4,070 results match your criteria Situs Inversus Imaging
Obes Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Laparoscopy Research Center, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Background: Laparoscopic one-anastomosis gastric bypass is a new bariatric surgery technique for weight loss in morbid obesity. This technique has come to be associated with suitable weight loss results, low technical complications, short surgery time, low cost, short post-operational period, and low chances of injury comparisons with other bariatric surgical approaches to weight loss in morbid obesity such as sleeve and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no report of such surgery in the case of situs inversus totalis concurrent with morbid obesity. Read More
Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):872-878
Professor Dr Md Kamruzzaman Khan, Professor Department of Surgery, Dhaka Community Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard approach since its introduction in 1987 by Mouret. Situs inversus totalis is a rare anomaly in which transposition of the organ to the opposite site of the body occurs. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to gall stone disease in such few cases has been reported in the literature. Read More
Am J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 21;103(6):995-1008. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Genome Research Division, Human Genetics Department, Radboud University Medical Center and Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Geert Grooteplein Zuid 10, 6525KL Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg University Faculty of Medicine, Mathildenstrasse 1, 79112 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:
Dysfunction of motile monocilia, altering the leftward flow at the embryonic node essential for determination of left-right body asymmetry, is a major cause of laterality defects. Laterality defects are also often associated with reduced mucociliary clearance caused by defective multiple motile cilia of the airway and are responsible for destructive airway disease. Outer dynein arms (ODAs) are essential for ciliary beat generation, and human respiratory cilia contain different ODA heavy chains (HCs): the panaxonemally distributed γ-HC DNAH5, proximally located β-HC DNAH11 (defining ODA type 1), and the distally localized β-HC DNAH9 (defining ODA type 2). Read More
Am J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 21;103(6):984-994. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Genetics and Genomic Medicine Programme, University College London, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK. Electronic address:
Motile cilia move body fluids and gametes and the beating of cilia lining the airway epithelial surfaces ensures that they are kept clear and protected from inhaled pathogens and consequent respiratory infections. Dynein motor proteins provide mechanical force for cilia beating. Dynein mutations are a common cause of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), an inherited condition characterized by deficient mucociliary clearance and chronic respiratory disease coupled with laterality disturbances and subfertility. Read More
Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, USA. Electronic address:
Dextrocardia is a congenital anomaly where the heart is abnormally located in the right hemithorax. In these patients, the implementation of transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (TV-ICD) can be technically challenging and pose a higher risk of complications than the general population. We present the case of a male patient that was successfully submitted to right-sided implantation of subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) as an alternative to transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. Read More
Eur Radiol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of swallowing MRI of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) in the postoperative care of patients after laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved prospective study, 79 symptomatic patients (mean age, 52.3 years; range, 26-80 years) were evaluated after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. MRI findings were correlated with revision surgery, endoscopy, and high-resolution manometry (HRM) as standard of reference. Read More
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Study Design: Cross-sectional.
Objective: To analyze the thoracic center of mass (COM) position of children at different ages and evaluate its relation with the previously reported pre-existent rotational pattern of the normal spine.
Summary Of Background Data: The normal, non-scoliotic thoracic spine is known to have a rotational pattern that changes direction during growth; a transition from left-sided towards right-sided rotation with increasing age. Read More
Echocardiography 2018 11;35(11):1885-1888
Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
Crisscross heart(CCH) is a rare congenital anomaly. CCH is always with rare complex congenital heart malformations, and for this reason it is difficult to diagnose. We present an asymptomatic 29-year-old pregant woman with history of cardiac murmur at 28 weeks of gestation. Read More
J Clin Anesth 2018 Nov 1;54:55-56. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Anesthesiology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Radiologe 2018 Nov;58(11):1021-1034
Kinderradiologie im Dr. von Haunerschen Kinderspital der Radiologischen Klinik und Poliklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Deutschland.
Upper abdominal pain, icterus and cholestasis are the main symptoms leading to evaluation of the biliary tract. Since the advent of contrast-enhanced ultrasound techniques the accuracy of bile duct imaging has significantly improved. This is also true for computed tomography using isotropic secondary reconstructions as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including MR cholangiography (MRC), classically and after iv injection of hepatobiliary contrast agent. Read More
J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 24;12(1):324. Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Department of Pediatrics Cardiovascular Medicine, Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute, P.O. Box 65141, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Background: Congenital cardiac defects are not rare among neonates. Prompt assessment for life-threatening anomalies is essential for rapid management decisions and positive outcomes. Extracardiac anomalies can occur in congenital heart defects, and their presence increases morbidity and mortality in these neonates. Read More
Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
Department of Cardiology, SCTIMST, Thiruvananthapuram, India.
Background: Studies on dextrocardia have been limited by low numbers. Hence, it is very difficult to find the most common diagnosis in patients with dextrocardia, who are seeking medical attention in tertiary care center.
Aims And Objective: To identify the most common diagnostic pattern in patients with dextrocardia with different situs. Read More
J Arrhythm 2018 Oct 20;34(5):583-585. Epub 2018 Jul 20.
Takatsuki General Hospital Heart Rhythm Center Takatsuki Japan.
A 51-year-old male with dextrocardia and situs inversus underwent catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Because the procedure through the trans-septal approach was impossible due to the inferior vena cava continuity with azygos vein, we performed pulmonary vein isolation using magnetic navigation system through the retrograde trans-aortic approach. Superior and inferior left-sided and superior right-sided pulmonary veins could be isolated which was confirmed by the ablation catheter. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 12;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 12.
Institute of Liver Disease & Transplantation, Gleneagles Global Health City Chennai, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Liver transplantation for biliary atresia splenic malformation syndrome associated with situs inversus totalis is a challenging task due to the complexity of associated malformations and the technical proficiency required to overcome them. We present the case of a 6-month-old infant who underwent liver transplantation for biliary atresia. A reduced left lateral segment liver graft from a live donor (his mother) was implanted. Read More
J Pediatr 2018 Oct 4. Epub 2018 Oct 4.
Department of Pediatrics, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, WI. Electronic address:
Objectives: To characterize the diversity and prevalence of thoraco-abdominal abnormalities in Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), a model ciliopathy for understanding the role of cilia in human health.
Study Design: The Clinical Registry Investigating BBS, a worldwide registry exploring the phenotype and natural history of BBS, was used to conduct the study. Protected health information was obtained by subject or family interview and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-approved release of data including imaging studies and genetic testing. Read More
Am J Hum Biol 2018 Nov 4;30(6):e23179. Epub 2018 Oct 4.
University of Jamestown Physical Therapy Program, Fargo, North Dakota.
Objectives: Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to noninvasively examine mummified remains, but can have resolution limitations when analyzing smaller mummified specimens, such as fetal mummies. This short report determines if the enhanced resolution of micro CT improves the anatomical analysis of mummified fetal anatomy.
Methods: A fetal mummy from an anatomical collection was scanned by a micro CT at a resolution of 0. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2018 Jun 27;17(6):208-211. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tsuchiya General Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan.
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved into a standard therapy for aged patients with severe aortic valve stenosis who are not candidates for surgery. However, the reports about the safety of TAVI for patients with dextrocardia situs inversus are few. An 84-year-old man with dextrocardia situs inversus underwent a TAVI for severe aortic stenosis (AS) with an aortic valve area of 0. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2018 Feb 12;17(2):48-51. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Science and Research, Bangalore, India.
Acute myocardial infarction in dextrocardia may present several challenges either in electrocardiographic diagnosis or coronary intervention or both, due to abnormal location of the heart, mirror images o the aorta and its branches, and abnormal coronary origin and orientation. Also, dextrocardia as a risk factor for coronary artery disease is less well established. We report the case of a young patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus without any risk factor who presented with acute extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction diagnosed after lead reversal and who successfully underwent coronary intervention using "double inversion technique". Read More
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Nov 1;176(11):2243-2249. Epub 2018 Oct 1.
Division of Medical Genetics and Metabolism, Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia.
Congenital lumbar hernia is a rare anomaly consisting of protrusion of abdominal organs or extraperitoneal tissue through a defect in the lateral abdominal wall. The majority of affected patients have additional anomalies in a pattern described as the lumbocostovertebral syndrome. We report four patients born to mothers with poorly controlled diabetes with congenital lumbar hernia. Read More
Acad Radiol 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, 12 El-Gomhoreya Street, Mansoura 35112, Egypt. Electronic address:
Rationale And Objectives: Aortic arch (AA) variants and anomalies are important to recognize in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) before surgery or intervention. The aim was to study the prevalence of AA anomalies and variants in patients with CHD compared to a control group. The secondary outcome was to report the associations between common variations of AA and specific types of CHD. Read More
J UOEH 2018;40(3):237-241
Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan.
Situs inversus totalis is a rare clinical condition that represents a complete mirror image of the normal arrangement of the thoracic and abdominal viscera. There are very few reported cases of lung cancer patients with situs inversus totalis, but this condition requires particular care during surgery. A 61-year-old woman presented to our hospital with an abnormal shadow on chest radiography. Read More
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2018 Sep 16:2150135118788786. Epub 2018 Sep 16.
1 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA.
Systemic venous anomalies can occur in isolation or in association with other congenital heart disease. A left superior vena cava draining to a roofed coronary sinus represents the most common venous variant and is usually inconsequential. Embryologic or acquired disruptions in systemic veins can be problematic due to shunting and/or venous obstruction. Read More
BMC Struct Biol 2018 09 15;18(1):12. Epub 2018 Sep 15.
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.
Background: Dramatic progress has recently been made in cryo-electron microscopy technologies, which now make possible the reconstruction of a growing number of biomolecular structures to near-atomic resolution. However, the need persists for fitting and refinement approaches that address those cases that require modeling assistance.
Methods: In this paper, we describe algorithms to optimize the performance of such medium-resolution refinement methods. Read More
Dev Biol 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.
Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy.
In the second half of the eighteenth century, Schlosser and Ellis described the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri garnering the interest of scientists around the world. In the 1950's scientists began to study B. schlosseri and soon recognized it as an important model organism for the study of developmental biology and comparative immunology. Read More
ANZ J Surg 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Department of Intensive Care Unit, Hospital of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, China.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Sep;28(9):S154-S156
Department of Paeds Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Karachi.
The arterial switch operation is considered as standard therapy for isolated D-transposition of the great arteries. However, in under-developed countries, patients still present with D-transposition of the great arteries beyond the neonatal age redering them unsuitable for anatomical repair. These children are often offered physiological repair, i. Read More
Thorax 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.
PCD Diagnostic Team, Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, London, UK.
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is associated with abnormal organ positioning (situs) and congenital heart disease (CHD). This study investigated genotype-phenotype associations in PCD to facilitate risk predictions for cardiac and laterality defects. This retrospective cohort study of 389 UK patients with PCD found 51% had abnormal situs and 25% had CHD and/or laterality defects other than situs inversus totalis. Read More
Plant Divers 2017 Dec 11;39(6):379-382. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650204, China.
The need for integration of ex situ and in situ approaches in conservation of plants has long been recognized. However, ex situ collections have numerous limitations that reduce their utility for conservation, necessitating the introduction of new, more appropriate, flexible and less costly approaches. Two new approaches that can be called "intermediate" between in situ and ex situ, and bridging them in some way have been proposed over the last two decades. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 21;51:82-85. Epub 2018 Aug 21.
Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine-Northwest, Dunes Medical Professional Building, Room 3028A, 3400 Broadway, Gary, IN, 46408-1197, USA. Electronic address:
Introduction: Left-sided gallbladder without situs viscerum inversus (LSG-woSVI) is defined as a gallbladder located under the left lobe of the liver; to the left of the round/falciform ligament, but with all other viscera maintaining normal anatomical relationships. This is a rare congenital anomaly with a reported prevalence that ranges from 0.04% to 1. Read More
PLoS Genet 2018 Aug 27;14(8):e1007602. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Department of General Pediatrics, University Hospital Muenster, Muenster, Germany.
The clinical spectrum of ciliopathies affecting motile cilia spans impaired mucociliary clearance in the respiratory system, laterality defects including heart malformations, infertility and hydrocephalus. Using linkage analysis and whole exome sequencing, we identified two recessive loss-of-function MNS1 mutations in five individuals from four consanguineous families: 1) a homozygous nonsense mutation p.Arg242* in four males with laterality defects and infertility and 2) a homozygous nonsense mutation p. Read More
BMC Surg 2018 Aug 20;18(1):64. Epub 2018 Aug 20.
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No.139 Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, People's Republic of China.
Background: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) refers to an unusual condition involving reversal of abdominal and thoracic viscera, with an incidence rate of 1/5000-20,000 adults. Minimally invasive surgeries for SIT patients are technically challenging, while the surgical experience for SIT patients is quite limited.
Case Presentation: A 61-year-old man, previously diagnosed as SIT, came to our hospital for 6 months history of hematochezia and altered bowel habit. Read More
World J Surg Oncol 2018 Aug 20;16(1):173. Epub 2018 Aug 20.
Department of Urology, First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, No. 85, Jiefangnan Road, Taiyuan, 030001, Shanxi, China.
Background: Situs inversus totalis is a relatively rare congenital anomaly. Performing the retrolaparoscopic adrenalectomy for the patient with situs inversus totalis is a skill-demanding and challenging surgical task, which has been even more rarely reported.
Case Presentation: We present a case with a large right adrenal mass (10. Read More
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2018 Sep 4;143:263-266. Epub 2018 Aug 4.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, South Korea. Electronic address:
A novel mutation in intron 9-exon 10 boundary of the GCK gene was detected in a male patient with clinical features of GCK-MODY and situs inversus. This case highlights the value of sequencing the GCK gene in individuals with GCK-MODY phenotype and no family history of monogenic diabetes. Read More
Eur Urol Focus 2018 03 3;4(2):142-143. Epub 2018 Aug 3.
Clinic of Urology and Transplantation, Medical Faculty of Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale, Germany.
The use of robotic techniques in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy currently tends to involve a longer ischemia time without clear advantages, and the cost of robotic surgery is significantly higher. If only one robot is available, then unnecessary prolongation of cold ischemia time also occurs, as the donor must first be undocked to dock the recipient. The combination of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy with parallel initiation of robot-assisted situs preparation and exposure of the renal vessels appears to be the best current approach to safe and cost-effective donor nephrectomy and subsequent robot-assisted kidney transplantation without wasting any time. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 27;50:36-41. Epub 2018 Jun 27.
Tenancingo Surgical Center (Central Quirúrgica Tenancingo), 306 Matamoros, Tenancingo, Mexico, 52400, Mexico. Electronic address:
Introduction: Gallbladders located to the left of falciform ligament, without situs inversus, are denominated sinistroposition or true left-sided gallbladders; it is considered a rare anatomic anomaly with a prevalence in between 0.1% and 0.7%. Read More
J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2018 Jul 26. Epub 2018 Jul 26.
Department of Electrophysiology, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Alfried-Krupp-Str. 21, 45131, Essen, Germany.
Pediatrics 2018 Aug;142(2)
Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Background: Infants with heterotaxy syndrome (HS) have abnormal lateralization of organs along the right-left body axis. Intestinal rotation abnormalities (IRAs) are a potential source of morbidity and mortality. For this study, our objective was to prospectively observe a cohort of infants with HS and determine the incidence and natural history of IRA. Read More
Congenit Heart Dis 2018 Jul 22;13(4):624-627. Epub 2018 Jul 22.
Children's Heart Center Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
Patients: We reviewed all patients evaluated at our center with situs solitus, levocardia, and a right aortic arch that were born between January 2000 and January 2018.
Results: From our databases, we identified 204 patients. We excluded patients with a double aortic arch from analysis. Read More
Presse Med 2018 Oct 20;47(10):927-929. Epub 2018 Jul 20.
Habib Thameur Hospital, Department of gastroenterology, 1008 Tunis, Tunisia.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Jul 17. Epub 2018 Jul 17.
the Department of Gynecology, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China (Dr. Li). Electronic address:
Islets 2018 19;10(4):168-174. Epub 2018 Jul 19.
a Division of Transplant, Department of Surgery , University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago , Illinois.
Islet cell transplantation is a promising functional cure for type 1 diabetes; however, maintaining long-term islet graft function and insulin independence is difficult to achieve. In this short report we present a patient with situs inversus, who at the time of islet transplantation had a 26-year history of type 1 diabetes, complicated by hypoglycemic unawareness and severe hypoglycemic events. After a single allogeneic islet transplant of a low islet mass, and despite developing de novo anti-insulin and anti-GAD65 autoantibodies, the patient has remarkably maintained insulin independence with tight glycemic control and normal metabolic profiles for 10 years, after receiving prolonged non-T-cell depleting immunosuppression. Read More
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Biomed Tech (Berl) 2018 Jul 12. Epub 2018 Jul 12.
Chair for Catheter Technologies, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany.
Purpose For the treatment of malignant diseases of the oral cavity and the larynx, a total or partial resection is the standard therapy, while in special cases chemo- and/or external radiation therapy is considered. Transoral access reduces trauma and hospitalization time. Transoral surgery is usually executed using external microscopic imaging. Read More
J Thorac Dis 2018 May;10(5):E383-E386
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200433, China.
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is an extremely rare condition where the major organs are reversed or mirrored from their usual positions. There are few reports in the literature describing thoracoscopic major surgery in patients with this unusual anomaly. Here we report a 48-year old female with two small early stage lung cancer lesions located in the apicoposterior segment of the right upper lobe and in the dorsal segment of the right lower lobe. Read More
J Electrocardiol 2018 Jul - Aug;51(4):634-636. Epub 2018 Apr 21.
Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695011, India.
A 25 year old lady presented with palpitation to the emergency department. Her pulse rate was 210 beats per minute. She was hemodynamically stable with a blood pressure of 100/60 mm Hg. Read More
J Postgrad Med 2018 Jul-Sep;64(3):183-185
Department of Anesthesia, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
We report a case of incarcerated left indirect inguinal hernia in a male child which on exploration revealed the presence of free air and fecal matter containing fluid in the hernial sac. This is the second reported case of the presence of cecal perforation in left Amyand's hernia in pediatric age group and unique in the sense of the form of abnormal anatomy encountered per-operatively. Read More
Obes Surg 2018 Jul 9. Epub 2018 Jul 9.
Surgery B Department, Carmel Medical Center, 7 Michal Street 3436212, Haifa, Israel.
Background: Situs inversus is a congenital condition in which the major visceral organs are reversed or mirrored from their normal positions. Situs inversus is found in about 0.01% of the population. Read More
Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.
Unit of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Department of Morphological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Bellaterra, 08193, Barcelona, Spain.
Purpose: Situs inversus totalis is mirror transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. Very few reports have been published on anatomic dissections of cadavers with this condition.
Methods: This work describes a case of situs inversus totalis identified during the anatomical dissection of a 91-year-old woman. Read More
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Jul 22:1-5. Epub 2018 Jul 22.
a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine , Ankara , Turkey.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate congenital heart disease (CHD) cases according to EUROCAT subgroup classification that were diagnosed during the prenatal period in our center.
Methods: CHDs that were prenatally diagnosed using ultrasonography and confirmed by fetal echocardiography were reviewed over a 10-year period. Subgroup classification was finalized at the post-partum period in terms of the EUROCAT guide 1. Read More