Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2015 Jun 1;69(6):351-9. Epub 2014 Dec 1.
Epilepsy Center, Neurological Institute, University Hospital Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA.
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze in detail the clinical phenomenology of paroxysmal non-epileptic events (PNEE) in infants and toddlers.
Methods: We studied all children aged ≤2 years who were diagnosed with PNEE based on video-electroencephalographic (VEEG) recordings. We analyzed the following four clinical domains of each clinical event: (i) motor manifestations (body/limb jerking, complex motor, and asymmetric limb posturing); (ii) oral/vocal (crying, vocalization, sighing); (iii) behavioral change (arrest of activity, staring); (iv) and autonomic (facial flushing, breath holding). Read More