518 results match your criteria Sozial- und Praeventivmedizin[Journal]


Guest Editorial: Critical Thinking in Education and Research-Why and How?

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Dec 15;57(51):16574-16575. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Pharmazeutische Chemie und Wissenschaftsforschung, Departement Chemie und Angewandte Wissenschaften und Departement Geistes-, Sozial- und Staatswissenschaften, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.

"A responsible scientist is able to step back, critically reflect on his or her own doings, and also explain them to a wider audience. Critical thinking includes the ability to talk to people working in other areas, as well as the broader public. It has to be taught to students and fostered at the university level, and should be practiced in relation to one's own work …" Read more in the Guest Editorial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Exercise Testing in Respiratory Medicine - DGP Recommendations].

Pneumologie 2018 Oct 10;72(10):687-731. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Facharztforum Fürth.

This document replaces the DGP recommendations published in 1998 and 2013. Based on recent studies and a consensus conference, the indications, choice and performance of the adequate exercise testing method and its necessary technical and staffing setting are discussed. Detailed recommendations are provided: for blood gas analysis and right heart catheterization during exercise, walk tests, spiroergometry, and stress echocardiography. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Return-to-Work after depression - evaluation of a retrospective case-control study of an operational integrated care model].

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2018 Aug 20. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

LVR-Klinik Langenfeld.

The objective of the study was to evaluate an operational integrated care model (IC) aiming at optimized treatment of depression. It consisted of cooperation between a company and an external clinic with respect to early recognition of the disorder, early access to treatment and support for return to work.

Method: A retrospective group comparison of patients with depression receiving IC in a psychiatric outpatient clinic (N=64) and a control group with standard care in the same clinic (N=64) was performed. Read More

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SOCIOEMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN TODDLERS WITH LANGUAGE DELAY.

Infant Ment Health J 2018 Sep 14;39(5):569-580. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

National Institute of Mental Health.

Toddlers with language delay are at risk for persistent developmental and behavioral difficulties; however, the association between socioemotional/behavior problems and language in young children is not well understood. This study explored socioemotional/behavior problems in a unique sample of toddlers with language delays using a measure developed explicitly for this age group. Toddlers identified by 18 months with receptive and expressive language delay (LD; n = 30) or typical development (TD; n = 61) were evaluated at 18 and 24 months of age using the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) and the Mullen Scales of Early Learning. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

COGNITIVE AND SOCIOEMOTIONAL FUNCTIONING AT 4½ YEARS IN CHILDREN BORN TO MOTHERS WHO HAVE RECEIVED TREATMENT FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE PROBLEMS WHILE PREGNANT.

Infant Ment Health J 2018 Sep 7;39(5):581-594. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

University of Oslo.

Cognitive and socioemotional functioning at 4½ years of age were examined in children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems (n = 22) recruited from residential treatment institutions while pregnant, and then compared to children born to mothers with mental health problems (n = 18) and children from a low-risk group (n = 26). No significant group differences in cognitive functioning were found, but the children born to mothers with substance-abuse problems showed more caregiver-reported socioemotional problems than did the low-risk children, like the children born to mothers with mental health problems. Birth weight had an effect on internalizing problems at 4½ years and mediated the relation between group and socioemotional problems, although not when controlling for caregiver education, single parenthood, and anxiety and depression. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

[Medication safety in Switzerland: Where are we today?]

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 Sep;61(9):1152-1158

Stiftung Patientensicherheit Schweiz, Asylstraße 77, 8032, Zürich, Schweiz.

Empirical research shows that medication safety is an urgent area of concern in the Swiss healthcare system. Adverse drug events and medication errors are common and risks such as polypharmacy are widespread. No comprehensive national strategy explicitly dedicated to medication safety exists in Switzerland. Read More

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September 2018

Comparison of the Legiolert™/Quanti-Tray MPN test for the enumeration of Legionella pneumophila from potable water samples with the German regulatory requirements methods ISO 11731-2 and ISO 11731.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2018 Aug 20;221(7):1047-1053. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Institut für Hygiene und Öffentliche Gesundheit, Sigmund-Freud-Straße 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany.

Due to the promising results of a previous study of the performance of the novel MPN method (Legiolert™/Quanti-Tray) compared to ISO 11731-2, this study was performed to compare Legiolert for Legionella pneumophila with the German regulatory requirements methods ISO 11731-2 (100 ml membrane filtration) and ISO 11731 (1 ml direct plating) for the enumeration of L. pneumophila and Legionella spp. from potable water. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

[Morbidity and mortality conferences in Lower Saxony: Implementation status and further development needs].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2018 09 12;135-136:34-40. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Ärztekammer Niedersachsen, Hannover, Deutschland.

Background: Morbidity and mortality conferences (M&MC) are a tool to foster individual and organizational learning in hospitals, and they are important to improve patient safety. So far, no data has been available about the implementation of M&MC in Lower Saxony and the characteristics of M&MCs. The aim of this study was to assess the status quo of M&MC in Lower Saxony and to identify the potential for improvement. Read More

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September 2018

[Joint pain and consumption of analgesics among young elite athletes : Nationwide data from youth basketball].

Schmerz 2018 Jun 27. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

ATOS Klinik Heidelberg, Deutsches Gelenkzentrum Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Background: Joint pain may be an early indicator of biomechanical stress. During adolescence the physical development, including the development of the musculoskeletal system, is still ongoing and joint pain requires special attention, especially among young athletes.

Objective: Young athletes from the highest national basketball leagues in Germany were questioned about prevalence, location, context and coping strategies concerning joint pain. Read More

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[Particulate emissions from residential wood combustion : Evaluation under real-life operating conditions and toxicological relevance].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Institut für Arbeits‑, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Uniklinik, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Deutschland.

Due to their high emission of particulate matter, wood fired furnaces have become a focal point of public discussion in Germany. Log-fired single room heaters can be identified as a main contributor to this matter. The particulate matter emitted by outdated as well as modern furnaces directly affects the pollution inside residential areas. Read More

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[Epidemiological studies with environmental relevance in Germany].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt (GmbH), Institut für Epidemiologie, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Deutschland.

Our environment is a major factor in determining health and well-being throughout life, from conception into old age. This overview illustrates the most important epidemiological studies and health monitoring systems in Germany, which investigate environmental influences in various population subgroups and estimate related health effects. Environmental factors examined in each study are described. Read More

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May 2018
23 Reads

[The gender gap in highest quality medical research - A scientometric analysis of the representation of female authors in highest impact medical journals].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2018 May 4;143(10):e85-e94. Epub 2018 May 4.

Abteilung für computergestützte Methoden in der Medizin, Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany.

Objective:  The study aims to elucidate the state of gender equality in high-impact medical research, analyzing the representation of female authorships from January, 2008 to September, 2017.

Methods:  133 893 male and female authorships from seven high-impact medical journals were analyzed. The key methodology was the combined analysis of the relative frequency, odds ratio and citations of female authorships. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

[Environmental burden of disease in Germany].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 Jun;61(6):747-756

Fakultät für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Deutschland.

Background: Environmental risk factors can have a substantial impact on population health. With the environmental burden of disease (EBD) approach, the health losses attributable to environmental risk factors can be quantified using disability-adjusted life years (DALY).

Objectives: The aim of this article is to present and discuss available EBD estimates with a focus on Germany. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Renal angiomyolipoma in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex: findings from the TuberOus SClerosis registry to increase disease Awareness.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology Unit, UZ Brussel VUB, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Renal angiomyolipoma occurs at a high frequency in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and is associated with potentially life-threatening complications. Despite this frequency and severity, there are no large population-based cohort studies. Here we present baseline and follow-up data of the international TuberOus SClerosis registry to increase disease Awareness (TOSCA) with an aim to provide detailed clinical characteristics of renal angiomyolipoma among patients with TSC. Read More

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April 2018
9 Reads

[Influence of staffing levels on conflicts in inpatient psychiatric care].

Nervenarzt 2018 Jul;89(7):821-827

Fachhochschule der Diakonie, Bielefeld, Deutschland.

Acute psychiatric wards are an important element in the mental healthcare of people at risk for acute harm to others or self-harm. Unfortunately, aggression, violence (conflict) and the use of coercion (containment) are still part of psychiatric care. The decisive factor for the correct handling of these situations is the quantity as well as the quality of the employees. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

[Team training and assessment in mixed reality-based simulated operating room : Current state of research in the field of simulation in spine surgery exemplified by the ATMEOS project].

Unfallchirurg 2018 Apr;121(4):271-277

Lehrstuhl für Informatikanwendungen in der Medizin & Augmented Reality, Institut für Informatik/I‑16, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstr. 3, 85748, Garching b. München, Deutschland.

Surgical simulators are being increasingly used as an attractive alternative to clinical training in addition to conventional animal models and human specimens. Typically, surgical simulation technology is designed for the purpose of teaching technical surgical skills (so-called task trainers). Simulator training in surgery is therefore in general limited to the individual training of the surgeon and disregards the participation of the rest of the surgical team. Read More

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[Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of COPD Patients - Issued by the German Respiratory Society and the German Atemwegsliga in Cooperation with the Austrian Society of Pneumology].

Pneumologie 2018 Apr 9;72(4):253-308. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Facharztforum Fürth, Fürth.

This document is a revision of the guideline for diagnosis and treatment of COPD that replaces the version from 2007. A multitude of recent reports regarding risk factors, diagnosis, assessment, prevention and pharmacological as well as non-pharmacological treatment options made a major revision mandatory. The new guideline is based on the GOLD document taking into account specifics in Germany and Austria. Read More

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CAREGIVER'S DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AND YOUNG CHILDREN'S SOCIOEMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT DELAYS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY IN POOR RURAL AREAS OF CHINA.

Infant Ment Health J 2018 03 27;39(2):209-219. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing.

Poverty and its associated factors put people at risk for depression. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms (DS) of primary caregivers and socioemotional development (SED) delays of young children in poor rural areas of China, and to explore the association between them. Cross-sectional data of 2,664 children aged 3 to 35 months and their primary caregivers were used for analysis. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

[DGP Interstitial Lung Disease Patient Questionnaire].

Pneumologie 2018 Jun 21;72(6):446-457. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Großhansdorf.

Background:  Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) encompass different heterogeneous, mainly chronic diseases of the pulmonary interstitium and/or alveoli with known and unknown reasons. The diagnostic of ILD is challenging and should be performed interdisciplinary. The medical history is of major importance and therefore, in German-speaking countries the Frankfurter Bogen (published in 1985) was utilised to scrutinise the medical history of the patient. Read More

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Dynamic Posterior Stabilization versus Posterior Lumbar Intervertebral Fusion: A Matched Cohort Study Based on the Spine Tango Registry.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 May 18;79(3):224-230. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Spine, Centre for Orthopaedics and Neurosurgery, Hof, Germany.

Purpose:  The primary aim of dynamic stabilization is to stabilize the spine and preserve function without overstressing adjacent segments, which is a potential risk of fusion surgery. However, direct comparative analyses of the two approaches are still limited, and little is known about the association of patient-reported outcomes with these treatment options.

Objective:  To compare the clinical outcomes of dynamic posterior stabilization using the DSS Stabilization System (Paradigm Spine, LLC, New York, New York, United States) versus posterior lumbar intervertebral fusion (PLIF) based on data from a spine registry. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Mean High-Dose l-Thyroxine Treatment Is Efficient and Safe to Achieve a Normal IQ in Young Adult Patients With Congenital Hypothyroidism.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 04;103(4):1459-1469

Institute for Experimental Pediatric Endocrinology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Context: The optimal levothyroxine (LT4) dose to treat congenital hypothyroidism (CH) remains unclear, with debate over whether higher starting doses (>10 µg/kg) are necessary and safe for a normal intelligence quotient (IQ).

Objective: To examine psychomotor, metabolic, and quality of life (QoL) outcomes in patients with CH treated with a mean high initial LT4 dose.

Design, Settings, Participants: A cross-sectional cohort study of patients with CH identified in the Berlin newborn screening program from 1979 to 2003; 76 patients with CH (mean age, 18 years; mean initial LT4 dose, 13. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

[Playing hurt: dealing with joint pain in adolescent elite athletes].

Schmerz 2018 Jan 2. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Mannheimer Institut für Public Health, Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim, Universität Heidelberg, Ludolf-Krehl-Straße 7-11, 68167, Mannheim, Deutschland.

Background: Up to now, the investigation of joint pain in adolescents, especially in adolescent elite athletes, has been neglected. This is critical because the musculoskeletal system is still in growth and consecutive trauma and irreversible damage can result.

Objectives: To shed light into the research area of joint pain in elite adolescent athletes, we studied the willingness to compete while having joint pain as part as the phenomenon of "playing hurt". Read More

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January 2018

[The distribution of cardiovascular risk factors in employees from small- and medium-sized enterprises in Germany].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 Feb;61(2):224-231

Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin (IASU), Medizinische Fakultät, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, Aachen, 52074, Deutschland.

Background: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. Read More

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February 2018

[Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma - Guideline of the German Respiratory Society and the German Atemwegsliga in Cooperation with the Paediatric Respiratory Society and the Austrian Society of Pneumology].

Pneumologie 2017 12 7;71(12):849-919. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Wilhelminenspital, Lehrkrankenhaus der Medizinischen Universität Wien, Abteilung für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, Wien, Österreich.

The present guideline is a new version and an update of the guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of asthma, which replaces the previous version for german speaking countries from the year 2006. The wealth of new data on the pathophysiology and the phenotypes of asthma, and the expanded spectrum of diagnostic and therapeutic options necessitated a new version and an update. This guideline presents the current, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of asthma, for children and adolescents as well as for adults with asthma. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

[Education and Training in Public Health - Results of the Working Group 9 of the Forum Future Public Health, Berlin 2016].

Gesundheitswesen 2017 Nov 24;79(11):929-931. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Abteilung für Versorgungsforschung, Institut für Public Health und Pflegeforschung Universität Bremen, Bremen.

The need for a qualified public health workforce can only be met by appropriate provision of a wide spectrum of basic, advanced and continuing education and training programs on public health that meet international standards. At the same time, efforts must be made to offer young academics attractive career opportunities. Training in public health competences must also be provided for allied professionals in health care and for professions with influence on the determinants of health such as urban planning or agricultural science. Read More

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November 2017
2 Reads

Eosinophile Oesophagitis.

Ther Umsch 2017 Nov;74(6):309-315

4 Division de Gastroentérologie et d'Hépatologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne.

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November 2017
6 Reads

FATHER PLAY: IS IT SPECIAL?

Infant Ment Health J 2017 11 9;38(6):706-708. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Utah State University.

Both mothers and fathers play with their children, but research on parent-child play interactions is conducted with mothers three times more often than it is with fathers. The articles in this special issue address this gap by focusing on the nature and quality of father-child play, across cultural contexts, and considering whether father play offers something unique and special for early human development, in infancy or early childhood. The studies show that fathers can be just as developmentally supportive as are mothers in terms of being playful and engaged with their children in ways that are related to greater child socioemotional competence, emotion regulation, and vocabulary, and to less aggression, anxiety, and negativity. Read More

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November 2017
1 Read

[The Environmental Burden of Disease Concept].

Gesundheitswesen 2018 Feb 10;80(2):154-159. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Fakultät für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld.

Goal Of The Study: Environmental risk factors are of great importance for public health with a considerable but often unused potential for prevention. However, knowledge about the complex associations between the environment and health effects is limited for some risk factors. A concept, which is using the existing evidence on associations between the impact of environmental factors and health effects, is the environmental burden of disease (EBD) concept. Read More

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February 2018
10 Reads

[Factors Influencing Chronic Back Pain in Care Workers Attending to The Elderly in Germany].

Gesundheitswesen 2018 Feb 10;80(2):172-175. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz.

Introduction: The present study determined the lifetime prevalence of chronic back pain in care workers attending to the needs of elderly in Rhineland-Palatinate facilities and identified potential influencing factors.

Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, 155 care workers in 5 institutions for the elderly care were interviewed with a written questionnaire. Questions from different standardised questionnaires were combined with our own questions. Read More

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February 2018

[Primary Care in Germany - Equal Access for Everyone?]

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2018 Jan 15;143(2):e9-e17. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Background:  Access to primary care plays an important role in medical care provision in Germany. Therefore, current health care planning aims at providing equal access for every patient in Germany no matter where they live.

Objective:  This study examined accessibility of primary care and compared the result with current primary care planning data. Read More

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January 2018
13 Reads

Deutsches "Nationales Krebshilfe-Monitoring" 2015-2019 - Studienprotokoll und erste Ergebnisse.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Sep;15(9):895-904

Mannheimer Institut für Public Health, Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Universität Heidelberg, Mannheim.

Hintergrund Und Ziele: Das Projekt "Nationales Krebshilfe-Monitoring zur Solariennutzung" (National Cancer Aid Monitoring of Tanning Bed Use, NCAM) ist eine deutsche Großstudie mit dem Ziel, die wichtigsten Risikofaktoren für Hautkrebs zu beobachten: natürliches Sonnenlicht und künstliche UV-Strahlung.

Teilnehmer Und Methoden: NCAM ist eine bundesweite Querschnittstudie mit zunächst vier Runden der Datenerfassung (sogenannten Wellen) zwischen 2015 und 2018. Jedes Jahr wird eine bundesweit repräsentative Stichprobe aus 3. Read More

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September 2017
3 Reads

[Electronic Shiazo waterpipes: a new source of indoor air pollutants].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2017 Oct;60(10):1092-1101

Sachgebiet Chemikaliensicherheit und Toxikologie, Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Pfarrstraße 3, 80538, München, Deutschland.

Background: For some time, a new form of waterpipe smoking has been advertised, where steam stones moistened with aroma fluids (Shiazo) are heated electronically. Since there is no combustion of tobacco, it is often assumed that the produced vapor is not harmful to health. To clarify this issue, we performed a comprehensive inner and outer exposure assessment during the use of an electronic Shiazo waterpipe. Read More

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October 2017
41 Reads

[Entitlement to prophylactic treatment in cases of genetic predisposition for breast cancer : Interdisciplinary perspectives].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2017 Oct;60(10):1102-1108

Lehrstuhl für Systematische Theologie II (Ethik), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kochstraße 6, 91054, Erlangen, Deutschland.

Genetic tests can detect the predisposition to various diseases. The demand for gene diagnostics and corresponding prophylactic measures is increasing steadily. In the German healthcare system, however, legal uncertainties exist as to whether a mere risk of disease is reason enough to bear the costs for prophylactic measures. Read More

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October 2017
12 Reads

[Leadership and management courses for clinicians].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2017 Aug 29;125:38-44. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Fakultät Psychologie, Pädagogik und Sportwissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Arbeits-, Organisations-, Sozial- & Wirtschaftspsychologie, Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Deutschland.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career.

Method: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015. The enquiry was carried out between June 1 and June 30, 2015. Read More

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August 2017
1 Read

[Psychosocial working conditions of physician assistants: results from a qualitative study on occupational stress, resources, possible approaches to prevention and intervention needs].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2017 Oct 14;126:43-51. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Centre for Health and Society, Medizinische Fakultät der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

Background: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Read More

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October 2017

[What Enhances Teachers' Health at Inclusive Primary Schools? A Mixed-Methods Approach].

Gesundheitswesen 2018 Feb 11;80(S 01):S29-S36. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Institut für Lehrergesundheit am Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz.

Aim: Teachers' suggestions to enhance their health at inclusive primary schools ("Schwerpunktgrundschulen") were analyzed by quantitative content analysis taking personal or job-related parameters of effort and strain into consideration.

Method: The paper and pencil cross-sectional study was conducted by Institut für Lehrergesundheit (IFL) between August 2013 and April 2015 at 14 schools in Rhineland-Palatinate. Overall response rate was 46. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Patient safety in the care of mentally ill people in Switzerland: Action plan 2016

Pflege 2017 5;30(6):357-364. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

1 Stiftung Patientensicherheit Schweiz, Zürich, Schweiz.

Background: Patient safety in mental healthcare has not attracted great attention yet, although the burden and the prevalence of mental diseases are high. The risk of errors with potential for harm of patients, such as aggression against self and others or non-drug treatment errors is particularly high in this vulnerable group. Aim: To develop priority topics and strategies for action to foster patient safety in mental healthcare. Read More

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July 2017
5 Reads

[Dancing with Pointe Shoes: Characteristics and Assessment Criteria for Pointe Readiness].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2017 Dec 29;31(4):213-221. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

medicos-AufSchalke, Department Kompetenzzentrum Tanzmedizin, Gelsenkirchen.

Training with pointe shoes is an integral part of professional dance education and ambitious hobby dancing. Pointe shoes - developed more than hundred years ago and almost unaltered since then - are highly specific and strike a balance between aesthetics, function, protection, and health care. Therefore, pointe readiness should be tested prior to all dance training or career training. Read More

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December 2017
7 Reads

[Psychosocial Working Conditions and Quality of Care: Results of a Qualitative Study Among Physician Assistants (MFAs)].

Gesundheitswesen 2018 Dec 29;80(12):1084-1087. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf.

Background: Working conditions may not only impair the health of health care staff, but also the quality of delivered patient care. Evidence for this in relation to physician assistants remains limited despite the fact that they represent the largest professional group in German primary care and perform occupational tasks that are highly relevant to the quality of patient care. This study aimed to gain insights into the potential relationship of working conditions with the quality of care. Read More

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December 2018

[Municipalities as places for social work for the elderly].

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2017 Jul 7;50(5):446-450. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

FB Angewandte Sozialwissenschaften, Sozial- und Politikwissenschaften, Fachhochschule Dortmund, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Emil-Figge-Str. 44, 44227, Dortmund, Deutschland.

Against the background of social and demographic changes, this article addresses the design and organization of processes of aging within municipal contexts. It is assumed that the renaissance of the local communal situation corresponds to processes of individualization and subjectivation, which are characteristic for (post)industrial western societies, and that this development is one of the reasons that community-based social work is regaining importance. A case study of social work for the elderly in a municipality of the Ruhr area, which is imbedded in a municipal senior citizens policy concept, illustrates this assumption. Read More

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Retrospektive Expositionsabschätzung der natürlichen UV-Strahlendosis: Erfahrungen mit dem Online-UV-Anamnese-Instrument im Feldversuch.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Jun;15(6):610-620

Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen.

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[Drawing up a Guideline for Handling Information and Communication Technology, Flexibility and Availability in Small and Medium Enterprises].

Gesundheitswesen 2017 Jun 6. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Arbeits- und Umweltmedizin/-epidemiologie, Bayerisches Landesamt fur Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit, München.

Within the last decades the world of work has changed enormously. Due to new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), working at any time from any place has become possible. Flexibility, availability and the dissolution of boundaries between work and private life are the possible results of this development. Read More

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June 2017
10 Reads

Medizin und Ökonomie.

Authors:
Thomas D Szucs

Ther Umsch 2017;73(1):775

1 Institut für Sozial- und Präventivmedizin Universität Zürich.

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July 2018
3 Reads

[Benefit and Sustainability of Networks for workplace Health Promotion in SME Examined at the SME Networks "Bewegte Unternehmen" and "Vitale Unternehmen"].

Gesundheitswesen 2018 May 15;80(5):458-462. Epub 2017 May 15.

Arbeitsgruppe BGM, Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to analyze if 2 regional networks of small and medium enterprises (SME) for workplace health promotion are sustainable, and to find out the motivation of the enterprises to join the network. It was also examined if there is a stable culture of cooperation 6 -10 years after the founding of the network. Additionally, the study checked the current work and suggestions for improvement to the network structure, so that in the future, promotion of workplace health can be further improved. Read More

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May 2018
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[The Triumph of "Stupidity" : Deep Blue`s Victory over Garri Kasparov. The Controversy about its Impact on Artficial Intelligence Research].

Authors:
Martina Heßler

NTM 2017 03;25(1):1-33

Professur für Neuere Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Technikgeschichte, Helmut-Schmidt-Universität, Holstenhofweg 85, 22043, Hamburg, Deutschland.

The competition between the chess computer Deep Blue and the former chess world champion Garri Kasparov in 1997 was a spectacle staged for the media. However, the chess game, like other games, was also a test field for artificial intelligence research. On the one hand Deep Blue's victory was called a "milestone" for AI research, on the other hand, a dead end, since the superiority of the chess computer was based on pure computing power and had nothing to do with "real" AI. Read More

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March 2017
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[aDNA Research From a Historical Perspective].

Authors:
Elsbeth Bösl

NTM 2017 03;25(1):99-142

Professur für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Technikgeschichte, Historisches Seminar, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39, 85577, Neubiberg, Deutschland.

aDNA studies are a cooperative field of research with a broad range of applications including evolutionary biology, genetics, anthropology and archaeology. Scientists are using ancient molecules as source material for historical questions. Colleagues from the humanities are observing this with both interest and concern because aDNA research is affecting academic identities and both concepts of history and historiography. Read More

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[Diagnostic Accuracy of German Depression Screenings in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease].

Psychiatr Prax 2017 Apr 3. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

Objective: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of German depression screening instruments in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).

Methods: 1019 CHD patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9 and PHQ-2) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D). The Composite International Diagnostic Interview served as reference standard for "any depressive disorder" and "major depression". Read More

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April 2017
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