjacent segment disease: a meta-analysis of mid- to long-term outcomes in prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter studies.

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2019 28;15:531-539. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Bioengineering, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Technical University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.

Objectives: Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has become an alternative treatment for cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy. This technique preserves appropriate motion at both the index and adjacent disc levels and consequently may prevent adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). The authors performed a meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of CDA to those of the gold standard, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S196349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445235PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The Prevalence of Dysphonia and Dysphagia in Patients with Vitamin D Deficiency.

J Voice 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of phonatory and swallowing symptoms in patients with hypovitaminosis D.

Methods/design: All patients presenting to the endocrinology clinic and investigated for vitamin D deficiency between January 2018 and April 2018 were asked to participate in this study. Demographic data included age, gender, allergy, and history of smoking. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08921997183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Strap Muscle Type I Thyroplasty After Gore-Tex Implant Extrusion: Case Report and Literature Review.

J Voice 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio; College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

Objectives: To discuss the presentation and management techniques of implant extrusion following type I thyroplasty and to illustrate the potential of strap muscle for augmentation following implant removal.

Methods: We report a unique case of a patient with late Gore-Tex implant extrusion after type I thyroplasty treated with removal and autologous strap muscle graft for augmentation.

Results: A 41-year-old female nearly 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Group Voice Therapy Reduces Anxiety in Patients With Dysphonia.

J Voice 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, UFPB, João Pessoa, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the impact of group therapy in patients with dysphonia, as well as to verify the correlation between vocal symptoms and levels of anxiety.

Methods: The study was composed of 52 patients subdivided into two groups, named the Experimental Group (EG) with 28 volunteers and the Control Group (CG) with 24 volunteers. Anxiety and voice protocols were used for data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.003DOI Listing

The Relationship Between Physiological Mechanisms and the Self-Perception of Vocal Effort.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Apr;62(4):815-834

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, MA.

Purpose This study aimed to examine the relationship between a large set of hypothesized physiological measures of vocal effort and self-ratings of vocal effort. Method Twenty-six healthy adults modulated speech rate and vocal effort during repetitions of the utterance /ifi/, followed by self-perceptual ratings of vocal effort on a visual analog scale. Physiological measures included (a) intrinsic laryngeal tension via kinematic stiffness ratios determined from high-speed laryngoscopy, (b) extrinsic suprahyoid and infrahyoid laryngeal tension via normalized percent activations and durations derived from surface electromyography, (c) supraglottal compression via expert visual-perceptual ratings, and (d) subglottal pressure via magnitude of neck surface vibrations from an accelerometer signal. Read More

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http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0205
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0205DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Necrotizing Sialometaplasia of the Hypopharynx.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 9:145561319840826. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, MA, USA.

Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM) is a benign, reactive metaplastic condition of the minor salivary gland tissue typically seen in the setting of injury, chemical or traumatic, and is nonneoplastic and self-limited. The diagnosis may be challenging as it may clinically mimic malignancy. We present the case of a 74-year-old male with a 1 pack per day smoking history for 60 years who presented with a reported 20-pound weight loss, dysphagia, and dysphonia progressing over the course of 6 months and found to have a 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319840826DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Perceptual, Aerodynamic, and Acoustic Characteristics of Voice Changes in Patients with Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 8:145561319840830. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

1 Laboratory of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, UMONS Research Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, University of Mons (UMons), Mons, Belgium.

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is an inflammatory condition suspected to be associated with dysphonia. In this study, we investigated multidimensional perceptual, aerodynamic, and acoustic voice changes in patients with clinically diagnosed LPR compared to healthy participants. We prospectively included 80 outpatients with Reflux Finding Score (RFS) >7 and Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) >13 from September 2013 to April 2016 and we compared clinical and voice quality assessments of these patients with 80 healthy participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319840830DOI Listing

Sleep disordered breathing and dysphonia in a pediatric patient - Laryngeal amyloidosis as an unusual diagnosis.

Authors:
P Coyle N Tan N Jonas

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 26;122:44-46. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatric ENT, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address:

Primary laryngeal amyloidosis is an uncommon condition, and cases in the pediatric population are even rarer. We present a case of a nine year old female patient who presented with sleep disordered breathing and dysphonia to our outpatient clinic. The patient underwent Microlaryngoscopy and Bronchoscopy for diagnosis which identified a large soft tissue mass in the supraglottis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.028DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Multifocal Metastatic Breast Carcinoma to the Thyroid Gland Histologically Mimicking C Cell Lesions.

Case Rep Pathol 2019 10;2019:9890716. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

The thyroid gland is an uncommon site of metastatic disease. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common primary source, while metastasis from breast carcinoma is very rare. However, given that thyroid nodules are more common in women, and women with a history of breast cancer are at higher risk of developing thyroid cancer, the possibility of metastatic breast carcinoma must be considered when evaluating a thyroid nodule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9890716DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431456PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Rhombencephalitis in cocaine-induced nasal septal perforation and skull base erosion.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2019 Jan 24;32(1):82-84. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Radiology, Yale New Haven Health Bridgeport HospitalBridgeportConnecticut.

Rhombencephalitis is a rare and potentially fatal condition involving the brainstem, with infectious, autoimmune, and paraneoplastic etiologies. We present a patient presenting with left-extremity weakness and dysphonia who had brainstem imaging findings suggestive of rhombencephalitis. We suspect that the case was due to inoculation of the brainstem from nasopharyngeal adenoviral infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2018.1536586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442913PMC
January 2019

A Tutorial of the Effects of Sex Hormones on Laryngeal Senescence and Neuromuscular Response to Exercise.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):602-610

Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, New York University, New York.

Purpose The purpose of this tutorial is to summarize how sex hormones affect both laryngeal senescence and neuromuscular response to exercise, highlighting the importance of considering sex differences in developing treatment for the senescent voice. Conclusion Men and women's voices are sexually dimorphic throughout the life span, including during the laryngeal adaptations observed during senescence. Therefore, presbyphonia (age-related dysphonia) likely clinically manifests differently for men and women due to differences in how the male and the female larynx change in response to aging. Read More

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http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0179
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0179DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Massed Versus Spaced Practice in Vocology: Effect of a Short-Term Intensive Voice Therapy Versus a Long-Term Traditional Voice Therapy.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):611-630

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Research group: Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium.

Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a short-term intensive voice therapy (IVT) with a long-term traditional voice therapy (TVT) on the vocal quality, vocal capacities, psychosocial impact, vocal tract discomfort, laryngological anatomy/physiology, and session attendance of patients with dysphonia. An additional comparison was made between an individual IVT (IVT-I) and a group IVT (IVT-G). Method A longitudinal, prospective controlled trial was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0013DOI Listing

Secondary Voice Outcomes of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Two Head/Neck Strengthening Exercises in Healthy Older Adults: A Preliminary Report.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Feb;62(2):318-323

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University,West Lafayette, IN.

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate secondary voice outcomes and detraining effects of 2 head and neck strengthening exercises, which have been used in swallowing rehabilitation, that is, the head-lift exercise (HLE) and the recline exercise (RE), in healthy older adults. Method Twenty-seven healthy older adults (between 60 and 85 years of age) were randomized to perform either the RE or the HLE for a 6-week period. Isometric and isokinetic portions of the exercise were performed 3 times daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436891PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Intervention Outcomes of Two Treatments for Muscle Tension Dysphonia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Feb;62(2):272-282

Clinical Center for Voice Care, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

Purpose The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that stretch-and-flow voice therapy (SnF) is noninferior to resonant voice therapy (RVT) for speakers with muscle tension dysphonia. Method Participants with primary muscle tension dysphonia were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups. Participants received 6 sessions of either SnF or RVT for 6 weeks (1 session per week). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-S-18-0118DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Analysis of the prevalence and onset of dysphonia and dysphagia symptoms in movement disorders at an academic medical center.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Neurology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Voice and swallowing impairments are common in movement disorders, but their effect on patients' quality of life is not well known. This study was conducted to determine the onset and prevalence of patient-reported dysphonia and dysphagia symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), dystonia, Atypical Parkinsonian Syndromes (APS), and Essential Tremor (ET). Patients referred to a movement disorders clinic in a tertiary care academic medical center completed validated voice and swallowing specific Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaires: Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.03.043DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of dysphagia in patients with muscle tension dysphonia.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Apr 5:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,American University of Beirut Medical Center,Lebanon.

Background: It is hypothesised that patients with muscle tension dysphonia have a high prevalence of dysphagia in comparison to normative values reported in the literature.

Methods: This prospective study included 44 subjects diagnosed with muscle tension dysphonia, based on symptoms and laryngoscopic findings, and 25 control subjects with no history of dysphonia and normal laryngeal examination findings. Demographic data included age, gender and smoking history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000513DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Laryngeal Actinomycosis: A Rare Cause of Dysphonia.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 4:145561319838429. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319838429DOI Listing

Symptoms and Signs, Staging and Co-Morbidity of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:15-26. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom,

Early throat symptoms are common and a diagnosis of hypopharyngeal cancer rare; therefore, confirming or excluding a serious diagnosis is missed or overlooked by both the patient and the practitioner - however, symptoms such as throat clearing and food sticking, which persist in adult patients who have the social habit of tobacco usage and/or drink excessive alcohol should be examined by a specialist to exclude the presence of hypopharyngeal cancer. Late symptoms/signs include neck swelling (uni- or bilateral), dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, dysphonia, dyspnoea and stridor. Associated with advancing age and social habits, many patients have co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus, respiratory, cardiovascular disease and behavioural health disorders that play a major role in selecting the optimal treatment and thus a likely worse long-term outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492304DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

An update on speech pathology management of chronic refractory cough.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences Department, University of Montana, Montana, USA.

Chronic cough is a common, debilitating condition that can persist for years with little relief from medical treatment. Speech pathology treatment is an effective treatment option for patients with chronic cough. This review outlines current speech pathology assessment and treatment for chronic cough and describes the evidence supporting the intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.03.030DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[The foreign body in the larynx in a year old child].

Authors:
D M Mustafaev

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(1):82-83

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute, Moscow, Russia, 129110.

The purpose is: description of clinical observation - successful removal of a foreign body (diode lamp) from the larynx in a child aged one year. Despite the large size of the aspirated object and its localization at the level of the glottis child is breathing through the natural airway. The foreign body was removed through natural ways, with direct laryngoscopy, avoiding the complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20198401182DOI Listing
January 2019

[Acute and chronic laryngitis in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(1):68-71

Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose and Speech, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 190013.

Laryngitis is one of the commonest causes of dysphonia in the subjects engaged in the voice and speech professions. This condition can be either associated with the professional activities or related to voice fatigue. It is a common practice to distinguish between acute and chronic forms of occupational laryngitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20198401168DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Atypical somatosensory-motor cortical response during vowel vocalization in spasmodic dysphonia.

Clin Neurophysiol 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Human Sensorimotor Control Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, United States.

Objective: Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a debilitating voice/speech disorder without an effective cure. To obtain a better understanding of the underlying cortical neural mechanism of the disease we analyzed electroencephalographic (EEG) signals of people with SD during voice production.

Method: Ten SD individuals and 10 healthy volunteers produced 50 vowel vocalization epochs of 2500 ms duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Adaptation and Validation of Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI) to Malayalam Language.

J Voice 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to translate and validate the English version of the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI) in to Malayalam language.

Methods: The English version of the VFI was translated into Malayalam language using parallel back translation. The translated version was content validated by three qualified Speech Language Pathologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Perceptual Judgment of Voice Quality in Nondysphonic French Speakers: Effect of Task-, Speaker- and Listener-Related Variables.

J Voice 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie (LPP), UMR 7018CNRS/ILPGA, Université Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, France.

Purpose: Several perceptual scales have been developed to assess voice quality in dysphonic voices, among which the Grade Roughness Breathiness Asthenia Strain and a Rate of Dysphonia scale is probably the most frequently used. However, this clinical tool has not been properly validated with a normophonic population yet. The aim of the present study was to provide a first set of reference data gathered from a normal population, to serve as a basis of comparison for vocologists and laryngologists working with French-speaking patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.02.013DOI Listing

Prevalence, Characteristics and Impact of Dysphonia in US Marine Corps Drill Instructors.

J Voice 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California. Electronic address:

Importance: Prior studies have evaluated various populations at increased risk of voice impairment. However, minimal data is available for military Drill Instructors, a population known to have significant vocal demands.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of subjective, perceptual, and objective dysphonia in this population and to evaluate contributing factors and impact on job performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.02.015DOI Listing

Presbylaryngis: a state-of-the-art review.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Purpose Of Review: Presbylaryngis is the term used to describe changes in the larynx with ageing. It represents an increasingly common complaint as global populations continue to grow and get older. Presbylaryngis has a significantly negative impact on patients' quality of life and their ability to participate in society. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00020840-900000000-9920
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000540DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

The influence of kinesiotaping on the loosening of the laryngeal muscles in hyperfunctional dysphones.

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Dec;73(2):6-10

Światowe Centrum Słuchu Instytutu Fizjologii i Patologii Słuchu.

Introduction: Hyperfunctional dysfunction is one of the most common functional dysphonia, cha-racterized by voice insufficiency with excessive tightening of the muscles inside and outside the larynx during phonation. To make the treatment process more effective, new ways of rehabilitation are constantly being sought and developed. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effectiveness of laryngotaping - an innovative method of taping around the larynx and neck muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.7890DOI Listing
December 2018

[Symptomatic vallecular cyst in adults: about 4 cases].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 18;31:36. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Service d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale, CHU Tahar Sfar, Mahdia, Tunisie.

Symptomatic vallecular cyst is a rare benign lesion. These cysts are often asymptomatic in the adult. We here report 4 cases of symptomatic vallecular cyst in the adult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.36.16333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430857PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Top-down alteration of functional connectivity within the sensorimotor network in focal dystonia.

Neurology 2019 Apr 27;92(16):e1843-e1851. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

From the Memory and Aging Center (G.B.), Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco; Department of Otolaryngology (K.S.), Massachusetts Eye and Ear; Department of Neurology (K.S.), Massachusetts General Hospital (K.S.); and Harvard Medical School (K.S.), Boston, MA.

Objectives: To determine the directionality of regional interactions and influences of one region on another within the functionally abnormal sensorimotor network in isolated focal dystonia.

Methods: A total of 40 patients with spasmodic dysphonia with and without dystonic tremor of voice and 35 healthy controls participated in the study. Independent component analysis (ICA) of resting-state fMRI was used to identify 4 abnormally coupled brain regions within the functional sensorimotor network in all patients compared to controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007317DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Detection of Muscle Tension Dysphonia Using Eulerian Video Magnification: A Pilot Study.

J Voice 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether Eulerian Video Magnification software is useful in diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia (MTD).

Study Design: Prospective.

Methods: Adult patients scheduled in a tertiary care laryngology practice for evaluation of dysphonia were recruited between November 2016 and March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Laser Partial Arytenoidectomy as an Office Procedure.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Mar 26:145561319836427. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Bilateral vocal fold paralysis is a disabling condition that results in airway symptoms, dysphonia, and sometimes difficulty swallowing. Various types of glottal widening procedures have been described in the literature, all of which are performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. The aim is to report laser partial arytenoidectomy as an office-based treatment modality in a patient with bilateral vocal fold paralysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319836427DOI Listing

Chronic laryngitis caused by Mycobacterium Kansasii in a traveler.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Chronic laryngitis commonly presents with dysphonia, and infectious causes include tuberculosis and endemic mycoses. We present a 58-year-old female with laryngitis for 5 years, fevers, chills, fatigue, malaise, myalgias, anterior neck pain, and night sweats after multicontinent exposure. Bronchoscopy cultures were negative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27952DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

In-Office Laryngology Injections.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, JBSA Fort Sam, Houston, TX 78234, USA.

The ability to perform in-office vocal fold injections has been greatly enhanced by advances in videolaryngoscopy technology. With improved optics and thin, channeled flexible laryngoscopes, in-office laryngeal injections have expanded from vocal fold augmentation for glottic insufficiency, vocal cold immobility, and botulinum toxin injections for spasmodic dysphonia, to vocal fold steroid injections for benign vocal fold lesions and scars and various injections for neurogenic cough. Efficacy, approaches, post-procedure management, and common complications of in-office laryngeal injections are outlined and supporting evidence discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2019.02.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Clinical factors associated with worse quality-of-life scores in United States thyroid cancer survivors.

Surgery 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Introduction: Thyroid cancer survivors are a rapidly growing population in the United States. The factors that drive health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in this population have not been well characterized. We hypothesized that more aggressive treatments and greater treatment-related adverse effects would be associated with worse HRQOL scores in thyroid cancer survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2019.01.034DOI Listing
March 2019
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Management of benign vocal fold lesions: current perspectives on the role for voice therapy.

Authors:
Anna White

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Benign vocal fold lesions (BVFLs) cause dysphonia by preventing full vocal fold closure, interrupting vibratory characteristics and increasing compensatory muscle tension. Management includes phonosurgery, voice therapy, pharmacological treatment or more commonly a combination of these interventions. This review aims to present current perspectives on the management of BVFLs, particularly exploring the role of voice therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000536DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Facial onset sensory and motor neuronopathy: a motor neuron disease with an oligogenic origin?

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2019 Mar 20:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria la Fe (IIS La Fe) , Neuromuscular Research Unit , Valencia , Spain.

Objective: To describe a patient with facial onset sensory and motor neuronopathy (FOSMN) carrying heterozygous mutations in both TARDBP and SQSTM1 genes.

Methods: The patient underwent neurological, neuropsychological, and neurophysiological examinations. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and extensive genetic analysis were also performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21678421.2019.1582671DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Voice and swallowing dysfunction in X-linked dystonia parkinsonism.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Neurology, Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Manila, Philippines.

Objectives: To systematically characterize and describe voice and swallowing manifestations in patients with X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) and correlate with quality-of-life (QOL) measures.

Methods: Thirty-four patients with XDP with communication and swallowing difficulties underwent neurological examination, head and neck examination, nasopharyngoscopy, QOL surveys (Swallowing Quality of Life questionnaire [SWAL-QOL] and Voice Handicap Index [VHI]), and functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) to assess the extent of dysfunction.

Results: All patients showed high rates of lingual, oromandibular, and laryngeal dysfunction, as well as severe QOL changes in swallowing and communication ability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27897DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A Comparison of Patient-Centered Outcome Measures to Evaluate Dysphagia and Dysphonia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (Dr. Rosenthal, Dr. McCarthy, Bhatt, Dr. Hsu, and Dr. Patel), the Cleveland Clinic, Center for Spine Health, Cleveland, OH (Dr. Savage), and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL (Dr. Singh).

Of Background Data: Dysphagia and dysphonia are the most common complications after anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF). No consensus system exists currently in the spine literature for the classification of these conditions postoperatively.

Objective: The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) in the assessment of dysphagia when compared with the Bazaz score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00631DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Endoscopic posterior cricoid reduction: A surgical method to improve posterior glottic diastasis.

Laryngoscope 2019 Apr;129(S2):S1-S9

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Objectives/hypothesis: Describe the preoperative evaluation of patients with glottic diastasis who are candidates for endoscopic posterior cricoid reduction (EPCR) and their perioperative and postoperative surgical and voice outcomes, and validate the aerodynamic benefit of EPCR using computation fluid dynamics (CFD)-based modeling from computed tomography (CT) scans.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Methods: Thirteen patients who underwent EPCR were followed from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27833DOI Listing

Acoustic correlates of vocal effort: External factors and personality traits.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

AP-HM, CHU La Conception, service d'oto-rhino-laryngologie, Marseille, France; Aix Marseille université, CNRS, LPL, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Objectives: To develop an experimental protocol to study the vocal effort generated by introducing barriers to communication, and its relationship with certain personality traits.

Material And Methods: The experimental protocol consisted of an interactive game in which the subject gave an investigator instructions to adopt various body positions (semi-directed communication situation). The Control situation included no constraints on communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2019.02.010DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: A Case with Dysphonia, Dysphagia and Myelopathy.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Mar 17;20:349-353. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital and Atomic-Bomb Survivors Hospital, Hiroshima City, Hiroshima, Japan.

BACKGROUND Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by the ossification of soft tissues, primarily the ligaments and enthesis. Exuberant osteophyte formation of the anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine is usually found. Among the reported complications of cervical osteophyte, dysphagia is the most frequent symptom, and dysphonia is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434612PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Transient vocal fold lesion and hoarseness associated with the use of ramucirumab: Case report.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, AC Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Gastric cancer (GC) is among the leading neoplasms with highest morbidity and mortality in the world. Tumor angiogenesis represents one of important targets of antineoplastic treatment, as it has an important role in cell development and growth.

Case Report: Ramucirumab, an IgG1 monoclonal antibody (MoAb), inhibits the angiogenesis pathway by blocking the VEGFR-2 activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2018.08.017DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read