5,403 results match your criteria Social Phobia

Self-reported fears and mental health in elementary school children across Europe.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Université de Paris, Institut de Psychologie, Paris, France.

Fears are common in the general population and particularly among children. The number of fear subtypes (animals, natural environment, situational, blood-injection-injury or other type) has been shown to be associated with psychopathology. Furthermore, there is evidence suggesting that some subtypes may be more often associated with mental disorders than others. Read More

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Case Report: Adolescent With Autism and Gender Dysphoria.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:671448. Epub 2021 May 26.

Center for Mental Health, University Psychiatric Clinic Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

There is increasing clinical evidence of an association between gender variability, gender dysphoria (GD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This seems to be a two-way relationship, a person with GD is more likely to be diagnosed with ASD and vice versa. In youth, it is important to distinguish whether the presented symptoms are a manifestation of ASD focus on special interests or symptoms of co-occurring GD. Read More

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Maternal low-intensity psychosocial telemental interventions in response to COVID-19 in Qatar: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Jun 7;22(1):382. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Introduction: As COVID-19 is spreading, new psychological health problems are suspected to be emerging among pregnant women. Higher maternal mental health distress, including perinatal anxiety, depression, and COVID-19-specific phobia, is supposed to be increasing during the pandemic, which impacts pregnant women's health and their infants and calls for intervention. Due to the social distancing protocols posed by the pandemic, telemental health interventions have fast become the most common form of psychosocial support for maternal mental health. Read More

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Group-level physiological synchrony and individual-level anxiety predict positive affective behaviors during a group decision-making task.

Psychophysiology 2021 Jun 6:e13857. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Joint performance can lead to the synchronization of physiological processes among group members during a shared task. Recently, it has been shown that synchronization is indicative of subjective ratings of group processes and task performance. However, different methods have been used to quantify synchronization, and little is known about the effects of the choice of method and level of analysis (individuals, dyads, or triads) on the results. Read More

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Detachable Lip and Cheek Plumper for Rehabilitation of Facial Disfigurement.

Case Rep Dent 2021 13;2021:6668737. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Background: Hemimaxillectomy of acquired palatal defects may predispose the patient to hypernasal speech, leakage of fluids into the nasal cavity, impaired masticatory function, and swallowing difficulties leading to a detrimental impact on the quality of life. Sequentially, it can also affect individual character and trust in social life, leading to social phobia and anxiety. This article presents prosthodontic management of a young male patient with deformation of the entire right half of the face due to surgical removal of odontogenic myxoma. Read More

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COVID-19 phobia in a boy with undiagnosed autism spectrum disorder: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26233

Department of Neuropsychiatry.

Rationale: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is affecting mental health profoundly. Previous studies have reported pandemic-related anxiety. Anxiety disorder and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are common comorbidities. Read More

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Cognitive Neural Mechanism of Social Anxiety Disorder: A Meta-Analysis Based on fMRI Studies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 22;18(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430056, China.

Objective: The present meta-analysis aimed to explore the cognitive and neural mechanism of social anxiety disorder (SAD) from a whole-brain view, and compare the differences in brain activations under different task paradigms.

Methods: We searched Web of Science Core Collection and other databases with the keywords related to social anxiety, social phobia, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for comparing persons with SAD to healthy controls and used the activation likelihood estimation method. Thirty-seven papers met the inclusion criteria, including 15 with emotional faces as stimuli, 8 presenting specific situations as stimuli, and 14 using other types of tasks as stimuli. Read More

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Validation of the Italian Version of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire (BIQ) for Preschool Children.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 21;18(11). Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Psychology "Renzo Canestrari", University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy.

Behavioral Inhibition (BI) is a temperamental trait characterized by fear and wariness in reaction to new and unfamiliar stimuli, both social and non-social. BI has been recognized as possible forerunner of anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety and phobia; therefore, its assessment is clinically relevant. The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Italian adaptation of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire (BIQ), which measures BI in preschool children. Read More

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Social phobia and its relationship with perceived epilepsy-associated stigma IN patients with epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 27;121(Pt A):108060. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Neurology, University of Ministry Health, Gaziosmanpasa Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Patients with epilepsy (PWE) might feel stigmatized due to the likelihood of having uncontrollable seizures and the possibility of their sudden occurrence in the community, which may lead to increased rates of social phobia in these patients. People with social phobia interpret others' attitudes toward them negatively and hence feel stigmatized. This vicious circle may be applied to PWE, reduces the quality of life and might cause them more challenging psychosocial problems than seizure management. Read More

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EEG correlates of attentional control in anxiety disorders: A systematic review of error-related negativity and correct-response negativity findings.

J Affect Disord 2021 Aug 24;291:140-153. Epub 2021 May 24.

Epworth Centre for Innovation in Mental Health, Epworth Healthcare and Department of Psychiatry, Monash University, 888 Toorak Rd, Camberwell, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and cause substantial personal, social and economic burden. Altered attentional control has been shown to be present across anxiety disorders and is associated with specific changes in brain activity which can be recorded by electroencephalogram (EEG). These include changes in the EEG markers of error-related negativity (ERN) and correct-response negativity (CRN), both believed to reflect response monitoring and attentional control pathophysiology in anxiety. Read More

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Childhood abuse and social anxiety symptoms among young adults: Moderating role of respiratory sinus arrhythmia suppression to social stress.

Huayu Ji Wei Lü

Child Abuse Negl 2021 May 18;117:105118. Epub 2021 May 18.

Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Shaanxi Key Research Center for Children Mental and Behavior Health, School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, China. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood abuse (CA) has been considered as an environmental risk factor for the development of social anxiety symptoms. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a biomarker that has been found to interact with environmental stressors to affect psychopathological symptoms. However, little is known whether RSA moderates the relationship between CA and social anxiety symptoms. Read More

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Social interaction changes in people with intellectual disabilities through the application of equine-assisted intervention in Korea.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(4):3573-3581. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Joenju Kijeon College Jeonju, South Korea.

This study aims to provide basic information about the social interaction changes in people with intellectual disabilities through the application of equine-assisted intervention (EAI) in Korea. The subjects were 12 people with intellectual disabilities residing in a residential care facility in Korea. EAI was applied and consisted of communal activities and horseback riding. Read More

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Pediatric dentists' perspectives of children with special health care needs in Japan: developmental disabilities, phobia, maltreatment, and multidisciplinary collaboration.

BMC Pediatr 2021 05 19;21(1):240. Epub 2021 May 19.

Dep. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, 3-1-2, Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Background: The number of children diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DDs) or other chronic difficulties has risen. However, each professional's awareness of children with developmental, emotional and behavioural difficulties may differ, allowing their special needs to be overlooked at child health checkups until secondary difficulties appear. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the multi-professional views of children with such chronic difficulties. Read More

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Social Distancing During A COVID-19 Lockdown Contributes to The Maintenance of Social Anxiety: A Natural Experiment.

Cognit Ther Res 2021 May 13:1-7. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to extensive social distancing measures. For those suffering from social anxiety, social distancing coincides with a tendency to avoid social interactions. We used this natural experiment imposed by a COVID-19 lockdown to examine how mandated low social exposure influenced socially anxious university students, and compared their anxiety to that of socially anxious students in preceding academic years with no social distancing. Read More

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A systematic review on nomophobia prevalence: Surfacing results and standard guidelines for future research.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(5):e0250509. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), Madrid, Spain.

Background: Mobile phones allow us to stay connected with others and provide us a sense of security. We can work, chat with family and friends, take pictures, buy clothes or books, and even control home appliances. They play such a significant role in our lives that we feel anxious without them. Read More

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Physiological, Psychosocial, and Environmental factors in Depression among Autistic Girls.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Brain-Behaviour Research Group, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia, 2350.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and depression are often co-occurring in young people. However, despite the association between these two disorders, and the fact that females have higher prevalence for depression than males in the general population, there is little reported evidence regarding the correlates of depression in young autistic females. Several physiological (age, menarche, HPA-axis responses), psychological (social anxiety), and environmental or genetic (mothers' depression) factors were tested for their contribution to depression severity in a sample of 53 autistic girls aged 6yr to 17yr. Read More

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Psychological factors affecting COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy.

Ir J Med Sci 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Psychiatry Department, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey.

Background: Vaccine hesitancy is an important public health problem.

Aims: Identifying and understanding COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy may aid future public health messaging. This study, in which we planned to study the determinants of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, aims to reveal the relationship between "intolerance of uncertainty," "belief in conspiracy theories," and "COVID-19 phobia" with vaccine hesitancy. Read More

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Heart rate variability in late pregnancy: exploration of distinctive patterns in relation to maternal mental health.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 14;11(1):286. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Exploration of photoplethysmography (PPG), a technique that can be translated to the clinic, has the potential to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) through heart rate variable (HRV) in pregnant individuals. This novel study explores the complexity of mental health of individuals in a clinical sample responding to a task in late pregnancy; finding those with several types of past or current anxiety disorders, greater trait anxiety, or greater exposure to childhood traumatic events had significantly different HRV findings from the others in the cohort. Lower high frequency (HF), a measure of parasympathetic activity, was found for women who met the criteria for the history of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (p = 0. Read More

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HIV prevention among gay and other men who have sex with men: public policy and social movements in Brazil, 1983-2019.

Cult Health Sex 2021 May 3:1-14. Epub 2021 May 3.

Institute for the Study of Collective Health, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This article revisits the history of HIV prevention for gay and other men who have sex with men in relation to public health policy and the role of LGBT and AIDS-related social movements in Brazil. An interpretive study was undertaken informed by philosophical and phenomenological hermeneutics. It included interviews with policymakers, researchers and activists involved in HIV and AIDS, especially HIV prevention among gay and other men who have sex with men. Read More

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Perceived helpfulness of treatment for specific phobia: Findings from the World Mental Health Surveys.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 20;288:199-209. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Although randomized trials show that specific phobia treatments can be effective, it is unclear whether patients experience treatment as helpful in clinical practice. We investigated this issue by assessing perceived treatment helpfulness for specific phobia in a cross-national epidemiological survey.

Methods: Cross-sectional population-based WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys in 24 countries (n=112,507) assessed lifetime specific phobia. Read More

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Cultural Perspectives on Pain Assessment and Opioid Use: International Neuroscience Nursing Research Symposium Conference Proceedings.

J Neurosci Nurs 2021 Jun;53(3):149-156

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: In August of 2020, the 4th International Neuroscience Nursing Research Symposium was held. The purpose of the symposium was to share neuroscience nursing research from around the world. One of the topics thought most notable that stimulated a crucial conversation was how different countries assessed pain and their use of opioids for pain management. Read More

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Optimising psychological treatment for Anxiety DisordErs in Pregnancy (ADEPT): study protocol for a feasibility trial of time-intensive CBT versus weekly CBT.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Apr 30;7(1):101. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Moderate to severe anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social phobia and panic disorder are common, and affect approximately 11-16% of women in pregnancy. Psychological treatments for anxiety disorders, primarily cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), have a substantial evidence base and recently time-intensive versions have been found as effective as weekly treatments. However, this has not been trialled in women who are pregnant, where a shorter intervention may be desirable. Read More

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Fear of COVID-19 and workplace phobia among Pakistani doctors: A survey study.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 30;21(1):833. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Avicenna Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has seriously affected the lives of millions of people across the world. It has also heavily burdened healthcare professionals and the virus poses serious risks for their personal and professional lives. Therefore, the present study examined the associations between fear of COVID-19 and workplace phobia among doctors in Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Validation of the Korean Version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (K-C19PS).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 3;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Nursing, Changshin University, Changwon 51352, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the 20-item COVID-19 phobia tool, which was developed through a translation-reverse translation process. These data were collected from 226 persons using a self-reported questionnaire. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test construct validity. Read More

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Internet Addiction and Its Associations with Clinical and Psychosocial Factors in Medical Students.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 May 30;18(5):408-416. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Excessive internet use has been associated with various psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial factors. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of internet addiction (IA) and its associations with clinical (depression/social anxiety) and psychosocial (self-esteem/perceived social support) factors in medical students.

Methods: In total, 408 medical students at one university in Korea were included in this study. Read More

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Comorbid anxiety and depression: Opposing effects on the electrocortical processing of negative imagery in a focal fear sample.

Depress Anxiety 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Background: Anxiety and depression are highly comorbid and share clinical characteristics, such as high levels of negative emotion. Attention toward negative stimuli in anxiety and depression has been studied primarily using negative pictures. Yet, negative mental imagery-that is, mental representations of imagined negative events or stimuli-might more closely mirror patient experience. Read More

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Phobia and Fear of COVID-19: origins, complications and management, a narrative review.

Ann Ig 2021 Jul-Aug;33(4):360-370

Behavioral sciences Research Center, Lifestyle institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have changed into a global crisis. Psychologically, this process of alteration can lead to feelings of fear, insecurity, and anxiety. This fear and anxiety can be caused by a variety of factors. Read More

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Instruments to measure fear of COVID-19: a diagnostic systematic review.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2021 04 23;21(1):82. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 222 Skøyen, 0213, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a source of fear across the world. Measuring the level or significance of fear in different populations may help identify populations and areas in need of public health and education campaigns. We were interested in diagnostic tests developed to assess or diagnose COVID-19-related fear or phobia. Read More

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Spanish version of Super Skills for Life in individual modality: Improvement of children's emotional well-being from a transdiagnostic approach.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain.

Objective(s): This study analyzed the short-term effects of the Super Skills for Life (SSL) program in its individual format from the parents' perspective.

Methods: Parents of 70 Spanish children aged 8-11 years (M = 9.31; SD = 1. Read More

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