5,427 results match your criteria Sinusitis Imaging


Surgical strategy for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) on maxilla: A multicenter retrospective study.

J Dent Sci 2021 Jul 31;16(3):885-890. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Clinical Oral Oncology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

Background/purpose: Because the anatomy and the nature of the bone tissue between the mandible and maxilla are largely different, more site-specific studies are required to improve the healing rate on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The present study assessed maxillary MRONJ that was treated by surgery to understand its clinical characteristics, and to identify critical factors that influenced outcomes.

Materials And Methods: The medical records of 54 patients with maxillary MRONJ who underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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A Rare Presentation of Posterior Cerebral Artery Stroke With Monocular Hemianopia After Diesel Exposure.

Cureus 2021 May 12;13(5):e14977. Epub 2021 May 12.

Internal Medicine, Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, USA.

Acute ischemic stroke of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) presents with variable symptoms that may initially make it challenging to diagnose. Common etiologies of PCA stroke include large and small artery disease, atherosclerosis, and cardioembolism. We present a 69-year-old male, initially diagnosed with sinusitis at an urgent care facility, who presented with worsening headache and peripheral vision loss following exposure to diesel vapor and exhaust. Read More

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Assessment of the necessity of frontal sinostomy in cases of frontal sinusitis associated with fungus ball of the maxillary sinus.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Jixi Road 218, Hefei, 230022, Anhui, China.

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes in patients presenting with fungus ball of the maxillary sinus (MSFB) and frontal sinusitis who were treated via middle meatal antrostomy alone.

Methods: This was a randomized, controlled study with a parallel group design. Patients with MSFB and frontal sinusitis were randomly assigned to the maxillary middle meatal antrostomy (MMMA) or control (MMMA + frontal sinusotomy) groups. Read More

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Clinical experience and treatment approaches in sinonasal osteomas from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Turkey.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Objective: Osteomas are slow-growing benign osseous tumors that particularly located in the paranasal sinuses (PS). Here, we aimed to define the clinical symptoms and features, diagnostic conditions caused by osteomas located in four different PSs, to evaluate the surgical indications and methods, to compare the factors that can affect the surgical decision, radiological findings, and prognosis.

Methods: The data of patients with paranasal sinus lesions and diagnosed as osteoma according to the radiological imaging, who applied to our clinic between 2010 and 2020, were retrospectively collected and re-evaluated in the light of clinical, radiological, and pathological data. Read More

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Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in children: A single-center experience.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 1;56(3):236-244. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Child Health and Diseases, Department of Child Neurology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the patients with a diagnosis of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in terms of clinical findings, etiology and underlying risk factors, imaging findings, treatment, and prognosis in the long term.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of 19 patients whose ages ranged between 0 days and 17 years with clinical and radiological cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in Ege University Department of Child Neurology were retrospectively evaluated.

Results: Nine of nineteen cases were female (47. Read More

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Medical and surgical treatment of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis in a child with leukemia.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Jun 16;22:101092. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a rare opportunistic infection with a high mortality despite relevant treatment.

Observations: A 3-year-old girl under treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia developed periorbital swelling, ophthalmoplegia and a necrotic palatal lesion during a period of neutropenia. Imaging revealed sinusitis, pre- and postseptal cellulitis. Read More

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Imaging spectrum of acute invasive fungal rhino-orbital-cerebral sinusitis in COVID-19 patients: A case series and a review of literature.

J Neuroradiol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Ain Shams University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of devastating opportunistic coinfections in patients with COVID-19 infection, their imaging features and their morbidity and mortality consequences need to be unraveled.

Methods: This is a case series presenting the radiologic features and clinical presentation of acute invasive fungal rhino-orbital-cerebral sinusitis (AIFS) in eight hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection.

Results: Our patient cohort presented with symptoms of the invasive fungal disease within 12-35 days from their initial presentation with COVID-19 infection. Read More

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Sinonasal polyposis complicated with extradural abscess and lateral rectus palsy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 26;14(5). Epub 2021 May 26.

ENT & Head and neck surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Sinogenic intracranial and orbital complications are infrequent complications of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), leading to potentially fatal intracranial and orbital sequelae. The mortality and morbidity associated with these complications remain high despite the widespread use of antibiotics. We report a patient with CRSwNP presenting with acute onset extradural empyema and sixth nerve palsy in whom the diagnosis was delayed, necessitating early surgical intervention. Read More

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Pott's Puffy Tumor in an Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patient on Anti-TNF Therapy.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 25;22:e929892. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

BACKGROUND Anti-TNF-alpha therapies were the first class of biologics to be used in treatment of moderate to severe IBD. Immunosuppression status that develops from using anti-TNF-a therapies increases the risk of serious and opportunistic infections. We present here a rare case of serious infection that developed in an IBD patient while on anti-TNF therapy. Read More

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Development of a self-directed sinonasal surgical anatomy video curriculum: Phase 1 validation.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ.

Background: Sinusitis is a common outpatient diagnosis made by physicians and is a reason for referral to otolaryngologists. A foundation in basic sinonasal anatomy is critical in understanding sinus pathophysiology and avoiding complications. Our objective in this study was to develop and to validate a self-directed surgical anatomy video for medical students. Read More

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Emergency radiologic approach to sinus disease.

Emerg Radiol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, 4500 San Pablo Rd S, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA.

Sinus disease is commonly encountered, especially in the acute care setting. Imaging can support a diagnosis of sinusitis, help identify an etiology, and delineate intracranial and extracranial complications. Suspicion of complicated rhinosinusitis is an indication for contrast-enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Liver Transplantation in a Child with Kartagener Syndrome: A Case Report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2021 11;14:295-299. Epub 2021 May 11.

Departments of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital & The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Kartagener syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disorder consisting of the triad of situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, and bronchiectasis. Although there are previous reports regarding the anaesthetic considerations in KS, none have included liver transplantation.

Case Presentation: An 11-year-old boy with a diagnosis of KS underwent liver transplantation due to extrahepatic biliary atresia. Read More

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Cluster headache due to structural lesions: A systematic review of published cases.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(14):3294-3307

Emergency Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230000, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Cluster headache (CH) is a severe incapacitating headache disorder. By definition, its diagnosis must exclude possible underlying structural conditions.

Aim: To review available information on CLH caused by structural lesions and to provide better guides in the distinguishing process and to ensure that there is not a potentially treatable structural lesion. Read More

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The Combination of Panoramic Imaging and Waters' Projection Contributes to the Diagnosis of Odontogenic Maxillary Sinusitis.

Kobe J Med Sci 2021 Apr 21;66(5):E180-E186. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Radiology, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of adding Waters' projection to panoramic imaging compared with panoramic imaging or Waters' projection alone. Maxillary sinusitis in 106 patients (206 sinuses) was retrospectively assessed with panoramic imaging, Waters' projection, and computed tomography imaging by two oral radiologists. The diagnostic performance was assessed with computed tomography imaging as the gold standard. Read More

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Ameloblastoma of the maxillary sinus: conservative surgical management considering high recurrence risk potential.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 13;14(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Klinikum Mutterhaus der Borromäerinnen gGmbH, Trier, Deutschland, Germany.

Ameloblastoma (AM) in the maxillary sinus is rare. This benign entity shows locally invasive, destructive and aggressive behaviour and a high rate of recurrence. Therefore, the course of treatment is radical resection. Read More

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Infantile orbital abscess: clinical presentation, microbiological profile, and management outcomes.

Orbit 2021 May 11:1-7. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetics, Chennai, India.

: Orbital abscesses in children are not uncommon. Unless managed in a timely fashion, they can potentially lead to vision-threatening as well as life-threatening complications. The objective of this study is to report the clinical and microbiological profile and management outcomes in infants presenting with orbital abscesses. Read More

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The Role of Imaging in the Preoperative Assessment of Patients with Nasal Obstruction and Septal Deviation-A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 23;25(2):e242-e248. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

 Isolated nasal obstruction (INO) is a common complaint of multiple etiology. The preoperative evaluation of patients presenting with nasal obstruction and deviated nasal septum (DNS) does not typically include imaging. The benefits of performing computed tomography (CT) in the preoperative setting are inconclusive. Read More

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Ultrasonography used in the diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis: From experimental imaging to clinical practice.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 14;21(6):611. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Anatomy, 'Carol Davila' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania.

There is an increasing incidence of sinusitis cases in outpatient clinics; therefore, new methods for screening and triage are required. Performance of sinus sonography in our outpatient protocol was assessed in order to ascertain the specificity and sensitivity of this imaging method to detect rhinosinusitis. A total of 81 consecutive cases with clinical signs of sinusitis were collected and clinical data compared with sinus sonography results. Read More

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Kartagener syndrome: A case report.

Can J Respir Ther 2021 21;57:44-48. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Damascus University Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Kartagener syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive genetic disorder that causes defects in the action of ciliary movement, comprises of triad situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, and bronchiectasis. We present the case of a 3-year-old boy with repeated respiratory infections and pneumonic infections presenting with acute respiratory failure. He was diagnosed with Kartagener syndrome based on his clinical presentation and imaging features. Read More

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COVID-19 triggering mucormycosis in a susceptible patient: a new phenomenon in the developing world?

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

General Medicine, Nitte University K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

A middle-aged woman with diabetes presented with left-sided facial pain, complete ptosis and fever of short duration. On presentation, she had hyperglycaemia without ketosis. There was total ophthalmoplegia of the left eye with a visual acuity of 6/36. Read More

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Prevalence of the anatomical variations of concha bullosa and its relation with sinusitis among Saudi population: a computed tomography scan study.

Anat Cell Biol 2021 Jun;54(2):193-201

Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Concha bullosa (CB) is a pneumatic cavitation inside a concha in the nasal cavity. It is one of the most widely recognized nasal variations and is mostly found in the middle concha. CB is divided according to its site into three types; lamellar, bulbous and extensive. Read More

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Revision endoscopic frontal sinus surgery for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis via modified agger nasi approach.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):300060521995273

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The Affiliated Huai'an Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Huaian, China.

Objective: To examine the clinical effects of revision endoscopic frontal sinus surgery (RESS) through modified agger nasi (MAN)-middle turbinate resection on refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

Methods: We reviewed 156 patients who were treated for refractory CRS from February 2012 to August 2014. These patients had been diagnosed with refractory CRS by computed tomography and endoscopy and had received several surgical and medical treatments in the past, but their condition had not been cured. Read More

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Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma mimicking chronic invasive fungal disease of paranasal sinuses.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Jun 14;103(6):e193-e195. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Sinonasal teratoid carcinosarcoma or teratocarcinoma is an extremely rare aggressive tumour. It usually arises in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. In this study, the authors described magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings from a patient with sinonasal teratocarcinoma. Read More

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Assessment of the orbital structures using computed tomography in healthy adults.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Apr;24(4):561-568

Department of Ophthalmology, Buyukcekmece State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the orbital and ocular dimensions using computed tomography (CT) scans in healthy adults.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 302 Turkish adult individuals aged 20-76 years (158 males and 144 females), who underwent paranasal sinus or craniofacial CT due to headache or suspicion of sinusitis, but abnormal orbital or cranial CT findings were not detected. Linear and volumetric measurements of the orbital structures were performed in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes on CT slices. Read More

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Deployment of a bioabsorbable plate as the rigid buttress for skull base repair after endoscopic pituitary surgery.

Gland Surg 2021 Mar;10(3):1010-1017

Department of Neurosurgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: Bioresorbable alloplastic implants have become desirable as a rigid buttress for reconstructing skull base defects. This study aimed to describe the use of a biodegradable plate (PolyMax RAPID) in skull base repair of endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery and to investigate the clinical outcome and safety of this novel method.

Methods: Between January 2019 and January 2020, 22 patients with pituitary adenomas who underwent endoscopic skull base repair with a Polymax RAPID plate were included. Read More

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Pyogenic meningitis and trigeminal neuritis secondary to periodontogenic paranasal sinusitis in a red deer (Cervus elaphus).

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Jun 9;83(6):947-951. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Okayama University of Science, 1-3 Ikoinooka, Imabari, Ehime 794-8555, Japan.

An adult female red deer died of a severe seizure and dysbasia. Postmortem computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed. On CT, deciduous right maxillary second and third premolar teeth were observed, and the right infraorbital canal was disrupted. Read More

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Sunken Nose.

N Engl J Med 2021 04 3;384(14):e52. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

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Post coronavirus disease mucormycosis: a deadly addition to the pandemic spectrum.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 May 8;135(5):442-447. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, India.

Objective: To study the possible association between invasive fungal sinusitis (mucormycosis) and coronavirus disease.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care centre over four months, involving all patients with mucormycosis of the paranasal sinuses suffering from or having a history of coronavirus disease infection.

Results: Twenty-three patients presented with mucormycosis, all had an association with coronavirus disease 2019. Read More

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Orbital abscess due to infection of a non-absorbable porous orbital implant after orbital wall fracture repair : An uncommon and delayed occurred case.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 5:11206721211008035. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.

We report a rare case of a patient who developed an orbital abscess several years after successful orbital medial wall fracture repair. A 37-year-old female patient who underwent orbital fracture repair with a titanium Medpor orbital implant two years prior visited the clinic for pain, conjunctival injection, discharge, and lid swelling of the right eye. Orbital CT revealed severe orbital cellulitis and sinusitis. Read More

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Pediatric subperiosteal orbital abscess characterization and prediction of size, location, and management.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 May 28;144:110693. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States; Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Introduction: Subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) is a serious suppurative complication of pediatric sinusitis. The objective of this study is to stratify patient selection into those best treated medically versus surgically based on clinical outcomes.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with SPOA complicating sinusitis treated at a tertiary care pediatric hospital from 2002 through 2016. Read More

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