19,512 results match your criteria Somatoform Disorders


A study of psychiatric morbidity among school going adolescents.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):198-203

Department of Community Medicine, GMC, Patiala, Punjab, India.

Aim: This study aims to study the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among adolescents and compare its distribution in the urban and rural areas.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study.

Materials And Methods: One thousand adolescents aged 11 to 16 years studying in various private and government schools in urban and rural areas in district Patiala, Punjab were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_35_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425794PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Utilization of Emergency Psychiatry Service in a Tertiary Care Centre in North Eastern India: A Retrospective Study.

Indian J Psychol Med 2019 Mar-Apr;41(2):167-172

Department of Psychiatry, Subharti Medical College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Background: In a developing country like India, with a lot of psychosocial stressors and ample stigma toward psychiatry, we studied the sociodemographic pattern of the patients coming to a tertiary care center for emergency psychiatry services and also evaluated the types and pattern of emergency services provided to them. We also assessed the predominant presenting complaints with which patients presented at the emergency department, "reasons for referral" in an emergency by other departments, and types of psychiatric diagnoses in the patients.

Subjects And Methods: Data were extracted retrospectively from the general emergency and psychiatry emergency register of Silchar Medical College and Hospital for 1 year and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_55_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436401PMC

[Somatoform disorders: 10 key messages].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):223

Service d'explorations fonctionnelles du système nerveux, clinique du sommeil, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France USR CNRS 3413 SANPSY, CHU Pellegrin, université de Bordeaux, France.

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February 2019

[Innovative treatments in disorders functional neurological symptoms disorder].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):221-222

Sorbonne Universités, département de psychiatrie adulte et de psychologie médicale, AP-HP, hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

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February 2019
3 Reads

[Syndrome de l'intestin irritable : de la comorbidité anxiodépressive au microbiote].

Authors:
Guillaume Fond

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):219-220

Université Aix- Marseille, faculté de médecine, secteur La Timone, EA 3279 : CEReSS (Centre d'étude et de recherche sur les services de santé et la qualité de vie), Marseille, France.

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February 2019
1 Read

[Non-epileptic psychogenic seizures: a renewal approach of conversion disorders].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):214-218

Centre hospitalier universitaire de Nancy, unité d'épileptologie, Nancy, France.

Non-epileptic psychogenic seizures: a renewal approach of conversion disorders. Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are characterized by a paroxystic modification of behaviour or consciousness that resemble to an epileptic seizure. They are classified as dissociative or somatoform disorders. Read More

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February 2019
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[Quelle attitude face à un patient ayant un trouble somatoforme ?]

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):209-213

CHU de Saint-Étienne, hôpital Nord, service de médecine interne, Saint-Étienne, France.

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February 2019
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[The contribution of research in functional neurological symptoms disorders].

Authors:
Nathalie Chastan

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):207-208

Service de neurophysiologie, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France. Université de Normandie, UNICAEN, INSERM U1075, Caen, France.

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February 2019
3 Reads

[Hypochondria: excessive health concern disorder or somatic symptom disorder?]

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):205-206

Centre hospitalier Charles-Perrens, pôle universitaire de psychiatrie adulte, Bordeaux, France. Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

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February 2019
1 Read

[Definition of somatoform disorders: somatic symptoms or mental symptoms?]

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):197-204

Centre hospitalier Charles-Perrens, pôle universitaire de psychiatrie adulte, Bordeaux, France. Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Definition of somatoform disorders: somatic symptoms or mental symptoms? Somatoform disorders, which used to be considered as mental disorders, are frequent, especially in the context of non-psychiatric medical consultations. The absence of an identifiable organic cause for these disorders often leads clinicians to underestimates their harmful consequences or even challenge their validity as disease. However, they are real disorders that may have a major impact on the quality of life and functional outcomes of the subject and whose mechanisms can be targeted by therapeutic interventions. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

[Somatoform disorders: make the diagnosis, avoid aggravating, consider the patient's suffering].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):195-196

Service d'explorations fonctionnelles du système nerveux, clinique du sommeil, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France USR CNRS 3413 SANPSY, CHU Pellegrin, université de Bordeaux, France.

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February 2019

Implementation of outcome measurement (HoNOS) in an outpatient psychiatric clinic in Sligo/Leitrim mental health service.

Ir J Med Sci 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Clinical Outcomes Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Background: Routine clinical outcome monitoring (RCOM) is the standardised gathering of measures of clinical outcomes in everyday practice. HoNOS (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales) is a tool used in RCOM.

Aims: To examine (a) agreement between HoNOS and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), (b) HoNOS changes over time/attendance and (c) clinical parameters affecting HoNOS scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-019-02015-6DOI Listing

Health-related life events in patients with somatic symptom disorders: A case control study.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 10:20764019842278. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1 G.K. Reddy Hospital, Kadapa, India.

Background: The positive association between adverse life events and somatoform disorders is a consistent observation. But no systematic studies have evaluated the relationship between health-related life events (HLEs) in patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD)/somatoform disorders.

Aim: To examine the nature and relationship of HLE in patients with SSD and to assess the correlates of HLE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019842278DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Emotional dysregulation subgroups in patients with adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a cluster analytic approach.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 4;9(1):5639. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Emotion regulation deficits (ERD) are evident in about 34-70% of the adults with ADHD. In contrast to this, they are not considered in the diagnostic criteria of the disorder. In a recent study of our research group using confirmatory factor analysis, we modeled positive and negative emotion as well as emotion regulation skills along with the classical ADHD-core symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42018-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449354PMC
April 2019
7 Reads

ICD-10 Symptom Rating questionnaire for assessment of psychological comorbidities in patients with chronic tinnitus.

HNO 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Tinnitus Center, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Tinnitus frequently occurs alongside psychological comorbidities whose assessment is important for treatment planning and -success. The selection of suitable questionnaires is thus crucial. The present study aims to investigate the ICD-10 Symptom Rating (ISR) to this regard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0625-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pain and gastrointestinal dysfunction are significant associations with psychiatric disorders in patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and hypermobility spectrum disorders: a retrospective study.

Rheumatol Int 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Fred A. Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital, 60 Murray Street, Box 34, 3rd Floor, Room 400, Toronto, ON, M5T 3L9, Canada.

In this retrospective study, we investigate the frequency and types of psychiatric disorders and their relationship to systemic manifestations in a cohort of 391 Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) and hypermobility spectrum disorder (HSD) patients based on the current 2017 International Classification of EDS diagnostic criteria. A detailed, systematic retrospective chart review was undertaken for patients assessed for HSD or EDS at two Canadian health centres. Patients were diagnosed according to the Villefranche criteria and reclassified for this study according to the 2017 International Classification of EDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-019-04293-wDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Association between induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, and infertility respectively and the risk of psychiatric disorders in 57,770 women followed in gynecological practices in Germany.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 20;251:107-113. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Aim: Our goal was to analyze the association between induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, and infertility respectively and the risk of psychiatric disorders in 57,770 women followed in gynecological practices in Germany.

Methods: This case-control study was based on data from the Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA). Women with a first documentation of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorder, or somatoform disorder in one of 281 gynecological practices in Germany between January 2013 and December 2017 were included in this study (index date). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327193017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.060DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Relationship of alcohol consumption and mental disorders common with the quality of life of patients in primary health care.

Cien Saude Colet 2019 Mar;24(3):1051-1063

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

The objective was to measure the Quality of Life (QoL) of the patients treated in Primary Health Care in the city of Rio de Janeiro and its own association with CMD, alcohol consumption and socio-demographic aspects. This is a cross-sectional study involving 624 patients in 2012/2013, using: General Health Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Screening for Somatoform Symptoms, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test e World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument (bref version). There were conducted a bivariate analysis and a multiple linear regressions for each domain of QOL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018243.01232017DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Corticolimbic fast-tracking: enhanced multimodal integration in functional neurological disorder.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Radiology, Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA

Objective: Some individuals with functional neurological disorder (FND) exhibit motor and affective disturbances, along with limbic hyper-reactivity and enhanced motor-limbic connectivity. Given that the multimodal integration network (insula, dorsal cingulate, temporoparietal junction (TPJ)) is implicated in convergent sensorimotor, affective and interoceptive processing, we hypothesised that patients with FND would exhibit altered motor and amygdalar resting-state propagation to this network. Patient-reported symptom severity and clinical outcome were also hypothesised to map onto multimodal integration areas. Read More

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http://jnnp.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319657
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319657DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Early maladaptive schemas in patients with somatoform disorders and somatization.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Maladaptive schemas are stable relational patterns that develop through harmful childhood experiences with primary caregivers. Schemas within somatoform disorders are rarely explored even though these disorders are clinically important due to high prevalence, co-morbidity, and cost for the health care system. This study investigates schemas according to Young's schema theory in patients with somatoform disorders in comparison with healthy controls and patients with depressive or anxiety disorders. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cpp.2363
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2363DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Prevalence of mental disorders and epidemiological associations in post-conflict primary care attendees: a cross-sectional study in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 4;19(1):83. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Experiencing conflict and displacement can have a negative impact on an individual's mental health. Currently, prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) at the primary care level in post-conflict areas within the Northern Province of Sri Lanka is unknown. We aimed to explore this prevalence in conflict-affected populations attending primary care, using a structured package of validated screening tools for MHDs. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2064-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399832PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

THE PROBLEM OF CO-DEPENDENCE AMONG HIV-INFECTED DRUG-ADDICTED FAMILY MEMBERS.

Georgian Med News 2019 Jan(286):87-90

National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnitsa, Ukraine.

This paper is dedicated to the study of clinical-psychopathological manifestations of co-dependence in the families of HIV-infected injecting drug users and to finding out the structure of these manifestations and how often they happen, as well as the evaluation of the role of hereditary factors in the formation of co-dependence among those who are married to HIV-infected injecting drug users. It has been established that the specificity of genealogies of patients with co-dependence is confirmed by the following factors: high frequency of mental and behavioral disorders caused by alcohol abuse, as well as mental and behavioral disorders caused by opiate abuse, assortative mating of co-dependent persons, accumulation of chemical dependencies and other dependencies like pathological gambling, personality disorders and affective disorders, comorbidity of pathologies in families of co-dependent persons and their spouses. It has also been established that in accordance with ICD-10 criteria the following clinical signs of co-dependence were manifested: mental and behavioral disorders caused by alcohol abuse (9. Read More

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January 2019
5 Reads

Factors influencing adherence to therapeutic recommendations made after diagnostic reassessment of medically unexplained symptoms in children and adolescents.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Feb 28:1359104519827995. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1 PAika (Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry), UZ Brussel (University Hospital Brussels), Belgium.

Background:: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are common among children and adolescents and may be highly impairing. Even after long diagnostic and/or therapeutic trajectories, many of these children and their parents feel dissatisfied with the advice and therapies they were given.

Objectives:: After a 2-week hospitalisation for somatic and psychiatric reassessment, children and their families were given recommendations for further treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359104519827995DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Profile of home nursing clients with mental health diagnoses: Epidemiological analysis of Australian community home nursing data.

Health Soc Care Community 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Bolton Clarke, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Mental health is an important part of overall health status and mental ill health is common within the community. There is, however, little information relating to the mental health status of those in the community accessing services such as home nursing. The aim of this study is to profile mental health diagnoses and service use of persons accessing a community home nursing service. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/hsc.12725
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12725DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Factitious Disorder and the Interdisciplinary Team: identification of signs and risk factors.

Codas 2019 Feb 21;31(1):e20180173. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS - Porto Alegre (RS), Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20182018173DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[The ICD-10 Symptom Rating questionnaire for assessment of psychological comorbidities in chronic tinnitus patients].

HNO 2019 Mar;67(3):178-183

Tinnituszentrum, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charité Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Deutschland.

Background: Psychological comorbidities are frequent in tinnitus patients and their diagnosis is important for both interventions as well as treatment success. The selection of suitable questionnaires is thus crucial. The present study aimed to investigate the ICD-10 Symptom Rating (ISR) questionnaire for the diagnosis of psychological comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0618-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pathogenesis and pathophysiology of functional (psychogenic) movement disorders.

Neurobiol Dis 2019 Feb 21;127:32-44. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Functional movement disorders (FMDs), known over time as "hysteria", "dissociative", "conversion", "somatoform", "non-organic" and "psychogenic" disorders, are characterized by having a voluntary quality, being modifiable by attention and distraction but perceived by the patient as involuntary. Although a high prevalence of depression and anxiety is observed in these patients, a definitive role of psychiatric disorders in FMDs has not been proven, and many patients do not endorse such manifestations. Stressful events, social influences and minor trauma may precede the onset of FMDs, but their pathogenic mechanisms are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Somatization and Coping in Ethnic Minority Recruits.

Mil Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

University of Basel, Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), Wilhelm Klein-Strasse 27, Basel, Switzerland.

Introduction: Military service can have beneficial social effects on minorities. However, minority groups are also often at greater risk of somatizing psychological distress and coping maladaptively. In military training this would result in lower mental health of minorities and contribute to higher drop-out rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz014DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Quality of life, self-stigma, and coping strategies in patients with neurotic spectrum disorders: a cross-sectional study.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2019 1;12:81-95. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic,

Background: Modern psychiatry focuses on self-stigma, coping strategies, and quality of life (QoL). This study looked at relationships among severity of symptoms, self-stigma, demographics, coping strategies, and QoL in patients with neurotic spectrum disorders.

Methods: A total of 153 clinically stable participants who met criteria for generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, agoraphobia, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, adjustment disorders, somatoform disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder were included in a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S179838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363490PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Natural history of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

Seizure 2019 Mar 11;66:22-25. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Neuroscience Research Center, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), who never visited a psychologist and never received a proper therapy for their condition (due to lack of resources). We also aimed to investigate factors potentially associated with the outcome in these patients.

Methods: We studied all patients with PNES, who were admitted to the epilepsy monitoring unit at the Shiraz Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, from 2008 until 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.02.006DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures treated with guided transcranial direct current stimulation: A case report.

Brain Stimul 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

CHU Lille, Hôpital Fontan, Department of Psychiatry, F-59000, Lille, France; Univ. Lille, CNRS UMR-9193, SCALab - Sciences Cognitives et Sciences Affectives, France; Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysms of either altered subjective or objective manifestations that may mimic epileptic seizures (ES), without abnormal neuronal epileptiform activity. In this report, we present the case of a 39-year-old woman with PNES and functional movement disorders, who was successfully treated with neuro-guided transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS).

Methods: We used a PET-guided tDCS approach, as a hypometabolism of the frontal region was revealed by FDG TEP scan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1935861X193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2019.01.019DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

[Psychosomatic urology: how to treat chronic urological diseases].

Aktuelle Urol 2019 Apr 14;50(2):184-189. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Ambulantes Rehabilitations-Zentrum für Urologie und Gynäkologie Heidelberg, Facharztpraxis für Urologie, Heidelberg.

In specialist urology clinics, 50 - 70 % of patients have chronic urological diseases such as recurrent urinary tract infections, a somatoform overactive bladder, adult and infantile enuresis, a chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and the psychosomatic form of post-prostatectomy incontinence. The 12-month prevalence of psychological disorders in the general adult population is 28 % 1. As many as 20 % of children and adolescents are found to have psychological abnormalities 2. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0834-5989
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0834-5989DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of Somatoform Disorders in Children and Adolescents.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Jan;61(Suppl 2):241-246

Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_494_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345131PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Functional (Psychogenic) Neurological Disorders: Assessment and Acute Management in the Emergency Department.

Semin Neurol 2019 Feb 11;39(1):102-114. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Functional Neurology Research Group, Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Functional neurological disorders (FND) are complex and prevalent neuropsychiatric conditions. Importantly, some patients with FND develop acute onset symptoms requiring emergency department (ED) evaluations. Historically, FND was a "rule-out" diagnosis, making assessment and management in the ED difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676844DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Functional neuroimaging in patients presenting with somatoform disorders: A model for investigating persisting symptoms after tick bites and post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome?

Med Mal Infect 2019 Mar 5;49(2):150-156. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Institut de neurosciences de la Timone UMR7289, campus santé, Aix-Marseille université, 13005 Marseille, France; Pôle de psychiatrie, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, 13005 Marseille, France; Fondation FondaMental, 13005 Créteil, France.

Approximately 10% of patients presenting with Lyme disease experience fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, concentration disorders, or short-term memory deficits in the six months following treatment. This entity has been defined as post-Lyme disease syndrome or post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. The pathophysiology of this syndrome is unknown, but neither persistence of the bacterium nor effectiveness of antibiotics are currently reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medmal.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiology of mental disorders during pregnancy and link to birth outcome: a large-scale retrospective observational database study including 38,000 pregnancies.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2019 Mar 8;299(3):755-763. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 440, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose: To investigate the real-life epidemiology of mental disorders during pregnancy and their impact on birth outcome in an unselected low-risk population in Germany.

Methods: Claims data of the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK) were analyzed as part of a retrospective observational study over a one-year period from 01/2008 to 12/2008 including 38,174 pregnant women. ICD-10 codes were clustered into four diagnostic groups: depression, anxiety disorders, somatoform/dissociative disorders and acute stress reactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-019-05075-2DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Approach to diagnosis of factitious disorder with unexplained hemoptysis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14152

Department of Pediatrics.

Rationale: Hemoptysis or hematemesis is a common clinical symptom in adults, but is unusually to be observed in children. Hemoptysis can occur with circulatory diseases, injuries, several types of systemic diseases, or systemic factors including factitious disorder (FD), which is difficult to be diagnosed. Here, we report a case of hemoptysis caused by FD to provide a diagnostic flow chart for such kind of disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380732PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Frequency of psychiatric disorders in nonemergent admissions to emergency department.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Feb;22(2):208-214

Department of Emergency, Siverek State Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

Objectives: Repeated admissions of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric problems in emergency departments (ED) is a major contributor to patient unsatisfaction and overcrowding in EDs. We evaluated the presence of psychiatric disorders in non-emergent admissions in the ED of a tertiary care hospital.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Eskisehir Osmangazi University Hospital between December 2015 and March 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_380_18DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Detecting DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder: criterion validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 (SSS-8) in combination with the Somatic Symptom Disorder - B Criteria Scale (SSD-12).

Psychol Med 2019 Feb 7:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy,University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf,Hamburg,Germany.

Background: The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) introduced somatic symptom and related disorders (SSD) to improve the diagnosis of somatoform disorders. It is unclear whether existing questionnaires are useful to identify patients with SSD. Our study investigates the diagnostic accuracy of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 (SSS-8) in combination with the Somatic Symptom Disorder - B Criteria Scale (SSD-12). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003329171900014XDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder: The drive for perfection.

Authors:
Amanda Perkins

Nursing 2019 Mar;49(3):28-33

Amanda Perkins is an assistant professor of nursing at Vermont Tech in Randolph, Vt.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that pushes people toward perfection, affecting 5 to 7.5 million people in the US. Individuals with BDD spend a great deal of time focusing on perceived flaws and ways in which to hide these flaws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000553273.24557.58DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

CBT to reduce healthcare use for medically unexplained symptoms: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Gen Pract 2019 Apr 28;69(681):e262-e269. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London.

Background: Studies have reported that medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) tend to be associated with increased healthcare use, which is demanding of resources and potentially harmful to patients. This association is often used to justify the funding and study of psychological interventions for MUS, yet no systematic review has specifically examined the efficacy of psychological interventions in reducing healthcare use.

Aim: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT) for MUS in reducing healthcare use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3399/bjgp19X701273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428485PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and determinants of symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders among women who had recently experienced an earthquake: a systematic review.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Jan 28;19(1):47. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 4, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia.

Background: Antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) including anxiety, depressive, adjustment, and somatoform disorders are prevalent worldwide. There is emerging evidence that experiencing a natural disaster might increase the risk of antenatal CMDs. This study aimed to synthesise the evidence about the prevalence and determinants of clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal CMDs among women who had recently experienced an earthquake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1986-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348613PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
2.210 Impact Factor

Values of Cytokines and Tryptophan Metabolites over a 12 Weeks Time Course in Patients with Depression and Somatoform Disorder.

Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2019 Feb;17(1):34-42

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.

Objective: Previous studies have suggested alterations in the kynurenine pathway as a major link between cytokine and neurotransmitter abnormalities in psychiatric disorders. Most of these studies used a cross-sectional case-control study design. However, knowledge is still lacking regarding the stability over time of kynurenine pathway metabolites and the functionally related cytokines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9758/cpn.2019.17.1.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361033PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Reward for Pain: Hyperalgesia and Allodynia Induced by Operant Conditioning: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Pain 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Pain Research Group, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

Learning processes have been discussed in the context of pain chronicity for decades. Particularly, operant conditioning has been used to experimentally induce and modulate pain in healthy humans. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, research findings on pain facilitation (hyperalgesic effect) and pain elicitation (allodynic effect) are evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Do patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and somatoform tendencies benefit from antireflux surgery?

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Jan;25(3):388-397

NAFKAM, Department of Community Medicine, UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsoe, N-9037, Norway.

Background: The clinical presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) shows a large symptom variation also in different intensities among patients. As several studies have shown, there is a large overlap in the symptomatic spectrum between proven GERD and other disorders such as dyspepsia, functional heartburn and/or somatoform disorders.

Aim: To prospectively evaluate the GERD patients with and without somatoform disorders before and after laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i3.388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343096PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Sleep disturbances in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures: Is it all subjective? A prospective pilot study of sleep-wake patterns.

Seizure 2019 Feb 17;65:124-128. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) frequently complain of poor sleep, yet there are few and inconsistent data supporting objective sleep disturbances in this population. In this prospective observational study, we aimed to compare objective and subjective sleep-wake patterns in patients with PNES with those with epilepsy.

Methods: Subjects were recruited through the Brigham and Women's Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) over a 6-month period, and were diagnosed as having PNES or epilepsy by experts using video-electroencephalography (v-EEG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.01.016DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads