2,201,087 results match your criteria Social science & medicine 1982[Journal]


How should end-of-life advance care planning discussions be conducted according to patients and informal carers? A qualitative review of reviews.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL; National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (NIHR CLAHRC) Greater Manchester.

Context: The goal of advance care planning (ACP) is to help ensure that the care people receive during periods of serious illness is consistent with their preferences and values. There is a lack of clear understanding about how patients and their informal carers feel ACP discussions should be conducted.

Objectives: To synthesise literature reviews pertaining to patients' and informal carers' perspectives on ACP discussions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Neuroimaging Evidence for Right Orbitofrontal Cortex Differences in Adolescents With Emotional and Behavioral Dysregulation.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Vermont, Burlington; Vermont Center on Behavior and Health, University of Vermont, Burlington.

Objective: To characterize the structural and functional neurobiology of a large group of adolescents exhibiting a behaviorally and emotionally dysregulated phenotype.

Method: Age 14 adolescents from the IMAGEN study were investigated. Latent class analysis (LCA) on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to identify a class of individuals with elevated behavioral and emotional difficulties ("dysregulated"; n=233) who were compared to a matched sample from a low symptom class (controls, n=233). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567193026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.01.021DOI Listing
April 2019
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Bullous pemphigoid and neuropsychiatric medications: An influence of drugs or of underlying conditions?

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Quality Measurements and Research, Chief Physician's Office, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.03.091DOI Listing

Detecting the hidden burden of pre-diabetes and diabetes in Western Sydney.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Western Sydney Local Health District; University of Western Sydney; School of Public Health, Peking Union Medical College, Tsinghua University and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.

Aims: Examining pre-diabetes and diabetes rates using glycated haemoglobin (HbA) in emergency department (ED) and in general practice (GP) in western Sydney.

Methods: Epidemiological study of HbA1c measurements in individuals ≥ 18 years receiving a blood test (1) in the hospital setting of the ED at Blacktown/Mt Druitt hospital (1/06/2016 to 31/05/2018) and (2) in primary care involving Bridgeview Medical Practice (BVMP) (1/03/2017 to 01/02/2018) as well as other general practices (June 2018 only).

Results: Totals of 55,568 individuals from ED and 5,911 individuals from GP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.04.019DOI Listing

Empathy for others' pain is disrupted at the neurophysiological level in schizophrenia.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Previous research has shown that empathy for pain is disrupted at the neural level in people with schizophrenia. However, many of these studies have failed to assess key background contextual variables that have previously been linked to neurophysiological responding. Moreover, no study to date has examined the potential influence of schizotypal characteristics on neurophysiological responding in non-clinical individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12220DOI Listing

Assessment of depression, anxiety, and social support in the context of therapeutic abortion.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Atilim University, Golbasi, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of anxiety, depression, social support, and nursing care needed by women undergoing therapeutic abortion.

Designs And Methods: Sixty women were administered a sociodemographic form, the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale.

Results: More than half of the women experienced anxiety (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12380DOI Listing

Sex allocation conflict and sexual selection throughout the lifespan of eusocial colonies.

Evolution 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Biophore, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Models of sex allocation conflict are central to evolutionary biology but have mostly assumed static decisions, where resource allocation strategies are constant over colony lifespan. Here, we develop a model to study how the evolution of dynamic resource allocation strategies is affected by the queen-worker conflict in annual eusocial insects. We demonstrate that the time of dispersal of sexuals affects the sex allocation ratio through sexual selection on males. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evo.13746
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evo.13746DOI Listing
April 2019
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The relation between stressful life events and breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Purpose: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women with high rate of mortality. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the relation between stressful life events and breast cancer.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google scholar databases from their inception until June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05231-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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Low-Income Students in Higher Education: Undermatching Predicts Decreased Satisfaction toward the Final Stage in College.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, Tongersestraat 53, 6211 LM, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

It is undesirable when students attend institutions that are less selective than their academic credentials would permit (i.e., undermatching) because of the long-term consequences for their job opportunities and wages, in particular for students from low-socioeconomic (SES) backgrounds. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-019-01022-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01022-1DOI Listing
April 2019
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Epistemic burdens and the incentives of surrogate decision-makers.

Med Health Care Philos 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Faculty of Social Science, College of Integrative Sciences and Arts, Arizona State University Polytechnic Campus, Santa Catalina Hall, 250A, 7271 E Sonoran Arroyo Mall, Mesa, AZ, 85212, USA.

We aim to establish the following claim: other factors held constant, the relative weights of the epistemic burdens of competing treatment options serve to determine the options that patient surrogates pursue. Simply put, surrogates confront an incentive, ceteris paribus, to pursue treatment options with respect to which their knowledge is most adequate to the requirements of the case. Regardless of what the patient would choose, options that require more knowledge than the surrogate possesses (or is likely to learn) will either be neglected altogether or deeply discounted in the surrogate's incentive structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11019-019-09899-2DOI Listing

Simulation-based optimization to improve hospital patient assignment to physicians and clinical units.

Health Care Manag Sci 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

The Center for Health and the Social Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

A fundamental activity in hospital operations is patient assignment, which we define as the process of assigning hospital patients to specific physician services and clinical units based on their diagnosis. When the preferred assignment is not possible, typically due to capacity limits, hospitals often allow for overflow, which is the assignment of patients to other services and/or units. Overflow accelerates assignment, but can also reduce care quality and increase length of stay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10729-019-09483-3DOI Listing

Food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders in a rural district of Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to identify factors associated with severe food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) in a rural African setting, with a view to identifying potential areas for intervention.

Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Sodo district, south central Ethiopia. Key informant-identified people with possible SMD were referred for assessment by trained primary care workers and received confirmatory psychiatric diagnoses from psychiatric nurses using a standardized clinical interview. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00127-019-01709-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01709-7DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prospective Memory in Service Members with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814.

Introduction: Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember the intention to perform an action in the future. Following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the brain structures supporting such PM may be compromised. PM is essential for remembering activities specific to TBI survivors that promote recovery, such as following doctors' orders, taking necessary medications, completing physical rehabilitation exercises, and maintaining supportive social relationships. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz062DOI Listing
April 2019
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Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Interdisciplinary Center on Population Dynamics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark;

Biodiversity loss is a major challenge. Over the past century, the average rate of vertebrate extinction has been about 100-fold higher than the estimated background rate and population declines continue to increase globally. Birth and death rates determine the pace of population increase or decline, thus driving the expansion or extinction of a species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1816367116DOI Listing
April 2019
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Honeybee-specific lactic acid bacterial supplements have no effect on American foulbrood infected honeybee colonies.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, 750 07 Sweden.

, causative agent of American Foulbrood (AFB), is the primary bacterial pathogen affecting honeybees and beekeeping. The main methods for controlling AFB are incineration of diseased colonies or prophylactic antibiotic treatment (e.g. Read More

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http://aem.asm.org/lookup/doi/10.1128/AEM.00606-19
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00606-19DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sleep myths: an expert-led study to identify false beliefs about sleep that impinge upon population sleep health practices.

Sleep Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Healthful Behavior Change, Department of Population Health, NYU Langone Health.

Introduction: False beliefs about sleep can persist despite contradicting scientific evidence, potentially impairing population health. Identifying commonly held false beliefs lacking an evidence base ("myths") can inform efforts to promote population sleep health.

Method: We compiled a list of potential myths using Internet searches of popular press and scientific literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Conceptualising access in the direct-acting antiviral era: An integrated framework to inform research and practice in HCV care for people who inject drugs.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), 900 rue St-Denis, Montréal, Québec, H2X 0A9, Canada; Département de Médicine Familiale et Médecine d'Urgence, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, H3C 3J7, Canada. Electronic address:

As direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy costs fall and eligibility criteria are relaxed, people who inject drugs (PWID) will increasingly become eligible for HCV treatment. Yet eligibility does not necessarily equate to access. Amidst efforts to expand treatment uptake in this population, we seek to synthesise and clarify the conceptual underpinnings of access to health care for PWID, with a view to informing research and practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09553959193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Accuracy of Self-Reported Height, Weight, and BMI Over Time in Emerging Adults.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Social and Behavioral Sciences Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland.

Introduction: Self-reported height and weight may lead to inaccurate estimates of associations between BMI and health indicators. The purpose of this study is to assess anthropometric misreporting in emerging adults, compare weight classification by self-reported and direct measures, and examine associations of self-reported and direct measures with cardiometabolic biomarkers.

Methods: Self-reported and directly measured height and weight were obtained in five waves of a nationally representative cohort study of U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.004DOI Listing

Mobile Health Applications in Weight Management: A Systematic Literature Review.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Imec-SMIT, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Context: Weight management is an effective strategy for controlling chronic disease and maintaining physical health, and research on this topic has risen dramatically over the past four decades. The present systematic literature review aimed to identify existing evidence on the efficacy of mobile health technology in facilitating weight management behaviors, such as healthy food consumption and physical activity.

Evidence Acquisition: A systematic search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE and Ovid PsycINFO databases with the aim to identify studies published in peer-reviewed journal articles between 2012 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.005DOI Listing

Genome-wide Burden of Rare Short Deletions Is Enriched in Major Depressive Disorder in Four Cohorts.

Biol Psychiatry 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California. Electronic address:

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is moderately heritable, with a high prevalence and a presumed high heterogeneity. Copy number variants (CNVs) could contribute to the heritable component of risk, but the two previous genome-wide association studies of rare CNVs did not report significant findings.

Methods: In this meta-analysis of four cohorts (5780 patients and 6626 control subjects), we analyzed the association of MDD to 1) genome-wide burden of rare deletions and duplications, partitioned by length (<100 kb or >100 kb) and other characteristics, and 2) individual rare exonic CNVs and CNV regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.02.022DOI Listing

Food and Drug Administration labeling and medication guides: A health outcomes critique.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Social & Administrative Sciences Division at the University of Wisconsin - Madison, School of Pharmacy, Madison, United States. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comparing the effects of massage and aromatherapy massage with lavender oil on sleep quality of cardiac patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 8;35:253-258. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sleep disorder is a common problem in cardiac patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of massage and aromatherapy massage on sleep quality of cardiac patients.

Materials And Methods: in this study, 150 subjects were randomly allocated into 1)massage, 2)aromatherapy massage and 3)control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.005DOI Listing

The transposition of the Patients' Rights Directive in Finland-Difficulties encountered.

Health Policy 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Tampere University, Faculty of Social Sciences, P.O. Box 100, 33014, Finland; National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Department of Health and Social Care Systems, P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

The Directive on the application on patient rights' in cross-border healthcare (2011/24/EC) was transposed in Finland by the Act on Cross-Border Health Care (1201/2013), which entered into force on 1 January 2014. A new reimbursement model for cross-border health care costs was designed. The Finnish legislator considered the chosen reimbursement model to correspond both with the aims of the Directive as well as to the functioning of the national health care scheme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Including Lifestyle Medicine in Medical Education: Rationale for American College of Preventive Medicine/American Medical Association Resolution 959.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May;56(5):e169-e175

Department of Social Medicine and Health Science Leadership, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific-Northwest, Lebanon, Oregon.

Introduced by the American College of Preventive Medicine and released by the American Medical Association House of Delegates in 2017, Resolution 959 (I-17) supports policies and mechanisms that incentivize and/or provide funding for the inclusion of lifestyle medicine education and social determinants of health in undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education. Resolution 959 was passed to help address the current healthcare costs of lifestyle-related, noncommunicable chronic diseases that exert a devastating economic burden on the U.S. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797183244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.034DOI Listing
May 2019
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Shifting specialized oncological care from hospital- to home-setting: is there support among patients, specialists and general practitioners?

Acta Clin Belg 2019 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Cancer Centre , General Hospital Groeninge , Kortrijk , Belgium.

Objectives: Oncological home-hospitalization (OHH) might be a patient-centred approach to deal with the increasing burden of cancer on health-care facilities and finances. Before implementation into practice, its feasibility, costs and support among stakeholders should be evaluated. The purpose of this trial was to explore patients', specialists' and general practitioners' (GPs) perspectives towards the opportunities of implementing OHH within the Belgian health-care system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2019.1605467DOI Listing

A Review on Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Systems Assisted by Multimodal Sensor Data.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Swinburne Data Science Research Institute, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn VIC 3122, Australia.

Facial Expression Recognition (FER) can be widely applied to various research areas, such as mental diseases diagnosis and human social/physiological interaction detection. With the emerging advanced technologies in hardware and sensors, FER systems have been developed to support real-world application scenes, instead of laboratory environments. Although the laboratory-controlled FER systems achieve very high accuracy, around 97%, the technical transferring from the laboratory to real-world applications faces a great barrier of very low accuracy, approximately 50%. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1863
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081863DOI Listing
April 2019
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Value-Added Application of Waste Rubber and Waste Plastic in Asphalt Binder as a Multifunctional Additive.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Highway Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

The feasibility and effectivity of recycling waste rubber and waste plastic (WRP) into asphalt binder as a waste treatment approach has been documented. However, directly blending WRP with asphalt binder brings secondary environmental pollution. Recent research has shown that the addition of WRP into asphalt binder may potentially improve the workability of asphalt binder without significantly compromising its mechanical properties. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/12/8/1280
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081280DOI Listing
April 2019
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Recent Advances in Brillouin Optical Time Domain Reflectometry.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control Systems (Ministry of Education and Shanxi Province), Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China.

In the past two decades Brillouin-based sensors have emerged as a newly-developed optical fiber sensing technology for distributed temperature and strain measurements. Among these, the Brillouin optical time domain reflectometer (BOTDR) has attracted more and more research attention, because of its exclusive advantages, including single-end access, simple system architecture, easy implementation and widespread field applications. It is realized mainly by injecting optical pulses into the fiber and detecting the Brillouin frequency shift (BFS), which is linearly related to the change of ambient temperature and axial strain of the sensing fiber. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081862DOI Listing

The Temporal Effects of Acute Exercise on Episodic Memory Function: Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.

Brain Sci 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science, College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.

Background: Accumulating research demonstrates that the timing of exercise plays an important role in influencing episodic memory. However, we have a limited understanding as to the factors that moderate this temporal effect. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of study characteristics (e. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/9/4/87
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040087DOI Listing
April 2019
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Food Marketing Influences Children's Attitudes, Preferences and Consumption: A Systematic Critical Review.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Psychological Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Bedford Street South, Liverpool L69 7ZA, UK.

Exposure to the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages is a widely acknowledged risk factor for the development of childhood obesity and noncommunicable diseases. Food marketing involves the use of numerous persuasive techniques to influence children's food attitudes, preferences and consumption. This systematic review provides a comprehensive contemporary account of the impact of these marketing techniques on children aged 0-18 years and critically evaluates the methodologies used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040875DOI Listing

Modern Transference of Domestic Cooking Skills.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5DL, UK.

As the primary source of learning cooking skills; it is vital to understand what mothers think about the transference of cooking skills to their children. The current analysis aimed to highlight mothers' perceptions of children's involvement and cooking practices within the home setting. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted on the island of Ireland (Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland [UK]) with 141 mothers aged 20-39 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040870DOI Listing

Learning by Doing and Training Satisfaction: An Evaluation by Health Care Professionals.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 18;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Engineering and Architecture, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain.

As one of the training methodologies employed in the health care context, 'Learning by Doing' prioritizes the transference of competence, control, and workplace motivation. However, there are few published works that consider the opinions of health care professionals in relation to the effects of this kind of training on their workplace competence. The goal of this research was to evaluate the level of satisfaction and impact on quality of care, as perceived by the health care professionals that participated in this training program (Formative Focus). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081397DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Adenosine role in brain functions: Pathophysiological influence on Parkinson's disease and other brain disorders" [Pharmacol. Rep. 70 (2018) 661-667].

Pharmacol Rep 2019 Apr 16;71(3):465. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, NJ, USA; School of Social Sciences and Psychology and Marcs Institute for Brain and Behaviour, Western Sydney University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Social Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pharep.2018.10.015DOI Listing
April 2019
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Habitual and acute exercise effects on salivary biomarkers in response to psychosocial stress.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Mar 25;106:216-225. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Sport Science, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Schwarzwaldstraße 175, Freiburg 79117, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Previous research suggests beneficial effects of physical exercise on stress reactivity due to cross-stressor adaptions of physiological stress response systems. However, results remain inconclusive and it is unclear whether only regular engagement in exercise modulates these physiological adaptations or if acute bouts of exercise can elicit similar adaptations. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate and compare the effects of habitual and acute exercise on physiological stress responses. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530183088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
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Examining reactivity patterns in burnout and other indicators of chronic stress.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Apr 4;106:195-205. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany.

Introduction: Burnout symptomatology is associated with various negative health consequences; however, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. One potential pathway involves alterations in the acute stress response. The aims of the present study were to examine burnout-associated alterations in stress-reactivity patterns, during a standardized social stressor compared to a control condition, as well as to examine whether effects associated with greater burnout symptomatology were distinct from other, conceptually overlapping indicators of chronic stress (i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530183115
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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Trajectories of PTSD symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake: A four-year longitudinal study.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:421-427. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Background: This study aimed to explore the trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among child survivors of the Lushan earthquake by using latent category growth analysis.

Methods: In total, 304 students from a school located in Lushan County were assessed by UCLA PTSD-RI at 1.5, 6, 12, 24 and 48 months after the earthquake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.047DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mother-infant interactions with firstborns and secondborns: A within-family study of European Americans.

Infant Behav Dev 2019 Apr 16;55:100-111. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK.

Given the large numbers of families with more than one child, understanding similarities and differences in siblings' behaviors and in parents' interactions with their sibling infants is an important goal for advancing more representative developmental science. This study employed a within-family design to examine mean-level consistency and individual-order agreement in 5-month-old sibling behaviors and maternal parenting practices with their firstborns and secondborns (ns = 61 mothers and 122 infants). Each infant was seen independently with mother. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2019.03.009DOI Listing

A systematic review of the word sentence association paradigm (WSAP).

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2019 Apr 11;64:133-148. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, United States; McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: The Word Sentence Association Paradigm (WSAP) was originally designed to assess and modify interpretive biases (IB) in socially anxious individuals. Researchers have since modified the WSAP for use across various populations. Despite its widespread use, no studies have systematically reviewed the WSAP to determine its validity and reliability. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057916183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
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Competencies on environmental health and pedagogical approaches in the nursing curriculum: A systematic review of the literature.

Nurse Educ Pract 2019 Apr 5;37:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Health Service Research, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK. Electronic address:

It has been suggested that climate change is the biggest threat to public health for the 21st Century; increased demand on health services will impact on already overstretched resources and systems will need to be able to respond. However limited attention is given to climate change and sustainability in nursing education; there is no clear guidance on curricula content for nurses or recommendations regarding the skills and competencies that will be required. Literature published in Dutch, English, German, and Spanish was searched and 32 papers met the inclusion criteria for the review. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14715953173088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
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Negative affectivity and social inhibition are associated with increased cardiac readmission in patients with heart failure: A preliminary observation study.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215726. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Graduate Institute of Long-term Care, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien City, Hualien, Taiwan.

Background: Type D personality was hypothesized to influence clinical and patient-centered outcomes patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between negative affectivity and social inhibition components of Type D personality and cardiac readmission in patients with heart failure.

Methods: A prospective observational study design was used. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215726PLOS

Medical prescribing and antibiotic resistance: A game-theoretic analysis of a potentially catastrophic social dilemma.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215480. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

The availability of antibiotics presents medical practitioners with a prescribing dilemma. On the one hand, antibiotics provide a safe and effective treatment option for patients with bacterial infections, but at a population level, over-prescription reduces their effectiveness by facilitating the evolution of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotic medication. A game-theoretic investigation, including analysis of equilibrium strategies, evolutionarily stability, and replicator dynamics, reveals that rational doctors, motivated to attain the best outcomes for their own patients, will prescribe antibiotics irrespective of the level of antibiotic resistance in the population and the behavior of other doctors, although they would achieve better long-term outcomes if their prescribing were more restrained. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215480PLOS

Sex education and the need for change.

CMAJ 2018 Dec;190(50):E1482-E1483

Know History, Toronto, Ont.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.180773DOI Listing
December 2018

The Relative Importance of Personality, Financial Satisfaction, and Autonomy for Different Subjective Well-Being Facets.

J Psychol 2019 Apr 19:1-21. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Singapore University of Social Sciences.

Using a nationally representative sample (N = 507) from Singapore, this study examined whether personality, financial satisfaction, and autonomy were important to subjective well-being (SWB), and how the importance of these predictors varied across different SWB facets-life satisfaction, happiness, positive feelings, and negative feelings. The findings indicated that neuroticism, financial satisfaction, and autonomy, were important predictors of happiness. Personality was most important for affective well-being (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2019.1598928DOI Listing

Investigating the effect of local warming on vein diameter in the antecubital area in adults aged 20-40 years.

Br J Nurs 2019 Apr;28(8):S20-S26

Faculty Member and Anaesthesiology Practitioner, Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: peripheral intravenous cannulation is the most prevalent invasive procedure performed on patients admitted to hospital. The procedure is not always easy to undertake and can lead to problems for the patient and nurse. Alongside various procedures, local warming is one technique that could be used to increase the diameter of superficial veins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2019.28.8.S20DOI Listing

Evaluating crisaborole as a treatment option for atopic dermatitis.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2019 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

d Department of Dermatology , Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , NC , USA.

Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and recurrent disease presenting with eczematous lesions and pruritus. It impacts patient and family quality of life, increases morbidity, and accounts for large health-care expenditures. Although nonpharmacologic, topical, and systemic treatments exist, management of AD remains challenging due to limited treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2019.1604688DOI Listing

Exploring Australian residents cycling engagement - Differences in self-reported cycling behaviour between urban and rural dwelling Queenslanders.

Health Promot J Austr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

World Safety Organisation Collaborating Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Cycling participation rates in Australia and Queensland remain low. Rural residents typically do not have distinct cycling infrastructure available for use. Investigating current cycling participation and barriers to cycling engagement will inform future work to promote cycling engagement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.254DOI Listing

Dietary baker's yeast sensitizes Ehrlich mammary adenocarcinoma to paclitaxel in mice bearing tumor.

Oncol Rep 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Mansoura, Mansoura 35516, Egypt.

Baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been shown to sensitize a variety of breast cancer cell (BCC) lines to paclitaxel chemotherapy in vitro. The present study evaluated the ability of S. cerevisiae to sensitize BCCs to paclitaxel in animals bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7107DOI Listing

Systematic review: components of a comprehensive geriatric assessment in inflammatory bowel disease - a potentially promising but often neglected risk stratification.

J Crohns Colitis 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: The population of older patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing. Patient age does not fully account for poor outcomes and its clinical utility for risk stratification is limited. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), comprising a somatic, functional, mental and social assessment or frailty, could be a predictor tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz082DOI Listing

Association of Diabetes With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Analysis of More Than 1 Million Participants.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192696. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Importance: Asia is home to the largest diabetic populations in the world. However, limited studies have quantified the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.

Objectives: To evaluate the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asia and to investigate potential effect modifications of the diabetes-mortality associations by participants' age, sex, education level, body mass index, and smoking status. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2696DOI Listing
April 2019
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