9 results match your criteria Snake Envenomation Moccasins

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How Should Native Crotalid Envenomation Be Managed in the Emergency Department?

J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 20;61(1):41-48. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California.

Background: Pit vipers, also known as crotalids, are a group of snakes including rattlesnakes, copperheads, and cottonmouths (water moccasins). Crotalids have a broad geographic distribution across the United States, and bites from these snakes can carry significant morbidity. Their envenomations are characterized by local tissue effects, hematologic effects, and systemic effects. Read More

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What's eating you? dusky pigmy rattlesnake envenomation and management.

Cutis 2019 Nov;104(5):284-287

Brevard Skin and Cancer Center, Rockledge, Florida, USA.

The dusky pigmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius barbouri) is a pit viper (Crotalidae family) along with diamondback rattlesnakes, water moccasins, and copperheads. Although it is a small snake, it is responsible for envenomations requiring hospitalization. We present the case of a 54-year-old man who was bitten in the left index finger with onset of coagulopathy successfully treated with crotalidae polyvalent immune fab (CPIF) antivenom. Read More

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November 2019

Cottonmouth snake bites reported to the ToxIC North American snakebite registry 2013-2017.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2020 03 13;58(3):178-182. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Southwestern Medical Center, University of Texas, Dallas, TX, USA.

The majority of venomous snake exposures in the United States are due to snakes from the subfamily (pit vipers). There are three types of US pit vipers: rattlesnakes ( and spp.) copperheads (), and cottonmouths () also known as water moccasins. Read More

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The role for coagulation markers in mild snakebite envenomations.

West J Emerg Med 2012 Feb;13(1):68-74

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Jackson, Mississippi.

Introduction: The majority of patients seeking medical treatment for snakebites do not suffer from severe envenomation. However, no guidelines exist for ordering coagulation markers in patients with minimal or moderate envenomation, nor in those who do not receive antivenom. In this study, we sought to determine whether it was possible to limit the practice of ordering coagulation studies to those patients suffering severe envenomation, rattlesnake envenomation, or both. Read More

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February 2012

Snake bite poisoning in pregnancy. A review of the literature.

J Reprod Med 1992 Jul;37(7):653-8

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport.

With our 2 cases, there are 30 reported cases in English of snake bite poisoning in pregnancy with some details presented and 20 cases without details, for a total of 50 cases. We reviewed the maternal and fetal outcomes in the 30 cases that had such information. Poisoning by members of the Crotalidae family (rattlesnakes, cotton-mouths [water moccasins] and copperheads) during pregnancy carries with it a fetal wastage rate of 43% and a maternal mortality rate of 10%. Read More

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The treatment of crotalid envenomation without antivenin.

J Trauma 1988 Jan;28(1):35-43

Cora and Webb Mading Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Eighty-one patients were treated for crotalid envenomation over the past 12 years at the Ben Taub General Hospital, Houston. Bites were inflicted by copperheads (56%), water moccasins (15%), and rattlesnakes (12%). In 17% of patients the species of snake was not identified. Read More

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January 1988
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