680 results match your criteria Smoker's Melanosis


Eye movement data reveal increased attention to combined health warnings on cigarette packs.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Nov 17;194:336-340. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Introduction: In 2016 the UK introduced standardised pack design regulations, limiting branding and aiming to increase the salience of health warnings. Existing evidence suggests that the effectiveness of pack design in focusing a smoker's attention toward warnings may depend on how much they smoke. Our study aimed to directly compare attention to branding and warnings between the pre-regulation and post-regulation packs in smokers, and to determine whether this was affected by the amount smoked, to assess the effectiveness of the new policies. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Financial IncEntives for Smoking TreAtment: protocol of the FIESTA trial and FIESTA Oral Microbiome Substudy.

Trials 2018 Nov 21;19(1):646. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Background: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, but evidence-based smoking cessation therapy is underutilized. Financial incentive strategies represent an innovative approach for increasing the use of counseling and pharmacotherapy. If effective, they could supplement or supplant resource-intensive policy options, particularly in populations for whom smoking has substantial societal costs. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Building and Scaling-up California Quits: Supporting Health Systems Change for Tobacco Treatment.

Am J Prev Med 2018 Dec;55(6S2):S214-S221

Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California. Electronic address:

The California Tobacco Control Program is the longest standing, publicly funded tobacco control program in the U.S. California's adult smoking rate declined from 23. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Are electronic cigarettes a healthier alternative to conventional tobacco smoking?

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Schleswig-Holstein University Hospital, Lübeck Campus, ENT Clinic, Lübeck, Germany.

Electronic cigarettes (EC) with and without nicotine are used by more and more consumers within the last decade. The long-term risks of vapor inhalation are unknown. This study should describe the state of the art of knowledge with respect to the following four items: (1) ingredients of the vapor and their potential risks, the influence of EC on smoking of combustible tobacco to (2) adults and (3) the youth, and (4) the side effects of passive vaping. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The smoker's paradox in acute coronary syndrome: Is it real?

Rev Port Cardiol 2018 Oct 12;37(10):847-855. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Cardiology Department, Hospital de Santa Marta, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: Smoking is associated with atherosclerotic disease, but there is controversy about its protective nature after acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Objective: To determine the impact of smoking on the presentation, treatment and outcome of ACS.

Methods: We analyzed all consecutive patients with ACS in a single center between 2005 and 2014. Read More

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October 2018
19 Reads

Central nervous system involvement in late-onset Pompe disease: clues from neuroimaging and neuropsychological analysis.

Eur J Neurol 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina.

Background And Purpose: Late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is a rare, multisystem disorder that is well established to mainly impair skeletal muscle function. Systematic studies exploring brain functions in LOPD are lacking. The aim of this study was to detect morphological and functional brain alterations as well as neuropsychological impairment in LOPD. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

"I'm gonna get me a loosie" Understanding single cigarette purchases by adult smokers in a disadvantaged section of New York City.

Prev Med Rep 2018 Dec 2;12:182-185. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Adelphi University, Blodgett Hall, Room 105D, One South Ave, Garden City, NY 11530, United States.

This study seeks to update and expand our understanding of the perceptions and purchasing patterns of smokers of single cigarettes ('loosies') in disadvantaged urban areas. Semi-structured guides were used in thirteen focus groups with 67 self-identified adult smokers from the South Bronx section of New York City in summer 2013. There is wide availability of single cigarettes in the South Bronx, with legitimate stores overwhelmingly being the preferred venue for purchases. Read More

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December 2018

The smoker's paradox: Not an argument against quitting smoking after acute coronary syndrome.

Authors:
Miguel Mendes

Rev Port Cardiol 2018 Oct 5;37(10):857-858. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Hospital de Santa Cruz-CHLO, Carnaxide, Portugal. Electronic address:

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October 2018

A simple test to assess the emotional status of smokers.

Clin Respir J 2018 Nov;12(11):2606-2612

Internal Medicine Department, Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background And Aims: Smokers exhibit a high prevalence of psychological abnormalities, and these factors may contribute to smoking initiation, its maintenance, and quitting difficulties. This study reports the development of a scale aiming at evaluating the emotional status of smokers in face of tobacco.

Methods: Levels of Anxiety, Depression, Perceived Stress, Self-esteem, and Loneliness of 120 smokers (age: 54. Read More

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November 2018

Comparative Study using Papanicolaou Stain and Silver-stained Nucleolar Organizer Region Counts in Exfoliative Smear of Oral Mucosa in Bidi Smokers and Nonsmokers.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):365-370. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Periodontology and Dentistry, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the proliferative activity of exfoliated cells in bidi smoker's and nonsmoker's oral mucosa.

Materials And Methods: The oral mucosal exfoliate smears were prepared from 40 individuals (20 nonsmokers and 20 smokers) with the age group ranging from 25 to 70 years, in and around Akola (Maharashtra). The Papanicolaou (PAP) stain and silver-stained nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) were used to prepare cytogenic smear to evaluate the presence of cytological alterations, suggestive of inflammation, dysplasia, keratinization, and proliferative activity of epithelial cells. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

A latent state-trait model for analyzing states, traits, situations, method effects, and their interactions.

J Pers 2018 Aug 10. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Studies on situation and Person × Situation interaction effects often use only one method of measurement, so that the extent to which the effects may be method-specific cannot be determined. We introduce a new multimethod latent state-trait model for random and fixed situations (MM-LST-RF), which allows examining person, situation, and Person × Situation interaction effects in the context of multimethod measurement designs (e.g. Read More

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To Be Or Not to Be: the "Smoker's Paradox" - An in-Vitro Study.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 3;48(4):1638-1651. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Medical University of Vienna, Cardiac Surgery Research Laboratory, Vienna, Austria.

Background/aims: Clinical studies have reported a better outcome of smokers after myocardial infarction compared to non-smokers. The data are controversial, as some clinical studies did not observe this effect. The cell biological processes involved, which might account for a 'Smoker's Paradox', have not been investigated yet. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Smoking-related stigma: a public health tool or a damaging force?

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Jul 25. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Tobacco control policies and other denormalization strategies may reduce tobacco use by stigmatizing smoking. This raises an important question: Does perceived smoking-related stigma contribute to a smoker's decision to quit? The aim of this study was to evaluate if perceived smoking-related stigma was associated with smoking cessation outcomes among smokers in Mexico and Uruguay.

Methods: We analyzed prospective data from a panel of adult smokers who participated in the 2008-2012 administrations of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Surveys in Mexico and Uruguay. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

STEMI, the Smoker's Paradox, and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging: It's All a Case of Smoke and Mirrors.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Imaging Research Centre for Cardiovascular Interventions, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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[Expert Meeting: Integrated Care of the COPD Patients].

Pneumologie 2018 Sep 28;72(9):624-640. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Medizinisch-wissenschaftliches Publizieren, Schwerin.

Despite considerable progress concerning pharmaceutical therapeutic options, many COPD patients show a markedly reduced quality of life and increased mortality risk. This workshop aimed to identify COPD-specific factors impeding an improved mode of care for patients with COPD. Such factors are: the generally lower social and educational status of the majority of COPD patients; the stigma of COPD as a self-inflicted disease ("smoker's lung"); the strict sectoral separation within the German health care system. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Leveraging technology to promote smoking cessation in urban and rural primary care medical offices.

Prev Med 2018 Sep 25;114:102-106. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Family Medicine, Buffalo, New York, USA.

We examined the use of automated voice recognition (AVR) messages targeting smokers from primary care practices located in underserved urban and rural communities to promote smoking cessation. We partnered with urban and rural primary care medical offices (n = 7) interested in offering this service to patients. Current smokers, 18 years and older, who had completed an office visit within the previous 12 months, from these sites were used to create a smoker's registry. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Pigmented lesions of the oral mucosa: A cross-sectional study of 458 histopathological specimens.

Oral Dis 2018 Nov 10;24(8):1484-1491. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Oral Pathology and Surgery, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Objectives: To evaluate clinical, demographic, and histopathological characteristics of pigmented lesions of the oral mucosa.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a 64-year period. Information was collected from medical charts, and all archived histopathological specimens with diagnoses of any pigmented lesion were retrieved. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Cytological multimarker screening using BMCyt test in waterpipe smokers: an integrative study of cell damage, toxicological and cancer risk.

J Genet 2018 Jun;97(2):399-404

Centre of Biological Sciences and Health, College of Biological Sciences, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Universitária Street, 2069, Cascavel, Paraná 85819-110, Brazil.

Waterpipe smoking is an ancient method of tobacco smoking practiced worldwide. There is a common belief that waterpipe smoking is a safer alternative to cigarette, but many studies showed that some toxicants were associated with cancer risk, significantly higher in waterpipe smoking. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the status of waterpipe smoker's buccal cells and its cancer risk using the buccal micronucleus cytome test. Read More

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June 2018
6 Reads

Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on an intact and a reduced periodontium: Consensus report of workgroup 1 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions.

J Periodontol 2018 Jun;89 Suppl 1:S74-S84

Division of Periodontology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan.

Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i. Read More

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June 2018
27 Reads

Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on an intact and a reduced periodontium: Consensus report of workgroup 1 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions.

J Clin Periodontol 2018 Jun;45 Suppl 20:S68-S77

Division of Periodontology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan.

Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i. Read More

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June 2018
43 Reads

The Effectiveness of Web-Based Tailored Smoking Cessation Interventions on the Quitting Process (Project Quit): Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Jun 20;20(6):e213. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Background: Project Quit was a randomized Web-based smoking cessation trial designed and conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan, where its primary outcome was the 7-day point prevalence. One drawback of such an outcome is that it only focuses on smoking behavior over a very short duration, rather than the quitting process over the entire study period.

Objective: The aim of this study was to consider the number of quit attempts during the 6-month study period as an alternative outcome, which would better reflect the quitting process. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

[Understand the tobacco industry's strategy for recruiting teens: Lessons from a 1973 marketing document].

Authors:
B Dautzenberg

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Jun 25;74(3):196-204. Epub 2018 May 25.

Unité tabac, département de pneumologie, AP-HP, Pitié-Salpêtrière-Charles-Foix, Paris, France; Sorbonne université, 75013 Paris, France; Paris sans tabac, 14, avenue du Bosquet, 75007 Paris, France. Electronic address:

For years, the tobacco industry has organized the inoculation of tobacco addiction to adolescents.

Method: The analysis of a 1973 RJReynols document identified ten physical and psychological factors in order to increase the number of young users for a brand of cigarettes. These young people are classified into three groups: pre-smokers, learners and smokers. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

Smoking Topography among Korean Smokers: Intensive Smoking Behavior with Larger Puff Volume and Shorter Interpuff Interval.

Authors:
Sungroul Kim Sol Yu

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 05 18;15(5). Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Environment Health Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan 31538, Korea.

The difference of smoker's topography has been found to be a function many factors, including sex, personality, nicotine yield, cigarette type (i.e., flavored versus non-flavored) and ethnicity. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Tobacco smoking decreases clinical symptoms of gingivitis in patients with type 1 diabetes-a cross-sectional study.

Oral Dis 2018 Oct 29;24(7):1336-1342. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Dental Surgery and Periodontology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Objective: Periodontal disease may develop on the background of microvascular complications of diabetes. However, some modifying factors, such as tobacco smoking, should be taken into consideration when assessing risk of development of chronic complications. The aim of the study was the clinical assessment of the periodontal status in patients with type 1 diabetes according to tobacco smoking. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Decreased outlet angle of the superior cerebellar artery as indicator for dolichoectasia in late onset Pompe disease.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Apr 13;13(1):57. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, University hospital Halle/Saale, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120, Halle/Saale, Germany.

Background: Lysosomal α-glucosidase deficiency (Pompe disease) not only leads to glycogen accumulation in skeletal muscle, but also in the cerebral arteries. Dolichoectasia of the basilar artery (BA) has been frequently reported. Therefore progression of BA dolichoectasia in late onset Pompe patients (LOPD) was studied. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Why Don't Cancer Survivors Quit Smoking? An Evaluation of Readiness for Smoking Cessation in Cancer Survivors.

J Cancer Prev 2018 Mar 30;23(1):44-50. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Background: Cancer survivors have a high rate of participation in cigarette-smoking cessation programs but their smoking-abstinence rates remain low. In the current study, we evaluated the readiness to quit smoking in a cancer-survivor population.

Methods: Cross-sectional data survey conducted among 112 adult cancer survivors who smoked cigarettes in Tennessee. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

[Effect of smoking on survival after myocardial infarction - smoker's paradox in Hungary?]

Orv Hetil 2018 Apr;159(14):557-565

Gottsegen György Országos Kardiológiai Intézet Budapest, Haller u 29., Pf. 1450.

Introduction: The strong, positive relationship between smoking and myocardial infarction was proven in the 1960s and 1970s. The prognostic significance of smoking in the acute phase of the infarction, and later in patients who survive the acute phase is, however, not clear. Numerous international studies focus on the phenomenon called the "smoker's paradox", which means that smokers have a lower mortality rate after suffering myocardial infarction than non-smokers. Read More

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April 2018
4 Reads

Pre-surgical register of tobacco consumption.

Med Clin (Barc) 2018 Oct 24;151(8):315-319. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, España; Unidad de Control de Tabaquismo, Programa de Prevención y Control del Cáncer, Institut Català d'Oncologia (ICO)-Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Prevención y Control del Cáncer, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, España; Departamento de Salud Pública, Salud Mental y Perinatal, Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Campus de Bellvitge, Universidad de Barcelona, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, España. Electronic address:

Introduction And Objective: Smoking cessation before surgery decreases the risk of complications. The aim of this study was to analyse the smoking register, associated variables and a short talk given to smokers in pre-surgical visits.

Material And Method: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Measuring illicit cigarette trade in Colombia.

Tob Control 2018 Mar 14. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

FINAC, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: By 2016, tobacco industry provided the only illicit trade estimates in Colombia and used these to discourage tax increases since the 1990s. To establish the viability of a threefold hike in the excise tax, policy makers needed unbiased estimates of the illicit cigarette.

Objective: To estimate the size of illicit cigarette trade in five Colombian cities (63% of the market), analyse characteristics of smokers of illicit cigarettes and compare market share results with one industry-funded survey. Read More

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Disentangling the roles of point-of-sale ban, tobacco retailer density and proximity on cessation and relapse among a cohort of smokers: findings from ITC Canada Survey.

Tob Control 2018 Mar 8. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Objective: To examine how point-of-sale (POS) display bans, tobacco retailer density and tobacco retailer proximity were associated with smoking cessation and relapse in a cohort of smokers in Canada, where provincial POS bans were implemented differentially over time from 2004 to 2010.

Methods: Data from the 2005 to 2011 administrations of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Canada Survey, a nationally representative cohort of adult smokers, were linked via residential geocoding with tobacco retailer data to derive for each smoker a measure of retailer density and proximity. An indicator variable identified whether the smoker's province banned POS displays at the time of the interview. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

High-pressure photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with dynamic purge-injection for rapid analysis of volatile metabolites in urine.

Anal Chim Acta 2018 May;1008:74-81

Key Laboratory of Separation Science for Analytical Chemistry, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Small molecule metabolites are widely used as biomarkers in the research field of metabolomics for disease diagnosis and exposure assessment. As a readily available biofluid containing plenty of volatile organic metabolites (VOMs), urine is ideal for non-invasive metabolomic analysis; however, there is still lack of rapid analysis method for VOMs in urine. Here we report a kind of rapid method for urine analysis by employing high-pressure photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPPI-TOFMS) combined with dynamic purge-injection. Read More

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May 2018
7 Reads

Impact of smoking in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Ann Transl Med 2018 Jan;6(1)

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Background: The paradox that smokers have better clinical outcomes in cardiovascular diseases remains controversial. No literature exists studying impact of smoking on outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Methods: We performed an electronic search of the 2011-2012 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database to identify all TAVR hospitalizations. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

[Acute kidney injury in thromboangiitis obliterans disease].

Nephrol Ther 2018 May 29;14(3):167-171. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Service de néphrologie, hôpitaux des Pays du Mont-Blanc, 380, rue de l'Hôpital, 74700 Sallanches, France; Service de néphrologie, centre hospitalier Alpes-Léman, 558, route de Findrol, 74130 Contamine-sur-Arve, France. Electronic address:

Buerger's disease or thombo-angiitis obliterans disease is a small vessel's vasculitis, frequently observed in young and smoker's males. Diagnosis is based on both clinical and radiological arguments. There is no specific treatment designed for this disease. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Momentary smoking context as a mediator of the relationship between SES and smoking.

Addict Behav 2018 Aug 15;83:136-141. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 34, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia; IPP Institute for Public Health und Nursing Research, University of Bremen, Grazer Str. 2, 28359 Bremen, Germany. Electronic address:

There is a well-established socioeconomic gradient in smoking behavior: those with lower socioeconomic status smoke more. However, much less is known about the mechanisms explaining how SES is linked to smoking. This study takes a social-ecological perspective by examining whether socioeconomic status affects smoking behavior by differential exposure to places where smoking is allowed. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Cigarette Design Features: Effects on Emission Levels, User Perception, and Behavior.

Tob Regul Sci 2018 Jan;4(1):592-604

Tobacco and Volatiles Branch, Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA.

Objectives: This paper describes the effects of non-tobacco, physical cigarette design features on smoke emissions, product appeal, and smoking behaviors - 3 factors that determine smoker's exposure and related health risks.

Methods: We reviewed available evidence for the impact of filter ventilation, new filter types, and cigarettes dimensions on toxic emissions, smoker's perceptions, and behavior. For evidence sources we used scientific literature and websites providing product characteristics and marketing information. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

The feasibility of smoker's surcharge policy in tobacco control.

J Cancer Res Ther 2017 Oct-Dec;13(6):1075-1076

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Kerala, India.

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December 2018
2 Reads

Conditional Effects of Gain-Loss-Framed Narratives among Current Smokers at Different Stages of Change.

J Health Commun 2017 Dec 4;22(12):990-998. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

b Department of Communication , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.

This study examines how current smokers respond differently to gain-loss-framed antismoking narratives depending on their stages of change to quit smoking. An experiment (N = 461) was conducted with a 2 (narrative perspective: first person vs. third person) × 2 (framing: gain vs. Read More

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December 2017
12 Reads

Cellular effects of thirdhand tobacco smoke from smokers' homes.

Toxicol Mech Methods 2018 May 7;28(4):243-251. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

d Pharmacoscience Department , UFCSPA , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

After the cigarette is extinguished, many toxic compounds remain in the environment and accumulate in the air or on surfaces. This exposure is termed thirdhand smoke (THS) and its risks are poorly known. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cellular effects of THS from smokers' homes. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction in young smokers and non-smokers (≤ 45 years): a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Oncotarget 2017 Oct 20;8(46):81195-81203. Epub 2017 Sep 20.

Department of Cardiology, PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

The effect of smoking on the prognosis of young patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is inconclusive. We enrolled 2188 young AMI patients (≤ 45 years) from the cardiac center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital and Anzhen Hospital and analyzed their clinical characteristics and prognosis. We also searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials electronic databases for January 2001 to March 2017 and considered for inclusion in a meta-analysis those clinical trials that compared prognoses of young smokers and non-smokers with AMI. Read More

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October 2017
13 Reads
6.359 Impact Factor

Salivary cotinine levels in children with otolaryngological disorders.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Nov 25;102:103-107. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, West Virginia University, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV 26501, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine if salivary cotinine, a biomarker for tobacco smoke exposure, is elevated more often or to a higher degree in children meeting criteria for tonsillectomy or tympanostomy tube insertion.

Methods: Saliva samples were obtained from 3 groups of children for salivary cotinine measurement. Group 1 served as healthy controls. Read More

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November 2017
3 Reads

Double-Dose Versus Standard-Dose Clopidogrel According to Smoking Status Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

J Am Heart Assoc 2017 Nov 3;6(11). Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University Hamilton Health Sciences, East Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Background: Prior Studies have suggested better outcomes in smokers compared with nonsmokers receiving clopidogrel ("smoker's paradox"). The impact of a more intensive clopidogrel regimen on ischemic and bleeding risks in smokers with acute coronary syndromes requiring percutaneous coronary interventions remains unclear.

Methods And Results: We analyzed 17 263 acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from the CURRENT-OASIS 7 (Clopidogrel and Aspirin Optimal Dose Usage to Reduce Recurrent Events-Seventh Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Symptoms) trial, which compared double-dose (600 mg day 1;150 mg days 2-7; then 75 mg daily) versus standard-dose (300 mg day 1; then 75 mg daily) clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome patients. Read More

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November 2017
20 Reads

Smoker's melanosis: Isolated pigmented lesion in the laryngopharynx and esophagus.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2017 11 25;28(6):524-525. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Clinical Affiliate of Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, USA.

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November 2017
1 Read

Editorial. A smoker's paradox: does being a smoker really lead to a better outcome after aneurysmal SAH?

Authors:
Kevin M Cockroft

J Neurosurg 2018 Aug 27;129(2):442-445. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

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August 2018
4 Reads

Joint statement for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Middle East-North Africa region, 2017.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2017 9;12:2869-2890. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah.

Smoking and subsequent development of COPD is an ever-increasing epidemic in Arabian Gulf and Middle East countries, with no signs of decline. The important fact to be highlighted is that this COPD epidemic of increasing incidence and prevalence is mostly unrecognized by patients, due to the common attribution of symptoms to "smoker's cough", and the underdiagnosis and undertreatment by physicians because the common signs and symptoms masquerade as asthma. Consequently, there are long-term adverse effects of missing the diagnosis. Read More

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June 2018
11 Reads

Correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation among adults in Bangladesh.

Prev Med Rep 2017 Dec 6;8:122-128. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh.

Having 21.9 million adult smokers, Bangladesh ranks among the top ten heaviest smoking countries in the world. Correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation remain unknown. Read More

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December 2017
14 Reads

The impact of restricting the use of e-cigarettes in public places: a systematic review.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Sep;40(3):533-539

Public Health Wales, Unit 10 Llys Castan, Parc Menai, Bangor, UK.

Background: We explored whether restrictions on using e-cigarettes in public places deter smokers from switching to e-cigarettes for harm reduction purposes. Secondary objectives looked at the ability to use e-cigarettes in public places as a reason for use and attitudes towards this among smokers.

Methods: Systematic review of the scientific and grey literature. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Predictors of smoking cessation in Taiwan: using the theory of planned behavior.

Psychol Health Med 2018 03 20;23(3):270-276. Epub 2017 Sep 20.

d Department of Family Medicine , Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University , Kaohsiung , Taiwan.

This study aimed to explore the factors predicting the intention to quit smoking and the subsequent behavior 6 months later using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Data were obtained from 145 smokers who attended a smoking cessation clinic in a community hospital. All participants completed a questionnaire which included demographic information, TPB-based items, perceived susceptibility and previous attempts to quit. Read More

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March 2018
17 Reads

Basilar Artery Dolichoectasia: Prevalence and Correlates With Markers of Cerebral Small Vessel Disease in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2017 Dec 30;26(12):2909-2914. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Basilar artery (BA) dolichoectasia has been associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, studies have focused on stroke patients, and results cannot be extrapolated to the population at large. In this study, we aimed to assess prevalence of BA dolichoectasia and its association with SVD in community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador. Read More

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December 2017
6 Reads

Oral melanoma and other pigmentations: when to biopsy?

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Feb 14;32(2):209-214. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Dermatology, Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Oral pigmentations (OPs) are often neglected, although a meticulous examination of the oral cavity is important not only in the diagnosis of oral melanoma, but also for the detection of important clinical findings that may indicate the presence of a systemic disease. OPs may be classified into two major groups on the basis of their clinical appearance: focal and diffuse pigmentations, even though this distinction may not appear so limpid in some cases. The former include amalgam tattoo, melanocytic nevi, melanoacanthoma and melanosis, while the latter include physiological/racial pigmentations, smoker's melanosis, drug-induced hyperpigmentations, postinflammatory hyperpigmentations and OPs associated with systemic diseases. Read More

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February 2018
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Aesthetic Correction of Smoker's Lip Using 1064 nm Q-switched Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser.

J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;10(2):118-119

Department of Dermatology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

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August 2017
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