1,374,486 results match your criteria Small [Journal]
PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0205052. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
School of Life Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuda-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
The principle of three-dimensional protein structure formation is a long-standing conundrum in structural biology. A globular domain of a soluble protein is formed by a network of atomic contacts among amino acid residues, but regions without intramolecular non-local contacts are often observed in the protein structure, especially in loop, linker, and peripheral segments with secondary structures. Although these regions can play key roles for protein function as interfaces for intermolecular interactions, their nature remains unclear. Read More
Oncol Res Treat 2018 Dec 12;42(1-2). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Background: There are no standard cytotoxic treatments for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients beyond third-line therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of amrubicin in pretreated NSCLC patients.
Methods: The records of NSCLC patients who received amrubicin monotherapy as a third or later line of chemotherapy at Shizuoka General Hospital between April 2007 and March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More
Audiol Neurootol 2018 Dec 11;23(5):270-276. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Advanced Bionics, Valencia, California, USA.
Objective: Our primary aim was to determine, in a simulation of a crowded restaurant, the value to speech understanding of (i) a unilateral cochlear implant (CI), (ii) a CI plus CROS (contralateral routing of signals) aid system and (iii) bilateral CIs when tested with and without beamforming microphones.
Design: The listeners were 7 CI listeners who had used bilateral CIs for an average of 9 years. The listeners were tested with three device configurations (bilateral CI, unilateral CI + CROS, and unilateral CI), two signal processing conditions (without and with beamformers) and with speech either from +90°, -90°, or from the front. Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 11;51(5):2397-2420. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Research Center for Nutrition and Food Safety, Institute of Military Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing,
Background/aims: Lipid droplets (LDs) are dynamic organelles that store neutral lipids during times of energy excess, and an increased accumulation of LDs in the liver is closely linked to hepatic steatosis. Our previous studies suggested that resveratrol (RSV) supplement could improve hepatic steatosis, but the underlying mechanism, particularly which related to LD accumulation, has not yet been elucidated.
Methods: A high-fat diet (HFD) and palmitic acid were used to induce hepatic steatosis in mouse liver and hepatocytes, respectively. Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 7;51(5):2324-2340. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Prevention Medicine, School of Public Health, Mudanjiang Medical College, Mudanjiang City,
Background/aims: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are key regulators in the development and progression of human cancers, however its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumorigenesis is not well understood. The aim of this study is to identify the expression level of circPVT1 in NSCLC and further investigated its functional relevance with NSCLC progression both in vitro and in vivo.
Methods: Quantative real-time PCR was used for the measurement of circPVT1 in NSCLC specimens and cell lines. Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 7;51(5):2262-2274. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Background/aims: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in multiple malignant tumors involved in tumor growth and metastasis. Accumulating data show that small nucleolar RNA host gene (SNHG) 1/12/20 plays a key role in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms by which SNHG8 contributes to HCC remain elusive and merit exploration. Read More
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2018 Dec 11;81(1):24-35. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit, Neurosensorial Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy.
Objective: The buccal fat pad (BFP) has been progressively introduced into clinical practice for oral defect reconstruction. This study describes our experience with this technique and compares indications in the literature and outcomes.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled 24 patients presenting oral surgical defects and treated between January 2012 and January 2015 at our institution. Read More
Horm Res Paediatr 2018 Dec 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.
Background/aims: Mutations in the DAX1 gene cause X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) classically associated with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Unexpectedly, precocious puberty (PP) has been reported in some cases, its mechanism remaining unclear.
Methods: We longitudinally studied a boy with AHC due to DAX1 gene mutation who developed peripheral PP at age 4. Read More
Nanotechnology 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, ISRAEL.
Molecular self-assembly is a major approach for the fabrication of functional supramolecular nanomaterials. This dynamic, straightforward, bottom-up procedure may result in the formation of various architectures at the nano-scale, with remarkable physical and chemical characteristics. Biological and bio-inspired building blocks are especially attractive due to their intrinsic tendency to assemble into layered well-organized structures, as well as their inherent biocompatibility. Read More
J Mol Graph Model 2018 Dec 4;87:129-143. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:
Alzheimer's disease is characterized using amyloid-beta (Aβ) aggregation. The present work was carried out to extend and design a novel quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model on inhibition efficiency of some of new 2-arylethenylquinoline derivatives against the Aβ peptide aggregation. The QSAR study, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed to explore the influence of the structural features and investigate the molecular mechanism of ligands interactions with the Aβ peptide. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 4;657:136-145. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
Finite mesophyll conductance (g) reduces the rate of CO diffusion from the leaf intercellular space to the chloroplast and constitutes a major limitation of photosynthesis in trees. While it is well established that g is decreased by stressors such as drought and high temperature, few studies have investigated if the phytotoxic air pollutant ozone (O) affects g. We quantified the relative importance of three different types of limitations of photosynthesis in poplar trees exposed to elevated O: decreases in stomatal conductance, g and biochemical photosynthetic capacity. Read More
Bone 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Institut für Medizinische Genetik und Humangenetik, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany; Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
The osteopetroses and related sclerosing bone dysplasias can have a broad range of manifestations. Especially in the milder forms, sandwich vertebrae are an easily recognizable and reliable radiological hallmark. We report on four patients from three families presenting with sandwich vertebrae and platyspondyly. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Neurorestoration Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:
Large, broad-based basilar artery (BA) apex aneurysms involving multiple arterial origins are complex lesions commonly not amenable to direct clipping or endovascular management. BA proximal (Hunterian) occlusion with extracranial-to-intracranial bypass is a supported strategy if one or both posterior communicating arteries are small. Hunterian ligation risks sudden aneurysm thrombosis and thromboembolism in the perforator rich BA apex. Read More
Peptides 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 111 Mason Farm Road, CB 7545, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. Electronic address:
Adrenomedullin (AM) and proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) are small peptides derived from a common precursor, pre-proadrenomedullin. Although AM and PAMP share hypotensive effects in the cardiovascular system, the peptides also exert diverse and distinct effects on endocrine physiology, innate immunity, cytoskeletal biology and receptor signaling pathways. Tremendous knowledge has been gleaned from the study of several genetic animal models of AM deletion or overexpression, some of which also simultaneously delete the coding region for PAMP peptide. Read More
Cancer Cell 2018 Dec;34(6):954-969.e4
Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Molecular Medicine and Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan; Department of Biotechnology, Asia University, Taichung 413, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Multiple mechanisms of resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been identified in EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, recurrent resistance to EGFR TKIs due to the heterogeneous mechanisms underlying resistance within a single patient remains a major challenge in the clinic. Here, we report a role of nuclear protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) as a common axis across multiple known TKI-resistance mechanisms. Specifically, we demonstrate that TKI-inactivated EGFR dimerizes with other membrane receptors implicated in TKI resistance to promote PKCδ nuclear translocation. Read More
Cancer Cell 2018 Dec;34(6):879-891
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address:
Defects in apoptotic cell death can promote cancer and impair responses of malignant cells to anti-cancer therapy. Pro-survival BCL-2 proteins prevent apoptosis by keeping the cell death effectors, BAX and BAK, in check. The BH3-only proteins initiate apoptosis by neutralizing the pro-survival BCL-2 proteins. Read More
Cancer Cell 2018 Dec;34(6):1012-1026.e3
INSERM, Laboratory of Integrative Cancer Immunology, Sorbonne Université, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes, Université Paris Diderot; Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:
Treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer is based upon the assumption that metastases are homogeneous within a patient. We quantified immune cell types of 603 whole-slide metastases and primary colorectal tumors from 222 patients. Primary lesions, and synchronous and metachronous metastases, had a heterogeneous immune infiltrate and mutational diversity. Read More
Hum Pathol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Pathology and Key Laboratory for Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi 832002, China. Electronic address:
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a highly invasive disease with a poor long-term survival rate. Although there has been progress in understanding the pathogenesis of ESCC, there are currently no molecular biomarkers that are used in routine clinical practices to determine prognosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine a small immunohistochemical (IHC) panel that could predict the prognosis of patients with ESCC. Read More
J Control Release 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1-5, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.
In glioblastoma, the benefit from temozolomide chemotherapy is largely limited to a subgroup of patients (30-35%) with tumors exhibiting methylation of the promoter region of the O-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene. In order to allow more patients to benefit from this treatment, we explored magnetic resonance image-guided microbubble-enhanced low-intensity pulsed focused ultrasound (LIFU) to transiently open the blood-brain barrier and deliver a first-in-class liposome-loaded small molecule MGMT inactivator in mice bearing temozolomide-resistant gliomas. We demonstrate that a liposomal O-(4-bromothenyl)guanine (OBTG) derivative can efficiently target MGMT, thereby sensitizing murine and human glioma cells to temozolomide in vitro. Read More
J Theor Biol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
College of Mathematics and Physics, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China; Artificial Intelligence and Biomedical Big Data Research Center, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China; School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China. Electronic address:
At present, the study of gene expression data provides a reference for tumor diagnosis at the molecular level. It is a challenging task to select the feature genes related to the classification from the high-dimensional and small-sample gene expression data and successfully separate the different subtypes of tumor or the normal from the patient. In this paper, we present a new method for tumor classification-relaxed Lasso (least absolute shrinkage and selection operator) and generalized multi-class support vector machine (rL-GenSVM). Read More
J Immunol Methods 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:
Current HLA-typing methods are typically designed to provide exquisitely-detailed identification of multiple HLA-alleles to satisfy the requirements for organ and bone marrow transplantation or genetic studies. Many human immunological studies, on the other hand, focus around only a small number of HLA alleles that are abundant or of relevance to specific diseases. Consequently, for such studies, many HLA typing approaches are not cost-effective and are potentially complicated, slow and not easily performed in-house. Read More
J Oncol Pract 2018 Dec;14(12):e801-e814
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; Premera Blue Cross, Mountlake Terrace, WA; and University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.
Regional public reporting of performance measures in oncology can facilitate local decision making across stakeholders, but small numbers of patients and clinics pose a challenge to creating statistically robust measures. In this article, we describe our development of the Community Cancer Care in Washington State: Quality and Cost Report, the first publicly available report showing clinic-level quality and cost measures at the regional level. We learned key lessons in how to adapt national performance reporting to our regional setting using a registry-linked multipayer claims database. Read More
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Georgia Tech, UNITED STATES.
Aqueous solutions of the achiral, monomeric, nucleobase mimics triaminopyrimidine (TAP) and a cyanuric acid derivative (CyCo6) spontaneously assemble into macroscopic homochiral domains of supramolecular polymers. These assemblies exhibit a high degree of chiral amplification. Addition of a small quantity of one handedness of a chiral derivative of CyCo6 generates exclusively homochiral structures. Read More
Am J Primatol 2018 Dec;80(12):e22933
Department of Animal Physiology, Institute for Zoology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
Diel activity rhythms in mammals are regulated by an endogenous (circadian) timing system which is synchronized by environmental 24-hr periodicities called zeitgebers. Additional direct responses to stochastic environmental factors ensure the fine-tuning to the actual situation and may mask the circadian time course. Following an observational study on behavioral effects of visitor activities in a group of spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) kept free-ranging on a small island of Lake Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico, we analyzed the effect of weekly varying numbers of visiting tourist boats on the monkeys' diel activity rhythm. Read More
Dermatol Ther 2018 Dec 7:e12801. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health.
The field of pediatric dermatology treatment has been rich in new developments. Several recent therapeutic advances in pediatric dermatology have been made. This review will focus on critical approach to the new treatments for several entities encountered in pediatric dermatology. Read More
Biofactors 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Oncology Radiotherapy, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
Some lncRNAs can encode small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), called small nucleolar RNA host genes (SNHGs), which exert diverse regulatory effects on cellular processes. In this study, using RNA-seq and survival data in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), we examined the expression profile of some SNHG genes and explored their prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Level-3 RNA-sequencing data, the clinicopathological and survival data of patients with primary HCC were downloaded from the UCSC Xena browser (https://xenabrowser. Read More
Milbank Q 2018 Dec;96(4):706-754
Leonard and Madlyn Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
Policy Points Patients with low socioeconomic status (SES) experience poorer survival rates after diagnosis of breast cancer, even when enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. Most of the difference in survival is due to more advanced cancer on presentation and the general poor health of lower SES patients, while only a very small fraction of the SES disparity is due to differences in cancer treatment. Even when comparing only low- versus not-low-SES whites (without confounding by race) the survival disparity between disparate white SES populations is very large and is associated with lower use of preventive care, despite having insurance. Read More
Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Dec 11:e13521. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Center for Motility and Gastrointestinal Functional Disorders, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Background: We evaluated the changes in antroduodenal manometry (ADM) parameters and interpretation when the test is performed the day of catheter placement and the following day.
Methods: Catheter was placed endoscopically under anesthesia and recorded on day 1 and repeated on day 2. Study parameters including antrum and small bowel motility index (MI) during fasting, meal, postprandial, erythromycin (EES), and octreotide (OCT) challenge phases, the presence of the phase III of the migrating motor complex (MMC), visual postprandial response, and study interpretation were compared between both days. Read More
Genet Epidemiol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Computational and Statistical Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland.
We develop linear mixed models (LMMs) and functional linear mixed models (FLMMs) for gene-based tests of association between a quantitative trait and genetic variants on pedigrees. The effects of a major gene are modeled as a fixed effect, the contributions of polygenes are modeled as a random effect, and the correlations of pedigree members are modeled via inbreeding/kinship coefficients. -statistics and χ likelihood ratio test (LRT) statistics based on the LMMs and FLMMs are constructed to test for association. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Experimenter Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.
Introduction: Sepsis can result in acute lung injury. LL-37 is a small cationic host defense peptide involved in anti-inflammatory. In the current study, it was hypothesized that antimicrobial peptide LL-37 could play a protective role in attenuating the progression of sepsis-induced acute lung injury. Read More
Med Phys 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.
Purpose: To develop a quality control method to improve the accuracy of corresponding landmark sets used for deformable image registration evaluation in the lung parenchyma.
Methods: An iterative workflow was developed as a method for quality assurance of landmark sets. Starting with the initial landmark set for a given image pair, a landmark-based deformation was applied to one of the images. Read More
Psychophysiology 2018 Dec 7:e13303. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institute of Psychology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
ERP data are characterized by high dimensionality and a mixture of constituting signals and are thus challenging for researchers to analyze. To address these challenges, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) has been used to provide estimates of the unobserved factors and to use these estimates for further statistical analyses (e.g. Read More
Chembiochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The RRM (RNA-recognition motif), the most abundant RNA-binding motif in eukaryotes, is a small folded domain of about 90 amino acids, yet the β2-β3 hairpin corresponding to strands 2 and 3 of the β-sheet, and the intervening loop makes essential interactions with RNA in many RRM complexes. We designed a series of small cyclic peptides mimics of the β2-β3 hairpin of Rbfox2 protein, that recognize the terminal loop of precursor miR-20b, to investigate whether it is possible to mimic the full RNA-binding protein with a minimal structurally pre-organized peptide. Within a small library of 7 cyclic peptides, we identify a peptide with low µ-molar affinity for the miR-20b precursor. Read More
J Vet Intern Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department for Small Animals, Critical Care Unit, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Background: Correlation of plasma fibrinogen concentration (fibrinogen ) with rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters has not been investigated in dogs.
Objectives: To determine the correlation between plasma coagulation tests and fibrinogen with ROTEM parameters and to evaluate their ability to predict bleeding in dogs.
Animals: Ninety-seven dogs with concurrent determination of fibrinogen and fibrin polymerization test (FIBTEM) analysis. Read More
Small 2018 Dec 7:e1803896. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, P. R. China.
Nitrogen dioxide (NO ) emission has severe impact on human health and the ecological environment and effective monitoring of NO requires the detection limit (limit of detection) of several parts-per-billion (ppb). All organic semiconductor-based NO sensors fail to reach such a level. In this work, using an ion-in-conjugation inspired-polymer (poly(3,3'-diaminobenzidine-squarine, noted as PDBS) as the sensory material, NO can be detected as low as 1 ppb, which is the lowest among all reported organic NO sensors. Read More
Pediatr Transplant 2018 Dec 9:e13329. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Department of Pediatrics and Transplantation Center, University Hospital Motol, 2nd Medical Faculty Prague, Charles University Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
Objectives: Strict BP control can retard progression of CKD in children. This prospective 3-year randomized controlled trial is aimed to investigate whether strict BP control can retard progression of chronic allograft dysfunction.
Methods: Twenty-three pediatric patients were randomly selected to the standard BP group (STAND, target 24-hour MAP 50-95th percentile, n = 11) or the intensified BP group (INTENS, target 24-hour MAP <50th percentile, n = 12). Read More
Int J Lab Hematol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, AZ Sint-Jan Brugge-Oostende, Bruges, Belgium.
Introduction: T-cell receptor gene (TRG) rearrangement profiling is an essential component of the workup at diagnosis of T-cell malignancies. TRG amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analysis by capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) is mostly widely used but is hampered by a subjective interpretation of its results and possible false-positive interpretation of clonality. Several studies evaluated the advantage of TRG rearrangement analysis by Next Generation Sequencing (TRG-NGS), however few have proposed an adequate data interpretation algorithm. Read More
Small 2018 Dec 11:e1803478. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
NC State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695-8202, USA.
Complex manipulations of DNA in a nanofluidic device require channels with branches and junctions. However, the dynamic response of DNA in such nanofluidic networks is relatively unexplored. Here, the transport of DNA in a 2D metamaterial made by arrays of nanochannel junctions is investigated. Read More
J Small Anim Pract 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Re-Fur-All Referrals, Newbury, Berkshire, UK.
Food intolerance refers to any abnormal physiological response to a food or food additive, believed not to be immunological in nature. Mechanisms include food toxicity, pharmacological reactions, metabolic reactions, dysmotility, dysbiosis, physical effects and non-specific dietary sensitivity. Food intolerance reactions are variable, typically dose-dependent, and can occur at any age. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small subpopulation of tumor cells that have been identified in most types of cancer. Features that distinguish them from the bulk of tumor cells include their pluripotency, self-renewal capacity, low proliferation rate, and tumor-initiating ability. CSCs are highly malignant, as they confer drug resistance and facilitate tumor progression, relapse, and metastasis. Read More
J Mass Spectrom 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Sanofi, 153 2nd Avenue, Waltham, MA, 02451, USA.
Reactive metabolites are thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of some drug induced liver injury (DILI) and idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions (IADRs), which is of concern to patient safety and has been a cause of drugs being withdrawn from the market place. To identify drugs with a lower propensity for causing DILI and /or IADRs, high-throughput assays to capture reactive metabolites are required in pharmaceutical industry for early drug discovery risk assessment. We describe the development of an assay to detect glutathione adducts with combined high sensitivity, enhanced specificity and rapid data analysis. Read More
Med Phys 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the University of Iowa.
Purpose: To investigate the use and efficiency of 3-D deep learning, fully convolutional networks (DFCN) for simultaneous tumor co-segmentation on dual-modality non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) PET-CT images.
Methods: We used DFCN co-segmentation for NSCLC tumors in PET-CT images, considering both the CT and PET information. The proposed DFCN-based co-segmentation method consists of two coupled 3D-UNets with an encoder-decoder architecture, which can communicate with the other in order to share complementary information between PET and CT. Read More
Ecol Lett 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Université Côte d'Azur, INRA, CNRS, ISA, 06900, Sophia Antipolis, France.
During the early stages of invasion, the interaction between the features of the invaded landscape, notably its spatial structure, and the internal dynamics of an introduced population has a crucial impact on establishment and spread. By approximating introduction areas as networks of patches linked by dispersal, we characterised their spatial structure with specific metrics and tested their impact on two essential steps of the invasion process: establishment and spread. By combining simulations with experimental introductions of Trichogramma chilonis (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in artificial laboratory microcosms, we demonstrated that spread was hindered by clusters and accelerated by hubs but was also affected by small-population mechanisms prevalent for invasions, such as Allee effects. Read More
J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Faculty of Education, Kochi University, 2-5-1 Akebono-cho, Kochi-shi, Kochi, 780-8520, Japan.
The performance of synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence (SR-XRF) spectrometry for nondestructive discrimination of small fragments of automotive aluminum wheels was studied. Fragments (< 500 × 500 μm ) of 45 kinds of wheels were first analyzed by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and then by SR-XRF. Despite the Mg/Al intensity ratio being a useful identification index, SEM-EDS was not efficient enough because of the absence of other meaningful indicators of comparison. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China.
Irradiation (IR) can be used to treat cancer by inducing complex and irreparable DNA damage in the cancer cells, which may lead to their apoptotic death. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism of this DNA damage. Here, the non-small-cell lung cancer cell line A549 was treated with either X-ray or carbon ion combined with bleomycin (BLM). Read More
Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX, USA.
A number of pruritic skin conditions arising in immunocompromised patients are associated with viral infection. Recently, human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of eruptive pruritic parakeratotic and dyskeratotic dermatoses with distinct "peacock plumage" histology. While expression of HPyV7 viral protein, namely small tumor (sT) antigen, is prominent within lesional tissue, the functional role of HPyV7 in cutaneous pathobiology is not yet known. Read More
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2018 Dec 9:e12975. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Cancer Society Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Indigenous populations around the world have a higher burden of cancer incidence, severity and mortality. This integrative review aims to identify and appraise the evidence of health providers' responses to the issue of indigenous peoples with cancer. A surprisingly small number of studies were found (n = 9) that reported on programmes and interventions for indigenous people with cancer, the majority of which were from the USA. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
Objective: To study the mechanism of collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2) phosphorylation changes and cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) expression after optic nerve injury.
Methods: Optic nerve injury rat models were constructed, the messenger RNA (mRNA) level of CRMP-2 in optic nerve tissues was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) after building models 0, 3, 7, and 14 days. The protein expression of CRMP-2, phospho-CRMP-2 (p-CRMP-2), and CDK5 were also determined by western blot analysis. Read More
Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France, 69372.
Although medical ionizing radiation (IR) has clear clinical benefits, it is an established carcinogen. This study estimates the number of new cancer cases in France in 2015 attributable to IR exposure from medical procedures. Exposures from external (X-rays, CT scans, interventional radiology) and internal (nuclear medicine) sources were considered. Read More