11,103 results match your criteria Sinusitis Chronic


Otitis Media in Childhood and Disease in Adulthood: A 40-Year Follow-Up Study.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Chronic Diseases and Ageing, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: The pathogenesis of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) includes complex interactions between microbial, immunologic, and genetic factors. To our knowledge, no study has focused on the association between childhood otitis media, immune regulation, inflammatory conditions, and chronic disease in adulthood. The present study aims to assess whether CSOM in childhood predicts immune-related inflammatory disorders or cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000729DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Unravelling the Disease Spectrum.

Authors:
Virendra Singh

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 28;18(2):164-179. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, PGIDS, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana 124001 India.

Fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS), once considered a rare disease, has seen a steep rise in incidence in recent times. This global rise in the burden of fungal disease is a consequence of an increment in the population with weakened immune systems. Increased life expectancy with rise in conditions like diabetes mellitus, medical advancements with invasive interventions, use of immunosuppressive drugs and chemo-radiotherapy all lead to unique risk situations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441414PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Review of Cystic Fibrosis.

Pediatr Ann 2019 Apr;48(4):e154-e161

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by pancreatic insufficiency and chronic endobronchial airway infection. This latter feature results in progressive bronchiectasis and ultimately respiratory failure, which is the leading cause of death in patients with CF. Other complications include sinusitis, diabetes mellitus, bowel obstruction, hepatobiliary disease, hyponatremic dehydration, and infertility. Read More

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https://www.healio.com/doiresolver?doi=10.3928/19382359-2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20190327-01DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Chronic rhinosinusitis of adults: new definition, new diagnosis].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):274-278

Service ORL, Hôpitaux de Brabois, CHRU de Nancy ; EA 3450 DevAH, développement, adaptation et handicap, laboratoire de physiologie ; université de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

Chronic rhinosinusitis of adults: new definition, new diagnosis. The three-nose theory, which is based on evolution and development of the nose, seems useful for a better understanding of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The nose seems in fact to be composed of three noses (one olfactory, one respiratory and one sinusal nose), each of them being able to be affected by specific diseases. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

TGF-β1 Induces Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of Chronic Sinusitis with Nasal Polyps through MicroRNA-21.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019 Apr 12:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China,

Objectives: To characterize the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and to investigate the mechanism by which microRNA-21 (miR-21) regulates EMT in CRSwNP.

Method: (1) Tissue experiments: Mucosa tissues were collected from 13 patients with CRSwNP and 12 patients with CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), as well as 11 patients without CRS (controls). Protein localization and quantification were achieved by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting, involving the epithelial marker protein E-cadherin and the mesenchymal marker proteins α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin, and vimentin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497829DOI Listing

Anatomical variation of the sphenoid sinus in paediatric patients and its association with age and chronic rhinosinusitis.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Apr 10:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Special Surgery,King Abdullah University Hospital,Faculty of Medicine,Jordan University of Science and Technology,Irbid,Jordan.

Objective: To report the prevalence of different anatomical variations of the sphenoid sinus and its related structures among paediatric patients with or without chronic rhinosinusitis.

Methods: Computed tomography scans of 50 paediatric patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were reviewed and compared to 50 scans of paediatric patients without chronic rhinosinusitis. The type of sphenoid sinus pneumatisation and the surrounding structures were thoroughly analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000653DOI Listing

Double-blind, randomised controlled trial on the efficacy of saline nasal irrigation with sodium hyaluronate after endoscopic sinus surgery.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Apr 10:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health,San Giuseppe Hospital,IRCCS Multimedica,University of Milan,Italy.

Objective: There is a growing interest in sodium hyaluronate for the clinical management of patients who undergo functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis, because of the mucosal regenerative properties of this macromolecule. However, its role in post-operative care is still debated. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of sodium hyaluronate administered via nasal irrigation with saline, in the post-operative period, after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002221511
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000446DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of and factors associated with adult-onset asthma in different ethnic groups: The HELIUS study.

Respir Med 2019 Apr 25;150:113-119. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Little is known about adult-onset asthma in different ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence of adult-onset asthma and factors associated with this phenotype. Cross-sectional data of 23,356 participants of the HELIUS study were used, including Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Moroccan, Turkish and Ghanaian origin participants. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09546111193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2019.02.018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Association between Health Conditions in World Trade Center Responders and Sleep-Related Quality of Life and Sleep Complaints.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 6;16(7). Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.

World Trade Center (WTC) dust-exposed subjects have multiple comorbidities that affect sleep. These include obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), gastroesophageal-reflux disorder (GERD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the impact of these conditions to sleep-related outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071229DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Nasal Polyposis: More than a Chronic Inflammatory Disorder-A Disease of Mechanical Dysfunction-The São Paulo Position.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 1;23(2):241-249. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Unifesp, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

 The importance of our study lies in the fact that we have demonstrated the occurrence of mechanical dysfunction within polypoid tissues, which promotes the development of polyps in the nasal cavity.  To change the paradigm of nasal polyposis (NP). In this new conception, the chronic nasal inflammatory process that occurs in response to allergies, to pollution, to changes in the epithelial barrier, or to other factors is merely the trigger of the development of the disease in individuals with a genetic predisposition to an abnormal tissue remodeling process, which leads to a derangement of the mechanical properties of the nasal mucosa and, consequently, allows it to grow unchecked. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1676659
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449132PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Bacterial Isolates in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Kaduna, Nigeria.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 25;23(2):152-156. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

 A common practice in the management of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), the empirical use of antibiotics may contribute to treatment failure and to the development of antimicrobial resistance.  To determine the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria associated with CRS.  This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which endoscopically guided middle meatal swabs (IBM Spss, version 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449141PMC

Somatization, Depression, and Anxiety Disorders in a Rhinology Practice.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Apr 5:1945892419841317. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida.

Background: Patients present to rhinology clinics with various complaints. Symptoms may be attributable to objective findings, some remain unexplained. The objective is to investigate the incidence of psychological disorders in a rhinologic practice and evaluate a correlation of these psychiatric diseases with rhinologic symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419841317DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

[Histamine receptors in chronic inflammatory diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses].

HNO 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

HNO-Universitätsklinik Lübeck, Lübeck, Deutschland.

Background: Release of histamine from mast cells and basophils in inflammatory diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses has been demonstrated in allergic and non-allergic processes.

Methods: A selective literature search was conducted in PubMed and Medline, and publications in German-language journals were additionally analyzed.

Results: The histamine receptors H-H play a role in otorhinolaryngologic inflammatory diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-019-0649-zDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Long-Term Effectiveness of Balloon Catheter Sinuplasty in Pediatric Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 4:145561319840126. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.

The objective of our study was to assess the long-term effectiveness of balloon catheter sinuplasty in the treatment of pediatric chronic maxillary sinusitis following failed first-line medical and surgical management with adenoidectomy. Pediatric patients younger than 12 years were reviewed for having failed previous adenoidectomy and undergone a balloon catheter sinuplasty between August 2006 and March 2011 for chronic rhinosinusitis. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were recorded in patients who met inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319840126DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

[The strategy of the of surgical treatment of the cysts in the maxillary sinus].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(1):42-45

L.I. Sverzhevsky Research Clinical Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia, 117152.

Based on the results of the retrospective analysis of 12 094 medical histories available from five large otorhinolaryngological clinics of the city of Moscow the authors arrived at the conclusion that the surgical treatment of maxillary sinus patholologies including the resection of retentional cysts accounts for 4.1% of the total number of surgical interventions on the ENT organs. The endonasal and extranasal approaches were used in 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20198401142DOI Listing
January 2019

Asthma and Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Diagnosis and Medical Management.

Med Sci (Basel) 2019 Mar 27;7(4). Epub 2019 Mar 27.

College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.

Asthma is a prevalent inflammatory condition of the lower airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). Symptomatically, these patients may demonstrate wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing. This disease is a substantial burden to a growing population worldwide that currently exceeds 300 million individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medsci7040053DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Quality of Life and Impact of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Apr 1:1945892419839260. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1 Clinic of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disease in Caucasian population. Due to its pathological mechanism, chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) associated or not with nasal polyposis usually occurs in adults and affects close to one-half of all CF patients. The goal of our work was to evaluate the impact of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in the quality of life (QoL) of the CF patients and demonstrate an improvement of the functional outcomes in the patients undergoing the surgical procedure rather than in the not treated ones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419839260DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Use of delayed antibiotic prescription in primary care: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Fam Pract 2019 Mar 26;20(1):45. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Iberoamerican Cochrane Center, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: One of several strategies developed to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use in situations where the indication is not clear is delayed antibiotic prescription (DAP), defined as an antibiotic prescription issued for the patient to take only in case of feeling worse or not feeling better several days after the visit. We conducted a survey to identify DAP use in Spanish primary care settings.

Methods: We surveyed 23 healthcare centers located in 4 autonomous regions where a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on DAP was underway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-019-0934-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434640PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Advance in epithelial-mesenchymal transition in chronic rhinosinusitis].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):231-236

Deparment of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Allergy, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Nasal Diseases, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing 100005, China.

Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common disease in otorhinolaryngology, which has chronic inflammation in mucosa of nasal cavity and sinus. The mechanisms of chronic rhinosinusitis is still unknown. Recently, some studies show that tissue remodeling has important roles in chronic rhinosinusitis, and as a part of tissue remodeling, epithelial-mesenchymal transition also received high attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.015DOI Listing

[Classification of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps based on eosinophilic inflammation].

Authors:
L Pan Z Liu

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):222-226

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by chronic sinonasal mucosal inflammation. CRSwNP can be subdivided into two types based on eosinophilic inflammation: eosinophilic CRSwNP (Eos CRSwNP) and non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (Non-Eos CRSwNP). Eos CRSwNP and Non-Eos CRSwNP demonstrate distinct clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and cellular and immunopathologic characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.013DOI Listing

[Study on the relationship between 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and glucocorticoid response in nasal polyps].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):198-202

Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510800, China.

To investigate the expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD) in polyps of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and its correlation with glucocorticoid sensitivity. The prospective study method was applied. Forty-three adult CRSwNP patients from Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between April 2016 and June 2017 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

[The value of sinus computed tomography in predicting the response to oral glucocorticoids in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):192-197

Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To study the value of olfactory cleft scores through computed tomography (CT) in predicting the oral glucocorticoids (GC) sensitivity in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Fourty-seven consecutive patients with CRSwNP from the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January and March of 2018 were recruited in this prospective, single-blinded study. There were 28 males and 19 females, with age ranging from 17 to 66 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

[Clinical analysis of 17 cases of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis combined with chronic rhinosinusitis].

Authors:
Q M Feng H Wang Z Liu

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):181-186

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

To analyse the clinical characteristics of patients of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) combined with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and its diagnostic strategy. A retrospective analysis of 228 patients with AAV treated in Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from August 2008 to June 2018 was performed. Among them, 17 (7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

[Expression of immunological and inflammatory biomarkers in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and its predictive value for recurrence].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;54(3):174-180

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Allergy, Beijing TongRen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Nasal Diseases, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing 100005, China.

To evaluate the expression of immunological and inflammatory biomarkers as well as to analyze their predictive value for recurrence of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Seventy-seven CRSwNP patients were enrolled in this survey from January 2011 to December 2012 in Beijing Tongren Hospital. There were 13 males and 64 females, with the range of age from 14 to 74 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Zoonotic Staphylococcus pseudintermedius sinonasal infections: risk factors and resistance patterns.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine of the University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a Gram-positive bacteria that colonizes the skin and orifices of healthy canines and felines. It has recently been identified as a cause of sinonasal infections in humans.

Methods: This study was a retrospective review of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients with S pseudintermedius-positive sinonasal cultures and comparison to a prospectively collected control sample of patients who underwent culture for acute exacerbation of CRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22329DOI Listing

Role of Concha Bullosa in Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 24;71(1):128-131. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Jaipur, India.

Concha bullosa is one of the most common anatomical variant found in the patients of chronic rhinosinusitis. To study the role of concha bullosa in patients of chronic rhinosinusitis a prospective cross sectional study was done comprising of 60 patients who were having symptoms of sinusitis for more than 12 weeks. These were evaluated with the help of nasal endoscope and CT scan. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12070-018-1497-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1497-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401031PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

No Differences in Nasal Tissue Inflammatory Cells and Adhesion Molecules (iCAM-1 and vCAM-1) Based on the Comparison of EGPA With Eosinophilic Chronic Sinusitis With Polyposis.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Mar 25:1945892419836819. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

1 Otolaryngology Section, Department of Neuroscience-DNS, Padova University, Padova, Italy.

Background: An example of aggressive eosinophilic polyposis can be found in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (iCAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (vCAM-1) play a part in mediating the recruitment and adhesion of leukocytes to the vessel wall, and their blood-to-tissue migration under inflammatory conditions.

Objective: This prospective study compared 3 groups-patients with a definite diagnosis EGPA, non-EGPA patients with phenotypic features suggestive of EGPA, and patients with non-eosinophilic nasal polyposis (controls)-in terms of nasal tissue histology, iCAM-1 and vCAM-1 expression, and blood inflammatory cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419836819DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Measuring the health utility of chronic eustachian tube dysfunction.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Objective: To assess the health utility of chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD).

Methods: This is a prospective study of 53 patients with chronic ETD recruited from a tertiary clinic from April 2017 to July 2018. The 7-Item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) was administered, and health utility was evaluated using the EuroQol-5 Dimensions-3 Level Instrument (EQ-5D-3L), the visual analogue scale (VAS), time tradeoff (TTO), and standard gamble (SG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27934DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Sarcoidosis of the paranasal sinuses.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Munich University (LMU), Munich, Germany.

Background: Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease, which predominantly affects the lung. Since sinonasal sarcoidosis is rare, little is known about the sarcoidosis manifestation at this site. Therefore, the aim of our study was to detect the prevalence of sinonasal sarcoidosis, its clinical occurrence, diagnosis, and therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05388-7DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

A Comprehensive Systematic Review of the Association Between Airway Mucins and Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Mar 20:1945892419837042. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona.

Objective: Airway mucins are the major constituents of mucus and one of the first lines of host defense against inhaled pathogens. However, aberrant expression of mucins is associated with mucus hypersecretion resulting in chronic nasal drainage, a common complaint from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Our goal in this systematic review was to determine (1) expression profiles, (2) regulatory mechanisms, and (3) the pathologic roles of mucins associated with CRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419837042DOI Listing

Turkish validation of the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Dokuz Eylul University Medical School, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 is a widely used health-related quality of life questionnaire. This study aimed to conduct a translation and validation study of the SNOT-22 in the Turkish language.

Design: We achieved a convenient translation and cultural adaptation process to translate the original SNOT-22 into the Turkish language (observational prospective cohort study). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13332DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nine Cases of Methanogenic Archaea in Refractory Sinusitis, an Emerging Clinical Entity.

Front Public Health 2019 4;7:38. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Aix Marseille University, IRD, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

The authors report the cases of 9 patients eventually diagnosed with methanogenic archaea refractory or recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis, a condition known to involve various anaerobic bacteria but in which the role of methanogenic archaea is unknown. The authors retrospectively searched these microorganisms by PCR in surgically-collected sinusal pus specimens from patients diagnosed with refractory sinusitis, defined by the persistance of sinus inflammation and related-symptoms for more than 12 weeks despite appropriate treatment. Of the 116 tested sinus surgical specimens, 12 (10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409293PMC

Epigenome-wide association study reveals methylation pathways associated with childhood allergic sensitization.

Epigenetics 2019 Mar 15:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

a Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine , Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.

Epigenetic mechanisms integrate both genetic variability and environmental exposures. However, comprehensive epigenome-wide analysis has not been performed across major childhood allergic phenotypes. We examined the association of epigenome-wide DNA methylation in mid-childhood peripheral blood (Illumina HumanMethyl450K) with mid-childhood atopic sensitization, environmental/inhalant and food allergen sensitization in 739 children in two birth cohorts (Project Viva-Boston, and the Generation R Study-Rotterdam). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15592294.2019.1590085DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Quantitative analysis of in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis under continuous ultrasound treatment.

Iran J Microbiol 2018 Dec;10(6):354-360

Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Bacterial pathogens, in particular drug resistant strains, involved in chronic rhinosinusitis may result in treatment failure. Ultrasound waves are able to destroy bacterial population in sinus cavities and can recover patients.

Materials And Methods: Twelve patients with chronic sinusitis and 10 healthy controls were treated by continuous ultrasound waves. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414742PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Patients with Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2019 Mar 11;19(4):21. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 Le Conte Ave., CHS 62-132, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1624, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is correlated with the development of persistent severe inflammatory disease of the upper airway including chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). The presence of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11882-019-0853-7DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Conversion to Chronic Invasive Fungal Sinusitis From Allergic Fungal Sinusitis in Immunocompetence.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia.

A review of the treatment of allergic and invasive fungal sinusitis, as well as a presentation of the first recorded case of a conversion from allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) to chronic granulomatous invasive sinusitis and the fourth case of invasive fungal sinusitis associated with Curvularia. This immunocompetent patient suffering from chronic AFS converted after repeated high-dose steroid tapers and noncompliance. AFS may present atypically and should be suspected even in immunocompetent patients with sinus disease who report new onset pain and neurologic symptoms. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27884
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27884DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Computed Tomography Findings in Patients with Samter's Triad: An Observational Study.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 26;14:241-246. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jeju National University School of Medicine, 102 Jejudaehakno, Jeju 63243, Jeju, South Korea.

Samter's Triad is a disorder characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (NPs), asthma, and intolerance to cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors. However, there have been no studies investigating the prediction of Samter's Triad using imaging findings. Therefore, the authors aimed to investigate whether there is a difference in computed tomography (CT) findings between patients who have CRS with NPs and those with Samter's Triad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401393PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Budget Impact of a Steroid-Eluting Sinus Implant Versus Sinus Surgery for Adult Chronic Sinusitis Patients with Nasal Polyps.

J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2019 Mar 7:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

3 Otolaryngology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Background: A corticosteroid-eluting sinus implant was recently approved by the FDA as a drug to treat adult patients with nasal polyps who have undergone previous endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) of the ethmoid sinuses. ESS is performed in an operating room under general anesthesia, whereby diseased tissue and bone are removed to provide improved drainage. ESS typically involves dissection of 1 or more of the 4 paired sinus cavities (maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid, or frontal). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18553/jmcp.2019.18285DOI Listing

Missed paranasal sinus compartments in sinus surgery with and without image-guidance systems: a pilot feasibility study.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2019 May 6;14(5):895-902. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: Image-guidance systems (IGS) have gained widespread use in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and have been thoroughly analysed. In this study, we looked for a new parameter to determine if patients could directly benefit from the use of IGS during primary ESS. We questioned if IGS could improve the quality of ESS in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients via allowing a more comprehensive treatment of all involved sinus compartments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11548-019-01930-4DOI Listing

Asymptomatic radiographic sinonasal inflammation does not affect pituitary surgery outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Objective: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a proposed risk factor for meningitis and other intracranial complications following the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (TSA). Some have recommended staging TSA following surgery for CRS; however, delaying TSA has important ramifications. The objective of this study is to determine whether asymptomatic sinonasal inflammation (RSNI) on preoperative computed tomography scans, without clinical CRS, is associated with postoperative complications following TSA. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27893
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27893DOI Listing
March 2019
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The relationship between allergy and chronic rhinosinusitis.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 20;4(1):13-17. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta Georgia U.S.A.

Objective: To summarize the current evidence regarding a relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and allergy.

Methods: Literature review.

Results: Despite frequent assumption of an association between CRS and allergy the relationship between these entities remains poorly defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lio2.236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383312PMC
February 2019
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The Role of the Adenoids in Pediatric Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Med Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 25;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Otolaryngology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA.

There are several mechanisms by which the adenoids contribute to pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS), particularly with children aged 12 years and younger. Understanding the role that the adenoids play in PCRS is crucial when attempting to treat these patients. A literature review was performed to address this problem and provide information surrounding this topic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medsci7020035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410137PMC
February 2019
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Readmissions following ambulatory pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives/hypothesis: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is indicated in select pediatric patients with medically refractory sinus disease. Our objectives were to examine indications and rates of readmission following ambulatory pediatric ESS and identify specific subgroups that may benefit from inpatient admission.

Study Design: Retrospective database review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27898DOI Listing
March 2019
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Duration of antibiotic treatment for common infections in English primary care: cross sectional analysis and comparison with guidelines.

BMJ 2019 02 27;364:l440. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Modelling and Economics Unit, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London NW9 5EQ, UK.

Objective: To evaluate the duration of prescriptions for antibiotic treatment for common infections in English primary care and to compare this with guideline recommendations.

Design: Cross sectional study.

Setting: General practices contributing to The Health Improvement Network database, 2013-15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391655PMC
February 2019
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The impact of medical therapy on cognitive dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Division of Rhinology and Sinus Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Background: Cognitive dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is often overlooked despite potentially broad implications. Earlier work has demonstrated decreased cognitive function in CRS patients at baseline. In this study we sought to prospectively evaluate the impact of initial, appropriate medical therapy on subjective and objective cognitive function, fatigue, and workplace productivity. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/alr.22323
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22323DOI Listing
February 2019
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Tissue and Exosomal Serine Protease Inhibitors Are Significantly Overexpressed in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Feb 27:1945892419831108. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

2 Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: The fibrinolysis pathway has been previously implicated in the etiopathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP).

Objective: The purpose of this study was (1) to explore protein derangements of selected protease inhibitors of the serpin superfamily in CRSwNP and (2) to correlate the protease inhibitor derangements of the fibrinolysis pathway in tissue with exosomal samples to evaluate the potential of an exosomal noninvasive "liquid biopsy" for CRSwNP.

Methods: Institutional review board approved study in which matched tissue and mucus exosomal proteins (SerpinB2, SerpinF2, SerpinG1, and SerpinE1) were compared between control and CRSwNP patients using Western Blot analysis (n = 6/group) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419831108DOI Listing
February 2019

[Olfaction and sinonasal symptoms in CRSwNP patients with or without atopy].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;33(2):114-117

Department of Otolaryngology, Affiliated Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China.

Olfactory impairment is commonly observed in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(CRSwNP) and has a significant impact on quality of life. However, the risk factors for olfactory impairment have not been fully understood, and whether atopy is predisposed to olfactory impairment in CRSwNP patients remains unclear. The present study aims to unveil differences in olfaction and sinonasal symptoms between CRSwNP with and without atopy by means of a hospital-based, cross-sectional survey. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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Proceedings of the 3rd BEAT-PCD Conference and 4th PCD Training School.

BMC Proc 2018 18;12(Suppl 16):64. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Danish PCD & Child Centre, CF Centre Copenhagen, Paediatric Pulmonary Service, ERN Accredited, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a chronic suppurative airways disease that is usually recessively inherited and has marked clinical phenotypic heterogeneity. Classic symptoms include neonatal respiratory distress, chronic rhinitis since early childhood, chronic otitis media, recurrent airway infections leading to bronchiectasis, chronic sinusitis, laterality defects with and without congenital heart disease including abnormal situs in approximately 50% of the cases, and male infertility. Lung function deteriorates progressively from childhood throughout life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12919-018-0161-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297936PMC
December 2018
1 Read