8,870 results match your criteria Shoulder Dislocation


Arthroscopic bankart repair for the management of anterior shoulder instability: Mid- and long-term results.

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2021 Jul-Aug;65(4):255-263

Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Arthroscopic stabilisation is a well-recognised surgical technique with a variable rate of failure reported between 0-35%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this technique and our second aim was to identify risk factors that could be associated to recurrence rate.

Material And Methods: 41 patients that underwent arthroscopic shoulder stabilisation for glenohumeral instability between 2001-2015 were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differences in Outcomes Between Anterior and Posterior Shoulder Instability After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 May 25;9(5):23259671211006437. Epub 2021 May 25.

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Background: The glenohumeral joint is one of the most frequently dislocated joints in the body, particularly in young, active adults.

Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate and compare outcomes between anterior versus posterior shoulder instability.

Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Arthroscopic Versus Open Anterior Shoulder Stabilization: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial With 15-Year Follow-up With an Assessment of the Glenoid Being "On-Track" and "Off-Track" as a Predictor of Failure.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Jun 8:3635465211018212. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Background: Recent studies have demonstrated equivalent short-term results when comparing arthroscopic versus open anterior shoulder stabilization. However, none have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of patients after arthroscopic or open anterior shoulder stabilization, with inclusion of an assessment of preoperative glenoid tracking.

Purpose: To compare long-term clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability randomized to open and arthroscopic stabilization groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Outcomes of acromioclavicular joint dislocation using tightrope arthroscopy.

Int J Burns Trauma 2021 15;11(2):131-135. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Based on different treatment outcomes and different treatment methods for acromioclavicular dislocation, we decided to evaluate the treatment outcomes of acromioclavicular joint dislocation using tightrope arthroscopy.

Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation referred to Alzahra Hospital in Isfahan and Abadan-Iran from 2015 to 2017. Information that was assessed included age, sex, type of dislocation (Figure 1), duration of injury, cause of injury, complications such as osteoarthritis, changes in the distance between the joints, as well as the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Score (ASES) were collected after 6 months of surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Serial Changes in Perianchor Cysts Following Arthroscopic Labral Repair Using All-Suture Anchors.

Clin Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 21;13(2):229-236. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ewha Womans University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Backgroud: Changes in perianchor cysts around the all-suture anchors, which demonstrate distinguished features from the biocomposite anchors, have not been revealed sufficiently. The purpose of this study was to investigate serial changes of perianchor cysts according to the location of the inserted anchor in the glenoid in arthroscopic labral repair using all-suture anchors.

Methods: We enrolled 43 patients who underwent computed tomography (CT) immediately postoperatively and CT arthrogram (CTA) at 1 year or 2 years after arthroscopic labral repair using a 1. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Glenoid Bone Loss in Shoulder Instability: Superiority of Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography over Two-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using Established Methodology.

Clin Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 9;13(2):223-228. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

USC Epstein Family Center for Sports Medicine, Keck Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Backgroud: Recent literature suggests that three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI) can replace 3D computed tomography (3D CT) when evaluating glenoid bone loss in patients with shoulder instability. We aimed to examine if 2D MRI in conjunction with a validated predictive formula for assessment of glenoid height is equivalent to the gold standard 3D CT scans for patients with recurrent glenohumeral instability.

Methods: Patients with recurrent shoulder instability and available imaging were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Locked fracture dislocations of the proximal humerus: postoperative results and a proposed modification of the classification.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Traumatology and Hand Surgery, St. Vincentius Clinic, Teaching Hospital Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Background: Locked dislocations of the glenohumeral joint are disabling and often painful conditions and the treatment is challenging. This study evaluates the functional outcome and the different prosthetic treatment options for chronic locked dislocations of the glenohumeral joint and a subclassification is proposed.

Methods: In this single-center retrospective case series, all patients with a chronic locked dislocation treated surgically during a four-year period were analyzed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Bristow-Latarjet Procedure for Revision of Failed Arthroscopic Bankart: A retrospective case series of 59 consecutive patients.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

ICR - Institut de Chirurgie Réparatrice - Locomoteur & Sport, 7 av Durante, 06000 Nice, France. Electronic address:

Background: Recurrence of anterior instability after arthroscopic Bankart prevents return to sport and remains a surgical challenge.

Aim: To assess clinical and radiological outcomes after coracoid bone-block performed either open or under arthroscopy, for the management of failed arthroscopic Bankart.

Patients And Methods: fifty-nine consecutive patients with anterior instability recurrence after arthroscopic Bankart were revised with a Bristow or Latarjet procedure performed either open (25 cases) or under arthroscopy (34 cases). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increased nerve growth factor expression in the synovial tissues of patients with rotator cuff tears.

Mol Pain 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17448069211021252

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan.

Background: Rotator cuff tears (RCTs) are often associated with severe shoulder pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, not recommended for long-term use, do not effectively manage RCT-induced pain, resulting in reduced quality of life. To improve management, a better understanding of the fundamental properties of RCT pain is needed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of the TightRope system versus hook plate in acute acromioclavicular joint dislocations: a retrospective analysis.

Sci Rep 2021 May 31;11(1):11397. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 1055 Sanxiang Road, Suzhou, 215004, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

This study compared the results of the minimally invasive coracoclavicular (CC) fixation with a single TightRope (MITR) procedure and the hook plate (HP) procedure for acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation treatment. Sixteen patients with a mean age of 44.9 ± 11 years were treated with the MITR procedure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Open Reduction and Suture Fixation of Acute Sternoclavicular Fracture-Dislocations in Children.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3). Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Acute sternoclavicular fracture-dislocation is associated with high-energy trauma and is being increasingly recognized in children. These injuries are associated with compression of mediastinal structures and can be life-threatening. The management of acute sternoclavicular fracture-dislocation includes closed reduction or open surgical stabilization; however, limited success is reported with closed reduction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Hinge plate technique for osteosynthesis of comminuted proximal humeral fractures.

Injury 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

University of Fribourg Medical School, Switzerland; Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Fribourg Cantonal Hospital, Switzerland.

Background: Several surgical techniques of osteosynthesis have been described for treatment of proximal humeral fractures. There is evidence that the quality of reduction improves the clinical outcome and decreases the number of complications. Reduction of the medial calcar is tricky when standard manoeuvres are performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Non-operative Instability Severity Index Score (NISIS): Is it Predictive in a Larger Shoulder Instability Population at Long-term Follow-up?

Arthroscopy 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of the Non-operative Instability Severity Index Score (NISIS) criteria on an established US-geographic population-based cohort of anterior shoulder instability (ASI) patients.

Methods: An established geographically based medical record system was used to identify patients < 40 years of age with ASI between 1994 and 2016. Medical records were reviewed to obtain patient demographics and instability characteristics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of Common Shoulder Injuries in Collegiate Baseball Players.

Phys Sportsmed 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

ObjectivesBaseball players are highly susceptible to shoulder injuries due to repetitive overhead throwing. The purpose of this study was to investigate men's collegiate baseball shoulder injury rates and associated risk factors.MethodsUsing the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) database, shoulder injury data for men's baseball players was analyzed from 2009-2010 through 2013-2014. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[The Latarjet procedure in patients with anterior shoulder instability, with outcome depending on coracoid abutment location on radiography].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 24;38:215. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Service d´Orthopédie et de Traumatologie, Hôpital Militaire Principale d´Instruction de Tunis, Montfleury, Tunis, Tunisie.

Anterior shoulder instability following traumatic dislocation in young adults is a common complication. The Latarjet procedure is the most widely used technique for treating this instability. It is based on coracoid abutment repair of the anterior edge of the glenoid. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Deciphering acute shoulder trauma with normal initial X-ray: contributions of ultrasonography and MRI.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 May 22:102965. Epub 2021 May 22.

Service de Chirurgie de l'Arthrose et du Sport, Urgences Traumatiques des Membres. CHU de Grenoble-Alpes, Hôpital Sud, Avenue de Kimberley, BP 338, 38434, Échirolles, Cedex, France.

Introduction: Shoulder trauma with normal radiographs is a frequent emergency presentation. The predominance of pain makes clinical examination unreliable, and complementary imaging is often needed for diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to assess the contribution of ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in deciphering such trauma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Progress on arthroscopic surgery for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2021 May;34(5):478-84

Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu, China.

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Glenoid Radius of Curvature and Humeral Head Volume Are Associated With Postoperative Dislocation After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2021 Apr 9;3(2):e565-e571. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Purpose: To measure bony morphologic parameters and identify their association with arthroscopic Bankart repair failure.

Methods: This was a retrospective comparative study. The inclusion criteria were primary arthroscopic Bankart repair, no prior shoulder surgery, traumatic cause, and had a Bankart (soft tissue and bony) lesion evident on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Socioeconomic and Demographic Disparities in Early Surgical Stabilization Following Emergency Department Presentation for Shoulder Instability.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2021 Apr 24;3(2):e471-e476. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brown University, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A.

Purpose: To describe which patients are the most likely to undergo surgical management within the same calendar year as their emergency department visit for anterior shoulder instability.

Methods: The State Emergency Department Databases and State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases from Florida were used. All patients presenting to the emergency department for anterior shoulder subluxation or dislocation between January 1 and September 30, 2017, were selected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Arthroscopic nomenclature of capsulolabral appearances in anterior shoulder dislocation.

J Orthop 2021 May-Jun;25:120-123. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Apollo Hospital, Karur, India.

Objectives: To study the intraoperative morphology of the glenoid labrum and capsule in recurrent shoulder dislocation and to study the relationship between the number of dislocations and the changes in the glenoid and labrum.

Methods: Over a period of 18 months, 108 patients with traumatic anterior dislocations were included in the study, of which 102 men and 6 women with mean age of 33.4yrs range from 18 to 45. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Glenoid track ''off-track'' as a risk factor for recurrence of anterior glenohumeral instability in postoperative patients.

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Nov-Dec;34(6):365-370

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Hospital General Regional No. 2 «Dr. Guillermo Fajardo Ortíz». México.

Introduction: Glenoid track is used to assess the engagement of Hill-Sachs lesions. The objective of this study was to identify if off-track glenoid track was a risk factor for recurrence of anterior glenohumeral instability in postoperative patients with arthroscopic anterior labrum repair.

Material And Methods: Sixty patients with glenohumeral instability who underwent arthroscopic repair of the anterior labrum were studied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Variability of Glenoid Labral Tear Patterns: A Study of 280 Sequential Surgical Cases.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Peachtree Orthopaedics, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Glenoid labrum tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and instability and tear patterns have historically been ascribed into categorical descriptions such as anterior, posterior, and superior labral tears (SLAP) with multiple sub-types. Although often quoted as representing no more than 10% of instabilities, posterior shoulder instability may be more common than previously recognized. The purpose of this study was to review observed labral tear patterns and compare incidence and morphologies to historical descriptions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and ex-vivo assessment of a novel patient specific guide and instrumentation system for minimally invasive total shoulder arthroplasty.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(5):e0251880. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objective: To develop and assess a novel guidance technique and instrumentation system for minimally invasive short-stemmed total shoulder arthroplasty that will help to reduce the complications associated with traditional open replacement such as poor muscle healing and neurovascular injury. We have answered key questions about the developed system including (1) can novel patient-specific guides be accurately registered and used within a minimally invasive environment?; (2) can accuracy similar to traditional techniques be achieved?

Methods: A novel intra-articular patient-specific guide was developed for use with a new minimally invasive posterior surgical approach that guides bone preparation without requiring muscle resection or joint dislocation. Additionally, a novel set of instruments were developed to enable bone preparation within the minimally invasive environment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Revision Arthroscopic Bankart Repair Versus Arthroscopic Latarjet for Failed Primary Arthroscopic Stabilization With Subcritical Bone Loss.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 May 4;9(5):23259671211001809. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, IIS Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Limited evidence is available regarding the recommended technique of revision surgery for recurrent shoulder instability. Only 1 previous study has compared the results of soft tissue repair and the Latarjet technique in patients with persistent shoulder instability after primary surgical stabilization.

Purpose/hypothesis: To evaluate the results of revision surgery in patients with previous surgical stabilization failure and subcritical glenoid bone defects, comparing repeated Bankart repair versus arthroscopic Latarjet technique. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Open Reduction of a Fracture-Dislocation of the Shoulder in an 11-Month-Old Child: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 05 19;11(2). Epub 2021 May 19.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Albany Medical Center, Albany, New York.

Case: An 11-month-old boy was brought to the emergency department because he was refusing to use his right arm. X-rays demonstrated an anteroinferior Salter-Harris I fracture-dislocation of the proximal humeral epiphysis. Closed reduction with sedation was unsuccessful, so open reduction under general anesthesia was pursued. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bone Allograft and Locking Plate for Severe Proximal Humeral Fractures: Early and Late Outcomes.

Med Sci Monit 2021 May 19;27:e928982. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Sana Hospital Hof, Hof/Saale, Germany.

BACKGROUND Early failure of osteosyntheses is common even with use of locking plates. In patients with comminuted fractures and epiphyseal osseous defects, we performed a series of osteosyntheses by locking plate in combination with an allograft bone augmentation. Because of encouraging short-term results in the literature, we assumed that the method could be a potential alternative to a reverse shoulder prosthesis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnostic Accuracy of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound on Long Head Biceps Tendon Pathologies.

J Sport Rehabil 2021 May 17:1-4. Epub 2021 May 17.

Clinical Scenario: Pathologies of the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon are a source of shoulder pain in many people. It is important to have a reliable assessment of the LHB tendon to make an accurate diagnosis and provide the correct treatment or referral if necessary. Shoulder ultrasound is very accurate in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Traumatic Glenohumeral Dislocation in Pediatric Patients is Associated With a High Risk of Recurrent Instability.

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh Department of Orthopaedics, University of Edinburgh Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: The natural history of traumatic glenohumeral dislocation is well-established in young adults, but it is less clear in pediatric patients. We aimed to determine the rate of recurrent instability and medium-term functional outcome following shoulder dislocation in patients aged 14 years or younger.

Methods: All patients aged 14 years or younger who sustained a glenohumeral dislocation from 2008 to 2019 presenting to our regional health-board were identified. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiology of Shoulder Instability in the National Football League.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 May 4;9(5):23259671211007743. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Shoulder instability is a common and potentially debilitating injury among collision sport athletes that can lead to long-term damage of the glenohumeral joint. Limited data exist regarding instability among elite athletes in the National Football League (NFL).

Purpose: To describe the epidemiology of shoulder instability in the NFL from 2012 through 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Eden-Hybinette Procedure for Revision Surgery in Recurrent Anterior Shoulder Instability in Epilepsy.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Jun 8;55(3):728-733. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical outcomes after Eden-Hybinette procedure for revision surgery in recurrent anterior shoulder instability in patients with epilepsy.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively evaluated eight such patients between 2015 and 2018. Four patients had failed Latarjet/Bristow procedure and two had failed arthroscopic Bankart procedure, while two had history of both the procedures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF