2,299 results match your criteria Shoulder Rotator Cuff Injury Ultrasonography

Choosing Wisely: the lack of validity of ultrasound scans in the investigation of shoulder instability.

N Z Med J 2022 Feb 4;135(1549):92-100. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

For assistance in data collection and preparation of this manuscript.

Aim: To test the clinical validity and financial implications of the proposed Choosing Wisely statement: "Using ultrasound as a screening test for shoulder instability is inappropriate in people under 30 years of age, unless there is clinical suspicion of a rotator cuff tear."

Method: A retrospective chart review from a specialist shoulder surgeon's practice over a two-year period recorded 124 patients under the age of 30 referred with shoulder instability. Of these, forty-one had already had ultrasound scans performed prior to specialist review. Read More

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February 2022

Utilization of MRI in surgical decision making in the shoulder.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 18;23(1):588. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Chan Gunn Pavilion, Allen McGavin Sports Medicine Clinic, 2553 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3, Canada.

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate both the utility of MRI scans and reports used in the current practice routine of shoulder surgeons and their surgical decision-making process.

Methods: Ninety-three shoulder-specialised orthopaedic surgeons of the Canadian Shoulder and Elbow Society (CSES) Orthopaedic Association were surveyed in 2020 anonymously online to help identify the use of MR-imaging and reports in managing shoulder disorders and surgical decision process.

Results: Thirty out of 93 (32. Read More

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[Development of a risk stratification model for subscapularis tendon tear based on patient-specific data from 528 shoulder arthroscopy].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):729-738

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, P. R. China.

Objective: To identify and screen sensitive predictors associated with subscapularis (SSC) tendon tear and develop a web-based dynamic nomogram to assist clinicians in early identification and intervention of SSC tendon tear.

Methods: Between July 2016 and December 2021, 528 consecutive cases of patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopic surgery with completely MRI and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Patients admitted between July 2016 and July 2019 were included in the training cohort, and patients admitted between August 2019 and December 2021 were included in the validation cohort. Read More

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Isolated bursal-side infraspinatus tear diagnosed by computed tomography bursography: a case series.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 17;16(1):240. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Radiology, Tonan Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears are commonly found in the articular-side tendon of the supraspinatus; however, isolated lesions, except those occurring in the supraspinatus tendons, are rare. We report three cases of isolated bursal-side infraspinatus tears that were difficult to detect by magnetic resonance imaging but could be visualized by computed tomography bursography.

Case Presentation: Three Asian patients (59-71 years old) with shoulder pain ranging from 1 month to 3 years in duration were each diagnosed with shoulder impingement syndrome. Read More

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Critical shoulder angle and failure of conservative treatment in patients with atraumatic full thickness rotator cuff tears.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 10;23(1):561. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Atraumatic full thickness rotator cuff tears (AFTRCT) are common lesions whose incidence increases with age. Physical therapy is an effective conservative treatment in these patients with a reported success rate near 85% within 12 weeks of treatment. The critical shoulder angle (CSA) is a radiographic metric that relates the glenoid inclination with the lateral extension of the acromion in the coronal plane. Read More

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The differences of the acromiohumeral interval between supine and upright radiographs of the shoulder.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 7;12(1):9404. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

The acromiohumeral interval (AHI) is a measurement used to determine the superior migration of the humeral head in rotator cuff (RC) tear patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the AHI of; supine, upright shoulder radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the shoulder. The 86 shoulders were divided into 3 groups that included; (1) non-full thickness tear (50%), (2) full thickness (FT) tear ≤3 cm (33. Read More

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Shoulder Osteoarthritis.

Radiol Clin North Am 2022 Jul;60(4):593-603

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224-3899, USA.

Glenohumeral osteoarthritis has proven to be a major contributor to shoulder joint pain and dysfunction in the elderly. There are several conditions about the shoulder that contribute to the development of glenohumeral osteoarthritis, which includes traumatic injuries, rotator cuff pathology, glenohumeral instability, glenoid dysplasia, and osteonecrosis. When glenohumeral osteoarthritis pain is refractory to conservative treatment, intra-articular injections and surgery can be performed. Read More

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Rapidly destructive osteonecrosis of the humeral head after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: a case report.

Myung-Seo Kim

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 4;23(1):532. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Shoulder & Elbow Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 892, Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-gu, 05278, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Cases of rapidly destructive osteonecrosis (RDON) of the humeral head after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) have rarely been reported, which has prevented a clear consensus on the cause of osteonecrosis.

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old woman without a history of trauma underwent arthroscopic RCR after being diagnosed with a medium-sized full-thickness rotator cuff tear for symptoms of left shoulder pain for six months. The patient had no medical history other than hypertension, and no other potential cause was found for osteonecrosis of the left shoulder prior to surgery. Read More

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Posttreatment Imaging of the Shoulder.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2022 Jun 2;26(3):258-270. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Radiology, Cantonal Hospital Grisons, Chur, Switzerland.

The shoulder joint is vulnerable for injuries following trauma and in the context of sporting activities. Degenerative rotator cuff disease is also a common entity. Conservative therapy is often not indicated or does not lead to the desired success, so surgical intervention is necessary. Read More

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Factors Influencing the Size of a Non-Traumatic Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear: Focusing on Socioeconomic Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 18;19(10). Epub 2022 May 18.

Office of Public Healthcare Service, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea.

This study aimed to identify the risk factors for non-traumatic rotator cuff tears in Korean adult patients who underwent surgical treatment, focusing on socioeconomic factors. A retrospective study was conducted with 659 patients who were diagnosed with a full rotator cuff tear and underwent surgical treatment. The outcome variable was the rotator cuff tear size (mm), as indicated by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging After Shoulder Arthroplasty: 2021 Update.

J Am Coll Radiol 2022 05;19(5S):S53-S66

Specialty Chair, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Arizona.

Shoulder arthroplasty is a common orthopedic procedure with a complication rate reported to be as high as 39.8% and revision rates as high as 11%. Symptoms related to postoperative difficulties include activity-related pain, decreased range of motion, and apprehension. Read More

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Superior Capsular Reconstruction Versus Lower Trapezius Transfer for Posterosuperior Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears With High-Grade Fatty Infiltration in the Infraspinatus.

Am J Sports Med 2022 Jun 10;50(7):1938-1947. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yeosu Baek Hospital, Yeosu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) and lower trapezius transfer (LTT) have recently been utilized to treat irreparable rotator cuff tears (IRCTs). There is still no clear guideline on which treatment method is a better fit for posterosuperior IRCTs with high-grade 4 fatty infiltration in the infraspinatus.

Purpose: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between arthroscopic-assisted SCR (aSCR) and arthroscopic-assisted LTT (aLTT) in patients with posterosuperior IRCTs with high-grade (Goutallier grade 4) fatty infiltration in the infraspinatus muscle. Read More

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Prediction of Bilaterality in Patients With 1 Posterosuperior Rotator Cuff Tear.

Am J Sports Med 2022 Jun 9;50(7):1928-1937. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Republic of Korea.

Background: In patients with a known unilateral posterosuperior rotator cuff tear (PSRCT), the ability to predict a contralateral PSRCT may assist in earlier diagnosis and improved patient outcomes.

Purpose: To determine factors associated with bilateral PSRCT and their most predictive combinations using a nonhospitalized general population.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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Biomechanical properties of a suture anchor system from human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix for rotator cuff repair.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 5;23(1):422. Epub 2022 May 5.

Michael Ogon Laboratory for Orthopaedic Research, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Suture anchors (SAs) made of human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix are among the newest developments in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Biomechanical properties of an allogenic mineralized suture anchor (AMSA) are not investigated until now. The primary objective was the biomechanical investigation of AMSA and comparing it to a metallic suture anchor (MSA) and a bioabsorbable suture anchor (BSA) placed at the greater tuberosity of the humeral head of cadaver humeri. Read More

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Rotator cuff repair with single row technique provides satisfying clinical results despite consistent MRI retear rate.

J Orthop Traumatol 2022 May 4;23(1):23. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Background: The number of shoulder arthroscopies is steadily increasing to treat glenohumeral joint disorders, among which the rotator cuff tear is the most common. The prevalence of this condition ranges from 13% to 37% in the general population without considering the number of asymptomatic patients. The gold standard procedure for rotator cuff repair is still undefined. Read More

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The Imaging Diagnosis of Patients with Shoulder Pain Caused by Sports Injury.

Xiaoqi Dong Lu Wang

Appl Bionics Biomech 2022 21;2022:5272446. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Sports Department, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 Heilongjiang, China.

The shoulder joint is the most complex and movable joint of the human body. A variety of diseases can affect the shoulder joint and cause shoulder pain. Sports injuries are an important and common cause of shoulder pain. Read More

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Identifying key factors associated with subscapularis tendon tears and developing a risk prediction model to assist diagnosis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Apr 27;23(1):393. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Orthopaedics Department, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, NO.1 DaHua Road, Dong Dan, Beijing, 100730, PR China.

Background: There are still some challenges in diagnosing subscapularis (SSC) tendon tears as accurately as posterosuperior rotator cuff tears on MRI. The omission of SSC tendon tear can lead to muscle atrophy, fatty infiltration, and increased tearing accompanied by aggravated shoulder pain and loss of function. An effective non-invasive evaluation tool will be beneficial to early identification and intervention. Read More

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Prevalence of Rotator Cuff Tears Among Older Tennis Players and Its Impact on Clinical Findings and Shoulder Function.

J Sport Rehabil 2022 Apr 23:1-7. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima,Japan.

Context: Tennis is a noncontact sport playable at an individual's own pace. Thus, it is popular among the older adults. It is known that older adults often suffer from rotator cuff tears (RCTs), which may affect tennis activity. Read More

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The Double-Circle System in the Greater Tuberosity: Using Radius to Predict Rotator Cuff Tear.

Orthop Surg 2022 May 21;14(5):927-936. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Objective: In this study we concerned on the morphological characteristics of the greater tuberosity of humerus and proposed the double-circle radius ratio as a new predictor for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears.

Methods: This was a retrospective study and patients who visited our hospital and were diagnosed with or without rotator cuff tears via magnetic resonance imaging from January 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled and classified into two groups respectively. In a standard anteroposterior view, the radius of the best-fit circle of humeral head and the radius of the concentric circle passing through the most lateral edge of the greater tuberosity were measured in each shoulder. Read More

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A high acromion-greater tuberosity impingement index increases the risk of retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2022 Jan-Apr;30(1):10225536221092219

The Department of Sports Medicine, 26452The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: No evaluation has been done on the relationship of the acromion-greater tuberosity impingement index (ATI) with retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). Our purpose was to evaluate whether a higher ATI is associated with retear after ARCR.

Methods: 132 patients received ARCR and underwent MRI scan at a one year follow-up to assess tendon healing, and the findings were graded no retear (NR), partial-thickness retear (PR) or full-thickness retear (FR). Read More

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The effect of sagittal orientation of the acromion relative to the scapular spine on the location of rotator cuff tears.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2022 Mar;56(2):116-119

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Foundation University, School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the angle between the scapular spine and acromion in the sagittal plane on the location of chronic rotator cuff tears (RCTs).

Methods: The magnetic resonance images of patients who had undergone an arthroscopic shoulder surgery were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups: patients who had undergone RCT repair and those who had experienced different shoulder surgery as a control group. Read More

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Concomitant Glenohumeral Instability and Rotator Cuff Injury: An Epidemiologic and Case-Control Analysis in Military Cadets.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2022 04 12;6(4). Epub 2022 Apr 12.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (Dr. Zhou); the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, VA (Dr. Gee); and the John A. Feagin Jr. Sports Medicine Fellowship, Keller Army Community Hospital, West Point, NY (Dr. Posner, and Dr. Cameron).

Introduction: Concomitant rotator cuff tear and glenohumeral instability in a large cohort of young and active patients has not been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, associated variables, and outcomes in military cadets undergoing shoulder stabilization procedures with these concomitant pathologies.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of a consecutive series of collegiate patients who underwent shoulder stabilization from 2014 to 2018 at a single service academy was conducted. Read More

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Clinical effect of arthroscopic long head of biceps transfer and tenodesis on irreparable rotator cuff tear.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Apr 10;17(1):220. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Department of Joint and Sports Medicine, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 150 Jimo Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai City, 200120, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of arthroscopic long head of biceps transfer and tenodesis for on irreparable rotator cuff tear.

Methods: A total of 18 patients with irreparable rotator cuff tear who were treated in the Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University School of Medicine from April 2018 to March 2020 were included in this study. They all underwent arthroscopic long head of biceps transfer and tenodesis. Read More

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Etiologic Factors of Rotator Cuff Disease in Elderly: Modifiable Factors in Addition to Known Demographic Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 03 21;19(6). Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan-si 50612, Korea.

With the aging society, musculoskeletal degenerative diseases are becoming a burden on society, and rotator cuff disease is one of these degenerative diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of shoulder osteoarthritis and the etiologic factors of rotator cuff disease in the Korean elderly population. A total of 102 patients performing ultrasonography were recruited, and their demographic factors were analyzed. Read More

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Anchoring Apparatus of Long Head of the Biceps Tendon: Ultrasonographic Anatomy and Pathologic Conditions.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Mar 8;12(3). Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Department of Ultrasound, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) has been recognized as an important generator of anterior shoulder pain, causing a significant reduction in the shoulder flexion range. Various tendinous and ligamentous structures form the anchoring apparatus of the LHBT along its course to maintain its appropriate location during shoulder movements, including the coracohumeral ligament (CHL), superior glenohumeral ligament (SGHL), subscapularis (SSC) tendon and supraspinatus (SSP) tendon as well as the less recognized tendons of pectoralis major (PM), latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM). Lesions of this stabilizing apparatus may lead to an instability of the LHBT, resulting in pain at the anterior shoulder. Read More

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[Shoulder MRI evaluation of the association of os acromiale with supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 Mar;35(3):214-9

Department of Radiology, Hospital of Traditional Medicine of Zhongshan, Zhongshan 528400, Guangdong, China.

Objective: To explore the MRI findings of os acromiale and to analyze the relationship between os acromiale and the supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury.

Methods: From January 2010 to August 2020, 21 patients with os acromiale (os arcomiale group) were compared with 21 subjects with no evidence of os acromiale (no os arcomiale group). There were 14 males and 7 females in the os arcomiate group, aged from 29 to 77 years old, mean aged (55. Read More

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Usefulness of ultrasound in diagnosing long head of the biceps tendon malposition in patients with rotator cuff tears.

J Med Ultrason (2001) 2022 Apr 23;49(2):289-295. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the role of preoperative shoulder ultrasonography (SUS) in detecting positional abnormalities of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and predicting subscapularis (SSC) tears in patients with rotator cuff injuries.

Methods: A total of 331 patients (365 shoulders) who had undergone arthroscopic shoulder surgery for the treatment of rotator cuff tears were included in the study. Their preoperative SUS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were examined retrospectively to assess the presence of LHBT abnormalities at the bicipital groove. Read More

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Persistent Shoulder Pain After Vaccine Administration Is Associated with Common Incidental Pathology: A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2022 Jul 23;480(7):1251-1258. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Background: Claims of shoulder injury now account for half of all claims to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. Reports from databases of claims or potential adverse events note a relatively high mean age and high prevalences of rotator cuff tendinopathy and adhesive capsulitis-common shoulder problems that might be incidental to vaccination. Published case reports provide much more detail about individual patients than is available in databases. Read More

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The Thrower's Shoulder.

JBJS Rev 2022 03 18;10(3). Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Morgan-Kallman Clinic, Wilmington, Delaware.

»: The thrower's shoulder has been a subject of great interest for many decades. Different theories have been proposed to clarify the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options for this condition. In this review article, we summarize the relevant anatomy and pathophysiology and how these translate into signs, symptoms, and imaging findings. Read More

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