707 results match your criteria Somnambulism Sleep Walking
Indian J Psychiatry 2018 Jul-Sep;60(3):372-373
Department of Psychiatry, WellSpan- Philhaven- Meadowlands, York, PA, USA. E-mail:
Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi 2018 ;73(3):365-372
Graduate School of Health and Nursing Science, Wakayama Medical University.
Objectives: In this study, we examined whether a combined regimen of a short-term nap and a light physical exercise is effective in improving sleep among elderly individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia in communal living group homes.
Methods: Twenty-three female residents (aged 87.4±5. Read More
Cephalalgia 2018 Aug 4:333102418791820. Epub 2018 Aug 4.
3 Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.
Objective To assess the relative risk, predictive value and population attributable risk fraction of pre-school episodic syndromes for later migraine in primary school age children. Methods This retrospective cohort study used health insurance data on 55,035 children born in 2006 with no diagnosis of migraine up to the age of 5 years. The relative risk, probability and population attributable risk fraction of migraine prompting a physician visit at the age of 6-10 years in children with episodic syndromes included in the International Classification of Headache Disorders (benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo, cyclic vomiting syndrome, recurrent abdominal symptoms and abdominal migraine) and those not included in the International Classification of Headache Disorders (pavor nocturnus, somnabulism and bruxism) diagnosed up to the age of 5 years were determined. Read More
J Hist Ideas 2017 07;78(3):401-25
A young man of a cholerick constitution lying asleep upon his bed, rose up thence on the sudden, took a sword, opened the doors, and muttering much to himself went into the street, where he quarrelled alone, and fancying that he was in fight with his enemies, he made divers passes, till at length he fell down, and through an unhappy slip of his sword, he gave himself a dangerous wound upon the breast. Hereupon being awaked and affrighted, and dreading lest such his night-walkings might at some time or other create him as great dangers, he sent for me to be his physician, and was accordingly cured. Read More
Sleep Med 2018 Jun 31;46:107-113. Epub 2018 Mar 31.
Bosse Klinik, Department of Neurology/Psychiatry, Hans-Lufft-Str. 5, 06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Germany.
Objective/background: To evaluate REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) in REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) several automatic algorithms have been developed. We aimed to validate our algorithm (Mayer et al., 2008) in order to assess the following: (1). Read More
Front Neurol 2018 28;9:95. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Center for Childhood Headache, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
Introduction: Sleep and migraine share a common pathophysiological substrate, although the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The serotonergic and orexinergic systems are both involved in the regulation of sleep/wake cycle, and numerous studies show that both are involved in the migraine etiopathogenesis. These two systems are anatomically and functionally interconnected. Read More
Sleep Breath 2018 Dec 20;22(4):973-979. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
Department of Zoology, Islamia College University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Purpose: Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015-November 2016.
Methods: Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results. Read More
Eur Neurol 2017 26;78(5-6):307-311. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
Sleep-Wake-Epilepsy Center (SWEZ), Department of Neurology, University Hospital (Inselspital) and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Background: Sleepwalking (SW) is found to affect children predominantly, but it can persist or appear de novo even among adults. In this study, we assessed the demographic, clinical and polysomnographic profile, trigger factors and associated comorbidities of adult-onset (AO-SW) and childhood-onset (CO-SW) adult sleepwalkers.
Methods: In adult sleepwalkers, a structured clinical interview, a battery of questionnaires, video-polysomnography (v-PSG) and standard electroencephalography (EEG) were performed. Read More
Curr Biol 2017 Oct;27(20):R1102-R1104
Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland; Center for Neuroprosthetics, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Neurology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:
Sleepwalkers' complex nocturnal behaviors have inspired fictional characters from Shakespeare's Lady Macbeth to Polidori's Vampyre to Cesare, the homicidal somnambulist in The Cabinet of Dr Caligari. Yet although the underlying pathophysiology of sleepwalking, i.e. Read More
Sleep 2017 11;40(11)
Speech Therapy School, ELLIADD EA 4661, Franche-Comté University, Besançon, France.
Objectives: Speech is a complex function in humans, but the linguistic characteristics of sleep talking are unknown. We analyzed sleep-associated speech in adults, mostly (92%) during parasomnias.
Methods: The utterances recorded during night-time video-polysomnography were analyzed for number of words, propositions and speech episodes, frequency, gaps and pauses (denoting turn-taking in the conversation), lemmatization, verbosity, negative/imperative/interrogative tone, first/second person, politeness, and abuse. Read More
Hist Psychiatry 2018 Mar 13;29(1):110-125. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
Parapsychology Foundation, USA.
Among the many attempts to explain mediumship psychologically at the turn of the century were the efforts of Swiss psychologist Théodore Flournoy (1854-1920). In his well-known book Des Indes à la Planète Mars (1900), translated as From India to the Planet Mars (1900), Flournoy analysed the mediumistic productions of medium Hélène Smith (1861-1929), consisting of accounts of previous lives in France and in India, and material about planet Mars. Flournoy explained the phenomena as a function of cryptomnesia, suggestive influences, and subconscious creativity, analyses that influenced both psychology and psychical research. Read More
Australas Psychiatry 2017 Dec 10;25(6):622-624. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
Senior Fellow, Centre for Mental Health Education and Research at Delmont Private Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Objective: Suvorexant, a new hypnotic, is indicated for the treatment of insomnia characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance, and is used long-term. This paper will briefly review suvorexant.
Results: Orexin is a hypothalamic peptide which promotes wakefulness. Read More
Res Dev Disabil 2017 Oct 30;69:105-115. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
Cerebra Centre for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Angelman syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome, in which sleep disturbances are reported for 20-80% of individuals (Williams et al., 2006). This interview study delineated parental perceptions of sleep problems experienced by children with Angelman syndrome and the impact on parental sleep quality, health and wellbeing. Read More
Aust Fam Physician 2017 ;46(8):590-593
Background: Sleepwalking is a relatively common and innocuous arousal disorder during non‑rapid eye movement sleep.
Objective: This paper provides a review of the most recent science on sleepwalking to guide clinical decision-making.
Discussion: Most patients who sleepwalk do not require treatment, but comorbid sleep disorders that result in daytime tiredness, and behaviour and emotional problems require assessment and interventions. Read More
Sleep Med 2017 Aug 29;36:152-155. Epub 2017 May 29.
Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; Neuroimaging Research Core Facility, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:
Objective: This study aimed to determine whether voxel-based analysis of T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging is able to detect alterations of gray and white matter morphometry as well as measures of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy in patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia.
Methods: 3 Tesla MRI was performed in 14 drug-free, polysomnography-confirmed adult patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia (age: 29 ± 4.2 years; disease duration 19. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2017 Sep 5;160:105-107. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
Sleep Medicine Center, Translational Neuroscience Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:
Curr Psychiatry Rep 2017 Jul;19(7):37
Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology & PERFORM Center, Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke St. West, SP 165.27, Montreal, H4B 1R6, Canada.
Purpose Of Review: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. Read More
J Sleep Res 2017 10 17;26(5):614-622. Epub 2017 May 17.
Sleep Disorders Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, APHP, Paris, France.
This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Read More
Arch Pediatr 2017 Jun 23;24(6):557-560. Epub 2017 Apr 23.
Service de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, CHU de Caen, 4, avenue Georges-Clemenceau, 14033 Caen cedex 9, France; Inserm U1077, neuropsychologie et neuroanatomie fonctionnelle de la mémoire humaine, 2, rue des Rochambelles, 14032 Caen cedex, France; Université Caen Normandie, pôle de formation et de recherche en santé, 2, rue des Rochambelles, 14032 Caen cedex, France. Electronic address:
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. Read More
Sleep 2017 02;40(2)
Sleep Disorders Unit and Hospital-University, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (APHP).
Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers.
Aims And Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography.
Results: Seventeen patients (70. Read More
Sleep Med Rev 2018 02 29;37:105-113. Epub 2017 Jan 29.
School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Australia.
Medications that trigger sleepwalking may inadvertently put the patient at risk of injury to themselves and/or others, and contribute to poor treatment adherence. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify drugs that may increase the risk of sleepwalking. A search of CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect was conducted with the keywords 'sleepwalking' OR 'somnambulism'. Read More
Neurol India 2017 Mar-Apr;65(2):373-374
Antara Psychiatric Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Sleep 2017 04;40(4)
Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.
Study Objectives: Although sleepwalking (somnambulism) affects up to 4% of adults, its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. Sleepwalking can be preceded by fluctuations in slow-wave sleep EEG signals, but the significance of these pre-episode changes remains unknown and methods based on EEG functional connectivity have yet to be used to better comprehend the disorder.
Methods: We investigated the sleep EEG of 27 adult sleepwalkers (mean age: 29 ± 7. Read More
Sleep Med 2016 Nov - Dec;27-28:59-65. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
INSERM, UMR1153, Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité Research Center (CRESS), Early ORigins of Child Health And Development Team (ORCHAD), Villejuif, F-94807, France; Paris-Descartes University, Paris, F-75006, France. Electronic address:
Night waking in preschoolers has been associated with adverse health outcomes in cross-sectional studies, but has rarely been analyzed in a longitudinal setting. Therefore, little is known about the evolution of night waking in early childhood. The objectives of the present study were: to identify night-waking trajectories in preschoolers, and to examine the risk factors associated with those trajectories. Read More
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2017 Mar 26;40(3):326-329. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
Heart Rhythm Service, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Twiddler's syndrome is caused by patient manipulation of the cardiac implantable device (CID) around its central axis within the pocket, resulting in retraction and dislocation of the electrodes. There are, however, some reports that Twiddler's syndrome may occur spontaneously without the patient's manipulation. This remains contentious as it may be argued that patients may not want to admit to manipulating the CID or may have been unaware of their actions. Read More
West J Emerg Med 2016 Nov 29;17(6):709-712. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
University Hospital Berne, Department of Emergency Medicine, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland.
Introduction: Somnambulism is a state of dissociated consciousness, in which the affected person is partially asleep and partially awake. There is pervasive public opinion that sleepwalkers are protected from hurting themselves. There have been few scientific reports of trauma associated with somnambulism and no published investigations on the epidemiology or trauma patterns associated with somnambulism. Read More
PLoS One 2016 10;11(11):e0164769. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
Centre for Sleep Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.
Sleepwalking is thought to be a common arousal disorder; however, the epidemiology of this disorder has not yet been systematically examined. A systematic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect was conducted for 'sleepwalking' OR 'somnambulism' in any field, to identify studies that reported the epidemiology of sleepwalking or sleepwalking disorders. Fifty-one studies assessed the prevalence rates of sleepwalking in a total sample of 100 490. Read More
Sleep Med 2016 09 24;25:1-3. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
Centre for Sleep Research, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
Background: Few studies have examined self-reported sleepwalking in older adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence rates of sleepwalking in a one-month self-report period in Australian adolescents.
Methods: Participants were 532 Australian adolescents in their final two years of secondary school. Read More
Hist Psychol 2017 02 31;20(1):50-71. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
The physician and botanist Timothée Puel (1812-1890) lived through a pivotal period of psychology (1848-1878), between the academic prohibition of the study of animal magnetism to its disjointed recovery in hypnotism and psychical research. One of his cases of "catalepsy complicated with somnambulism" triggered a lively debate on "extraordinary neuroses" within the young Société médico-psychologique [Medico-psychological Society]. In 1874, Puel founded the Revue de psychologie expérimentale [Journal of Experimental Psychology], the first of its kind in French, which he intended as the vehicle of international interest in psychical research, the scholarly and institutionalized study of "psychism" that prepared the way for the recognition of academic psychology. Read More
Eur Neurol 2016 11;76(5-6):210-215. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.
Romantic operas provide a useful tool for historians to understand the perception of some medical disorders that existed during the nineteenth century. Somnambulism was still a mysterious condition during this time, since its pathogenesis was unknown. Hence, it comes as no surprise that somnambulism features in a number of operas, the best known of which are Verdi's 'Macbeth' and Bellini's 'La Sonnambula', both the subject of recent scholarship. Read More
Sleep 2016 10 1;39(10):1815-1825. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Department of Psychiatry, Madison WI.
Study Objectives: To examine scalp and source power topography in sleep arousals disorders (SADs) using high-density EEG (hdEEG).
Methods: Fifteen adult subjects with sleep arousal disorders (SADs) and 15 age- and gender-matched good sleeping healthy controls were recorded in a sleep laboratory setting using a 256 channel EEG system.
Results: Scalp EEG analysis of all night NREM sleep revealed a localized decrease in slow wave activity (SWA) power (1-4 Hz) over centro-parietal regions relative to the rest of the brain in SADs compared to good sleeping healthy controls. Read More
PLoS One 2016 20;11(7):e0159570. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
This paper examines a cognitive mechanism that drives perspective-taking and egocentrism in interpersonal communication. Using a conceptual referential communication task, in which participants describe a range of abstract geometric shapes, Experiment 1 shows that perspective-taking and egocentric communication are frequent communication strategies. Experiment 2 tests a selection heuristic account of perspective-taking and egocentric communication. Read More
N Z Med J 2016 Jun 10;129(1436):52-61. Epub 2016 Jun 10.
Sleep/Wake Research Centre, Massey University, Wellington Campus, Private Bag 756, New Zealand.
Aim: To estimate prevalence and identify predictors and outcomes of reporting sleep problems in Māori and non-Māori of advanced age.
Method: Participants were 251 Māori, and 398 non-Māori adults (79-90 years) from Te Puāwaitanga o Ngā Tapuwae Kia Ora Tonu. Life and Living in Advanced Age: A Cohort Study in New Zealand. Read More
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2016 12 20;26(10):948. Epub 2016 Jun 20.
1 Mental Health Clinic for Children, Shinshu University Hospital , Matsumoto, Japan .
J Clin Psychopharmacol 2016 Aug;36(4):393-4
VA Medical Center Grand Island, NE and Creighton University Medical Center Omaha, NE
Sleep 2016 07 1;39(7):1481-2. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
Department of Neurology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Program Director, Clinical Sleep Medicine Fellowship, Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN; Medical Director, Fairview Sleep Services-Edina, MN.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2016 Oct-Dec;23(4):1113-1131. Epub 2016 May 6.
Professor, Faculdade de Medicina/UFJF; diretor, Nupes. Av. Eugênio do Nascimento, s/n. 36038-330 - Juiz de Fora - MG - Brasil.
In the early nineteenth century, investigations into the nature of psychic/spiritual phenomena, like trances and the supposed acquisition of information unattainable using normal sensory channels, prompted much debate in the scientific arena. This article discusses the main explanations offered by the researchers of psychic phenomena reported between 1811 and 1860, concentrating on the two main movements in the period: magnetic somnambulism and modern spiritualism. While the investigations of these phenomena gave rise to multiple theories, they did not yield any consensus. Read More
J Clin Sleep Med 2016 08 15;12(8):1189-91. Epub 2016 Aug 15.
Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center, Departments of Psychiatry, Hennepin County Medical Center and University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN.
Abstract: Sleep-related abnormal sexual behaviors (sexsomnia) are classified as a subtype of NREM sleep parasomnias. Sexsomnia has been reported as part of parasomnia overlap disorder (POD) in two other patients. We present the case of a 42-year-old male patient with video-polysomnography (vPSG) documented POD. Read More
J Clin Sleep Med 2016 Apr 15;12(4):565-70. Epub 2016 Apr 15.
Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
Study Objectives: Despite the high prevalence and clinical relevance of NREM parasomnias, data on supportive genetic markers are scarce, and mainly refer to sleepwalking only.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical, polysomnographic, and HLA findings of 74 adults (37 men) with NREM parasomnia gathered from four neurological sleep centers. Parasomniac events were classified according to ICSD-2 criteria. Read More
Sleep Med 2016 10 4;26:54-59. Epub 2016 Jan 4.
Sleep Disorders Unit of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, APHP, Paris, France; Biostatistics Department of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, APHP, Paris, France; Brain Research Institute (CRICM), INSERM UMR-S975, CNRS UMR7225, Paris, France. Electronic address:
Objective: To identify the determinants of excessive daytime sleepiness in adults with sleepwalking or sleep terrors (SW/ST).
Methods: We collected the charts of all consecutive adult patients admitted from 2012 to 2014 for SW/ST. They had completed the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and had undergone one (n = 34) or two consecutive (n = 124) nocturnal videopolysomnographies. Read More
J Clin Psychopharmacol 2016 Apr;36(2):187-9
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry New York Medical College-Westchester Medical Center Valhalla, NY Adult Psychiatry New York Medical College-Westchester Medical Center Valhalla, NYMedical Student Medical University Lublin, Poland and Sydney Frank Fellow at New York Medical College-Westchester Medical Center Valhalla, NYChild and Adolescent Psychiatry New York Medical College-Westchester Medical Center Valhalla, NYStony Brook University School of Medicine Stony Brook, NY.
Sleep 2016 Apr 1;39(4):955-6. Epub 2016 Apr 1.
National Reference Centre for Orphan Diseases, Narcolepsy, Idiopathic Hypersomnia and Kleine-Levin Syndrome, Sleep Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, Gui-de-Chauliac Hospital, CHU Montpellier, France.
J Sleep Res 2016 08 8;25(4):458-65. Epub 2016 Feb 8.
Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
Although the literature has documented associations between sleep problems and internet addiction, the temporal direction of these relationships has not been established. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the bidirectional relationships between sleep problems and internet addiction among children and adolescents longitudinally. A four-wave longitudinal study was conducted with 1253 children and adolescents in grades 3, 5 and 8 from March 2013 to January 2014. Read More
J Law Med 2016;24(2):455-77
A commonly prescribed hypnotic, Zolpidem, has been linked to accidental death, driving offences and a very uncommon legal defence – automatism. The deaths and prima facie criminal behaviour that have triggered legal concern and considerable publicity have occurred while the person was in a sleep-like state and apparently acting involuntarily after ingesting the drug. Australian courts have had a mixed response to these claims, and have closely examined the expert evidence that is essential to establishing the link between the conduct and the medication. Read More
Am J Bioeth 2015 ;15(12):W1-5
a University of Montreal.
Am J Bioeth 2015 ;15(11):52-4
a University of British Columbia.
Home Healthc Now 2015 Nov-Dec;33(10):553-4
Ann Shastay, MSN, RN, AOCN, is the Managing Editor, Institute for Safe Medication Practices, Horsham, Pennsylvania.
Sleep 2015 Nov 1;38(11):1667-8. Epub 2015 Nov 1.
Department of Neurology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview, Minneapolis, MN; Sleep Medicine Clinic, University of Minnesota Medical Center Fairview, Minneapolis, MN, Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center, Minneapolis, MN; Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN.