10,396 results match your criteria Shoulder Dislocations

Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings in a bengal tiger () with cervical spondylomyelopathy: A case report.

Rev Bras Med Vet 2022 12;44:e003921. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Veterinarian, PhD, Head of Opsedale Veterinario San Michele, Tavazzano con Villavesco, (LO), Italy.

An adult neutered male Bengal tiger () presented with abnormal gait. Neurological examination showed poor left ambulatory hemiparesis, spontaneous proprioceptive deficit in the left anterior limb, and decreased flexor reflex in the forelimbs. The neurological symptoms suggested a caudal cervical spinal cord lesion. Read More

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Concomitant Glenolabral Articular Disruption (GLAD) Lesion is Not Associated With Inferior Clinical Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair for Shoulder Instability: A Retrospective Comparative Study.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Jun 31;4(3):e1015-e1022. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between anterior shoulder instability patients with and without glenolabral articular disruption (GLAD) lesions after undergoing arthroscopic Bankart repair and to evaluate potential risk factors for inferior outcomes and recurrent instability.

Methods: Prospectively collected data were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair with and without GLAD lesions at a minimum of 2 years follow-up. Consecutive patients were matched by age, sex, and number of anchors. Read More

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No Difference in Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair With Remplissage or Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedure for Anterior Shoulder Instability.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Jun 18;4(3):e853-e859. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

New York University Langone Health, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair with remplissage (ABRR) compared with the arthroscopic Latarjet (AL) procedure for anterior shoulder instability in patients with a labral tear and a concomitant engaging Hill-Sachs lesion.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent either ABRR or the AL procedure for a diagnosis of anterior shoulder instability with a concomitant engaging Hill-Sachs lesion between 2011 and 2019 was performed. Recurrent instability, the visual analog scale score, the Subjective Shoulder Value, the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability score, patient satisfaction, willingness to undergo surgery again, and return to work or sport were evaluated. Read More

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Treatment of Knee Osteochondral Fractures.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, RO-020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) that are frequently encountered in skeletally immature and adult patients are more common than once thought, and their incidence rate is rising. These lesions can appear in many synovial joints of the body, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, and ankle, occurring most often in the knee. The term osteochondral lesion includes a vast spectrum of pathologies such as osteochondritis dissecans, osteochondral defects, osteochondral fractures, and osteonecrosis of the subchondral bone. Read More

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High failure rate after conservative treatment for recurrent shoulder dislocation without subjective apprehension on physical examination.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of conservative treatment for recurrent shoulder dislocation without subjective apprehension, despite the presence of a Bankart lesion or glenoid defect.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for 92 patients with recurrent shoulder dislocation treated with conservative treatment due to negative apprehension between 2009 and 2018. The failure of the conservative treatment was defined as a dislocation or subluxation episode or subjective feeling of instability based on a positive apprehension. Read More

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Terrible triad injury of the elbow: A PROCESS-compliant surgical case series from Eastern Morocco.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 4;78:103914. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco.

Introduction: The terrible triad of the elbow (TTE) is a lesion associating a dislocation of the elbow, a fracture of the radial head, and a fracture of the coronoid process, with a high potential of complication. The treatment is based on the restoration of bone lesions and external capsular ligament repair. The systematic repair of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) is still debated in the literature. Read More

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Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 21;6:CD000434. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Evidence-Based Orthopaedics, Zealand University Hospital and Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Fractures of the proximal humerus, often termed shoulder fractures, are common injuries, especially in older people. The management of these fractures varies widely, including in the use of surgery. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2001 and last updated in 2015. Read More

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Remplissage for Anterior Shoulder Instability: History, Indications, and Outcomes.

Orthop Clin North Am 2022 Jul 27;53(3):327-338. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee-Campbell Clinic, Memphis, TN, USA. Electronic address:

Remplissage is a nonanatomic capsulotenodesis of the infraspinatus tendon used to fill engaging or "off-track" Hill-Sachs lesions in patients at high risk of recurrent instability with isolated Bankart repair. Indications for remplissage are expanding, as the importance of subcritical bone loss and the glenoid track on patient outcomes and recurrence rates continues to be investigated. Remplissage is also suggested in patients at high risk of recurrent instability following isolated anterior labral repair, such as collision and contact athletes with Hill-Sachs lesions that have not reached the threshold of "off track. Read More

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School Nurses on the Front Lines of Healthcare: Emergencies Associated With Sport and Physical Activities (Part 4)-The Assessment of Pediatric Shoulder and Hip Injuries Utilizing the "SPASMS" Mnemonic.

NASN Sch Nurse 2022 Jun 19:1942602X221104204. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, Attending Pediatric Emergency Medicine physician, Penn State Hershey Medical Center Hershey, PA.

Sport participation is an important part of the development, both physically and mentally, of children and adolescents in the United States. Illness and injury associated with sport and physical activities may occur in the school setting. Although most sport-related illness and injury in students are considered minor emergencies, life-threatening illnesses or injuries may occur. Read More

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Long-term Outcomes After the Open Latarjet Procedure for the Surgical Management of Humeral Avulsion of the Glenohumeral Ligament Lesions.

Am J Sports Med 2022 Jun 20:3635465221102904. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Centre Orthopédique Santy, Hôpital Privé Jean Mermoz, Ramsay Santé, Lyon, France.

Background: Recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability caused by a humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion has been studied, but very limited long-term evidence is available.

Purpose: To retrospectively review patients with a HAGL lesion who underwent an open Latarjet procedure for recurrent anterior shoulder instability.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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A Systematic Review of the Management of Upper Extremity Orthopaedic Injuries in Epileptic Patients.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2022 Apr;10(4):301-310

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Background: During seizures, injury of the upper extremities may occur. Standardized guidelines are deficient for diagnosis and perioperative care.

Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were systematically screened using predefined search terms. Read More

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Acta Ortop Bras 2022 15;30(2):e244517. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Sports Traumatology Center, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: This study aims to understand the way fighting athletes respond to bone block surgery in the treatment for shoulder instability.

Methods: Prospective clinical study with competitive fighters with shoulder instability who underwent bone block surgery from 2013 to 2016, followed by a postoperative rehabilitation protocol. For the evaluation, eight combat athletes with anterior shoulder instability were treated, with a total of nine shoulders, since one athlete underwent bilateral surgery. Read More

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Pancarpal dissociation, a very rare type of injury: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29479. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Pan-carpal dissociation is very rare injury and there is little information as to diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this injury.

Patient Concerns: A 35-year-man presented to our hospital with severe pain and swelling of the left wrist and forearm after slipping and falling while riding a motorcycle.

Diagnosis: The wrist simple radiographs demonstrated unrecognizable severe fracture-dislocation of the carpal bones concomitant with fractures of the radioulnar shaft. Read More

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[Development of a risk stratification model for subscapularis tendon tear based on patient-specific data from 528 shoulder arthroscopy].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):729-738

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, P. R. China.

Objective: To identify and screen sensitive predictors associated with subscapularis (SSC) tendon tear and develop a web-based dynamic nomogram to assist clinicians in early identification and intervention of SSC tendon tear.

Methods: Between July 2016 and December 2021, 528 consecutive cases of patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopic surgery with completely MRI and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Patients admitted between July 2016 and July 2019 were included in the training cohort, and patients admitted between August 2019 and December 2021 were included in the validation cohort. Read More

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[Effectiveness of arthroscopic distal clavicle resection for symptomatic acromioclavicular joint arthritis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):698-702

Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518000, P. R. China.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic distal clavicle resection for the symptomatic acromioclavicular joint arthritis.

Methods: The clinical data of 14 patients with symptomatic acromioclavicular joint arthritis treated by arthroscopic indirect distal clavicle resection between January 2020 and March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 9 females with an average age of 46. Read More

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Ultrasound-guided interscalene block vs intravenous analgesia and sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocation.

Minoru Hayashi

Am J Emerg Med 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Fukui Prefectural Hospital, 2-8-1 Yotsui, Fukui City, Japan. Electronic address:

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Modified Graft Loop Technique Augmented With Nonabsorbable Suture Tape for Chronic Elbow Dislocation.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of First Orthopaedic, Georgios Papanikolaou Hospital, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki.

The task of achieving a good clinical outcome on patients with chronic elbow dislocation is arduous. Any stabilization method used should be robust enough in order to allow for early elbow motion. Immobilization of the elbow for a prolonged time period may lead to stiffness and heterotopic ossification. Read More

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Pyrocardan® interpositional arthroplasty for trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis: a minimum four year follow-up.

Int Orthop 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Federico II" University, Via S. Pansini 5, bd. 12, 80131, Naples, Italy.

Background: Pyrocardan® (Wright Medical-Tornier) is a pyrocarbon implant proposed in the treatment of trapeziometacarpal joint (TMCJ) osteoarthritis. Our aim was to assess the clinical and radiographic results after Pyrocardan® arthroplasty at midterm follow-up.

Methods: In this prospective monocentric study, we enrolled 119 patients treated with Pyrocardan® for TMCJ osteoarthritis and followed up at a minimum of four years. Read More

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Glenoid bony morphology along long diameter is associated with the occurrence of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation: a case-control study based on three-dimensional CT measurements.

Int Orthop 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

The School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.

Purpose: The purpose of our study is to compare the anatomic parameters of proximal humerus, glenoid, and glenohumeral joint between patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation (RASD) and patients without RASD with the assistance of three-dimensional (3D) CT scans.

Methods: Sixty patients were included in the study and divided into group RASD and group control. 3D-CT models of shoulder joint for each included patient were reconstructed and multiple anatomic parameters were measured. Read More

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LUtarjet-limit unique coracoid osteotomy Latarjet (With video).

Burns Trauma 2022 28;10:tkac021. Epub 2022 May 28.

Department of Sports Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518035, China.

Background: The Latarjet procedure is an effective technique for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid bone loss. However, the inevitable destruction of the coracoacromial arch may result in humeral head translation. The aim of the study is to introduce a modified Latarjet technique with coracoacromial arch preservation as well as its short term clinical outcomes. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: Dynamic Anterior Stabilization via Biceps Tenodesis to the Glenoid Is an Option for Anterior Shoulder Instability With Subcritical Glenoid Bone Loss.

Arthroscopy 2022 Jun;38(6):1772-1773

A nuanced approach to treatment of anterior shoulder instability is encouraged, particularly in patients with subcritical glenoid bone loss. In patients with bone loss, recurrent instability after isolated arthroscopic Bankart repair has dampened enthusiasm for this procedure. Adjunctive treatment with remplissage or dynamic anterior stabilization via biceps tenodesis to the glenoid is an alternative to bone transfer procedures, which are effective but have higher complication rates. Read More

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Posterior shoulder dislocation with associated reverse Hill-Sachs lesion: clinical outcome 10 years after joint-preserving surgery.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department for Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, BG Klinik, University of Tübingen, Schnarrenbergstr. 95, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Introduction: Posterior shoulder dislocation in association with reverse Hill-Sachs lesion is a rather rare injury. Few studies reporting results after joint-preserving surgery in these cases are available. This current study presents the clinical outcomes 10 years postoperatively. Read More

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Evaluating Bone Loss in Anterior Shoulder Instability.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 31;30(12):563-572. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

From the Henry Ford Health System, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Detroit, MI (Makhni and Tramer), and the Columbia University, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York, NY (Anderson and Levine).

Anterior shoulder instability is a common orthopaedic condition that often involves damage to the bony architecture of the glenohumeral joint in addition to the capsulolabral complex. Patients with recurrent shoulder dislocations are at increased risk for glenohumeral bone loss, as each instability event leads to the accumulation of additional glenoid and/or humeral head bone defects. Depending on the degree of bone loss, successful treatment may need to address bony lesions in addition to injured soft-tissue structures. Read More

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Open Double-Button Technique is Superior to Hook Plate in the Treatment of Acute Rockwood Type III/V Acromioclavicular Dislocations.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2022 Jun;28(6):839-848

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Atlas University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study is to compare open double-button (DB) and hook plate (HP) techniques in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation (ACJD) in terms of clinical and radiological outcomes and to determine which method is superior.

Methods: This retrospective comparative study included patients with ACJDs (Rockwood Type III/V) who were treated with one of these implants (22 patients with HP, 21 patients with DB) between June 2014 and February 2018.

Results: A total of 43 patients (39 men and 4 women) with a mean age of 41. Read More

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An Irreducible Posterior Fracture-Dislocation of the Shoulder: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 Apr 27;14(4):e24535. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Orthopedic Surgery, Beaumont Health, Farmington Hills, USA.

Posterior fracture-dislocations of the shoulder are exceedingly rare orthopedic injuries. The management of these rare and complex injuries can be challenging from initial presentation through definitive management. Timely diagnosis of these injuries is critical to prevent devastating complications, yet the diagnosis is often delayed. Read More

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Arthroscopic anatomic glenoid reconstruction has a lower rate of recurrent instability compared to arthroscopic Bankart repair while otherwise maintaining a similar complication and safety profile.

J ISAKOS 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and type of complications including subluxation, infection, hardware complication, graft/glenoid fracture, chondrolysis, neurovascular deficits and stiffness following an Arthroscopic Bankart Repair (ABR) or an Arthroscopic Anatomic Glenoid Reconstruction (AAGR) using a distal tibia allograft for recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Secondary purposes were to determine the frank dislocation rate and the associations of post-operative complications with demographic patient factors.

Methods: Demographic and clinical data was reviewed using means ± standard deviations or frequencies in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability who underwent either an ABR or an AAGR. Read More

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Comparison of Simulated Low-Dose and Conventional-Dose CT for Preoperative Planning in Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2022 06 14;104(11):1004-1014. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Shoulder computed tomography (CT) is commonly utilized in preoperative planning for total shoulder arthroplasty. Conventional-dose shoulder CT may expose patients to more ionizing radiation than is necessary to provide high-quality images for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of simulated low-dose CT images for preoperative planning using manual measurements and common preoperative planning software. Read More

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Safety, Efficacy, and Cost-Effectiveness of Simultaneous Bilateral Arthroscopic Bankart Repair for Bilateral Shoulder Instability.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 May 24;10(5):23259671221098435. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Beyzadeoglu Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Bilateral shoulder instability and Bankart lesions are not rare and frequently require surgical treatment. Bilateral instability may be treated with either a single-stage, simultaneous bilateral Bankart repair or 2-stage surgery.

Purpose/hypothesis: To compare simultaneous bilateral arthroscopic Bankart repair to 2-stage repair in terms of clinical outcomes and hospitalization costs. Read More

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Arthroscopic Technique for Distal Tibial Allograft Bone Augmentation With Suture Anchor Fixation for Anterior Shoulder Instability.

Arthrosc Tech 2022 May 25;11(5):e903-e909. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.A.

Recurrent instability associated with glenoid bone loss is a commonly encountered problem after anterior shoulder dislocation. Surgical management with bony augmentation can be achieved with several allograft or autograft options. Fixation strategies also vary, including screw, suture button, or suture anchor fixation. Read More

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Collisions with another person while skiing and snowboarding: A 13-year national registry analysis.

Injury 2022 Jul 19;53(7):2485-2492. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:

Introduction: Interindividual collisions while skiing or snowboarding occur regularly, they can be associated with severe injuries.

Objective: To elucidate causes of accidents, injury patterns and potential risk factors for injury severity in interindividual collisions of skiers and snowboarders.

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of the Austrian Registry for Mountain Accidents within a 13-year timeframe (2005-2018) with regard to on- or off-piste collisions of skiers and snowboarders. Read More

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