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    29 results match your criteria Smoker's Melanosis

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    Oral melanoma and other pigmentations: when to biopsy?
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Feb 14;32(2):209-214. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Dermatology, Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Oral pigmentations (OPs) are often neglected, although a meticulous examination of the oral cavity is important not only in the diagnosis of oral melanoma, but also for the detection of important clinical findings that may indicate the presence of a systemic disease. OPs may be classified into two major groups on the basis of their clinical appearance: focal and diffuse pigmentations, even though this distinction may not appear so limpid in some cases. The former include amalgam tattoo, melanocytic nevi, melanoacanthoma and melanosis, while the latter include physiological/racial pigmentations, smoker's melanosis, drug-induced hyperpigmentations, postinflammatory hyperpigmentations and OPs associated with systemic diseases. Read More

    Oral pigmentations in physiologic conditions, post inflammatory affections and systemic diseases.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy -
    Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases. Read More

    Various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2016 Apr 1;8(2):e172-7. Epub 2016 Apr 1.
    Post graduate student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vishnu dental college, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Background: To study the various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions among the patients attending Vishnu Dental College Bhimavaram.

    Material And Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 450 patients who were divided into three groups based upon type of tobacco use, as Group-1 Reverse smoking, Group-2 Conventional smoking, Group-3 Smokeless tobacco group and each group consists of 150 subjects.

    Results: Reverse smoking was observed to be more prevalent among old females with smoker's palate and carcinomatous lesions being the most common. Read More

    Oral Mucosal Lesions Associated with Smokers and Chewers - A Case-Control Study in Chennai Population.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Jul 1;9(7):ZC17-22. Epub 2015 Jul 1.
    Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital, Bharath University , Chennai, India .
    Aims And Objectives: To determine the association of oral mucosal lesions in a group of Chennai population aged 15 years and above with smoking and chewing habits. To also determine the dose-response relationship of these habits associated with the risk of oral mucosal lesions.

    Materiala And Methods: The study was undertaken with 450 subjects with smoking and/or chewing habits aged 15 years and over gathered through random selection in Chennai, India. Read More

    Evaluation of Oral Changes Among Tobacco Users of Aljouf Province, Saudi Arabia.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2015 May 1;9(5):ZC58-61. Epub 2015 May 1.
    Assistant Professor, College of Dentistry, Aljouf University , Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia .
    Objective: To know the prevalence of tobacco associated changes among male population of Aljouf province of Saudi Arabia.

    Materials And Methods: This study included 536 male subjects with positive history of tobacco habits. All the participants were asked to fill a questionnaire regarding the habit details and were examined clinically for the oral changes. Read More

    Aesthetic Depigmentation of Gingival Smoker's Melanosis Using Carbon Dioxide Lasers.
    Case Rep Dent 2015 12;2015:510589. Epub 2015 Apr 12.
    Medicine and Oral Surgery Department and Institute of Research and Advanced Training in Health Sciences and Technologies (IINFACTS), Higher Institute of Health Sciences (ISCS-N), CESPU, 4585-116 Paredes, Portugal ; Stomatology and Dental Medicine Department (CESPU), Centro Hospitalar de São João, Polo de Valongo, 4440-563 Valongo, Portugal.
    Melanic pigmentation results from melanin produced by the melanocytes present in the basal layer of the oral epithelium. One of the most common causes of oral pigmentation is smoker melanosis, a condition associated with the melanocyte stimulation caused by cigarette smoke. This paper aims to illustrate the use of a carbon dioxide laser in the removal of the gingival melanic pigmentation for aesthetic reasons in a 27-year-old female patient with history of a smoking habit. Read More

    Prevalence of potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions among tobacco users in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(2):757-62
    Department of Oral Medicine, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia(KSA) E-mail :
    Smoking is recognized as a health problem worldwide and there is an established tobacco epidemic in Saudi Arabia as in many other countries, with tobacco users at increased risk of developing many diseases. This cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal, potentially malignant or malignant, lesions associated with tobacco use among a stratified cluster sample of adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A sample size of 599 was collected and each participant underwent clinical conventional oral examination and filled a questionnaire providing information on demographics, tobacco use and other relevant habits. Read More

    Oral pigmented lesions: Clinicopathologic features and review of the literature.
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012 Nov 1;17(6):e919-24. Epub 2012 Nov 1.
    Oral Pathology Division, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil.
    Diagnosis of pigmented lesions of the oral cavity and perioral tissues is challenging. Even though epidemiology may be of some help in orientating the clinician and even though some lesions may confidently be diagnosed on clinical grounds alone, the definitive diagnosis usually requires histopathologic evaluation. Oral pigmentation can be physiological or pathological, and exogenous or endogenous. Read More

    Pigmented lichenoid drug eruption secondary to chloroquine therapy: an unusual presentation in lower lip.
    Minerva Stomatol 2011 Jun;60(6):327-32
    Department of Stomatology and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School Campinas, Brazil.
    Antimalarial drugs, like chloroquine, may produce hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa, affecting most commonly the palate. Its pathogenesis is not clear; an increased production of melanin is currently believed to be the cause of this oral manifestation. The purpose of this study was to report a case of atypical oral mucosal hyperpigmentation secondary to antimalarial therapy. Read More

    Prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in Vidisha.
    BMC Res Notes 2010 Jan 25;3:23. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
    Department of Pathology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Lowther Road, Allahabad, 211001, India.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in patients and to assess their clinicopathological attributes. 3030 subjects belonging to a semi-urban district of Vidisha in Central India were screened. Patients were examined with an overhead examination light and those who were identified with a questionable lesion underwent further investigations. Read More

    The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in alcohol misusers in Chennai, south India.
    Indian J Dent Res 2009 Jan-Mar;20(1):41-6
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India.
    Aims And Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of various oral mucosal lesions (OML) among alcohol misusers attending a rehabilitation center in Chennai, south India.

    Materials And Methods: Qualified dental surgeons examined 500 consecutive alcohol misusers at Ragas Dental College and Hospital and TTK Hospital, India. Thorough history and oral findings were recorded in a pre-determined format. Read More

    The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in adults from the Turin area.
    Oral Dis 2008 May;14(4):356-66
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Oral Medicine Section, University of Turin, Italy.
    Aim: To assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OML) and evaluate its association with tobacco and alcohol consumption and the wearing of removable dentures in an adult population from the Turin area, Italy.

    Materials And Methods: A retrospective study, based on an invitational self-selected screening, was performed on 4098 subjects. It included clinical examination plus biopsies when necessary. Read More

    Smoking related systemic and oral diseases.
    Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2007 ;50(3):161-6
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine, Hradec Králové.
    This article reviewed smoking related systemic diseases and oral diseases. Smoking is related to lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases and many other systemic diseases. Cigarette smoke affects the oral cavity first, so it is evident that smoking has many negative influences on oral cavity, for example, staining of teeth and dental restorations, wound healing, reduction of the ability to smell and taste, and development of oral diseases such as oral cancer, periodontitis, smoker's palate, smoker's melanosis, hairy tongue, leukoplakia, oral candidiasis and implant survival rate. Read More

    [Tobacco-associated lesions of the oral mucosa].
    Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed 2006 ;116(12):1261-74
    Klinik für Oralchirurgie und Stomatologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern.
    Consumption of tobacco can result not only in a multitude of different general health problems like carcinoma of the lung, ischaemic cardiac diseases, peripheral vascular diseases, stroke, chronic-obstructive pulmonary diseases or peptic ulcers, but also in pathologic lesions of the oral mucosa. Benign oral lesions from smoking or consumption of smokeless tobacco are the so-called smoker's palate and smoker's melanosis. On the other hand, tobacco-associated lesions like oral leukoplakia or oral squamous cell carcinoma are already potentially life-threatening diseases that in general require active treatment. Read More

    Smoking Related Systemic and Oral Diseases.
    Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2007 ;50(3):161-166
    Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Dentistry, and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.
    This article reviewed smoking related systemic diseases and oral diseases. Smoking is related to lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases and many other systemic diseases. Cigarette smoke affects the oral cavity first, so it is evident that smoking has many negative influences on oral cavity, for example, staining of teeth and dental restorations, wound healing, reduction of the ability to smell and taste, and development of oral diseases such as oral cancer, periodontitis, smoker's palate, smoker's melanosis, hairy tongue, leukoplakia, oral candidiasis and implant survival rate. Read More

    Prevalence of oral lesions in relation to habits: Cross-sectional study in South India.
    Indian J Dent Res 2006 Jul-Sep;17(3):121-5
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India.
    Background: Smoking, drinking and chewing tobacco product, common habits in India have been positively associated with oral lesions. No study has been conducted in this part of Tamilnadu regarding the prevalence of oral lesions in relation to habits.

    Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out at Ragas Dental College, Chennai. Read More

    Oral changes associated with tobacco use.
    Am J Med Sci 2003 Oct;326(4):179-82
    Department of Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216-4505, USA.
    Tobacco is a delivery system for the addictive agent nicotine. The dental profession is encouraged to perform oral examinations that focus on oral cancer detection, but other oral changes occur with tobacco use. The oral mucosa is composed of stratified squamous epithelium and masticatory/keratinized (hard palate, dorsum of the tongue, and keratinized gingival) and lining mucosa (floor of the mouth, ventrolateral surface of the tongue, soft palate complex, labial vestibule, and buccal mucosa). Read More

    Tobacco and oral diseases. Update on the evidence, with recommendations.
    Med Princ Pract 2003 ;12 Suppl 1:22-32
    Department of Oral Medicine, Clinical Oral Physiology, Oral Pathology & Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    It is well known that smoking contributes to the development of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, and there is weighty evidence that it has a considerable influence on oral health. Smoking has many negative effects on the mouth, including staining of teeth and dental restorations, reduction of the ability to smell and taste, and the development of oral diseases such as smoker's palate, smoker's melanosis, coated tongue, and, possibly, oral candidosis and dental caries, periodontal disease, implant failure, oral precancer and cancer. From a qualitative point of view the latter is obviously the most serious tobacco-related effect in the mouth. Read More

    Oral mucosal conditions in elderly dental patients.
    Oral Dis 2002 Jul;8(4):218-23
    Objectives: The goals of this study were as follows: to obtain baseline information on the incidence of oral mucosal conditions in a population of elderly Thai patients and to investigate differences in the presentation of these findings in relation to age, sex and the wearing of dentures.

    Subjects And Methods: The incidence of oral mucosal conditions was determined by the clinical examination of a sample of 500 Thai patients aged 60 years and older.

    Results: The overall incidence of oral mucosal conditions was 83. Read More

    Tobacco-associated lesions of the oral cavity: Part I. Nonmalignant lesions.
    J Can Dent Assoc 2000 May;66(5):252-6
    Faculty of Dentistry, Periodontics Clinic, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.
    The excessive use of tobacco products has been associated with various lesions in the oral cavity. Tobacco-associated lesions include tooth stains, abrasions, smoker's melanosis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and other periodontal conditions, burns and keratotic patches, black hairy tongue, nicotinic stomatitis, palatal erosions, leukoplakia, epithelial dysplasia and squamous-cell carcinoma. A routine intraoral examination by a dental health professional can reveal most of these lesions at an early stage, and early intervention may prevent serious sequelae. Read More

    Smoker's melanosis. Report of a case.
    N Y State Dent J 1997 Oct;63(8):20-1
    Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn, USA.
    Melanin pigmentation of the oral cavity among tobacco smokers, "smoker's melanosis", was first described by Hedin in 1977. Studies performed on dark skinned ethnic groups found that although nearly all non-tobacco users had oral melanin pigmentation; tobacco smokers had significantly more oral surfaces pigmented than non-tobacco users. We present a case of oral smokers melanosis involving the tongue of a 37-year-old black female. Read More

    Disappearance of smoker's melanosis after reducing smoking.
    J Oral Pathol Med 1993 May;22(5):228-30
    Department of Periodontology, Mälarsjukhuset, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Besides genetic factors, tobacco smoking is known to be the main cause of oral melanin pigmentation. The present study compares the frequency of oral melanin pigmentation in a large number of former smokers with that of non-smokers. It also describes in two patients the disappearance of smoker's melanosis in the buccal mucosa following a considerable reduction in smoking. Read More

    Melanin depigmentation of the palatal mucosa in reverse smokers: a preliminary study.
    J Oral Pathol Med 1992 Nov;21(10):440-4
    Department of Periodontology, Mälarsjukhuset, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    The melanin pigmentation in the palate of Indian reverse smokers was histologically studied in 80 biopsies, which were compared with corresponding tissue from 49 nontobacco users. The morphology of epithelium containing melanin in its basal part was normal in smokers and nonsmokers, in contrast to areas with a local melanin depigmentation of the epithelium found in some of the reverse smokers. Here an epithelial thinning, inflammation in the underlying connective tissue, and eventually a cancer was found. Read More

    Smoker's melanosis. A case report.
    J Periodontol 1991 Aug;62(8):524-7
    AFSC Regional Hospital Eglin, Eglin AFB FL.
    Smoker's melanosis is a benign pigmentation of the oral mucosa, predominantly observed on the attached anterior mandibular gingiva and interdental papillae. These macular lesions are independent of genetic factors, therapeutic medication usage, and various systemic disorders. As a group they are often seen after the third decade of life. Read More

    Smoker's melanosis may explain the lower hearing loss and lower frequency of Parkinson's disease found among tobacco smokers--a new hypothesis.
    Med Hypotheses 1991 Jul;35(3):247-9
    Department of Periodontology, Specialisttandvarden, Centrallasarettet, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    A new hypothesis is presented explaining the preventive effect of tobacco smoking found on noise induced hearing loss and on the frequency of Parkinson's disease. The hypothesis is based on the finding of a melanocyte stimulation of tobacco smoking in the human oral mucosa, resulting in a higher melanin content in the epithelial cells, and a higher frequency of visible oral melanin pigmentation--smoker's melanosis. The preventive influence of smoking found in the cochlea and substantia nigra may also be due to a higher melanin content and to the ability of melanin to strongly bind specific chemical agents for a long time. Read More

    Oral melanin pigmentation in 467 Thai and Malaysian people with special emphasis on smoker's melanosis.
    J Oral Pathol Med 1991 Jan;20(1):8-12
    Department of Periodontology, Regional Hospital, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    At the faculties of dentistry in Chiang Mai, Thailand (CM), and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (KL), 234 and 233 consecutive out-patients were interviewed concerning tobacco and chewing habits and examined for the presence of oral melanin pigmentation. Tobacco was regularly used by 32% and 28% of the studied populations in CM and KL. Cigarette smoking was the predominant habit, but the chewing of betel and tea leaves (miang) and the smoking of banana leaf cigars (khi yo) was also registered. Read More

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