809,897 results match your criteria Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience [Journal]


Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 3;128:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Study Design: Toddlers born extremely preterm (gestational ages 22 0/7 to 26 6/7 weeks) were tested at 22-26 months corrected age with Bayley-III while parents completed the CBCL. Socio-demographic variables and medical history were recorded. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

An approach to the implementation of Low Impact Development measures towards an EcoCampus classification.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:654-659. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ECT-School of Science and Technology, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro UTAD, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal; Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

Impervious cover has important hydrologic impacts, namely the increased runoff volume and peak discharges in the rainwater network, which can lead to significant consequences like rapid urban floods with social, environmental and economic implications. LID (Low Impact Development) consist of distributed runoff management measures, like green roofs, pervious pavements, waterways covered with vegetation and filter trails, among others, that seek to control stormwater in the origin, reducing imperviousness. These solutions avoid increased runoff rate and volume, increase infiltration and groundwater recharge. Read More

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December 2018

Socioeconomic differences among resident, users and neighbour populations of a protected area in the Brazilian dry forest.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:607-614. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido, Av. Francisco Mota, 572, Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Electronic address:

Protected areas are an important strategy to safeguard biodiversity. However, if social development is not considered, biological conservation targets may not be achieved. In this empirical study, we assess the relationship between poverty and conservation goals in dry forests within a 62,000-ha Brazilian National Park (Caatinga biome). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Longer schooling but not better off? A quasi-experimental study of the effect of compulsory schooling on biomarkers in France.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Nov 23;220:379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, 205 East 42nd Street, New York, NY, 10017, USA.

Less schooling is associated with increased biological risks for chronic disease, but whether increasing years of schooling through policy interventions reduces these risks remains unclear. We examine the effect of a major education reform introduced in 1959 that raised the minimum school leaving age from 14 to 16 years in France, offering a unique natural experiment. We assess the causal impact of increased schooling duration on 16 biomarkers of cardiovascular, metabolic, organ and immune function in a large cohort of men and women born around 1953. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

It can be beautiful or destructive: Street-involved youth's perceptions of their romantic relationships and resilience.

J Adolesc 2018 Dec 3;70:43-52. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

York University, 5022 TEL, 4700 Keele St., Toronto ON, M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study examined romantic relationships among street-involved youth through the overlapping perspectives of resilience, attachment and social bonding. The main goal was to assess how youth understand their romantic attachment bonds as supporting or undermining resilience. While there are qualitative reports on how the social relationships of street-involved youth are linked to resilience, romantic relationships have yet to be differentiated with regard to resilience. Read More

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December 2018

Online behavior of people visiting a scientific website on epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:79-83. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

'Sapienza' University of Rome, Human Neuroscience Department, Rome, Italy.

We investigated the online behavior of Internet users consulting the website of the Italian Chapter of the International League Against Epilepsy (Lega Italiana Contro l'Epilessia [LICE]). We obtained the visualization statistics of the LICE website using AWStats (https://awstats.sourceforge. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Social support and second trimester depression.

Midwifery 2018 Nov 23;69:158-162. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Nursing Department of Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No.2699, West Gaoke Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201204, China.

Background: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disease during and after pregnancy (Aktas and Yesilcicek, 2015). Social supportive system (SSS) serves to protect against the development of depressive symptoms (Moshki and Cheravi, 2016). The mitigating effect of SSS on depression among expectant Chinese women is unclear. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 26;130(1):111-121. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University, Togo Salmon Hall 513, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; ARiEAL Research Centre, McMaster University, L.R. Wilson Hall, 1280 Main Street, West Hamilton, ON L8S 4M2, Canada; School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, ETB-406, 1280 Main St., West Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada; MaRS Centre, Vector Institute, Canada; McMaster University, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Recent studies demonstrate that sports-related concussions can have negative consequences on long-term brain health. The goal of the present study was to determine whether retired Canadian Football League (CFL) athletes with a history of concussions exhibit alterations in neurocognitive functioning, along with changes in physical, social, and psychological health.

Methods: Our study compared nineteen retired CFL athletes' concussion histories to eighteen healthy age-matched controls with no history of concussion. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia: Findings from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Nov 26;81:74-83. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence Based Practice, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Malaysia has an increasingly aging population. Despite the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Malaysian population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia and its correlates. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Proteomic analysis of olfactory bulb suggests CACNA1E as a promoter of CREB signaling in microbiota-induced depression.

J Proteomics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Neuroscience and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China. Electronic address:

Major depressive disorders impact approximately 17% of the population worldwide, whose high morbidity and considerable adversity have resulted in enormous social and economic burden. In addition, clinically depressed patients often show reduced volume of olfactory bulb (OB) and decreased olfactory sensitivity. Although mounting evidence conveyed that the gut microbiota may implicate the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) via the microbe-gut-brain axis, knowledge about its distinctive molecular mechanism is rudimentary. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Implication of nigral dopaminergic lesion and repeated L-dopa exposure in neuropsychiatric symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Biotrial Pharmacology, 7-9 rue Jean-Louis Bertrand, 35042, Rennes, France.

This study aims to investigate the contribution of nigral dopaminergic (DA) cell loss, repeated exposure to DA medication and the combination of both to the development of neuropsychiatric symptoms observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). A bilateral 6-OHDA lesion of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) was performed in rats. A set of animals was repeatedly administered with L-dopa (20 mg/kg/day) and benserazide (5 mg/kg/day) over 10 days starting from day 11 post-lesion. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Social context-dependent singing alters molecular markers of dopaminergic and glutamatergic signaling in finch basal ganglia Area X.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Program in Neuroscience, University of Arizona, Gould-Simpson Building, Tucson, AZ, 85721, United States; Department of Neuroscience, University of Arizona, Gould-Simpson Building, Tucson, AZ. 85721, United States; Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona, Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences Building, Tucson, AZ, 85721, United States. Electronic address:

Dopamine (DA) is an important neuromodulator of motor control across species. In zebra finches, DA levels vary in song nucleus Area X depending upon social context. DA levels are high and song output is less variable when a male finch sings to a female (female directed, FD) compared to when he is singing by himself (undirected, UD). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

22kHz and 55kHz ultrasonic vocalizations differentially influence neural and behavioral outcomes: Implications for modeling anxiety via auditory stimuli in the rat.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Developmental Neuropsychobiology Lab, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave NI125, Boston, MA, 02115, United States. Electronic address:

The communicative role of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in rats is well established, with distinct USVs indicative of different affective states. USVs in the 22 kHz range are typically emitted by adult rats when in anxiety- or fear-provoking situations (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal and paternal origin differentially affect prosocial behavior and neural mechanisms in prairie voles.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Biology and Integrated Bioscience Program, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, 44325, United States; Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, 79968, United States.

This study tested the hypotheses that maternal and paternal effects differentially influence expression of their offspring's adult behavior and underlying neural mechanisms. We predicted that maternal influences would be greater than paternal influences on male offspring. We tested these hypotheses by cross-breeding two phenotypically-, behaviorally- and neuroanatomically-distinct populations of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) from Illinois, which are highly prosocial, and Kansas, which are significantly less prosocial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Gene polymorphisms of angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensinogen and risk of idiopathic ischemic stroke.

Gene 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Trombosis, Hemostasia y Aterogénesis, H.G.R. No 1. Dr. "Carlos Mac Gregor Sánchez Navarro" Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Gabriel Mancera No. 222, Colonia Del Valle, CP 03100 Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Objective: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a hormonal signaling mechanism implicated in the atherosclerosis and regulation of blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) a key enzyme in the RAS, plays important roles in vascular remodeling atherosclerosis, and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the possible contribution of the I/D in the ACE gene, M235T and T174M in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke in young Mexican population. Read More

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December 2018
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Daily energy expenditure of males following alternative reproductive tactics: Solitary roamers spend more energy than group-living males.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS, 2050 Johannesburg, South Africa; IPHC, UNISTRA, CNRS, 23 rue du Loess, 67200 Strasbourg, France.

In many species, males follow alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs), where one tactic (called bourgeois) has much higher reproductive success than alternative tactics followed by males with lower competitive ability. The extent to which ARTs differ in energetic costs is unknown, but it is important to understand the fitness payoffs of ARTs. We studied male African striped mice (Rhabdomys pumilio) which follow one of three ARTs: heavy bourgeois males defend harems of females and have 10 times higher reproductive success than smaller roamers, which have ten times higher reproductive success than philopatric males, which remain in their natal group and are the smallest males. Read More

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December 2018

Sex differences in stress reactivity after intranasal oxytocin in recreational cannabis users.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States of America; Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States of America.

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drugs and the changing legal, political and cultural climate will likely increase cannabis use further. One factor that may underlie the transition from recreational use to problematic use is stress. The hormone oxytocin (OXT) modulates stress and may have therapeutic efficacy for substance use disorders, but few studies have examined OXT in cannabis users. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Race and income moderate the association between depressive symptoms and obesity.

Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.

Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Economic cost of malaria at household in high and low transmission areas of central India.

Authors:
Mrigendra Singh

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Unit Jablpur, Epidemiology, ICMR-NIRTH Campus, Nagpur Road, 482003, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The cost burden of malaria at the household level, resulting from complex social, economic, and epidemiological factors, is enormous. This study was carried out to estimate the economic burden of malaria at the household level in low and high malaria transmission areas of central India. We conducted surveys with households in which at least one member had suffered from malaria in the three months preceding the survey. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Healthcare Providers' Advice on Lifestyle Modification in the US Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, 2210-2nd Street SW, Box ACB, Calgary, AB, T2S 3C3, Canada; Preventive Oncology & Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Read More

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December 2018

Peri-Procedural Antithrombotic Management from a Patient Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Center for Bioethics and Social Science in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Frankel Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address:

Background: Peri-procedural antithrombotic medication management is a complex, often confusing process for patients and their providers. Communication difficulties often lead to suboptimal medication management resulting in delayed or cancelled procedures.

Methods: We conducted telephone surveys with patients taking chronic antithrombotic medications who had recently undergone an endoscopy procedure. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Writing in Public Health: A New Program From the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 6:33354918813106. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

3 Association of American Colleges & Universities, Washington, DC, USA.

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December 2018

Zika transmission ways, can it be transmitted from person to person?

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):410-413. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital General de Zona No. 71, Departamento de Medicina Interna. Veracruz, Veracruz, México

In this article we describe the main transmission mechanisms of the Zika virus, from those already known, such as zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission of the virus, perinatal, occupational transmission, by blood products and by sexual contact. Given the possibility of person-to-person transmission, some measures of attention are proposed as the necessary studies are advanced to confirm or discard it. Read More

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November 2018

Pharmacological treatment of obesity

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):395-409. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Especialidades “Dr. Bernardo Sepúlveda Gutiérrez”, Unidad de Investigación Médica en Endocrinología Experimental. Ciudad de México, México

More than 70% of the population in Mexico is overweight or obese, affecting mainly people in productive age. Obesity is associated with the development of diseases that increase cardiovascular risk (diabetes mellitus, hypertension or atherogenic dyslipidemia), diseases that limit the quality of life of the patient (osteoarthrosis or sleep apnea) and even with the increase in the incidence of certain types of cancer (breast or colon). It is evident that the decrease of at least 5% of body weight induces improvement in all these factors; however, in some patients it is difficult to achieve this goal only with lifestyle modifications. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of expectant treatment of severe preeclampsia

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia No. 3 “Dr. Víctor Manuel Espinoza de los Reyes Sánchez”, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Ciudad de México, México

Background: In severe preeclampsia (SP), pregnancy interruption is the first recommendation. However, some patients receive expectant treatment.

Objetive: To determine maternal and perinatal results of expectant treatment of SP in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a high-specialty hospital. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Cost of medical attention in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):371-378. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud. Querétaro, Querétaro, México

Background: The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a preventable entity, when it develops the patient suffers severe complications, with a high economic impact for the patient and for health services.

Objetive: To determine the cost of medical care in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Methods: Using a cost design, the files of patients with COPD who attended the pulmonology clinic were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

[Syndrome of vertebral destruction: understanding to practice].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):182-187

Hospital Centro Médico de Occidente. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Guadalajara, Jalisco. México.

The term «vertebral destruction syndrome» comprises pathologies causing structural changes in the spine, mainly in the vertebral body, producing mechanical deformity and neurological involvement. The pathologies found in this definition may be infectious, metabolic or tumoral. Vertebral osteomyelitis is a disease that occurs mainly in adults > 50 years; we speak of spondylodiscitis when the condition affects the disc and vertebral body. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Chinese adolescents' power distance value and prosocial behavior toward powerful people: A longitudinal study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208473. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, School of Sociology and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China.

We were interested in how specific cultural value and adolescent social behavior would influence each other over time. Thus the present study explored the longitudinal and bidirectional relations between adolescents' power distance value and prosocial behavior toward powerful people over a year. A sample of 434 Chinese adolescents participated in the investigation (initial mean age = 11. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Health literacy in men and women with cardiovascular diseases and its association with the use of health care services - Results from the population-based GEDA2014/2015-EHIS survey in Germany.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208303. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Health literacy (HL), defined as the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, offers a promising approach to reduce the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and to improve the management of CVD in populations.

Design: We used data from nationwide cross-sectional German Health Update (GEDA2014/2015-EHIS) survey. 13,577 adults ≥ 40 years completed a comprehensive standardized paper or online questionnaire including the short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q16). Read More

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December 2018

Does perceived ostracism contribute to mental health concerns among veterans who have been deployed?

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208438. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, United States of America.

Posttraumatic stress-negative psychological experiences as a result of traumatic stressors-can hinder military veterans' reintegration into society and cause various mental health problems. Veterans need quality social relationships to facilitate reintegration and to cope with posttraumatic stress and related mental health problems; discrimination or other forms of interpersonal rejection can exacerbate these veterans' problems. Ostracism (i. Read More

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December 2018

Citizen Social Lab: A digital platform for human behavior experimentation within a citizen science framework.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207219. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departament d'Enginyeria Informàtica i Matemàtiques, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.

Cooperation is one of the behavioral traits that define human beings, however we are still trying to understand why humans cooperate. Behavioral experiments have been largely conducted to shed light into the mechanisms behind cooperation-and other behavioral traits. However, most of these experiments have been conducted in laboratories with highly controlled experimental protocols but with limitations in terms of subject pool or decisions' context, which limits the reproducibility and the generalization of the results obtained. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

'I should not feed such a weak woman'. Intimate partner violence among women living with podoconiosis: A qualitative study in northern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads
3.230 Impact Factor

Prospective patterns of modifiable health risk behaviors and the utilization of healthcare services in the "Health Workers Cohort Study" in Mexico.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208172. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud, Morelos, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Cuernavaca, México.

Introduction: We still lack information about how changes in modifiable health risk behaviors influence the utilization of healthcare services. This study assesses the relationships between prospective patterns of modifiable health risk behaviors and the utilization of healthcare services.

Material And Methods: This was a prospective study among men and women participants in the Health Workers Cohort Study, aged 18 years and older. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 infection among men who have sex with men in Taiwan from 2013 to 2015.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202622. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the major risk population of HIV-1 infection in Taiwan, and its surveillance has become critical in HIV-1 prevention. We recruited MSM subjects from 17 high-risk venues and 4 community centers in northern and southern Taiwan for anonymous HIV-1 screening during 2013-2015. Blood samples were obtained for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis, and a questionnaire survey covering demographic variables and social behavior was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Supportive Care Network: Evaluation of Its Impact on the Performance of a Urology Department.

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):656-660. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Urology and Renal Transplantation Department. Coimbra University Hospital Center. Coimbra. Portugal.

Introduction: Hospitals are dealing with patients who may have clinical discharge but cannot return to their home due to non-medical issues.

Material And Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of all the cases referred to the Integrated Care Network during the year 2016. Evaluation of waiting times, typology, reason for referral and clinical parameters. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The emergence and characteristics of the Australian Mamil.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):490-494

University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.

Background: The Mamil (middle-aged man in Lycra) appears to be an emergent cycling-focused species.

Objectives: To explore the nature and distribution of the Mamilian species; to determine whether rates of cycling by middle-aged men in Australia have changed since the pre-Mamilian era.

Setting: Secondary analysis of representative population-based datasets. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: Australian policy inaction threatens lives.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):474

School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.

Climate plays an important role in human health and it is well established that climate change can have very significant impacts in this regard. In partnership with The Lancet and the MJA, we present the inaugural Australian Countdown assessment of progress on climate change and health. This comprehensive assessment examines 41 indicators across five broad sections: climate change impacts, exposures and vulnerability; adaptation, planning and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cannabinoid exposure and altered DNA methylation in rat and human sperm.

Epigenetics 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Duke University Medical Center , Durham . NC 27705 , USA.

Little is known about the reproductive effects of paternal cannabis exposure. We evaluated associations between cannabis or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exposure and altered DNA methylation in sperm from humans and rats, respectively. DNA methylation, measured by reduced representation bisulfite sequencing, differed in the sperm of human users from non-users by at least 10% at 3,979 CpG sites. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

A closer look at the social prescribing phenomenon.

Authors:
Aysha Mendes

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(12):620-621

Freelance journalist specialising in health, psychology and nursing.

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December 2018

Social support, social participation, & depression among caregivers and non-caregivers in Canada: a population health perspective.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Faculty of Health Sciences , Western University , London , Canada.

Objectives: The study used data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging to investigate the relationships among social support (measured as affectionate support, emotional/informational support, positive social interaction, tangible support), social participation and depression in caregivers and non-caregivers.

Method: Hierarchical multiple regression was used to investigate relationships among social support, social participation, and depression. Analyses of variance were used to examine differences in the means of social support, social participation, and depression between the two participant groups. Read More

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December 2018

Application of resilience theories in the transition to parenthood: a scoping review.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2018 Dec 6:1-22. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a School of Psychology , The University of Adelaide , Adelaide , Australia.

Objective: Investigate the use of resilience theories in the transition to parenthood literature.

Background: The transition to parenthood is a key developmental experience for many adults. Resilience is a unifying theoretical concept which incorporates many of the skills and resources linked with the transition to parenthood, but the uptake of resilience theory in this literature is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Addressing social isolation in lower-limb management.

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S38-S39

Consultant Venous Surgeon, Consultant Phlebologist, Whiteley Clinics, London.

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December 2018

Monitoring service quality: Lindsay Leg Club member satisfaction survey.

Authors:
Ellie Lindsay

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S24-S28

OBE FQNI Life President, Lindsay Leg Club Foundation.

The Lindsay Leg Club network is a research-based initiative that provides treatment, health guidance, education and ongoing care for people of all age groups who are experiencing lower limb-related problems. Leg Club clinicians work in a unique partnership with patients (known as 'members') and the local community. Working to current best-practice guidelines, they provide a high standard of care in a social and friendly setting that promotes understanding, peer support and informed choice. Read More

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December 2018

Social prescribing and the Lindsay Leg Club model of care.

Authors:
David Foster

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S42

Chairman, Lindsay Leg Club Foundation.

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December 2018

Brachial and uterine arteries Doppler in healthy women and with preeclampsia

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):360-363. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Gineco Obstetricia No. 4 "Luis Castelazo Ayala", División de Investigación en Salud. Ciudad de México, México

Objective: To compare the Doppler ultrasound parameters of the uterine and brachial arteries, between healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with preeclampsia.

Methods: 102 pregnant women were studied in the third trimester, group I 83 healthy women and group II 19 patients with severe preeclampsia. All of them underwent Doppler ultrasound of the uterine arteries, measuring the pulsatility index (PI) and determining the presence of proto-diastolic notch. Read More

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November 2018

Updates in the correlation of electroneuromyographic findings in diabetic polyneuropathy

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):354-359. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación Norte “Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez”, Curso de especialidad médica en Medicina de Rehabilitación. Ciudad de México, México

Background: The diabetic neuropathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. The reported prevalence ranges from 10-90%. Electrophysiological alterations can be demonstrated in nearly 100% of diabetics. Read More

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November 2018
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