4,416 results match your criteria Sinusitis Acute


Use of ventriculostomy in the treatment of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST).

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 23;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Neurosurgery, Ascension Providence Hospital, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

We present a novel treatment with the use of intraventricular antibiotics delivered through a ventriculostomy in a patient who developed septic cavernous sinus thrombosis after sinus surgery. A 65-year-old woman presented with acute on chronic sinusitis. The patient underwent a diagnostic left maxillary antrostomy, ethmoidectomy, sphenoidotomy and sinusotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228929DOI Listing

Spontaneous Orbital Hematoma in a 2-day Old Neonate: A Case Report.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Mar;29(2):291-294

Jimma University, Department of Ophthalmology, Ethiopia.

Background: Intra-orbital hematoma is an eye disease that is usually attributed to trauma, neoplasm, acute sinusitis or vascular malformations. However, spontaneous hematoma is a rare condition and can be an early manifestation of hematological disorders.

Case Report: This is a case report on a 2-days old male neonate presented with proptosis of the right eye since the second day of birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i2.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460449PMC

Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Unravelling the Disease Spectrum.

Authors:
Virendra Singh

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 28;18(2):164-179. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, PGIDS, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana 124001 India.

Fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS), once considered a rare disease, has seen a steep rise in incidence in recent times. This global rise in the burden of fungal disease is a consequence of an increment in the population with weakened immune systems. Increased life expectancy with rise in conditions like diabetes mellitus, medical advancements with invasive interventions, use of immunosuppressive drugs and chemo-radiotherapy all lead to unique risk situations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441414PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

Antibiotic prescription among outpatients in a prefecture of Japan, 2012-2013: a retrospective claims database study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 3;9(4):e026251. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University Hospital, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, Japan.

Objectives: To investigate oral antibiotic prescribing patterns and identify factors associated with antibiotic prescriptions, with the aim of guiding future interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Database of public health insurance claims in Kumamoto prefecture (Japan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026251DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Use of delayed antibiotic prescription in primary care: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Fam Pract 2019 Mar 26;20(1):45. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Iberoamerican Cochrane Center, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: One of several strategies developed to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use in situations where the indication is not clear is delayed antibiotic prescription (DAP), defined as an antibiotic prescription issued for the patient to take only in case of feeling worse or not feeling better several days after the visit. We conducted a survey to identify DAP use in Spanish primary care settings.

Methods: We surveyed 23 healthcare centers located in 4 autonomous regions where a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on DAP was underway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-019-0934-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434640PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Zoonotic Staphylococcus pseudintermedius sinonasal infections: risk factors and resistance patterns.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine of the University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a Gram-positive bacteria that colonizes the skin and orifices of healthy canines and felines. It has recently been identified as a cause of sinonasal infections in humans.

Methods: This study was a retrospective review of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients with S pseudintermedius-positive sinonasal cultures and comparison to a prospectively collected control sample of patients who underwent culture for acute exacerbation of CRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22329DOI Listing

Role of Concha Bullosa in Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 24;71(1):128-131. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Jaipur, India.

Concha bullosa is one of the most common anatomical variant found in the patients of chronic rhinosinusitis. To study the role of concha bullosa in patients of chronic rhinosinusitis a prospective cross sectional study was done comprising of 60 patients who were having symptoms of sinusitis for more than 12 weeks. These were evaluated with the help of nasal endoscope and CT scan. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12070-018-1497-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1497-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401031PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Sarcoidosis of the paranasal sinuses.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Munich University (LMU), Munich, Germany.

Background: Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease, which predominantly affects the lung. Since sinonasal sarcoidosis is rare, little is known about the sarcoidosis manifestation at this site. Therefore, the aim of our study was to detect the prevalence of sinonasal sarcoidosis, its clinical occurrence, diagnosis, and therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05388-7DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Pediatric intraorbital abscess: Early recognition and management.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Mar 11;7(3):593-594. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Craigavon Area Hospital (Southern Health and Social Care Trust) Portadown UK.

Orbital involvement occurs in 85% of complicated acute sinusitis and is more prevalent in children. Prompt differentiation between the more common periorbital (preseptal) cellulitis and infections, posterior to the orbital septum (including orbital cellulitis/abscess), is essential due to the latter's risk of irreversible optic neuropathy, intracranial spread and death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406159PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Serious complications due to acute rhinosinusitis in children up to five years old in Stockholm, Sweden - Still a challenge in the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 25;121:50-54. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska vägen, 171 76, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Division of Ear, Nose- and Throat Diseases, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the rate of admissions, the rate of serious complications (postseptal orbital complications and surgery) and the bacterial etiology of acute rhinosinusitis in hospitalized children under five years old in Stockholm County, eight years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). The secondary aim was to compare this period with the period four years prior to the vaccine's introduction.

Methods: This was a population-based, descriptive observational study with retrospectively collected data from 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2016 in Stockholm County. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.034DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Accuracy of Signs and Symptoms for the Diagnosis of Acute Rhinosinusitis and Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis.

Ann Fam Med 2019 Mar;17(2):164-172

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of signs and symptoms for the diagnosis of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS).

Methods: We searched Medline to identify studies of outpatients with clinically suspected ARS and sufficient data reported to calculate the sensitivity and specificity. Of 1,649 studies initially identified, 17 met our inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1370/afm.2354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411403PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Recurrent periorbital cellulitis associated with rhinosinusitis in children: Characteristics, course of disease, and management paradigm.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 25;121:26-28. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Rabin Medical Center and Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Recurrent periorbital cellulitis (RPOC) associated with rhinosinusitis is rarely noted and scarcely discussed in the literature. The aim of our study was to analyze the characteristics and disease course of a group of pediatric patients with RPOC.

Methods: The medical records of all pediatric patients with a diagnosis of RPOC treated in a tertiary children's hospital were retrieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.037DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Acute ethmoid sinusitis complicated by a retrobulbar abscess in a 13-year-old child].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2019 Mar 8;42(3):e111-e113. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, CHU Gabriel-Montpied, 58, rue Montalembert, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand cedex 1, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2018.07.008DOI Listing

Treatment of a Woman With for Acute Sinusitis: A Case Report.

J Chiropr Med 2018 Dec 20;17(4):268-274. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

National University of Health Sciences, St. Petersburg, FL.

Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the treatment of a patient with acute sinusitis using .

Clinical Features: A 26-year-old woman presented with acute sinusitis of 10-day duration Her symptoms included facial pressure and soreness around the frontal and maxillary sinuses, a headache, pharyngitis, a fever, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion with postnasal drip, a productive cough, myalgias, and fatigue

Intervention And Outcome: After administration of 12 to 15 drops of a 2 000-mg tincture of twice a day, improvements were noted Resolution of her symptoms occurred after 3 days of treatment.

Conclusion: For the treatment of acute sinusitis, may be a natural therapeutic remedy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcm.2018.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391234PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Bronchodilators, Antibiotics, and Oral Corticosteroids Use in Primary Care for Children With Cough.

Glob Pediatr Health 2019 25;6:2333794X19831296. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Real-world management decisions for acute cough in children in primary care practice are not well understood. This study is an analysis of 560 encounters for children with cough, 19 days to 18 years of age, seen in a predominantly suburban academic pediatric practice, over 1 year. Past history, cough duration, and cough characteristics significantly affected treatment decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333794X19831296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390215PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Duration of antibiotic treatment for common infections in English primary care: cross sectional analysis and comparison with guidelines.

BMJ 2019 02 27;364:l440. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Modelling and Economics Unit, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London NW9 5EQ, UK.

Objective: To evaluate the duration of prescriptions for antibiotic treatment for common infections in English primary care and to compare this with guideline recommendations.

Design: Cross sectional study.

Setting: General practices contributing to The Health Improvement Network database, 2013-15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391655PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

[A case report of epidural abscess caused by acute frontal sinusitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;33(2):181-182

Epidural epidural abscess is usually secondary to acute frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. Nose-derived intracranial connplications are less common than otogenic ones, and infections caused by nasal and sinus trauma, foreign bodies and surgery are more common than those caused by inflammation alone. The frontal lobe abscess caused by frontal sinusitis is more common in brain abscess with nasal intracranial complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Results of endoscopic nasal surgery in the treatment of invasive fungal sinusitis in children with cancer and immunosuppression.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Departamento de Otorrinolaringología, Centro Clínico de Cabeza y Cuello, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala.

Background And Objective: to describe the results of the treatment of invasive fungal sinusitis with nasal endoscopic surgery in an immunocompromised paediatric oncological population.

Methods: retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with invasive fungal sinusitis operated in the National Paediatric Oncology Unit between 2012 and 2016. Data taken from their medical history included: epidemiological characteristics, oncological diagnosis, haematological data, symptoms, tomographic studies, surgical interventions, results of pathology and cultures, medications received, complications, evolution and survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2018.09.001DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Recurrent myocardial infarction in a 50-year-old woman.

Heart 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

University Hospital Hairmyres, East Kilbridge, UK.

CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 50-year-old woman presented with an inferoposterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Angiography revealed acute occlusion of the circumflex and right coronary (RCA) arteries. PCI was uncomplicated. Read More

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http://heart.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/heartjnl-2018-314114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2018-314114DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Acute sinusitis complicated with Pott puffy tumour.

CMAJ 2019 Feb;191(6):E165

Department of Otolaryngology (Koltsidopoulos), General Hospital of Volos, Volos, Greece; Departments of Ophthalmology (Papageorgiou) and Otolaryngology (Skoulakis), University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.181025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370534PMC
February 2019

Maxillary fungus balls due to Fusarium proliferatum.

J Mycol Med 2019 Apr 6;29(1):59-61. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

SSA, IRD, IHU - Méditerranée Infection, VITROME, Aix-Marseille Université, AP-HM, 13005 Marseille, France.

Fungus ball is the most common form of non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Aspergillusfumigatus (between 44.8% and 75%) and Aspergillusflavus (14%) are the two most common species recovered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mycmed.2019.01.008DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Cavernous sinus thrombosis due to ipsilateral sphenoid sinusitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

1st Department of Medicine, Laikon Hospital, Athens, Greece.

We report a case of septic thrombosis of the right cavernous sinus in a diabetic woman in her late 70's due to ipsilateral sphenoid sinusitis. The diagnosis was delayed and made only after the abrupt and dramatic appearance of the manifestations of sinus thrombosis. The patient developed, among the other symptoms, right peripheral facial palsy, which is a very rare manifestation in cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227302DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

A rare case of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis as a complication of sphenoid sinusitis.

Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan-Mar;31(1):63-65

Department of Pediatrics, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan.

Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a rare disorder and may present with severe complications due to its proximity to the orbital and intracranial areas. We report a 13-year-old boy hospitalized for septic shock with fever of unknown origin. Facial palsy was later noted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_1_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334571PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Current healthcare pathways in the treatment of rhinosinusitis in Germany.

Acta Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 27;138(12):1086-1091. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

d Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery , Solingen Municipal Hospital , Solingen , Germany.

Background: In the outpatient setting in Germany, patients with rhinosinusitis usually present at general practices (GP) or ear, nose, and throat practices (ENT) for initial diagnosis and treatment.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the referral patterns of rhinosinusitis patients in GPs and ENT practices in Germany, with respect to existing recommendations.

Material And Methods: The study sample included patients from 940 GP and 106 ENT practices from Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA) who received an acute sinusitis (AS) or chronic sinusitis (CS), or nasal polyp (NP) in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1506153DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Predicting bacteria causing acute bacterial rhinosinusitis by clinical features.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Bangkok, Thailand; King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Endoscopic Nasal and Sinus Surgery Excellence Center, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Introduction: Clinicians rely on clinical presentations to select therapeutic agents for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are common in acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae require different antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Use of Dipstick Assay and Rapid PCR-DNA Analysis of Nasal Secretions for Diagnosis of Bacterial Sinusitis in Children With Chronic Cough.

Allergy Rhinol (Providence) 2019 Jan-Dec;10:2152656718821281. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California.

Background: Chronic cough in children is a diagnostic challenge.

Objective: To discover the utility of nasal dipsticks and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-DNA analysis in differentiating bacterial sinusitis from other causes of chronic cough and identifying pathogens from the nasal cavity.

Method: We recruited 22 patients under 15 years of age with cough lasting longer than 4 weeks (group 1), 7 controls with allergic rhinitis (group 2), and 10 controls without respiratory symptoms (group 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2152656718821281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327234PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Clinical and Virological Characteristics of Acute Sinusitis in Children.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Pediatrics University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Madison, WI USA.

Background: Acute bacterial sinusitis is a frequent complication of viral upper respiratory infection (URI). We describe clinical and virologic features of URIs that remain uncomplicated and those that precede an episode of sinusitis. We hypothesize that certain viruses are more likely to lead to acute sinusitis and compare viruses identified at time of diagnosis of sinusitis with those identified early in the URI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz023DOI Listing
January 2019

Antibiotic therapy for an ENT specialist.

Authors:
Piotr Albrecht

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Sep;72(6):1-9

Klinika Gastroenterologii i Żywienia Dzieci, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska.

The study dedicated mainly to general practitioners of ENTs discusses the principles of antibiotic therapy of the most common diseases that this specialty deals with, namely acute tonsillitis and throat inflammation, acute otitis media (AOM), and acute sinusitis. The most common errors in the antibiotic therapy of these diseases are also presented. The basic antibiotic in streptococcal pharyngitis is and remains oral penicillin administered for 10 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.4704DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections During Influenza Seasons.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Jun 1;1(2):e180243. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Importance: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the syndrome for which antibiotics are most commonly prescribed; viruses for which antibiotics are ineffective cause most ARIs.

Objectives: To characterize antibiotic prescribing among outpatients with ARI during influenza season and to identify targets for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for common ARI diagnoses, including among outpatients with laboratory-confirmed influenza.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Cohort study enrolling outpatients aged 6 months or older with ARI evaluated at outpatient clinics associated with 5 US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network sites during the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 influenza seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324415PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Rhinogenic headache in pediatric and adolescent patients: an evidence-based review.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ.

Background: Although some causes of rhinogenic headache, such as acute sinusitis, have clear diagnostic criteria, others, such as "sinus headache" and mucosal contact points, are more nebulous. Misdiagnosis of these entities and primary headaches may result in unnecessary medical or surgical treatment. The purpose of this systematic review is to delineate current understanding of diagnosis and treatment of rhinogenic headaches, including sinus and mucosal contact point headaches, in children. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/alr.22268
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22268DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Antibiotic Recommendations for Acute Otitis Media and Acute Bacterial Sinusitis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 Feb;38(2):217

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, Department of Pediatrics, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, CO Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002085DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Daily outpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy for the management of paediatric periorbital cellulitis, a retrospective case series.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate whether outpatient treatment of periorbital cellulitis with daily administration of intravenous antibiotics and physician evaluation is an effective and safe alternative to admission.

Design: A retrospective chart review study of paediatric patients treated on an outpatient basis for periorbital cellulitis at a tertiary children's hospital between 2013 and 2015 was performed. Children were assessed day by a paediatrician to monitor for resolution of symptoms or complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13284DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Antibiotic Prescribing for Children in United States Emergency Departments: 2009-2014.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 8;143(2). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

: media-1vid110.1542/5972296744001PEDS-VA_2018-1056 OBJECTIVES: To characterize and compare ambulatory antibiotic prescribing for children in US pediatric and nonpediatric emergency departments (EDs).

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study of patients aged 0 to 17 years discharged from EDs in the United States was conducted by using the 2009-2014 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey ED data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1056DOI Listing
February 2019
42 Reads

Preoperative quality-of-life measures predict acute postoperative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery.

Laryngoscope 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.

Objectives: Recent increases in opioid-related mortality have prompted a critical evaluation of postoperative pain management across all specialties. However, successfully limiting narcotic overprescription requires perioperative identification of patients who are at risk for high postoperative pain. Unfortunately, quality data to guide practice patterns are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27763DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Logistic Regression Analysis of the Risk Factors for Multidrug-resistant Bacterial Infections in Chronic Rhinosinusitis].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2018 Dec;40(6):803-808

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University,Tuyun,Guizhou 558000,China.

Objective To analyze the risk factors of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.Methods The clinical data of 221 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who were treated in our center from January 2010 to January 2017 were collected retrospectively. Specimens were collected for bacterial culture and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10228DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Updates in management of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis.

Authors:
John R Craig

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Feb;27(1):29-36

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Grand Blvd, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) is a rare and often fatal disease, that remains incompletely understood. Case series and literature reviews constitute most of the literature on AIFRS, and act as the standards by which we treat these extremely complex patients. This review discusses management of AIFRS, with focuses on optimal diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000507DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Inpatient Mortality After Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Invasive Fungal Rhinosinusitis.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Apr 25;128(4):300-308. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

2 Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objectives:: Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a rare, life-threatening condition that affects the paranasal sinuses. The standard of care after diagnosis includes surgical debridement and aggressive medical management. Despite treatment, mortality remains unacceptably high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418820871DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Case report of Actinomyces turicensis meningitis as a complication of purulent mastoiditis.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 20;18(1):686. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Semmelweis University, Institute of Medical Microbiology, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: Central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by Actinomyces spp. including brain abscess, actinomycoma, subdural empyema and epidural abscess are well described, however reports of Actinomyces-associated meningitis are scarcely reported.

Case Report: We present the case of a 43-year-old Hungarian male patient with poor socioeconomic status who developed acute bacterial meningitis caused by Actinomyces turicensis originating from the left side mastoiditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3610-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302302PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Pott's puffy tumor in children: A review of the literature.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

Objectives: Pott's puffy tumor (PTT) is a frontal subperiosteal abscess associated with underlying frontal osteomyelitis. The purpose of the present study was to assess the rate of intracranial involvement in pediatric and adolescent patients with PPT and to discuss the diagnostic workup and the therapeutic features of this pathology.

Methods: We searched Web of Science, PubMed and MEDLINE from 1998 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27757DOI Listing
December 2018

Fungal infections of the central nervous system and paranasal sinuses in onco-haematologic patients. Epidemiological study reporting the diagnostic-therapeutic approach and outcome in 89 cases.

Mycoses 2019 Mar 22;62(3):252-260. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Istituto di Ematologia, Polo Onco-Ematologico Fondazione Policlinico A. Gemelli-IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy.

Invasive fungal infections (IFI) of the Central Nervous System (IFI-CNS) and Paranasal Sinuses (IFI-PS) are rare, life-threatening infections in haematologic patients, and their management remains a challenge despite the availability of new diagnostic techniques and novel antifungal agents. In addition, analyses of large cohorts of patients focusing on these rare IFI are still lacking. Between January 2010 and December 2016, 89 consecutive cases of Proven (53) or Probable (36) IFI-CNS (71/89) and IFI-PS (18/89) were collected in 34 haematological centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/myc.12884DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

[Prevalence of allergy in children with acute rhinosinusitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1377-1382

Department of Otolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University,Wenzhou, 325000, China.

To explore the prevalence of allergy in patients with acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) and evaluate the severity of symptoms in ARS children with or without allergy.Two hundred and seven children (4-12 years of age) with ARS and 85 children of control group were included in our research from June, 2016 to January, 2018. We use questionaire to collect the basic information of pediatric patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.18.004DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

The proportion, conditions, and predictors of emergency department visits that can be potentially managed by pharmacists with expanded scope of practice.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, 10 Victoria St S A, Kitchener, N2G 1C5, ON, Canada; Ontario Pharmacy Evidence Network (OPEN), School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, 10 Victoria St S A, Kitchener, N2G 1C5, ON, Canada.

Background: Pharmacists have been shown to be beneficial for inclusion in emergency department (ED) services; however, little has been done to assess these benefits with pharmacists having even wider scopes of practice, including limited prescribing authority.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the proportion of ED visits that can potentially be managed by pharmacists, the most prevalent conditions within these cases, and the factors associated with patients presenting with such cases to the ED.

Methods: This was a retrospective quantitative cohort study using administrative databases from 2010 to 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15517411183101
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
34 Reads

Development and Modification of an Outcome Measure to Follow Symptoms of Children with Sinusitis.

J Pediatr 2019 Apr 10;207:103-108.e1. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.

Objective: To develop a parent-reported Pediatric Rhinosinusitis Symptom Scale (PRSS) that could be used to monitor symptoms of young children with acute sinusitis in response to therapy.

Study Design: We developed an 8-item symptom severity scale and evaluated its internal reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness in children 2-12 years of age with acute sinusitis. Parents of 258 children with acute sinusitis completed the PRSS at the time of diagnosis, as a diary at home, and at the follow-up visit at days 10-12. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223476183160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.11.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440829PMC
April 2019
14 Reads

[Respiratory manifestations in primary immunodeficiencies].

Authors:
Zoltán Nyul

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(49):2043-2049

Klinikai Központ, Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Pécs, József Attila u. 7., 7623.

The respiratory infections are the most common presentations and leading cause of morbidity and mortality in primary immunodeficiencies. The pathogen or spectrum of pathogens may be characteristic for the underlying primary immunodeficiency, and that knowledge plays an important role in the empirical treatment or prevention of the infections, or, conversely, the identification of an unusual pathogen may raise the suspicion on an immunodeficiency. Apart from the acute respiratory infections, chronic lung diseases are also common complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2018.31268DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Antibiotic prescriptions to adults with acute respiratory tract infections by Italian general practitioners.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 8;11:2199-2205. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Catanzaro "Magna Græcia", Catanzaro, Italy,

Purpose: The overuse, misuse, and underuse of antimicrobial agents often lead to the spread of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. The aim of our study was to describe the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs) among the adult population and the factors associated with antibiotic prescribing.

Patients And Methods: The study involved patients who visited a general practitioner with suspected acute RTI. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/antibiotic-prescriptions-to-adults
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S170349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233949PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Current indications for balloon sinuplasty.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Feb;27(1):7-13

Rhinology & Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery, UCLA Department of Head & Neck Surgery, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of the review is to evaluate the current indications and contraindications for balloon sinuplasty and review the clinical trials performed in this area.

Recent Findings: The indications for balloon sinus dilatation are somewhat similar to those for endoscopic sinus surgery. Balloon sinus ostial dilation (BSD) has been found to be most effective in the treatment of recurrent acute sinusitis (RARS) and chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP) that has been refractory to medical therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000506DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Nasal septal abscess: a 10-year retrospective study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 30;276(2):417-420. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325, Cheng-Kung Road Section 2, Taipei 114, Taiwan, ROC.

Objective: Nasal septal abscess is an uncommon condition but it can cause potentially life-threatening intracranial complications and cosmetic nasal deformity.

Methods: We analyzed ten years of cases to determine the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. A retrospective review of case notes from Tri-Service General Hospital archives was performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-018-5212-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5212-0DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Brain MRI and cognitive function seven years after surviving an episode of severe acute malnutrition in a cohort of Malawian children.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme,Blantyre,Malawi.

Objective: To assess differences in cognition functions and gross brain structure in children seven years after an episode of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), compared with other Malawian children.

Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort assessing school grade achieved and results of five computer-based (CANTAB) tests, covering three cognitive domains. A subset underwent brain MRI scans which were reviewed using a standardized checklist of gross abnormalities and compared with a reference population of Malawian children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003282DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411134PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Septicemia, Meningitis and Bilateral Subdural Empyema in an Infant Caused by Staphylococcus aureus.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):898-903

Dr Shameem Ahmed, Senior Consultant Neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, Apollo Hospitals (Unit: International Hospital), Guwahati , India.

Staphylococcus aureus is a global bacterial pathogen. It is an uncommon pathogen causing central nervous system infections, accounting for <1% cases of bacterial meningitis. Sinusitis, trauma and presence of an intracranial device have been reported as risk factors for developing meningitis and brain abscesses. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Isolation of multidrug-resistant Haemophilus influenzae harbouring multiple exogenous genes from a patient diagnosed with acute sinusitis.

J Infect Chemother 2019 May 25;25(5):385-387. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Microbiology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Japan. Electronic address:

In paediatric patients, β-lactams and macrolides are widely used to treat acute otitis media and sinusitis, which are often caused by either Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae. However, resistant isolates have emerged and are becoming more prevalent. H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2018.09.015DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads