5,325 results match your criteria Smokeless Tobacco Lesions


Cognizance and social attitudes regarding tobacco control laws in and around educational institutions of Nellore city, India.

J Educ Health Promot 2018 29;7:125. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Periodontics, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Indian national law namely Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) exists since 2003 and aims at protecting all the people in our country, but smoking is still prevalent among people. This study was aimed to assess awareness, attitudes, and practices regarding prohibition of sale of tobacco products near educational institutions of Nellore city, India.

Materials And Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in degree colleges of Nellore city of Andhra Pradesh. Read More

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October 2018

Implementation phase of the Tobacco-Free Parks Ordinance: a policy evaluation using photographic data.

Public Health 2018 Nov 28;167:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Office of Policy & Prevention, Mecklenburg County Public Health, 249 Billingsley Road, Charlotte, NC 28211, USA.

Objective: Mecklenburg County (Charlotte, North Carolina) Board of County Commissioners took the unique step of passing a Tobacco-Free Parks Ordinance designating most county parks as tobacco-free including all smoking products, smokeless tobacco, and e-cigarettes. The objective of the baseline phase of the Ordinance evaluation sought to assess whether signage in the parks was associated with the presence of tobacco-use litter.

Study Design: A qualitative study was conducted with photography as the method of observation across Mecklenburg County parks in North Carolina. Read More

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November 2018

Smokers' perceptions of risks and harm from snus relative to cigarettes: A latent profile analysis study.

Addict Behav 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Department of Medicine, Rutgers University, 195 Little Albany Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.

Introduction: Certain types of smokeless tobacco (SLT) products, particularly snus, carry fewer health risks than cigarette smoking and might be able to serve as harm-reduction products for smokers. However, studies frequently find that smokers misperceive SLT and snus to be as or more harmful than smoking. This perception is often measured with a single general harm question, and research on underlying risk perceptions is limited. Read More

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November 2018

Age of tobacco use initiation and association with current use and nicotine dependence among US middle and high school students, 2014-2016.

Tob Control 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Introduction: Tobacco use mostly begins in adolescence and young adulthood. Earlier age of initiation of cigarette smoking is associated with greater nicotine dependence and sustained tobacco use. However, data are limited on the age of initiation of non-cigarette tobacco products, and the association between using these products and nicotine dependence and progression to established use. Read More

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November 2018

Inmates with Harmful Substance Use Increase Both Exercise and Nicotine Use Under Incarceration.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 27;15(12). Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, Pb 1039 Blindern, 0135 Blindern, Norway.

Exercise is increasingly understood as an important resource for people who engage in harmful substance use, including those in prison. Little is known about how inmates adopt various health behaviors during incarceration, without interventions. This cross-sectional study analyzed self-reports from 1464 inmates in Norwegian prisons in 2013⁻2014, compared them according to harmful substance use pre-incarceration, and explored changes in exercise and nicotine use during incarceration. Read More

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November 2018

Quantitative profile-profile relationship (QPPR) modelling: a novel machine learning approach to predict and associate chemical characteristics of unspent ammunition from gunshot residue (GSR).

Analyst 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Sezione di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento SAIMLAL, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 336, 00161 Rome, Italy and Facultade de Química, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Avda. das Ciencias, s/n. Campus sur, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Evidence association in forensic cases involving gunshot residue (GSR) remains very challenging. Herein, a new in silico approach, called quantitative profile-profile relationship (QPPR) modelling, is reported. This is based on the application of modern machine learning techniques to predict the pre-discharge chemical profiles of selected ammunition components from those of the respective post-discharge GSR. Read More

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November 2018

Socio-economic and demographic determinants of tobacco use in Kenya: findings from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2014.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 25;30:166. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: Every year, more than 6,000 Kenyans die of tobacco related diseases (79 men and 37 women die per week), while more than 220,000 children and more than 2,737,000 adults continue to use tobacco each day. Some suggest that these numbers will rise without concerted efforts to strengthen the implementation of tobacco control measures. To date, there remains much to be learned about what contributes to tobacco consumption in Kenya. Read More

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Neighborhood differences in alternative tobacco product availability and advertising in New York City: Implications for health disparities.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, New York, NY.

Introduction: Alternative tobacco products (ATPs), such as cigars, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), have a strong presence in the U.S. retail environment amid declining cigarette consumption. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The effects of oral smokeless tobacco administration on endurance performance.

J Sport Health Sci 2018 Oct 28;7(4):465-472. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Neuropsychopharmacology Laboratory, Department of Diagnostic and Public Health, University of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy.

Background: Smokeless tobacco is widely used by athletes to enhance performance. Nicotine is a central nervous system stimulant and acts on cardiocirculatory and metabolic systems, involving tissue blood flow and circulatory vasoreactivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the oral smokeless tobacco (Swedish snus (SS)) on the perception of fatigue and time to exhaustion (TTE) during moderate-intensity aerobic exercise. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the ultrastructure of knee cartilage and expressions of TNF-α, IL-1b, BAX, and Bcl-2 mRNA in a rat model for osteoarthritis.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Knee Joint, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang, Henan, China.

Background: The effectiveness of smokeless moxa and other means to reduce exposure are extensively investigated with regards to the health consequences of inhalation of moxa smoke, and clinical studies indicate that classical moxibustion is superior to smokeless moxa. This study aims to quantify the effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the clinical outcome with an established model, demonstrated to be effective for classical moxibustion.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the ultrastructure of knee cartilage and expression of cytokine, tissue necrosing factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1b), apoptosis regulator, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), and BAX in a rat model for inflammatory joint disease. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Transitions in Tobacco Product Use by U.S. Adults between 2013⁻2014 and 2014⁻2015: Findings from the PATH Study Wave 1 and Wave 2.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 9;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.

In 2013⁻2014, nearly 28% of adults in the United States (U.S.) were current tobacco users with cigarettes the most common product used and with nearly 40% of tobacco users using two or more tobacco products. Read More

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November 2018
10 Reads

E-cigarette use is associated with other tobacco use among US adolescents.

Int J Public Health 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, USA.

Objectives: To examine whether tobacco initiation via e-cigarettes increases the likelihood of subsequent tobacco use among a large representative sample of US adolescents.

Methods: This study is a retrospective longitudinal analysis from a representative sample of US middle and high school students (n = 39,718) who completed the 2014 and 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey. The adjusted odds ratios of lifetime and current use of tobacco use were estimated by logistic regression analysis while controlling for important socio-ecological factors associated with tobacco use. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Using Facebook for Large-Scale Online Randomized Clinical Trial Recruitment: Effective Advertising Strategies.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Nov 8;20(11):e290. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.

Targeted Facebook advertising can be an effective strategy to recruit participants for a large-scale online study. Facebook advertising is useful for reaching people in a wide geographic area, matching a specific demographic profile. It can also target people who would be unlikely to search for the information and would thus not be accessible via Google AdWords. Read More

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November 2018

Tobacco Product Use Among Adults - United States, 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Nov 9;67(44):1225-1232. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes adverse health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, and multiple types of cancer (1). Although cigarette smoking among U.S. Read More

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November 2018
12 Reads

Youth Access to Tobacco Products in the United States: Findings from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Roswell Park Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY.

Objectives: Tobacco products in the US market are growing in diversity. Little is known about how youth access tobacco products given this current landscape.

Methods: Data were drawn from 15-17 year olds from the Wave 1 youth sample of the US nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
3.300 Impact Factor

Tobacco use and its determinants in the 2015 Kenya WHO STEPS survey.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 7;18(Suppl 3):1223. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Division of Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015, over 1.1 billion people smoked tobacco, which represents around 15% of the global population. In Africa, around one in five adults smoke tobacco. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Tobacco Product Harm Perceptions and New Use.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 5;142(6). Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Tobacco Center on Regulatory Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

: media-1vid110.1542/5839992833001PEDS-VA_2018-1505 BACKGROUND: Researchers in several studies have examined correlations between tobacco harm perceptions and tobacco use in youth, but none have prospectively addressed the association between harm perceptions and subsequent new use across multiple noncigarette products.

Methods: Product-specific absolute and relative harm perceptions for cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless tobacco were collected at wave 1 (W1) (2013-2014) among youth in the nationally representative US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (12-17 years of age; = 10 081). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

School-based behavioral intervention to reduce the habit of smokeless tobacco and betel quid use in high-risk youth in Karachi: A randomized controlled trial.

PLoS One 2018 2;13(11):e0206919. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences, Gulzar e Hijri, Karachi, Pakistan.

There have been recent surges in the use of smokeless tobacco (SLT) and betel quid (BQ) chew among adolescents in South East Asian countries, with an increase, on average, of 7% to 15% between 2004 and 2013, necessitating interventional investigations to modify this behavior. The current intervention was aimed towards changing adolescents' perceptions regarding the harmful effects of SLT and BQ use and encouraging them to quit. This randomized control trial involved 2140 adolescents from 26 private and public-sector schools in Karachi, Pakistan. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Oral cancer and tobacco: developments in harm reduction.

Authors:
M N Pemberton

Br Dent J 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Consultant in Oral Medicine and Honorary Professor, Division of Dentistry, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester; University Dental Hospital of Manchester, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, M15 6FH.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma is associated with the use of tobacco products. The predominant addictive substance in tobacco is nicotine, however, the major carcinogenic substances are in the other components of the tobacco leaf. The highest risk from tobacco use arises from combustion in the form of cigarettes. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Exercise performance increase in smokeless tobacco-user athletes after overnight nicotine abstinence.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Neuropsychopharmacology Lab., Department of Diagnostic and Public Health, University of Verona, Italy.

The use of nicotine administered through smokeless tobacco (snus) has increased among athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ergogenic effects of snus on aerobic performance during exercise until exhaustion in athletes after abstinence or satiety nicotine conditions. The study utilized a randomized, controlled, within-subject design experiment. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Flavored Tobacco Use Among U.S. Adults by Age Group: 2013-2014.

Subst Use Misuse 2018 Oct 31:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

b College of Business, Bellevue University , Omaha , Nebraska , USA.

Objective: This study sought to assess patterns of flavored tobacco product (FTP) use and their associations with (1) susceptibility to smoke cigarettes among young adults aged 18-29 who have never smoked; (2) quit attempts in the past 12 months among current cigarette users by age group (18-29, 30-49, and 50+).

Methods: We used the 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (n = 75,233) to estimate the prevalence of single-, dual-, and poly-use of FTP (menthol cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, regular pipes/hookahs, and smokeless). Logistic regression models were performed to examine the associations between FTP use and smoking behaviors. Read More

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October 2018

Tobacco product transition patterns in rural and urban cohorts: Where do dual users go?

Prev Med Rep 2018 Dec 22;12:241-244. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

The Ohio State University College of Public Health, Division of Health Behavior & Health Promotion, Columbus, OH, USA.

Introduction: Understanding diverse tobacco product consumption represents a crucial area for tobacco regulatory science. With the increase in dual/poly use of tobacco products, transition patterns among exclusive and dual users are of considerable interest. We describe transition patterns of dual users over 18 months. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Smokeless tobacco use and circulatory disease risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Open Heart 2018 8;5(2):e000846. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

Objective: Smokeless tobacco use is a public health issue throughout the world, but reviews and analyses of circulatory disease risks associated with smokeless tobacco use may be outdated or incomplete. This study provides a thorough and comprehensive review and meta-analysis of circulatory disease risks in high-income countries, including recently published study estimates.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies of circulatory disease risks associated with smokeless tobacco use in Europe and North America that were identified from electronic databases and reference lists. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in a rural tribal population of Mokokchung, Nagaland, India.

Natl Med J India 2018 Jan-Feb;31(1):11-14

National Institute of Epidemiology (Indian Council of Medical Research), # R-127, 3rd Avenue, Tamil Nadu Housing Board, Chennai 600077, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of mortality in India. The northeastern part of India has a high burden of NCDs. However, data on the prevalence of risk factors for NCDs in the rural tribal population of Nagaland are limited. Read More

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October 2018

Risk factors and prevalence of use of different tobacco products among school adolescents in the North Central region of Morocco: a cross-sectional study.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 29;30:73. Epub 2018 May 29.

Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Health Community, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah University, Fez, Morocco.

Introduction: The rising number of youth smokers is a major concern to public health in Morocco. The implementation of appropriate preventive measures would require information about the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use. Data on tobacco consumption among adolescents in the North Center of Morocco are scarce. Read More

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October 2018

Tobacco-related Poison Events Involving Young Children in the US, 2001-2016.

Tob Regul Sci 2017 Oct;3(4):525-535

Office of Science, Center for Tobacco Products, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD.

Objective: In this paper, we describe trends in tobacco-related poison exposure calls (calls) involving young children in the US.

Methods: Data were from the National Poison Data System between January 1, 2001 and October 31, 2016. We analyzed data on calls involving children younger than 5 years old. Read More

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October 2017

Tobacco Advertisement Liking, Vulnerability Factors, and Tobacco Use among Young Adults.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Introduction: Young adulthood (ages 18-24) is a crucial period in the development of long-term tobacco use patterns. Tobacco advertising and promotion lead to the initiation and continuation of smoking among young adults. We examined whether vulnerability factors moderated the association between tobacco advertisement liking and tobacco use in the United States. Read More

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October 2018

Urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3) pyridyl-1-butanol and cotinine in Alaska native postpartum women and neonates comparing smokers and smokeless tobacco users.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2018 12;77(1):1528125

d Mayo Clinic , Rochester , MN , USA.

Objective: Foetuses and neonates of women who use tobacco are exposed to nicotine and tobacco-derived carcinogens. We determined the relationship between urine biomarkers of tobacco toxicant exposure postpartum and in the neonates of Alaska Native (AN) women, comparing smokers and smokeless tobacco (ST) users, including iqmik, a homemade ST product.

Methods: AN women, including 36 smokers, 9 commercial ST and 16 iqmik users their neonates participated. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Fungal contamination in smokeless tobacco products traditionally consumed in Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Oct;68(10):1471-1477

Department of Microbiology, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To isolate potential pathogenic fungi from smokeless tobacco products.

Methods: The study was conducted from January 2015 to February 2017 during which samples of smokeless tobacco products such as Mainpuri, Tambako, Khiwam, Gutkha, Naswar and Mawa etc. were collected from different cities of Pakistan. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Safety analysis of endoscopic haemostasis using a high-frequency live tissue electric welding device - EKVZ300 PATONMED.

Prz Gastroenterol 2018 17;13(3):234-237. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Surgery and Proctology, Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Introduction: The method of a bipolar high-frequency welding (HFEW) of soft living tissues of animals and humans has been used in various areas of surgery. However, it has not been utilized in endoscopic gastrointestinal procedures yet. HFEW has strong potential to be used in gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures due to the competitive cost of generator devices and due to its proven ability to coagulate vessels of wide diameter as compared to standard electrocautery devices. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads
0.380 Impact Factor

The crowding-out effect of tobacco expenditure on household spending patterns in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2018 9;13(10):e0205120. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Economics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Tobacco consumption constitutes a sizable portion of household consumption expenditure, which can lead to reduced expenditures on other basic commodities. This is known as the crowding-out effect. This study analyzes the crowding-out effect of tobacco consumption in Bangladesh, and the research findings have relevance for strengthening the tobacco control for improving health and well-being. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

India has Reached on the Descending Limb of Tobacco Epidemic.

Authors:
Rohini Ruhil

Indian J Community Med 2018 Jul-Sep;43(3):153-156

Centre for Social Medicine and Community Health, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Till 2016, India was the second largest consumer of tobacco in the world, second only to China. However, in June 2017, the factsheet release of Global Adult Tobacco Survey-2 showed a 6% point decline in the prevalence of tobacco use among adults (>15 years) in the country.

Materials And Methods: This is a form of ecological study where trends in aggregate prevalence of tobacco use at country level (using secondary data) were studied in relation to corresponding policy actions over a period of two decades. Read More

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October 2018

Comparative Study of Micronuclei Count in Patients with Different Tobacco-related Habits using Exfoliated Buccal Epithelial Cells: A Tool for Assessment of Genotoxicity.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Sep 1;19(9):1076-1081. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Aim: To study and compare the genotoxic effects of tobacco using micronuclei count in individuals with different tobacco-related habits.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was done comprising 200 individuals, divided into four groups. Group I: 50 subjects with history of tobacco chewing, group II: 50 subjects with a history of smoking tobacco, group III: 50 subjects with a history of both tobacco chewing and smoking, and group IV: 50 subjects without any habits as controls (age-matched). Read More

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September 2018

Developing Smokeless Tobacco Prevention Messaging for At-Risk Youth: Early Lessons from "The Real Cost" Smokeless Campaign.

Health Equity 2018 1;2(1):167-173. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Center for Tobacco Products, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Silver Spring, Maryland.

Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use continues to be a significant public health challenge in the United States, particularly among young males in rural areas, where use remains disproportionately high. In support of the U.S. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Parental tobacco use and child death: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys from South and South East Asian countries.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Child mortality is a public health challenge in developing countries, and exposure to second-hand smoke and prenatal exposure to smokeless tobacco are risk factors for child death. We determined the associations between parental tobacco use and child death under the age of five in eight South and South East Asian countries.

Methods: We analysed cross-sectional demographic and health survey data collected between 2005 and 2016, using multiple logistic regressions to estimate the unadjusted and adjusted associations between parental tobacco use and child death, accounting for demographic and economic covariates. Read More

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October 2018

Mannich-type Reactions of Cyclic Nitrones: Effective Methods for the Enantioselective Synthesis of Piperidine-containing Alkaloids.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Nov 19;57(46):15162-15166. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, 5735 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

Even though there are dozens of biologically active 2-substituted and 2,6-disubstituted piperidines, only a limited number of approaches exist for their synthesis. Herein is described two Mannich-type additions to nitrones, one using β-ketoacids under catalyst-free conditions and another using methyl ketones in the presence of chiral thioureas, which can generate a broad array of such 2-substituted materials, as well as other ring variants, in the form of β-N-hydroxy-aminoketones. Both processes have broad scope, with the latter providing products with high enantioselectivity (up to 98 %). Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads
11.260 Impact Factor

Initiation, continuation of use and cessation of alternative tobacco products among young adults: A qualitative study.

Tob Prev Cessat 2018 Feb;4

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, United States.

Introduction: Diverse non-cigarette alternative tobacco products are increasingly popular in the United States. This study investigates the reasons why young adults initiate and continue the use of these products, as well as potential motivations and approaches for quitting. Products assessed include cigarettes, little cigars/cigarillos (LCCs), smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, and hookahs. Read More

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February 2018
7 Reads

Fighting Fire With Fire: Using Industry Market Research to Identify Young Adults at Risk for Alternative Tobacco Product and Other Substance Use.

Soc Mar Q 2017 Dec;23(4):302-319

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Limited public health research has used psychographic profiling to segment young adults and examine their substance use behaviors. We aimed to conduct market research to identify young adult market segments at risk for alternative tobacco products (ATPs), alcohol, and marijuana use. Substance use; psychographics per the Values, Attitudes, and Lifestyle Scale (VALS); and other key variables were assessed at baseline in a longitudinal study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from seven colleges/universities in the state of Georgia. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

Analysis and classification of smokeless powders by GC-MS and DART-TOFMS.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Nov 15;292:11-22. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

University of Central Florida, Department of Chemistry, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL, 32816, USA; National Center for Forensic Science, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162367, Orlando, FL, 32816-2367, USA. Electronic address:

Partially burned smokeless powder particles may be present as a form of evidence following a shooting or explosive event, such as the explosion of a pipe bomb. The characterization and classification of residual smokeless powers may allow for a known sample, i.e. Read More

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November 2018

- a mixture of potent carcinogens.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):116-119

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub on Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: Dohra is a areca nut preparation used with or without tobacco in a few of the areas of Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. There is evidence that it causes potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer. This study was undertaken to provide information on dohra by searching through literature and also through a survey in three areas of Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. Read More

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July 2018
1.660 Impact Factor

Implementation of Article 20 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):110-115

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub for Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: Article 20 of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) deals with surveillance and research on all tobacco products including smokeless tobacco (SLT). Here we describe the availability of indicators related to SLT among 180 Parties to the convention (countries ratifying the WHO FCTC are referred as Parties to the Convention).

Methods: Data on SLT use among adults and adolescents and SLT-related economic and health indicators among Parties were obtained through rigorous literature search. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read
1.660 Impact Factor

Setting research priorities in smokeless tobacco control: A retrospective review.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):103-109

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub for Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: Smokeless tobacco (SLT) has become a global menace; India being one of the high-burden countries contributes about 67 per cent of its users. Although research is ongoing on various aspects of SLT use and its effects, there is a need to identify the still under-researched areas in this field. This study was aimed at delineating the quantum of research on various topics of SLT, with intent to delineate research gaps for guiding future research priorities. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads
1.660 Impact Factor

Feedback from vendors on ban in two States of India.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):98-102

Healis-Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Mumbai, India.

Background & Objectives: Beginning in 2012, all States in India eventually banned the sale of gutka. This study was conducted to investigate gutka vendors' knowledge on gutka ban, products covered under ban, penalties for non-compliance and action for enforcement by government agencies.

Methods: Twenty vendors were interviewed, 10 each in Mumbai (Maharashtra) and Indore (Madhya Pradesh) during May - June, 2013, one year after ban was imposed. Read More

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July 2018
1.660 Impact Factor

A review of trade practices of smokeless tobacco products in terms of prohibition on sale, manufacturing & importation in Framework Convention on Tobacco Control ratified Parties.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):90-97

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub on Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: Over the past decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) has served as a powerful tool to initiate and advance global tobacco control efforts. However, the control strategies have mainly targeted demand-side measures. The goal of a tobacco-free world by 2040 cannot be achieved if the supply-side measures are not addressed. Read More

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July 2018
1.660 Impact Factor

A systematic review on association between smokeless tobacco & cardiovascular diseases.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):77-89

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub for Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: The association of smokeless tobacco (SLT) with cardiovascular diseases has remained controversial due to conflicting reports from various countries. Earlier meta-analyses have shown significantly higher risk of fatal myocardial infarction and stroke in SLT users. However, the risk of hypertension (HTN) with SLT products has not been reviewed earlier. Read More

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July 2018
11 Reads
1.660 Impact Factor

Relationship between type of smokeless tobacco & risk of cancer: A systematic review.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):56-76

WHO FCTC Global Knowledge Hub for Smokeless Tobacco, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research, Noida, India.

Background & Objectives: Causative linkages of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use with oral potentially malignant disorders and cancers of oral cavity, oesophagus and pancreas have been reported. Published meta-analyses have provided pooled risk estimates for major cancers caused by SLT, both on global and regional levels. This systematic review was aimed at summarizing the available studies on occurrence and mortality risk of common cancers due to various SLT products. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads
1.660 Impact Factor

Smokeless tobacco taxation: Lessons from Southeast Asia.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):46-55

School of Preventive Oncology, Patna, India.

Southeast Asia accounts for nearly 86 per cent of the smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumers in the world. The heterogeneous nature of SLT is a major impediment to using taxation as a tool to regulate SLT. This study was aimed to review issues around fiscal policies on SLT with the objective of providing clarity on the use of taxation as an effective policy instrument to regulate SLT use. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Determinants of smokeless tobacco use in India.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):41-45

Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) contributes to more than 50 per cent disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in India; and tobacco contributes to 7·4 per cent of DALYs which is next to diet and high blood pressure. According to Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015, tobacco use contributed to 5.9 per cent out of total DALYs in India. Read More

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July 2018
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Oral health consequences of smokeless tobacco use.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):35-40

WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Cancer; King's College London, London, UK.

Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use has many oral effects including oral cancer, leukoplakia and erythroplakia, oral submucous fibrosis (if mixed with areca nut), loss of periodontal support (recession) and staining of teeth and composite restorations. This review was aimed to provide information to identify oral lesions that occur due to the use of smokeless tobacco so that effective interventions can be undertaken to reduce morbidity and mortality from the use of SLT. Read More

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July 2018
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Smokeless tobacco control: Litigation & judicial measures from Southeast Asia.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):25-34

Supreme Court of India, New Delhi, India.

Recourse to litigation and positive judicial interventions is one of the most effective tools to meet public health objectives. The present review envisions compiling litigation and judicial measures in Southeast Asia Region (SEAR) while assessing their role in advancing smokeless tobacco (SLT) control, and equally highlighting, how tobacco industry has used litigation to undermine tobacco control efforts in the Region. The litigation, especially from the SEAR, up to 2017, that have facilitated SLT control or have been used by the tobacco industry to challenge an SLT control policy decision were reviewed. Read More

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July 2018
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