753,374 results match your criteria Skin Tumors Vascular Lesions Face and Neck


Effect of an insect protein-based diet on clinical signs of dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):297-302. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Objective: Edible insects (like mealworms, locusts and crickets) contain energy, protein, fatty acids, minerals and trace elements and have been found to be high quality food sources. They could provide a new food source for patients with adverse food reactions, as well as being of ecological and ethical interest. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new commercially available, insect protein-based diet on the clinical signs in those dogs via Canine Atopic Dermatitis Lesion Index (CADLI), Pruritus Visual Analogue Scale (PVAS) and coat quality score. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

The relationship between type 1 IFN and vasculopathy in anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis patients.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.

Objectives: Based on the antibody profiles of inflammatory myositis patients, we investigated the type 1 IFN (T1-IFN) signature in serum and DM skin to determine the relationship between T1-IFN and vasculopathy in anti-melanoma differentiation-associated 5 gene (MDA5) antibody-positive DM patients.

Methods: We examined 47 patients with new-onset inflammatory myositis. We divided them into three groups: the anti-MDA5 antibody-positive patients (MDA5 group, n = 16), the anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody-positive patients (aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase group, n = 12), and the double-negative patients (n = 19). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Lower allergen levels in hypoallergenic Curly Horses? A comparison among breeds by measurements of horse allergens in hair and air samples.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207871. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (IPA), Bochum, Germany.

Background: Exposure to horses can cause severe allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. The breed, American Bashkir Curly Horse is categorized as hypoallergenic, primarily due to reports of allergic patients experiencing fewer symptoms while handling this special breed. The possible reasons for this phenomenon could be lower allergen production and/or reduced allergen release into the air because of increased sebum content in their skin and hair compared to other breeds. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are more prevalent in Canadians of South Asian than European ancestry inhabiting the National Capital Region of Canada.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207429. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

The US Institute of Medicine defined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) cut point values of 30 nmol/L and 40 nmol/L were used to assess the vitamin D status of South Asian and European Canadians of self-identified ancestry living in the National Capital Region of Canada. Serum 25OHD values were measured in the spring and fall of 2012 to represent status during the winter and summer months, respectively. A total of 1238 measurements were obtained from 669 participants (49% South Asian ancestry): some participants were measured only once (spring or fall). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Analysis and insights into recombination signals in lumpy skin disease virus recovered in the field.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207480. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Federal Center for Animal Health, Vladimir, Russia.

Wide spread incidences of vaccine-like strains of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) have recently been reported in a Russian region with a neighboring country that actively vaccinate with a live attenuated LSD vaccine. The use of live-attenuated viruses (LAVs) as vaccines during an active outbreak, creates potential ground for coinfection of hosts and emergence of a strain combining genetic fragments of both parental vaccine and field strains. In this study, we analyse the vaccine-like strain LSDV RUSSIA/Saratov/2017 detected in Saratovskaya oblast, a region sharing border with Kazakhstan. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Rare Disorder with Bilateral Infantile Glaucoma.

J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Glaucoma and anterior segment, Dr. Shroff's charity eye hospital, Delhi.

Ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs due to abnormalities of ectodermal structures such as skin, teeth, hair, nails, and eccrine glands. Approximately 200 different conditions have been identified as ectodermal dysplasia, the most common being hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). It is characterized by hypotrichosis (sparse scalp or body hair), hypodontia (absent or malformed teeth) and hypohidrosis (reduced ability to sweat). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Surgical Algorithmic Approach to Facilitate Primary Closure of the Anterolateral Thigh Flap Donor Site in Head and Neck Reconstruction.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, Taiwan.

Background: Use of the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap has gained popularity in head and neck reconstruction. However, donor sites that cannot achieve primary closure are reported to have poorer functional and aesthetic outcomes. Therefore, we propose an algorithm to facilitate primary closure of the donor site. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Role of Vacuum-Assisted Closure in the Management of Crohn Anal Fistulas.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

At the Poznań University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, Poland, Jacek Hermann, PhD, is Chair, Department of General and Endocrine Surgery and Gastroenterologic Oncology; Tomasz Banasiewicz is Chair, Department of General and Endocrine Surgery and Gastroenterologic Oncology; and Barbara Kołodziejczak, PhD, is Chair, Department of Computer Science and Statistics. The authors have disclosed no financial relationships related to this article. Submitted January 28, 2018; accepted in revised form May 25, 2018.

Background: Patients with Crohn disease-related anal fistulas are treated with debridement of fistulous tracts and the placement of noncutting setons (NCSs). However, to reduce the high recurrence rate, there is still a need to develop more effective treatment methods.

Objective: To compare NCS with vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) treatment. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Polymorphisms in the TGFB1 and IL2RA genes are associated with clinical forms of leprosy in Brazilian population.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2018 Dec 10;113(12):e180274. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Instituto Lauro de Souza Lima, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

BACKGROUND Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, and compromises the skin and peripheral nerves. This disease has been classified as multibacillary (MB) or paucibacillary (PB) depending on the host immune response. Genetic epidemiology studies in leprosy have shown the influence of human genetic components on the disease outcomes. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

LONG-TERM OUTCOMES OF LIGATION OF INTERSPHINCTERIC FISTULA TRACT FOR COMPLEX FISTULA-IN-ANO: MODIFIED OPERATIVE PROCEDURE EXPERIENCE.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1404. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Suzhou Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Colorectal Surgery, Su zhou, Jiang su, China.

Background: It is important but difficult to treat complex fistula-in-ano due to the high recurrent rate and following incontinence. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT), a novel surgical procedure with the advantage of avoiding anal incontinence, has a variable success rate of 57-94.4 %. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

SUBCUTANEOUS ONLAY LAPAROSCOPIC APPROACH (SCOLA) FOR VENTRAL HERNIA AND RECTUS ABDOMINIS DIASTASIS REPAIR: TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION AND INITIAL RESULTS.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1399. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Digestive System Surgery, Municipal Public Server Hospital, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscles (DMRA) is frequent and may be associated with abdominal wall hernias. For patients with redudant skin, dermolipectomy and plication of the diastasis is the most commonly used procedure. However, there is a significant group of patients who do not require skin resection or do not want large incisions. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cutaneous metastasis in prostate cancer: Two cases with similar clinical findings.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1213-S1216

Department of Pathology, Düzce University, Düzce Medical School, Düzce, Turkey.

Cutaneous metastasis of prostate cancer is rare. Lesions in this type of skin metastasis are usually seen as suprapubic nodules. Here, we presented two cases with skin metastases of prostate cancer characterized by grouped cutaneous and subcutaneous nodules. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of the effect of hesperidin on vascular endothelial growth factor gene expression in rat skin animal models following cobalt-60 gamma irradiation.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1098-S1104

Department of Radiology and Radiobiology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: Skin is highly prone to radiation damage. Radiation burn is defined as damage to the skin or other biological tissues induced by radiofrequency or ionizing radiation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a heparin-binded pro-angiogenic factor. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Comparisons of skin toxicity in patients with extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma after treatment with intensity-modulated radiotherapy and conventional radiotherapy.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S975-S979

Department of Radiation Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450052, P.R. China.

Background: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has been more widely used in extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) because it can maximally improve the local control rate of tumor and reduce the radiation dose received by surrounding normal tissues. However, there has been no consensus on whether IMRT can help to lower the toxic and adverse reactions caused by radiation therapy. The aim of this study is to compare skin toxicity caused by IMRT and conventional radiotherapy in Stage I-II NKTCL. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Essential oils and functional herbs for healthy aging.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Mar;14(3):441-445

School of Pharmacy and Applied Science, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Australia.

As total life expectancy increases, the prevalence of age-related diseases such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease is also increasing. Many hypotheses about Alzheimer's disease have been developed, including cholinergic neuron damage, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Acetylcholine is a major neurotransmitter in the brain and cholinergic deficits leads to cognitive dysfunction and decline. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Genetic variants in RORA are associated with asthma and allergy markers in an admixed population.

Cytokine 2019 Jan 7;113:177-184. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:

Asthma and allergy affect hundreds of millions of people from childhood to old age. In most of them, the inflammatory process of respiratory allergies involves the participation of type 2 cytokines, derived from T helper-2 (Th2)-cell, and Group 2 Innate Lymphoid (ILC2) Cells. An efficient memory Th2 cell response is dependent on IL-13 produced by ILC2s, causing allergic lung inflammation and elevated serum levels of immunoglobulin E. Read More

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January 2019
3 Reads

Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Cutaneous Sarcomas: Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2018 Dec 4;109(10):868-877. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Servicio de Dermatología, Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, España.

Sarcomas comprise a broad group of tumors, many of whose biological behavior and aggressiveness differ from one type to another. The therapeutic approach is generally multidisciplinary and often complex. Developments in surgical and oncological dermatology during the last few decades have positioned dermatologists as specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Skin Reactions to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;995:117-129

Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

The novelty of immune checkpoint inhibitors has only recently led to the characterization of cutaneous adverse events (AEs). This, along with the substantial rate of cutaneous reactions, has left many clinicians without sufficient familiarity to diagnose and treat. Pruritus and rash are among the top five immune-related AEs reported in clinical trials for this class of therapy. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Immunotherapy for Melanoma.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;995:43-63

, Baltimore, MD, USA.

While melanoma is less common than some other skin cancers, it is responsible for nearly 10,000 deaths in the USA each year alone. For many decades, very limited treatment options were available for patients with metastatic melanoma. However, recent breakthroughs have brought new hopes for patients and providers. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Monoclonal Antibodies for the Treatment of Melanoma: Present and Future Strategies.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1904:83-108

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Genentech Research and Early Development, South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Metastatic melanoma is a dreadful type of skin cancer arising due to uncontrolled proliferation of melanocytes. It has very poor prognosis, low 5-year survival rates and until recently there were only handful of treatment options for metastatic melanoma patients. The drugs that were approved for the treatment had low response rates and were associated with severe adverse events. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Sustainability in Biobanking.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1897:1-6

Division of Neuropathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Biobanks are storage places for biospecimens that can be used for current and future scientific research. Biospecimens are exceptional sources of biological data that can be potentially translated from molecular and genetic information to clinically relevant treatment modalities. Examples of such biospecimens include, but are not limited to, blood, skin, hair, saliva, stem cells, DNA, and RNA. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Propionibacterium (Cutibacterium) acnes Bacteriophage Therapy in Acne: Current Evidence and Future Perspectives.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Acne vulgaris is the most common dermatological disorder worldwide. It is a multifactorial disease that involves increased sebum production, hyperkeratinization of the pilosebaceous unit, Propionibacterium acnes (Cutibacterium acnes) colonization, and inflammation. The human skin microbiome hosts a wide variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitors and Their Utility in Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Comprehensive Review of Current Evidence.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in humans, and as such it poses a significant healthcare burden. The majority of BCC cases are amenable to cure by surgical extirpation. However, until recently there have been no good treatment options for a significant minority of advanced BCC cases, including locally advanced BCC and metastatic BCC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Optical coherence tomography imaging of melanoma skin cancer.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

No consensus guidelines exist on the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma. The objectives of this review are to provide a descriptive review of the literature on characteristics of cutaneous melanomas seen on high-definition OCT (HD-OCT), speckle variance OCT (SV-OCT), and conventional OCT and to compare their diagnostic ability with that of histopathology. A review of PubMed and Google Scholar identified all available literature on OCT in melanoma skin cancer that included all in vivo and ex vivo studies on human or human tissues and excluded all studies on non-human subjects or animal studies. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Synthesis and evaluation of topical hydrogel membranes; a novel approach to treat skin disorders.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2018 Dec 11;29(12):191. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

The aim of the study was to synthesize and evaluate chitosan-based topical cross-linked hydrogel membranes of mupirocin for new pharmaceutical controlled release application. These cross-linked structured membranes were synthesized by modification of free radical polymerization. Low molecular weight (LMW) chitosan is cross-linked with 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS) with a crosslinker N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A New Insight on Activation of Human Endogenous Retroviruses (HERVs) in Malignant Melanoma upon Exposure to CuSO4.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Golgasht St., Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, 5166614756, Iran.

Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are semi-conserved subtypes of long-terminal repeats containing retrotransposons that constitute approximately 8% of the genome. Under pathological conditions, the expression of HERVs is also affected by epigenetic modifications. The extent to which the activation of human endogenous retroviruses can be influenced upon exposure to copper remains to be evaluated. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof-130 years ago the first victim at the beginning of the investigation of infectious diseases in Austria].

Authors:
Heinz Flamm

Wien Med Wochenschr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Klinisches Institut, Universität Wien, Martinstraße 7, 3400, Klosterneuburg, Österreich.

After his medical studies in Vienna and Graz, Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof, born in 1860 in Vienna, became an assistant at the Pathology Institute at the University of Graz. In 1887, he described a bacterium in the pharynx which resembled diphtheria bacillus. As it was not pathogenic in animal experiments, he named it Bacillus pseudodiphthericus, now Corynebacterium pseudodiphthericum. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Delafloxacin meglumine for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI).

Drugs Today (Barc) 2018 Nov;54(11):657-666

Division of Microbiology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India.

Delafloxacin meglumine (Baxdela, WQ-3034, ABT-492, RX-3341; Melinta Therapeutics) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2017 for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections on the basis of data from two phase III trials. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Concurrent Hairy Cell Leukemia and Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2018 14;2018:1736854. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Specialist Care Australia, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) are two rare malignancies with distinct cells of origin. HCL is a lymphoid malignancy of mature B cells, and MCC derives from neuroendocrine cell origin. HCL has a favorable prognosis with most patients achieving long-term remission and potential cure. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

An Unusual Presentation of Lupus Vulgaris and the Practical Usefulness of Dermatoscopy.

Case Rep Dermatol Med 2018 14;2018:1036162. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Specialist in Dermatology-Venereology, Chief of State Clinic of Dermatology, Hospital for Skin and Venereal Diseases, Delfon 124, 54643 Thessaloniki, Greece.

We report a case report of lupus vulgaris (LV) presented on the extremities of an 80-year-old man. He was misdiagnosed as having psoriasis and referred to our department for a second-opinion evaluation. The discrepancy between the clinical manifestation which was misleading and the dermatoscopic findings raised the suspicion of an underlying granulomatous disease and we proceeded to skin biopsy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Validation of the Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index and pSkindex27 for use in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 17;5(1):e000275. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Division of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Objective: To determine the measurement properties of the Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) and the paediatric adaptation of the Skindex29 (pSkindex27) when used in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE).

Methods: Patients with mucocutaneous involvement of cSLE were evaluated at the study entry and 6 months later. Besides the CLASI and pSkindex27, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Generic Core scale (PedsQL-GC), its Rheumatology Module (PedsQL-RM), the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and the SLE Damage Index (SDI) were completed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Analysis of a Large Standardized Food Challenge Data Set to Determine Predictors of Positive Outcome Across Multiple Allergens.

Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2689. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Sean N. Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs) remain the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy; however, challenges require significant time and resources and place the patient at an increased risk for severe allergic adverse events. There have been continued efforts to identify alternative diagnostic methods to replace or minimize the need for oral food challenges (OFCs) in the diagnosis of food allergy. Data was extracted for all IRB-approved, Stanford-initiated clinical protocols involving standardized screening OFCs to a cumulative dose of 500 mg protein to any of 11 food allergens in participants with elevated skin prick test (SPT) and/or specific IgE (sIgE) values to the challenged food across 7 sites. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Rediscovery of old drugs: the forgotten case of dermorphin for postoperative pain and palliation.

J Pain Res 2018 23;11:2991-2995. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

The repurposing of old drugs for new indications is becoming more accepted as a cost-efficient solution for complicated health problems. However, older drugs are often forgotten when they are not repositioned. This analysis makes a case for re-exploration of dermorphin for intrathecal use in postoperative pain and in a palliative context, with the goal of re-establishing this compound. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Pain measurement techniques: spotlight on mechanically ventilated patients.

J Pain Res 2018 21;11:2969-2980. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Neuroscience Research Laboratory (LAPENE), Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate Program of Health Science, Graduate Program of Physiological Science, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil,

Background: Procedural pain is a frequent problem in intensive care units (ICUs). For that, pain assessment has been increasingly introduced to the ICU professional's routine, and studies have been developed to show the relevance of measuring pain in critically ill patients.

Objective: This review aimed to describe pain measurement techniques for mechanically ventilated adult patients based on evidence and already published. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Novel gene mutation in a patient with Menkes disease.

Appl Clin Genet 2018 22;11:151-155. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Health Sciences Faculty, Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia,

Background: Menkes disease is a congenital neurodegenerative disorder caused by gene mutations. Clinical features include epilepsy, growth delay, reduced muscle strength, skin laxity, abnormal hair, and urologic abnormalities.

Case Presentation: We describe an infant with developmental delay, neurologic degeneration, and kinky hair. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A 10-point plan for avoiding hyaluronic acid dermal filler-related complications during facial aesthetic procedures and algorithms for management.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 23;11:603-611. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education, St George's University of London, London, UK.

The recent rapid growth in dermal filler use, in conjunction with inadequate product and injector control, has heralded a concerning increase in filler complications. The 10-point plan has been developed to minimize complications through careful preconsideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure related. Patient-related factors include history, which involves a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions, systemic disease, medications, and previous cosmetic procedures. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of hydrophilic or lipophilic emulsions containing extract in treatment of different types of pruritus.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 20;11:591-602. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Dr. August Wolff GmbH & Co. KG Arzneimittel, Bielefeld, Germany,

Background: Pruritus reduces quality of life and may occur at different sites of the body. To alleviate pruritus, lipid replenishing and rehydration of the skin is often unsatisfactory. Thus, products with additional antipruritic effects are needed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Prognostic significance of mammary Paget's disease in Chinese women: a 10-year, population-based, matched cohort study.

Onco Targets Ther 2018 23;11:8319-8326. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Medical Oncology, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China,

Purpose: To explore the prognostic significance of mammary Paget's disease (PD) in breast cancer (BC) patients and to investigate the association between clinical manifestation and outcome in invasive ductal carcinoma patients with PD (PD-IDC).

Patients And Methods: Eighty-five patients diagnosed with mammary PD with underlying BC from 2006 to 2012 at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were recruited. A matched group comprised 85 patients diagnosed with BC without PD. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Quaternized chitosan promotes the antiproliferative effect of vemurafenib in melanoma cells by increasing cell permeability.

Authors:
Min Li Ying Yang

Onco Targets Ther 2018 22;11:8293-8299. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, PR China,

Background: As one of the most invasive cutaneous carcinomas among all types of skin cancer, malignant melanoma remains a severe challenge in oncology and plastic surgery. Selective small-molecule inhibitors of V600E-mutant B-Raf (vemurafenib, for instance) have demonstrated satisfactory therapeutic efficacy in melanoma patients. However, acquired resistance during the period of drug administration has limited their clinical application. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Shedding Light on the Role of the Skin in Vaccine-Induced Protection against the Malaria Sporozoite.

MBio 2018 Dec 11;9(6). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Bronx, New York, USA

The most advanced vaccine against malaria, RTS,S/AS01, provides partial protection in infants and children living in areas of malaria endemicity. Further understanding its mechanisms of protection may allow the development of improved second-generation vaccines. The RTS,S/AS01 vaccine targets the sporozoites injected by mosquito vectors into the dermis which then travel into the blood stream to establish infection in the liver. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Cold effect in median nerve conductions in clinical carpal tunnel syndrome with normal nerve conduction studies.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Neurology, Kirikkale University, Faculty of Medicine, Yenişehir Mahallesi, Ankara Road 7.Km., Kırıkkale Üniversitesi Kampüsü, 71450 Yahşihan, Kırıkkale, Turkey. Electronic address:

Clinical diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is confirmed by nerve conduction studies (NCS). In some cases, NCS may be normal. We aimed to demonstrate changes of distal motor latency (DML) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) pathology of demyelination in entrapment neuropathy with cold application in case of clinical CTS with normal NCS. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Idiopathic calcinosis cutis of the scrotum: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 12;12(1):366. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Abnormal deposition of calcium in the skin or subcutaneous tissue is termed calcinosis cutis. Idiopathic calcinosis cutis of the scrotum is an uncommon entity. The pathogenesis of idiopathic calcinosis cutis of the scrotum is debatable. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

An experimental investigation into the surface and hydrodynamic characteristics of marine coatings with mimicked hull roughness ranges.

Biofouling 2018 Dec 11:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

b Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Marine Engineering , University of Strathclyde , Glasgow , UK.

There are limited scientific data on contributors to the added drag of in-service ships, represented by modern-day coating roughness and biofouling, either separately or combined. This study aimed to gain an insight into roughness and hydrodynamic performance of typical coatings under in-service conditions of roughened ships' hull surfaces. Comprehensive and systematic experimental data on the boundary layer and drag characteristics of antifouling coating systems with different finishes are presented. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Anaphylactic shock associated with intravenous amiodarone.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 12;9(2):61-62. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey.

A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with shortness of breath and palpitation which started 2 h before her admission. She had a history of rheumatic mitral valve disease and was on drug treatment with warfarin and metoprolol. The patient was orthopneic, blood pressure was 108/68 mmHg with an irregular pulse with a heart rate of 158 beats per minute, and respiratory rate was 23 times per minute. Read More

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February 2014
1 Read

The case of 17-year-old male with LEOPARD syndrome.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Feb 4;7(2):e37-e41. Epub 2012 Dec 4.

Department of Myocardial Dysfunction and Heart Failure, B.V. Petrovsky Russian Research Centre of Surgery RAMS, 119991, Abrikosovky per, 6, Moscow, Russia.

LEOPARD syndrome is a phenotypic expression of mutations in several genes: PTPN11, RAF1, and BRAF. All these genes are responsible for Ras/MARK signaling pathway, which are important for cell cycle regulation, differentiation, growth, and aging. Mutations result in anomalies of skin, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Read More

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February 2013
1 Read

A case with giant right coronary artery aneurysm in a patient with Behçet's disease.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Oct 11;4(2):e76-e79. Epub 2011 Aug 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Behçet's disease is a chronic, relapsing, multi-systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent orogenital aphthous ulcers, uveitis, and skin lesions. Vascular involvement affects the veins more commonly than the arteries of these patients. Arterial involvement may include aneurysm formation, occlusive disease, and stenosis, with the most common sites being the abdominal aorta and femoral and pulmonary arteries. Read More

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October 2011
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Multiple spontaneous coronary artery ruptures and cardiac tamponade in vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Feb 12;3(1):e29-e32. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Department of Medicine and Biological Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.

We report a case of a 45-year-old woman with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV, the vascular type, who presented with multiple coronary artery ruptures causing cardiac tamponade. She had sudden onset of chest pain soon after transarterial embolization for right carotid-cavernous fistula. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed cardiac tamponade and hypokinetic inferolateral wall. Read More

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February 2011
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Electrochemotherapy in the Treatment of Breast Cancer Metastasis to the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue - Multicenter Experience.

Oncol Res Treat 2018 Dec 12;42(1-2). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Introduction: Breast cancer is responsible for more than 50% of cutaneous metastases. One of the treatment options is electrochemotherapy (ECT). It is an effective method of local tumor ablation through the application of electroporation. Read More

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December 2018
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Protective Mechanism of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Remodelling of the Skin Stem Cell Niche During Photoaging.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 11;51(5):2456-2471. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Background/aims: Skin photoaging is primarily caused by the functional attrition of skin stem cells. The skin stem cell niche plays an important role in maintaining stem cell survival and behaviour. In our study, we hypothesized that UVB irradiation induces skin photoaging by changing skin stem cell niches and that transferred adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can remodel the niches by affecting the BMP signalling pathway and transdifferentiating into skin stem cells. Read More

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December 2018
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