810,744 results match your criteria Social Phobia


[Interagency Cooperation in a Community Mental Health Centre - A Qualitative Study about the Stakeholders' Experiences].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Fachbereich Sozialwesen, Hochschule Niederrhein, University of Applied Sciences, Mönchengladbach.

Objective: This study explores the conditions for the stakeholders' cooperation in an integrative care model for people with psychosocial problems.

Methods: Expert interviews on various community mental health care providers were led and content analyzed.

Results: Joint objectives and conceptually comparable financing models were found to be essential for cooperation across mental health and social integration services. Read More

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December 2018

Health Burden, Instrumental and Emotional Support Adequacy, and Depressive Symptoms in Older Men With HIV.

Gerontologist 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Virginia Tech Center for Gerontology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg.

Background And Objectives: Older adults with HIV face greater health burden than HIV-uninfected counterparts. Little is known about resources that might mediate the influence of physiological health burden on psychological well-being. Informed by the stress process model, we assessed the influence of multifaceted health burden indicators on depressive symptoms and evaluated the mediating effects of social support adequacy. Read More

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December 2018

Older HIV+ and HIV- Adults Provide Similar Definitions of Successful Aging: A Mixed-Methods Examination.

Gerontologist 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego.

Background And Objective: As HIV-infected (HIV+) individuals age, there is a need to understand successful aging (SA) from the patient perspective. This study compared SA definitions between HIV+ and HIV-uninfected (HIV-) older adults and then examined correlates of SA categories.

Research Design And Methods: Ninety-three HIV+ and 46 HIV- older (aged 50+) adults provided brief definitions of SA, which was examined using content analysis. Read More

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December 2018
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Who suffers from the cumulation of atypical employment? A longitudinal analysis based on Dutch data.

Eur J Public Health 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Labour Law and Social Policy Department, Tilburg Law School, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Our study examines the relationship between the cumulation of employment statuses such as temporary contracts, self-employed, work at home or participating in the business activity of the spouse, and the health of Dutch early career workers. We followed four cohorts of Dutch early career workers that entered the labour market in 2002, 2004, 2006 and 2008 for a period of six years. Based on our fixed effects models, we conclude that men but not women who during their first six years of labour market participation experienced more spells of atypical employment also reported worse self-rated health. Read More

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December 2018

Agnostic Pathway/Gene Set Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Data Identifies Associations for Pancreatic Cancer.

Authors:
Naomi Walsh Han Zhang Paula L Hyland Qi Yang Evelina Mocci Mingfeng Zhang Erica J Childs Irene Collins Zhaoming Wang Alan A Arslan Laura Beane-Freeman Paige M Bracci Paul Brennan Federico Canzian Eric J Duell Steven Gallinger Graham G Giles Michael Goggins Gary E Goodman Phyllis J Goodman Rayjean J Hung Charles Kooperberg Robert C Kurtz Núria Malats Loic LeMarchand Rachel E Neale Sara H Olson Ghislaine Scelo Xiao O Shu Stephen K Van Den Eeden Kala Visvanathan Emily White Wei Zheng Demetrius Albanes Gabriella Andreotti Ana Babic William R Bamlet Sonja I Berndt Ayelet Borgida Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault Lauren Brais Paul Brennan Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita Julie Buring Kari G Chaffee Stephen Chanock Sean Cleary Michelle Cotterchio Lenka Foretova Charles Fuchs J Michael M Gaziano Edward Giovannucci Michael Goggins Thilo Hackert Christopher Haiman Patricia Hartge Manal Hasan Kathy J Helzlsouer Joseph Herman Ivana Holcatova Elizabeth A Holly Robert Hoover Rayjean J Hung Vladimir Janout Eric A Klein Robert C Kurtz Daniel Laheru I-Min Lee Lingeng Lu Núria Malats Satu Mannisto Roger L Milne Ann L Oberg Irene Orlow Alpa V Patel Ulrike Peters Miquel Porta Francisco X Real Nathaniel Rothman Howard D Sesso Gianluca Severi Debra Silverman Oliver Strobel Malin Sund Mark D Thornquist Geoffrey S Tobias Jean Wactawski-Wende Nick Wareham Elisabete Weiderpass Nicolas Wentzensen William Wheeler Herbert Yu Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte Peter Kraft Donghui Li Eric J Jacobs Gloria M Petersen Brian M Wolpin Harvey A Risch Laufey T Amundadottir Kai Yu Alison P Klein Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon

J Natl Cancer Inst 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identify associations of individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with cancer risk but usually only explain a fraction of the inherited variability. Pathway analysis of genetic variants is a powerful tool to identify networks of susceptibility genes.

Methods: We conducted a large agnostic pathway-based meta-analysis of GWAS data using the summary-based adaptive rank truncated product method to identify gene sets and pathways associated with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in 9040 cases and 12 496 controls. Read More

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December 2018

Examining associations between physical activity and cardiovascular mortality using negative control outcomes.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The purpose of a negative control is to reproduce a condition that cannot involve the hypothesized causal mechanism, but does involve the same sources of bias and confounding that may distort the primary association of interest. Observational studies suggest physical inactivity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), although potential sources of bias, including reverse causation and residual confounding, make it difficult to infer causality. The aim was to employ a negative control outcome to explore the extent to which the association between physical activity and CVD mortality is explained by confounding. Read More

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December 2018

Cohort Profile: the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study (The LS).

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Longitudinal Study Information and User Support (CeLSIUS), Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

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December 2018

Sh3rf2 Haploinsufficiency Leads to Unilateral Neuronal Development Deficits and Autistic-Like Behaviors in Mice.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):2963-2971.e6

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Parkinson's Disease Center, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include a variety of developmental brain disorders with clinical findings implicating the dysfunction of the left hemisphere. Here, we generate mice lacking one copy of Sh3rf2, which was detected in ASD patients, to determine whether Sh3rf2 is involved in brain development and whether mutation of SH3RF2 is causative for ASD and the mechanisms linking it to ASD traits. We find that mice with Sh3rf2 haploinsufficiency display significant deficits in social interaction and communication, as well as stereotyped or repetitive behaviors and hyperactivity and seizures. Read More

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December 2018

Extraversion personality, perceived health and activity participation among community-dwelling aging adults in Hong Kong.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209154. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Humanities and Communication, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou, China.

Activity participation is essential to the wellbeing of aging adults. Divergent levels of activity participation within aging populations have been explained from diverse perspectives, but the interaction effects of key determinants, such as personality and health, are often ignored. This study examines the effects of extravert personality on aging adults' activity levels by addressing its interaction with perceived physical health and mental health. Read More

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December 2018
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Changes of sexual risk behaviors and sexual connections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men along their HIV care continuum.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209008. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Background: While HIV incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is increasing in Hong Kong, unprotected sex apparently remains prevalent among those infected but virally non-suppressed. Little is known about how sexual behaviours and sexual connections may change among MSM along their HIV care continuum.

Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, HIV-positive MSM attending the largest HIV specialist clinic in Hong Kong between October and December 2014 were invited to complete a self-administrated structured questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018

Inferring symmetric and asymmetric interactions between animals and groups from positional data.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208202. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, WA, Australia.

Interactions between domestic and wild species has become a global problem of growing interest. Global Position Systems (GPS) allow collection of vast records of time series of animal spatial movement, but there is need for developing analytical methods to efficiently use this information to unravel species interactions. This study assesses different methods to infer interactions and their symmetry between individual animals, social groups or species. Read More

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December 2018

Anti-smoking social norms are associated with increased cessation behaviours among lower and higher socioeconomic status smokers: A population-based cohort study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208950. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Social denormalisation of smoking can provide an environment that helps smokers to quit. This study examined which of three measures of anti-smoking social norms have the greatest influence on quitting-related cognitions and behaviours, and if this influence differs according to socioeconomic status (SES).

Methods: The Victorian Tracking Survey measured social norms among 1,348 (n(weighted) = 1,373) Australian adult smokers (aged 18-59) between 2012 and 2014, who were followed-up one week later. Read More

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December 2018

Eye blinks are perceived as communicative signals in human face-to-face interaction.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208030. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

In face-to-face communication, recurring intervals of mutual gaze allow listeners to provide speakers with visual feedback (e.g. nodding). Read More

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December 2018

Age threshold for recommending higher protein intake to prevent age-related muscle weakness: A cross-sectional study in Japan.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208169. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Departments of Health and Social Behavior, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Although insufficient dietary protein intake is a known risk factor for age-related muscle weakness, the optimal age at which higher protein intake is required to prevent muscle weakness is yet to be determined. Using a population-based panel survey of community-dwelling people aged 50-75 years, this cross-sectional study aimed to find the age threshold at which a higher protein intake is associated with higher muscle strength. We utilized a dataset from the Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement conducted between 2007 and 2011. Read More

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December 2018

Lower allergen levels in hypoallergenic Curly Horses? A comparison among breeds by measurements of horse allergens in hair and air samples.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207871. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (IPA), Bochum, Germany.

Background: Exposure to horses can cause severe allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. The breed, American Bashkir Curly Horse is categorized as hypoallergenic, primarily due to reports of allergic patients experiencing fewer symptoms while handling this special breed. The possible reasons for this phenomenon could be lower allergen production and/or reduced allergen release into the air because of increased sebum content in their skin and hair compared to other breeds. Read More

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December 2018
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Regional paleoclimates and local consequences: Integrating GIS analysis of diachronic settlement patterns and process-based agroecosystem modeling of potential agricultural productivity in Provence (France).

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207622. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Schools of Sustainability and Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.

Holocene climate variability in the Mediterranean Basin is often cited as a potential driver of societal change, but the mechanisms of this putative influence are generally little explored. In this paper we integrate two tools-agro-ecosystem modeling of potential agricultural yields and spatial analysis of archaeological settlement pattern data-in order to examine the human consequences of past climatic changes. Focusing on a case study in Provence (France), we adapt an agro-ecosystem model to the modeling of potential agricultural productivity during the Holocene. Read More

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December 2018

Chimpanzees' understanding of social leverage.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207868. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

Social primates can influence others through the control of resources. For instance, dominant male chimpanzees might allow subordinates access to mate with females in exchange for social support. However, little is known about how chimpanzees strategically use a position of leverage to maximize their own benefits. Read More

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December 2018

Social and ecological conditions of cranberry production and climate change attitudes in New England.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207237. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Earth and Environmental Sciences, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Cranberry growers in New England are increasingly pressured by negative effects associated with global climate change, some of which are familiar to this group (such as precipitation fluctuations and pest pressures), others that are rather new (such as warmer winters that threaten needed chill hours for the plants to bloom). The first study of this population of its kind, we use a survey, supplemented with observations and interviews, to assess Massachusetts cranberry grower attitudes towards climate change, and whether certain conditions of production might be associated with their attitudes. Our findings suggest that certain personal and ecological conditions are associated with greater worry of climate change effects, and that communal conditions of the cranberry grower social network provide some ways to cope with a warming climate. Read More

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December 2018

Social Stress Affects Colonic Inflammation, the Gut Microbiome, and Short Chain Fatty Acid Levels and Receptors.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, United States.

Objectives: Gastrointestinal disorders, such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), involve disrupted homeostatic interactions between the microbiota and the host. Both disorders are worsened during stress, and in laboratory mice, stress exposure has been shown to change the composition of the gut microbiome. Stress-induced changes to the microbiome exacerbate intestinal inflammation and alter intestinal motility in mice. Read More

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December 2018

Latent Transition Analysis of the Symptom Experience of Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy.

Nurs Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Research Scientist, Yale School of Nursing, West Haven, CT Professor, Department of Psychiatry & Statistics and Probability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI Professor Emeritus, College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI Professor Emeritus, Department of Family Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI Beatrice Retrice Renfield Term Professor of Nursing, Yale Schools of Nursing & Medicine, West Haven, CT.

Background: Symptom clusters reflect the person's experience of multiple co-occurring symptoms. While a variety of statistical methods are available to address the clustering of symptoms, latent transition analysis (LTA) characterizes patient membership in classes defined by the symptom experience and captures changes in class membership over time.

Objectives: The purposes of this paper are to demonstrate the application of LTA to cancer symptom data and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of LTA relative to other methods of managing and interpreting data on multiple symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

Application of the ConNECT Framework to Precision Health and Health Disparities.

Nurs Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Professor and Associate Vice Dean of Research, University of South Florida College of Nursing, Tampa, FL Founding Director, Center of Community Alliance for Research Education, Professor, Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA Associate Professor, The Ohio State University, College of Nursing, Columbus, OH Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612 Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Professor, Department of Psychological Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC Senior Member, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL Department of Health Disparities Research, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute & Department of Oncological Sciences, University of South Florida, College of Medicine, Tampa, FL Assistant Professor, Department of Oncology Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Social Sciences and Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL Associate Professor, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR Staff Scientist, Project Director, Biobehavioral Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Strategic Director of Health Disparities Research, Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.

Background: An emphasis on precision health (PH) has stimulated precision medicine studies to focus on the interplay of biological, behavioral, and environmental factors with disease risks, treatments, prognoses, and outcomes affecting health disparities. It is imperative, as well, that improving health equity among underserved populations remains central to the efforts and aims of PH.

Objectives: Apply the transdisciplinary ConNECT Framework: A model for advancing behavioral medicine science and practice to foster health equity to PH by integrating a population health agenda for reducing health disparities. Read More

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December 2018

Salivary Biomarkers of Parenting Stress in Mothers Under Community Criminal Justice Supervision.

Nurs Res 2019 Jan/Feb;68(1):48-56

Jenna K. Rieder, BA, is Research Assistant, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, NY. Lorie S. Goshin, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor; and D.R. Gina Sissoko, BA, is Research Assistant, Hunter College, The City University of New York, NY. Olena Kleshchova, MS, is Research Assistant, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, NY. Mariann R. Weierich, PhD, is Associate Professor, Hunter College, The City University of New York, NY.

Background: Community criminal justice supervised mothers are an underserved population who experience high rates of psychological distress and unique parenting challenges, but little is known about physiological stress system function in this population.

Objective: We tested the salivary biomarkers of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function as predictors of subjective maternal stress.

Method: We recruited 23 mothers (age: M = 35. Read More

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December 2018

Job Strain and Long-Term Sickness Absence from Work - a Ten-Year Prospective Study in German Working Population.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Global Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Belgium (Mutambudzi); Department of Preventive Medicine & Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (Mutambudzi); Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden (Theorell); Institute of Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, Germany (Li).

Objective: To examine the prospective associations between baseline job strain and ten-year cumulative incidence of long term sickness absence (LTSA) in the German workforce.

Methods: This study used longitudinal data from the 2001-2010 waves of The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) (n = 9794). Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the prospective association between job strain and incidence of LTSA. Read More

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December 2018

Associations between Job-Strain, Physical Activity, Health Status and Sleep Quality Among Swedish Municipality Workers.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Health Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Netherlands (Leitaru), Department of Health Promotion, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University, Netherlands (Kremers), Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden (Hagberg, Björklund, Kwak).

Objective: To examine the associations between work-stress and physical activity (PA) with sleep quality while controlling for covariates, including social support.

Methods: A cross-sectional study among employees of a municipality (n = 2765). Data from respondents (n = 1973) with good/poor sleep quality were included. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the Role of Regional Anesthesia in the Treatment of the Burn Injured Patient: A Narrative Review of Current Literature.

Clin J Pain 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The University of Queensland, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, St Lucia, QLD, Australia, 4072.

Objectives: The review article was designed to assess the effectiveness of regional anesthesia, specifically peripheral nerve blocks, in the treatment of burn pain; with noting of clinical indications and contraindications for peripheral nerve block application, along with discussion of evidence-based analgesic strategies for providing improved, comprehensive burn pain management.

Methods: A search of relevant literature was performed using CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and SCOPUS with a publication date between January 2005 and December 2017.

Results: The search yielded ten results that met criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions of a Good Death in Children with Life-Shortening Conditions: An Integrative Review.

J Palliat Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

2 International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University , Lancaster, United Kingdom .

Background: For children with life-shortening illness, achieving a "good death" can be a tacit goal. There is little understanding of how different stakeholders perceive what a "good death" might be.

Objective: To review empirical literature to construct an understanding of a "good death" for children with life-shortening conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Virtual Reality for Teletherapy: Avatars May Combine the Benefits of Face-to-Face Communication with the Anonymity of Online Text-Based Communication.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Psychology, University of Sydney , Sydney, Australia .

Self-disclosure is an essential component of social communication that has been associated with trust, liking, and ultimately strong relationships. As technology continues to develop, so do the number of methods to create and maintain relationships. While speaking face-to-face (FtF) remains the primary way to communicate, computer-mediated communication has become more common, meaning that research into self-disclosure has expanded to new domains, including virtual reality (VR). Read More

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December 2018

Obesity and healthy aging: social, functional and mental well-being among older Canadians.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2018 Dec;38(12):437-444

Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Canadians are living longer than before, and a large proportion of them are living with obesity. The present study sought to describe how older participants in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) who are living with obesity are aging, through an examination of measures of social, functional and mental well-being.

Methods: We used data from the first wave of the CLSA for people aged 55 to 85 years in this study. Read More

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December 2018
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[Dark personality traits at work].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):359-373

Pecsi Tudomanyegyetem, Pszichologia Intezet, Pecs, Hungary, E-mail:

Nowadays there has been an increase of scientific interest related to the dark triad of personality: Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. In the last two decades several studies were published about the work related correlates of the dark personality traits. The aim of the current paper is to summarize and review these international and Hungarian research findings. Read More

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January 2018

[The role of perfectionism, social phobia, self-efficacy and life satisfaction in the background of trait anxiety].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):347-358

Szegedi Tudomanyegyetem Bolcseszettudomanyi Kar, Nevelestudomanyi Doktori Iskola, Szeged, Hungary, E-mail:

Background And Aims Of The Study: Anxiety related studies often investigate the personality factors and possible comorbid anxiety disorders that may underly trait anxiety. Women have higher prevalence rates across anxiety disorders, so we chose to examine the trait anxiety, perfectionism, self-efficacy and life satisfaction in a group of female participants.

Method: An online, self-reported questionnaire was used as an online method of data collection. Read More

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January 2018

Religion and Compulsive Sexuality: A Response to Efrati's (2018) God, I Can't Stop Thinking about Sex!

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 12:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Graduate School of Social Work , Touro College.

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December 2018

[Introduction: In an epidemic context, the identification of suspected cases, among alert or contact cases, leads to caring for persons for whom only a minority will be confirmed cases, with a laboratory diagnosis positive for Ebola. How are suspected cases treated that are not subsequently confirmed and how do they feel about this experience What are the medical or social consequencesMethods: A qualitative study was conducted in two countries with a high Ebola risk epidemic situation in 2015-2016 (Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire). Based on interviews with suspected cases and caregivers, 12 referral itineraries were identified for 20 people.Results: Narratives are dominated by the perception of failures at several levels: insufficient means and service preparation; lack of care for patients’ vital needs and lack of treatment for their diseases; lack of listening, explanation and consideration for their families; patients’ suffering from being isolated and facing violence; unexpected secondary social effects. These findings can be explained partly by caregivers’ focus on Ebola diagnosis more than patients, fear of contagion, and by the insufficient preparation of isolation spaces at the time of the survey.Conclusion].

Sante Publique 2018 Oct;30(4):565-574

Introduction: In an epidemic context, the identification of suspected cases, among alert or contact cases, leads to caring for persons for whom only a minority will be confirmed cases, with a laboratory diagnosis positive for Ebola. How are suspected cases treated that are not subsequently confirmed and how do they feel about this experience? What are the medical or social consequences?

Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in two countries with a high Ebola risk epidemic situation in 2015-2016 (Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire). Based on interviews with suspected cases and caregivers, 12 referral itineraries were identified for 20 people. Read More

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October 2018

[Objectives: This study aims to analyze how graduates, coming from low income Francophone countries, of the Master in International Health and Nutrition Policies program at the Senghor University are a new human capital bringing an original contribution to the global development of African communities.Methods: A secondary analysis of qualitative findings responded to the research question about the evidences of the impact of this new human capital over the community development of countries where the graduates worked. Findings also revealed graduates’ potential to contribute to future endeavors in global health. The analysis was conceptually framed by the population health promotion model and the dyad of human and social capital. Findings were analyzed applying the thematic analysis method focusing on four themes: profile of human capital, impacts and results, review of contextual conditions and expected results.Results: Accounts of 70 graduates indicated an emergence of a new profile of human capital due the reinforcement of their qualities, valorization of their assets and consolidation of their skills. As multi-level knowledge brokers, the graduates brought an original contribution to the African development by enhancing individuals’ competencies.Conclusions].

Sante Publique 2018 Oct;30(4):535-544

Objectives: This study aims to analyze how graduates, coming from low income Francophone countries, of the Master in International Health and Nutrition Policies program at the Senghor University are a new human capital bringing an original contribution to the global development of African communities.

Methods: A secondary analysis of qualitative findings responded to the research question about the evidences of the impact of this new human capital over the community development of countries where the graduates worked. Findings also revealed graduates' potential to contribute to future endeavors in global health. Read More

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October 2018

Men's position in family care on situations of chronic illness.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2018 Dec 10;52:e03398. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.

Objective: To understand the care by men in situations of chronic illness of one or more of his children, based on the dimensions of care.

Method: It was based on a comprehensive approach and on the (re)view of the database of the matrix research to which the study is linked, with emphasis on three experiences of illness, in which the men effectively participated in the family care: two children with sickle cell anemia; son with adrenoleukodystrophy and son with concomitant diseases (cancer and kidney disease).

Results: The analysis diagram of each family demonstrated different ways of caring, explaining the relationship between the dimensions of care by men: social; affective/relational and physical/circulation, as well as the reverberations between these dimensions in the care. Read More

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December 2018

EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF LIFE OF PARENTS AND CAREGIVERS OF ASTHMATIC CHILDREN.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):451-456

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate and compare the levels of quality of life of parents/caregivers of children with and without diagnosis of asthma.

Methods: Parents of children with asthma (asthma group) undergoing outpatient care and parents of children without asthma or asthma in remission (control group) were selected from public schools. They answered a questionnaire about quality of life (The World Health Organization Quality of Life- WHOQOL-BREF), previously validated for the study population. Read More

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HEPATITIS B AND C IN PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDED BY A PRENATAL PROGRAM IN AN UNIVERSITARY HOSPITAL IN RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL: RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SEROPREVALENCE SCREENING.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):267-273

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Background: Hepatitis B and C are diseases with high morbimortality and constitute a global public health problem. In Brazil, the prevalence is not homogeneous, oscillating among different regions, but it is estimated that currently about 1% of the population present chronic disease related to the B virus and that there are 1.5 million infected with the C virus. Read More

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INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: IMPACT ON SCORES OF QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN BRAZIL.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):202-207

Programa de Pós-Graduação: Ciências da Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease frequently affects patients at working age, compromising their quality of life in several levels: physical, psychological, familial and social. Few studies have evaluated the impact of Inflammatory bowel disease on quality of life, anxiety and depression in Brazilian patients.

Objective: Evaluate quality of life and its correlation with psychological aspects of patients with inflammatory bowel disease through the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Read More

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November 2017

Quality of life in children with kidney transplant: Systematic review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2818-2823

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Paulista Nursing School. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To identify in the literature studies that evaluate the quality of life in pediatric patients with kidney transplant through use of specific, validated instruments in Pediatrics.

Method: Systematic review of the literature with searches conducted in the following databases: Medline, PubMed, LILACS, CINAHL, SciELO and Cochrane Library. Main keywords: Quality of life, Kidney transplantation and Pediatrics. Read More

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January 2018

The care of nurses in the Family Health Strategy: practices and theoretical foundation.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2767-2774

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the practices of nurses working in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in a city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and the theoretical foundations that guide them.

Method: Qualitative research through semi-structured interviews with twelve nurses working in eleven FHS units between August and December 2014. Data were organized by hermeneutic-dialectical analysis. Read More

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January 2018

Between State, society and family: the care of female caregivers.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2720-2727

Universidade Estadual de Campinas, School of Nursing. Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: to investigate the care provided by family female caregivers of elderly dependents who have been monitored by public home care and its social repercussions, discussing the facets between State, society and families.

Method: descriptive cross-sectional study, with 45 caregivers of elderly patients accompanied by Home Care Services. Data were collected by means of a structured script. Read More

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January 2018

Needs, expectations and care production of people in street situation.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2689-2697

Universidade de São Paulo, School of Nursing. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To understand the needs, expectations, and care production of people in street situations.

Method: This is a qualitative study based on social phenomenology, conducted with eight people in street situations. Data were collected through a phenomenological interview from September to December, 2016. Read More

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January 2018

The production of care in the routine of Family Health Teams.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2659-2665

Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: To identify the factors interfering in the production of care in the daily work of health professionals from the Primary Health Care.

Method: Qualitative research carried out with Family Health Strategy (FHS) teams, in the health units of Rocinha (Rocinha is a favela located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). To analyze the data, the thematic network proposed by Attride-Stirling was used. Read More

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January 2018

Influence of socio-demographic characteristics in the self-care of people with heart failure.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2604-2611

Universidade Federal do Ceará. Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Objective: To determine the influence of socio-demographic characteristics in the self-care of people with heart failure (HF).

Method: Cross-sectional, analytical study, held in three private hospitals in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, with 57 hospitalized patients. The data were collected through a demographic characterization form and a self-care assessment scale and were analyzed with inferential statistics, using mean comparison tests. Read More

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January 2018

[Evaluation of satisfaction with dental care from the standpoint of adult Brazilian users: a multilevel analysis].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4339-4349

Departamento de Odontologia, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros MG Brasil.

The scope of this paper was to evaluate the satisfaction regarding dental care services and to identify the association between dissatisfaction and contextual/individual variables. It involved a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8,943 adults from 177 municipalities, in which 14.9% of adults were dissatisfied. Read More

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December 2018

[Training in Family Health and its association with work processes of Primary Care Dentistry Teams].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4319-4329

Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Social, Faculdade de Odontologia, UFRGS. Porto Alegre RS Brasil.

The National Oral Health Policy emphasizes the importance of training in Primary Health Care and adapting the work processes to the new health care model. This study seeks to investigate the association between the training of Dental-Surgeons in Family Health and the work process. It involved a cross-sectional and multicentric study, with 18,114 Oral Health Teams that participated on the National Program to Enhance Access and Quality of Primary Health Care. Read More

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December 2018

Does an ear deformity bring an adverse impact on quality of life of Treacher Collins syndrome individuals?

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4311-4318

Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa e Assistência para Reabilitação Craniofacial. Campinas SP Brasil.

Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable expression in which the ear may or may not be absent or with a malformation. Individuals with TCS suffer social stigma that may affect interaction with their peers. Quality of life instruments obtained through self-perception questionnaires are stigma identification tools and can enable social adjustment of these individuals. Read More

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December 2018

[Leisure among university students in the healthcare area: a review of the literature].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4221-4229

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho. Rubião Junior s/n, Rubião Junior. 18618-000 Botucatu SP Brasil.

This article set out to analyze studies on leisure activities among university students in the healthcare area. It conducted a search using the following key words: leisure and students, and their corresponding terms in Spanish and English in the Bireme database, which resulted in 32 articles at the end of the review. In the articles analyzed there was a predominance of the following leisure interests: sports, social, intellectual and artistic activities, with a greater number of articles presenting experiences in sports. Read More

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December 2018

Health and Food and Nutritional Security Policies: challenges in controlling childhood obesity.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4143-4152

Departamento de Nutrição Social, Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal Fluminense. R. Mario Santos Braga 30/4º, Centro. 24020-140 Niterói RJ Brasil.

The study analyzed the initiatives of prevention and control of childhood obesity, especially those of Adequate and Healthy Food Promotion (PAAS) which have been part of the policies of the Brazilian federal government for the last 15 years. All documents that feature PAAS initiatives in the food and nutrition security, as well as public health policy fields, were evaluated according to the following criteria: (1) the approach to PAAS initiatives; (2) the aspects of obesitythat they intend to affect and (3) potential interest disputes. The main PAAS initiatives identified are intended to encourage: food and nutrition education; agroecological production systems; family agriculture; food accessibility; healthy environments and regulatory measures. Read More

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December 2018

[Association between domestic maltreatment and excess weight and fat among students of the city/state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4129-4142

Depto. Nutrição Social, Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

This study sought to investigate the relationship between domestic maltreatment and excess weight, body fat and abdominal fat among adolescents from the public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro - Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study using data from the Risk Factor Surveillance System and Protection of Health of Adolescents, held in 2007 by the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The sample consisted of 1628 students aged 13 to 19 years, of both sexes, in the 9th year of school. Read More

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December 2018
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