693 results match your criteria Social Neuroscience [Journal]


The neural representation of the self in relation to close others using fMRI repetition suppression.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

a Vrije Universiteit Brussel , Department of Psychology , Belgium.

Prior neuroimaging studies revealed neural correlates for various aspects of self processing, but did not identify the neural representation of the self in terms of personality traits isolated from other processes. To identify this representation of the self, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) repetition suppression which is based on the assumption that repeated processing of the same stimulus results in decreased activation of the neural population representing this stimulus. Participants read two successive trait implying behavioral descriptions in which the agent was twice the self, the self and a close other or two different close others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1581657DOI Listing
February 2019

Experimentally induced nostalgia reduces the amplitude of the event-related negativity.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

a Department of Psychology , North Dakota State University.

To initiate a neuroscientific approach to the science of nostalgia, we conducted an experiment testing distinct hypotheses involving the effects of nostalgia on the event-related negativity (ERN). Based on the view of the ERN as an index of action monitoring and research suggesting a negative impact of loneliness on cognitive control, we predicted that high loneliness would be associated with lower neural (ERN amplitude) and cognitive (post-error accuracy) indices of cognitive control. We further predicted that nostalgia would mitigate these effects based on past research indicating nostalgia counteracts loneliness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1580612DOI Listing
February 2019

The contribution of semantic memory to the recognition of basic emotions and emotional valence: Evidence from the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Feb 4:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Faculté de médecine, Département de réadaptation , Université Laval , Québec , QC , Canada.

There is compelling evidence that semantic memory is involved in emotion recognition. However, its contribution to the recognition of emotional valence and basic emotions remains unclear. We compared the performance of 10 participants with the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), a clinical model of semantic memory impairment, to that of 33 healthy participants using three experimental tasks assessing the recognition of: 1) emotional valence conveyed by photographic scenes, 2) basic emotions conveyed by facial expressions, and 3) basic emotions conveyed by prosody sounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1577295DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A walk on the dark side: TMS over the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) disrupts behavioral responses to infant stimuli.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Jan 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

d Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC) , Leiden University , Leiden , The Netherlands.

Infant signals, including infant sounds and facial expressions, play a critical role in eliciting parental proximity and care. Processing of infant signals in the adulthood brain is likely to recruit emotional empathy neural circuits, including the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Here, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to test the role of right IFG (rIFG) in behavioral responses to infant signals. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1574891DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry: An electromyographic study.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Jan 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

c School of Psychology , University of Queensland , Brisbane , Australia.

Emotional expressions evoke rapid facial reactions in the perceiver that are consistent with the valence of the observed expression. We aimed to investigate whether this robust facial reaction is purely a motor matching response or instead represents underlying affective processes. Participants' (N = 60) corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major muscle activity was quantified using facial electromyography (EMG) while they viewed three sets of images; (i) upright happy and angry facial expressions, (ii) inverted happy and angry facial expressions, and (iii) sad and happy eyes and mouth expressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1564694DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A double-blind HD-tDCS/EEG study examining right temporoparietal junction involvement in facial emotion processing.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Jan 22:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

a Deakin Child Study Centre, School of Psychology , Deakin University , Geelong , Australia.

Prior studies have demonstrated that aspects of social cognition can be modulated via temporoparietal junction (TPJ) transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). However, this technique lacks focality and electrophysiological effects or correlates are rarely examined. The present study investigated whether anodal and/or cathodal high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS) would influence facial emotion processing performance relative to sham stimulation, and whether task performance changes were related to neurophysiological changes. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1572648DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Behavioral and cardiovascular consequences of disrupted oxytocin communication in cohabitating pairs of male and female prairie voles.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Jan 18:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

a Department of Psychology , Northern Illinois University , DeKalb , IL , USA.

Negative social experiences may influence psychological and physiological health via altered central oxytocin communication. The prairie vole is valuable for investigating the potential influence of oxytocin on responses to social experiences. Prairie voles are socially monogamous, live in pairs or family groups, and respond negatively to changes in the social environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1572031DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Framing a trust game as a power game greatly affects interbrain synchronicity between trustor and trustee.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Jan 9:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a School of Management , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , China.

We used dual electroencephalography (EEG) to measure brain activity simultaneously in pairs of trustors and trustees playing a 15-round trust game framed as a "trust game" versus a "power game". Four major findings resulted: first, earnings in each round were higher in the trust than in the power game. Second, in the trust game, reaction time for strategic deliberations was significantly longer for the trustee than the trustor. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2019.1566171DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

The Lonely Brain: Evidence from studying patients with penetrating brain injury.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

b Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Brain Injury Research , Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, Chicago , IL , USA.

Loneliness is perceived as social isolation and exclusion. The neural substrate of loneliness has been investigated with functional neuroimaging; however, lesion-based studies and their associated outcomes are needed to infer causal involvement between brain regions and function. Here, we applied voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) analyses to investigate the causal role of brain lesions on self-report of loneliness (UCLA Loneliness Scale) in a unique sample from the Vietnam Head Injury Study, including veterans with penetrating traumatic brain injuries (pTBI) (n = 132) and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 35). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1553798DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Prosocial behavior toward estranged persons modulates the interaction between midline cortical structures and the reward system.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

b Division of Cerebral Integration, Department of Cerebral Research , National Institute for Physiological Sciences , Okazaki , 444-8585 Japan.

Good reputation enhances positive self-image, which motivates prosocial behavior, a phenomenon known as indirect reciprocity. Thus, good reputation should promote prosocial behavior toward estranged people to whom affective responses leading to direct reciprocity are suppressed. We predicted that such behaviors involve an interrelationship between self-image, processed in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and precuneus, and social reward, processed in the reward system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1553797DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads
2.873 Impact Factor

Transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) over prefrontal cortex does not influence the evaluation of facial emotions.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Nov 10:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

a Department of Psychological , Health and Territorial Sciences, 'G. d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara , Chieti , Italy.

Cerebral asymmetries for emotion processing are controversial, the right hemisphere being considered either superior in the recognition of all emotions, or superior in the recognition of negative emotions (together with the left-hemispheric superiority for positive emotions). In a number of previous studies, tDCS was applied on the left/right prefrontal cortex (PFC) in order to disentangle this issue, but the results remain controversial. We applied hf-tRNS/sham stimulation over the left/right PFC, during the presentation of neutral, angry and happy faces presented as broadband images (supraliminal condition), and as "hybrid" stimuli in which an emotional face in low spatial frequency is superimposed to the neutral expression of the same individual in high spatial frequency (subliminal condition), during a friendliness evaluation task. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1546226DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Oxytocin increases eye-gaze towards novel social and non-social stimuli.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Oct 31:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

a Institute of Medical Psychology , Heidelberg University , Heidelberg , Germany.

Research on oxytocin (OT) has revealed a substantial involvement of this neuropeptide in social cognition processes and attachment behavior. The rationale of the present project was to decipher the differential role of OT in basic social cognition processes towards non-erotic attachment stimuli vs. reproduction-related stimuli in human subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1542341DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Normal sexual dimorphism in theory of mind circuitry is reversed in Schizophrenia.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Oct 29:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

c Departments of Psychiatry , Neuroscience, and Genetics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York , NY , USA.

The ability to mentalize, or theory of mind (ToM), is sexually dimorphic in humans and impaired in schizophrenia. This sex-stratified study probed cognitive (indexed by intelligence) and affective (indexed by olfactory tasks) contributions to ToM performance in 37 individuals with schizophrenia and 31 healthy controls. The schizophrenia group showed impairments in mental state identification and inferring intentions compared to controls. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1536613DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads
2.873 Impact Factor

Infant brain response to affective and discriminative touch: A longitudinal study using fNIRS.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Oct 23:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

b Neuropsychophysiology Lab, CiPsi , School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar , Braga , Portugal.

The affective-motivational component of touch has been shown to consistently activate the social- brain network in children, adolescents and adults, including the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS). However, very little is known about the neural mechanisms of affective touch processing during the first year of life. The objective of the present study was to analyze brain response to affective and discriminative touch in a sample of seven-month-old infants (N = 35) who were followed longitudinally at 12 months of age (N = 25). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1536000DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads
2.873 Impact Factor

Gray matter volume covariance networks associated with social networks in older adults.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Oct 16:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

b Department of Neurology , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , NY , USA.

Extensive social networks are associated with better physical, mental, and cognitive health in aging, but the underlying brain substrates remain largely unexplored. Voxel-based morphometry and multivariate statistics were used to identify gray matter volume covariance networks associated with social networks in 86 older adults without dementia (M Age = 75.20 years, 53% women). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1535999DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

The Own-Race Bias and the cerebral hemispheres.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Oct 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

a Department of Psychological , Health and Territorial Sciences, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara , Chieti , Italy.

The Own-Race Bias (ORB) is the ability to better recognize and categorize a face when the depicted person belongs to the observer's ethnicity group. The relationship between the ORB and hemispheric asymmetries has been poorly explored, and the present study was aimed at investigating this relationship, as well as that between the ORB and the bias to better recognize own gender faces. Female and male Caucasian participants categorized the ethnicity of Caucasian and Asian female and male facial stimuli in a divided visual field paradigm. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1534755DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Parental presence with encouragement alters feedback processing in preschoolers: An ERP study.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Sep 22:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

b Graduate School of Arts and Sciences , The University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan.

External feedback plays an important role in adapting to the environment; however, feedback processing in preschoolers has not been fully understood. The present event-related brain potential (ERP) study sought to understand the influence of parental presence with encouragement on feedback processing by focusing on reward positivity (RewP: mean amplitude between 200-350 ms). Five-year-old children (N = 21) completed an animal search task both alone (the alone condition) and with a parent who offered words of encouragement (the with a parent condition). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1527250DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Parity and neural responses to social and non-social stimuli in pregnancy.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Sep 21:1-4. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

a Yale Child Study Center , Yale University , New Haven , CT , USA.

Prior reproductive experience, or parity, may contribute to differential neural responses to infant stimuli during pregnancy. We examined the P300 elicited by viewing infant and adult faces, as well as houses, in women pregnant with their first child and compared their neural responses to women who had at least one child prior to their current pregnancy. We found the P300 amplitude was larger in women pregnant with their first child as compared to pregnant women who had previously had children. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1518833DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

The application of computational models to social neuroscience: promises and pitfalls.

Soc Neurosci 2018 12 12;13(6):637-647. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

a Division of Humanities and Social Sciences , California Institute of Technology , Pasadena , CA , USA.

Interactions with conspecifics are key to any social species. In order to navigate this social world, it is crucial for individuals to learn from and about others. From learning new skills by observing parents perform them to making complex collective decisions, understanding the mechanisms underlying social cognitive processes has been of considerable interest to psychologists and neuroscientists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1518834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309617PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Seeing is believing: Early perceptual brain processes are modified by social feedback.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Aug 23:1-11. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a School of Psychology , University of Queensland , Brisbane , Australia.

Over 6 decades ago, experimental evidence from social psychology revealed that individuals could alter their responses in perceptual judgement tasks if they differed from the prevailing view emitted by a group of peers. Responses were thus modulated to agree with the opinion of the social group. An open question remains whether such changes actually reflect modified perception, or whether they are simply the result of a feigned agreement, indicating submissive acceptance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1511470DOI Listing
August 2018
12 Reads
2.873 Impact Factor

Exploring the role of self/other perspective-shifting in theory of mind with behavioural and EEG measures.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Aug 27:1-15. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

a School of Psychology & Neuroscience , University of St Andrews , St Andrews , UK.

Theory of Mind (ToM) refers to the ability to compute and attribute mental states to oneself and other people. This study sought to assess the extent of differentiation between "Self" and "Other" in ToM processes, and, of particular importance, the key role of perspective-shifting between "Self" and "Other". Utilizing a newly established false-belief paradigm in a matched design, healthy adult participants completed the task whilst behavioural measures (response times, error rates) and electrophysiological (EEG) recordings were taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1514324DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Culture and neuroscience: How Japanese and European Canadians process social context in close and acquaintance relationships.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Aug 20:1-15. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

a Department of Psychology , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Canada.

Recent cultural psychology findings suggest that social orientation affects neural social attention. Whereas independent cultures process people as separate from social context, interdependent cultures process people as dependent on social context. This research expands upon these findings, investigating what role culture plays in people's neural processing of social context for two relationship contexts, close and acquaintance relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1511471DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

An electrophysiological index of outcome evaluation that may influence subsequent cooperation and aggression strategies.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jul 23:1-14. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

a Department of Psychology , Ningbo University , Ningbo , China.

Human social decision-making is significantly modulated by previous decision outcomes. Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we examined whether ERP components evoked by outcome feedback could serve as electrophysiological indices to examine the influence of current outcome evaluation on subsequent cooperative or aggressive decision-making. Thirty-four adult volunteers participated in a social game task, in which they were asked to choose between cooperation and aggression with an opponent player. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1488766DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

The promise of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in autism research: What do we know and where do we go?

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jul 21:1-14. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

a School of Psychiatry , University of New South Wales , Sydney , Australia.

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neuroimaging technique that has been gaining increasing interest as a method to investigate the brain function of individuals on the autism spectrum. It is a non-invasive, portable and relatively motion-tolerant method of measuring haemodynamic activity in the brain. fNIRS can be particularly effective for quantifying brain function in challenging clinical populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1497701DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Reducing reward responsivity and daily food desires in female dieters through domain-specific training.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jul 20:1-14. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , Dartmouth College , Hanover , NH.

According to the strength model, self-regulation relies on a domain-general capacity that may be strengthened by training. From this perspective, training self-regulation in one domain may transfer to other domains. Here we used two inhibitory training paradigms, a domain-general and domain-specific stop-signal training task and compared their effects on brain reward activity as well as daily food desires in female dieters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1495667DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Neural signatures of chronic accessibility in parent - adult child attachment bonds.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Aug 20:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

b Department of Human Development , Cornell University , Ithaca , NY , USA.

Some of the closest reciprocal relationships are between parents and their children. As part of the attachment characterizing many parent-child bonds, individuals form mental representations that are chronically accessible and calibrate expectations for future relationships. We predict that there exist unique neural signatures of this chronic accessibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1494037DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Performance monitoring of self and other in a turn-taking piano duet: A dual-EEG study.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jul 9:1-13. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

a Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Department of Music , Stanford University , Stanford , CA , USA.

During joint action tasks, expectations for outcomes of one's own and other's actions are collectively monitored. Recent evidence suggests that trait empathy levels may also influence performance monitoring processes. The present study investigated how outcome expectation and empathy interact during a turn-taking piano duet task, using simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) recording. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1492968DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

White matter correlates of different aspects of facial affect recognition impairment following traumatic brain injury.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jun 28:1-15. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

e Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences , Vanderbilt University Medical Center , Nashville , TN , USA.

Although facial affect recognition deficits are well documented in individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), little research has examined the neural mechanisms underlying these impairments. Here, we use diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), specifically the scalars fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD), to examine relationships between regional white-matter integrity and two facial affect sub-skills: perceptual affect recognition abilities (measured by an affect matching task) and verbal categorization of facial affect (measured by an affect labeling task). Our results showed that, within the TBI group, higher levels of white-matter integrity in tracts involved in affect recognition (inferior fronto-occipital, inferior longitudinal, and uncinate fasciculi) were associated with better performance on both tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1489302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372351PMC
June 2018
1 Read

The time course of neural responses to social versus non-social unfairness in the ultimatum game.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jul 4:1-11. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

a School of Management , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , China.

The unfairness effects are always the hotspot within social psychology and cognitive neuroscience. However, people's neural responses to social versus non-social unfairness remain under-researched, especially about temporal features. We engaged participants in the Ultimatum Game to respond to human and computer proposers (representing social and non-social contexts respectively) and recorded their event-related potentials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1486736DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Social domain based modulation of neural responses to threat: The different roles of romantic partners versus friends.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jun 21:1-11. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

b School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences , University of Reading , Reading , UK.

The neural circuitry associated with threat regulation in the absence of other people is well established. An examination of threat regulatory processes with people from different domains of an individual's social world is key to understanding social emotion regulation and personality functioning conceptualised as social domain organisation. In this study, 42 healthy female participants completed functional magnetic imaging sessions in which they underwent a scan in the presence of a romantic partner or friend, whilst completing a threat of shock task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1486735DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Structural brain differences in emotional processing and regulation areas between male batterers and other criminals: A preliminary study.

Soc Neurosci 2018 May 31:1-8. Epub 2018 May 31.

a The Brain, Mind and Behavior Research Center at University of Granada (CIMCYC-UGR) , Granada , Spain.

Poor emotion processing is thought to influence violent behaviors among male batterers in abusive relationships. Nevertheless, little is known about the neural mechanisms of emotion processing in this population. With the objective of better understanding brain structure and its relation to emotion processing in male batterers, the present study compares the cortical grey matter thickness of male batterers to that of other criminals in brain areas related to emotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1481882DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

A social neuroscience approach to conflict resolution: Dialogue intervention to Israeli and Palestinian youth impacts oxytocin and empathy.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Jun 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

b Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology , Interdisciplinary Center , Herzlia , Isreal.

The rapid increase in terror-related activities, shift of battlefield into civilian locations, and participation of youth in acts of violence underscore the need to find novel frameworks for youth interventions. Building on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and social neuroscience models we developed an eight-week dialogue group-intervention for youth growing up amidst intractable conflict. Eighty-eight Israeli-Jewish and Arab-Palestinian adolescents (16-18years) were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1479983DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Immediate early gene activation throughout the brain is associated with dynamic changes in social context.

Soc Neurosci 2018 May 31:1-13. Epub 2018 May 31.

a Department of Psychology , Columbia University , New York , NY , USA.

Social competence is dependent on successful processing of social context information. The social opportunity paradigm is a methodology in which dynamic shifts in social context are induced through removal of the alpha male in a dominance hierarchy, leading to rapid ascent in the hierarchy of the beta male and of other subordinate males in the social group. In the current study, we use the social opportunity paradigm to determine what brain regions respond to this dynamic change in social context, allowing an individual to recognize the absence of the alpha male and subsequently perform status-appropriate social behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1479303DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Neural representations of others in the medial prefrontal cortex do not depend on our knowledge about them.

Soc Neurosci 2018 May 7:1-14. Epub 2018 May 7.

a Pyschology , Vrije Universiteit Brussel , Brussel , Belgium.

Earlier neuroimaging studies on social inferences applying repetition suppression indicated that psychological entities of persons are represented in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). These representations were identified by suppression of activation in neural populations after repetition of the same persons, and are interpreted as abstract summary representations for the repeated social entity. However, an alternative explanation might be that suppression for persons does not reflect the representation of a person as such, but rather some degree of knowledge about this person. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1472139DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

The brain, self and society: a social-neuroscience model of predictive processing.

Soc Neurosci 2018 May 10:1-11. Epub 2018 May 10.

d Department of Psychiatry , University of Cambridge , Cambridge , UK.

This paper presents a hypothesis about how social interactions shape and influence predictive processing in the brain. The paper integrates concepts from neuroscience and sociology where a gulf presently exists between the ways that each describe the same phenomenon - how the social world is engaged with by thinking humans. We combine the concepts of predictive processing models (also called predictive coding models in the neuroscience literature) with ideal types, typifications and social practice - concepts from the sociological literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1471003DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads
2.870 Impact Factor

Influence of anxiety and alexithymia on brain activations associated with the perception of others' pain in autism.

Soc Neurosci 2018 May 7:1-19. Epub 2018 May 7.

a MGH/Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.

The circumstances under which empathy is altered in ASD remain unclear, as previous studies did not systematically find differences in brain activation between ASD and controls in empathy-eliciting paradigms, and did not always monitor whether differences were primarily due to ASD "per se", or to conditions overlapping with ASD, such as alexithymia and anxiety. Here, we collected fMRI data from 47 participants (22 ASD) viewing pictures depicting hands and feet of unknown others in painful, disgusting, or neutral situations. We computed brain activity for painful and disgusting stimuli (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1468358DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Neural processing of gendered information is more robustly associated with mothers' gendered communication with children than mothers' implicit and explicit gender stereotypes.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Apr 26:1-13. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

c Department of Social, Health and Organisational Psychology , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Processes like gender socialization (the ways in which parents convey information to their children about how girls and boys should behave) often happen unconsciously and might therefore be studied best with neuroscientific measures. We examined whether neural processing of gender-stereotype-congruent and incongruent information is more robustly related to mothers' gendered socialization of their child than mothers' implicit and explicit gender stereotypes. To this end, we examined event-related potentials (ERPs) of mothers (N = 35) completing an implicit gender-stereotype task and mothers' gender stereotypes in relation to observed gendered communication with their child (2-6 years old) in a naturalistic picture-book-reading setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1468357DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Hot utilitarianism and cold deontology: Insights from a response patterns approach to sacrificial and real world dilemmas.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 18;14(2):125-135. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

a Department of Philosophy , Universidad Nacional de Colombia , Bogotá , Colombia.

Research on moral judgment with moral dilemmas suggests that "utilitarian" responses (UR) to sacrificial high-conflict dilemmas are due to decreased harm aversion, not only in individuals with clinical conditions, but also in healthy participants with high scores in antisocial personality traits. We investigated the patterns of responses to different dilemma types in healthy participants and present evidence that some URs to sacrificial dilemmas are morally motivated, as indicated by their empathic concern (EC) or primary psychopathy (PP) scores. In study 1 (N = 230) we tested students with four categories of sacrificial dilemmas featuring innocent victims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1464945DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) targeting the left inferior frontal gyrus: Effects on creativity across cultures.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Apr 16:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

a Department of Psychology , University of Haifa , Haifa , Israel.

Although evidence points to the existence of cultural differences in creativity, the mechanisms that underlie these differences are largely unknown. The twofold model of creativity posits two recursive stages: a generation phase and an evaluation phase. Considering that recent studies suggest that the left inferior frontal gyrus) L-IFG(may inhibit creativity during the evaluation phase, we hypothesized that manipulating IFG activity would affect participants' level of creativity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1464505DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Social priming modulates the neural response to ostracism: a new exploratory approach.

Authors:
Caitlin M Hudac

Soc Neurosci 2018 Apr 16:1-15. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.

The present study sought to evaluate whether social priming modulates neural responses to ostracism, such that making arbitrary interpersonal decisions increases the experience of social exclusion more than making arbitrary physical decisions. This exploratory event-related potential (ERP) study utilized the Lunchroom task, in which adults (N = 28) first selected one of two options that included either interpersonal or physical descriptors. Participants then received ostracism outcome feedback within a lunchroom scenario in which they were either excluded (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1463926DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Empathic responses are reduced to competitive but not non-competitive outgroups.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Apr 18:1-14. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

a School of Psychology , University of Exeter , Exeter , UK.

Individuals feel more empathy for those in their group (i.e. ingroup members) than those who are not (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1463927DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

Probing culture in the head: the neural correlates of relational models.

Soc Neurosci 2018 12 3;13(6):648-666. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

b Center for Advanced Study of Language , University of Maryland , College Park , Maryland , USA.

Relational Models Theory or RMT proposes that there are four universal ways in which socio-economic relations can be organized. According to the RMT, each of its four relational models (Communal Sharing, Authority Ranking, Equality Matching, and Market Pricing) is associated with a distinct cognitive representation, with a cumulative pattern in which each relational model is a superset of the next lower model. This report for the first time uses a combination of cognitive and the social neuroscience to put this model to the test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1459313DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Social transfer of alcohol withdrawal-induced hyperalgesia in female prairie voles.

Soc Neurosci 2018 12 27;13(6):710-717. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

a Department of Behavioral Neuroscience , Oregon Health and Science University , Portland , OR , USA.

The expression of pain serves as a way for animals to communicate potential dangers to nearby conspecifics. Recent research demonstrated that mice undergoing alcohol or morphine withdrawal, or inflammation, could socially communicate their hyperalgesia to nearby mice. However, it is unknown whether such social transfer of hyperalgesia can be observed in other species of rodents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1456957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298945PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Neural networks supporting social evaluation of bodies based on body shape.

Soc Neurosci 2018 Mar 13:1-17. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

a Wales Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology , Bangor University , Bangor , Gwynedd , Wales, UK.

Body shape cues inferences regarding personality and health, but the neural processes underpinning such inferences remain poorly understood. Across two fMRI experiments, we test the extent to which neural networks associated with body perception and theory-of-mind (ToM) support social inferences based on body shape. Participants observed obese, muscular, and slim bodies that cued distinct social inferences as revealed in behavioural pilot experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1448888DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

An fMRI study of loneliness in younger and older adults.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 28;14(2):136-148. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

a Department of Psychology , Stony Brook University , Stony Brook , NY , USA.

Loneliness, the subjective experience of social isolation, may reflect, in part, underlying neural processing of social signals. Aging may exacerbate loneliness due to decreased social networks and increased social isolation, or it may reduce loneliness due to preferential attentional processing of positive information and increased interactions with emotionally close partners. Here, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of loneliness in younger (N = 50, 26 female, M = 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1445027DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Negative emotional face perception is diminished on a very early level of processing in autism spectrum disorder.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 22;14(2):191-194. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

a Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Center for Integrative Psychiatry , University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein , Kiel , Germany.

Deficits in facial affect recognition (FAR) are often reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to inappropriate visual search strategies. It is unclear, however, whether or not deficits in subliminal FAR are still present in autism when visual focus is controlled. Thirteen persons with ASD and 13 healthy participants took part in this experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1441904DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Childhood emotional invalidation and right hemispheric mu suppression during a pain empathy task: An EEG study.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 4;14(2):236-250. Epub 2018 Mar 4.

a Department of Psychology , University of South Carolina Aiken , Aiken , SC , USA.

Empathy is a critical aspect of social behavior, and impairment in empathic processing is linked to hindered social interactions and several disorders. Despite much interest in this topic, our understanding of the developmental and neural involvement for empathic processing is limited. Recent evidence suggests the Mirror Neuron System (MNS) may play a role in this behavior, and that mu rhythm suppression found over the sensorimotor cortices may be a proxy for the MNS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1441905DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 7;14(2):251. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1437883DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Alpha suppression over parietal electrode sites predicts decisions to trust.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 31;14(2):226-235. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

a Department of Psychology , Arizona State University , Tempe , USA.

Decisions to trust help form the basis of relationships and society yet little is known about their neurophysiology. We told participants they were playing a coin toss game with a trustworthy and an untrustworthy person and measured their neural activity with EEG as they decided whether to trust those fictitious interaction partners. Target people ostensibly correctly reported the outcome of a coin toss on 66% of trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1433717DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Comparison of visual and auditory emotion recognition in patients with cerebellar and Parkinson´s disease.

Soc Neurosci 2019 Apr 15;14(2):195-207. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

f Psychiatry, School of Medicine , University of Tasmania , Hobart , Australia.

Widespread cortical-subcortical networks are involved in the recognition and discrimination of emotional contents of facial and vocal expression, whereby the cerebellum and basal ganglia are two subcortical regions implicated in these networks with limited evidence to their specific contributions. To investigate this we compared patients with circumscribed cerebellar lesions and patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) on an approved test battery. We studied two groups with subcortical disease, focal cerebellar infarction (n = 22) and PD (n = 22), and a neurological control group with focal supratentorial ischemia (SI) (n = 16) were. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2018.1434089DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads