4,679 results match your criteria Social Phobia


Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with phobias: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology and Helmholtz Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in the majority of patients, especially exposure therapy. However, a substantial subset of patients fails to achieve or stay in remission. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2022-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Predictors of problematic Internet use in school going adolescents of Bhavnagar, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 11:20764019827985. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Sir Takhtasinhji General Hospital, Bhavnagar, India.

Background:: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life.

Aim/objective:: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents.

Methods:: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827985DOI Listing
February 2019

Reciprocal associations between screen time and emotional disorder symptoms during adolescence.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Mar 25;13:281-288. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, United States of America.

Screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorders are associated with one another in youth. Yet, the direction of the association is unclear, as is whether specific types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorder symptoms are more closely linked. This study estimated the bi-directional associations between two types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and four types of self-reported emotional disorder symptoms, and tested whether physical activity buffered these associations in a Los Angeles high school student cohort ( = 2525, baseline age = 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.01.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354617PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Predictive modeling for response to lithium and quetiapine in bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

The Dauten Family Center for Bipolar Treatment Innovation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Objectives: Lithium and quetiapine are known to be effective treatments for bipolar disorder. However, little information is available to inform prediction of response to these medications. Machine-learning methods can identify predictors of response by examining variables simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bdi.12752DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV agoraphobia in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) definition of agoraphobia (AG) as an independent diagnostic entity makes it timely to re-examine the epidemiology of AG. Study objective was to present representative data on the characteristics of individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for AG (AG without a history of panic disorder [PD] and PD with AG) but not DSM-5 criteria, DSM-5 but not DSM-IV criteria, or both sets of criteria.

Methods: Population-based surveys from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative including adult respondents (n = 136,357) from 27 countries across the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22885DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
4.407 Impact Factor

Can Social Anxiety Impact Facial Emotion Recognition in Schizophrenia?

J Nerv Ment Dis 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, University Laval, Quebec, Canada.

Social anxiety is highly prevalent in individuals with schizophrenia, with studies suggesting rates of 30%. This study aimed at determining if social anxiety is linked to specific emotion recognition deficits and to specific social functioning deficits. A total of 47 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and receiving outpatient services answered measures of facial recognition (Ekman; Facial Emotion Identification Test), facial discrimination (Facial Emotion Discrimination Test), role-play, social anxiety (Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and Brief Social Phobia Scale), psychiatric symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale), self-esteem (Self-Esteem Rating Scale-Short Form), and social functioning (Social Functioning Scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000934DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Subscales of the Fear Survey Schedule-III in Community Dwelling Older Adults - Relations to Clinical and Cognitive Measures.

Clin Gerontol 2019 Feb 1:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

c Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology , Macquarie University , Sydney , Australia.

Objectives: One major obstacle to the diagnosis and treatment of specific phobias in later life is the lack of assessment tools that are relevant to the fears of older adults. This study investigated the utility of five reliable subscales (Blood/Injury, Agoraphobia, Aggression, Animal/Insect, Social Fears) derived from the Fear Survey Schedule-III, a popular measure of phobic fear, in discriminating older from younger participants.

Method: The sample was comprised of 81 younger and 61 older adults who completed self-report measures of anxiety and depression and neuropsychological tests. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07317115.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2019.1571554DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Prospective associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin with 12-month, lifetime and incident anxiety and depressive disorders in men and women from the general population.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 9;245:905-911. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Physiological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Findings on associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with anxiety and depressive disorders in the general population remain inconclusive.

Methods: We used data of n = 993 men and n = 980 women from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP, a prospective-longitudinal general population study from northeastern Germany). Immunoassay-measured serum concentrations of total testosterone, androstenedione and SHBG were assessed when participants were aged 20-80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.052DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of an unguided internet-based self-help intervention for social anxiety disorder in university students: A randomized controlled trial.

Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 2019 Jan 27:e1766. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Objectives: Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) offer the opportunity to deliver mental health treatments on a large scale. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of an unguided IMI (StudiCare SAD) for university students with social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Methods: University students (N = 200) diagnosed with SAD were randomly assigned to an IMI or a waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment as usual. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mpr.1766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mpr.1766DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Fears and fear-related cognitions in children with selective mutism.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Special Needs Educational and Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Straße 10c, 35394, Giessen, Germany.

Selective mutism (SM) is classified under the category of anxiety disorders in DSM-5 [1], although concrete fears that underlie the condition are not specified contrary to all other anxiety disorders. Given the lack of studies systematically investigating fears in SM, content and frequency of concrete fears as well as related cognitions have remained unclear so far. One hundred and twenty-four participants [M = 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01281-0DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and associated factors of comorbid anxiety disorders in late-life depression: findings from geriatric tertiary outpatient settings.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2019 7;15:199-204. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Purpose: The study evaluated the prevalence of comorbid anxiety disorders in late-life depression (LLD) and identified their associated factors.

Patients And Methods: This study involved 190 elderly Thais with depressive disorders diagnosed according to the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Anxiety disorders were also diagnosed by the MINI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S184585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328289PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Body image disturbances, fear and associations with the amygdala in anorexia nervosa.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Feb 17;131(3-4):61-67. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitaetsplatz 6/I, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe illness with a high mortality rate which mainly affects young women. Studies found a localized volume loss of the amygdala in patients with AN, a brain region responsible for affective responses. Patients with AN were found to have body image distortions, and suffer from the comorbid disorders depression, anxiety disorder, and obsession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1440-yDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Mental disorders and the risk of adult violent and psychological victimisation: a prospective, population-based study.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Jan 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Psychiatry,Amsterdam UMC/GGZ inGeest,P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam,The Netherlands.

AimsPsychiatric patients are at increased risk to become victim of violence. It remains unknown whether subjects of the general population with mental disorders are at risk of victimisation as well. In addition, it remains unclear whether the risk of victimisation differs across specific disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796018000768DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Role of social skills training in adolescents with social anxiety disorder.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2019 Jan 6;19(1):41-48. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Social skills training (SST) is frequently included in the treatment of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in both children and adolescents, although there is no empirical evidence to support it. Consequently, our objective is to study the role and effects of SST in the treatment of a sample of adolescents with SAD. A total of 108 adolescents diagnosed with generalized social phobia were randomly assigned to two treatment conditions (with and without SST) and a control group waiting list (WLCG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300857PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Virtual reality therapy in the care management of anxiety disorders].

Vertex 2018 Jan;29(137):51-54

Servicio de Psiquiatría de Adultos, Hospital Pitié Salpêtrière, París, Francia.

Virtual reality involves the creation of an interactive three-dimensional virtual world which the user can navigate. This technology is proposed for anxiety disorders as an alternative to the in vivo and imaginative exposure provided in cognitive behavioral therapy, the gold standard psychoterapeutic treatment for this pathology. According to a signifcant number of publications including meta-analysis, virtual reality therapy exposure is at least equivalent to in vivo exposure in specifc phobias, panic disorder with agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder and social phobia. Read More

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January 2018
7 Reads

Is there a prodrom period in patients with social anxiety disorder? A discussion on the hypothesis of social anxiety disorder development secondary to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The association between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is poorly established. In fact, increasing and converging evidences suggest that there is a close relationship between the two disorders. High comorbidity rate between these two disorders, follow-up studies showing high rates of later development of SAD in ADHD and treatment studies in which ADHD medications have been helpful for both conditions all indicate this relationship. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-018-00283-3DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Emotional Awareness Predicts Specific Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Outcomes for Anxious Youth.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, 125 Baldwin Street, 30602, Athens, GA, USA.

The current study examined emotional awareness as a predictor of differential outcomes for youth treated for an anxiety disorder. 37 youth ages 7-15 received either individual cognitive-behavioral therapy or family cognitive-behavioral therapy to treat generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and/or social phobia. Diagnoses were determined by independent evaluators, following semi-structured interviews (ADIS-IV-C/P) with youth and their parents. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10578-018-00863-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-018-00863-4DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The concurrent validity of a Web-based self-report assessment for personality disorders.

Personal Ment Health 2019 02 27;13(1):53-62. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Incorporating online tools in clinical practice could help improve routine assessments of personality disorders and their co-occurring clinical disorders. TeleScreen, a Web-based self-report questionnaire for DSM-IV disorders, has not yet been compared with well-validated structured interviews for clinical and personality disorders. Patients with personality disorders (n = 89) were assessed with TeleScreen and independently interviewed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis-I disorders (SCID-I) and personality disorders (SCID-II). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/pmh.1438
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1438DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

The relationship between psychological and social anxiety among Chinese adolescents: the mediating role of self-esteem and sense of security.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 13;12:50. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

1Faculty of Psychology, Research Center for Mental Health Education, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715 China.

Background: High incidence and morbidity rates are found among adolescents with social anxiety disorder, a severe and harmful form of social phobia. Extensive research has been conducted to uncover the underlying psychological factors associated with the development and continuation of this disorder. Previous research has focused on single individual difference variables such as personality, cognition, or emotion; thus, the effect of an individual's full psychological profile on social anxiety has rarely been studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0255-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292172PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Why Is Maternal Depression Related to Adolescent Internalizing Problems? A 15-Year Population-Based Study.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 20;57(12):916-924. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

University of Montreal, Québec, Canada; University College Dublin, Ireland.

Objective: Exposure to maternal depression during early childhood is a well-documented risk factor for offspring's internalizing problems, but the long-term risk and the psychosocial mechanisms underlying the association remain largely unknown. We examined whether maternal depression during early childhood was associated with offspring internalizing problems in adolescence, and the extent to which negative parenting, peer victimization, and poor friendship quality during middle childhood mediated this association.

Method: We report on a population-based sample of children (n = 1,443) followed-up from 5 months to 15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.04.024DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[The role of perfectionism, social phobia, self-efficacy and life satisfaction in the background of trait anxiety].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):347-358

Szegedi Tudomanyegyetem Bolcseszettudomanyi Kar, Nevelestudomanyi Doktori Iskola, Szeged, Hungary, E-mail:

Background And Aims Of The Study: Anxiety related studies often investigate the personality factors and possible comorbid anxiety disorders that may underly trait anxiety. Women have higher prevalence rates across anxiety disorders, so we chose to examine the trait anxiety, perfectionism, self-efficacy and life satisfaction in a group of female participants.

Method: An online, self-reported questionnaire was used as an online method of data collection. Read More

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January 2018

Observer memories may not be for everyone.

Memory 2018 Nov 29:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

b Department of Psychiatry , Columbia University , New York , NY ,  USA.

Six studies explored the preponderance of people who experience third-person perspective observer memories during autobiographical memory retrieval. The concept of first-person field versus observer memories has been extensively used in the areas of cognitive, social, and clinical psychology. An implicit assumption is the idea that most people use both of these perspectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2018.1550093DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The Association of Adolescent Facebook Behaviours with Symptoms of Social Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety, and Depression.

J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 1;27(4):252-260. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY, USA.

Objective: Social media use and especially Facebook use is highly prevalent among adolescents. We study the association of symptoms of social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and depression with behaviours performed by adolescents when logged onto Facebook.

Method: We surveyed 102 adolescents about social anxiety symptoms using the Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents and symptoms of generalized anxiety, depression, and general distress using the Mini Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254262PMC
November 2018
18 Reads

Well-being in major depression and social phobia with and without comorbidity.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Sep-Dec;18(3):201-208. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, University of Basel, Switzerland.

: Lower levels in well-being have been observed in individuals with Major Depression (MDD) and Social Phobia (SP), but well-planned direct comparisons with control individuals, not suffering from a mental disorder, are lacking. Furthermore, MDD is highly comorbid with anxiety disorders, and SP with depressive disorders. This study is among the first to examine differences in well-being in individuals with a clinical diagnosis of MDD or SP compared to individuals with no such diagnosis and to test differences in well-being within the combined diagnostic categories respective with and without anxiety-depressive comorbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225024PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

The evil eye effect: vertical pupils are perceived as more threatening.

Cogn Emot 2018 Nov 28:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

b Baskent University , Department of Psychology , Ankara , Turkey.

Popular culture has many examples of evil characters having vertically pupilled eyes. Humans have a long evolutionary history of rivalry with snakes and their visual systems were evolved to rapidly detect snakes and snake-related cues. Considering such evolutionary background, we hypothesised that humans would perceive vertical pupils, which are characteristics of ambush predators including some of the snakes, as threatening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2018.1550741DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Associations between schizophrenia genetic risk, anxiety disorders and manic/hypomanic episode in a longitudinal population cohort study.

Br J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 26;214(2):96-102. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Professor,Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences,Cardiff University and School of Psychology, University of Sussex and School of Psychology,Trinity College,UK.

Background: Studies involving clinically recruited samples show that genetic liability to schizophrenia overlaps with that for several psychiatric disorders including bipolar disorder, major depression and, in a population study, anxiety disorder and negative symptoms in adolescence.AimsWe examined whether, at a population level, association between schizophrenia liability and anxiety disorders continues into adulthood, for specific anxiety disorders and as a group. We explored in an epidemiologically based cohort the nature of adult psychopathology sharing liability to schizophrenia. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000712501
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2018.227DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Psychiatric symptoms in migraine patients and their attitudes towards psychological support on stigmatization.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Fırat University, Faculty of Medicine, Elazıg, Turkey.

Objective: Although migraine patients experience more psychological problems when compared to the general population, they are usually not treated. The reasons for non-treatment of these problems are not clear. The anxiety and concern of migraine patients about stigmatization may also prevent them to express psychological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.11.035DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Association of age and gender with anxiety disorders in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2019 Mar 10;34(3):397-407. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Département des Sciences de la Santé Communautaire, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives: To provide an estimate of 12-month and lifetime prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) anxiety disorders in older adults based on published studies on this topic and to identify the impact of gender and age.

Methods/design: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. Six databases were searched, and manual searches through reference lists of selected articles and reviews were performed. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/gps.5035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5035DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Socially Anxious Tendencies Affect Impressions of Others' Positive and Negative Emotional Gazes.

Front Psychol 2018 1;9:2111. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Electronics and Bioinformatics, School of Science and Technology, Meiji University, Kawasaki, Japan.

Socially anxious tendencies have potential to become social anxiety disorder (SAD), which is characterized by fear of social situations associated with being evaluated or embarrassed by others. In particular, others' gazes induce social anxiety. People with SAD have a negative interpretation bias toward ambiguous emotions in others' faces; however, negative interpretation bias toward ambiguous emotions in others' gazes has not been fully investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221960PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Quality of close relationships and emotional regulation regarding social anxiety.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Dec;30(4):441-451

University of Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Sveučilišna avenija 4, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia,

Background: The aim of this research is to propose new models in understanding the relationship between social anxiety and experiencing positive and negative emotions and satisfaction with life in general. Its main focus is to explore the roles of different types of close relationships in these models.

Subjects And Methods: The sample consisted of 521 female students attending University of Rijeka and University of Pula (average age 21. Read More

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http://www.psychiatria-danubina.com/UserDocsImages/pdf/dnb_v
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24869/psyd.2018.441DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Duration of untreated illness in a cross-diagnostic sample of obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

CNS Spectr 2018 11 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

1Obsessive,Compulsive,and Anxiety Spectrum Research Program. Institute of Psychiatry,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro,Brazil.

Objective: In this study, we compared duration of untreated illness (DUI) in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD) patients and investigated its correlates, both within specific diagnoses and across the whole sample.

Methods: Eighty-eight patients (33 OCD, 24 SAD, and 31 PD) had their diagnosis confirmed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, were assessed for treatment-seeking variables, and were evaluated with instruments aimed at quantifying transdiagnostic features (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852918001281DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Transdiagnostic neural correlates of volitional emotion regulation in anxiety and depression.

Depress Anxiety 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Individuals who suffer from anxiety and/or depression face difficulty in adaptively managing emotional responses, while accumulating evidence suggests impaired emotion regulation is a transdiagnostic feature of psychopathology. Effectual regulation in the context of negative stimuli is characterized by engagement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) coupled with reduced amygdala reactivity. In anxiety disorders and major depression, PFC underengagement and atypical PFC-amygdala connectivity has been observed, although patient findings based on case-control studies have been mixed with regard to magnitude, locality, and extent of dysfunction. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/da.22859
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22859DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Prevalence and associated factors for social phobia among school-going adolescents in a rural area of Puducherry, South India.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Background The World Health Organisation has reported that mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Social phobia is one such mental disorder that can have significant impact on the livelihood of adults if not detected at an early stage. There have been very few studies done on social phobia among adolescents in South India. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ijamh.ahead-of-print/ijamh-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0037DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

HrQoL in hair loss-affected patients with alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium: the role of personality traits and psychosocial anxiety.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Speciality Medicine (DIMES), Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Illness impact on HrQoL has been widely studied in hair loss-affected patients, yet no study has addressed whether individual differences modulate HrQoL in patients with alopecia areata (AA), androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and telogen effluvium (TE).

Objective: To identify the personality dimensions most predictive of the impact of disease on HrQoL.

Method: A single-site cross-sectional study was carried out in the Dermatology Unit of Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna between September 2016 and September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15327DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Biobehavioral threat sensitivity and amygdala volume: A twin neuroimaging study.

Neuroimage 2019 Feb 28;186:14-21. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Florida State University, Department of Psychology, 1107 W Call St, Tallahassee, FL, 32306, USA.

Current literature on the relationship between dispositional fear (or threat sensitivity) and amygdala gray matter volume (GMV) is heterogeneous, with findings including positive, negative, and null correlations. A clearer understanding of this relationship would help to determine the potential utility of amygdala volume as a biomarker of anxious/depressive (internalizing) disorders and contribute to understanding of neural mechanisms for variations in fearfulness. The study reported here used voxel-based morphometry to quantify amygdala GMV scores from structural neuroimaging data in a sample of 44 monozygotic twins (i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538119183203
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338499PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Nonclinical Brazilian Population.

Psychol Rep 2018 Nov 2:33294118805003. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal; Research in Education and Community Intervention, Portugal.

The aims of this study were twofold: (i) to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in a nonclinical, Brazilian population and (ii) to examine the effects of selected factors such as sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, workload, education, and income), body mass index, current diet, physical activity, and use of aesthetic treatment. A total of 428 adults (279 women and 149 men) aged 18 to 60 years ( M = 31.51, SD = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033294118805003DOI Listing
November 2018
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Comorbid social phobia does not predict the outcome in alcohol use disorder outpatient treatment.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 12 10;193:148-153. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Unit for Clinical Alcohol Research, Unit for Psychiatric Research, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Background: Social phobia (SP) is one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders among patients entering treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUD). However, few studies have examined the association between SP and alcohol-related treatment outcomes in naturalistic settings.

Aims: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid SP and to investigate the impact of the co-morbidity on the treatment course, dropout rates and treatment outcomes in a large sample of AUD patients treated in an outpatient alcohol treatment clinic. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716183071
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.09.004DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[Direct Costs of Social Phobia in Adolescents and Cost-Effectiveness of Psychotherapy].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Institut für Gesundheitsökonomie und Versorgungsforschung, Hamburg Center for Health Economics (HCHE), Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf.

Objectives: Social anxiety disorder is one of the most prevalent mental disorders and often manifests in youth or adolescence. Our aim was to determine direct costs of adolescents with social anxiety disorder and the cost-effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) compared to waiting list (WL).

Methods: Baseline data (n = 103) of a randomized controlled trial was used to determine direct costs. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0733-4999
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0733-4999DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Attenuated Psychophysiological Reactivity following Single-Session Group Imagery Rescripting versus Verbal Restructuring in Social Anxiety Disorder: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2018 31;87(6):340-349. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Washington,

Background: The effectiveness of psychotherapies for social anxiety disorder (SAD) is typically evaluated using self- and clinician-reported symptom change, while biomarkers of treatment response are rarely measured. The current study aimed to compare biomarkers of response following two brief group interventions for SAD.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of single-session group interventions for SAD (n = 58) - imagery rescripting (IR) and verbal restructuring (VR) versus waitlist control (WC). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493897
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493897DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

A Population-Based Twin Study of Childhood Irritability and Internalizing Syndromes.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Oct 30:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Psychiatry , Virginia Commonwealth University.

Childhood irritability exhibits significant theoretical and empirical associations with depression and anxiety syndromes. The current study used the twin design to parse genetic and environmental contributions to these relationships. Children ages 9-14 from 374 twin pairs were assessed for irritability and symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety, panic, social phobia, and separation anxiety using dimensional self-report instruments. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2018.1514612DOI Listing
October 2018
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Association of positive, negative, and disorganized schizotypy dimensions with affective symptoms and experiences.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 16;270:1143-1149. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA; University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:

Schizotypy offers a useful construct for investigating the etiology, development, and expression of schizophrenia-spectrum psychopathology, as well as the comorbid expression of mood and anxiety disorders across the schizophrenia spectrum. The present study examined the associations of positive, negative, and disorganized schizotypy with affective symptoms and experiences in a sample of MTurk workers and college students (n = 575). Participants completed the Multidimensional Schizotypy Scale (MSS) and measures of depression, anxiety, social phobia, hypomanic traits, and state affect. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183131
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.10.031DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Therapeutic Effectiveness of in Young People with Social Anxiety Disorder: A Pilot Study.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 27;2018:1716939. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Centro de Investigación Biomédica del Sur, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (CIBIS-IMSS), Xochitepec, Morelos, Mexico.

Social anxiety is one of the most common disorders found in the population attending the first level of health care. has been used for many years in Mexican traditional medicine to treat "nervous disorders". A standardized extract of this species has been evaluated in clinical studies that have proven its efficacy and safety in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2018/1716939/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1716939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180996PMC
September 2018
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Anxiety disorder symptoms at age 10 predict eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in adolescence.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Cross-sectional associations between anxiety disorders and eating disorders (EDs) have been well documented; however, limited research has examined whether symptoms of anxiety disorders are prospectively associated with EDs. Identifying these longitudinal associations can aid in discerning relationships among eating and anxiety disorders and point toward a mechanistic understanding of developmental psychopathology. This study investigated the prospective associations between parent-reported anxiety in mid-childhood (age 10) and child-reported ED behaviors and disorders in adolescence (at ages 14 and 16 years) in a population-based sample. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jcpp.12984
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12984DOI Listing
October 2018
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Prevalence of dental anxiety and associations with oral health, psychological distress, avoidance and anticipated pain in adolescence: a cross-sectional study based on the Tromsø study, Fit Futures.

Acta Odontol Scand 2019 Mar 20;77(2):126-134. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

b Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences , UiT The Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway.

Objective: To describe the prevalence of dental anxiety (DA) among adolescents in Tromsø and Balsfjord region in northern Norway and present a multivariate logistic regression model to predict high dental anxiety scores (DASs) among these adolescents.

Materials And Methods: We used self-report questionnaires and clinical dental examination data from adolescents registered in upper secondary school (15-18 years of age) in this region (n = 986). Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) when using Corah's DAS as a dichotomous dependent variable. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016357.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2018.1513558DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder.

BDJ Open 2018 6;4:18002. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Universidade São Francisco, Rua Alexandre Rodrigues Barbosa, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: Individuals who complain of halitosis experience psychological consequences that can lead to social, professional, and affective limitations. Research has identified social anxiety disorder (SAD) as the most common psychopathology associated to halitosis complaints. Combining these two lines of research, we sought to determine the validity of the Halitosis Consequences Inventory (ICH), a scale designed to assess the psychological consequences of halitosis complaints. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/bdjopen20182
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bdjopen.2018.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191820PMC
April 2018
10 Reads

Examining the relationships between error-related brain activity (the ERN) and anxiety disorders versus externalizing disorders in young children: Focusing on cognitive control, fear, and shyness.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 7;87:112-119. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Stony Brook University, United States of America.

Objective: We examine the relationship between individual differences in temperament (cognitive control, fear, and shyness) and the error-related negativity (i.e., the ERN) in a large sample of young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.09.009DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Enhancing the Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Anxiety.

Behav Ther 2018 11 18;49(6):995-1007. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

University of Illinois at Chicago.

Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) is a promising treatment modality for social anxiety disorder, but effect sizes are relatively small across investigations (Hallion & Ruscio, 2011). Additionally, the extent to which CBM-I impacts other cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes is unclear. This study investigated whether two empirically supported treatment components for anxiety disorders, imaginal exposure (IE) and relaxation, augment the effects of CBM-I and increase the extent to which the effects of CBM-I generalize to behavioral and affective outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

I Did OK, but Did I Like It? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Examine Perceptions of Social Interactions Associated With Severity of Social Anxiety and Depression.

Behav Ther 2018 11 3;49(6):866-880. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of Virginia.

Socially anxious and depressed individuals tend to evaluate their social interactions negatively, but little is known about the specific real-time contributors to these negative perceptions. The current study examined how affect ratings during social interactions predict later perceptions of those interactions, and whether this differs by social anxiety and depression severity. Undergraduate participants (N = 60) responded to a smartphone application that prompted participants to answer short questions about their current affect and social context up to 6 times a day for 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.07.009DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads