5,761 results match your criteria Social Phobia

(Re)Claiming Health: The Human Rights of Young LGBTIQ+ Indigenous People in Australia.

Health Hum Rights 2022 Jun;24(1):35-47

Associate professor at the School of Social Sciences and Psychology and institute fellow at the Institute for Culture and Society, Western Sydney University, Australia.

The human rights of both LGBTIQ+ and Indigenous peoples are far from realized. When conjoined, intersecting identities reveal how racism and queer phobia affect well-being, negating the right to health and resulting in devastating impacts on people's social, cultural, and emotional well-being. This paper documents the lived experiences of a sample of young gender- and sexuality-diverse Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples from a research project conducted in New South Wales, Australia. Read More

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Evaluation of Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):73-81

Objective: The most prominent functional magnetic resonance imaging findings about social anxiety disorder are increased activity in emotional regulation areas (amygdala, insula, hippocampus, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex) and fear circuit, and altered activity in prefrontal cortex. This study aims to investigate network abnormalities during resting state.

Method: Resting state functional magnetic resonance images of 21 drug-free patients with social anxiety disorder and 21 healthy controls (matched on age, gender, and years of education) were recorded. Read More

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An umbrella review on the use of antipsychotics in anxiety disorders: A registered report protocol.

PLoS One 2022 16;17(6):e0269772. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States of America.

Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder (PD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), agoraphobia, and specific phobia, are among the most common psychiatric disorders. Although the traditional pharmacologic treatments for anxiety included barbiturates and then benzodiazepines, the introduction of tricyclic antidepressants, followed by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), marked a tidal shift in the treatment of anxiety. Although not approved for treatment of anxiety disorders (with the exception of trifluoperazine) there is ongoing off-label, unapproved use of both first-generation "typical" antipsychotics (FGAs) and second-generation or "atypical" antipsychotics (SGAs) for anxiety. Read More

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Determination of COVID-19 Phobia Level in Health Care Workers.

Soc Work Public Health 2022 Jun 14:1-10. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

The aim of this study is to determine the COVID-19 phobia level in healthcare workers. The socio-demographic characteristics form and the Coronavirus 19 Phobia (CP19-S) Scale were used as data collection tools. The surveys were shared online on social media. Read More

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Motives and Consequences of Alcohol Use in People With Social Anxiety Disorder: A Daily Diary Study.

Behav Ther 2022 Jul 22;53(4):600-613. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

George Mason University.

People with social anxiety disorder (SAD) are at increased risk for alcohol-related problems. Most research exploring social anxiety and alcohol use has examined negative drinking consequences, with less consideration of positive consequences-namely positive social experiences-that may reinforce alcohol use. In this daily diary study, we examined how adults diagnosed with SAD (N = 26) and a psychologically healthy control group (N = 28) experienced positive drinking consequences in naturally occurring drinking episodes during the study period. Read More

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Impacts of imagery-enhanced versus verbally-based cognitive behavioral group therapy on psychophysiological parameters in social anxiety disorder: Results from a randomized-controlled trial.

Behav Res Ther 2022 Aug 8;155:104131. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with marked physiological reactivity in social-evaluative situations. However, objective measurement of biomarkers is rarely evaluated in treatment trials, despite potential utility in clarifying disorder-specific physiological correlates. This randomized controlled trial sought to examine the differential impact of imagery-enhanced vs. Read More

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Development and initial validation of the Visual Social Anxiety Scale (VSAS): Could a picture be worth a thousand words?

J Anxiety Disord 2022 Jun 3;89:102589. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Accurate assessment is crucial for determining appropriate therapeutic interventions for social anxiety and conducting sound clinical research. While self-report measures of social anxiety are widely used in both research and clinical settings, they have several drawbacks inherent to their textual nature. Here, we describe the development and initial validation of the Visual Social Anxiety Scale (VSAS), a novel picture-based self-report measure of social anxiety, based on the well-established widely-used Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Read More

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Mental and psychosocial health and health related quality of life before and after cardiac rehabilitation: a prospective cohort study with comparison to specific population norms.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2022 Jun 7;20(1):91. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Cardiology, Rehaklinik Bad Zurzach, Zurzach Care Group, Bad Zurzach, Switzerland.

Background: Data on mental health improvement after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are contradictory. The aim was to examine the mental and psycho-social health of patients admitted to our rehabilitation center following hospital treatment for acute coronary syndrome, before and after multidisciplinary CR.

Methods: Outcome was measured at admission and discharge by the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36), the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90R), the Coping Strategy Questionnaire (CSQ) and the 6-min-walking distance test. Read More

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The influence of interest in tasks on the autonomic nervous system.

Heliyon 2022 May 26;8(5):e09553. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Although prior studies have indicated the relationships among decreased parasympathetic activity, schizophrenia, and depression, the physiological effects of psychiatric occupational therapy tasks have not been adequately explored. Therefore, it is necessary to quantitatively examine the physiological changes in the autonomic nervous system when performing such tasks to devise more individualized therapies. Accordingly, we examined the influence of task interest and its relationship with psychological characteristics. Read More

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Man vs. machine: A comparison of human and computer assessment of nonverbal behavior in social anxiety disorder.

J Anxiety Disord 2022 Jun 21;89:102587. Epub 2022 May 21.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common psychological disorder associated with broad interpersonal impairment. Most previous studies have examined nonverbal behavior in SAD using human coders. However, one recent study utilized a machine-based analysis of nonverbal behavior and dyadic synchrony in SAD (Asher, Kauffmann, & Aderka, 2020). Read More

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Swipe right, swipe left: Initial interactions in social anxiety disorder.

J Psychopathol Clin Sci 2022 Jul 2;131(5):435-446. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

School of Psychological Sciences.

Individuals with SAD have difficulties initiating and maintaining relationships. However, little is known about the preinteraction behavior of individuals with SAD. Individuals with ( = 40) and without SAD ( = 40) who reported being attracted to individuals of the opposite sex participated in a preregistered lab-based experiment using a novel task similar to existing initial interaction/dating applications. Read More

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Attitudes, Knowledge, and Perceived Barriers Towards Cancer Pain Management Among Healthcare Professionals in Libya: a National Multicenter Survey.

J Cancer Educ 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Academic Unit of Palliative Care, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Level 10 Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds, LS2 9NL, UK.

Cancer pain presents in approximately 66% of patients in advanced stages. Although several guidelines and pharmacological options are available for cancer pain management (CPM), assessment and treatment of cancer pain remain inadequate globally, particularly in developing countries. Lack of knowledge and negative attitudes towards CPM among healthcare professionals (HCPs) are important barriers to CPM. Read More

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The psychological distress and COVID-19 pandemic during lockdown: A cross-sectional study from United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Heliyon 2022 May 13;8(5):e09422. Epub 2022 May 13.

Faculty of Education, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Background: The pandemic resulted in the societal changes as conflicts and instability were the common concerns experienced by families because of the lockdown. However, the psychological impact of the COVID-19 on the United Arab Emirates (UAE) population is not studied extensively.

Objective: The study evaluates the psychological impact of lockdown during the pandemic on the people in the UAE. Read More

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Dental fear and anxiety in Asian youths: response components and inducing stimuli.

Clin Oral Investig 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

School of Health & Social Sciences, Nanyang Polytechnic, 180 Ang Mo Kio Ave 8, Singapore, 569830, Singapore.

Objectives: This study estimated the prevalence of dental fear/anxiety (DFA) and phobia in Asian youths and investigated the fear/anxiety response components and triggers for those with DFA.

Materials And Methods: A convenience sample of youths, aged 17 to 24 years old, was recruited from a local polytechnic. The Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear-4C + (IDAF-4C +) was employed to assess the occurrence of DFA (IDAF-4C) and phobia (IDAF-P) as well as to ascertain fear/anxiety-inducing stimuli (IDAF-S). Read More

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Assessing Psychological Impact of COVID-19 among Parents of Children Returning to K-12 Schools: A U.S. Based Cross-Sectional Survey.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Apr 22;10(5). Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89119, USA.

Background And Purpose: While impacts of the pandemic on family well-being have been documented in the literature, little is known about the psychological challenges faced by children and their parents as schools reopen after mandated closures. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if sending children back to in-person school impacts the mental health of parents and the perceived mental health of their children.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study recruited a nationally representative, non-probability sample of parents or guardians ( = 2100) of children attending grades K-12 in the United States (U. Read More

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Perceptions and Experiences of Caregivers on Child Injuries: A Qualitative Study from Central India.

J Prev (2022) 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Health Systems and Policy (HSP): Medicines, Focusing Antibiotics, Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavagen 18A, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

To explore caregivers' perceptions of childhood injuries in the rural and urban areas of India, with a focus on causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment. We conducted eight focus group discussions with fifty female caregivers in rural and urban areas of Ujjain in Central India and used thematic content analysis. The caregivers identified how children injured themselves through falls, road traffic injuries, metallic nails and tool injuries, ingestions of foreign objects and poisons, burns, drowning, and suffocation. Read More

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Validation of coronavirus-2019 phobia scale using preschool practitioners in urban and rural communities in Nigeria: Implication for educational sociologists.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 20;101(20):e29209. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Abstract: Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) emerged in December 2019, causing significant changes in people's social lives and other human activities. The outbreak halted educational activities throughout the world. The Nigerian experience was unique in that most people were skeptical about the pandemic's existence. Read More

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Religious Involvement and DSM-IV Anxiety Disorders Among African-Americans.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

School of Public Health and Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between eight measures of religious involvement and five anxiety disorders among a nationally representative sample of African-Americans (N = 3403). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to assess 12-month and lifetime prevalence for each disorder. Logistic regression indicated weekly service attendance was inversely associated with 12-month and lifetime panic disorder, lifetime agoraphobia, and 12-month and lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Read More

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Attentional problems occur across multiple psychiatric disorders and are not specific for ADHD.

CNS Spectr 2022 May 20:1-4. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objective: Attentional problems are common and have been associated with multiple psychiatric disorders. This study examined problems of sustained attention across a range of psychiatric disorders using a validated computerized trans-diagnostic attentional paradigm (a continuous performance task). We hypothesized that multiple psychiatric disorders, particularly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), would be associated with pronounced attentional problems. Read More

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Bring Blood Glucose Down! An intervention to reduce fear of hypoglycemia in caregivers of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Study design and participant characteristics.

Contemp Clin Trials 2022 Jul 16;118:106792. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States of America; Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, and University of Florida Diabetes Institute, 1225 Center Dr., Gainesville, FL 32610, United States of America. Electronic address:

Fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) is anxiety or extreme worry about having a low blood glucose and its consequences. FOH is common in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) of all ages, as well as their caregivers, and can lead to inappropriate T1D self-management and suboptimal health outcomes. Despite its prevalence and serious health consequences, there has been very little attention focused on developing interventions to reduce FOH and its associated maladaptive T1D management behaviors. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nord J Psychiatry 2022 May 19:1-10. Epub 2022 May 19.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) in comparison with various control contingencies (e.g. pill placebo and cognitive behavioral treatment) for pediatric anxiety disorders. Read More

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The impact of impulsivity and school attendance on COVID-19 spread: A web-based cross-sectional questionnaire.

Psychol Sch 2022 Apr 18. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Psychiatry Department Gaziantep University Medical School Gaziantep Turkey.

Some personal and social decisions can be influential in the spread of COVID-19. There are no studies examining school attendance, impulsivity, COVID-19 phobia, and psychological resilience together while the effect of some individual and social measures on COVID-19 has been frequently investigated. In this study 360 participants were evaluated through an online questionnaire method during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Comparing the Effectiveness of Brain Structural Imaging, Resting-state fMRI, and Naturalistic fMRI in Recognizing Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2022 07 26;323:111485. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Psychological Health and Imaging, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Institute of Psychological and Behavioral Science, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence. Studies on SAD in adults have reported both structural and functional aberrancies of the brain at the group level. However, evidence has shown differences in anxiety-related brain abnormalities between adolescents and adults. Read More

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Neurochemical Alterations in Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): A Systematic Review of Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Studies.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Apr 26;23(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Translational Addiction Research Laboratory, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada.

(1) Objective: Considering that current knowledge of mechanisms involved in the molecular pathogenesis of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is limited, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate cumulative data obtained by Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic (H MRS) studies. (2) Methods: A computer-based literature search of Medline, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and ProQuest was performed. Only cross-sectional studies using H MRS techniques in participants with SAD and healthy controls (HCs) were selected. Read More

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Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with social anxiety disorder and panic disorder with agoraphobia: A randomised controlled trial.

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2022 Jun 10;59:58-67. Epub 2022 May 10.

University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; GGZ Drenthe, Department of Specialist Trainings, Assen, the Netherlands.

Preclinical research suggests that enhancing CB1 receptor agonism may improve fear extinction. In order to translate this knowledge into a clinical application we examined whether cannabidiol (CBD), a hydrolysis inhibitor of the endogenous CB1 receptor agonist anandamide (AEA), would enhance the effects of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with anxiety disorders. Patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia or social anxiety disorder were recruited for a double-blind parallel randomised controlled trial at three mental health care centres in the Netherlands. Read More

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Self-guided virtual reality therapy for social anxiety disorder: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2022 May 12;23(1):395. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Siegen, Obergraben 23, 57072, Siegen, Germany.

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a highly prevalent mental disorder associated with enormous stress and suffering. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment for SAD, yet its accessibility is often constrained with long waiting times. Digital therapeutic applications, including psychoeducation and self-guided behavioral experiments in virtual reality (VR), could facilitate access and reduce waiting times. Read More

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The role of the acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment of social anxiety: An updated scoping review.

J Affect Disord 2022 08 7;310:174-182. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) or Social Phobia is characterized by fear and anxiety of social circumstances that negatively impact an individual's occupational and relational life. There are several treatment options for this disorder ranging from pharmacological therapy to psychotherapies. In particular, the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that practices acceptance and awareness strategies with behavior change strategies in order to increase an individual's mental flexibility, has been found to be effective. Read More

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