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    Estimation of serum lactate dehydrogenase in smokeless tobacco consumers.
    Indian J Dent Res 2016 Nov-Dec;27(6):602-608
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Statement Of Problem: Salivary and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been correlated with potentially malignant lesions. Salivary LDH levels require special testing and can be expensive. The need for a simple and cost-effective analysis tool is essential to detect the oral malignant lesions to benefit rural populations. Read More

    Smokeless Tobacco and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders in South Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Nicotine Tob Res 2016 Dec 7. Epub 2016 Dec 7.
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-BIPS GmbH, Bremen, Germany.
    Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) are chronic lesions or conditions characterized by a potential for malignant transformation. While recent meta-analyses show that smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is a risk factor for oral cancer in South Asia, there is a lack of pooled evidence regarding SLT use and the development of OPMDs. We searched Medline via PubMed, the Science Citation Index (SCI) via Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Global Index Medicus and Google Scholar databases for relevant literature using a combination of keywords and MeSH terms. Read More

    Prevalence of oral ulcers and its association with addictions in rural population of western Uttar Pradesh and eastern Rajasthan.
    J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2016 Sep-Dec;6(3):179-186. Epub 2016 May 4.
    Biostatistics, Nayati Healthcare and Research Centre, Block 3A, 3rd Floor, DLF Corporate Park, DLF City, Gurgaon, Haryana 122002, India.
    Background: Head and neck cancer in Indian perspective predominantly relates to tobacco use. The present study explores the prevalence of oral ulcers and its association with addictions among the population of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, India.

    Methodology: The screening method in early detection of head and neck cancer is broadly symptom based. Read More

    Prevalence of Deleterious Oral Habits and Oral Mucosal Lesions among Fishermen Population of Mahe, South India.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Sep 1;17(9):745-749. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Department of Periodontics, Royal Dental College, Palakkad Kerala, India.
    Introduction: Fishing is an occupation associated with uneven diet, strain, drunkenness, tobacco use, and deleterious habits. The physical state of laborers on a large scale will also be influenced by conditions at their work site. Oral mucosal lesions can occur as a result of infections, local shock or infuriation, systemic diseases, and uncontrolled usage of tobacco, betel quid, and alcohol. Read More

    Assessing the Risk of Oral Cancer associated with Gutka and Other Smokeless Tobacco Products: A Case-control Study.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Sep 1;17(9):740-744. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    Introduction: Tobacco and tobacco-related products have been attributed to be causative factors for oral cancer. Newer, chewable, and commercially available smokeless tobacco (ST) products, such as gutka pose further threat in this direction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of oral cancer associated with gutka and other ST products. Read More

    Prevalence of most commonly reported tobacco-associated lesions in central Gujarat: A hospital-based cross-sectional study.
    Indian J Dent Res 2016 Jul-Aug;27(4):405-409
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manubhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
    Background: Oral cancer is a major health problem in tobacco users worldwide and is one of the ten most common cancers. India alone accounts for 1/3 rd of the world's oral cancer and has a high rate of potentially malignant disorders (PMDs). The most common predisposing factors are smoking, smokeless tobacco, betel nut in quid form (pan), alcohol, spicy food, and sharp broken tooth. Read More

    Association of Smokeless Tobacco with Oral Cancer - Evidence From the South Asian Studies: A Systematic Review.
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2016 Sep;26(9):775-80
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
    Smokeless tobacco (SLT) is associated with many heath hazards including oral cancer. Its use is more common in South Asian countries. The current paper aims to systematically review the South Asian studies to assess the association of SLT and oral cancer. Read More

    Swiss Dent J 2016;126(9):799-811
    Klinik für Parodontologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Swedish snus (smokeless moist tobacco) is becoming increasingly popular in Switzerland. Consumption and import of snus are permitted in Switzerland, however, sales were prohibited in 2004 by the European Court. Snus is an addictive nicotine containing product, which additionally contains carcinogenic nitrosamines. Read More

    Betel Quid and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders in a Periurban Township in Myanmar.
    PLoS One 2016 9;11(9):e0162081. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    University of Dental Medicine, Yangon, Myanmar.
    This study aims to describe betel quid chewing practice and compare oral potentially malignant disorders between chewers and non-chewers of betel quid among residents in Dagon Myothit (East) Township, Myanmar. The study used a cross-sectional design conducted with a representative sample of 542 adults aged 18 years and above in the township. The trained interviewers collected data using a pretested structured questionnaire. Read More

    Smokeless tobacco and oral potentially malignant disorders in South Asia: a protocol for a systematic review.
    Syst Rev 2016 Aug 24;5(1):142. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-(BIPS), Achterstrasse 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany.
    Introduction: Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) are chronic lesions or conditions characterized by a potential for malignant transformation. Apart from being possible pre-cursors to oral cancer, OPMDs themselves are usually painful and debilitating conditions having an influence on the quality of life, both in terms of pain and social disability. Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is considered a major risk factor for OPMDs. Read More

    J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2016 Jan-Mar;28(1):164-7
    Background: According to World Health Organization (WHO), six million deaths are attributable to tobacco use globally, of which nearly 1.2 million occur in South-East Asia. Use of smokeless tobacco is highly prevalent in subcontinent and is home to over 250 million smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Read More

    Role of human papillomavirus and tumor suppressor genes in oral cancer.
    J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2016 Jan-Apr;20(1):106-10
    Department of Oral Pathology, Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India.
    The incidence of oral cancer remains high and is associated with many deaths in both Western and Asian countries. Several risk factors for the development of oral cancer are now well known, including smoking, drinking and consumption of smokeless tobacco products. Genetic predisposition to oral cancer has been found in certain cases, but its components are not yet entirely clear. Read More

    Role of human papilloma virus in oral leukoplakia.
    Indian J Cancer 2016 Jan-Mar;53(1):206-9
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Background: Controversy surrounds regarding the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oral precancerous and cancerous lesions in India where smokeless, tobacco consumption is rampant.

    Aims: The present study was carried out with an aim to investigate the presence and type of HPV infection in oropharyngeal leukoplakia and to determine the association of HPV positivity with various patient and lesion characteristics.

    Settings And Design: Prospective case series. Read More

    Quantitative analysis of agnor counts of buccal mucosal cells of chewers and non chewers of gutkha: A comparative cytologic study.
    J Cancer Res Ther 2016 Jan-Mar;12(1):228-31
    Department of Oral Pathology, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Maharashtra, India.
    Aims And Objectives: The present study was taken up to evaluate the AgNOR counts in the buccal mucosa cells of gutkha chewers and compare that with the sex-matched controls.

    Materials And Methods: In all, 100 gutkha chewers and 50 sex-matched non-chewers (controls) were chosen. None of the patients in both groups had any clinical oral lesions or systemic diseases. Read More

    Various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2016 Apr 1;8(2):e172-7. Epub 2016 Apr 1.
    Post graduate student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vishnu dental college, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Background: To study the various forms of tobacco usage and its associated oral mucosal lesions among the patients attending Vishnu Dental College Bhimavaram.

    Material And Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 450 patients who were divided into three groups based upon type of tobacco use, as Group-1 Reverse smoking, Group-2 Conventional smoking, Group-3 Smokeless tobacco group and each group consists of 150 subjects.

    Results: Reverse smoking was observed to be more prevalent among old females with smoker's palate and carcinomatous lesions being the most common. Read More

    Comparative study of frequency of micronuclei in normal, potentially malignant diseases and oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    J Nat Sci Biol Med 2016 Jan-Jun;7(1):33-8
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India.
    Context: The assessment of micronuclei (MN) in exfoliated oral epithelial cells is a promising tool for the study of epithelial carcinogens and can be used to detect chromosome breakage or mitotic interference, thought to be relevant to carcinogenesis.

    Aims: To detect MN in exfoliated oral mucosal cells in individuals using various tobacco forms and also to detect frequency of MN in premalignant lesions and conditions (potentially malignant diseases [PMD's]) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). To correlate frequency of MN in oral exfoliated cells in clinically diagnosed cases of OSCC followed by a histopathological grading. Read More

    High Prevalence of Tobacco Use and Associated Oral Mucosal Lesion Among Interstate Male Migrant Workers in Urban Kerala, India.
    Iran J Cancer Prev 2015 Dec 23;8(6):e3876. Epub 2015 Dec 23.
    Academy of Medical Sciences, Community Medicine, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kannur, India.
    Background: Kerala is a highly urbanized state in India and interstate migrant laborers working there forms a marginalized community. It was generally perceived that use of tobacco and alcohol was high among the workers, but there are no epidemiological studies assessing the actual burden.

    Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of use of tobacco and also the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions associated with such use consumption among the adult male interstate migrant workers in North Kerala. Read More

    Inhibition by blueberries (bilberries) and extract from milk thistle of rat forestomach hyperplasia induced by oral smokeless tobacco (Swedish snus).
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2016 Apr 28;76:94-101. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Vinča, Belgrade, Serbia.
    The aim of this study was to identify palatable additives which have a significant protective action against soft tissue changes in the oral cavity caused by Swedish smokeless tobacco ("snus"), and that satisfy existing legal requirements. Although the cancer risk from snus is extremely low, long term use may result in highly undesirable keratotic lesions and associated epithelial abnormalities in the oral cavity. The rat forestomach, which is vulnerable to the irritative action of non-genotoxic compounds like butylated hydroxyanisole, propionic acid as well as snus, was chosen as an experimental model. Read More

    Association between Shammah Use and Oral Leukoplakia-like Lesions among Adult Males in Dawan Valley, Yemen.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015 ;16(18):8365-70
    Community Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia , Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia E-mail :
    Background: Shammah is a traditional form of snuff dipping tobacco (a smokeless tobacco form) that is commonly used in Yemen. Oral mucosal changes due to the use of shammah can usually be observed in the mucosal surfaces that the product touches. The aim of this study was to determine the association between shammah use and oral leukoplakia-like lesions. Read More

    Oral squamous cell carcinoma: Key clinical questions, biomarker discovery, and the role of proteomics.
    Arch Oral Biol 2016 Mar 25;63:53-65. Epub 2015 Nov 25.
    School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Background: The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are relatively poorly understood and remain a subject of significant importance. However, it is well established that OSCC is associated with a variety of risk factors and notably, the high incidence rates of OSCC found in developing countries are attributable to exposure to different forms of smokeless tobacco. Despite this, the way these factors contribute to the disease pathogenesis and, in particular, the transformation from oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) to primary tumor remains unknown. Read More

    Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among chewing tobacco users: A cross-sectional study.
    Indian J Dent Res 2015 Sep-Oct;26(5):537-41
    Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology, M S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Context: The increasing use of chewing tobacco (CT) in the last 10-12 years has led to an increased incidence of potentially malignant oral disorders and frank oral malignancies.

    Aim: To determine the frequency of oral mucosal lesions and to correlate the dose-response relationship among CT users of Bengaluru North province.

    Settings And Design: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a randomized cluster sample of adults in low-income group (slums), of Bengaluru North, Karnataka state, India. Read More

    Qualitative and quantitative analysis of palmar dermatoglyphics among smokeless tobacco users.
    Indian J Dent Res 2015 Sep-Oct;26(5):483-7
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Context: Palm prints formed once does not change throughout life and is not influenced by environment. Palmar Dermatoglyphics can indicate the development of potentially malignant and malignant lesions and help in identifying persons at high risk of developing Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSSC).

    Aim: To analyze the qualitative [finger ridge pattern and presence or absence of hypothenar pattern] and quantitative [mean ATD angle and total AB ridge count] variations in Palmar Dermatoglyphics in patients suffering from OSMF and OSCC. Read More

    White lesions in the oral cavity: clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment.
    Semin Cutan Med Surg 2015 Dec;34(4):161-70
    Departments of Orofacial Sciences, Radiation Oncology, and Pathology, and the Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
    White lesions in the oral cavity are common and have multiple etiologies, some of which are also associated with dermatological disease. While most intraoral white lesions are benign, some are premalignant and/or malignant at the time of clinical presentation, making it extremely important to accurately identify and appropriately manage these lesions. Due to their similar clinical appearances, it may be difficult sometimes to differentiate benign white lesions from their premalignant/malignant counterparts. Read More

    Smokeless Tobacco-associated Lesions: A Mobile Health Approach.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2015 Oct 1;16(10):813-8. Epub 2015 Oct 1.
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Aim: Globally, India accounts for the highest number of oral cancer cases. The survival rates are about 30% lower than those in developing countries. The main reason for these dismal figures is the late presentation of patients. Read More

    Exploratory Study to Evaluate Changes in Serum Lipid Levels as Early Diagnostic and/or Prognostic Indicators for Oral Submucous Fibrosis and Cancer among Gutkha Consumers in India.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015 ;16(15):6439-44
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Peoples College of Dental Science and Research Center, Bhopal (MP), India E-mail :
    Background: In India smokeless tobacco users account for 25.9% of total tobacco use, Gutkha being the most common form. This study evaluated the association between serum lipid profile and Gutkha use as an early diagnostic and/or prognostic indicator for oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and oral cancer (Oral Ca) in non-smokers and non-alcohol consumers. Read More

    Factors associated with geographic tongue and fissured tongue.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2016 18;74(3):210-6. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
    a Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology , Institute of Odontology, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of systemic diseases, use of medications, allergies and tobacco habits with geographic tongue (GT) and fissured tongue (FT) lesions. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the clinical characteristics of tongue lesions and to compare the overall results for referred and non-referred patients.

    Methodology: Non-referred patients with GT (GTgp; n = 130) and FT (FTgp; n = 62) were examined by general practitioners (gp) and compared to a control group without oral mucosal lesions (C; n = 1029). Read More

    Lichenoid Features and Fibrosis: Coexistence in Quid-induced Oral Lesions.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2015 May 1;16(5):389-93. Epub 2015 May 1.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, DA Pandu Memorial RV Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and quid associated oral lichenoid lesions (QOLL) are caused because of areca nut chewing and both show very characteristic histological changes. The present study aims to determine the histopathological presence of lichenoid features in cases of OSF as well as to determine the presence of fibrosis in cases of QOLL.

    Materials And Methods: The study involved the retrospective analysis of hematoxylin and eosin stained slides of OSF (n = 50) and QOLL (n = 16). Read More

    Assessment of oral mucosal lesions among eunuchs residing in Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh, India: a cross-sectional study.
    Indian J Public Health 2015 Jan-Mar;59(1):24-9
    Post Graduate Student, People's Dental Academy, People's University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Aim: The present cross-sectional study following the STROBE guidelines was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among males, females, and eunuchs residing in Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh India.

    Materials And Methods: Based on convenient non-probability snowball sampling technique, all the self-identified eunuchs residing in the city of Bhopal who were present at the time of examination and who fulfilled the selection criteria were examined. A cross section of the general population (males and females) residing in the same locality where these eunuchs live was also examined. Read More

    Screening for smokeless tobacco use and presence of oral lesions in major league baseball athletes.
    J Calif Dent Assoc 2015 Jan;43(1):14-20
    The historically disproportionate use of smokeless tobacco (ST) by baseball players is well documented. Oral mucosal lesions (OML) are associated with ST use. Prevalence of ST use and OMLs was assessed among a sample of Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MiLB) athletes, while also assessing behavioral and demographic risk factors. Read More

    Public awareness and knowledge of oral cancer in Yemen.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(24):10861-5
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Al-Farabi College of Dentistry and Nursing, Saudi Arabia, Department of Oral Medicine, Sana'a University, Yemen, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia E-mail :
    Background: Oral cancer is in increasing in incidence in Yemen and indeed worldwide. Knowledge regarding risk factors and early signs in the general population can help in prevention and early detection of the disease.

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the level of awareness and knowledge of oral cancer in the general population in Yemen. Read More

    Clinicopathologic evaluation of lesions associated with tobacco usage.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2014 Jul 1;15(4):466-72. Epub 2014 Jul 1.
    Private Practitioner, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Introduction: Tobacco usage in different forms is the single most common etiological factor responsible for oral cancers. The aim of the present study was to record various mucosal lesions associated with tobacco usage and to ascertain the prevalence of dysplasia in them by histopathological evaluation and to compare the extent of dysplastic features seen among patients associated with a habit of smoked and smokeless form of tobacco.

    Materials And Methods: Seventy-six patients with the clinical diagnosis of tobacco related lesions (Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia, Nicotina stomatitis, Tobacco pouch keratosis) were selected. Read More

    Socioeconomic mobility and tobacco consumption patterns in fish industry workers in Udupi District of coastal Karnataka.
    Indian J Dent Res 2014 Sep-Oct;25(5):653-6
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal University, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
    Aim: The aim of this study was to understand the tobacco consumption patterns and their relationship with life course socioeconomic mobility among fish industry workers as this could provide important information in dealing with the tobacco problem in this very vulnerable population.

    Materials And Methods: Socioeconomic life course data and information about tobacco habits was collected from 102 fish industry workers. A subject was considered to be upwardly mobile if the family head's educational attainment and the number of earning members increased and the number of children and dependents decreased since childhood in his or her household. Read More

    A review of Indian literature for association of smokeless tobacco with malignant and premalignant diseases of head and neck region.
    Indian J Cancer 2014 July-September;51(3):200-208
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    In India, about 60% of tobacco users use smokeless tobacco (ST) alone. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in India. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) monograph (Vol 89) found a significant association between ST use and oral cancer. Read More

    Risk Factor Analysis for Oral Precancer among Slum Dwellers in Delhi, India.
    Ann Med Health Sci Res 2014 Sep;4(Suppl 3):S218-22
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, People's Dental Academy, People's University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Background: An outfall of urbanization in developing countries has been the mushrooming of slums where dwellers live in pitiable environmental conditions representing the lowest rung of social strata. This group is more vulnerable to practicing deleterious social habits, including tobacco and alcohol abuse.

    Aim: The present study was undertaken to understand the strength of association between risk factors suspected of causing oral precancer among slum dwellers in Delhi. Read More

    Assessment of oral mucosal lesions among psychiatric inmates residing in central jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India: A cross-sectional survey.
    Indian J Psychiatry 2014 Jul;56(3):265-70
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, People's Dental Academy, People's University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Aim: The aim of the current cross-sectional study was to assess oral mucosal lesions among psychiatric jail patients residing in central jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

    Materials And Methods: The study subjects consisted of prediagnosed psychiatric patients residing in central jail, Bhopal. A matched control consisting of cross section of the population, that is, jail inmates residing in the same central jail locality was also examined to compare the psychiatric subjects. Read More

    Epidemiology, control and prevention of tobacco induced oral mucosal lesions in India.
    Indian J Cancer 2014 Jan-Mar;51(1):80-5
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, YMT Dental College and Hospital, Institutional Area, Sector 4, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Oral cancer is one of the leading causes of human morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries like India. Tobacco consumption in smokeless and smoking form along with alcohol is considered as the primary risk factors. Tobacco is a major health challenge with various tobacco products available for use which are known to have deleterious effects on the oral mucosa. Read More

    Prevalence of oral pre-malignant lesions and its risk factors in an Indian subcontinent low income migrant group in Qatar.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(10):4325-9
    Maxillofacial Surgery King Fahd Military Medical Complex, 2Periodontology, Hamad Medical Corporation, 3Orthodontology, Dr. Johnny's Dental Clinic, Doha, Qatar E-mail :
    Background: The expatriate population in Qatar largely comprises workers from the Indian subcontinent which has a very high rate of oral malignancy. Social and cultural habits and as well premalignant risk factors in this population remain prevalent even after migration.

    Materials And Methods: This cross sectional study assessed the prevalence of risk factors and occurrence of oral precancerous lesions in a low income group expatriate community from the Indian subcontinent residing in Qatar. Read More

    The Correlation between the Frequency of Oral Lesions and the Amount of Smokeless Tobacco Usage in Patients Referred to Oral Medicine Department of Zahedan Dental School.
    J Dent (Shiraz) 2014 Jun;15(2):81-5
    Statement Of Problem: The increasing use of smokeless tobacco in the last 15 years has motivated researchers to evaluate its impact on its user's health.

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of oral lesions related to smokeless tobacco and any possible correlation between the frequency of oral lesions and the amount of usage in patients referred to Zahedan Dental School.

    Materials And Method: A total of 90 (77 male and 13 female) cases, all snuff consumers, were surveyed in this cross sectional study which was accomplished by employing questionnaires. Read More

    Analysis of salivary secretor status in patients with oral submucous fibrosis: a case-control study.
    J Investig Clin Dent 2015 Nov 22;6(4):261-6. Epub 2014 May 22.
    Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Sri Dharamasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
    Aim: Many individuals have various tobacco-related habits, yet only some develop clinical manifestation of lesions. This raises the question of whether there any inherent or host risk factors involved in the pathogenesis which need to be further investigated. The aim of the present study was to analyze the ABO antigen, secretor status, and blood groups of patients. Read More

    Surgical approach to snus-induced injury of the oral mucosa.
    J Oral Sci 2014 Mar;56(1):91-4
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Central Hospital.
    Snus (Swedish moist snuff) causes lesions in the oral mucosa at the location where pinches are regularly placed. In addition, some patients develop irreversible local gingival recession and sometimes ulcers with perforations to the roots. Such injuries lead to denuded roots that are at risk for caries and periodontal disease, with subsequent esthetic consequences. Read More

    Potentially malignant disorders of the oral cavity: a clinical study.
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014 Jan 13;66(1):79-85. Epub 2013 Oct 13.
    Sanjeevan Medical Foundation PG ENT Institute, Miraj, Sangli, 416410 Maharashtra India.
    Oral cancers in India, unlike in the West are the most common cancers encountered, be it a primary or a tertiary referral practice. This makes the study and management of these cancers an important issue especially for the otolaryngologist. It is well known that the most common variant of oral cancers is the squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

    Prevalence of potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions among tobacco users in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(2):757-62
    Department of Oral Medicine, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia(KSA) E-mail :
    Smoking is recognized as a health problem worldwide and there is an established tobacco epidemic in Saudi Arabia as in many other countries, with tobacco users at increased risk of developing many diseases. This cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal, potentially malignant or malignant, lesions associated with tobacco use among a stratified cluster sample of adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A sample size of 599 was collected and each participant underwent clinical conventional oral examination and filled a questionnaire providing information on demographics, tobacco use and other relevant habits. Read More

    Gingivobuccal mucosal cancers: resection to reconstruction.
    Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014 Apr;22(2):95-100
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, India.
    Purpose Of Review: Oral cancer is rapidly emerging as a major health problem across the globe. The Southeast Asian subcontinent has a high incidence of oral cancer and gingivobuccal complex forms the commonest subsite. The habit of chewing smokeless tobacco and areca nut are mainly responsible for this site predilection. Read More

    An overview of the risk factors associated with multiple oral premalignant lesions with a case report of extensive field cancerization in a female patient.
    Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2015 Jun 3;159(2):178-83. Epub 2014 Jan 3.
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Babu Banarasi Das College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, India.
    Background: Field cancerization is a well-known and well-documented process of malignant transformation first coined by Slaughter et al. in 1953. Tobacco chewing was associated with the greatest increase in the risk of multiple oral premalignant lesions and may be the major source of field cancerization of the oral cavity in the Indian population. Read More

    Insight to a tobacco user's mouth: An epidemiological study in Bhopal.
    J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2014 Jan-Apr;4(1):14-8. Epub 2014 Apr 21.
    Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, People's College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Background: The rampant tobacco abuse is escalating the Indian health sector towards a future overburdened with high prevalence of cancer and potentially malignant conditions. Thus manifestations of tobacco abuse have become a widely recognized but poorly tackled public health issue. To understand the same, a study was conducted in a dental college of Bhopal, India. Read More

    Prevalence and association of lifestyle factors with extracranial carotid atherosclerosis in non-cardioembolic anterior circulation strokes in adult males less than 50 years: One year cross-sectional study.
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2013 Oct;16(4):516-20
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neurology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Alipore, India.
    Background: Data is scarce on prevalence of extracranial carotid atherosclerosis (ECA) in strokes <50 years and its association with lifestyle factors.

    Objective: Study role of (a) ECA in non-cardio-embolic anterior circulation young strokes, and (b) smoking and alcohol in ECA.

    Materials And Methods: Cardiovascular risk factors and evidence of ECA on carotid doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was evaluated in an one-year preliminary cross-sectional study of consecutive strokes between 20 years and 49 years. Read More

    Smokeless tobacco use, tooth loss and oral health issues among adults in Cameroon.
    Afr Health Sci 2013 Sep;13(3):785-90
    Department of Community Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Background: Tobacco use in smokeless and smoked forms is preventable cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide.

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use and the association with tooth loss and oral health problems among adults in Cameroon.

    Methods: Adults dwelling in the Fokoue area of West Region of Cameroon were studied. Read More

    Tobacco use and oral health of inmates in a Nigerian prison.
    Niger J Clin Pract 2013 Oct-Dec;16(4):473-7
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.
    Objectives: To determine the effect of tobacco use on oral health status of inmates of a federal prison in Enugu, Nigeria.

    Materials And Methods: The study involved 230 inmates of the Nigerian Prison in Enugu. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on the demographic characteristics of the participants, oral hygiene methods, and smoking habits. Read More

    Oral Candida carriage among individuals chewing betel-quid with and without tobacco.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2013 Oct 17;116(4):427-32. Epub 2013 Aug 17.
    Engineer Abdullah Bugshan Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, 3D Imaging and Biomechanical Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:
    Objective: The aim was to assess oral Candida carriage among individuals chewing betel-quid (BQ) with and without tobacco.

    Study Design: A retrospective and comparative study of oral Candida carriage among individuals chewing BQ with and without tobacco. Oral yeast samples were collected from 103 BQ-chewers (52 chewing BQ with tobacco and 51 chewing BQ without tobacco) and 100 non-chewers. Read More

    Association of smokeless tobacco use and smoking in adolescents in the United States: an analysis of data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey, 2011.
    J Am Dent Assoc 2013 Aug;144(8):930-8
    Department of Dental Practice and Rural Health, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, 104A Health Sciences Center Addition, P.O. Box 9448, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
    Background: Using smokeless tobacco and smoking are behaviors that increase the risk of developing oral cancer, soft-tissue lesions, caries, periodontal disease and other oral conditions. The author conducted a study to examine use of smokeless tobacco and smoking by adolescents.

    Methods: The study was a cross-sectional analysis of participants with complete data regarding smoking, smokeless tobacco use and other variables of interest from the 2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey (n = 9,655). Read More

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