5,112 results match your criteria Social Phobia


Do smartphones and social network sites become more important when experiencing stress? Results from longitudinal data.

Comput Human Behav 2020 Aug;109:106339

Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien Tübingen, Germany.

Previous research on stress and media use mainly concentrated on between-person effects. We add to this research field by additionally assessing within-person associations, assuming that experiencing more stress than usual goes along with more nomophobia ("no-mobile-phone phobia") and more passive and active Facebook use than usual, cross-sectionally and over time, and by exploring potential age differences. We conducted a secondary analysis of three waves of a representative multi-wave survey of adult Dutch internet users ( = 861). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224514PMC

The prevalence, trends and determinants of mental health disorders in older Australians living in permanent residential aged care: Implications for policy and quality of aged care services.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2020 Aug 3:4867420945367. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Registry of Senior Australians (ROSA), South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Objective: Mental health disorders are a major health concern in older people and are associated with a higher risk of disability, frailty and early mortality. This study aimed to conduct a contemporary population-based assessment of the prevalence, trends and factors associated with mental health disorders in individuals who are living in permanent residential aged care (PRAC) in Australia.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using national data from the Registry of Senior Australians, a national cohort of older Australians who had aged care eligibility assessment and entered PRAC between 2008 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867420945367DOI Listing

Targeting fear of positive evaluation in patients with social anxiety disorder via a brief cognitive behavioural therapy protocol: a proof-of-principle study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Aug 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Adult Anxiety Clinic of Temple, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Our aim was to develop a brief cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) protocol to augment treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD). This protocol focused specifically upon fear of positive evaluation (FPE). To our knowledge, this is the first protocol that has been designed to systematically target FPE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000491DOI Listing

Association between skin autofluorescence of advanced glycation end products and affective disorders in the lifelines cohort study.

J Affect Disord 2020 Oct 14;275:230-237. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Arkin Mental Health Institute, Amsterdam, Netherlands; The Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Oxidative stress may be a mechanistic link between affective disorders (depressive and anxiety disorders) and somatic disease. Advanced glycation end products are produced under the influence of oxidative stress and in the skin (measured by skin autofluorescence [SAF]) serve as marker for cumulative oxidative stress. Aim of study was to determine whether SAF is associated with presence of affective disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.040DOI Listing
October 2020

Body Concept and Quality of Life in Patients with Idiopathic Dystonia.

Brain Sci 2020 Jul 28;10(8). Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Center for Systems Neuroscience, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Patients with dystonia experience unusual postures and disfigurement. The aim of the study was to examine changes in the body concept in relation to quality of life and severity of dystonia. Our cohort consisted of 20 patients with idiopathic dystonia resistant to medical therapy who were planned for pallidal deep brain stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080488DOI Listing

Childhood Alopecia Areata: An Overview of Treatment and Recent Patents.

Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov 2020 Jul 28. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Hong Kong Institute of Integrative Medicine,The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. China.

Background: Alopecia Areata (AA) is a systemic autoimmune condition which usually starts in childhood.

Objective: This article aims to review genetics, therapy, prognosis and recent patents for AA.

Methods: We used clinical queries and keywords of "alopecia areata" AND "childhood" as search engine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1872213X14999200728145822DOI Listing

Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for College Students With Anxiety, Depression, Social Anxiety, or Insomnia: Four Single-Group Longitudinal Studies of Archival Commercial Data and Replication of Employee User Study.

JMIR Form Res 2020 Jul 23;4(7):e17712. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Learn to Live, Inc, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: The growing behavioral health needs of college students have resulted in counseling centers reporting difficulties in meeting student demand.

Objective: This study aims to test the real-world voluntary use by college students of 4 digital, self-directed mental health modules based on a cognitive behavioral therapy clinical model. The findings were also compared with those of employee users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/17712DOI Listing

Psychiatric Co-Morbidities in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Detailed Findings from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey in the English Population.

Psychiatr Q 2020 Jul 23. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition which causes great sufferance to the individuals affected. The occurrence of comorbidities in PTSD is a frequent event with a negative impact on outcome. This study investigated the frequency of PTSD in relation to comorbidities by analyzing the results of the 2007 'Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey' in the English population, which included data on comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09797-4DOI Listing

The structure of social-evaluative threat detection in social anxiety disorder.

J Anxiety Disord 2020 Jul 10;74:102273. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The integrated aetiological and maintenance (IAM) model of social anxiety disorder (SAD) conceptualises four social-evaluative cognitive processes (anticipatory processing, attention to the self, attention to threat in the environment, and post-event processing) as facets of a social-evaluative threat detection construct. The current study tested this by examining potential factor structures underlying the four social-evaluative cognitive processes. Baseline data from two randomised controlled trials, consisting of 306 participants with SAD who completed measures of the four social-evaluative cognitive processes in relation to a speech task, were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102273DOI Listing

Review: The association between anxiety and poor attendance at school - a systematic review.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2019 Sep 27;24(3):205-216. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Graduate School of Education, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Background: Anxiety may be associated with poor attendance at school, which can lead to a range of adverse outcomes. We systematically reviewed the evidence for an association between anxiety and poor school attendance.

Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for quantitative studies that reported an estimate of association between anxiety and school attendance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12322DOI Listing
September 2019

Online Assessment of Preschool Anxiety: description and initial validation of a new diagnostic tool.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2019 Sep 4;24(3):259-265. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic., Australia.

Background: The Online Assessment of Preschool Anxiety (OAPA) is a newly developed measure that assesses anxiety disorders in preschool children aged 3-6 years. This study aimed to explore the OAPA's initial psychometric properties with a particular focus on examining its construct validity, both convergent and discriminant.

Method: The OAPA was completed online by a community sample of 319 Australian parents of temperamentally inhibited preschool children (M: 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12324DOI Listing
September 2019

The Role of Psychology in the Care of Children With Pancreatitis.

Pancreas 2020 Aug;49(7):887-890

From the Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati.

Children with acute recurrent and chronic pancreatitis experience severe abdominal pain that may be intermittent or chronic. Pain is often debilitating, causing interference with academic, social, family, and extracurricular activities that are important to youth. Disruption of these routines and the unpredictability of pain flares place children with pancreatitis at increased risk for development of anxious or depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0000000000001598DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7371256PMC

Alexithymic and autistic traits: Relevance for comorbid depression and social phobia in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 Jul 14:1362361320936024. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Lay Abstract: Adults with autism often develop mental health problems such as depression and social phobia. The reasons for this are still unclear. Many studies found that alexithymia plays an important role in mental health problems like depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320936024DOI Listing

Pediatrician, watch out for corona-phobia.

Eur J Pediatr 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Pediatrics C, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 raging globally is taking a heavy toll on the adult population, with a rapidly growing number of newly infected and critically ill patients. However, to date, mortality rate among children is low as they mostly suffer from a mild disease. Yet, other more routinely encountered childhood diseases do not stand still and continue to be the main share of pediatricians' everyday challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03736-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7357258PMC

Changes in the Type of Sports Activity Due to COVID-19: Hypochondriasis and the Intention of Continuous Participation in Sports.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 07 6;17(13). Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Sports Bigtainment, Graduate School of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Seocheon-dong 1, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea.

This study focused on empirically analyzing sport activity participants' perceptions of hypochondriasis caused by fear of infection and changes in continuous participatory behavior patterns. To this end, a comparative analysis was conducted with a focus on the forms of participation and age of sport activity participants. For the final comparative analysis, a 2 × 3 factorial multivariate analysis of variance was conducted after confirming the validity and reliability of data based on 229 questionnaires collected from healthy respondents who have never been infected with COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134871DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7369974PMC

ENIGMA-anxiety working group: Rationale for and organization of large-scale neuroimaging studies of anxiety disorders.

Hum Brain Mapp 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Psychiatry & Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and disabling but seem particularly tractable to investigation with translational neuroscience methodologies. Neuroimaging has informed our understanding of the neurobiology of anxiety disorders, but research has been limited by small sample sizes and low statistical power, as well as heterogenous imaging methodology. The ENIGMA-Anxiety Working Group has brought together researchers from around the world, in a harmonized and coordinated effort to address these challenges and generate more robust and reproducible findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25100DOI Listing
July 2020
5.969 Impact Factor

Psychometric evaluation of the Iranian version of brief fear of negative evaluation scale-straightforward item (BFNE-S): A validation study.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 4;34:29. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Population Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale-Straightforward Item (BFNE-S) is an internationally recognized tool for measuring fear of negative evaluation. The current investigation was designed to assess the reliability and validity of the Persian version of BFNE-S in a non-clinical sample in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34171/mjiri.34.29DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320978PMC

The Use of Virtual Reality in Psychiatry: A Review.

Authors:
Suji Kim Eunjoo Kim

Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak 2020 Jan;31(1):26-32

Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

With the advancement in modern information technology, virtual reality (VR) is being increasingly used for the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of mental disorders. Recently, a VR-based cognitive behavioral therapy for social phobia has been recognized as a new medical technology in South Korea. This might lead to an increase in the use of VR in the field of psychiatry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.190037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324842PMC
January 2020

Social Phobia and Its Impact on Quality of Life Among Regular Undergraduate Students of Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia.

Adolesc Health Med Ther 2020 18;11:79-87. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Mettu University, Mettu, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Background: Social anxiety disorder is a serious and disabling mental health problem that begins before or during adolescence, with the potential to significantly interfere with an individual's daily functioning and overall quality of life.

Objective: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence, severity, and quality of life towards social anxiety disorder among students of Mettu University, Ethiopia.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a stratified sample of 523 undergraduate students to identify the prevalence, correlates of social anxiety disorder, and impacts on quality life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S254002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308132PMC

Psychometric properties of the Persian version of social anxiety questionnaire for adults (SAQ-A30).

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2020 Jun 29;18(1):206. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Population Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) is a newly developed instrument for measuring social anxiety. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the SAQ-A30 in Iran.

Methods: The English version of the SAQ-A30 was translated into Persian using forward-backward procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-020-01457-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325092PMC
June 2020
2.120 Impact Factor

Virtual Reality Therapy for Social Phobia: A Scoping Review.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;270:713-717

School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, QLD, Australia.

Virtual reality (VR) has become an interesting alternative for the treatment of social phobia. This scoping review explored the impact of VR technologies in the treatment of social phobia (25 papers were included). Treatment approaches to social phobia included virtual reality exposure therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, exposure group therapy, in vivo exposure therapy, and waiting list. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200253DOI Listing

Bullying involvement and self-reported mental health in elementary school children across Europe.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 19;107:104601. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Université Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, EA 4057, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Bullying behavior is recognized internationally as a serious issue associated with mental health and functioning problems among children.

Objective: The present study sought to determine the associations between bullying involvement and self-reported mental health among elementary school children across seven European countries.

Participants And Setting: The School Children Mental Health in Europe study was conducted in Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Romania and Turkey in 2010 using similar methodology to collect cross-sectional data from children, parents, and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104601DOI Listing

Afraid of injustice? Justice sensitivity is linked to general anxiety and social phobia symptoms.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 28;272:198-206. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

University of Konstanz, Germany.

Background: Justice sensitivity (JS), the tendency to perceive and adversely respond to injustice, is related to externalizing problem behavior. Less is known about relations with internalizing problems including affective disorders, such as social phobia or general anxiety.

Methods: We had N = 904 participants rate their JS, general anxiety and social phobia symptoms, and control variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.167DOI Listing

Evaluation of Social Anxiety Levels and Related Factors in Psoriasis Patients: A Controlled, Cross-Sectional Study.

Noro Psikiyatr Ars 2020 Jun 27;57(2):148-153. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Psoriasis patients usually feel shame over their appearance and suffer from poor self-esteem, social anxiety, and avoidance. However, little is known about factors affecting social anxiety levels in these patients. We sought to examine the psychological, as well as disease-related factors which may affect social anxiety levels in psoriasis patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29399/npa.24854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285641PMC

The Sensory Abnormalities and Neuropsychopathology of Autism and Anxiety.

Cureus 2020 May 12;12(5):e8071. Epub 2020 May 12.

Psychiatry, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences and Psychology, Fairfield, USA.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder of interpersonal communications and restricted interest and deficits in sensory and social interactions. It co-occurs with anxiety and mostly in 30% of cases related to specific phobia. This review article summarises the sensory association between anxiety and ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290113PMC

Comparison of social anxiety between Japanese adults who stutter and non-stuttering controls.

J Fluency Disord 2020 May 21;65:105767. Epub 2020 May 21.

National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Rehabilitation Services Bureau, 4-1 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-8555, Japan. Electronic address:

Purpose: Adults who stutter (AWS) often develop social anxiety disorder. This study was to provide comparative data on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale-Japanese version (LSAS-J) from AWS and non-stuttering adult controls.

Methods: LSAS-J, a 24-item self-reported survey of social phobia and avoidance across various daily situations, was administered to 130 AWS (Mean Age = 41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2020.105767DOI Listing

Predictors of pharmacophobia.

Health Psychol Res 2020 May 26;8(1):8853. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia.

Recent studies estimate that between 30% to 50% of the population does not adhere to their prescribed therapies, and one of the reasons is pharmacophobia. Pharmacophobia is a fear of medication and a negative attitude toward drugs in general. The aim of this study was to determine predictors of pharmacophobia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/hpr.2020.8853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7270631PMC

A Diagnostic-Oriented Screening Scale for Anxiety Disorders: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Anxiety Scale (CESA).

Front Psychol 2020 26;11:957. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Objectives: This paper introduces a new diagnostically oriented screening scale for anxiety disorders, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Anxiety scale (CESA), designed in parallel to the revised Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CESD-R). In this study, the CESA was used as a diagnostic screening tool for detecting the presence of anxiety disorder symptomatology ascertained by a clinical psychiatric evaluation based on the DSM-5 criteria. The CESA is designed to provide an overall evaluation of anxiety as well as to screen for four important anxiety disorders (agoraphobia, social phobia, blood-illness phobia, and panic disorder). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265241PMC

Predicting the naturalistic course in anxiety disorders using clinical and biological markers: a machine learning approach.

Psychol Med 2020 Jun 11:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam UMC, Location AMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Disease trajectories of patients with anxiety disorders are highly diverse and approximately 60% remain chronically ill. The ability to predict disease course in individual patients would enable personalized management of these patients. This study aimed to predict recovery from anxiety disorders within 2 years applying a machine learning approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720001658DOI Listing

Psychiatric Co-morbidities and Body Shape Dissatisfaction in Adolescents with Obesity - A School Based Case Controlled Study.

Indian J Pediatr 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Karpagavinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Mathuranthagam, TK Tamilnadu, 603308, India.

Objective: To compare the psychiatric co-morbidity and Body image disturbances of obese adolescents with age and gender matched normal weight controls.

Methods: A case control study was conducted in a school in New Delhi. Nine hundred seventy six students were screened for height and weight and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-020-03367-zDOI Listing
June 2020
0.919 Impact Factor

[Innovative medical care concepts for adolescents with severe obesity].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2020 Jul;63(7):831-838

Sektion Pädiatrische Endokrinologie und Diabetologie, Universitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin Ulm, Eythstr. 24, 89075, Ulm, Deutschland.

There is no convincing, science-based treatment or care concept for adolescents with severe obesity in Germany or other countries. The affected young people have an increased risk of numerous somatic comorbidities (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03167-yDOI Listing

The extent and nature of dental anxiety in Australians experiencing homelessness.

Health Soc Care Community 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

School of Dentistry, Oral Health Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.

High dental anxiety is a major barrier to accessing dental care and has been found to be experienced to a greater extent in the homeless population. No studies have investigated the extent and nature of dental anxiety in Australians experiencing homelessness and was the aim of this study. Participants were recruited from four not-for-profit organisations in inner Brisbane using convenience and snowball sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13056DOI Listing

Prevalence and factors related to psychiatric symptoms in low risk pregnancy.

Caspian J Intern Med 2020 ;11(2):211-218

Infertility and Health Reproductive Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: Psychiatric disorders are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes both for mother and child. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and related demographic risk factors of psychiatric symptoms among the pregnant women in Babol City.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in five private and public obstetrics clinics of Babol city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22088/cjim.11.2.211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265507PMC
January 2020

Nomophobia: impact of cell phone use and time to rest among teacher students.

Heliyon 2020 May 28;6(5):e04084. Epub 2020 May 28.

University of Granada, Spain.

Nomophobia is one of the modern pathologies that has been born as a consequence of the impact that portable technologies have had on society and the dependence generated among citizens, especially towards smartphones. This phobia manifests itself and is intensified by the loss of immediate access to information, to the network of contacts, as well as by the impossibility of contacting or being contacted by other people. All this ends up interfering with the development of the person's daily life (physical, physiological, psychological, social problems, among others). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260290PMC

Sixth-year follow-up of the effects of recreational activities found to eliminate the symptoms of social phobia and shyness.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020 Sep 1;66(6):553-559. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Background: The lack of 6-year follow-up studies that test the effect of recreational activities in the recovery of social phobia and shyness symptoms is the reason to conduct this study.

Aim: The purpose is to follow the effect of the 12-week recreational activity program found to eliminate social phobia and shyness symptoms after the completion of university studies in its sixth year.

Methods: At the end of the 12-week recreational activity program that treats the symptoms of social phobia and shyness in university prep school students, 83 students who participated in the posttest both from intervention and control groups were invited to the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764020924702DOI Listing
September 2020

Psychological status and behavior changes of the public during the COVID-19 epidemic in China.

Infect Dis Poverty 2020 May 29;9(1):58. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, China.

Background: A cluster of pneumonia cases were reported by Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, China in December 2019. A novel coronavirus was eventually identified, and became the COVID-19 epidemic that affected public health and life. We investigated the psychological status and behavior changes of the general public in China from January 30 to February 3, 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-020-00678-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256340PMC

Efficacy of mobile app-based interactive cognitive behavioral therapy using a chatbot for panic disorder.

Int J Med Inform 2020 Aug 13;140:104171. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Behavioral Sciences in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for panic disorder, but many fewer patients receive this treatment compared to medication-based therapy. Mobile app-based interactive CBT using a chatbot can increase patient access to CBT. We performed a preliminary study to determine whether short-term use of a newly developed chatbot is feasible and effective for relieving panic symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2020.104171DOI Listing

Prevalence, Comorbidity and Predictor of Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

Psychiatr Q 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

Separation Anxiety Disorder(SAD) is one of the earliest anxiety disorders. The effect of this disorder on the performance of children and adolescents reveals the need for awareness of the prevalence and comorbidity of this disorder in each region. This study is a cross-sectional analytical study implemented in all provinces of Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09778-7DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of social anxiety disorder diagnoses in the Swedish National Patient Register.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 15;20(1):242. Epub 2020 May 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Gävlegatan 22 (Entré B), floor 8, SE-11330, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Population-based administrative registers are often used for research purposes. However, their potential usefulness depends on the validity of the registered information. This study assessed the validity of the recorded codes for social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, in the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02644-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227192PMC
May 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Classification of comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder: A latent class analysis.

Brain Behav 2020 Jul 13;10(7):e01641. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Patients with OCD differ markedly from one another in both number and kind of comorbid disorders. In this study, we set out to identify and characterize homogeneous subgroups of OCD patients based on their comorbidity profile.

Methods: In a cohort of 419 adult subjects with OCD, the lifetime presence of fifteen comorbid disorders was assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7375063PMC

The development and initial tests for the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S).

Pers Individ Dif 2020 May 11:110108. Epub 2020 May 11.

Hacettepe University, School of Education, Ankara, Turkey.

Researchers predict that the negative effects of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic will continue to increase. These negative effects are not solely limited to psycho-pathological problems. Serious physiological, social, and economical difficulties due to COVID-19 have already been observed in various nations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211675PMC

The Australian version of IAPT: clinical outcomes of the multi-site cohort study of NewAccess.

J Ment Health 2020 May 12:1-10. Epub 2020 May 12.

Beyond Blue, Victoria, Australia.

The United Kingdom IAPT (Improving Access to Psychological Therapies) approach of delivering low intensity therapies for symptoms of depression and anxiety was adapted for Australia and named NewAccess. Clinical outcomes of the service were evaluated in three sites between October 2013 and 2016. This paper describes the clinical outcomes in the Australian health setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2020.1760224DOI Listing

Validation of the AUDIT scale and factors associated with alcohol use disorder in adolescents: results of a National Lebanese Study.

BMC Pediatr 2020 May 11;20(1):205. Epub 2020 May 11.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon.

Background: This study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and related factors (smoking, internet addiction, social anxiety, child abuse, and bullying) among a representative sample of Lebanese adolescents, and to validate and confirm psychometric properties of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).

Methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted between January and May 2019, enrolled 1810 adolescents aged between 14 and 17 from schools of all Lebanese districts. From the total number of schools, a proportionate number was selected in each district. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02116-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212566PMC

Higher- and lower-order personality traits and cluster subtypes in social anxiety disorder.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(4):e0232187. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) can come in different forms, presenting problems for diagnostic classification. Here, we examined personality traits in a large sample of patients (N = 265) diagnosed with SAD in comparison to healthy controls (N = 164) by use of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP). In addition, we identified subtypes of SAD based on cluster analysis of the NEO-PI-R Big Five personality dimensions. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232187PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190155PMC

The Effect of Shame on Patients With Social Anxiety Disorder in Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Ment Health 2020 Jul 20;7(7):e15797. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Prior research has demonstrated the efficacy of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, it is unclear how shame influences the efficacy of this treatment.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the role shame played in the ICBT treatment process for participants with SAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15797DOI Listing

Outpatient and self-referred participants: Adherence to treatment components and outcome in an internet intervention targeting anxiety disorders.

Internet Interv 2020 Apr 11;20:100319. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Trier, Germany.

Objective: While adherence is an important factor influencing the effectiveness of internet interventions, many studies operationalize adherence only by the number of sessions and do not report adherence to specific treatment components. The goal of this study was to investigate adherence to treatment components as well as outcome in outpatients and self-referred participants who participated in an internet intervention targeting anxiety.

Method: Outpatients ( = 50) were compared to self-referred ( = 37) participants and a matched outpatient waitlist sample (based on nearest neighbor matching): Using -test and χ2 tests adherence to treatment components based on the number of completed exercises was compared between participant groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178477PMC

["When we have to make sense to the nonsense of trauma" Psychological intervention among shooting victims of January 29, 2017. Multicultural perspective].

Authors:
Nadia Kendil

Sante Ment Que 2019 ;44(1):11-30

In late January of 2017, a Québec City-born deranged young man walked into the town's Great Mosque on Sunday evening during a prayer meeting and opened fire on the group of praying men gathered in the main hall, killing six (6), injuring five (5) of them and leaving thirty-five (35) later "rescued" people-men, women and children-behind, in a state of total shock, a municipal first in that quiet, peaceful city's history. The lone gunman's act was targeting a specific cultural community, attacking them in their religious identity and even reaching them in their sense of security and well-being. Psychological crisis intervention was quickly organized following the ordeal and through, notably, the rapid intervention of a same culture, same language psychologist. Read More

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January 2019

Prevalence of Dental Fear among 6-15 Years Old School Children.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Jan;58(221):33-38

Department of Public Health Dentistry, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Introduction: Odontophobia or dental fear is a "unique phobia with special psychosomatic components that impact on the dental health of the odontophobia persons". It is well documented that dental fear has a significant impact on dental care utilization behaviors. The objective of this study was to find out the level of dental fear among school children studying in government schools of Dharan, Nepal. Read More

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January 2020

Development of a Psychometric Measure of the Propensity to Consciously Control and Monitor Speech Production.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 04 18;63(4):963-982. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Te Huataki Waiora Faculty of Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Purpose A speech-specific reinvestment scale (SSRS) is a psychometric measure of the propensity to consciously control and monitor speech production. This study develops and validates an SSRS as well as examines its relationship with speech performance with the moderating effects of trait social anxieties (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00365DOI Listing