186,074 results match your criteria Sexually Transmitted Diseases[Journal]


Zika transmission ways, can it be transmitted from person to person?

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):410-413. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital General de Zona No. 71, Departamento de Medicina Interna. Veracruz, Veracruz, México

In this article we describe the main transmission mechanisms of the Zika virus, from those already known, such as zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission of the virus, perinatal, occupational transmission, by blood products and by sexual contact. Given the possibility of person-to-person transmission, some measures of attention are proposed as the necessary studies are advanced to confirm or discard it. Read More

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November 2018

Identifying missed clinical opportunities for the earlier diagnosis of HIV in Australia, a retrospective cohort data linkage study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208323. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Treatment as prevention approaches for HIV require optimal HIV testing strategies to reduce undiagnosed HIV infections. In most settings, HIV testing strategies still result in unacceptably high rates of missed and late diagnoses. This study aimed to identify clinical opportunities for targeted HIV testing in persons at risk to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia; and to assess the duration between the diagnosis of specific conditions and HIV diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Is Sexting Associated with Sexual Behaviors During Adolescence? A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Introduction: A growing body of research has addressed adolescent use of mobile devices to exchange sexually explicit images and messages (sexting). Although there are legal consequences in some states for sexting among adolescents, research findings have also demonstrated associations between sexting and sexual activity. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize research examining the association between adolescent sexting and sexual activity. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men having sex with men in Togo: a national cross-sectional survey.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Département de Santé Publique, Lomé, Togo.

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high HIV and anal cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess HPV, HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) prevalence among Men having Sex with Men (MSM).

Methods: A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM recruited in four Togolese cities based on the respondent-driven sampling method. Read More

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December 2018

Males with More Pheomelanin Have a Lower Oxidative Balance in Asian Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica gutturalis).

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):505-513

2 Department of Chemistry, Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.

Pheomelanin-based plumage pigmentation has been suggested to be an honest signal of individual quality to conspecifics. It has been hypothesized that oxidative stress is an important agent linking pheomelanic pigmentation to individual quality. Using the Asian barn swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis, a wild passerine, we tested whether the pheomelanin pigmentation in the red throat patch of adult males, a sexually selected trait, is associated with the ratio between reduced and oxidized glutathione (RGSH/GSSG) as an indicator of current oxidative balance during the early breeding season. Read More

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December 2018

Risky sexual behavior among adolescents: The role of decision-making, problems from cannabis use and externalizing disorder symptoms.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University , Miami , FL, USA.

Introduction: Previous research has demonstrated that externalizing symptoms, cannabis use problems, and poor decision-making abilities are each independently related to risky sexual behavior (RSB). However, few studies have examined the joint effect of these factors on RSB among a sample of adolescents.

Methods: The current study addresses this gap in the literature by examining how externalizing disorder symptoms, cannabis use, and decision-making abilities interact to predict RSB among a sample of adolescents (n = 204; M = 15. Read More

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December 2018
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Disruption of sex-specific doublesex exons results in male- and female-specific defects in the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon.

Pest Manag Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China.

Background: Doublesex (dsx), the downstream gene in the insect sex determination pathway, is a key regulator of sexually dimorphic development and behavior across a variety of insects. Manipulating the expression of dsx could be a useful method in genetic control of insects. However, information on the sex-specific function of dsx in non-model insects is lacking. Read More

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December 2018
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Optimization strategies for HIV, hepatitis and syphilis testing in Infectious Disease Clinic and Dermatology Unit of Modena: seven-years results of collaboration experience.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico, Modena, Italy.

Background: Screening tests for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis infections performed in at-risk population show a higher number of positive tests compared to those carried out in the general population. "Test & Counselling" Ambulatory of Infectious Disease Clinic (T&C-IDC) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Ambulatory of Dermatology Unit (STDs-DU) of Modena began collaboration in 2010 and adopted a common diagnostic serological profile since 2013.

Objectives: The main objective was to analyse the number of screening tests performed in the T&C-IDC and STDs-DU, comparing the results obtained after the adoption of the shared protocol with the previous period. Read More

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December 2018

[Sexually transmitted infections-current since ancient times].

Authors:
W Bühmann

Urologe A 2018 Dec;57(12):1431-1432

Berufsverband der Deutschen Urologen e. V., Sylt OT Keitum, Deutschland.

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December 2018

Peer-led intervention to prevent and reduce STI transmission and improve sexual health in secondary schools (STASH): protocol for a feasibility study.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 29;4:180. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Top Floor, 200 Renfield St, Glasgow, G2 3AX UK.

Background: Young people in the UK are at highest risk of sexually transmitted infections and report higher levels of unsafe sex than any other age group. Involving peer supporters in intervention delivery is acceptable to students and effective in reducing risk behaviours via 'diffusion of innovation', particularly where peer supporters are influential in their networks. Informal peer-led interventions offer a useful alternative to peer-led didactic teaching, which has shown limited effects. Read More

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November 2018

Young key affected population in Myanmar: are there any challenges in seeking information and care for HIV/sexually transmitted infections and reproductive health?

F1000Res 2018 21;7:1515. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health and Sports, Yangon, 11191, Myanmar.

Unmet needs and barriers in seeking HIV/STI and RH information and care are present especially among young key affected population (YKAP). Therefore, the study was conducted to determine the health seeking behaviors of YKAP regarding HIV/STI and RH, and challenges in seeking health information and care. A cross-sectional, mixed-methods study was conducted at two large cities in Myanmar. Read More

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September 2018

Contraceptive use and the risk of sexually transmitted infection: systematic review and current perspectives.

Open Access J Contracept 2018 12;9:91-112. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Global Health, Population and Nutrition, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA,

Purpose: Evidence on the association between contraceptive use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) is lacking, with few prospective studies. We systematically reviewed the last 10 years' evidence on the association between contraception and STI/BV, building on the most recent systematic reviews published in 2006 and 2009.

Methods: We searched the MEDLINE and POPLINE databases for peer-reviewed articles p ublished between January 1, 2008 and January 31, 2018 reporting prospective studies that assessed the association between contraceptive use and incident STI and/or incident or recurrent BV. Read More

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November 2018

Medullary bone in an Early Cretaceous enantiornithine bird and discussion regarding its identification in fossils.

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 5;9(1):5169. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100044, Beijing, China.

Medullary bone is an ephemeral type of bone tissue, today found only in sexually mature female birds, that provides a calcium reservoir for eggshell formation. The presence of medullary bone-like tissues in extant birds, pterosaurs, and dinosaurs distantly related to birds shows that caution must be exercised before concluding that fossils bear medullary bone. Here we describe a new specimen of pengornithid enantiornithine from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation. Read More

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December 2018
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Use of geosocial networking applications is independently associated with diagnosis of STI among men who have sex with men testing for STIs: findings from the cross-sectional MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015 was an anonymous, self-completed, cross-sectional internet survey assessing sexual behaviours and health needs among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ireland. We explored factors associated with self-reported STI diagnosis among MSM who were sexually active and had an STI test in the previous year.

Methods: We compared the study population (n=1158; 37% of total population), with the sexually active MISI population not testing for STIs (n=1620; 52% of total population). Read More

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December 2018

Results from a cross-sectional sexual and reproductive health study among school girls in Tanzania: high prevalence of bacterial vaginosis.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.

Objectives: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) increases women's susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV and may partly explain the high incidence of STI/HIV among girls and young women in East and southern Africa. The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between BV and sexual debut, to investigate other potential risk factors of BV and to estimate associations between BV and STIs.

Methods: Secondary school girls in Mwanza, aged 17 and 18 years, were invited to join a cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

Household structure and its association with sexual risk behaviours and sexual health outcomes: evidence from a British probability sample survey.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e024255. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Population Research in Sexual Health and HIV, Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: Economic and social changes over the last 20 years have led to changes in the living situations of young people in Britain. A person's home-life context might influence their sexual behaviour, with implications for their sexual healthcare needs; we investigated this hypothesis.

Methods: Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, a probability sample survey undertaken in 2010-2012, interviewed 15 162 men and women aged 16-74 years in Britain (with 3869 aged 16-24 years). Read More

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December 2018

Lifetime Spousal Violence Victimization and Perpetration, Physical Illness, and Health Risk Behaviours among Women in India.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 4;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Research & Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 0727, South Africa.

The aim of this study was to assess the association between lifetime spousal violence victimization, spousal violence perpetration, and physical health outcomes and behaviours among women in India. In the 2015⁻2016 National Family Health Survey, a sample of ever-married women (15⁻49 years) ( = 66,013) were interviewed about spousal violence. Results indicate that 29. Read More

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December 2018

Specificity of plant-plant communication for Baccharis salicifolia sexes but not genotypes.

Ecology 2018 Dec;99(12):2731-2739

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, 92697, California, USA.

Plants are able to adjust their anti-herbivore defenses in response to the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by herbivore-damaged neighbors, and some of these changes increase resistance against subsequent herbivory. This phenomenon of plant-plant communication is thought to be widespread, but recent investigations have cautioned that it can be context dependent, including variation in the strength of communication based on the identity of plants and their associated herbivores. Here, we performed three greenhouse experiments using multiple male and female genotypes of the dioecious woody shrub Baccharis salicifolia and its specialist aphid Uroleucon macolai to test for specificity of plant-plant communication with respect to plant sex and genotype. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of a training aimed at building capacity for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women in Indonesia.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, otterdam, The Netherlands.

Implementers of outreach program in Indonesia often provide formal training for their outreach workers (OWs) only at the startup. We believe continuous training can be provided by experienced OWs at any time if an appropriate training package is available. Using a one-group pre-test-post-test study design; we developed, implemented and evaluated an OW-informed training program aimed at increasing OWs' knowledge and skills for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes toward HIV testing, awareness of HIV campaigns, and using social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages in the age of social media: a qualitative study of young black men.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Health Promotion and Behavior, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, 140 Decatur St., Suite 300, Atlanta, GA. USA.

This study assessed attitudes toward HIV and awareness of previous HIV prevention campaigns among young black men in the United States of America (USA). The study also ascertained the appropriateness of HIV testing messages for young black men and explored the use of social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages for social media marketing campaigns. Nineteen (n = 19) black male college students attending a public university in Atlanta, GA, USA from September 2016 to October 2016 participated in three focus groups. Read More

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December 2018

Lymphoganuloma venereum in the Western world, 15 years after its re-emergence: new perspectives and research priorities.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Infectious Diseases, STI Outpatient Clinic, Public Health Service of Amsterdam.

Purpose Of Review: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a serious sexually transmitted infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. If left untreated LGV can cause irreversible late sequelae. LGV is endemic among a high-risk population of men who have sex with men (MSM), and largely reported in Western metropoles. Read More

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November 2018
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The biofilm in bacterial vaginosis: implications for epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment: 2018 update.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Laboratory for Molecular Genetics, Polymicrobial Infections and Biofilms, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Bacterial vaginosis is conventionally appreciated as a temporary community disturbance of the vaginal microbiota, though really involving self-organization as a resilient biofilm community. We will briefly review here how recent findings on this matter may affect practice and research in this field.

Recent Findings: The rapidly expanding literature base on the vaginal microbiome is largely based on 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) and cpn60 gene sequencing, with few studies accounting thus far for spatial microbiota organization. Read More

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November 2018

New age technology and social media: adolescent psychosocial implications and the need for protective measures.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Northwell Health System, Lake Success, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development. Read More

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November 2018

New treatment recommendations for trichomoniasis in women.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Dec;18(12):1307-1308

National Center for Sexually Transmitted Disease Control, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Institute of Dermatology, Nanjing 210042, China. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Tenofovir 1% vaginal gel for prevention of HIV-1 infection in women in South Africa (FACTS-001): a phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Nov 24;18(11):1241-1250. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Wits RHI, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Young women in southern Africa have substantial risk of HIV acquisition. Female-controlled biomedical interventions are needed to mitigate this risk. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of a pericoitally applied tenofovir 1% gel. Read More

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November 2018

Concerns regarding bias in estimates of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Nov 24;18(11):1180. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing 210042, China; National Center for Sexually Transmitted Disease Control, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

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November 2018

Treatment for pharyngeal gonorrhoea under threat.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Nov 24;18(11):1175-1177. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Pathology Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

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November 2018

Floral scent in a sexually deceptive Ophrys orchid: from headspace collections to solvent extractions.

Plant Signal Behav 2018 Dec 3:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies , University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy.

Sexually deceptive orchid flowers use visual, tactile and olfactory cues of female insects in order to attract males of one or a few closely related species as pollinators. Ophrys L. is the most species-rich genus of sexually deceptive orchids in the Mediterranean Basin. Read More

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December 2018

The Association Between Sexual Behavior and Affect: Moderating Factors in Young Women.

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

d Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital; and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert School of Medicine , Brown University.

Sexual behavior is associated with increased positive affect and decreased negative affect. However, contextual variables such as partner type, behavior type, and condom use may moderate these associations. The goal of the present research was to examine these contextual moderators using monthly longitudinal data from a sample of young women. Read More

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December 2018

Experienced HIV-Related Stigma and Psychological Distress in Peruvian Sexual and Gender Minorities: A Longitudinal Study to Explore Mediating Roles of Internalized HIV-Related Stigma and Coping Styles.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, USA.

Experiencing HIV-related stigma has important impacts on the mental health of people living with HIV, which has implications for treatment adherence, disease progression, and health outcomes. The impacts of stigma are particularly important to consider among sexual and gender minorities, who often face a disproportionate burden of HIV. To address the implications of stigma in these key populations, we leveraged a longitudinal study conducted among Peruvian sexual and gender minorities to compare the relative effects of multiple mediators affecting the relationship between experienced HIV-related stigma and psychological distress: internalized HIV-related stigma, adaptive coping, and maladaptive coping. Read More

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December 2018

Male-inflicted wounds have opposite effects on hair cortisol for captive male and female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) following new group formation.

Primates 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Sexual dimorphism in body size, aggression, and dispersal patterns may affect the degree to which males and females perceive aggression from either sex as stressful. Whereas male macaques typically disperse to new groups at maturity, thus encountering many unfamiliar individuals of both sexes, females are philopatric, usually only encountering unfamiliar males who transfer into their natal groups. In rare circumstances, however, group fusions can expose both males and females to many novel individuals, which often increases aggression. Read More

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November 2018

Adult conjunctivitis secondary to dual infection with and - A case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Mar 14;13:6-8. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK.

Purpose: Although and are the commonest sexually transmitted infections in England, reports of ocular co-infection in the literature are limited. We report such a case which responded well to treatment, and discuss the literature and evidence currently available with regards to management of these cases.

Observations: The patient is a 48-year-old bisexual gentleman who presented to the eye clinic of a UK hospital with redness, discharge and blurred vision in his left eye for one week. Read More

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Plasmid DNA vaccine coding eight repeats of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone induced atrophy of prostate in male mice.

Prostate Int 2018 Dec 12;6(4):151-156. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Background: Prostate hyperplasia and neoplasia are major illness of men and elderly dogs. Treatment of prostate cancer requires androgen deprivation surgery or therapy to prevent metastases and alleviate pain. Recently, six DNA vaccines have entered clinical trials against prostate cancer in humans with limited success. Read More

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December 2018
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Bystander Intervention to Prevent Sexual Violence: The Overlooked Role of Bystander Alcohol Intoxication.

Psychol Violence 2018 Sep 19;8(5):639-647. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Objectives: Bystander training is a promising form of sexual violence (SV) prevention that has proliferated in recent years. Though alcohol commonly accompanies SV, there has been little consideration of the potential impact of alcohol intoxication on SV prevention. The aims of this commentary are to provide an integrative framework for understanding the proximal effect of alcohol on SV intervention, provide recommendations to spark novel research, and guide the application of research to bystander programming efforts. Read More

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September 2018

Syphilis as an atypical cause of perianal fissure.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;2018(11):rjy320. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

General Surgery Department, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia.

We present the case of a 29-year-old woman who attended a surgical outpatient clinic with symptoms of perianal fissure due to syphilitic infection. This uncommon aetiology of a common condition is often alluded to in textbooks, but little information exists in the scientific literature regarding the pathogenesis, presentation and treatment of fissure-in-ano secondary to syphilis. We present the case and an overview of the topic aimed at surgeons and clinicians who manage patients with perianal pathology. Read More

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November 2018
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Sexually transmitted infections among young men who have sex with men: Experiences with diagnosis, treatment, and reinfection.

Sex Res Social Policy 2018 Jun 11;15(2):172-182. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Medical Social Sciences, Chicago, IL.

Despite high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), little is known about their experiences with diagnosis, treatment, and reinfection. To fill this gap, we interviewed 17 YMSM ages 18-29 who participated in an online HIV prevention trial and tested positive for STIs at both the baseline and three-month follow-up assessments. Participants were asked about their reactions to testing positive, experiences with treatment, disclosure to partners, and changes in thinking and behavior. Read More

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Sleep disorders in patients with psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis.

Reumatologia 2018 31;56(5):301-306. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Clinical Immunology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury, Poland.

Objectives: To assess and measure occurrence of sleep disorders in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis (Ps).

Material And Methods: The study included 62 patients with psoriatic arthritis and 52 patients with psoriasis. The measurement of sleep quality was conducted using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the evaluation of fatigue by the fatigue subscale of the FACIT-F questionnaire and the patient's quality of life by the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Read More

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October 2018

Disease Pattern among Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic Attendees: A Hospital-Based Study.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):502-505

Department of Pediatrics, Base Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have a definite role in the facilitation of HIV infection, which, in turn, also increases susceptibility to other STIs. Further, the social stigma and secrecy surrounding STIs create difficulty in estimating its true incidence and prevalence.

Objective: The objective of this study was to know the pattern of diseases including different clinical presentations and final diagnosis among the STI clinic attendees. Read More

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December 2018

Etiology of Vaginal/Cervical Discharge Syndrome: Analysis of Data from a Referral Laboratory in Eastern India.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):484-489

Department of VD Serology and Department of STD, Institute of Serology, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Context: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and reproductive tract infections (RTIs) constitute important public health problem worldwide. Syndromic diagnosis of vaginal/cervical discharge (VCD) is often inaccurate leading to over- or under-treatment.

Aims: This study aimed to ascertain the laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of VCD and their relative frequency in a group of patients presenting to a STI clinic in eastern India and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of clinical diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2 in Herpes Genitalis: A Polymerase Chain Reaction-Based Study from Kerala.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):475-478

National Institute of Virology, Kerala Unit, Palakkad, Kerala, India.

Background: Herpes genitalis is an ulcerating sexually transmitted infection, the clinical importance of which lies in its ability to produce painful and recurrent disease in addition to its potential role as a cofactor in acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. In recent years, there are increasing reports of genital herpes due to herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 from various parts of the world. Molecular diagnostic methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have got both diagnostic and prognostic significance in genital herpes. Read More

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December 2018

Stigma Associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections among Patients Attending Suraksha Clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northern India.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):469-474

Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Context: Illnesses affecting sexual organs and its correlation with improper sexual behavior lead to a negative attitude and discriminating behavior towards people affected by such disorders.

Aim: The aim was to study the stigma associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among patients attending Suraksha clinic at a tertiary care hospital in northern India.

Settings And Design: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

A high throughput bead-based affinity assay enables analysis of genital protein signatures in women at risk of HIV infection.

Mol Cell Proteomics 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

Women at high risk of HIV infection, including sex workers and those with active genital inflammation, have molecular signatures of immune activation and epithelial barrier remodeling in samples of their genital mucosa. These alterations in the local immunological milieu are likely to impact HIV susceptibility. We here analyze host genital protein signatures in HIV uninfected women, with high frequency of condom use, living in HIV-serodiscordant relationships. Read More

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November 2018
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Expression pattern of nanos, piwil, dnd, vasa and pum genes during ontogenic development in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus.

Gene 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute of Aquaculture, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, UK. Electronic address:

Primordial germ cells (PGCs) are specified by maternally provided determinants in fish. PGCs migrate then into prospective gonadal sites during early development and give rise to germ cell lineage. PGC disrupted animals do not sexually mature which has a range of commercial as well as environmental benefits. Read More

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November 2018

Acquisition of tenofovir-susceptible, emtricitabine-resistant HIV despite high adherence to daily pre-exposure prophylaxis: a case report.

Lancet HIV 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of HIV, Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is highly protective against HIV infection. We report a case of tenofovir-susceptible, emtricitabine-resistant HIV acquisition despite high adherence to daily PrEP.

Methods: Adherence to PrEP was assessed by measuring concentrations of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or their metabolites in plasma, dried blood spots, and hair. Read More

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November 2018

Melarsomine hydrochloride (Cymelarsan) fails to cure horses with Trypanosoma equiperdum OVI parasites in their cerebrospinal fluid.

Vet Parasitol 2018 Dec 9;264:47-51. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

ANSES, Dozulé Laboratory for Equine Diseases, Bacteriology Unit, 14430, Goustranville, France.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of melarsomine hydrochloride (Cymelarsan) to cure horses suffering from a nervous form of dourine, a sexually-transmitted disease caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum. The recently described experimental model for assessing drug efficacy against horse trypanosomosis allowed us to obtain eight horses (Welsh pony mares) infected by T. equiperdum with parasites in their cerebrospinal fluid. Read More

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December 2018

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Saudi women regarding cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) and corresponding vaccine.

Vaccine 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Public and Environmental Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Aim: To our knowledge there are no studies exploring Saudi women's understanding of the importance of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. In the present study, we examined the awareness of HPV and women's attitudes toward the HPV vaccine.

Method: Nine focus groups were formed in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia, including 77 women between the ages of 18 and 45 years old. Read More

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November 2018