737 results match your criteria Somnambulism Sleep Walking


The mysteries of hysteria: a historical perspective.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Jun 5:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Neurology and Neuro-rehabilitation, Swiss Medical Network Neurocenter, Montreux, Switzerland.

Jean-Martin Charcot started his main work on hysteria around 1870, until his death in 1893. Désiré Bourneville had triggered Charcot's interest in hysteria during his stay as an in his department, while Charles Richet's 1875 article on somnambulism was the trigger for Charcot to develop hypnotism. Charcot's collaborators Paul Richer, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Joseph Babinski, Sigmund Freud and Pierre Janet subsequently became most famous in hysteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2020.1772731DOI Listing

From ecstasy to divine somnambulism: Henri Delacroix's studies in the history and psychology of mysticism.

Authors:
Matei Iagher

Hist Psychol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

University College London.

This article aims at placing Henri Delacroix's (1908) book on the psychology of mysticism in the context of debates in the psychology of religion in the earlier part of the 20th century. I argue that Delacroix's work was authored as part of a wider debate that Delacroix maintained with the American school of the psychology of religion regarding the role of emotions in religious experience. As I show, Delacroix sought to counter the primacy of the affective in religious experience, which the Americans maintained, and to introduce the notion of a developmental logic into the mystical life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hop0000149DOI Listing

A case of somnambulism?

Authors:
Paul Batchelor

Br Dent J 2020 Apr;228(8):565

Honorary Clinical Professor, School of Medicine, University of Central Lancashire, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-020-1538-2DOI Listing

Risperidone-induced Somnambulism: A Case Report and Brief Review of Literature.

Cureus 2020 Mar 10;12(3):e7238. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, IND.

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been recommended as the first-line agents in the treatment of schizophrenia. They are usually not associated with extrapyramidal symptoms and hyperprolactinemia. There is no previously reported case on somnambulism associated with risperidone intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7147524PMC

Association Between Objectively Measured Sleep Duration and Symptoms of Psychiatric Disorders in Middle Childhood.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 12 2;2(12):e1918281. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Importance: The long-term association between sleep duration and mental health in children is currently unknown.

Objective: To investigate the prospective associations between sleep duration and symptoms of emotional and behavioral disorders at ages 6, 8, 10, and 12 years.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based cohort study obtained data from the Trondheim Early Secure Study in Trondheim, Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.18281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6991225PMC
December 2019

Update on nonpharmacological interventions in parasomnias.

Postgrad Med 2020 Jan 11;132(1):72-79. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Sleep Wake Epilepsy Center and Department of Neurology, Inselspital University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Parasomnias are abnormal behaviors that occur during sleep and can be associated, in particular during adulthood, with impaired sleep quality, daytime dysfunction, and occasionally with violent and harmful nocturnal behaviors. In these cases, therapies are often considered. Longterm pharmacological treatments are not always well tolerated and often have limited efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00325481.2019.1697119DOI Listing
January 2020
5 Reads

Successful Treatment of Somnambulism With OROS-Methylphenidate.

J Clin Sleep Med 2019 11;15(11):1683-1685

Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

None: Somnambulism is a non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnia with potential for significant injury as well as functional nighttime and daytime impairment. Clonazepam is frequently used as first line pharmacotherapy. However, the optimal treatment of somnambulism has not been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853387PMC
November 2019

Electroencephalogram abnormalities in patients with NREM parasomnias.

Sleep Med 2019 May 28. Epub 2019 May 28.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: Electroencephalographic (EEG) changes in patients with NREM parasomnias (NRP) occur in sleep architecture as changes in slow wave sleep or cyclic pattern, which are not considered abnormal. However, abnormalities in EEG in these patients have recently been reported, indicating that EEG patterns in NRPs are not definitive. Moreover, most of the polysomnography (PSG) findings in NRP patients were reported in the adult population requiring data from pediatric population to avoid bias in conclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2019.05.009DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

1784: The Marquis de Puységur and the psychological turn in the west.

Authors:
Adam Crabtree

J Hist Behav Sci 2019 Jul 4;55(3):199-215. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Faculty, Centre for Training in Psychotherapy, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In 1970 Henri Ellenberger called attention to the previously unrecognized importance of Franz Anton Mesmer's "animal magnetism" in the rise of psychodynamic psychology in the West. This article takes the next step of tracing the course of events that led to Puységur's discovery of magnetic somnambulism and describing the tumultuous social and political climate into which it was introduced in 1784. Beginning from the secret and private publication of his first Mémoires, only a few copies of which remain today, the original core of his discovery is identified and the subsequent development of its implications are examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbs.21974DOI Listing
July 2019
3 Reads

Guanfacine Treatment of Sleepwalking.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Jul/Aug;39(4):409-410

Department of Psychiatry Unity Point Health-Methodist Peoria, IL. Department of Psychiatry University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Peoria, IL. Department of Psychiatry University of Louisville School of Medicine Louisville, KY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000001070DOI Listing
April 2020
12 Reads

[Psychoanalytic therapy for a child with somnambulism: a case report].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2019 May;39(5):505-507

Shanghai Changning Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200335, China.

Somnambulism is defined as a state of dissociated consciousness triggered by impaired arousal, which results in partial wakefulness and partial sleep. No effective therapy or medication has been available for treating children with somnambulism. Herein we present a case in a 4. Read More

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http://www.j-smu.com/oa/darticle.aspx?type=view&id=20190
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.05.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6743939PMC
May 2019
9 Reads

Parasomnia overlap disorder with adolescent-onset presumed REM sleep behavior disorder converting to Parkinson's disease after 48 years.

Sleep Med 2019 05 12;57:97-99. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Newcastle Regional Sleep Service, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: It is now recognized that the vast majority of individuals with typical RBD will develop a synucleinopathy; usually 11-16 years after symptom onset. Parasomnia Overlap Disorder (POD) with adolescent-onset dream enactment behavior with phenoconversion to neurodegenerative disease after a long latency has not been previously described.

Patient: We present a case of a 65-year-old man with presumptive POD who had co-morbid childhood onset sleep walking and adolescent-onset dream enactment behavior beginning at age 17, with subsequent evolution to an increasingly troublesome REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) at age 64 with Parkinson's Disease (PD) developing a year later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2019.01.041DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads
3.154 Impact Factor

Effect of maternal smoking in pregnancy and childhood on child and adolescent sleep outcomes to 21 years: a birth cohort study.

BMC Pediatr 2019 03 6;19(1):70. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, QLD, Brisbane, 4006, Australia.

Background: The effects of prenatal maternal smoking have been studied extensively, however little research has examined the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal smoking on offspring sleep, particularly over several developmental periods. We examined the effects of prenatal maternal smoking and postnatal smoking from birth to 14 years, on offspring sleep at 6 months, 5, 14 and 21 years.

Methods: This was a prospective, community-based birth cohort study involving 7223 women who delivered a singleton child in Brisbane, Australia between 1981 and 1983. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1439-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402153PMC
March 2019
10 Reads
1.918 Impact Factor

A Case of Buspirone Demonstrating Immediate and Sustained Benefit in a Man With Lifelong Non-Rapid-Eye-Movement Parasomnias.

Clin Neuropharmacol 2019 Mar/Apr;42(2):52-54

Departments of Family Medicine and.

Background: Non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) parasomnias are disorders of sleep ranging from confusional arousals to sleepwalking and sleep-related eating disorders. Historically, antidepressants and benzodiazepines were recommended in treatment of NREM parasomnias. In this case report, we are reporting the use of buspirone in a patient with NREM parasomnias, which produced substantial resolution of symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNF.0000000000000321DOI Listing
June 2019
62 Reads

Low-Dose Aripiprazole-Associated Sleepwalking in a Long-Term Zolpidem Treatment Patient With a Depressive Episode: A Case Report.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Mar/Apr;39(2):174-175

Department of Psychiatry Tri-Service General Hospital National Defense Medical Center Taipei, Taiwan Department of Psychiatry Beitou Branch Tri-Service General Hospital National Defense Medical Center and Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences National Defense Medical Center Taipei, Taiwan

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000001001DOI Listing
September 2019
7 Reads

Behavior and sleep disturbance in Smith-Magenis syndrome.

Curr Opin Psychiatry 2019 03;32(2):73-78

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an update of the most recent studies on Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) with a focus on the unique pattern of behavioral and sleep disturbances associated with the condition.

Recent Findings: The recent literature on SMS has focused on the characteristic severe behavioral and sleep disturbances. A better understanding of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and common clinical course has helped further characterize SMS, while much is left to be discovered in regard to effective treatment/management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362978PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The neurophysiological and neurochemical effects of alcohol on the brain are inconsistent with current evidence based models of sleepwalking.

Authors:
Mark R Pressman

Sleep Med Rev 2019 02 10;43:92-95. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Sleep Medicine Services, Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA, USA; Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Wynnewood, PA, USA; Department of Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Charles Widger School of Law, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA. Electronic address:

The DSM-5 and ICSD-3 have removed alcohol from the list of potential triggers for sleepwalking due to the lack of empirical evidence. Recent imaging and EEG based studies of sleepwalking and confusional arousals have provided a more data-based method of examining if alcohol is compatible with what is known about the neurophysiology and neurochemistry of sleepwalking. These studies have demonstrated a deactivation of the frontal areas of the brain, while the cingulate or motor cortex remains active and characterized activation in the form of beta EEG. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10870792183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
42 Reads

Sleepwalking.

Authors:
Isabelle Arnulf

Curr Biol 2018 11 19;28(22):R1288-R1289. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle, Sorbonne University, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Arnulf describes the fascinating behavior of sleepwalking and its associated parasomnias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.09.062DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads

Somnambulism associated with the use of clonidine: A case report and review of the literature.

Indian J Psychiatry 2018 Jul-Sep;60(3):372-373

Department of Psychiatry, WellSpan- Philhaven- Meadowlands, York, PA, USA. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_463_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201669PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

[Effects of Short-term Nap and Light Physical Exercise on Sleep among Elderly Patients with Mild-to-Moderate Dementia in Communal Living Group Homes].

Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi 2018 ;73(3):365-372

Graduate School of Health and Nursing Science, Wakayama Medical University.

Objectives: In this study, we examined whether a combined regimen of a short-term nap and a light physical exercise is effective in improving sleep among elderly individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia in communal living group homes.

Methods: Twenty-three female residents (aged 87.4±5. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jjh/73/3/73_365/_articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1265/jjh.73.365DOI Listing
October 2018
41 Reads

EMDR Treatment of a 10 Years Old Boy Who Suffered from Continuous Overnight Waking - A Case Report.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Jul;30(Suppl 5):271-275

Private psychotherapist, Psychotherapy-Trlin.com, Fra Franje Miličevića 43, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

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July 2018
6 Reads
0.653 Impact Factor

Do pre-school episodic syndromes predict migraine in primary school children? A retrospective cohort study on health care data.

Cephalalgia 2019 04 4;39(4):497-503. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

3 Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Objective: To assess the relative risk, predictive value and population attributable risk fraction of pre-school episodic syndromes for later migraine in primary school age children.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used health insurance data on 55,035 children born in 2006 with no diagnosis of migraine up to the age of 5 years. The relative risk, probability and population attributable risk fraction of migraine prompting a physician visit at the age of 6-10 years in children with episodic syndromes included in the International Classification of Headache Disorders (benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo, cyclic vomiting syndrome, recurrent abdominal symptoms and abdominal migraine) and those not included in the International Classification of Headache Disorders (pavor nocturnus, somnabulism and bruxism) diagnosed up to the age of 5 years were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102418791820DOI Listing
April 2019
53 Reads

Deformities of Nature: Sleepwalking and Non-Conscious States of Mind in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain.

Authors:
Sasha Handley

J Hist Ideas 2017 07;78(3):401-25

A young man of a cholerick constitution lying asleep upon his bed, rose up thence on the sudden, took a sword, opened the doors, and muttering much to himself went into the street, where he quarrelled alone, and fancying that he was in fight with his enemies, he made divers passes, till at length he fell down, and through an unhappy slip of his sword, he gave himself a dangerous wound upon the breast. Hereupon being awaked and affrighted, and dreading lest such his night-walkings might at some time or other create him as great dangers, he sent for me to be his physician, and was accordingly cured. Read More

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July 2017
9 Reads

Validation of semiautomatic scoring of REM sleep without atonia in patients with RBD.

Sleep Med 2018 06 31;46:107-113. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Bosse Klinik, Department of Neurology/Psychiatry, Hans-Lufft-Str. 5, 06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Germany.

Objective/background: To evaluate REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) in REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) several automatic algorithms have been developed. We aimed to validate our algorithm (Mayer et al., 2008) in order to assess the following: (1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.03.010DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Parasomnias and Migraine: A Role of Orexinergic Projections.

Front Neurol 2018 28;9:95. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Center for Childhood Headache, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Sleep and migraine share a common pathophysiological substrate, although the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The serotonergic and orexinergic systems are both involved in the regulation of sleep/wake cycle, and numerous studies show that both are involved in the migraine etiopathogenesis. These two systems are anatomically and functionally interconnected. Read More

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http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fneur.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5835506PMC
February 2018
23 Reads

Altered brain perfusion patterns in wakefulness and slow-wave sleep in sleepwalkers.

Sleep 2018 05;41(5)

Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Study Objectives: The present study assessed brain perfusion patterns with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during sleepwalkers' post-sleep deprivation slow-wave sleep (SWS) and resting-state wakefulness.

Methods: Following a 24 hr period of sleep deprivation, 10 sleepwalkers and 10 sex- and age-matched controls were scanned with a high-resolution SPECT scanner. Participants were injected with 99mTc-ethylene cysteinate dimer after 2 min of stable SWS within their first sleep cycle as well as during resting-state wakefulness, both after a subsequent 24 hr period of sleep deprivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsy039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5946932PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

[Accidental ocular instillation of superglue in a sleepwalker].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2018 Mar 12;41(3):e111-e112. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Service d'ophtalmologie, université catholique de Louvain, CHU UCL NAMUR, avenue Dr Thérasse, 1, 5530 Yvoir, Belgique.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2017.06.014DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

[REM-sleep behavior disorder and sleepwalking in a patient with Parkinson's disease and essential tremor].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2017;117(12):88-94

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

REM-sleep behavior disorder (RBD), a form of parasomnia, is characterized by motor and/or speech activity during sleep corresponding to the dream content. RBD is currently considered as a marker of onset of neurodegenerative diseases (sinucleinopathies) and as a most specific early symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). The authors describe a clinical case of a patient with the combination of essential tremor, initial signs of PD and RBD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201711712188-94DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Diagnostic criteria for disorders of arousal: A video-polysomnographic assessment.

Ann Neurol 2018 02 10;83(2):341-351. Epub 2018 Feb 10.

Sleep Disorders Unit, National Reference Center for Narcolepsy and Hypersomnia, Neurology Department, Gui de Chauliac Hospital, Montpellier, France.

Objective: To assess video-polysomnographic (vPSG) criteria and their cutoff values for the diagnosis of disorders of arousal (DOAs; sleepwalking, sleep terror).

Methods: One hundred sixty adult patients with DOAs and 50 sex- and age-matched healthy participants underwent a clinical evaluation and vPSG assessment to quantify slow wave sleep (SWS) interruptions (SWS fragmentation index, slow/mixed and fast arousal ratios, and indexes per hour) and the associated behaviors. First, a case-control analysis was performed in 100 patients and the 50 controls to define the optimal cutoff values using receiver operating characteristic curves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25153DOI Listing
February 2018
29 Reads

A preliminary survey on prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in Buner District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Sleep Breath 2018 Dec 20;22(4):973-979. Epub 2018 Jan 20.

Department of Zoology, Islamia College University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Purpose: Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015-November 2016.

Methods: Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-018-1629-3DOI Listing
December 2018
43 Reads

Adult-Onset Sleepwalking Secondary to Hyperthyroidism: Polygraphic Evidence.

J Clin Sleep Med 2018 02 15;14(2):285-287. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "G.F. Ingrassia", Section of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Abstract: Sleepwalking is a disorder characterized by complex motor behaviors arising from slow wave sleep usually occurring in children. The adult onset of sleepwalking suggests the presence of an external precipitating factor leading to the occurrence of the disorder. Hyperthyroidism has been reported to be the possible cause of sleepwalking in a few cases. Read More

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http://jcsm.aasm.org/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=31195
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.6954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786849PMC
February 2018
18 Reads

Specific motor patterns of arousal disorders in adults: a video-polysomnographic analysis of 184 episodes.

Sleep Med 2018 01 7;41:102-109. Epub 2017 Oct 7.

Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: To compile an objective accurate description of the motor patterns of adult arousal disorders (ADs).

Methods: We reviewed 59 nocturnal video-polysomnographic (VPSG) recordings of 30 adult patients (>15 years) with a history of sleepwalking (SW). We scrutinized the semeiology of all 184 episodes recorded, classifying them into three groups according to three semeiological motor patterns characterized by increasing intensity and complexity: simple arousal movements (pattern I), characterized by head flexion/extension, head flexion/extension and limb movement or head flexion/extension and partial trunk flexion/extension; rising arousal movements (pattern II), characterized by a complete trunk flexion with patient sitting up in bed; and complex arousal with ambulatory movements (pattern III) characterized by SW. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13899457173036
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2017.08.019DOI Listing
January 2018
28 Reads

Demographic, Clinical and Polysomnographic Characteristics of Childhood- and Adult-Onset Sleepwalking in Adults.

Eur Neurol 2017 26;78(5-6):307-311. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Sleep-Wake-Epilepsy Center (SWEZ), Department of Neurology, University Hospital (Inselspital) and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Sleepwalking (SW) is found to affect children predominantly, but it can persist or appear de novo even among adults. In this study, we assessed the demographic, clinical and polysomnographic profile, trigger factors and associated comorbidities of adult-onset (AO-SW) and childhood-onset (CO-SW) adult sleepwalkers.

Methods: In adult sleepwalkers, a structured clinical interview, a battery of questionnaires, video-polysomnography (v-PSG) and standard electroencephalography (EEG) were performed. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/481685
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481685DOI Listing
December 2018
33 Reads

Distinct locomotor control and awareness in awake sleepwalkers.

Curr Biol 2017 Oct;27(20):R1102-R1104

Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland; Center for Neuroprosthetics, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Neurology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Sleepwalkers' complex nocturnal behaviors have inspired fictional characters from Shakespeare's Lady Macbeth to Polidori's Vampyre to Cesare, the homicidal somnambulist in The Cabinet of Dr Caligari. Yet although the underlying pathophysiology of sleepwalking, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.08.060DOI Listing
October 2017
60 Reads

What Does the Sleeping Brain Say? Syntax and Semantics of Sleep Talking in Healthy Subjects and in Parasomnia Patients.

Sleep 2017 11;40(11)

Speech Therapy School, ELLIADD EA 4661, Franche-Comté University, Besançon, France.

Objectives: Speech is a complex function in humans, but the linguistic characteristics of sleep talking are unknown. We analyzed sleep-associated speech in adults, mostly (92%) during parasomnias.

Methods: The utterances recorded during night-time video-polysomnography were analyzed for number of words, propositions and speech episodes, frequency, gaps and pauses (denoting turn-taking in the conversation), lemmatization, verbosity, negative/imperative/interrogative tone, first/second person, politeness, and abuse. Read More

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http://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/doi/10.1093/sleep/zsx1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsx159DOI Listing
November 2017
27 Reads

Final chapter, From India to the Planet Mars: A Study of a Case of Somnambulism with Glossolalia, by Théodore Flournoy (1900).

Hist Psychiatry 2018 Mar 13;29(1):110-125. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Parapsychology Foundation, USA.

Among the many attempts to explain mediumship psychologically at the turn of the century were the efforts of Swiss psychologist Théodore Flournoy (1854-1920). In his well-known book Des Indes à la Planète Mars (1900), translated as From India to the Planet Mars (1900), Flournoy analysed the mediumistic productions of medium Hélène Smith (1861-1929), consisting of accounts of previous lives in France and in India, and material about planet Mars. Flournoy explained the phenomena as a function of cryptomnesia, suggestive influences, and subconscious creativity, analyses that influenced both psychology and psychical research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0957154X17734782DOI Listing
March 2018
30 Reads

Suvorexant: scientifically interesting, utility uncertain.

Australas Psychiatry 2017 Dec 10;25(6):622-624. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Senior Fellow, Centre for Mental Health Education and Research at Delmont Private Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: Suvorexant, a new hypnotic, is indicated for the treatment of insomnia characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance, and is used long-term. This paper will briefly review suvorexant.

Results: Orexin is a hypothalamic peptide which promotes wakefulness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856217734677DOI Listing
December 2017
96 Reads

Benefits of switching to suvorexant for mild primary insomnia when sleepwalking episodes occur during zolpidem treatment.

Asian J Psychiatr 2017 Dec 1;30:122-123. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Suzuki Clinic, 3-34-16 Hamadayama, Suginami, Tokyo 168-0065, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Fukui Kinen Hospital, Kanagawa 238-0115, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Shakomae Kokorono Clinic, Tokyo 116-0011, Japan; Department of Data Science, Center for Clinical Science, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2017.08.022DOI Listing
December 2017
24 Reads

Sleep in children with Angelman syndrome: Parental concerns and priorities.

Res Dev Disabil 2017 Oct 30;69:105-115. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Cerebra Centre for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Angelman syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome, in which sleep disturbances are reported for 20-80% of individuals (Williams et al., 2006). This interview study delineated parental perceptions of sleep problems experienced by children with Angelman syndrome and the impact on parental sleep quality, health and wellbeing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2017.07.017DOI Listing
October 2017
18 Reads

Assessment and treatment of sleepwalking in clinical practice.

Authors:
Helen M Stallman

Aust Fam Physician 2017 ;46(8):590-593

Background: Sleepwalking is a relatively common and innocuous arousal disorder during non‑rapid eye movement sleep.

Objective: This paper provides a review of the most recent science on sleepwalking to guide clinical decision-making.

Discussion: Most patients who sleepwalk do not require treatment, but comorbid sleep disorders that result in daytime tiredness, and behaviour and emotional problems require assessment and interventions. Read More

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May 2018
51 Reads

Deformities of Nature: Sleepwalking and Non-Conscious States of Mind in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain.

Authors:
Sasha Handley

J Hist Ideas 2017;78(3):401-425

This article examines the didactic appropriation of sleepwalking reports in late eighteenth-century Britain in pedagogical treatises, conduct books, and children's literature. It examines how and why reports of sleepwalkers were used to edify young minds and in so doing traces a critical shift in understandings of sleepwalkers, which were transformed from preternatural wonders to deformities of nature that exemplified the dangerous consequences of irrational, unregulated bodies and minds. This new role was predicated on new medical and philosophical understandings of sleepwalking and on the prioritisation of developmental psychology by pedagogues and philosophers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/jhi.2017.0023DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Gray matter abnormalities of the dorsal posterior cingulate in sleep walking.

Sleep Med 2017 Aug 29;36:152-155. Epub 2017 May 29.

Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; Neuroimaging Research Core Facility, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to determine whether voxel-based analysis of T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging is able to detect alterations of gray and white matter morphometry as well as measures of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy in patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia.

Methods: 3 Tesla MRI was performed in 14 drug-free, polysomnography-confirmed adult patients with non-rapid eye movement parasomnia (age: 29 ± 4.2 years; disease duration 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2017.05.007DOI Listing
August 2017
59 Reads

Sleepwalking Is Associated With Coadministration of Olanzapine and Propranolol: A Case Report.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2017 10;37(5):622-623

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, China Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, China Department of Clinical Pharmacy, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, China

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000000742DOI Listing
October 2017
14 Reads

A patient with childhood-onset aggressive parasomnia diagnosed 50 years later with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder and a history of sleepwalking.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2017 Sep 5;160:105-107. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Sleep Medicine Center, Translational Neuroscience Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2017.07.001DOI Listing
September 2017
24 Reads

Psychiatric Illness and Parasomnias: a Systematic Review.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2017 Jul;19(7):37

Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology & PERFORM Center, Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke St. West, SP 165.27, Montreal, H4B 1R6, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-017-0789-3DOI Listing
July 2017
69 Reads

Is there a common motor dysregulation in sleepwalking and REM sleep behaviour disorder?

J Sleep Res 2017 10 17;26(5):614-622. Epub 2017 May 17.

Sleep Disorders Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, APHP, Paris, France.

This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12544DOI Listing
October 2017
46 Reads

[Life-threatening sleepwalking (Elpenor's syndrome) in a 10-year-old child].

Arch Pediatr 2017 Jun 23;24(6):557-560. Epub 2017 Apr 23.

Service de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, CHU de Caen, 4, avenue Georges-Clemenceau, 14033 Caen cedex 9, France; Inserm U1077, neuropsychologie et neuroanatomie fonctionnelle de la mémoire humaine, 2, rue des Rochambelles, 14032 Caen cedex, France; Université Caen Normandie, pôle de formation et de recherche en santé, 2, rue des Rochambelles, 14032 Caen cedex, France. Electronic address:

Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2017.03.011DOI Listing
June 2017
32 Reads

Sexsomnia: A Specialized Non-REM Parasomnia?

Sleep 2017 Feb;40(2)

Sleep Disorders Unit and Hospital-University, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (APHP).

Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers.

Aims And Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography.

Results: Seventeen patients (70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsw043DOI Listing
February 2017
58 Reads