825 results match your criteria Silo Filler's Disease


Effect of microbial inoculants on the fermentation characteristics, nutritive value, and in vitro digestibility of various forages.

Anim Sci J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Ensiling and Processing of Grass, College of Agro-grassland Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

This study was aimed to examine the characteristics of three isolated lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains (HG24, M1, and TG1), and to evaluate their effects on fermentation characteristics, nutritive value, and in vitro digestibility in a variety of substrates. The experiments were conducted with Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schred. Read More

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December 2018

Nonoperative management of giant omphalocele leading to early fascial closure.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Dec 2;53(12):2404-2408. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

Sunrise Children's Hospital, Las Vegas, NV.

Purpose: We describe our series of giant omphalocele patients treated with a serial taping method for gradual reduction of the abdominal contents and early fascial closure.

Methods: Between 2010 and 2017 we cared for ten newborns with giant omphaloceles. The average gestational age was 35. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Temperature and microbial changes of corn silage during aerobic exposure.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Applied Life Science (BK21Plus, Insti. of Agri. & Life Sci.), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea.

Objectve: This study was conducted to estimate the temperature and microbial changes of corn silages during aerobic exposure.

Methods: Kwangpyeongok (KW) and Pioneer 1543 (PI) corn hybrids were harvested at 29.7% of dry matter and chopped to 3-5 cm lengths. Read More

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November 2018

Toward a global health approach: lessons from the HIV and Ebola epidemics.

Global Health 2018 11 22;14(1):114. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases & Inserm, UMR S 1136 and UPMC, University of Paris 6, St Antoine Hospital, APHP, IMEA Fondation Internationale Léon Mba, Paris, France.

Background: The imposing burden of non-communicable diseases, emerging infectious diseases, climate change, environmental consequences, migrations, urbanization, and other challenges, faced in a context that strives to make universal health coverage (UHC) a reality, compels global health professionals to ask: how do we construct a "global" roadmap that is both realistic and effective? To move forward and begin to answer this question, we draw on lessons and experiences gained during the "global" health crises triggered by the HIV and Ebola pandemics.

Main Text: Improving the early response and committing to the long haul; developing inter-disciplinary and inter-sectoral responses; designing comprehensive and versatile interventions; and, most importantly, to work closely and effectively with civil society and communities are some of the critical elements that were identified. The health sector has changed dramatically in recent years; new tools and innovative technologies are transforming the culture and practice of public health. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Listeriosis in fattening pigs caused by poor quality silage - a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Nov 21;14(1):362. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

University Clinic for Swine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Listeria (L.) monocytogenes as the causative agent of listeriosis in humans and different animal species, has its reservoir in the environment. It can be found in the gut and faeces of healthy pigs, but under certain circumstances it may cause clinical disease. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Care of infants with gastroschisis in low-resource settings.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 5;27(5):321-326. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Paediatric Surgery Department, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

There is great global disparity in the outcome of infants born with gastroschisis. Mortality approaches 100% in many low income countries. Barriers to better outcomes include lack of antenatal diagnosis, deficient pre-hospital care, ineffective neonatal resuscitation and venous access, limited intensive care facilities, poor access to the operating theatre and safe neonatal anesthesia, and lack of neonatal parenteral nutrition. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Closure methods in gastroschisis.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 28;27(5):304-308. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Children's National Health System, George Washington University Medical Center, United States. Electronic address:

The expected outcome of gastroschisis has evolved from an almost certain death of the child prior to the use of parenteral nutrition to almost certain survival. The primary goal of the surgical intervention is return of eviscerated contents into the abdominal cavity. The optimal surgical technique is dependent on the status of the intestine and the accommodation of abdominal domain. Read More

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October 2018

Silicon Field Effect Transistor as the Nonlinear Detector for Terahertz Autocorellators.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 2;18(11). Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Institute of Applied Electrodynamics and Telecommunications, Vilnius University, Sauletekio av. 3, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.

We demonstrate that the rectifying field effect transistor, biased to the subthreshold regime, in a large signal regime exhibits a super-linear response to the incident terahertz (THz) power. This phenomenon can be exploited in a variety of experiments which exploit a nonlinear response, such as nonlinear autocorrelation measurements, for direct assessment of intrinsic response time using a pump-probe configuration or for indirect calibration of the oscillating voltage amplitude, which is delivered to the device. For these purposes, we employ a broadband bow-tie antenna coupled Si CMOS field-effect-transistor-based THz detector (TeraFET) in a nonlinear autocorrelation experiment performed with picoseconds-scale pulsed THz radiation. Read More

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November 2018

Safety and usefulness of plastic closure in infants with gastroschisis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, 1526-555 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada.

Purpose: Recently, plastic closure of abdominal defect in infants with gastroschisis has been used. Timing of gastroschisis closure can be mainly divided into two groups: primary closure and delayed closure after silo forming. Safety and usefulness of plastic closure in gastroschisis remains unclear. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Escaping the professional silo: an escape room implemented in an interprofessional education curriculum.

J Interprof Care 2018 Oct 26:1-3. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

d Internal Medicine , University of Minnesota , Minneapolis, MN , USA.

Communication skills among healthcare professionals are a necessary component in ensuring quality outcomes for patients. This report describes the design and curricular implementation of an interprofessional escape room, an innovative way to promote communication and positive team dynamics among students. In this interactive, serious game, teams of approximately eight interprofessional participants were provided with a fictitious patient case in a simulated hospital environment. Read More

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October 2018
15 Reads

Energy Portfolio Assessment Tool (EPAT): Sustainable energy planning using the WEF nexus approach - Texas case.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jan 12;648:1649-1664. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

The paper introduces a holistic framework that identifies the links between energy and other systems (water, land, environment, finance, etc.), and measures the impact of energy portfolios, to offer a solid foundation for the best sustainable decision making in energy planning. The paper presents a scenario-based holistic nexus tool, Energy Portfolio Assessment Tool (EPAT) that provides a platform for energy stakeholders and policymakers to create and evaluate the sustainability of various scenarios based on the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus approach. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes of Sutureless vs Sutured Closure Techniques in Gastroschisis Repair.

JAMA Surg 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco.

Importance: Sutureless gastroschisis repair offers an alternative to the traditional sutured method and has been associated with decreased intubation time. Published study results are inconsistent regarding the advantages of sutureless closure.

Objective: To compare the clinical outcomes of sutureless and sutured gastroschisis repair. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Decoupling Geometrical and Kinematic Contributions to the Silo Clogging Process.

Phys Rev Lett 2018 Sep;121(13):138001

Departamento de Física y Matemática Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Based on the implementation of a novel silo discharge procedure, we are able to control the grains velocities regardless of the outlet size. This allows isolating the geometrical and kinematic contributions to the clogging process. We find that, for a given outlet size, reducing the grains velocities to extremely low values leads to a clogging probability increment of almost two orders of magnitude, hence revealing the importance of particle kinematics in the silo clogging process. Read More

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September 2018

Complexity versus simplicity in water energy food nexus (WEF) assessment tools.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 7;650(Pt 1):1566-1575. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA; Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA; Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Approaching water, energy, and food, as interconnected system of systems, as an alternative to traditional silo-based resources planning and management approaches continues to fall short of expectations of its research-backed benefits. The lack of nexus applications in policy and decision making can be related to numerous factors, with the main barrier being the complex nature of "nexus" systems combined with the disarray of tools attempting to model its interconnections. The paper aims to provide a method for comparing the perceived complexity of nexus tools identified by international organizations as well as primary literature sources. Read More

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February 2019
16 Reads

Single center protocol driven care in 150 patients with gastroschisis 1998-2017: collaboration improves results.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Nov 25;34(11):1171-1176. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Surgery, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, IL, USA.

Purpose: The treatment of gastroschisis (GS) using our collaborative clinical pathway, with immediate attempted abdominal closure and bowel irrigation with a mucolytic agent, was reviewed.

Methods: A retrospective review of the past 20 years of our clinical pathway was performed on neonates with GS repair at our institution. The clinical treatment includes attempted complete reduction of GS defect within 2 h of birth. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Granular silo flow of inelastic dumbbells: Clogging and its reduction.

Phys Rev E 2018 Aug;98(2-1):022904

Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de la Matière Condensée, LPTMC, F-75005 Paris, France.

We study the discharge of inelastic, two-dimensional dumbbells through an orifice in the bottom wall of a silo using discrete element method (DEM) simulations. As with spherical particles, clogging may occur due to the formation of arches of particles around the orifice. The clogging probability decreases with increasing orifice width in both cases. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Antibiotic resistance in Vietnam: moving towards a One Health surveillance system.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 24;18(1):1136. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

ASTRE, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier, France.

Background: The international community strongly advocates the implementation of multi-sectoral surveillance policies for an effective approach to antibiotic resistance, in line with the One Health concept. To comply with these international recommendations, the Vietnamese government has issued an inter-ministerial surveillance strategy for antibiotic resistance, including an integrated surveillance system. However, one may question the ability and willingness of surveillance stakeholders to implement the collaborations required. Read More

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September 2018

The association between gestational age at delivery, closure type and perinatal outcomes in neonates with isolated gastroschisis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Oct 1:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , WI , USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association between gestational age at delivery and closure type for neonates with gastroschisis. In addition, we compared perinatal outcomes among the cases of gastroschisis based on the following two factors: gestational age at delivery and abdominal wall closure technique.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of all fetuses with isolated gastroschisis that were diagnosed prenatally and delivered between September 2000 and January 2017, in a single tertiary care center. Read More

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October 2018

Predicting and testing a silo-free delivery system.

Healthc Manage Forum 2018 Sep 22;31(5):200-205. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

3 Consultant, Pepler Group, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Given the scale and complexity of the challenge of addressing the aging population, increasing demand for complex and integrated care, this article sets out potential opportunities to predict a future without silos, based on international learnings. Examining another country's health and delivery systems, it is interesting to see the similarities and differences, so we offer some reflections applicable to Canada. These models are breaking down the silos. Read More

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September 2018

Breaking out of the shy silo.

Authors:
Troye McPherson

Can Vet J 2018 Jul;59(7):695-697

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July 2018
1 Read

Bridging the Great Divide: What Can Neurology Learn From Psychiatry?

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Jun 25:appineuropsych17100200. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

From the Department of Neurology, Behavioral Neurology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (DLP, BHP); the Department of Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (DLP); the Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston (MSK); the Department of Neurology, Movement Disorders Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (JMS); the Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston (JMS); the Departments of Pediatrics, Neurology, and Psychiatry, University of Iowa Health Care, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa (ADB); and the Department of Neurology, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Mass. (BHP).

Neurology and psychiatry share common historical origins and rely on similar tools to study brain disorders. Yet the practical integration of medical and scientific approaches across these clinical neurosciences remains elusive. Although much has been written about the need to incorporate emerging systems-level, cellular-molecular, and genetic-epigenetic advances into a science of mind for psychiatric disorders, less attention has been given to applying clinical neuroscience principles to conceptualize neurologic conditions with an integrated neurobio-psycho-social approach. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Microbial communities and natural fermentation of corn silages prepared with farm bunker-silo in Southwest China.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Oct 8;265:282-290. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Animal Science and Technology College, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

This study analyzed the variation of microbial communities, their achieved fermentation quality, and the association between microbial diversity and environmental factors after ensiling of 96 samples prepared with bunker-silo in Southwest China. Most of natural corn silages achieved good fermentation, e.g. Read More

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October 2018
45 Reads

The Building Bridges project: Linking disconnected service networks in acquired brain injury and criminal justice.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2018 Jun 8:1-22. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

c Brain Injury Rehabilitation Research Group , Ingham Institute of Applied Medical Research , Sydney , NSW , Australia.

People with acquired brain injury (ABI) are overrepresented in prison populations across many countries. An effective service response to reduce this trend requires collaboration between the ABI and criminal justice (CJ) sectors. The Building Bridges project piloted a novel professional development model designed to increase cross-sectoral knowledge and collaboration between the ABI and CJ sectors. Read More

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Meconium-stained amniotic fluid as a predictor of poor outcomes in gastroschisis.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 27;53(9):1665-1668. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) was associated with neonatal outcomes in gastroschisis.

Study Design: A retrospective chart review of gastroschisis patients from 2000 to 2014 at a single, tertiary institution was performed. Statistical analysis was performed with Fisher exact test, Welch's t-test, logistic regression and/or linear regression with significance at p < 0. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Early surgical management for giant omphalocele: Results and prognostic factors.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 24;53(10):1908-1913. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, APHP, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: Giant omphalocele often represents a major surgical challenge and is reported with high mortality and morbidity rates. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of neonates with giant omphalocele managed with early operative surgical treatment, and subsequently to identify possible factors that could alter the prognosis.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 29 consecutive newborns with prenatally diagnosed giant omphalocele. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Trap Model for Clogging and Unclogging in Granular Hopper Flows.

Phys Rev Lett 2018 May;120(19):198002

Departamento de Física y Matemática Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain.

Granular flows through narrow outlets may be interrupted by the formation of arches or vaults that clog the exit. These clogs may be destroyed by vibrations. A feature which remains elusive is the broad distribution p(τ) of clog lifetimes τ measured under constant vibrations. Read More

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Slow relaxation dynamics of clogs in a vibrated granular silo.

Phys Rev E 2018 Apr;97(4-1):042904

Departamento de Física y Matemática Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain.

We experimentally explore the vibration-induced unclogging of arches halting the flow in a two-dimensional silo. The endurance of arches is determined by carrying out a survival analysis of their breaking times. By analyzing the dynamics of two morphological variables, we demonstrate that arches evolve toward less regular structures and it seems that there may exist a certain degree of irregularity that the arch reaches before collapsing. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

A future-proof architecture for telemedicine using loose-coupled modules and HL7 FHIR.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2018 Jul 10;160:95-101. Epub 2018 Mar 10.

Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fr Bajers Vej 7D 9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark.

Background And Objectives: Most telemedicine solutions are proprietary and disease specific which cause a heterogeneous and silo-oriented system landscape with limited interoperability. Solving the interoperability problem would require a strong focus on data integration and standardization in telemedicine infrastructures. Our objective was to suggest a future-proof architecture, that consisted of small loose-coupled modules to allow flexible integration with new and existing services, and the use of international standards to allow high re-usability of modules, and interoperability in the health IT landscape. Read More

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Variation in the Microbiome, Trichothecenes, and Aflatoxins in Stored Wheat Grains in Wuhan, China.

Toxins (Basel) 2018 Apr 24;10(5). Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory of Triticeae Crops, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Contamination by fungal and bacterial species and their metabolites can affect grain quality and health of wheat consumers. In this study, sequence analyses of conserved DNA regions of fungi and bacteria combined with determination of trichothecenes and aflatoxins revealed the microbiome and mycotoxins of wheat from different silo positions (top, middle, and bottom) and storage times (3, 6, 9, and 12 months). The fungal community in wheat on the first day of storage (T₀) included 105 classified species (81 genera) and 41 unclassified species. Read More

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Silage review: Interpretation of chemical, microbial, and organoleptic components of silages.

J Dairy Sci 2018 May;101(5):4020-4033

Lallemand Animal Nutrition, Milwaukee, WI 53218.

The goal of making silage is to produce a stable feed with a high recovery of dry matter, energy, and highly digestible nutrients compared with the fresh crop. Microbial fermentation in the silo produces an array of end products and can change many nutritive aspects of a forage. High-quality silage should be void of undesirable compounds that could negatively affect animal performance, the environment, or net farm income. Read More

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Silage review: Recent advances and future uses of silage additives.

J Dairy Sci 2018 May;101(5):3980-4000

Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark 19716.

Additives have been available for enhancing silage preservation for decades. This review covers research studies published since 2000 that have investigated the efficacy of silage additives. The review has been divided into 6 categories of additives: homofermentative lactic acid bacteria (LAB), obligate heterofermentative LAB, combination inoculants containing obligate heterofermentative LAB plus homofermentative LAB, other inoculants, chemicals, and enzymes. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Linking Mental Disorder and Risk in Sexually Violent Person Assessments.

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2018 Mar;46(1):63-70

Dr. Weinberger is Professor Emerita and Dr. Sreenivasan is Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, CA. Dr. Sreenivasan is also with Forensic Outreach Services, and Dr. Garrick is Chief of General Hospital Psychiatry, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. Dr. Azizian is Assistant Professor of Criminology, California State University, Fresno, and Senior Psychologist, Department of State Hospitals, Sacramento, California. Dr. Garrick, is Professor of Psychiatry, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

A common criticism of sexually violent person (SVP) laws is that psychiatric commitment has been co-opted to continue the incarceration of dangerous criminals, not dangerous individuals with mental illness. This opinion may have credence because some forensic clinicians use a "silo" approach (i.e. Read More

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March 2018
12 Reads

Successful treatment of enteroatmospheric fistulas in combination with negative pressure wound therapy: Experience on 3 cases and literature review.

Int Wound J 2018 Oct 30;15(5):722-730. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Hospital of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAF) are rare but challenging and morbid complications of abdominal surgery and require time- as well as resource-consuming management. Furthermore, they severely affect patients' quality of life. Several treatment modalities for EAF management are described in the literature. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Rethinking Healthcare Performance Evaluation Systems towards the People-Centredness Approach: Their Pathways, their Experience, their Evaluation.

Healthc Pap 2017 Oct;17(2):56-64

Laboratorio Management e Sanità, Institute of Management, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.

Patient experience should be the starting point to achieve a high quality of care. Coherently, healthcare performance evaluation systems, driving the change in line with the main strategic goals, should be designed considering the patient perspective. Instead, they are traditionally defined according to the healthcare service provider's point of view. Read More

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October 2017

[Prediction of bowel damage in patients with gastroschisis].

Rozhl Chir 2018 ;97(3):105-108

Introduction: Gastroschisis is the most common malformation among abdominal wall defects with the incidence of 1:45000 live birth neonates. Postoperative care for these patients is very difficult due to the risk of abdominal compartment syndrome. The identification of markers that correlate with bowel damage in gastroschisis may prevent this serious postoperative complication. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Integrated Care Planning for Cancer Patients: A Scoping Review.

Int J Integr Care 2017 Nov 13;17(6). Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, ON, CA.

Introduction: There has been a growing emphasis on the use of integrated care plans to deliver cancer care. However little is known about how integrated care plans for cancer patients are developed including featured core activities, facilitators for uptake and indicators for assessing impact.

Methods: Given limited consensus around what constitutes an integrated care plan for cancer patients, a scoping review was conducted to explore the components of integrated care plans and contextual factors that influence design and uptake. Read More

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November 2017
1 Read

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Iberian pig sows.

Parasitol Res 2018 May 13;117(5):1419-1424. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

SALUVET Group, Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary, Complutense University, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

The objective of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in Iberian sows reared in extensive and intensive management conditions and to compare two serologic techniques used for diagnosis. In addition, some possible risk factors associated with the presence of serum antibodies to T. gondii were also studied. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Effects of fatty acid glyceride product SILOhealth 104 on the growth performance and carcass composition of broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2018 Apr;97(4):1315-1323

Guelph Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 5C9.

Butyric acid is the primary energy source for colonocytes, and has shown potential as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics, due to its antimicrobial activity and positive effects on production performance traits of broiler chickens. SILOhealth 104 (SILO S.P. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Primary Closure versus Bedside Silo and Delayed Closure for Gastroschisis: A Truncated Prospective Randomized Trial.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2018 Feb 19. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Department of Surgery, Center for Prospective Trials, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, United States.

Background:  We report a prospective randomized trial comparing primary closure (PC) to bedside silo and delayed closure (DC) for babies with gastroschisis.

Methods:  Patients were randomized to PC versus DC. We excluded those with atresia/necrosis, <34 weeks' gestation, or congenital anomalies. Read More

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February 2018
3 Reads

Effects of applying oil-extracted microalgae on the fermentation quality, feed-nutritive value and aerobic stability of ensiled sweet sorghum.

J Sci Food Agric 2018 Sep 17;98(12):4462-4470. Epub 2018 May 17.

Institute of Ensiling and Processing of Grass, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

Background: A laboratory-silo study was conducted to evaluate the fermentation quality, feed-nutritive value and aerobic stability of sweet sorghum silage with or without oil-extracted microalgae supplementation. Sweet sorghum was mixed with four microalgae levels (0%, 1%, 2% and 3% on a dry matter basis; control, M1, M2 and M3, respectively) and ensiled for 45 d. Further, the four experimental silages were subjected to an aerobic stability test lasting 7 d. Read More

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September 2018

Fermentation and aerobic stability of rehydrated corn grain silage treated with different doses of Lactobacillus buchneri or a combination of Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici.

J Dairy Sci 2018 May 14;101(5):4158-4167. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Department of Animal Science, São Paulo State University (Unesp), School of Agricultural and Veterinarian Sciences, Jaboticabal, São Paulo CEP 14884-900, Brazil; Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios, Polo Regional Alta Mogiana, Colina, São Paulo CEP 14770-000, Brazil. Electronic address:

We investigated the effects of different types and doses of inoculants for ensiling rehydrated corn grain. Shelled corn was finely ground and rehydrated to 35% moisture. Treatments were as follows: (1) control (no additives); (2) Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici (LPPA) at a theoretical application rate of 1 × 10 cfu/g; (3) LPPA at 5 × 10 cfu/g; (4) LPPA at 1 × 10 cfu/g; (5) Lactobacillus buchneri (LB) at 1 × 10 cfu/g; (6) LB at 5 × 10 cfu/g; and (7) LB at 1 × 10 cfu/g. Read More

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Stress distribution in two-dimensional silos.

Phys Rev E 2018 Jan;97(1-1):012903

Departamento de Física Aplicada, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Mérida. Apartado Postal 73 "Cordemex" 97310, Mérida, Yucatán, México.

Simulations of a polydispersed two-dimensional silo were performed using molecular dynamics, with different numbers of grains reaching up to 64 000, verifying numerically the model derived by Janssen and also the main assumption that the walls carry part of the weight due to the static friction between grains with themselves and those with the silo's walls. We vary the friction coefficient, the radii dispersity, the silo width, and the size of grains. We find that the Janssen's model becomes less relevant as the the silo width increases since the behavior of the stresses becomes more hydrostatic. Read More

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January 2018

Dismantling the justice silos: Flowcharting the role and expertise of forensic science, forensic medicine and allied health in adult sexual assault investigations.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Apr 31;285:21-28. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

National Institute of Forensic Science Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency, World Trade Centre, Flinders Street, Docklands, Victoria 3008, Australia. Electronic address:

Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

The influence of gestational age, mode of delivery and abdominal wall closure method on the surgical outcome of neonates with uncomplicated gastroschisis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Apr 7;34(4):415-419. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Division of General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Aim Of The Study: To evaluate if gestational age (GA), mode of delivery and abdominal wall closure method influence outcomes in uncomplicated gastroschisis (GTC).

Methods: Retrospective review of NICU admissions for gastroschisis, August 2008-July 2016. Primary outcomes were: time to start enteral feeds (on-EF), time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), and length of stay (LOS). Read More

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April 2018
9 Reads

Bacterial and fungal communities, fermentation, and aerobic stability of conventional hybrids and brown midrib hybrids ensiled at low moisture with or without a homo- and heterofermentative inoculant.

J Dairy Sci 2018 Apr 1;101(4):3057-3076. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695. Electronic address:

We evaluated the effects of adding a combination inoculant to 4 corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids harvested at low moisture on the nutritive value, fermentation profile, aerobic stability, bacterial and fungal populations, and community structure. The treatment design was the factorial combination of 4 corn hybrids ensiled with (INO) and without (CON) inoculant. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Effect of inoculants and storage temperature on the microbial, chemical and mycotoxin composition of corn silage.

Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 26;31(12):1903-1912. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Department of Grassland Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of lactic acid bacteria and storage temperature on the microbial, chemical and mycotoxin composition of corn silage.

Methods: Corn was harvested at 32.8% dry matter, and chopped to 1 to 2 cm. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Novel multidisciplinary approach to monitor and treat fetuses with gastroschisis using the Svetliza Reducibility Index and the EXIT-like procedure.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2017 Oct-Dec;15(4):395-402

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To describe our initial experience with a novel approach to follow-up and treat gastroschisis in "zero minute" using the EXITlike procedure.

Methods: Eleven fetuses with prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis were evaluated. The Svetliza Reductibility Index was used to prospectively evaluate five cases, and six cases were used as historical controls. Read More

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March 2018
19 Reads

Flow and clog in a silo with oscillating exit.

Phys Rev E 2017 Sep 14;96(3-1):032906. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.

When grains flow out of a silo, flow rate W increases with exit size D. If D is too small, an arch may form and the flow may be blocked at the exit. To recover from clogging, the arch has to be destroyed. Read More

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September 2017

Food safety challenges and One Health within Europe.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 3;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7036, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

This review discusses food safety aspects of importance from a One Health perspective, focusing on Europe. Using examples of food pathogen/food commodity combinations, spread of antimicrobial resistance in the food web and the risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens in a circular system, it demonstrates how different perspectives are interconnected. The chosen examples all show the complexity of the food system and the necessity of using a One Health approach. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

It's hard to play ball: A qualitative study of knowledge exchange and silo effects in public health.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 01 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

Background: Partnerships in public health form an important component of commissioning and implementing services, in England and internationally. In this research, we examine the views of staff involved in a City-wide health improvement programme which ran from 2009 to 2013 in England. We examine the practicalities of partnership work in community settings, and we describe some of barriers faced when implementing a large, multi-organisation health improvement programme. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads