23,565 results match your criteria Simple Partial Seizures


Tonic Seizure as a Different Seizure Type Presented in Autoimmune Epilepsy Caused by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of JiLin University, Changchun, People's Republic of China.

The diagnosis of autoimmune epilepsy is often challenging, and may be misdiagnosed as epileptic disorders or viral encephalitis. Autoimmune epilepsy has a strong association with other autoimmune diseases, especially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, autoimmune epilepsy was reported to present with complex partial seizure (CPS), simple partial seizure (SPS), and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizure (sGTCS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000946DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Seizures and Epilepsy.

Authors:
Emily L Johnson

Med Clin North Am 2019 Mar 3;103(2):309-324. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address:

Epilepsy affects 65 million people worldwide, and is a leading neurologic cause of loss of quality-adjusted life years. The diagnosis of seizures and epilepsy often depends on a careful history, and is supported with electroencephalogram and imaging. First-line treatment of epilepsy includes medical management. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00257125183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2018.10.002DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Health utilities and quality of life in individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) who experience epileptic seizures: A web-based survey.

Epilepsy Behav 2019 Jan 25;92:213-220. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 0QT, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) experience a wide range of health impacts, including epileptic seizures, negatively impacting their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Health state utility values (HSUVs) are index values representing HRQoL and are used as key inputs for health economic analyses. Such data are currently very limited in the TSC population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.11.021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The utility of Jerk-locked back averaging technique in diagnosis of generalized myoclonic epilepsy with normal scalp EEG: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(3):e14185

Department of Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun, P. R. China.

Rationale: The diagnosis of myoclonic epilepsy and the classification of generalized or partial type may be challenging, especially when the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) is normal. In such situation, how to apply another electrophysiological technique to begin the diagnosis and classification? The utility of Jerk-locked back averaging technique has been described in our case.

Patient Concerns: A Chinese patient (male, 21 years old) presented with frequent unilateral or bilateral shoulder-jerking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014185DOI Listing
January 2019

Pharmacokinetic evaluation of vigabatrin dose for the treatment of refractory focal seizures in children using adult and pediatric data.

Epilepsy Res 2019 Feb 7;150:38-45. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

INSERM U1129, Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Service de Pharmacologie, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Vigabatrin is indicated as adjunctive therapy for refractory focal seizures. For children, European recommendations indicate maintenance doses varying from 30 to 100 mg/kg/day for this indication. Since cumulated dose was associated with retinal toxicity, it is essential to administrate the lowest effective dose to patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09201211183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Changes in background electroencephalographic activity in benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes after oxcarbazepine treatment: a standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) study.

BMC Neurol 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Several neuroimaging studies have reported neurophysiological alterations in patients with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BCECTS). However, reported outcomes have been inconsistent, and the progression of these changes in the brain remains unresolved. Moreover, background electroencephalography (EEG) in cases of BCECTS has not been performed often. Read More

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https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1228-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317234PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Cognitive impairment and drug responsiveness in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2019 Jan 18;90:162-167. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Bakirkoy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Neurology Department, Bakirkoy, 34147 Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is the most common form of partial epilepsies. Seizures of MTLE with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) are typically resistant to antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy. Although memory disturbances in patients with MTLE-HS are expected, verbal attention and frontal lobe functions may also be impaired. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.10.034DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Frequency and Stratification of Epileptogenic Lesions in Elderly With New Onset Seizures.

Front Neurol 2018 30;9:995. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

To evaluate prospectively the frequency of epileptogenic lesions in a consecutive cohort of elderly patients presenting with new onset unprovoked seizures, and who underwent a complete evaluation including dedicated epilepsy protocol MRI. We included all consecutive patients 60 years or older who participated in a prospective study on new onset epilepsy. The work-up included the acquisition of a dedicated epilepsy protocol MRI and a 3 h video/EEG recording. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00995DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284348PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Quantitative analysis and EEG markers of KCNT1 epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures.

Epilepsia 2019 Jan 7;60(1):20-32. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

INSERM Unit U1129 Infantile Epilepsies and Brain Plasticity, University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Objective: We aimed to characterize epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS), a rare, severe early onset developmental epilepsy related to KCNT1 mutation, and to define specific electroencephalography (EEG) markers using EEG quantitative analysis. The ultimate goal would be to improve early diagnosis and to better understand seizure onset and propagation of EIMFS as compared to other early onset developmental epilepsy.

Methods: EEG of 7 EIMFS patients with KCNT1 mutations (115 seizures) and 17 patients with other early onset epilepsies (30 seizures) was included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14605DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Substitution has better efficacy than add-on therapy for patients with focal epilepsy after their first antiepileptic drug treatments fail.

Seizure 2019 Jan 1;64:23-28. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325015, PR China. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study is to compare the efficacy of substitution with add-on therapy in patients with focal epilepsy, whose first monotherapy has failed after receiving usual treatments.

Methods: This is a prospective, long-term, non-randomized observational cohort study. Data were collected from Wenzhou Epilepsy Follow Up Registry Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.11.018DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Seizures After Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Benign Supratentorial Meningiomas: An Uncontrollable Type of Seizure?

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Republic of Korea; Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: We investigated seizure outcomes of patients with supratentorial meningiomas (ST-MNGs) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).

Methods: One hundred and thirty-three patients with a total of 144 ST-MNGs, who were treated with SRS between 2009 and 2016, were included in this study. The mean age was 59. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.211DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Simultaneous scalp EEG improves seizure lateralization during unilateral intracranial EEG evaluation in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Seizure 2019 Jan 24;64:8-15. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, United States; Neurology care line, VA Houston Medical Center, Houston, TX 77030, United States.

Purpose: To determine if simultaneous bilateral scalp EEG (scEEG) can accurately detect a contralateral seizure onset in patients with unilateral intracranial EEG (IEEG) implantation.

Methods: We evaluated 39 seizures from 9 patients with bitemporal epilepsy who underwent simultaneous scEEG and IEEG (SSIEEG). To simulate conditions of unilateral IEEG implantation with a missed contralateral seizure onset, we analyzed the IEEG recording contralateral to the seizure onset (CL- IEEG), in conjunction with simultaneous scEEG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.11.015DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Ictal piloerection is associated with high-grade glioma and autoimmune encephalitis-Results from a systematic review.

Seizure 2019 Jan 22;64:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurology, University of Pécs, H-7623, Rét u. 2., Pécs, Hungary; PTE-MTA Clinical Neuroscience MR Research Group, H-7623, Rét u. 2, Hungary. Electronic address:

Purpose: To comprehensively analyze ictal piloerection (IP) in a large number of subjects.

Methods: We performed a systematic review on case report studies of patients diagnosed with IP (1929-2017) with additional cases included from the Department of Neurology of University of Pécs, the National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, and Odense University Hospital. Each included case was characterized regarding patient history, IP seizure characteristics, diagnostic work-up, and therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.11.009DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Comprehensive Circular RNA Profiling Reveals the Regulatory Role of the CircRNA-0067835/miR-155 Pathway in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 28;51(3):1399-1409. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology Institute, Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities, Tongliao,

Background/aims: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of adult localization-related epilepsy that is accompanied by progressive etiopathology and high incidences of drug resistance. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in fine-tuning gene expression, however, the expression profile and clinical significance of circRNAs in TLE remains unknown.

Methods: Circular RNA microarray was conducted to identify TLE-related circRNAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495589DOI Listing
January 2019

Focal Electrographic Seizures in a Patient With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Speech Delay.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Dec;39(9):763-765

Boston University School of Medicine, Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA.

Case: A 6-year-old boy with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) presented to primary care for a new-patient, transfer-of-care evaluation. At the initial encounter, the patient used a maximum of 60 words and was receiving speech and language therapy (SLT) through school. Family history was positive for seizures in the father and paternal grandfather as well as ASD in an older brother. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000631DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Primary idiopathic CNS non-amyloidogenic light chain deposition disease complicated by treatment-resistant focal seizure disorder.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan 10;59:313-315. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Neurology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) is a systemic disorder characterised by the pathologic deposition of immunoglobulin light chains, which is histologically distinguished from amyloidosis by failure to stain with Congo red. Central nervous system (CNS)-restricted LCDD is among the rarest manifestations. We describe a unique case complicated by focal onset epilepsy with impaired awareness for which control with anticonvulsant therapy proved difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.123DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Machado de Assis' Original Sin.

Front Neurol Neurosci 2018 18;43:177-184. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Machado de Assis (1839-1908) suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy, probably with origin in the non-dominant hemisphere. The evidence for this is provided by the detailed reports of the characteristics of his seizures by his contemporaries and by his correspondence with other writers. He was treated with bromides and homeopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490685DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Visual field defects after radiosurgery versus temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: Findings of the ROSE trial.

Seizure 2018 Dec 31;63:62-67. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States.

Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be an alternative to anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Visual field defects (VFD) occur in 9-100% of patients following open surgery for MTLE. Postoperative VFD after minimally invasive versus open surgery may differ. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.10.017DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

HyperCKemia associated with lacosamide therapy in an elderly patient with focal onset epilepsy.

Seizure 2018 Dec 15;63:14-16. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

National Epilepsy Center, NHO Shizuoka Institute of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorders, 886 Urushiyama, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka 420-8688, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018

The prevalence of neural antibodies in temporal lobe epilepsy and the clinical characteristics of seropositive patients.

Seizure 2018 Dec 17;63:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Neurology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Motol University Hospital, Czech Republic.

Purpose: Epileptic seizures are a common manifestation of autoimmune encephalitis, but the role of neural antibodies in long-term epilepsy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of neural-surface antibodies (NSAbs) and antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) in patients with chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).

Method: Patients with an electro-clinical diagnosis of TLE and a disease duration longer than one year were included. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.09.009DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and noise on transitions in temporal lobe epilepsy in a hippocampal network.

Chaos 2018 Oct;28(10):106322

Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has recently been implicated in the modulation of receptor activation leading to dynamic state transitions in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In addition, the crucial role of neuronal noise in these transitions has been studied in electrophysiological experiments. However, the precise role of these factors during seizure generation in TLE is not known. Read More

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http://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.5036690
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5036690DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Clinical validation of automated hippocampal segmentation in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 10;20:1139-1147. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To provide a multi-atlas framework for automated hippocampus segmentation in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and clinically validate the results with respect to surgical lateralization and post-surgical outcome.

Methods: We retrospectively identified 47 TLE patients who underwent surgical resection and 12 healthy controls. T1-weighted 3 T MRI scans were acquired for all subjects, and patients were identified by a neuroradiologist with regards to lateralization and degree of hippocampal sclerosis (HS). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.09.032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205355PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Investigation of paediatric occipital epilepsy using stereo-EEG reveals a better surgical outcome than in adults, especially when the supracalcarine area is affected.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Oct;20(5):346-363

Pediatric Neurosurgery, Rothschild Foundation Hospital, Paris.

Occipital epilepsy is the least common among surgical series because: (1) the location makes it hard to asses by EEG; (2) the seizure semiology often reflects propagation; and (3) surgery entails a high risk of neurological deficits. In children, subjective symptoms are harder to assess, adding to the difficulty of a proper diagnosis. We aimed to determine electroclinical characteristics of occipital lobe epilepsy in a paediatric population by reviewing 20 children between one and 16 years, who had undergone intracranial recordings with depth electrodes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/epd.2018.1000DOI Listing
October 2018
22 Reads

Ictal SPECT reveals different epileptogenic zones in frontal lobe epilepsy.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Oct;20(5):447-450

Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

We report a patient with frontal lobe epilepsy due to a right frontal astrocytoma (WHO Grade III) in whom two ictal SPECTs (single photon emission tomography) were performed during two seizures with different semiology and different EEG seizure patterns. Subtraction of ictal and interictal SPECT showed right lateral frontal hyperperfusion during a left face clonic seizure, and right mesial fronto-polar hyperperfusion during a subclinical seizure. This report demonstrates that ictal SPECT may reflect different seizure semiology from the frontal lobe of the same individual and that simultaneous EEG is indispensable for the correct interpretation of SPECT in epilepsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/epd.2018.0991DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Stimulation-induced ictal vocalisation of left frontal lobe origin.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Oct;20(5):418-422

Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Pure ictal non-speech vocalisation occurs in frontal and temporal lobe epilepsies. Electrical stimulation of supplementary motor areas is reported to evoke vocalisation in selected patients. Here, we report a patient with focal epilepsy of the left anterior insula who had isolated monotonous vocalisation elicited by electrical stimulation of the left superior frontal gyrus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/epd.2018.0990DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Cognitive outcomes more than 5 years after temporal lobe epilepsy surgery: Remarkable functional recovery when seizures are controlled.

Seizure 2018 Nov 29;62:116-123. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

University of Bonn, Department of Epileptology, Germany.

Purpose: Epilepsy surgery can be a successful treatment option for temporal lobe epilepsy but there are concerns about accelerated memory decline in long-term follow-up.

Method: 161 adult operated (77 right, 84 left temporal resections) versus a heterogeneous group of 208 non-operated patients with focal epilepsies were consecutively recruited and re-evaluated focusing on memory, executive functions, and vocational outcome after follow-up intervals of >5 years (5-22 years, mean 8 ± 3 years).

Results: Major losses in the operated group manifest early, at one-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.09.023DOI Listing
November 2018

Gabapentin add-on treatment for drug-resistant focal epilepsy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 24;10:CD001415. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Clinical Sciences Centre for Research and Education, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK, L9 7LJ.

Background: This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review previously published in 2013.Most people with epilepsy have a good prognosis and their seizures are well controlled by a single antiepileptic drug, but up to 30% develop drug-resistant epilepsy, especially those with focal seizures. In this review, we summarised the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of gabapentin, when used as an add-on treatment for drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD001415.pub3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001415.pub3DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Carbamazepine versus phenobarbitone monotherapy for epilepsy: an individual participant data review.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 24;10:CD001904. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Block F, Waterhouse Building, 1-5 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, UK, L69 3GL.

Background: This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review previously published in 2016. This review is one in a series of Cochrane Reviews investigating pair-wise monotherapy comparisons.Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which abnormal electrical discharges from the brain cause recurrent unprovoked seizures. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD001904.pub4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001904.pub4DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Amygdala enlargement in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: an alternative imaging presentation of limbic epilepsy.

Neuroradiology 2019 Feb 23;61(2):119-127. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, 200 Hawkins Dr., Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Purpose: To assess imaging, clinical, and pathological features of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) patients with amygdala enlargement (AE) in comparison with those with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS).

Methods: Clinical, imaging, and pathologic features were retrospectively reviewed in 40 mTLE patients with postoperative follow-up (10 with AE and 30 with MTS). The volumes and signal intensity of the amygdala and hippocampus were assessed in 10 AE, 10 age- and sex-matched MTS patients, and 12 controls (HC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-018-2109-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Oxcarbazepine versus phenytoin monotherapy for epilepsy: an individual participant data review.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 23;10:CD003615. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Block F, Waterhouse Building, 1-5 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, UK, L69 3GL.

Background: This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review previously published in 2013. This review is one in a series of Cochrane Reviews investigating pair-wise monotherapy comparisons.Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which abnormal electrical discharges from the brain cause recurrent unprovoked seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003615.pub4DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Altered S100 Calcium-Binding Protein B and Matrix Metallopeptidase 9 as Biomarkers of Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy with Hippocampus Sclerosis.

J Mol Neurosci 2018 Dec 20;66(4):482-491. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Research on Children with Special Needs Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most common form of partial epilepsy. The aim of the present study is to highlight possible and suitable biomarkers that can help in the diagnosis and prognosis of this intractable form of epilepsy. The study was carried out on 30 epileptic patients of both sexes with complex partial seizures, having an age ranging from 4 to 30 years and were selected from the outpatient epilepsy clinic at the Kasr El-Aini Hospital in Cairo, Egypt. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12031-018-1164-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-018-1164-5DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads
2.343 Impact Factor

Zonisamide add-on therapy for focal epilepsy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 18;10:CD001416. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, P.le L.A. Scuro, 10, Verona, Verona, Italy, 37134.

Background: The majority of people with epilepsy have a good prognosis, and their seizures can be well controlled with the use of a single antiepileptic agent, but up to 30% develop refractory epilepsy, especially those with focal seizures. In this review, we summarised the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCT) of zonisamide, used as an add-on treatment for focal epilepsy uncontrolled by one or more concomitant antiepileptic drug. This is an updated version of the Cochrane review previously published in 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001416.pub4DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Antimyoclonic Effect of Levetiracetam and Clonazepam Combined Treatment on Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged-Red Fiber Syndrome with m.8344A>G Mutation.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Oct;131(20):2433-2438

Department of Neurology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 251102, China.

Background: Treatment of myoclonic seizures in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged-red fibers (MERRFs) has been empirical and ineffective. Guideline on this disease is not available. Additional trials must be conducted to find more suitable treatments for it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.243568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6202596PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of electroencephalographic findings with hippocampal magnetic resonance imaging volumetry in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Nov 16;32(6):2037-2044. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: In humans, temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), is a type of focal epilepsy occurring mainly in the mesial TLE (mTLE), commonly associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS).

Objectives: According to recent studies, TLE might also occur in dogs and could be associated with hippocampal atrophy (HA)/HS. To date, hippocampal lesions have not been correlated with electroencephalographic (EEG) findings in epileptic dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15323DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6271325PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Sleep Related Epilepsy and Pharmacotherapy: An Insight.

Front Pharmacol 2018 27;9:1088. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Anatomy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

In the last several decades, sleep-related epilepsy has drawn considerable attention among epileptologists and neuroscientists in the interest of new paradigms of the disease etiology, pathogenesis and management. Sleep-related epilepsy is nocturnal seizures that manifest solely during the sleep state. Sleep comprises two distinct stages i. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphar.2018.01088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.01088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171479PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter trial comparing the efficacy and safety of extended- and immediate-release levetiracetam in people with partial epilepsy.

Seizure 2018 Nov 14;62:84-90. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Section of Epilepsy, Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Purpose: The aim of this trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of two formulations of levetiracetam in people with partial epilepsy over a 12-week treatment period.

Methods: We performed a randomized, paralleled, and multicenter trial that consisted of a 4-week single-blind placebo run-in, followed by a 12-week double-blind, double-dummy treatment phase to compare the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam extended-release (LEV-ER) and immediate-release (LEV-IR) tablets as an adjunctive treatment in adult patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.

Results: The median partial-onset seizure (POS) frequency per week (min-max) was 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311173076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.09.008DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
2.060 Impact Factor

Efficacy of levetiracetam for reducing rolandic discharges in comparison with carbamazepine and valproate sodium in rolandic epilepsy.

Seizure 2018 Nov 3;62:79-83. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Graduate Faculty of Interdisciplinary Research, Graduate School, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan.

Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) with the older antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for preventing atypical evolution in children with Rolandic epilepsy (RE). Accordingly, the present study compared the efficacy of older AEDs (carbamazepine (CBZ) and valproate sodium (VPA)) with LEV in reducing rolandic discharges (RDs) on interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) in children with RE.

Methods: Patients in this heterogenous study were subdivided into CBZ, VPA and LEV groups in accordance with the initial monotherapy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
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Abnormal neurite density and orientation dispersion in unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy detected by advanced diffusion imaging.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 23;20:772-782. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Integrate Brain Imaging Center, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Despite recent advances in diffusion MRI (dMRI), there is still limited information on neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This study aimed to demonstrate neurite density and dispersion in TLE with and without hippocampal sclerosis (HS) using whole-brain voxel-wise analyses.

Material And Methods: We recruited 33 patients with unilateral TLE (16 left, 17 right), including 14 patients with HS (TLE-HS) and 19 MRI-negative F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)-positive patients (MRI-/PET+ TLE). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.09.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169249PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Intracranial Electrode Placement for Seizures Before Temporal Lobectomy: A Risk-Benefit Analysis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25;121:e215-e222. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is the most common surgical procedure for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. When scalp electroencephalography cannot adequately identify an epileptogenic site, electrode implantation may be used to monitor epileptic activity and localize a target focus before surgical resection. Whether the advantage of improved seizure localization justifies the added risk of electrode placement remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.079DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes: Correlating spike frequency and neuropsychology.

Acta Neurol Scand 2018 Dec 19;138(6):475-481. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Developmental Medicine and Social Pediatrics, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Objectives: Neuropsychological sequelae are a feature of benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) in children. A correlation between the frequency of interictal EEG discharges and the cognitive as well as behavioral profile of the patients has been suspected but not proven.

Materials And Methods: Children with BECTS that had not yet been treated were included into a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13015DOI Listing
December 2018

Use of Subtemporal Electrode Chains and Their Contribution to Presurgical Evaluation.

Neurodiagn J 2018 ;58(3):164-173

a Neurodiagnostic Laboratory Duke University Medical Center , Durham , North Carolina.

Subtemporal electrode chains are part of the international 10-10 system. Since 2012, they have been routinely used at our institution in adult patients with intractable epilepsy who are undergoing video EEG evaluation for epilepsy surgery. In 2016, this was extended to the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21646821.2018.1491173DOI Listing
November 2018
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Saikosaponin A modulates remodeling of Kv4.2-mediated A-type voltage-gated potassium currents in rat chronic temporal lobe epilepsy.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2018 11;12:2945-2958. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China,

Background: Chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (cTLE) is the most common intractable epilepsy. Recent studies have shown that saikosaponin A (SSa) could inhibit epileptiform discharges induced by 4 action potentials and selectively increase the transient inactivating K currents (). However, the mechanisms of SSa on remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S166408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141107PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Emerging drugs for focal epilepsy.

Authors:
Marco Mula

Expert Opin Emerg Drugs 2018 09 27;23(3):243-249. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

a Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education , St George's University of London , London , UK.

Introduction: Epilepsy is one of the most serious neurological conditions, affecting almost 50 million people around the world. Despite more than 20 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) available, seizures are still uncontrolled in one third of patients. Areas covered: The present paper reviews current compounds in preclinical and clinical development for the treatment of focal epilepsies and new potential molecular targets recently identified. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14728214.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14728214.2018.1527903DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Subfield-specific tractography of the hippocampus in epilepsy patients at 7 Tesla.

Seizure 2018 Nov 17;62:3-10. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Translational and Molecular Imaging Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States; Department of Radiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States.

Purpose: MRI-negative epilepsy patients could benefit from advanced imaging techniques such as high-resolution diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). Our aim was to perform hippocampal subfield-specific tractography and quantify connectivity of the subfields in MRI-negative patients. Abnormal connectivity of the hippocampal subfields may help inform seizure focus hypothesis and provide information to guide surgical intervention. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.09.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221989PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Putting it all together: Options for intractable epilepsy: An updated algorithm on the use of epilepsy surgery and neurostimulation.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Nov 18;88S:33-38. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States.

For drug-resistant epilepsy, nonpharmacologic treatments should be considered early rather than late. Of the nondrug treatments, only resective surgery can be curative. Neurostimulation is palliative, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.05.030DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Parasomnia versus epilepsy: An affair of the heart?

Neurophysiol Clin 2018 Oct 15;48(5):277-286. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

NeuroPain Team, Inserm U 1028/CNRS, UMR 5292, University of Lyon, Lyon Neuroscience Research Centre (CRNL), 69677 Bron, France.

Objective: Differential diagnosis between sleep-related epileptic seizures and NREM parasomnia remains challenging. Pathophysiological markers to differentiate both conditions are needed. Activation of autonomic system is present in arousal reactions and epileptic seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2018.08.002DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Ictal Asystole Induced by Right Posterior Quadrant Epilepsy: Report of a Radically Treated Case.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14;120:337-342. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Seirei Hamamatsu General Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.

Background: Ictal asystole (IA) and ictal bradycardia (IB) are mainly seen with temporal or frontal lobe epilepsy. Many patients with these conditions undergo cardiac pacemaker therapy but not epilepsy surgery.

Case Description: We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with IA and IB secondary to right posterior quadrant epilepsy (PoQE) who underwent right posterior quadrant disconnection, but not cardiac pacemaker implantation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183207
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.030DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Awake craniotomy without sedation in treatment of patients with lesional epilepsy.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 3;9:177. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Federal Centre of Treatment and Rehabilitation of Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, 125367 Moscow, Russia.

Background: The use of awake craniotomy for surgical treatment of epilepsy was applied in surgery of convexital tumors, arteriovenous malformations, some superficial aneurysms, and stereotactic neurosurgery. The aim of this study was to show the advantages of awake craniotomy without sedation, accompanied by intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in patients with symptomatic epilepsy.

Methods: This article describes the results of surgical treatment in 41 patients with various pathologies; 31 among them suffered from epilepsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_24_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6130149PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

[Targeting diagnosis and treatment value of chelating anti-IL-1β mAb-SPIONs in temporal lobe epilepsy model].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Sep;98(33):2678-2682

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining 272000, China.

In order to study the diagnosis and treatment value of chelating anti-IL-1β mAb-SPIONs in temporal lobe epilepsy model induced by lithium chlorid and pilocarpine. Forty-five temporal lobe epilepsy model rats were randomly and equally divided into saline group, plain-SPIONs group, anti-IL-1β mAb-SPIONs group. Each group was injected with equal particles at day 3 and day 14 after the onset of seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.33.014DOI Listing
September 2018

[Rasmussen syndrome: a clinicopathologic study of four cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Sep;47(9):676-681

Department of Pathology, Beijing Haidian Hospital/Haidian Section of Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100080, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic features of Rasmussen syndrome (RS) and to raise awareness of this rare disease. Clinicopathologic data of 4 cases of RS were retrospectively analyzed at Beijing Haidian Hospital from 2008 to 2016. The clinical manifestations included epilepsia partialis continua and progressive neurologic deficits in all patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5807.2018.09.005DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads