J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 20;61(1):41-48. Epub 2021 Feb 20.
Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California.
Background: Pit vipers, also known as crotalids, are a group of snakes including rattlesnakes, copperheads, and cottonmouths (water moccasins). Crotalids have a broad geographic distribution across the United States, and bites from these snakes can carry significant morbidity. Their envenomations are characterized by local tissue effects, hematologic effects, and systemic effects. Read More