4,743 results match your criteria Social Phobia


Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression with comorbid anxiety disorders.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 30;252:435-439. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

The Adelaide Clinic, Ramsay Health Care (SA) Mental Health Services, South Australia, Australia; Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Northern Adelaide Local Health Network, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The presence of comorbid anxiety is generally associated with poorer treatment outcomes in people with depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to be effective for treatment resistant depression, but there has been little research examining rTMS in depressed patients with comorbid anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of rTMS in patients with treatment resistant Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and comorbid anxiety disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.085DOI Listing

Evaluating crisaborole as a treatment option for atopic dermatitis.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2019 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

d Department of Dermatology , Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , NC , USA.

Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and recurrent disease presenting with eczematous lesions and pruritus. It impacts patient and family quality of life, increases morbidity, and accounts for large health-care expenditures. Although nonpharmacologic, topical, and systemic treatments exist, management of AD remains challenging due to limited treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2019.1604688DOI Listing

Comorbidity in social anxiety disorder: diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.

Drugs Context 2019 2;8:212573. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Comorbid disorders are highly prevalent in patients with social anxiety disorder, occurring in as many as 90% of patients. The presence of comorbidity may affect the course of the disease in several ways such as comorbidity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) is related to earlier treatment-seeking behavior, increased symptom severity, treatment resistance and decreased functioning. Moreover, comorbidities cause significant difficulties in nosology and diagnosis, and may cause treatment challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7573/dic.212573DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448478PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Measuring treatment outcome in patients with anxiety disorders: A comparison of the responsiveness of generic and disorder-specific instruments.

J Anxiety Disord 2019 Apr 6;64:55-63. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Leiden University, Pieter De La Court Building, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, the Netherlands; Stichting Benchmark GGZ, Rembrandtlaan 46, 3723 BK Bilthoven, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: For routine outcome monitoring, generic (i.e., broad-based) and disorder-specific instruments are used to monitor patient progress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Anxiety, depression, self-esteem among children of alcoholic and nonalcoholic parents.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):604-609

Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

Context: Children of alcoholics (COAs) face risks of behavioral problems during childhood and mental health problems in adult life. Identifying these problems at the earliest can significantly reduce the problems in future.

Aims: To compare the anxiety, depression, and self-esteem between COA and non-COA parents. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2019/8/2/604/252992
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_282_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436308PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Six-Month Prevalence of Mental Disorders and Service Contacts among Children and Youth in Ontario: Evidence from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):246-255

5 In alphabetical order: Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objectives: To present the 6-month prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders and mental health-related service contacts in a sample of children (4 to 11 years) and youth (12 to 17 years) in Ontario.

Methods: The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study is a provincially representative survey of 6537 families with children aged 4 to 17 years in Ontario. DSM-IV-TR mental disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) and included mood (major depressive episode), anxiety (generalized anxiety, separation anxiety, social phobia, specific phobia), and behaviour disorders (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional-defiant disorder, conduct disorder). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830024DOI Listing
April 2019
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Autosomal recessive ADCY5-Related dystonia and myoclonus: Expanding the genetic spectrum of ADCY5-Related movement disorders.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Biomedical Research, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: ADCY5-related hyperkinesia encompasses a heterogeneous group of phenotypes, including paroxysmal chorea, myoclonus, and dystonia. The disease is attributed to mutations of ADCY5, which encodes an adenylate cyclase enzyme. The disease can occur in a sporadic or familial pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.02.039DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Prevalence of Specific Phobia by Age in an Italian Nationwide Survey: How Much Does it Affect the Quality of Life?

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2019 20;15:30-37. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Cagliari,Cagliari,Italy.

Introduction: The study aimed to see if a community survey conducted by clinical interviewers with semi-structured psychiatric interviews shows lifetime prevalence rates of Specific Phobia (SP) similar to those found by surveys carried out by lay interviewers and if the high level of impairment found in SP may be confirmed.

Methods: This is a community survey on an Italian nationwide sample randomly selected from registers of municipalities. Tools: semi-structured ANTAS psychiatric interview derived from the SCID-DSM-IV, carried out by clinicians (psychologists or physicians); Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) as a measure of Quality of Life (QoL). Read More

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https://clinical-practice-and-epidemiology-in-mental-health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1745017901915010030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407652PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Revisiting ADHD age-of-onset in adults: to what extent should we rely on the recall of childhood symptoms?

Psychol Med 2019 Apr 10:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

ADHD Outpatient Program,Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre,Porto Alegre,Brazil.

Background: ADHD diagnosis requires the presence of symptoms before the age of twelve. In clinical assessment of adults, the most frequent strategy to check this criterion is investigating self-report recall of symptoms, despite little evidence on the validity of this approach. We aim to evaluate the recall accuracy and factors associated with its reliability in a large population-based sample of adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003329171900076XDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Transition memories: experiences of trans adult women with hormone therapy and their beliefs on the usage of hormone blockers to suppress puberty.

J Endocrinol Invest 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Via degli Apuli 1, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: In recent years, an increasing number of specialized gender clinics have been prescribing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs to adolescents diagnosed with gender dysphoria (GD) to suppress puberty. This paper presents qualitative research on the hormone therapy (HT) experiences of older trans-people and their views on puberty suppression. The main aim of this research was to explore the psychological aspects of hormonal treatments for gender non-conforming adults, including the controversial use of puberty suppression treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-019-01045-2DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Social deprivation, gender and obesity: multiple stigma? Results of a population survey from Germany.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 3;9(4):e023389. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Medical Sociology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Objectives: Individuals with obesity are subject to stigmatisation, resulting in discrimination. Studies focusing on obesity stigma often do not account for social conditions that also may be associated with stigmatisation. Following an intersectional approach, social categories such as gender and socioeconomic status (SES) can interact and form a basis for multiple stigma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023389DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Social anxiety modulates visual exploration in real life - but not in the laboratory.

Br J Psychol 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychology, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Germany.

In clinical reports, individuals high on social anxiety are often described to avoid gaze at other people, whereas several experimental studies employing images of persons yielded conflicting results. Here, we show that gaze avoidance crucially depends on the possibility of social interactions. We examined gaze behaviour in individuals with varying degrees of social anxiety in real-life and in a second group of participants using a closely matched laboratory condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12396DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Brief Report: Sex/Gender Differences in Symptomology and Camouflaging in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is more prevalent in males than females. Previous research indicates females camouflage ASD symptoms more than males, potentially contributing to the difference in prevalence. This study investigated sex/gender differences in behavioral phenotypes in 17 males and 11 females with ASD, as well camouflaging in ASD, in an attempt to partially replicate findings from Lai et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03998-yDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales (RCADS): Psychometric Evaluation in Children Evaluated for ADHD.

J Psychopathol Behav Assess 2019 Mar 17;41(1):93-106. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Co-occurring internalizing symptoms are common and important to assess in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One frequently used child self-report measure of internalizing symptoms is the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales (RCADS), yet the psychometric properties of the RCADS remain unexamined in children referred for ADHD specifically. The present study evaluated the RCADS in 117 children (ages 8-12; 66% male) evaluated for suspected ADHD at an ADHD specialty clinic (83% met criteria for ADHD). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10862-018-9702-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9702-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438181PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Personality Trait Interactions in Risk for and Protection against Social Anxiety Symptoms.

Authors:
Patryk Łakuta

J Psychol 2019 Mar 26:1-16. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

a SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities.

Previous attempts to identify personality traits that enhance inclination to social anxiety (SA) have been limited by a tendency to focus on selected traits in isolation, rather than examining their interactions. Additional research is needed to better understand whether and how these dimensions are linked to SA. In a prospective study, it was examined how interactions between the Big Five personality factors predict SA symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2019.1581723DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

In search of disorders: internalizing symptom networks in a large clinical sample.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: The co-occurrence of internalizing disorders is a common form of psychiatric comorbidity, raising questions about the boundaries between these diagnostic categories. We employ network psychometrics in order to: (a) determine whether internalizing symptoms cluster in a manner reflecting DSM diagnostic criteria, (b) gauge how distinct these diagnostic clusters are and (c) examine whether this network structure changes from childhood to early and then late adolescence.

Method: Symptom-level data were obtained for service users in publicly funded mental health services in England between 2011 and 2015 (N = 37,162). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13044DOI Listing
March 2019
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Intrusive social images in individuals with high and low social anxiety: a multi-method analysis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 21:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

University of Ottawa,Canada.

Background: Models of social anxiety suggest that intrusive images/memories are common in social anxiety and contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety.

Aims: We examined the context and phenomenological features of intrusive social images using quantitative and qualitative measures across various levels of social anxiety.

Method: Undergraduate students (n = 191) completed measures of social anxiety (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000043DOI Listing
March 2019
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Associations between adolescent social phobia, sickness absence and unemployment: a prospective study of twins in Sweden.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Little is known about adolescent mental health problems, including social phobia, as risk factors for future work incapacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between social phobia in adolescence and unemployment and sickness absence (SA) in early adulthood, also evaluating the role of familial factors (genetics and shared environment).

Methods: A sample of 2845 Swedish twins born in 1985-86 in Sweden was followed longitudinally in the population-based and prospective Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz033DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Comparing Scores From Full Length, Short Form, and Adaptive Tests of the Social Interaction Anxiety and Social Phobia Scales.

Assessment 2019 Mar 15:1073191119832657. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

1 UNSW Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The current study developed and examined the performance of a computerized adaptive version of the Social Interaction Anxiety and Social Phobia Scales (SIAS/SPS) and compared results with a previously developed static short form (SIAS-6/SPS-6) in terms of measurement precision, concordance with the full forms, and sensitivity to treatment. Among an online sample of Australian adults, there were relatively minor differences in the performance of the adaptive tests and static short forms when compared with the full scales. Moreover, both adaptive and static short forms generated similar effect sizes across treatment in a clinical sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191119832657DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Major Depression and Anxiety Disorders: A Health Technology Assessment.

Authors:

Ont Health Technol Assess Ser 2019 19;19(6):1-199. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Background: Major depression is defined as a period of depression lasting at least 2 weeks characterized by depressed mood, most of the day, nearly every day, and/or markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities. Anxiety disorders encompass a broad range of disorders in which people experience feelings of fear and excessive worry that interfere with normal day-to-day functioning.Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a form of evidence-based psychotherapy used to treat major depression and anxiety disorders. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394534PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Somatic symptom load in men and women from middle to high age in the Gutenberg Health Study - association with psychosocial and somatic factors.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 14;9(1):4610. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany.

The purpose of the study was (1) to determine the prevalence of somatic symptoms in men and women in the general population and (2) to identify the contributions of psychosocial factors and somatic disease on symptom reporting. A total of 7,925 participants aged 40 to 80 years underwent medical and psychological assessments, based on the PHQ-15 (Patient Health Questionnaire). We excluded 3 items in order to avoid confounding findings: 2 items overlapping with the depression measure (PHQ-9) and the menstruation complaints item which biases sex comparisons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40709-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418216PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Favourable short-term course and outcome of pediatric anxiety spectrum disorders: a prospective study from India.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2019 28;13:11. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

2Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka India.

Background: Although anxiety disorders are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents, there is a paucity of research on the course and outcome of anxiety spectrum disorders in low and middle-income countries.

Methods: 60 children and adolescents aged 6-16 years with anxiety spectrum disorders attending the child and adolescent psychiatry department in a tertiary care center from India were included after taking written informed consent and assent in this prospective study conducted between April 2012 to May 2014. Assessments were done at baseline, 12 weeks and 24 weeks using pediatric anxiety rating scale, clinical global impression-severity, clinical global assessment scale and pediatric quality of life scale; MINI-KID (version 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0272-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393978PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Type D personality, anxiety sensitivity, social anxiety, and disability in patients with acne: a cross-sectional controlled study.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2019 Feb 22;36(1):51-57. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.

Introduction: Acne has long been associated with many psychiatric comorbidities.

Aim: To determine anxiety and depression levels, social phobia frequency, social anxiety level, subjective stress perception, anxiety sensitivity, disability, and the frequency of type D personality in patients with acne.

Material And Methods: In total, 61 patients with acne aged > 16 years and 61 age, gender, and educationally matched healthy volunteers were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/ada.2019.82824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409878PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Explaining the association between anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorder: A twin study.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Mental Disorders, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: It is unknown whether social anxiety disorder (SAD) has a unique association with alcohol use disorder (AUD) over and beyond that of other anxiety disorders, how the associations develop over time, and whether the associations are likely to be causal.

Methods: Diagnoses of AUD, SAD, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and specific phobias were assessed twice using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview among 2,801 adult Norwegian twins. The data were analyzed using logistic regression analyses and multivariate biometric structural equation modeling. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/da.22886
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22886DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Video Teaching Leads to Improved Attitudes Towards Obesity-a Randomized Study with 949 Participants.

Obes Surg 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Obesity is a rising social and economic burden. Patients with obesity often suffer from stigmatization and discrimination. Underrecognition of obesity as a disease could be a contributing factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03804-9DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Moderators and predictors of outcome in metacognitive and cognitive behavioural therapy for co-morbid anxiety disorders.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Research Institute, Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Vikersund, Norway.

This study aimed to investigate whether two theoretically derived moderators of treatment, degree of worry and avoidance at pretreatment, moderated anxiety from pretreatment to post-treatment in a randomized controlled trial comparing metacognitive therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy. Personality problems, degree of co-morbidity, and demographic characteristics (work status and education) were also investigated. Seventy-four patients with a primary diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder, social phobia, or panic disorder with and without agoraphobia were analysed using multilevel modelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2361DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescent anxiety: Predictors of treatment response.

Internet Interv 2019 Mar 31;15:116-125. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 9, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been found efficacious in reducing symptoms of anxiety in adolescents with anxiety disorders, but not all respond equally well.

Objective: In this study, we explored candidate predictors of ICBT treatment response within the frame of a randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Sixty-five adolescents (13-17 years) with anxiety disorders according to DSM-IV received 14 weeks of therapist-guided ICBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371410PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Quality of life, self-stigma, and coping strategies in patients with neurotic spectrum disorders: a cross-sectional study.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2019 1;12:81-95. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic,

Background: Modern psychiatry focuses on self-stigma, coping strategies, and quality of life (QoL). This study looked at relationships among severity of symptoms, self-stigma, demographics, coping strategies, and QoL in patients with neurotic spectrum disorders.

Methods: A total of 153 clinically stable participants who met criteria for generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, agoraphobia, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, adjustment disorders, somatoform disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder were included in a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S179838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363490PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The Prevalence and Correlation of Non-motor Symptoms in Adult Patients with Idiopathic Focal or Segmental Dystonia.

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) 2019 4;9:596. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, BR.

Background: Idiopathic focal dystonia is a motor syndrome associated with dysfunction of basal ganglia circuits. Observations have suggested that many other non-motor symptoms may also be part of the clinical picture. The aim was to assess the prevalence and correlation of non-motor symptoms in patients with common idiopathic focal or segmental dystonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/fhnv-v355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377805PMC
April 2019
9 Reads

Social anxiety enhances recognition of task-irrelevant threat words.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2019 Mar 16;194:69-76. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Past research is mixed regarding the conditions under which memory biases emerge in individuals with high levels of social anxiety. The current study examined whether high social anxiety would be associated with a memory bias for threatening, but task-irrelevant information, or whether it creates a memory bias for both threatening as well as neutral distractors. 60 undergraduate students were recruited, half classified as having high social anxiety and half as having low social anxiety according to the Social Phobia Inventory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2019.01.015DOI Listing

Treating comorbid depression and avoidant personality disorder: The case of Andy.

J Clin Psychol 2019 May 19;75(5):886-897. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychotherapy, Lausanne University Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Major depressive disorder is among the most frequently diagnosed mental disorders and is often accompanied by other disorders such as anxiety or substance abuse. As a result of a complicated tangle of comorbidities, psychotherapy in such cases can become quite demanding. The present case study presents and discusses the challenges represented by a complex case of psychotherapy, focusing on ongoing modifications of the clinical hypotheses and therapeutic approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22764DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with phobias: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology and Helmholtz Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in the majority of patients, especially exposure therapy. However, a substantial subset of patients fails to achieve or stay in remission. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2022-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373100PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Predictors of problematic Internet use in school going adolescents of Bhavnagar, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 11;65(2):151-157. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Sir Takhtasinhji General Hospital, Bhavnagar, India.

Background:: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life.

Aim/objective:: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents.

Methods:: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827985DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Reciprocal associations between screen time and emotional disorder symptoms during adolescence.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Mar 25;13:281-288. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, United States of America.

Screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorders are associated with one another in youth. Yet, the direction of the association is unclear, as is whether specific types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorder symptoms are more closely linked. This study estimated the bi-directional associations between two types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and four types of self-reported emotional disorder symptoms, and tested whether physical activity buffered these associations in a Los Angeles high school student cohort ( = 2525, baseline age = 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.01.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354617PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Predictive modeling for response to lithium and quetiapine in bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

The Dauten Family Center for Bipolar Treatment Innovation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: Lithium and quetiapine are known to be effective treatments for bipolar disorder. However, little information is available to inform prediction of response to these medications. Machine-learning methods can identify predictors of response by examining variables simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bdi.12752DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV agoraphobia in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) definition of agoraphobia (AG) as an independent diagnostic entity makes it timely to re-examine the epidemiology of AG. Study objective was to present representative data on the characteristics of individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for AG (AG without a history of panic disorder [PD] and PD with AG) but not DSM-5 criteria, DSM-5 but not DSM-IV criteria, or both sets of criteria.

Methods: Population-based surveys from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative including adult respondents (n = 136,357) from 27 countries across the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22885DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads
4.407 Impact Factor

Can Social Anxiety Impact Facial Emotion Recognition in Schizophrenia?

J Nerv Ment Dis 2019 Mar;207(3):140-144

Department of Psychiatry, University Laval, Quebec, Canada.

Social anxiety is highly prevalent in individuals with schizophrenia, with studies suggesting rates of 30%. This study aimed at determining if social anxiety is linked to specific emotion recognition deficits and to specific social functioning deficits. A total of 47 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and receiving outpatient services answered measures of facial recognition (Ekman; Facial Emotion Identification Test), facial discrimination (Facial Emotion Discrimination Test), role-play, social anxiety (Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and Brief Social Phobia Scale), psychiatric symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale), self-esteem (Self-Esteem Rating Scale-Short Form), and social functioning (Social Functioning Scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000934DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Subscales of the Fear Survey Schedule-III in Community Dwelling Older Adults - Relations to Clinical and Cognitive Measures.

Clin Gerontol 2019 Feb 1:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

c Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology , Macquarie University , Sydney , Australia.

Objectives: One major obstacle to the diagnosis and treatment of specific phobias in later life is the lack of assessment tools that are relevant to the fears of older adults. This study investigated the utility of five reliable subscales (Blood/Injury, Agoraphobia, Aggression, Animal/Insect, Social Fears) derived from the Fear Survey Schedule-III, a popular measure of phobic fear, in discriminating older from younger participants.

Method: The sample was comprised of 81 younger and 61 older adults who completed self-report measures of anxiety and depression and neuropsychological tests. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07317115.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2019.1571554DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Prospective associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin with 12-month, lifetime and incident anxiety and depressive disorders in men and women from the general population.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 9;245:905-911. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Physiological and Clinical Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Findings on associations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with anxiety and depressive disorders in the general population remain inconclusive.

Methods: We used data of n = 993 men and n = 980 women from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP, a prospective-longitudinal general population study from northeastern Germany). Immunoassay-measured serum concentrations of total testosterone, androstenedione and SHBG were assessed when participants were aged 20-80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.052DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy of an unguided internet-based self-help intervention for social anxiety disorder in university students: A randomized controlled trial.

Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 2019 Jan 27:e1766. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Objectives: Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) offer the opportunity to deliver mental health treatments on a large scale. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of an unguided IMI (StudiCare SAD) for university students with social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Methods: University students (N = 200) diagnosed with SAD were randomly assigned to an IMI or a waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment as usual. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mpr.1766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mpr.1766DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Fears and fear-related cognitions in children with selective mutism.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Special Needs Educational and Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Straße 10c, 35394, Giessen, Germany.

Selective mutism (SM) is classified under the category of anxiety disorders in DSM-5 [1], although concrete fears that underlie the condition are not specified contrary to all other anxiety disorders. Given the lack of studies systematically investigating fears in SM, content and frequency of concrete fears as well as related cognitions have remained unclear so far. One hundred and twenty-four participants [M = 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01281-0DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

On the Identifiability of Diagnostic Classification Models.

Psychometrika 2019 03 23;84(1):19-40. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Columbia University, New York, USA.

This paper establishes fundamental results for statistical analysis based on diagnostic classification models (DCMs). The results are developed at a high level of generality and are applicable to essentially all diagnostic classification models. In particular, we establish identifiability results for various modeling parameters, notably item response probabilities, attribute distribution, and Q-matrix-induced partial information structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11336-018-09658-xDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and associated factors of comorbid anxiety disorders in late-life depression: findings from geriatric tertiary outpatient settings.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2019 7;15:199-204. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Purpose: The study evaluated the prevalence of comorbid anxiety disorders in late-life depression (LLD) and identified their associated factors.

Patients And Methods: This study involved 190 elderly Thais with depressive disorders diagnosed according to the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Anxiety disorders were also diagnosed by the MINI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S184585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328289PMC
January 2019
5 Reads
2.154 Impact Factor

Body image disturbances, fear and associations with the amygdala in anorexia nervosa.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Feb 17;131(3-4):61-67. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitaetsplatz 6/I, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe illness with a high mortality rate which mainly affects young women. Studies found a localized volume loss of the amygdala in patients with AN, a brain region responsible for affective responses. Patients with AN were found to have body image distortions, and suffer from the comorbid disorders depression, anxiety disorder, and obsession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1440-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394804PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

Mental disorders and the risk of adult violent and psychological victimisation: a prospective, population-based study.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Jan 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Psychiatry,Amsterdam UMC/GGZ inGeest,P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam,The Netherlands.

AimsPsychiatric patients are at increased risk to become victim of violence. It remains unknown whether subjects of the general population with mental disorders are at risk of victimisation as well. In addition, it remains unclear whether the risk of victimisation differs across specific disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796018000768DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Role of social skills training in adolescents with social anxiety disorder.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2019 Jan 6;19(1):41-48. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Social skills training (SST) is frequently included in the treatment of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in both children and adolescents, although there is no empirical evidence to support it. Consequently, our objective is to study the role and effects of SST in the treatment of a sample of adolescents with SAD. A total of 108 adolescents diagnosed with generalized social phobia were randomly assigned to two treatment conditions (with and without SST) and a control group waiting list (WLCG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300857PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

[Virtual reality therapy in the care management of anxiety disorders].

Vertex 2018 Jan;29(137):51-54

Servicio de Psiquiatría de Adultos, Hospital Pitié Salpêtrière, París, Francia.

Virtual reality involves the creation of an interactive three-dimensional virtual world which the user can navigate. This technology is proposed for anxiety disorders as an alternative to the in vivo and imaginative exposure provided in cognitive behavioral therapy, the gold standard psychoterapeutic treatment for this pathology. According to a signifcant number of publications including meta-analysis, virtual reality therapy exposure is at least equivalent to in vivo exposure in specifc phobias, panic disorder with agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder and social phobia. Read More

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January 2018
14 Reads