325 results match your criteria Smokeless Tobacco Lesions


Why smokeless tobacco control needs to be strengthened?

Cancer Control 2020 Jan-Dec;27(1):1073274820914659

Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Tobacco menace is responsible for significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Smokeless tobacco (SLT) is consumed in more than 140 countries, thus is emerging as a global problem. Several adverse health outcomes like oropharyngeal, oesophageal, and pancreatic cancers; oral potentially malignant lesions; diabetes mellitus; cardiovascular diseases; mental illness; osteopenia; low birth weight; preterm births; small for gestation age babies; and stillbirths are attributed to SLT usage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073274820914659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158252PMC
March 2020
2.655 Impact Factor

Evaluation of salivary alkaline phosphatase levels in tobacco users to determine its role as a biomarker in oral potentially malignant disorders.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2019 Sep-Dec;23(3):344-348

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Elevated salivary alkaline phosphatase (S-ALP) levels have been observed in oral squamous cell carcinoma, but its status in tobacco users and in individuals with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) is less explored.

Aims And Objectives: The aims and objectives were to estimate and compare the levels of S-ALP among tobacco users, nonusers and in individuals with OPMD.

Materials And Methods: The study population comprised 42 individuals, categorized into four groups with/without tobacco usage habit and with/without lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_317_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948055PMC
January 2020

Carcinoma Arising in the Background of Oral Submucous Fibrosis.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2019 Jul-Dec;9(2):247-252

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Oral submucous fibrosis is a chronic debilitating condition with potential for malignant transformation. Squamous cell carcinoma arising from a background of oral submucous fibrosis presents clinically as a distinct disease due to different etiopathogenesis.

Methodology: This prospective case series describes thirty cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) alongside oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ams.ams_280_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6933968PMC
January 2020

Prevalence of Oral mucosal lesions and their association with Pattern of tobacco use among patients visiting a dental institution.

Indian J Dent Res 2019 Sep-Oct;30(5):652-655

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences, Hospital & Research Centre, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Background: Oral mucous membrane is an integral part of the complex oral cavity which is associated with maintenance of oral as well as general body health. Oral mucosal lesion (OML) is one of the most prevalent diseases in India, which is caused by consumption of smokeless and smoked forms of tobacco.

Aim: To assess the prevalence of OMLs and their association with pattern of tobacco use among patients visiting dental institution in Bhilai. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_23_18DOI Listing
December 2019

Snus: a compelling harm reduction alternative to cigarettes.

Harm Reduct J 2019 11 27;16(1):62. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Imperial Brands Plc, 121 Winterstoke Road, Bristol, BS3 2LL, UK.

Snus is an oral smokeless tobacco product which is usually placed behind the upper lip, either in a loose form or in portioned sachets, and is primarily used in Sweden and Norway. The purpose of this review is to examine the reported effects of snus use in relation to specified health effects, namely lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, pancreatic cancer, diabetes, oral cancer and non-neoplastic oral disease. The review also examines the harm reduction potential of snus as an alternative to cigarettes by comparing the prevalence of snus use and cigarette smoking, and the reported incidence of tobacco-related diseases across European Union countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0335-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6882181PMC
November 2019

Smokeless tobacco use and oral neoplasia among urban Indian women.

Oral Dis 2019 Oct 19;25(7):1724-1734. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Preventive Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Objectives: Oral cavity cancers are fourth most common cancers among Indian women. The objectives were to create cancer awareness (CA) and screen tobacco-using women for oral cavity cancers.

Materials And Methods: A community-based CA and screening programme was conducted among women in Mumbai, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13166DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

A correlation between oral mucosal lesions and various quid-chewing habit patterns: A cross-sectional study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2019 Jul-Sep;15(3):620-624

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda, Telangana, India.

Background And Objectives: Quid-chewing habit is a common and old tradition in India. It causes various potentially malignant disorders. Therefore, a study was undertaken to analyze the association of various quid-chewing habit patterns and different oromucosal lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_620_14DOI Listing
November 2019
7 Reads

Genetic variations of TLRs and their association with HPV/EBV, co-infection along with nicotine exposure in the development of premalignant/malignant lesions of the oral cavity in Indian population.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 08 23;61:38-49. Epub 2019 May 23.

Division of Molecular Genetics & Biochemistry, Division of Cytopathology, National Institute of Cancer Prevention & Research (ICMR-NICPR), I-7, Sector-39, Noida, India. Electronic address:

Background: Despite being most preventable malignancies associated with smoked and smokeless tobacco products, squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity is one of the most common malignancy in India. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of TLRs in oral pre-cancerous, cancerous cases and their genotypic correlation with HPV/EBV, co-infection & lifestyle habits in Indian population.

Methods: The present study was conducted on 300 subjects (100 OSCC, 50 pre-cancer & 150 controls). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.05.003DOI Listing
August 2019
12 Reads
2.558 Impact Factor

Prevalence of oromucosal lesions in relation to tobacco habit among a Western Maharashtra population.

Indian J Cancer 2019 Jan-Mar;56(1):15-18

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India.

Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the number and types of oromucosal lesions (OMLs) in relation to tobacco habits in patients who attended the outpatient department.

Methodology: A total of 1730 patients visiting the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology were interviewed and screened for tobacco habits (smoking and smokeless). Clinical oral examination was conducted with diagnostic instruments using the Color Atlas of Common Oral Diseases as a guide for diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijc.IJC_231_17DOI Listing
August 2019
10 Reads

Micronuclei in Exfoliated Oral Epithelial Cells in Tobacco Users and Controls with Various Oral Lesions: A Study from Gujarat, India.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 2;71(1):109-114. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Genomic Research Centre, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Sayajigunj, Aurobindo Ghosh Road, Nr Faculty of Science, Vadodara, 390002 Gujarat India.

To assess and compare cytogenic damage in the form of micronuclei in various oral lesions according to duration and frequency of tobacco use. The present cross sectional study was carried out from October 2015 to October 2016. We included total 420 cases with 60 cases in each of the following subgroups, no tobacco habit with no obvious oral lesion (control) and tobacco habit with no obvious oral lesion, oral sub mucous fibrosis, leukoplakia, melanoplakia, erythroplakia, oral squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1260-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401055PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Factors effecting the induction of rat forestomach hyperplasia induced by Swedish oral smokeless tobacco (snus).

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Jun 4;104:21-28. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, POB 522, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

Long term exposure to oral smokeless tobacco may induce lesions in the oral cavity characterized by a hyperplastic epithelium. The possible role of nicotine and the physical properties of oral tobacco for developing these lesions, as well as of dysplasia and neoplasia is unclear. Low nitrosamine Swedish snus as well as non-genotoxic butylated hydroxyanisole induces increased cellular proliferation in the rat forestomach epithelia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.02.015DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among smokeless tobacco usage: A cross-sectional study.

Indian J Cancer 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):404-409

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

Background: Tobacco use is one of the most prevalent forms of habit and associated with development of potential malignant disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) among smokeless tobacco users.

Materials And Methods: This is a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijc.IJC_178_18DOI Listing
June 2019
29 Reads

Cervical cancer awareness and presence of abnormal cytology among HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy in rural Andhra Pradesh, India.

Int J STD AIDS 2019 05 27;30(6):586-595. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

1 Sue & Bill Gross School of Nursing, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.

Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among women in low- and middle-income countries, and women living with HIV are at high risk for cervical cancer. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer and pre-cancer lesions and to examine cervical cancer knowledge among women living with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. We conducted cytology-based screening and administered a standardized questionnaire among 598 HIV-infected women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956462419825950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6510620PMC
May 2019
28 Reads
1.037 Impact Factor

Risk Assessment of Smokeless Tobacco among Oral Precancer and Cancer Patients in Eastern Developmental Region of Nepal

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 Feb 26;20(2):411-415. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. Email:

Background: Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and oral cancer (OC) are preventable oral mucosal diseases prevalent in Asian region. This epidemiological study aims to identify oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and oral cancer (OC), confirm histopathologically, and treat or refer these cases among the population of Eastern Development Region (EDR) of Nepal. It also attempts to assess the risk factors associated in order to compare dose–response measurements of oral habits in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.2.411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6897013PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Carcinogenicity of smokeless tobacco: Evidence from studies in humans & experimental animals.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Dec;148(6):681-686

Section of Evidence Synthesis and Classification, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

A Working Group of the Monographs programme of the International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified smokeless tobacco as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). This review article summarizes the data that support the evaluations of sufficient evidence in humans and in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of smokeless tobacco whether used alone or with betel quid. It also identifies compounds of smokeless tobacco relevant to carcinogenicity (prominently tobacco-specific nitrosamines) and addiction (nicotine). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_149_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396560PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

Frictional Keratosis, Contact Keratosis and Smokeless Tobacco Keratosis: Features of Reactive White Lesions of the Oral Mucosa.

Authors:
Susan Müller

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Mar 22;13(1):16-24. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Atlanta Oral Pathology, Emory Decatur Hospital, Emory University School of Medicine, 2701 N. Decatur Road, Decatur, GA, 30033, USA.

White lesions of the oral cavity are quite common and can have a variety of etiologies, both benign and malignant. Although the vast majority of publications focus on leukoplakia and other potentially malignant lesions, most oral lesions that appear white are benign. This review will focus exclusively on reactive white oral lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-018-0986-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405791PMC
March 2019
10 Reads

Prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders and oral malignant lesions: A population-based study in a municipal town of southern Kerala.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2018 Sep-Dec;22(3):413-414

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, PMS College of Dental Science and Research, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Oral cancer burden poses a major challenge in India. Oral cancer in the majority of instances arises from preexisting oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). Early detection of OPMD and elimination of primary risk factors such as smokeless and smoking tobacco help in reduction of oral cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_202_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306617PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Metabolic Activation and Carcinogenesis of Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamine N'-Nitrosonornicotine (NNN): A Density Function Theory and Molecular Docking Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 01 9;16(2). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental & Viral Oncology, College of Life Science and Bioengineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China.

N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) is one of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) that exists widely in smoke and smokeless tobacco products. NNN can induce tumors in various laboratory animal models and has been identified by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a human carcinogen. Metabolic activation of NNN is primarily initiated by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450s) via 2'-hydroxylation or 5'-hydroxylation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352179PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Superoxide Dismutase response: physiological plasticity in tobacco users.

Minerva Stomatol 2019 Feb 7;68(1):25-30. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, I.T.S. Center for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, India.

Background: Free radicals (FRs) are active chemical substances having unpaired electron(s) which participate in the causation of precancerous lesions or cancer in tobacco habituates. Alterations in the antioxidant levels are reflected throughout the antioxidant enzyme activities in blood, wherein erythrocytes are considered highly sensitive to those enzymes. Our study was therefore aimed to assess the effects of tobacco consumption on erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme- Superoxide dismutase (E-SOD) and evaluate its defensive action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4970.18.04175-4DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Oral health consequences of smokeless tobacco use.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Jul;148(1):35-40

WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Cancer; King's College London, London, UK.

Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use has many oral effects including oral cancer, leukoplakia and erythroplakia, oral submucous fibrosis (if mixed with areca nut), loss of periodontal support (recession) and staining of teeth and composite restorations. This review was aimed to provide information to identify oral lesions that occur due to the use of smokeless tobacco so that effective interventions can be undertaken to reduce morbidity and mortality from the use of SLT. Read More

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http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2018/148/1/35/242218
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1793_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172921PMC
July 2018
35 Reads

Prevalence of Oral Premalignant Lesions and Its Risk Factors among the Adult Population in Udupi Taluk of Coastal Karnataka, India

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2018 Aug 24;19(8):2165-2170. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Email:

Objective: Globally oral cancer is one of the ten most common cancers with prevalence being high in Central and South East Asian countries. This survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of oral pre-malignant lesions (OPML) and to identify their risk factors. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among 2033 individuals aged ≥18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.8.2165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171372PMC
August 2018
8 Reads
1.500 Impact Factor

Is Sodium Carbonate in Snuff a Causative Factor for Oral Mucosal Lesions: A Cross-sectional Analysis.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):339-342. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Periodontology, Himachal Dental College and Hospital, Sundar-Nagar, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Aims And Objectives: Nicotine absorption through the mucous membrane is directly proportional to pH, so the snuff is buffered to pH of 8-9 by adding sodium carbonate. The objective of the present study is to assess the impact of various forms of sodium carbonate in snuff on mucosal conditions.

Materials And Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 284 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_134_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071358PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Molecular Pathogenesis of Chewable Tobacco.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 May;28(5):381-385

Department of Biochemistry, Ziauddin University, Clifton, Karachi.

In Pakistan, extensive use of several precarious chewable tobacco formulations has made oral cancer the second leading malignancy. Selection of literature was done by a survey of studies published from 1990 to 2017 mainly, from PUBMED and few from other search engines, on naswar, gutka, areca nut and betel quid, which included published reviews, original articles and other data sources on chewable tobacco, its epidemiology, pathological implications, and psychological effects. These studies have revealed that the chemicals in these formulations bind and mutate DNA of oral mucosa through down regulating cellular repair pathways and upregulating genetic networks associated with pathogenesis. Read More

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https://www.jcpsp.pk/data/view.php?id=2903&type=pdf&
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2018.05.381DOI Listing
May 2018
16 Reads

White oral mucosal lesions among the Yemeni population and their relation to local oral habits.

J Investig Clin Dent 2018 May 26;9(2):e12305. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Department of Oral Medicine, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen.

Aims: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of white oral mucosal lesions among Yemeni adults; in particular, those who chew khat and tobacco.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study included 1052 dental patients aged 15 years and older. A detailed oral examination was performed by a single examiner in accordance with standard international criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jicd.12305DOI Listing
May 2018
23 Reads

Prevalence of tobacco in Darbhanga district: A hospital-based cross-sectional study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2017 Jul-Sep;13(3):576-579

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Mithila Minority Dental College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India.

Introduction: Chewing tobacco, smoking, and consumption of alcoholic beverages have become common social habits in India. No study has been conducted so far in this part of Bihar regarding the prevalence of tobacco. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use, its influences, triggers, and associated oral lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.192793DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Cytological Changes in Normal Oral Mucosa of Individuals with Tobacco Habits: A Cytomorphometric Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2017 Aug 1;18(8):722-727. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Department of Oral Pathology, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Narketpally, Telangana, India.

Introduction: Oral cancer is one of the six most common cancers in the world, and globally more than 50% of head and neck cancers occur in Asia, remarkably in India. Overall, 200,000 cases of head and neck cancers occur each year in India, among which 80,000 are oral cancers. Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest a causative role of tobacco use in the evolution of oral potentially malignant and malignant disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2114DOI Listing
August 2017
19 Reads

Tobacco Abuse and Associated Oral Lesions among Interstate Migrant Construction Workers.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2017 Aug 1;18(8):695-699. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Aim: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2109DOI Listing
August 2017
66 Reads

Patterns of tobacco usage among subjects with potentially malignant oral lesions or conditions in Chennai city: A comparative study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2017 Apr-Jun;13(2):230-234

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: To determine the patterns of tobacco usage among subjects with potentially malignant oral lesions or conditions through a comparative study design.

Methods: The study was carried out in a span of 2 months on a sample of 120 subjects; 60 in case group (30 subjects with leukoplakia and oral submucous fibrosis [OSMF], respectively) and 60 subjects in control group (30 current smokers and current chewers, respectively), attending the tobacco cessation clinic at a private dental college hospital in Chennai city. Demographic data, details of tobacco usage, and Fagerstrom nicotine dependence scores (FNTD) were recorded in a prevalidated tobacco cessation intake form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.184519DOI Listing
April 2018
24 Reads

Use of rodent data for cancer risk assessment of smokeless tobacco in the regulatory context.

Authors:
Robert Nilsson

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2017 Aug 16;88:338-348. Epub 2017 Jun 16.

Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Vinča, Serbia. Electronic address:

To support risk management decisions, information from different fields has been integrated in this presentation to provide a realistic quantitative cancer risk assessment of smokeless tobacco. Smoking among Swedish men is currently below 10%, while about 20% use a special smokeless tobacco (snus) as a substitute for cigarettes. Epidemiological data and molecular biomarkers demonstrate that rodent bioassays with tobacco specific nitrosamines (TSNA) overestimate cancer risk from snus by more than one order of magnitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2017.06.005DOI Listing
August 2017
7 Reads

An epidemiological survey in hospital setup in Lucknow district: A cross-sectional study.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2016 Jul-Dec;7(2):173-177

Department of Statics, Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Oral cancer is the sixth most common form of cancer reported globally which includes lip, tongue, mouth, and throat. Developing countries face several challenges to identify and remove potential risk factors. Chewing tobacco/pan masala is considered to be the most potential risk factor for oral precancerous lesions and oral cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njms.NJMS_72_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5357919PMC
March 2017
19 Reads

Tobacco Use, Oral Health, and Risk of Parkinson's Disease.

Am J Epidemiol 2017 04;185(7):538-545

Few studies have investigated the associations between use of Swedish moist snuff (snus), associated poor oral health, and risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We followed 20,175 participants who were free of PD in 1973-1974 in Uppsala, Sweden, until the end of 2012. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate hazard ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for the associations between tobacco use, oral health indicators, and PD risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kww146DOI Listing
April 2017
18 Reads

Comparison of oral Candida species prevalence and carriage among gutka-chewers and betel-quid chewers.

J Pak Med Assoc 2017 Mar;67(3):350-354

Department of General Dentistry, Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester, NY, USA.

Objective: To compare prevalence and carriage of Candida species among gutka-chewers and betel-quid-chewers.

Methods: The cross-sectional case-control study was conducted between January and December, 2015 at the Oral Surgery department of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and the Dental department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and comprised oral yeast samples of gutka-chewers, betel-quid-chewers, and non-chewers. A standardised questionnaire was used to gather demographic data and oral hygiene maintenance information. Read More

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March 2017
8 Reads

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Women in Slums of Pimpri, Chinchwad, Pune, Maharashtra, India, regarding Usage of Mishri.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2017 Mar 1;18(3):218-221. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Shri. Yashwantrao Chavan Memorial Medical & Rural Development Foundation's Dental College & Hospital, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Mishri is one of the form of smokeless tobacco, which is a roasted, powdered preparation made by baking tobacco on a hot metal plate until it is uniformly black, after which it is powdered. It is noted that mishri use is more commonly used by the women of low socioeconomic status, hence the need was felt to conduct this study among women mishri users of slums. Also, the consequences of mishri use are little known, hence an effort is made to find out its ill-effect on oral health. Read More

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March 2017
9 Reads

Estimation of serum lactate dehydrogenase in smokeless tobacco consumers.

Indian J Dent Res 2016 Nov-Dec;27(6):602-608

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Statement Of Problem: Salivary and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been correlated with potentially malignant lesions. Salivary LDH levels require special testing and can be expensive. The need for a simple and cost-effective analysis tool is essential to detect the oral malignant lesions to benefit rural populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.199594DOI Listing
January 2018
25 Reads

Prevalence of oral ulcers and its association with addictions in rural population of western Uttar Pradesh and eastern Rajasthan.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2016 Sep-Dec;6(3):179-186. Epub 2016 May 4.

Biostatistics, Nayati Healthcare and Research Centre, Block 3A, 3rd Floor, DLF Corporate Park, DLF City, Gurgaon, Haryana 122002, India.

Background: Head and neck cancer in Indian perspective predominantly relates to tobacco use. The present study explores the prevalence of oral ulcers and its association with addictions among the population of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, India.

Methodology: The screening method in early detection of head and neck cancer is broadly symptom based. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2016.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5064978PMC
May 2016
15 Reads

Prevalence of Deleterious Oral Habits and Oral Mucosal Lesions among Fishermen Population of Mahe, South India.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Sep 1;17(9):745-749. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Department of Periodontics, Royal Dental College, Palakkad Kerala, India.

Introduction: Fishing is an occupation associated with uneven diet, strain, drunkenness, tobacco use, and deleterious habits. The physical state of laborers on a large scale will also be influenced by conditions at their work site. Oral mucosal lesions can occur as a result of infections, local shock or infuriation, systemic diseases, and uncontrolled usage of tobacco, betel quid, and alcohol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1923DOI Listing
September 2016
6 Reads

Assessing the Risk of Oral Cancer associated with Gutka and Other Smokeless Tobacco Products: A Case-control Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Sep 1;17(9):740-744. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Tobacco and tobacco-related products have been attributed to be causative factors for oral cancer. Newer, chewable, and commercially available smokeless tobacco (ST) products, such as gutka pose further threat in this direction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of oral cancer associated with gutka and other ST products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1922DOI Listing
September 2016
26 Reads

Prevalence of most commonly reported tobacco-associated lesions in central Gujarat: A hospital-based cross-sectional study.

Indian J Dent Res 2016 Jul-Aug;27(4):405-409

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manubhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Background: Oral cancer is a major health problem in tobacco users worldwide and is one of the ten most common cancers. India alone accounts for 1/3 rd of the world's oral cancer and has a high rate of potentially malignant disorders (PMDs). The most common predisposing factors are smoking, smokeless tobacco, betel nut in quid form (pan), alcohol, spicy food, and sharp broken tooth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.191890DOI Listing
October 2017
10 Reads

Association of Smokeless Tobacco with Oral Cancer - Evidence From the South Asian Studies: A Systematic Review.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2016 Sep;26(9):775-80

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Smokeless tobacco (SLT) is associated with many heath hazards including oral cancer. Its use is more common in South Asian countries. The current paper aims to systematically review the South Asian studies to assess the association of SLT and oral cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/2434DOI Listing
September 2016
28 Reads

Swedish snuff (snus) and its effects on oral health: an update

Swiss Dent J 2016 ;126(9):799-811

Klinik für Parodontologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Swedish snus (smokeless moist tobacco) is becoming increasingly popular in Switzerland. Consumption and import of snus are permitted in Switzerland, however, sales were prohibited in 2004 by the European Court. Snus is an addictive nicotine containing product, which additionally contains carcinogenic nitrosamines. Read More

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January 2017
21 Reads

Betel Quid and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders in a Periurban Township in Myanmar.

PLoS One 2016 9;11(9):e0162081. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

University of Dental Medicine, Yangon, Myanmar.

This study aims to describe betel quid chewing practice and compare oral potentially malignant disorders between chewers and non-chewers of betel quid among residents in Dagon Myothit (East) Township, Myanmar. The study used a cross-sectional design conducted with a representative sample of 542 adults aged 18 years and above in the township. The trained interviewers collected data using a pretested structured questionnaire. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162081PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5017671PMC
August 2017
29 Reads
3 Citations
3.234 Impact Factor

Smokeless tobacco and oral potentially malignant disorders in South Asia: a protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2016 08 24;5(1):142. Epub 2016 Aug 24.

Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-(BIPS), Achterstrasse 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany.

Introduction: Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) are chronic lesions or conditions characterized by a potential for malignant transformation. Apart from being possible pre-cursors to oral cancer, OPMDs themselves are usually painful and debilitating conditions having an influence on the quality of life, both in terms of pain and social disability. Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is considered a major risk factor for OPMDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0320-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4997723PMC
August 2016
15 Reads

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF ARECA/SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERS ABOUT ORAL CANCER.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2016 Jan-Mar;28(1):164-7

Background: According to World Health Organization (WHO), six million deaths are attributable to tobacco use globally, of which nearly 1.2 million occur in South-East Asia. Use of smokeless tobacco is highly prevalent in subcontinent and is home to over 250 million smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Read More

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August 2016
12 Reads

Frequency of Addictive Habits and its Association with Oral Diseases Among a Cross Section of Indian Police Personnel Connotation.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2016 May;26(5):403-7

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's Dental Academy, Bhopal, India.

Objective: To assess the frequency of adverse addictive habits, specially alcohol and tobacco usage, among police personnel of Bhopal City, Central India and its association with the frequency of oral mucosal lesions and periodontal diseases.

Study Design: Across-sectional analytical study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Bhopal City, Capital of Madhya Pradesh State, Central India, from February to April 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/2324DOI Listing
May 2016
11 Reads

Role of human papillomavirus and tumor suppressor genes in oral cancer.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2016 Jan-Apr;20(1):106-10

Department of Oral Pathology, Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India.

The incidence of oral cancer remains high and is associated with many deaths in both Western and Asian countries. Several risk factors for the development of oral cancer are now well known, including smoking, drinking and consumption of smokeless tobacco products. Genetic predisposition to oral cancer has been found in certain cases, but its components are not yet entirely clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-029X.180958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4860909PMC
May 2016
10 Reads

Role of human papilloma virus in oral leukoplakia.

Indian J Cancer 2016 Jan-Mar;53(1):206-9

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Controversy surrounds regarding the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oral precancerous and cancerous lesions in India where smokeless, tobacco consumption is rampant.

Aims: The present study was carried out with an aim to investigate the presence and type of HPV infection in oropharyngeal leukoplakia and to determine the association of HPV positivity with various patient and lesion characteristics.

Settings And Design: Prospective case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.180812DOI Listing
April 2017
20 Reads

Quantitative analysis of agnor counts of buccal mucosal cells of chewers and non chewers of gutkha: A comparative cytologic study.

J Cancer Res Ther 2016 Jan-Mar;12(1):228-31

Department of Oral Pathology, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Maharashtra, India.

Aims And Objectives: The present study was taken up to evaluate the AgNOR counts in the buccal mucosa cells of gutkha chewers and compare that with the sex-matched controls.

Materials And Methods: In all, 100 gutkha chewers and 50 sex-matched non-chewers (controls) were chosen. None of the patients in both groups had any clinical oral lesions or systemic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.148713DOI Listing
December 2016
11 Reads

Various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions.

J Clin Exp Dent 2016 Apr 1;8(2):e172-7. Epub 2016 Apr 1.

Post graduate student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vishnu dental college, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: To study the various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions among the patients attending Vishnu Dental College Bhimavaram.

Material And Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 450 patients who were divided into three groups based upon type of tobacco use, as Group-1 Reverse smoking, Group-2 Conventional smoking, Group-3 Smokeless tobacco group and each group consists of 150 subjects.

Results: Reverse smoking was observed to be more prevalent among old females with smoker's palate and carcinomatous lesions being the most common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.52654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4808313PMC
April 2016
41 Reads

Comparative study of frequency of micronuclei in normal, potentially malignant diseases and oral squamous cell carcinoma.

J Nat Sci Biol Med 2016 Jan-Jun;7(1):33-8

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India.

Context: The assessment of micronuclei (MN) in exfoliated oral epithelial cells is a promising tool for the study of epithelial carcinogens and can be used to detect chromosome breakage or mitotic interference, thought to be relevant to carcinogenesis.

Aims: To detect MN in exfoliated oral mucosal cells in individuals using various tobacco forms and also to detect frequency of MN in premalignant lesions and conditions (potentially malignant diseases [PMD's]) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). To correlate frequency of MN in oral exfoliated cells in clinically diagnosed cases of OSCC followed by a histopathological grading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-9668.175049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4780163PMC
March 2016
13 Reads