755 results match your criteria Somnambulism Sleep Walking

Noonan syndrome with somnambulism: A rare case report.

Ind Psychiatry J 2020 Jul-Dec;29(2):339-341. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D Y Patil Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant, genetic, multisystem disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 1000-2500 live births. Characteristic features of the condition include distinctive myopathic facial features, hypertelorism, short and broad nose, webbed neck, and low set ears. About 10% of the subjects have auditory defects due to sensorineural hearing loss. Read More

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Frequent, complex and vivid dream-like/hallucinatory experiences during NREM sleep parasomnia episodes.

Sleep Med 2021 Jun 2;82:61-64. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Sleep Medicine Unit, Neurocenter of Southern Switzerland, Ospedale Civico, Lugano, Switzerland; Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università Della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland; Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland.

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A safety signal of somnambulism with the use of antipsychotics and lithium: A pharmacovigilance disproportionality analysis.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Univ. Bordeaux, Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, team Pharmacoepidemiology, UMR 1219, Bordeaux, F-33000, France.

Aims: Antipsychotics and lithium are widely used in psychiatry, particularly in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. Recently, some cases of somnambulism or sleep-related eating disorder (SRED) have been reported in patients treated with these drugs. This study investigated the risk of reporting somnambulism or SRED associated with the use of antipsychotics and lithium. Read More

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Restless Sleep Disorder in children with NREM Parasomnias.

Sleep 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Sleep and Disorders Unit, Istanbul, Turkey.

Study Objectives: Restless sleep disorder (RSD) is a newly defined sleep disorder in the pediatric age group. Here we investigated the frequency of RSD and the sleep characteristics in children with NREM (non-rapid eye movements) parasomnias associated with RSD.

Methods: We analyzed all patients with NREM parasomnias for the last one year, and investigated the clinical and polysomnographic characteristics. Read More

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February 2021

The Arousal Disorders Questionnaire: a new and effective screening tool for confusional arousals, Sleepwalking and Sleep Terrors in epilepsy and sleep disorders units.

Sleep Med 2021 Apr 29;80:279-285. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Arousal Disorders (DoA) include Confusional Arousals, Sleepwalking and Sleep Terrors. DoA diagnosis is mainly clinical but no validated questionnaires exist for DoA screening according to the criteria of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition. Recently our group proposed the Arousal Disorders Questionnaire (ADQ) as a new diagnostic tool for DoA diagnosis. Read More

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NonREM Disorders of Arousal and Related Parasomnias: an Updated Review.

Neurotherapeutics 2021 01 1;18(1):124-139. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Neurology, Sleep Disorders Center, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Parasomnias are abnormal behaviors and/or experiences emanating from or associated with sleep typically manifesting as motor movements of varying semiology. We discuss mainly nonrapid eye movement sleep and related parasomnias in this article. Sleepwalking (SW), sleep terrors (ST), confusional arousals, and related disorders result from an incomplete dissociation of wakefulness from nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Read More

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January 2021

Spindles insufficiency in sleepwalkers' deep sleep.

Neurophysiol Clin 2020 Oct 4;50(5):339-343. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur, Montréal, Canada; Department of Neurosciences, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Objectives: Sleepwalkers have consistently shown N3 sleep discontinuity, especially after sleep deprivation. In healthy subjects, sleep spindles activity has been positively correlated to sleep stability. We aimed to compare spindles density during N3 sleep between sleepwalkers and healthy controls. Read More

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October 2020

NREM parasomnia as a dream enacting behavior.

A L Rocha I Arnulf

Sleep Med 2020 11 6;75:103-105. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Sleep Disorder Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France; [email protected], Sorbonne University, Paris, France. Electronic address:

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November 2020

You must become Caligari!

Simon Guerrier

Lancet Psychiatry 2020 08;7(8):670-671

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Increased behavioral inhibition trait and negative stress coping in non-rapid eye movement parasomnias.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 10;16(10):1737-1744

Department of Neurology, Institute of Translational Neurology, University Hospital Muenster, Muenster, Germany.

Study Objectives: Reduced gray matter volume in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) has recently been found in patients with non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnia, providing a neuroanatomical substrate for the arousal state dissociation. It remains unclear whether PCC changes in NREM parasomnias might also play a role in cognitive or affective dysfunction in these patients. The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate neurobehavioral correlates of PCC abnormalities in patients with NREM parasomnia. Read More

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October 2020

The mysteries of hysteria: a historical perspective.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Aug - Sep;32(5-6):437-450. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Neurology and Neuro-rehabilitation, Swiss Medical Network Neurocenter, Montreux, Switzerland.

Jean-Martin Charcot started his main work on hysteria around 1870, until his death in 1893. Désiré Bourneville had triggered Charcot's interest in hysteria during his stay as an in his department, while Charles Richet's 1875 article on somnambulism was the trigger for Charcot to develop hypnotism. Charcot's collaborators Paul Richer, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Joseph Babinski, Sigmund Freud and Pierre Janet subsequently became most famous in hysteria. Read More

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From ecstasy to divine somnambulism: Henri Delacroix's studies in the history and psychology of mysticism.

Matei Iagher

Hist Psychol 2020 11 14;23(4):333-350. Epub 2020 May 14.

University College London.

This article aims at placing Henri Delacroix's (1908) book on the psychology of mysticism in the context of debates in the psychology of religion in the earlier part of the 20th century. I argue that Delacroix's work was authored as part of a wider debate that Delacroix maintained with the American school of the psychology of religion regarding the role of emotions in religious experience. As I show, Delacroix sought to counter the primacy of the affective in religious experience, which the Americans maintained, and to introduce the notion of a developmental logic into the mystical life. Read More

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November 2020

A case of somnambulism?

Paul Batchelor

Br Dent J 2020 04;228(8):565

Honorary Clinical Professor, School of Medicine, University of Central Lancashire, UK.

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Association of eszopiclone, zaleplon, or zolpidem with complex sleep behaviors resulting in serious injuries, including death.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2020 06 22;29(6):684-691. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Division of Pharmacovigilance, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

Purpose: To identify and analyze postmarketing cases of complex sleep behaviors (CSBs) resulting in serious injuries, including death, associated with eszopiclone, zaleplon, or zolpidem (Z-drugs).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of the U.S. Read More

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Risperidone-induced Somnambulism: A Case Report and Brief Review of Literature.

Cureus 2020 Mar 10;12(3):e7238. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, IND.

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been recommended as the first-line agents in the treatment of schizophrenia. They are usually not associated with extrapyramidal symptoms and hyperprolactinemia. There is no previously reported case on somnambulism associated with risperidone intake. Read More

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Level of sleep disorders among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Feb;70(2):259-263

Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To measure the level of sleep disorders among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and to see if there was any difference in terms of demographic variables and socioeconomic status.

Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted from March to June 2017, and data was collected through purposive sampling from different tertiary health care centres of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Sleep-50-Urdu scale was used to measure sleep disorders among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Read More

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February 2020

Eyes wide open minds shut best identify disorders of arousal in adult sleepwalkers.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 01 4;16(1):7-8. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Cleveland Clinic Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Sleep Disorders and Epilepsy Centers, Cleveland, Ohio.

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January 2020

Simple behavioral criteria for the diagnosis of disorders of arousal.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 01 4;16(1):121-128. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

AP-HP, Pitié -Salpêtrière Hospital, Sleep Disorders Unit, Paris, France.

Study Objectives: This case-control study aimed to identify and validate behavioral markers supporting the diagnosis of disorders of arousal (DOA) with video polysomnography.

Methods: All behaviors associated with 1,335 episodes of N3 interruptions were compared in 52 adult patients with DOA versus 52 participants without DOA (healthy control patients and patients with insomnia, hypersomnia, or sleep apnea syndrome).

Results: Patients with DOA had more frequent (5. Read More

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January 2020

Association Between Objectively Measured Sleep Duration and Symptoms of Psychiatric Disorders in Middle Childhood.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 12 2;2(12):e1918281. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Importance: The long-term association between sleep duration and mental health in children is currently unknown.

Objective: To investigate the prospective associations between sleep duration and symptoms of emotional and behavioral disorders at ages 6, 8, 10, and 12 years.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based cohort study obtained data from the Trondheim Early Secure Study in Trondheim, Norway. Read More

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December 2019

Update on nonpharmacological interventions in parasomnias.

Postgrad Med 2020 Jan 11;132(1):72-79. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Sleep Wake Epilepsy Center and Department of Neurology, Inselspital University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Parasomnias are abnormal behaviors that occur during sleep and can be associated, in particular during adulthood, with impaired sleep quality, daytime dysfunction, and occasionally with violent and harmful nocturnal behaviors. In these cases, therapies are often considered. Longterm pharmacological treatments are not always well tolerated and often have limited efficacy. Read More

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January 2020

Adrenergic reactions during N3 sleep arousals in sleepwalking and sleep terrors: The chicken or the egg?

J Sleep Res 2020 12 19;29(6):e12946. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Sleep Disorder Unit, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital (APHP), Paris, France.

To understand the mechanisms of N3 sleep interruptions in patients with sleepwalking episodes and/or sleep terrors (SW/ST), we evaluated whether autonomic reactions preceded or accompanied behavioural arousals from NREM sleep stage N3. In 20 adult patients with SW/ST and 20 matched controls without parasomnia, heart rate and pulse wave amplitude were measured beat-to-beat during the 10 beats preceding and during the 15 beats succeeding a motor arousal from N3 sleep. Respiratory rate and amplitude were measured during the same 25 successive beats. Read More

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December 2020

Successful Treatment of Somnambulism With OROS-Methylphenidate.

J Clin Sleep Med 2019 11;15(11):1683-1685

Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

None: Somnambulism is a non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnia with potential for significant injury as well as functional nighttime and daytime impairment. Clonazepam is frequently used as first line pharmacotherapy. However, the optimal treatment of somnambulism has not been established. Read More

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November 2019

Electroencephalogram abnormalities in patients with NREM parasomnias.

Sleep Med 2021 01 28;77:256-260. Epub 2019 May 28.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: Electroencephalographic (EEG) changes in patients with NREM parasomnias (NRP) occur in sleep architecture as changes in slow wave sleep or cyclic pattern, which are not considered abnormal. However, abnormalities in EEG in these patients have recently been reported, indicating that EEG patterns in NRPs are not definitive. Moreover, most of the polysomnography (PSG) findings in NRP patients were reported in the adult population requiring data from pediatric population to avoid bias in conclusion. Read More

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January 2021

1784: The Marquis de Puységur and the psychological turn in the west.

Adam Crabtree

J Hist Behav Sci 2019 Jul 4;55(3):199-215. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Faculty, Centre for Training in Psychotherapy, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In 1970 Henri Ellenberger called attention to the previously unrecognized importance of Franz Anton Mesmer's "animal magnetism" in the rise of psychodynamic psychology in the West. This article takes the next step of tracing the course of events that led to Puységur's discovery of magnetic somnambulism and describing the tumultuous social and political climate into which it was introduced in 1784. Beginning from the secret and private publication of his first Mémoires, only a few copies of which remain today, the original core of his discovery is identified and the subsequent development of its implications are examined. Read More

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Guanfacine Treatment of Sleepwalking.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Jul/Aug;39(4):409-410

Department of Psychiatry Unity Point Health-Methodist Peoria, IL. Department of Psychiatry University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria Peoria, IL. Department of Psychiatry University of Louisville School of Medicine Louisville, KY.

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[Psychoanalytic therapy for a child with somnambulism: a case report].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2019 May;39(5):505-507

Shanghai Changning Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200335, China.

Somnambulism is defined as a state of dissociated consciousness triggered by impaired arousal, which results in partial wakefulness and partial sleep. No effective therapy or medication has been available for treating children with somnambulism. Herein we present a case in a 4. Read More

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Sleepwalking and Sleep Paralysis: Prevalence in Colombian Families With Genetic Generalized Epilepsy.

J Child Neurol 2019 08 23;34(9):491-498. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Grupo Mapeo Genético, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin-Colombia.

Background: Sleep deprivation commonly increases seizure frequency in patients with genetic generalized epilepsy, though it is unknown whether there is an increased prevalence of sleepwalking or sleep paralysis in genetic generalized epilepsy patients. Establishing this could provide insights into the bio-mechanisms or genetic architecture of both disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sleepwalking and sleep paralysis in a cohort of patients with genetic generalized epilepsy and their relatives in extended families. Read More

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Parasomnia overlap disorder with adolescent-onset presumed REM sleep behavior disorder converting to Parkinson's disease after 48 years.

Sleep Med 2019 05 12;57:97-99. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Newcastle Regional Sleep Service, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: It is now recognized that the vast majority of individuals with typical RBD will develop a synucleinopathy; usually 11-16 years after symptom onset. Parasomnia Overlap Disorder (POD) with adolescent-onset dream enactment behavior with phenoconversion to neurodegenerative disease after a long latency has not been previously described.

Patient: We present a case of a 65-year-old man with presumptive POD who had co-morbid childhood onset sleep walking and adolescent-onset dream enactment behavior beginning at age 17, with subsequent evolution to an increasingly troublesome REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) at age 64 with Parkinson's Disease (PD) developing a year later. Read More

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