2,180,753 results match your criteria Social science & medicine 1982[Journal]


Smart Aging System: Uncovering the Hidden Wellness Parameter for Well-Being Monitoring and Anomaly Detection.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

CIME, Department of Electronic Engineering, School of Information Science and Technology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Background: Ambiguities and anomalies in the Activity of Daily Living (ADL) patterns indicate deviations from Wellness. The monitoring of lifestyles could facilitate remote physicians or caregivers to give insight into symptoms of the disease and provide health improvement advice to residents; Objective: This research work aims to apply lifestyle monitoring in an ambient assisted living (AAL) system by diagnosing conduct and distinguishing variation from the norm with the slightest conceivable fake alert. In pursuing this aim, the main objective is to fill the knowledge gap of two contextual observations (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040766DOI Listing
February 2019

Strategies for Coping with Time-Related and Productivity Challenges of Young People with Learning Disabilities and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Children (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;6(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Occupational Therapy; University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32603, USA.

Learning disabilities (LD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by neurological differences that result in difficulties meeting learning and productivity expectations. Young people with LD and ADHD experience difficulties in self-managing academic, social, daily living, and health/wellness demands. Students with LD/ADHD must work longer and harder than peers, which makes managing time and productivity a critical skill for school success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/children6020028DOI Listing
February 2019

Unravelling the Complexity of Plant Defense Induced by a Simultaneous and Sequential Mite and Aphid Infestation.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 13;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Plant Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

In natural and agricultural conditions, plants are attacked by a community of herbivores, including aphids and mites. The green peach aphid and the two-spotted spider mite, both economically important pests, may share the same plant. Therefore, an important question arises as to how plants integrate signals induced by dual herbivore attack into the optimal defensive response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040806DOI Listing
February 2019

The Great Recession and Children's Mental Health in Australia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

ARC Centre of Excellence for Families and Children over the Life Course, University of Queensland, Level 2, Cycad Building (1018), 80 Meiers Rd, Indooroophilly, QLD 4068, Australia.

This paper analyzes the effects of "shocks" to community-level unemployment expectations, induced by the onset of the Great Recession, on children's mental well-being. The Australian experience of the Great Recession represents a unique case study as despite little change in actual unemployment rates, levels of economic uncertainty grew. This affords us the ability to examine the effects of shocks to economic expectations independent of any actual changes to economic conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040537DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of Intervention Program Prev@cib on Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Faculty of Psychology, Department Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Due to the negative consequences of being bullied and the increase in cyberbullying among adolescents, there is a need for evidence-based programs to prevent and intervene in these types of peer violence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Prev@cib bullying and cyberbullying program, drawing on three theoretical frameworks: the ecological model, empowerment theory, and the model of personal and social responsibility. The Prev@cib program was evaluated using a repeated-measures pre-post-test design with an experimental group and a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040527DOI Listing
February 2019

The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Mental Health, and Need for Long-Term Services and Supports among the Chinese Elderly in Shandong Province-A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Key Lab of Health Economics and Policy Research, School of Public Health, Shandong University, 44 Wenhuaxi Road, Jinan 250012, China.

This study aims to clarify the association between socioeconomic status (SES), mental health, and the need for long-term services and support (NLTSS) of the Chinese elderly, and further, to provide evidence-based suggestions for the development of the long-term services and support (LTSS) system in China. A cross-sectional survey using a multi-stage random sampling method was conducted in Shandong Province, China, in 2017. Data were collected from seniors aged over 60 years old through questionnaires by face-to face interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040526DOI Listing
February 2019

A Phenomenological Account of HIV Disclosure Experiences of Children and Adolescents from Northern and Southern Ghana.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, 00000 Kumasi, Ghana.

Disclosure of HIV status to infected children, though challenged by caregiver dilemma, remains central in achieving the United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) global goal of 90/90/90. This study explores children's HIV disclosure experiences across Northern and Southern Ghana. A qualitative interpretative phenomenological design facilitated the recruitment of 30 HIV positive disclosed children and adolescents aged 9⁻19 years in 12 antiretroviral treatment (ART) centers in Northern and Southern Ghana between January 2017 and June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040595DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Mechanically-Generated Vibrations on the Efficacy of Hemodialysis; Assessment of Patients' Safety: Preliminary Reports.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland.

Muscle activity during a hemodialysis procedure improves its efficacy. We have formulated a hypothesis that vibrations generated by a specially-designed dialysis chair can, the same as physical exercise, affect the filtering of various fluids between fluid spaces during the hemodialysis procedure. This prospective and interventional study included 21 dialyzed patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040594DOI Listing
February 2019

Health Information Engagement Factors in Malaysia: A Content Analysis of Facebook Use by the Ministry of Health in 2016 and 2017.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Director General's Office, Ministry of Health, Putrajaya 62590, Malaysia.

Health organizations have widely adopted social media for health promotion, public health communication conveyance, and organizational promotion activities. However, little published data exists on the factors that facilitate health information diffusion in South East Asia, especially Malaysia compared with Western countries. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with good engagement rates among internet users on the Facebook (FB) page of Ministry of Health Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040591DOI Listing
February 2019

A Telemedicine Robot System for Assisted and Independent Living.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;19(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Instituto de Telecomunicações, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6200-001 Covilhã, Portugal.

The emerging demographic trends toward an aging population, demand new ways and solutions to improve the quality of elderly life. These include, prolonged independent living, improved health care, and reduced social isolation. Recent technological advances in the field of assistive robotics bring higher sophistication and various assistive abilities that can help in achieving these goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19040834DOI Listing
February 2019

Using Eye Tracking to Explore Facebook Use and Associations with Facebook Addiction, Mental Well-being, and Personality.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

College of Life and Natural Sciences, School of Human Sciences, University of Derby, Derby DE22 1GB, UK.

Social networking sites (SNSs) have become ubiquitous in our everyday lives, and for all its communicative benefits, excessive SNS use has been associated with a range of negative health implications. In the present study, the authors use eye-tracking methodology to explore the relationship between individual differences in personality, mental well-being, SNS usage, and the focus of Facebook users' visual attention. Participants ( = 69, mean age = 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9020019DOI Listing
February 2019

From Science to Policy and Practice: A Critical Assessment of Knowledge Management before, during, and after Environmental Public Health Disasters.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4C2, Canada.

Canada regularly faces environmental public health (EPH) disasters. Given the importance of evidence-based, risk-informed decision-making, we aimed to critically assess the integration of EPH expertise and research into each phase of disaster management. In-depth interviews were conducted with 23 leaders in disaster management from Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, and were complemented by other qualitative methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040587DOI Listing
February 2019

Participation in Organized Sports and Self-Organized Physical Activity: Associations with Developmental Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Sognsveien 220, 0806 Oslo, Norway.

Engagement in organized sports is associated with developmental factors, such as, healthy growth, cognitive abilities, psychological well-being and lower substance use. Research also suggest that the spontaneous free play that characterises self-organized physical activity (PA) provides young people with opportunities to learn social skills, such as self-regulation and conflict-resolution skills. We assessed associations between participation in the two activity types and several demographics along with developmental factors (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040585DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between Urban Green Spaces and Health are Dependent on the Analytical Scale and How Urban Green Spaces are Measured.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 16;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Architecture, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117566, Singapore.

Although the benefits from exposure to urban green spaces (UGS) are increasingly reported, there are important knowledge gaps in the nature of UGS-health relationships. One such unknown area is the dependence of UGS-health associations on the types of UGS studied, the way they are quantified, and the spatial scale used in the analysis. These knowledge gaps have important ramifications on our ability to develop generalizations to promote implementation and facilitate comparative studies across different socio-cultural and socio-economic contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040578DOI Listing
February 2019

A Longitudinal Examination of the Social-Ecological Correlates of Exercise in Men and Women Following Cardiac Rehabilitation.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 16;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University-Bethune 368, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada.

Cardiac patients who engage in ≥150 min of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA)/week have lower mortality, yet MVPA declines even following cardiac rehabilitation (CR), and is lower in women. A randomized trial of nine socioecological theory-based exercise facilitation contacts over 50 weeks versus usual care (1:1 parallel arms) was undertaken (NCT01658683). The tertiary objective, as presented in this paper, was to test whether the intervention impacted socioecological elements, and in turn their association with MVPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020250DOI Listing
February 2019

Positive and Negative Factors That Influence Health Care Faculty Intent to Engage in Interprofessional Education (IPE).

Healthcare (Basel) 2019 Feb 16;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Science, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC3-Rm 329, Miami, FL 33199, USA.

This study explored the positive and negative factors that influence interprofessional education (IPE) implementation in health care education programs across the United States. The study sample consisted of 439 (response rate 8.4%) health care faculties from seven health care professions (nursing, medicine, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, physician assistant, and social work) who were asked what the positive and negative factors are that influence their decisions to engage in IPE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010029DOI Listing
February 2019

A Functional NIRS Study of Brain Functional Networks Induced by Social Time Coordination.

Brain Sci 2019 Feb 15;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Faculty of Life and Medical Sciences, Doshisha University, 1-3 Tatara Miyakodani, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan.

The ability to coordinate one's behavior with the others' behavior is essential to achieve a joint action in daily life. In this paper, the brain activity during synchronized tapping task was measured using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to investigate the relationship between time coordination and brain function. Furthermore, using brain functional network analysis based on graph theory, we examined important brain regions and network structures that serve as the hub when performing the synchronized tapping task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9020043DOI Listing
February 2019

Link persistence and conditional distances in multiplex networks.

Phys Rev E 2019 Jan;99(1-1):012322

Computational Social Science, ETH Zurich, Clausiusstrasse 50, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.

Recent progress towards unraveling the hidden geometric organization of real multiplexes revealed significant correlations across the hyperbolic node coordinates in different network layers, which facilitated applications like translayer link prediction and mutual navigation. But, are geometric correlations alone sufficient to explain the topological relation between the layers of real systems? Here, we provide the negative answer to this question. We show that connections in real systems tend to persist from one layer to another irrespective of their hyperbolic distances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.012322DOI Listing
January 2019

Efficacy of vortioxetine combined cognitive behaviour intervention therapy on brain-derived neurotrophic factor level on depressive patients.

Psychogeriatrics 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Background: To evaluate the effect of vortioxetine combined with cognitive behaviour intervention on the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the serum of patients with depression and its therapeutic effect.

Methods: A total of 82 depressive patients treated at the School of Basic Medicine, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to June 2017 were randomised into a control group (n = 41) and intervention group (n = 41) according to a random number table. Both groups were given vortioxetine treatment, while the intervention group adopted an additional cognitive-behavioural therapy at the same time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12426DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk and protective factors associated with domestic abuse among older Chinese in the People's Republic of China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Feb 11;82:120-127. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objectives: To identify risk and protective factors associated with elder abuse among older Chinese with cognitive and physical impairment in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Methods: 1002 dyads of care recipients and family caregivers were interviewed.

Results: The mutually reported rates were 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Reduced Patient-Reported Outcome Scores Associate with Level of Fibrosis in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, UK.

Background: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are used to measure patients' experience with their disease. However, there are few PRO data from patients with NASH. We collected data from the STELLAR clinical trials to assess PROs for NASH and advanced fibrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2019.02.024DOI Listing
February 2019

FUNDAMENTAL, QUANTITATIVE TRAITS OF THE "SOCIOTYPE".

Biosystems 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Bioinformation Group. Aragon Institute of Health Science (IACS)/Aragon Health Research Institute (IIS Aragón). 50009 Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address:

In whatever domain of life, from cells to organisms to societies, communicative exchanges underlie the formation and maintenance, and decay, of the emerging collective structures. It can be clearly seen in the human social world. The different classes of social bonds in a complex society revolve around, and are intimately related with, the communicative relationships that every individual entertains-essentially via face-to-face conversation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Feasibility Trial Evaluation of a Peer Volunteering Active Aging Intervention: ACE (Active, Connected, Engaged).

Gerontologist 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Policy Studies, University of Bristol, UK.

Background: ACE (Active, Connected, Engaged) is a theory-informed, pragmatic intervention using peer volunteering support to promote active ageing in socially disengaged, inactive older adults. This study aimed to establish ACE's feasibility and acceptability.

Methods: Fifty-four older adults were recruited as either peer volunteers (activators; n = 15) or participants (ACEs; n = 39). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnz003DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrative systematic review of psychodrama psychotherapy research: Trends and methodological implications.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(2):e0212575. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Creative Arts Therapies, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Psychodrama is an experiential psychotherapy in which guided role-play is used to gain insights and work on personal and interpersonal problems and possible solutions. Despite the wealth of literature describing clinical work, psychodrama intervention research is relatively scarce compared to other psychotherapies and psychological interventions.

Objective: For this reason we implemented the integrative approach to systematic review that authorizes the combination of publications with diverse methodologies and all types of participants, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212575PLOS
February 2019

A numerical approach for a discrete Markov model for progressing drug resistance of cancer.

PLoS Comput Biol 2019 Feb 19;15(2):e1006770. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Graduate School of Social Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan.

The presence of treatment-resistant cells is an important factor that limits the efficacy of cancer therapy, and the prospect of resistance is considered the major cause of the treatment strategy. Several recent studies have employed mathematical models to elucidate the dynamics of generating resistant cancer cells and attempted to predict the probability of emerging resistant cells. The purpose of this paper is to present numerical approach to compute the number of resistant cells and the emerging probability of resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006770DOI Listing
February 2019

Evidence for an Upper Threshold for Resistance Training Volume in Trained Women.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019 Mar;51(3):515-522

College of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, BRAZIL.

Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of different volumes of resistance training (RT) on muscle performance and hypertrophy in trained women.

Methods: The study included 40 volunteers that performed RT for 24 wk divided into groups that performed 5 (G5), 10 (G10), 15 (G15), and 20 (G20) sets per muscle group per session. Ten-repetition maximum (10RM) tests were performed for the bench press, lat pulldown, 45° leg press, and stiff-legged deadlift. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001818DOI Listing

Age and poverty status alter the coding and noncoding transcriptome.

Aging (Albany NY) 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Science, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Emerging evidence indicates that noncoding RNAs play regulatory roles in aging and disease. The functional roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in physiology and disease are not completely understood. Little is known about lncRNAs in the context of human aging and socio-environmental conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.101823DOI Listing
February 2019

Responding to Emerging Diseases Requires Multi-disciplinary and One Health Training, Egypt.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Nov 5;84(4):650-653. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

The George Washington University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, US.

Background: In Egypt, several infectious diseases of zoonotic origin have emerged in recent years like H1N1, MERSCoV and H5N1, the latter now endemic. Responding to these diseases requires a workforce trained in multi-disciplinary approaches to zoonotic disease research and control. It is difficult to deliver multidisciplinary and one health training globally because of the limited number of higher education programs that support such training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9204/aogh.2372DOI Listing
November 2018

Determining whether Community Health Workers are 'Deployment Ready' Using Standard Setting.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Nov 5;84(4):630-639. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Partners in Health, MW.

Background: Community Health Workers (CHWs) provide basic health screening and advice to members of their own communities. Although CHWs are trained, no CHW programmes have used a formal method to identify the level of achievement on post-training assessments that distinguishes "safe" from "unsafe". Objectives: The aim of this study was to use Ebel method of standard setting for a post-training written knowledge assessment for CHWs in Neno, Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9204/aogh.2369DOI Listing
November 2018

Humour in clinical-educational interactions between graduate student clinicians and people with aphasia.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA.

Background: During clinical interactions, clinicians and people with aphasia (PWA) use humour and laughter for a range of purposes, most of which contribute to friendly interactions in which the participants appear to develop a positive regard for one another. Moreover, humour is a vital component of facework, or the processes interactants engage in to protect their own and one another's well-respected, public personas.

Aims: To examine the ways in which speech-language pathology graduate student clinicians enlist humour during one-on-one therapy sessions for PWA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12461DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluating the organizational structure and specificity of network topology within the face processing system.

Hum Brain Mapp 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

There is increasing appreciation that network-level interactions among regions produce components of face processing previously ascribed to individual regions. Our goals were to use an exhaustive data-driven approach to derive and quantify the topology of directed functional connections within a priori defined nodes of the face processing network and evaluate whether the topology is category-specific. Young adults were scanned with fMRI as they viewed movies of faces, objects, and scenes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24546DOI Listing
February 2019

Mitochondrial transfer from aged adipose-derived stem cells does not improve the quality of aged oocytes in C57BL/6 mice.

Mol Reprod Dev 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China.

Female fertility declines dramatically over the age of 35 due to age-related decreases in oocyte quality and quantity. Although mitochondrial transfer promises to be a technology that can improve the quality of such age-impaired oocytes, the ideal mitochondrial donor remains elusive. In the present study, we aimed to identify whether aged adipose-derived stem cells constitute an excellent mitochondrial donor that would improve the quality of aged mouse oocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrd.23129DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between parental autoimmune disease and atopic dermatitis in their offspring: a matched case-control study.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark.

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with many autoimmune diseases, in part due to overlapping genetic risk loci. While parental atopic disease is an important risk for AD in the offspring, little is known on the putative associations between parental autoimmune disease and AD in their children.

Materials And Methods: All children born between 1996 and 2011 who received a diagnosis of AD in the hospital system before their fifth birthday were matched 1 : 10 with children from the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15413DOI Listing
February 2019

Through another lens: the humanities and social sciences in the making of physicians.

Med Educ 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13817DOI Listing
February 2019

Perceptions of Community Norms and Youths' Reactive and Proactive Dating and Sexual Violence Bystander Action.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

There is enthusiasm for programs that promote bystander intervention to prevent dating and sexual violence (DSV). However, more information about what facilitates or inhibits bystander behavior in DSV situations is needed. The present cross-sectional survey study investigated whether youth perceptions of adults' behavior and community norms were associated with how frequently youth took action and intervened in DSV situations or to prevent DSV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12312DOI Listing
February 2019

Memory and CAR-NK cell-based novel approaches for HIV vaccination and eradication.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Professor of Pathology, Director, National Cancer Research Center, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the critical infectious agents with thousands of newly infected people worldwide. High mutational capability and rapid diversification, inhibition of humoral and cellular immune responses, and thus inability for recognition of an immunogenic region in the viral envelope by the immune system are major challenges. Natural killer (NK) cells are multifunctional, playing a key role in the identification and elimination of HIV-infected cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28280DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of rainfall intensities on sediment loss and phosphorus enrichment ratio from typical land use type in Taihu Basin, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Land Resources Management, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, 310018, China.

Soil erosion induced by rainfall has become one of the major environmental disasters. It can lead to degradation of land productivity and water pollution, which limit human survival and development. Therefore, understanding the effects of rainfall intensities on soil nutrient and sediment transportation from farmland via surface runoff is important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-04067-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Mapping Bioethics in Latin America: History, Theoretical Models, and Scientific Output.

J Bioeth Inq 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Bioethics Division, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, 2350 Ramiro Barcellos, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-003, Brazil.

Objective: To present a narrative review of the history of bioethics in Latin America and of scientific output in this interdisciplinary field.

Methods: This was a mixed-methods study.

Results: A total of 1458 records were retrieved, of which 1167 met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11673-019-09903-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Neuroprotective effect of Mayan medicinal plant extracts against glutamate-induced toxicity.

J Nat Med 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Unidad de Investigación Médica Yucatán, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad, Centro Médico Ignacio García Téllez, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Calle 41 No. 439, Col. Industrial, 97150, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico.

Neurological disorders are a public health problem worldwide for which there is currently no direct treatment of the cause of the disorder. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential in vitro neuroprotective property of plants used in Mayan traditional medicine. Plant ethanolic extracts were prepared and tested on models in which neuronal damage was induced by glutamate, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-019-01284-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Visual Search Performance Does Not Relate to Autistic Traits in the General Population.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Uppsala Child & Babylab, Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 256, 751 05, Uppsala, Sweden.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly conceived as the extreme end of a continuum. Research suggests that autistic individuals outperform typically developing controls in visual search. Thus, enhanced visual search may represent an adaptive trait associated with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03907-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Does Religious Activity Distinguish the Mortality Experiences of Older Taiwanese? An Analysis Using Eighteen Years of Follow-Up Data.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK.

This paper extends investigation of religiosity and longevity to Taiwan using a 1989 survey: N = 3849, aged 60+, with 18 years of follow-up. Religious activity is measured as worship and performance of rituals. A Gompertz regression, adjusted and non-adjusted for covariates and mediating factors, shows the hazard of dying is lower for the religiously active versus the non-active. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00778-xDOI Listing
February 2019

[A review on behavior and brain imaging research of human visually-guided action].

Sheng Li Xue Bao 2019 Feb;71(1):22-32

School of Psychology, Center for the Study of Applied Psychology, and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China.

Bipedalism (using only two legs for walking) and having the capability to use tools have long been considered characteristic features that differentiate human beings from animals. Being able to walk upright freed up human hands, allowing us to reach, grasp, carry food, make and use tools, which greatly increased the survivability of our ancestors. Hand actions not only involve muscles and joints to execute actions but also require computations in the brain to analyze the visual environment and select the appropriate action, as well as formulate the action before execution and correct it in real-time during execution. Read More

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February 2019

Wayfinding as a Social Activity.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:142. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States.

We discuss the important, but greatly under-researched, topic of the social aspects of human wayfinding during navigation. Wayfinding represents the planning and decision-making component of navigation and is arguably among the most common, real-world domains of both individual and group-level decision making. We highlight the myriad ways that wayfinding by people is not a solitary psychological process but is influenced by the actions of other people, even by their mere presence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369211PMC
February 2019

Addressing the dearth of critical gender analysis in public health and medical pedagogy: an interdisciplinary seminar to generate student-created teaching examples.

Crit Public Health 2019 19;29(1):18-26. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Gender-based analysis in public health is a systematic examination of how population health is shaped by systems of gender relations, involving policies and laws, programs and services, research priorities, social norms and practices, and public discourse. To address the paucity of critical gender-based analysis training in most public health, medical, and health policy courses, we designed the capstone course in the Women, Gender, and Health (WGH) Interdisciplinary Concentration at the Harvard T.H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09581596.2017.1419166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377202PMC
February 2018

Behavioral Modeling in Weight Loss Interventions.

Eur J Oper Res 2019 Feb 29;272(3):1058-1072. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Physiological Nursing/Institute for Health and Aging, School of Nursing, University of fornia, San Francisco, CA 94143.

Designing systems with human agents is difficult because it often requires models that characterize agents' responses to changes in the system's states and inputs. An example of this scenario occurs when designing treatments for obesity. While weight loss interventions through increasing physical activity and modifying diet have found success in reducing individuals' weight, such programs are difficult to maintain over long periods of time due to lack of patient adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2018.07.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377177PMC
February 2019

Beyond Social Science History: Population and Environment in the US Great Plains.

Authors:
Myron P Gutmann

Soc Sci Hist 2018 10;42(1):1-27. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of History and Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder.

This essay advocates for broadening social science history to include an even larger horizon, in order to reach a new level of understanding of human society in the past. It builds on and shares insights from twenty years of research that integrates environmental knowledge and environmental science into a history of social change, while simultaneously trying to understand in detail how people changed the environment. The focus of the research is the demographic, social, agricultural, and environmental history of the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ssh.2017.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376401PMC
January 2018

Protein-coding variants implicate novel genes related to lipid homeostasis contributing to body-fat distribution.

Authors:
Anne E Justice Tugce Karaderi Heather M Highland Kristin L Young Mariaelisa Graff Yingchang Lu Valérie Turcot Paul L Auer Rebecca S Fine Xiuqing Guo Claudia Schurmann Adelheid Lempradl Eirini Marouli Anubha Mahajan Thomas W Winkler Adam E Locke Carolina Medina-Gomez Tõnu Esko Sailaja Vedantam Ayush Giri Ken Sin Lo Tamuno Alfred Poorva Mudgal Maggie C Y Ng Nancy L Heard-Costa Mary F Feitosa Alisa K Manning Sara M Willems Suthesh Sivapalaratnam Goncalo Abecasis Dewan S Alam Matthew Allison Philippe Amouyel Zorayr Arzumanyan Beverley Balkau Lisa Bastarache Sven Bergmann Lawrence F Bielak Matthias Blüher Michael Boehnke Heiner Boeing Eric Boerwinkle Carsten A Böger Jette Bork-Jensen Erwin P Bottinger Donald W Bowden Ivan Brandslund Linda Broer Amber A Burt Adam S Butterworth Mark J Caulfield Giancarlo Cesana John C Chambers Daniel I Chasman Yii-Der Ida Chen Rajiv Chowdhury Cramer Christensen Audrey Y Chu Francis S Collins James P Cook Amanda J Cox David S Crosslin John Danesh Paul I W de Bakker Simon de Denus Renée de Mutsert George Dedoussis Ellen W Demerath Joe G Dennis Josh C Denny Emanuele Di Angelantonio Marcus Dörr Fotios Drenos Marie-Pierre Dubé Alison M Dunning Douglas F Easton Paul Elliott Evangelos Evangelou Aliki-Eleni Farmaki Shuang Feng Ele Ferrannini Jean Ferrieres Jose C Florez Myriam Fornage Caroline S Fox Paul W Franks Nele Friedrich Wei Gan Ilaria Gandin Paolo Gasparini Vilmantas Giedraitis Giorgia Girotto Mathias Gorski Harald Grallert Niels Grarup Megan L Grove Stefan Gustafsson Jeff Haessler Torben Hansen Andrew T Hattersley Caroline Hayward Iris M Heid Oddgeir L Holmen G Kees Hovingh Joanna M M Howson Yao Hu Yi-Jen Hung Kristian Hveem M Arfan Ikram Erik Ingelsson Anne U Jackson Gail P Jarvik Yucheng Jia Torben Jørgensen Pekka Jousilahti Johanne M Justesen Bratati Kahali Maria Karaleftheri Sharon L R Kardia Fredrik Karpe Frank Kee Hidetoshi Kitajima Pirjo Komulainen Jaspal S Kooner Peter Kovacs Bernhard K Krämer Kari Kuulasmaa Johanna Kuusisto Markku Laakso Timo A Lakka David Lamparter Leslie A Lange Claudia Langenberg Eric B Larson Nanette R Lee Wen-Jane Lee Terho Lehtimäki Cora E Lewis Huaixing Li Jin Li Ruifang Li-Gao Li-An Lin Xu Lin Lars Lind Jaana Lindström Allan Linneberg Ching-Ti Liu Dajiang J Liu Jian'an Luan Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen Stuart MacGregor Reedik Mägi Satu Männistö Gaëlle Marenne Jonathan Marten Nicholas G D Masca Mark I McCarthy Karina Meidtner Evelin Mihailov Leena Moilanen Marie Moitry Dennis O Mook-Kanamori Anna Morgan Andrew P Morris Martina Müller-Nurasyid Patricia B Munroe Narisu Narisu Christopher P Nelson Matt Neville Ioanna Ntalla Jeffrey R O'Connell Katharine R Owen Oluf Pedersen Gina M Peloso Craig E Pennell Markus Perola James A Perry John R B Perry Tune H Pers Ailith Ewing Ozren Polasek Olli T Raitakari Asif Rasheed Chelsea K Raulerson Rainer Rauramaa Dermot F Reilly Alex P Reiner Paul M Ridker Manuel A Rivas Neil R Robertson Antonietta Robino Igor Rudan Katherine S Ruth Danish Saleheen Veikko Salomaa Nilesh J Samani Pamela J Schreiner Matthias B Schulze Robert A Scott Marcelo Segura-Lepe Xueling Sim Andrew J Slater Kerrin S Small Blair H Smith Jennifer A Smith Lorraine Southam Timothy D Spector Elizabeth K Speliotes Kari Stefansson Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir Kathleen E Stirrups Konstantin Strauch Heather M Stringham Michael Stumvoll Liang Sun Praveen Surendran Karin M A Swart Jean-Claude Tardif Kent D Taylor Alexander Teumer Deborah J Thompson Gudmar Thorleifsson Unnur Thorsteinsdottir Betina H Thuesen Anke Tönjes Mina Torres Emmanouil Tsafantakis Jaakko Tuomilehto André G Uitterlinden Matti Uusitupa Cornelia M van Duijn Mauno Vanhala Rohit Varma Sita H Vermeulen Henrik Vestergaard Veronique Vitart Thomas F Vogt Dragana Vuckovic Lynne E Wagenknecht Mark Walker Lars Wallentin Feijie Wang Carol A Wang Shuai Wang Nicholas J Wareham Helen R Warren Dawn M Waterworth Jennifer Wessel Harvey D White Cristen J Willer James G Wilson Andrew R Wood Ying Wu Hanieh Yaghootkar Jie Yao Laura M Yerges-Armstrong Robin Young Eleftheria Zeggini Xiaowei Zhan Weihua Zhang Jing Hua Zhao Wei Zhao He Zheng Wei Zhou M Carola Zillikens Fernando Rivadeneira Ingrid B Borecki J Andrew Pospisilik Panos Deloukas Timothy M Frayling Guillaume Lettre Karen L Mohlke Jerome I Rotter Zoltán Kutalik Joel N Hirschhorn L Adrienne Cupples Ruth J F Loos Kari E North Cecilia M Lindgren

Nat Genet 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Body-fat distribution is a risk factor for adverse cardiovascular health consequences. We analyzed the association of body-fat distribution, assessed by waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index, with 228,985 predicted coding and splice site variants available on exome arrays in up to 344,369 individuals from five major ancestries (discovery) and 132,177 European-ancestry individuals (validation). We identified 15 common (minor allele frequency, MAF ≥5%) and nine low-frequency or rare (MAF <5%) coding novel variants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0334-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Patients with basal ganglia damage show preserved learning in an economic game.

Nat Commun 2019 Feb 18;10(1):802. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Helen Wills Neuroscience Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.

Both basal ganglia (BG) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) have been widely implicated in social and non-social decision-making. However, unlike OFC damage, BG pathology is not typically associated with disturbances in social functioning. Here we studied the behavior of patients with focal lesions to either BG or OFC in a multi-strategy competitive game known to engage these regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08766-1DOI Listing
February 2019
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