34,154 results match your criteria Shock Septic


The Role of Osteopontin as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker in Sepsis and Septic Shock.

Cells 2019 Feb 18;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

CAAD, IRCAD, Department of Health Sciences, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Corso Trieste 15, 28100 Novara (NO), Piedmont, Italy.

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host-response to infections. Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein involved in the inflammatory response. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic performance in sepsis of a single OPN determination in the Emergency Department (ED). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells8020174DOI Listing
February 2019

Urinary infection in the elderly.

Rev Clin Esp 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla (HUMV), Santander, Cantabria, España. Electronic address:

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most frequent infections. In the elderly, they have multiple comorbidities. The objective of this work is to describe the clinical and microbiological epidemiology of elderly persons admitted for UTIs and to evaluate the suitability of empirical treatments and their implications regarding mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rce.2018.10.009DOI Listing
February 2019

How Best to Resuscitate Patients With Septic Shock?

Authors:
Derek C Angus

JAMA 2019 Feb;321(7):647-648

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.0070DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of a Resuscitation Strategy Targeting Peripheral Perfusion Status vs Serum Lactate Levels on 28-Day Mortality Among Patients With Septic Shock: The ANDROMEDA-SHOCK Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2019 Feb;321(7):654-664

Departmento de Medicina Intensiva, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago.

Importance: Abnormal peripheral perfusion after septic shock resuscitation has been associated with organ dysfunction and mortality. The potential role of the clinical assessment of peripheral perfusion as a target during resuscitation in early septic shock has not been established.

Objective: To determine if a peripheral perfusion-targeted resuscitation during early septic shock in adults is more effective than a lactate level-targeted resuscitation for reducing mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.0071DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with readmission and mortality in adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Clinical Microbiology Department, Son Llàtzer Hospital, Balearic Islands, Spain.

Background: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common cause of consultation, and complicated cases require hospitalization. We describe factors that are related to readmission and/or mortality of hospitalized patients diagnosed with SSTIs.

Methods: Retrospective review of hospital-admitted patients with a diagnosis of cellulitis, abscess, hidradenitis, fasciitis, and Fournier's gangrene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14390DOI Listing
February 2019

The ATP-Binding Cassette Gene ABCF1 Functions as an E2 Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzyme Controlling Macrophage Polarization to Dampen Lethal Septic Shock.

Immunity 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia (UBC), 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada; The Vancouver Prostate Centre, 2660 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC V6H 3Z6, Canada; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, UBC, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada; Centre for Blood Research, UBC, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada; Department of Zoology, UBC, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada; Department of Medical Genetics, UBC, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada; Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, 2215 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada. Electronic address:

Sepsis is a bi-phasic inflammatory disease that threatens approximately 30 million lives and claims over 14 million annually, yet little is known regarding the molecular switches and pathways that regulate this disease. Here, we have described ABCF1, an ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) family member protein, which possesses an E2 ubiquitin enzyme activity, through which it controls the Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- Toll-like Receptor-4 (TLR4) mediated gram-negative insult by targeting key proteins for K63-polyubiquitination. Ubiquitination by ABCF1 shifts the inflammatory profile from an early phase MyD88-dependent to a late phase TRIF-dependent signaling pathway, thereby regulating TLR4 endocytosis and modulating macrophage polarization from M1 to M2 phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2019.01.014DOI Listing
February 2019

The effect of direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B immobilized cartridge on meropenem in critically ill patients requiring renal support.

J Crit Care 2019 Feb 5;51:71-76. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B immobilized cartridge (DHP-PMX) on meropenem pharmacokinetics in critically ill patients with sepsis requiring continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH).

Material And Methods: After intravenous infusion of 1 g meropenem over 3 h repeated every 8 h for at least 3 doses, 2 serial blood and ultrafiltration fluid samples were collected: one over a dose interval of meropenem with DHP-PMX therapy; and the other on the following day over a dose interval of meropenem with no DHP-PMX therapy. Meropenem concentrations were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Eculizumab in paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome: 10-year pharmacovigilance analysis.

Br J Haematol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Eculizumab is the first and only medication approved for paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) and atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) treatment. However, eculizumab safety based on long-term pharmacovigilance is unknown. This analysis summarises safety data collected from spontaneous and solicited sources from 16 March 2007 through 1 October 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15790DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Macrophage Activation-Like Syndrome: A Distinct Entity Leading to Early Death in Sepsis.

Front Immunol 2019 31;10:55. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistocytosis (HLH) is characterized by fulminant cytokine storm leading to multiple organ dysfunction and high mortality. HLH is classified into familial (fHLH) and into secondary (sHLH). fHLH is rare and it is due to mutations of genes encoding for perforin or excretory granules of natural killer (NK) cells of CD8-lymphocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365431PMC
January 2019

Aggressive fluid management in the critically ill: Pro.

Authors:
Katsura Hayakawa

J Intensive Care 2019 2;7. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Saitama Red Cross Hospital, 1-5 Shintoshin, Chuo-ku, Saitama City, Saitama 330-8553 Japan.

Background: This review is a "Pro-Con" discussion about the optimal fluid volume in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). This article argues that fluids should be aggressively managed in critically ill patients.

Main Body: In recent years, restrictive fluid management has been thought to be beneficial for critically ill patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40560-019-0361-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359791PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Hemodynamic consequences of intravenously given E. coli suspension: observations in a fulminant sepsis model in pigs, a descriptive case-control study.

Eur J Med Res 2019 Feb 13;24(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt 98, Debrecen, 4032, Hungary.

Background: The aim of the present work was to assess systemic hemodynamic changes using PiCCo monitoring in a porcine model of E. coli-induced fulminant sepsis.

Methods: Thirty-one healthy female Hungahib pigs were randomly assigned into control (n = 15) or septic groups (n = 16). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40001-019-0372-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Is Interleukin-6 a better predictor of successful antibiotic therapy than procalcitonin and C-reactive protein? A single center study in critically ill adults.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 13;19(1):150. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Medical Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital of Leipzig, Liebigstraße 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether Interleukin-6 (IL-6) could be a faster indicator of treatment success in adults with severe sepsis and septic shock compared to procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP).

Methods: Data from adult patients with severe sepsis and septic shock managed at the medical intensive care unit (ICU) of the University Hospital Leipzig between September 2009 and January 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Values for CRP, PCT and IL-6 on admission as well as after 24 and 48-72 h were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3800-2DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Effects of deoxynivalenol-feed contamination on circulating LPS in pigs.

Innate Immun 2019 Feb 13:1753425919829552. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1 Institute of Anatomy, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany.

Low concentration of LPS can be detected in healthy mammals without triggering systemic inflammation. Here we analysed the influence of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on very low LPS concentrations and the role of DON in the physiology of pigs challenged with high artificial LPS dosage mimicking septic shock. Pigs were fed for 29 d with DON-contaminated (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753425919829552DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Troponin Testing for Assessing Sepsis-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction in Patients with Septic Shock.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 12;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul 05505, Korea.

(1) Background: Myocardial dysfunction in patients with sepsis is not an uncommon phenomenon, yet reported results are conflicting and there is no objective definition. Measurement of troponin may reflect the state of the heart and may correlate with echocardiographically derived data. This study aimed to evaluate the role of admission and peak troponin-I testing for the identification of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020239DOI Listing
February 2019
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PES Pathogens in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Microorganisms 2019 Feb 12;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona-Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona (UB)-SGR 911-Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias (Ciberes), 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

Worldwide, there is growing concern about the burden of pneumonia. Severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is frequently complicated by pulmonary and extra-pulmonary complications, including sepsis, septic shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and acute cardiac events, resulting in significantly increased intensive care admission rates and mortality rates. (Pneumococcus) remains the most common causative pathogen in CAP. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2607/7/2/49
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7020049DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Fulminant amoebic colitis and septic shock in a returning traveller.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Jan;89(1-2):E50

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14975DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Iatrogenic Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Secondary to Norepinephrine by Continuous Infusion for Shock.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 26;5(7):000894. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Serviço de Medicina 1, Hospital do Espírito Santo Évora EPE, Évora, Portugal.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a condition characterized by transient left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction, with a possible direct causal role of catecholamine in its pathophysiology. We present a case of a woman with shock and adrenal insufficiency in whom Takotsubo cardiomyopathy developed after treatment with norepinephrine. This case confirms the direct causal role of catecholamine in the pathophysiology of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Read More

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https://www.ejcrim.com/index.php/EJCRIM/article/view/894
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346780PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Fatal Septic Shock Associated with Herpes Simplex Virus Hepatitis: A Case Report.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 27;5(12):000982. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Intensive Care Unit, Iris South Hospitals, Brussels, Belgium.

Herpes simplex viruses are endemic worldwide, with an estimated seroprevalence of approximately 70% in developed countries. However, it is less well known that they are one of the viral causes of fulminant hepatitis (<2%) and constitute <1% of all causes of acute liver failure. We describe the case of an 89-year-old man who developed sepsis caused by a urinary tract infection due to drug-sensitive . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000982DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346974PMC
December 2018

Boerhaave Syndrome in an Elderly Man.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 24;5(10):000944. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal.

Boerhaave syndrome is rare, has an non-specific clinical presentation and most commonly develops after persistent vomiting. Septic shock dominates the clinical picture as a result of extensive infection of the mediastinum and pleural and abdominal cavities. The current management of Boerhaave syndrome includes conservative, endoscopic and surgical treatments. Read More

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https://www.ejcrim.com/index.php/EJCRIM/article/view/944
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346888PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Sepsis and septic shock: current approaches to management.

Intern Med J 2019 Feb;49(2):160-170

The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Sepsis, defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection, is recognised by the World Health Organization as a global health priority. Each year, 5000 of the 18 000 adults with sepsis treated in Australian intensive care units die, with survivors suffering long-term physical, cognitive and psychological dysfunction, which is poorly recognised and frequently untreated. There are currently no effective pharmacological treatments for sepsis, making early recognition, resuscitation and immediate treatment with appropriate antibiotics the key to reducing the burden of resulting disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14199DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: Rarity and Severity in an Immunocompetent Adult].

Acta Med Port 2019 Feb 1;32(1):78-80. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Serviço de Medicina Interna. Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro. Vila Real. Portugal.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a rare, aggressive and life-threatening syndrome, characterized by an excessive immune activation. It is triggered by multiple stimuli, with infections having an important role. The most common infectious trigger is viral infection, particularly by Epstein-Barr virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20344/amp.9474DOI Listing
February 2019
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The Systemic Alterations of Lipids, Alanine-Glucose Cycle and Inter-Organ Amino Acid Metabolism in Swine Model Confirms the Role of Liver in Early Phase of Septic Shock.

Front Physiol 2019 28;10:11. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Septic shock is a medical emergency and is one of the main causes of mortality in critically ill patients. Given the pathophysiological complexity of sepsis spectrum and progression in clinical settings, animal models become essential tools to improve patient care, and to understand key mechanisms that may remain masked from the heterogeneity of clinical practice. Our aim was to verify whether the metabolic constellations we previously reported for septic shock patients appear also in our septic shock swine model as systemic markers of early disturbances in energy metabolism and hepatic homeostasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360162PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Systemic Angiopoietin-1/2 Dysregulation in Pediatric Sepsis and Septic Shock.

Int J Med Sci 2019 1;16(2):318-323. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Angiopoietin-1 and -2 are vascular growth factors that exert opposing effects on endothelial activation and dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess the association of these biomarkers with outcomes in children with sepsis. Biomarkers were assayed from the blood collected in an emergency department prior to any intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijms.27731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367536PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome in Sepsis-3: a retrospective study.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 11;19(1):139. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: In the new Sepsis-3 definition, sepsis is defined as "life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection." We tested the predictive validity of the systematic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria in patients in the Sepsis-3 cohort.

Methods: Among 1243 electronic health records from 1 January to 31 December 2015 at Sichuan University West China Hospital, we identified patients with sepsis and septic shock according to the Sepsis-3 definition and divided them into 2 subsets: SIRS-positive and SIRS-negative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3790-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
2.613 Impact Factor

Delayed Antibiotic Therapy and Organ Dysfunction in Critically Ill Septic Patients in the Emergency Department.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 8;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06351, Korea.

Background: We investigated the effect of antibiotic timing on outcomes based on changes in surrogate markers of organ failure, including platelet, serum bilirubin, serum creatinine levels, and the PaO₂/FiO₂ (P/F) ratio.

Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective observational study of critically ill septic patients who presented to the emergency department (ED). The study period extended from August 2008 to September 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020222DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Intra- abdominal sepsis from a perforated duodenal ulcer-Management of a difficult surgical abdomen.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 1;55:171-173. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: Peptic ulcer perforation is a common surgical emergency that is a complication of 9% of patients with peptic ulcer disease (Kjetil et al., 2015 [1]). Despite advances in the management of peptic ulcer disease, the number of acute complications have remained constant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.033DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Fever and renal failure in a 38-year-old woman].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Klinik für Nephrologie, Angiologie, Hypertensiologie und Rheumatologie, KRH Klinikum Siloah, Stadionbrücke 4, 30459, Hannover, Deutschland.

Persistent fever and sepsis require a thorough anamnesis and examination especially in women of childbearing age to determine the presence of implanted devices. We report on a case of a severe septic shock with renal failure in a 38-year-old woman triggered by an infected intrauterine device (IUD). After a symptom-free period of 4 weeks after implantation of the pessary, acute and rapidly progressive nonspecific general symptoms and fever occurred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00063-019-0546-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Global Case-Fatality Rates in Pediatric Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Pediatr 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Importance: The global patterns and distribution of case-fatality rates (CFRs) in pediatric severe sepsis and septic shock remain poorly described.

Objective: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of children with severe sepsis and septic shock to elucidate the patterns of CFRs in developing and developed countries over time. We also described factors associated with CFRs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4839DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Life After 90: Predictors of Mortality and Performance of the ACS-NSQIP Risk Calculator in 4,724 Nonagenarian Patients Undergoing Emergency General Surgery.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: The decision to emergently operate on nonagenarian patients (NONAs) can be complex due to the uncertainty about outcomes and goals of care at this advanced age. We sought to study: 1) the outcomes and predictors of mortality for NONAs undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) and 2) the accuracy of ACS-NSQIP mortality risk calculator in this special population.

Methods: Using the 2007-2015 ACS-NSQIP database, we included all patients older than 90 years of age who underwent an emergent operation with a CPT code for "digestive system". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002219DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Challenges in the management of septic shock: a narrative review.

Intensive Care Med 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

While guidelines provide important information on how to approach a patient in septic shock, "many challenges remain" for the management of these patients. In this narrative review, the panel discusses the challenges in identifying the right hemodynamic target, optimization of fluid therapy, selection of vasopressor agents, identification of patients who may benefit from inotropic agents or on the contrary beta-blockade, and use of steroids. The place for microcirculation-targeted therapy is debated as well as the use of alternative techniques (blood purification) and therapies (vitamin C). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05544-xDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
7.214 Impact Factor

Fever control in critically ill adults. An individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Intensive Care Med 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Purpose: One potential way to protect patients from the physiological demands that are a consequence of fever is to aim to prevent fever and to treat it assiduously when it occurs. Our primary hypothesis was that more active fever management would increase survival among patient subgroups with limited physiological reserves such as older patients, patients with higher illness acuity, and those requiring organ support.

Methods: We conducted an individual-level patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to compare the outcomes of ICU patients who received more active fever management with the outcomes of patients who received less active fever management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05553-wDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The nitric oxide pathway antagonists in septic shock: Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials.

J Crit Care 2019 Jan 22;51:34-38. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

University of Texas Medical Branch, Anesthesiology Department, Galveston 77555, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A case report of community-acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia complicated with MODS in a previously healthy patient and related literature review.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 8;19(1):130. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, Republic of China.

Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an unusual pathogen in community-acquired pneumonia, especially in previously healthy adults, but often indicates poor prognosis.

Case Presentation: We report a previously healthy patient who developed severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by P. aeruginosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3765-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368713PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Necrostatin-1 accelerates time to death in a rat model of cecal ligation and puncture and massively increases hepatocyte caspase-3 cleavage.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Pathophysiology, Guangdong Key Lab of Shock and Microcirculation Research, China.

Necroptosis, a form of regulated necrosis, has been reported to be involved in numerous pathologies, including sepsis. However, a protective effect of the selective inhibitor of necroptosis, necrostatin-1 (Nec-1), against sepsis remains to be confirmed. Animals (rats and mice) were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to mimic clinical sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpgi.00175.2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Fungemia in hematological malignancies: SEIFEM-2015 survey.

Eur J Clin Invest 2019 Feb 8:e13083. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Dipartimento Scienze Radiologiche Radioterapiche ed Ematologiche, Fondazione Policlinico A. Gemelli IRCCS-Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Background: Fungal infections are still a relevant challenge for clinicians involved in the cure of patients with cancer. We retrospectively reviewed charts of hospitalized patients with hematological malignancies (HMs), in which a documented fungemia was diagnosed between January 2011 and December 2015 at 28 adult and 6 pediatric Italian Hematology Departments.

Methods: During the study period we recorded 215 fungal blood stream infections (BSI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eci.13083DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Polymicrobial Bacteremia Involving Klebsiella pneumoniae in Patients with Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections: Frequency, Co-Pathogens, Risk Factors, and Clinical Outcomes.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1 Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae has gained notoriety because of its high antibiotic resistance and mortality. We compared the clinical features and outcomes of polymicrobial bacteremia involving K. pneumoniae (PBKP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/sur.2018.207DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.721 Impact Factor

Extracorporeal blood purification techniques in children with hyper-inflammatory syndromes: a clinical overview.

Minerva Anestesiol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Dialysis Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Data on clinical applications of blood purification techniques in children are scarce. The aim of this review is to offer a clinical overview, as complete as possible, on blood purification in children with hyper-inflammatory syndromes (HS).

Methods: A review of the literature using the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, on the most recent data about blood purification in children was conducted until June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0375-9393.19.13189-6DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Evidence-based interdisciplinary treatment of abdominal sepsis].

Chirurg 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Abdominal sepsis is the most severe form of abdominal infection. It is characterized by a dysregulated host response to infection leading to life-threatening organ failure or septic shock. The latter has a mortality of >40%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-019-0795-6DOI Listing
February 2019
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Correction to: ECMO-treatment in patients with acute lung failure, cardiogenic, and septic shock: mortality and ECMO-learning curve over a 6-year period.

J Intensive Care 2019 31;7. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

1Department of Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, Asklepios Klinik Langen, Röntgenstr 20, 63220 Langen, Germany.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40560-018-0352-2.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40560-019-0362-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354409PMC
January 2019

PICC insertion in the sitting position for a patient with congestive heart failure: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14413

Big Data Center for Integrative Analysis, Gunma University Initiative for Advance Research, Showa, Maebashi, Gunnma, Japan.

Rationale: A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is typically inserted with the patient in the supine position. Here, we placed a PICC in a patient in the sitting position, in order to treat congestive heart failure.

Patient Concerns: A 65-year-old man was diagnosed with end-stage lung cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014413DOI Listing
February 2019
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Central Venous Access Capability and Critical Care Telemedicine Decreases Inter-Hospital Transfer Among Severe Sepsis Patients: A Mixed Methods Design.

Crit Care Med 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA.

Objectives: Severe sepsis is a complex, resource intensive, and potentially lethal condition and rural patients have worse outcomes than urban patients. Early identification and treatment are important to improving outcomes. The objective of this study was to identify hospital-specific factors associated with inter-hospital transfer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003686DOI Listing
February 2019
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New 5-Factor Modified Frailty Index Predicts Morbidity and Mortality in Geriatric Hip Fractures.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Medical University of South Carolina Department of Orthopaedics 96 Jonathan Lucas Dr CSB 708 Charleston, SC 29425.

Introduction: While the 11-factor modified frailty index (mFI-11) has been shown to predict adverse outcomes in elderly patients undergoing surgery for hip fractures, the newer 5-factor index has not been evaluated in this population. The goal of this study is to evaluate the mFI-5 as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients undergoing surgical management for hip fractures.

Methods: The NSQIP database was queried for patients aged 60 years and older who underwent surgical management for hip fractures between 2005-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001455DOI Listing
January 2019
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α-toxin impairs granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor-mediated granulocyte production while triggering septic shock.

Commun Biol 2019 31;2:45. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Yamashiro-cho, Tokushima, 770-8514 Japan.

During bacterial infection, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is produced and accelerates neutrophil production from their progenitors. This process, termed granulopoiesis, strengthens host defense, but α-toxin impairs granulopoiesis via an unknown mechanism. Here, we tested whether G-CSF accounts for the α-toxin-mediated impairment of granulopoiesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0280-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355902PMC
January 2019
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Sepsis: Changing Definitions, Unchanging Treatment.

Front Pediatr 2018 23;6:425. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Critical Care Research Group, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, QLD, Australia.

The recently revised Sepsis-3 definitions were based on criteria that were derived and validated in adult patient databases from high income countries. Both sepsis and septic shock continue to account for a substantial proportion of mortality globally, especially amongst children in low-and-middle income country settings. It is therefore urgent to develop and validate standardized criteria for sepsis that can be applied to pediatric populations in different settings, including in- and outside intensive care, both in high- and low/middle- income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2018.00425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351458PMC
January 2019
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Modulation of the sigma-1 receptor-IRE1 pathway is beneficial in preclinical models of inflammation and sepsis.

Sci Transl Med 2019 Feb;11(478)

Center for Brain Immunology and Glia, Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.

Sepsis is an often deadly complication of infection in which systemic inflammation damages the vasculature, leading to tissue hypoperfusion and multiple organ failure. Currently, the standard of care for sepsis is predominantly supportive, with few therapeutic options available. Because of increased sepsis incidence worldwide, there is an urgent need for discovery of novel therapeutic targets and development of new treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aau5266DOI Listing
February 2019
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The clinical efficacy of intravenous IgM-enriched immunoglobulin (pentaglobin) in sepsis or septic shock: a meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis.

Ann Intensive Care 2019 Feb 6;9(1):27. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Pathology, Affiliated Cancer Hospital & Institute of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510095, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Sepsis is characterized by a complex immune response. This meta-analysis evaluated the clinical effectiveness of intravenous IgM-enriched immunoglobulin (IVIgGM) in patients with sepsis and septic shock.

Methods: Four databases, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, the ISI Web of Knowledge, and Embase, were systematically searched from inception to June 2018 to update the 2013 edition of the Cochrane review by two investigators, who independently selected studies, extracted relevant data, and evaluated study quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13613-019-0501-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Preliminary results of synergy between norepinephrine and terlipressin during septic shock.

Intensive Care Med 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Service d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille, Aix Marseille Université, Chemin des Bourrely, 13015, Marseille, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-018-05514-9DOI Listing
February 2019
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