1,528 results match your criteria Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience [Journal]


Contextual knowledge provided by a movie biases implicit perception of the protagonist.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University, Finland.

We are constantly categorizing other people as belonging to our in-group ("one of us") or out-group ("one of them"). Such grouping occurs fast and automatically and can be based on others' visible characteristics such as skin color or clothing style. Here we studied neural underpinnings of implicit social grouping not often visible on the face, male sexual orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz028DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Naltrexone alters responses to social and physical warmth: implications for social bonding.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry.

Socially warm experiences, when one feels connected to others, have been linked with physical warmth. Opioids, hypothesized to support social bonding with close others and, separately, physical warmth, may underlie both experiences. In order to test this hypothesis, 80 participants were randomly assigned to the opioid antagonist, naltrexone or placebo before neural and emotional responses to social and physical warmth were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz026DOI Listing

Modulation of face- and emotion-selective ERPs by the three most common types of face image manipulations.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute of Medical Psychology and Systems Neuroscience, University of Muenster.

In neuroscientific studies, the naturalness of face presentation differs:A third of published studies makes use of close-up full coloured faces, a third uses close-up grey-scaled faces, and another third employscutout grey-scaled faces.Whether and how these methodological choices affectemotion-sensitive components of the event-related brain potentials (ERP) is yet unclear.Therefore, this preregistered study examinedERP modulations to close-up full-coloured and grey-scaled faces as well as cutout fearful and neutral facial expressions, while attention was directed to no-face oddballs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz027DOI Listing

Effects of opioid receptor stimulation and blockade on touch pleasantness: a double-blind randomised trial.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

University of Oslo, Psychology.

The mu-opioid receptor (MOR) system has long been thought to underpin the rewarding properties of pleasant touch. Numerous non-human animal studies implicate MORs in social behaviours involving touch, but little is currently known about MOR involvement in human touch reward. Here, we employed a bi-directional pharmacological double-blind crossover design to assess the role of the human MOR system for touch pleasantness and motivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz022DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Neural responses for evaluating self and mother traits in adolescence depend on mother-adolescent relationships.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

An important task in adolescence is to achieve autonomy, while preserving a positive relationship with parents. Previous fMRI-studies showed largely overlapping activation in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) for evaluating self and close-other traits, but separable activation for self and non-close other. Possibly, more similar mPFC activation reflects closeness or warmth in relationships. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz023DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Loneliness and meaning in life are reflected in the intrinsic network architecture of the brain.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Montreal Neurological Institute, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Social relationships imbue life with meaning, whereas loneliness diminishes the sense of meaning in life. Yet the extent of interdependence between these psychological constructs remains poorly understood. Loneliness and meaning are associated with different patterns of functional connectivity; however, no studies have investigated this directly. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz021DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Surprise-Related Activation in the Nucleus Accumbens Interacts with Music-Induced Pleasantness.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Musicology Department, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 9190501, Israel.

How can music - merely a stream of sounds - be enjoyable for so many people? Recent accounts of this phenomenon are inspired by predictive coding models, hypothesizing that both confirmation and violations of musical expectations associate with the hedonic response to music via recruitment of the mesolimbic system and its connections with the auditory cortex. Here we provide support for this model, by revealing associations of music-induced pleasantness with musical surprises in the activity and connectivity patterns of the Nucleus-Accumbens (NAcc) - a central component of the mesolimbic system. We examined neurobehavioral responses to surprises in three naturalistic musical pieces using fMRI and subjective ratings of valence and arousal. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz019DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Connectome-based individualized prediction of loneliness.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Neuroscience, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.

Loneliness is an increasingly prevalent condition linking with enhanced morbidity and premature mortality. Despite recent proposal on medicalization of loneliness, so far no effort has been made to establish a model capable of predicting loneliness at the individual level. Here, we applied a machine learning approach to decode loneliness from whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz020DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
7.372 Impact Factor

Moral identity relates to the neural processing of third-party moral behavior.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Developmental Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich.

Moral identity, or moral self, is the degree to which being moral is important to a person's self-concept. It is hypothesized to be the "missing link" between moral judgment and moral action. However, its cognitive and psychophysiological mechanisms are still subject to debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz016DOI Listing

Cortical morphometry of the five-factor model of personality: Findings from the Human Connectome Project full sample.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602, USA.

This study is a replication of an existing large study (N = 507) on the surface-based morphometric correlates of Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits. The same methods were used as the original study in another large sample drawn from the same population (N = 597) with results then being aggregated from both samples (N = 1104), providing the largest investigation into the neuroanatomical correlates of FFM personality traits to date. Clusters of association between brain morphometry and each FFM trait are reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz017DOI Listing

Exploring The Neural Basis For Paternal Protection: An Investigation of the Neural Response to Infants in Danger.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Perceiving potential threat to an infant and responding to it is crucial for offspring survival and parent-child bonding. Using a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging and multi-informant reports, this longitudinal study explores the neural basis for paternal responses to threat to infants prenatally (N = 21) and early postnatally (n = 17). Participants viewed videos showing an infant in danger and matched control videos, while instructed to imagine that the infant was their own or someone else's. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz018DOI Listing

Intensity of affective experience is modulated by magnitude of intracranial electrical stimulation in human orbitofrontal, cingulate, and insular cortex.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, U.S.A.

The subjective and behavioral effects of intracranial electrical stimulation (iES) have been studied for decades, but there is a knowledge gap regarding the relationship between the magnitude of electric current and the type, intensity, and valence of evoked subjective experiences. We report on rare iES data from 18 neurosurgical patients with implanted intracranial electrodes in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), the insula (INS), and the anterior portion of cingulate cortex (ACC). ACC stimulation elicited somatic and visceral sensations, whereas OFC stimulation predominantly elicited olfactory and gustatory responses, and INS stimulation elicited a mix of effects involving somatic and visceral sensations, olfaction, and gustation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz015DOI Listing

A role for the medial temporal lobe subsystem in guiding prosociality: the effect of episodic processes on willingness to help others.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA.

Why are we willing to help others? Recent behavioral work on episodic processes (i.e., the ability to represent an event that is specific in time and place) suggests that imagining and remembering scenes of helping a person in need increases intentions to help. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Intrinsic default-executive coupling of the creative aging brain.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):291-303

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario Canada.

Creativity refers to the ability to generate novel associations and has been linked to better problem-solving and real-world functional abilities. In younger adults, creative cognition has been associated with functional connectivity among brain networks implicated in executive control [fronto-parietal network (FPN) and salience network (SN)] and associative or elaborative processing default network (DN). Here, we investigate whether creativity is associated with the intrinsic network architecture of the brain and how these associations may differ for younger and older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399613PMC

Linking personality and brain anatomy: a structural MRI approach to Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):329-338

Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging, Jaume I University, Castellón, Spain.

Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) proposes a widely used taxonomy of human personality linked to individual differences at both behavioral and neuropsychological levels that describe a predisposition to psychopathology. However, the body of RST research was based on animal findings, and little is known about their anatomical correspondence in humans. Here we set out to investigate MRI structural correlates (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399605PMC
March 2019
1 Read

When do we fall in neural synchrony with others?

Authors:
Kelong Lu Ning Hao

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):253-261

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

This study aimed to investigate the situation in which interpersonal brain synchronization (IBS) occurs during a collaborative task and examined its trajectory over time by developing a novel functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)-based hyperscanning paradigm. Participants were asked to perform a collaborative task in three-person groups where two of the members are real participants and one is a confederate. Compared to dyads between real participants and confederates, real-participant pairings showed greater cooperation behavior and IBS between bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413689PMC

Magnocellular and parvocellular pathway contributions to facial threat cue processing.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA.

Human faces evolved to signal emotions, with their meaning contextualized by eye gaze. For instance, a fearful expression paired with averted gaze clearly signals both presence of threat and its probable location. Conversely, direct gaze paired with facial fear leaves the source of the fear-evoking threat ambiguous. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382926PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The neurobiology of taboo language processing: fMRI evidence during spoken word production.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):271-279

Faculty of Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Every language has words deemed to be socially inappropriate or 'taboo' to utter. Taboo word production appears prominently in language disorders following brain injury. Yet, we know little about the cognitive and neural mechanisms involved in processing taboo compared to neutral language. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399611PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

An attachment theoretical perspective for the neural representation of close others.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):237-251

Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, Montreal Neurological Institute, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Quebec, Canada.

Recent investigations in neuroscience elucidate the neural basis of close other cognitive representations, which serve functions central to our health and happiness. Yet, there are persistent barriers to this research, including disparate research methods and the absence of a common theoretical background. The present review connects neuroimaging and attachment theory within a novel social, cognitive and affective framework. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399606PMC
March 2019
15 Reads

Neural correlates of social well-being: gray matter density in the orbitofrontal cortex predicts social well-being in emerging adulthood.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):319-327

School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China.

Social well-being reflects the perception of one's social functioning, which plays an important role in physical and psychological health. However, the exact neuroanatomical substrate for social well-being remains unclear. To address the issue, we employed the voxel-based morphometry method to probe the neuroanatomical basis of individual variation in social well-being in young healthy adults (n = 136). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399614PMC

Theta resting EEG in the right TPJ is associated with individual differences in implicit intergroup bias.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):281-289

Institute of Psychology, Department of Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Why are some people more biased than others in their implicit evaluations during social interaction? The dispositional determinants of individual differences in implicit intergroup bias are poorly understood. Here, we explored whether such variability might be explained by stable neural traits. For that purpose, we used the source-localized resting electroencephalograms of 83 members of naturalistic social groups to explain their bias in an in-/outgroup implicit association test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399604PMC

Differential modulation of cognitive control networks by monetary reward and punishment.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):305-317

Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Incentives are primary determinants of if and how well an organism will perform a given behavior. Here, we examined how incentive valence and magnitude influence task switching, a critical cognitive control process, and test the predictions that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the ventral striatum (vStr) function as key nodes linking motivation and control systems in the brain. Our results indicate that reward and punishment incentives have both common and distinct effects on cognitive control at the behavioral and neurobiological levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399610PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Functions of the right DLPFC and right TPJ in proposers and responders in the ultimatum game.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Mar;14(3):263-270

Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Strasse, Salzburg, Austria.

Recent studies explored a network of brain regions involved in economic decision making. The present study focuses on two of those regions, each relevant for specific and distinct functions in economic decision making: the right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) and the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC). In two experiments using transcranial direct current stimulation, we explored two proposed functions of these areas in bargaining situations using the ultimatum game (UG): understanding the others perspective and integration of fairness norms. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399615PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Different Modulation Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin on Resting State Functional Connectivity of the Default Mode Network in Older Adults.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, USA.

The default mode network (DMN) plays an importment role in age-related cognitive decline. This study aims to explore the modulation effect of two mind-body interventions (Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin) on DMN in elderly individuals. Participants between 50 and 70 years old were recruited and randomized into a Tai Chi Chuan, Baduanjin, or control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374601PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Dissecting social interaction: Dual-fMRI reveals patterns of interpersonal brain-behaviour relationships that dissociate among dimensions of social exchange.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Behavioural and Social Neuroscience Research Group, CEITEC - Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, Kamenice 5, Brno, 62500, Czech Republic.

During social interactions, each individual's actions are simultaneously a consequence of and an antecedent to their interaction partner's behaviour. Capturing online the brain processes underlying such mutual dependency requires simultaneous measurements of all interactants' brains during real-world exchange ("hyperscanning"). This demands a precise characterisation of the type of interaction under investigation, however, and analytical techniques capable of capturing interpersonal dependencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374606PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Shared neurocognitive mechanisms of attenuating self-touch and illusory self-touch.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

SAMBA - SpAtial, Motor and Bodily Awareness research group, Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Via Po 14, 10123 Turin, Italy.

Despite the fact that any successful achievement of willed actions necessarily entails the sense of body ownership (the feeling of owning the moving body parts), it is still unclear how this happens. To address this issue at both behavioral and neural level, we capitalized on sensory attenuation phenomenon (a self-generated stimulus is perceived as less intense than an identical externally-generated stimulus). We compared the intensity of somatosensory stimuli produced by one's own intended movements and by movements of an embodied fake hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374605PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Being the chosen one: social inclusion modulates decisions in the ultimatum game. An ERP study.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Aerospace Vehicle Design and Control, National Higher School of Aeronautics and Space, Federal University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.

In the present study, participants played a modified ultimatum game simulating a situation of inclusion/exclusion, in which either the participant or a rival could be selected to play as the responder. This selection was made either randomly by a computer (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374604PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The neural development of prosocial behavior from childhood to adolescence.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 235 E. Cameron Avenue Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, USA.

The transition from childhood to adolescence is marked by increasingly sophisticated social cognitive abilities that are paralleled by significant functional maturation of the brain. However, the role of social and neurobiological development in facilitating age differences in prosocial behavior remains unclear. Using a cross-sectional sample of children and adolescents (n = 51; 8-16 years), we examined the age-related correlates of prosocial behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382927PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A key role for stimulus-specific updating of the sensory cortices in the learning of stimulus-reward associations.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, United States.

Successful adaptive behavior requires the learning of associations between stimulus-specific choices and rewarding outcomes. Most research on the mechanisms underlying such processes has focused on subcortical reward-processing regions, in conjunction with frontal circuits. Given the extensive stimulus-specific coding in the sensory cortices, we hypothesized they would play a key role in the learning of stimulus-specific reward associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374612PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Neurobiological responses in the adolescent striatum to being 'tested'.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):3-12

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1285 Franz Hall, PO Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

While emerging research implicates the striatum in adolescents' ability to learn from feedback, little is known about how motivational contexts, such as emphasizing the evaluative nature of learning tasks, modulate adolescents' striatal learning. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging during a feedback-based learning task, in conjunction with a within-subject evaluative threat manipulation, to determine whether evaluation threat influences behavioral and neural responses to feedback in adolescents. On average, adolescents were less sensitive than adults to the evaluation threat. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318469PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Ongoing Monitoring of Mindwandering in Avoidant Grief Through Cortico-Basal-Ganglia Interactions.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY.

An avoidant grief style is marked by repeated and often unsuccessful attempts to prevent thinking about loss. Prior work shows avoidant grief involves monitoring the external environment in order to avoid reminders of the loss. Here we sought to determine whether avoidant grievers also monitor the internal environment in attempts to minimize conscious awareness of loss-related thoughts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374603PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Clarifying the relationship between mindfulness and executive attention: A combined behavioral and neurophysiological study.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University.

Mindfulness is frequently associated with improved attention. However, the nature of the relationship between mindfulness and executive attention, a core function of the attentional system, is surprisingly unclear. Studies employing behavioral measures of executive attention have been equivocal. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374600PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

Reward improves response inhibition by enhancing attentional capture.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):35-45

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Reward plays a crucial role in enhancing response inhibition. While it is generally assumed that the process of response inhibition involves attentional capture and the stopping of action, it is unclear whether this reflects a direct impact of reward on response inhibition or rather an indirect mediation via attentional capture. Here, we employed a revised stop-signal task (SST) that separated these two cognitive elements, by including a continue signal that required the same motor response as in go trials, but also attention to a cue, as in stop trials. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318467PMC
January 2019
18 Reads

Transcranial stimulation over right inferior frontal gyrus increases the weight given to private information during sequential decision-making.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):59-71

International Business School, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin, China.

Decision makers often follow other similarly situated people in making decisions, creating a sequential decision-making context. Although rational behavior is often to make the same choice as previous decision makers, which can result in an information cascade, people may assign inappropriately higher weight to their own private information and discount public information about predecessors' choices. Recent findings suggest that overweighting private information may be associated with increased activities in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/article/14/1/59/5210929
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318474PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Tracking mood fluctuations with functional network patterns.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):47-57

McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montréal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Subjective mood is a psychophysiological property that depends on complex interactions among the central and peripheral nervous systems. How network interactions in the brain drive temporal fluctuations in mood is unknown. Here we investigate how functional network configuration relates to mood profiles in a single individual over the course of 1 year. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318473PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Learning to see the threat: temporal dynamics of ERPs of motivated attention in fear conditioning.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Social threat detection is important in everyday life. Studies of cortical activity have shown that event-related potentials (ERPs) of motivated attention are modulated during fear conditioning. The time course of motivated attention in learning and extinction of fear is however still largely unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374602PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Increased functional coupling of the left amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex during the perception of communicative point-light stimuli.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):97-107

Independent Max Planck Research Group for Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Interpersonal predictive coding (IPPC) describes the behavioral phenomenon whereby seeing a communicative rather than an individual action helps to discern a masked second agent. As little is known, yet, about the neural correlates of IPPC, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in a group of 27 healthy participants using point-light displays of moving agents embedded in distractors. We discovered that seeing communicative compared to individual actions was associated with higher activation of right superior frontal gyrus, whereas the reversed contrast elicited increased neural activation in an action observation network that was activated during all trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318468PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Reappraisal of incentives ameliorates choking under pressure and is correlated with changes in the neural representations of incentives.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):13-22

Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA.

It has been observed that the performing for high stakes can, paradoxically, lead to uncharacteristically poor performance. Here we investigate a novel approach to attenuating such 'choking under pressure' by instructing participants performing a demanding motor task that rewards successful performance with a monetary gain, to reappraise this incentive as a monetary loss for unsuccessful performance. We show that when participants applied this simple strategy, choking was significantly reduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318472PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Behavioral and functional connectivity basis for peer-influenced bystander participation in bullying.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):23-33

Center for Information and Neural Networks, NICT, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Recent studies have shown that the reactions of bystanders who witness bullying significantly affect whether the bullying persists. However, the underlying behavioral and neural mechanisms that determine a peer-influenced bystander's participation in bullying remain largely unknown. Here, we designed a new 'catch-ball' task where four players choose to throw a sequence of normal or strong (aggressive) balls in turn and examined whether the players (n = 43) participated in other players' bullying. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348439PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Confidence of emotion expression recognition recruits brain regions outside the face perception network.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):81-95

Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Metacognitive beliefs about emotions expressed by others are crucial to social life, yet very little studied. To what extent does our confidence in emotion expression recognition depend on perceptual or other non-perceptual information? We obtained behavioral and magnetic resonance imaging measures while participants judged either the emotion in ambiguous faces or the size of two lines flanking these faces, and then rated their confidence on decision accuracy. Distinct behavioral and neural mechanisms were identified for confidence and perceptual decision in both tasks. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318466PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Endogenous oxytocin response to film scenes of attachment and loss is pronounced in schizophrenia.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):109-117

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Background: Oxytocin (OXT) is critically involved in the regulation of attachment and interpersonal function. In this study, emotional children's movies were used to stimulate OXT secretion in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls (HCs). Furthermore, associations of OXT levels with measures of attachment style (Psychosis Attachment Measure), childhood adversity (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) and symptom severity [Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)] were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318471PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Neural evidence for persistent attentional bias to threats in patients with social anxiety disorder.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1327-1336

Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Does the biased attention toward social threats dwells on or disappears in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD)? We investigated the neural mechanism of attentional bias in terms of attentional capture and holding in SAD. A total of 31 SAD patients and 30 healthy controls performed a continuous performance task detecting the orientation of a red letter 'T' while angry or neutral face distractors appeared or disappeared at the center of the screen. Behaviorally, typical attentional capture effects were found in response to abruptly appearing distractors in both groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277744PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

A drama movie activates brains of holistic and analytical thinkers differentially.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1293-1304

Brain and Mind Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.

People socialized in different cultures differ in their thinking styles. Eastern-culture people view objects more holistically by taking context into account, whereas Western-culture people view objects more analytically by focusing on them at the expense of context. Here we studied whether participants, who have different thinking styles but live within the same culture, exhibit differential brain activity when viewing a drama movie. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277741PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

Early spatial attention deployment toward and away from aggressive voices.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Jan;14(1):73-80

Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l'Education, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Salient vocalizations, especially aggressive voices, are believed to attract attention due to an automatic threat detection system. However, studies assessing the temporal dynamics of auditory spatial attention to aggressive voices are missing. Using event-related potential markers of auditory spatial attention (N2ac and LPCpc), we show that attentional processing of threatening vocal signals is enhanced at two different stages of auditory processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318470PMC
January 2019
28 Reads

Contextual valence modulates the effect of choice on incentive processing.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1249-1258

Department of Psychology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

Previous research has demonstrated that reward-related neural activity is enhanced for choice relative to no-choice opportunities in the gain context. The current event-related potential study examined whether this modulatory effect of choice can be observed in both the gain and the loss contexts across anticipatory and consummatory phases of incentive processing. Thirty-two participants performed a simple choice task during which choices were made either by themselves (a choice condition) or by a computer (a no-choice condition) during a gain context (gain vs nongain) and a loss context (nonloss vs loss). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277738PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Cultural influences on the processing of social comparison feedback signals-an ERP study.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1317-1326

School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, PKU-IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.

This study investigated cultural differences regarding social connectedness in association with social vs non-social comparison feedback. We performed electroencephalography in 54 Chinese and 49 Western adults while they performed a time estimation task in which response-accuracy feedback was either delivered pertaining to participants' own performance (non-social reference frame) or to the performance of a reference group (social reference frame). Trait interdependence and independence were assessed using a cultural orientations questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277742PMC
December 2018
18 Reads

Lasting connectivity increase and anxiety reduction via transcranial alternating current stimulation.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1305-1316

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Growing evidence of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) modulating intrinsic neural oscillations has spawned interest in applying tACS to treat psychiatric disorders associated with aberrant neural oscillations. The alpha rhythmic activity is known to dominate neural oscillations at the awake, restful state, while attenuated resting-state alpha activity has been implicated in anxious mood. Administering repeated alpha-frequency tACS (α-tACS; at individual peak alpha frequency; 8-12 Hz) over four consecutive days (in the experiment group, sham stimulation in the control group), we demonstrated immediate and lasting (>24 h) increases in resting-state posterior ➔frontal connectivity in the alpha frequency, quantified by Granger causality. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277743PMC
December 2018
6 Reads
7.372 Impact Factor

Acetaminophen enhances the reflective learning process.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 10;13(10):1029-1035

Department of Psychology and Institute for Mental Health Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, USA.

Acetaminophen has been shown to influence cognitive and affective behavior possibly via alterations in serotonin function. This study builds upon this previous work by examining the relationship between acetaminophen and dual-learning systems, comprising reflective (rule-based) and reflexive (information-integration) processing. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, a sample of community-recruited adults (N = 87) were randomly administered acetaminophen (1000 mg) or placebo and then completed reflective-optimal and reflexive-optimal category learning tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204487PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Social comparison modulates the neural responses to regret and subsequent risk-taking behavior.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 10;13(10):1059-1070

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, School of Physics and Materials Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The current functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI study investigated how outcomes achieved by others affect subjective regret and subsequent behavior. During the task, participants were asked to open a series of boxes consecutively until they decided to stop. Each box contained a reward (gold), except for one that contained an adverse stimulus (devil), which caused the participants to lose all the gold they collected in that trial. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/scan/article/13/10/1059/5078639
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204486PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Neural measures of the causal role of observers' facial mimicry on visual working memory for facial expressions.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2018 12;13(12):1281-1291

School of Psychological Science, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Simulation models of facial expressions propose that sensorimotor regions may increase the clarity of facial expressions representations in extrastriate areas. We monitored the event-related potential marker of visual working memory (VWM) representations, namely the sustained posterior contralateral negativity (SPCN), also termed contralateral delay activity, while participants performed a change detection task including to-be-memorized faces with different intensities of anger. In one condition participants could freely use their facial mimicry during the encoding/VWM maintenance of the faces while in a different condition participants had their facial mimicry blocked by a gel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277745PMC
December 2018
8 Reads