144,781 results match your criteria Sexuality and Disability[Journal]


Moving Beyond Role-Play: Evaluating the Use of Virtual Reality to Teach Emotion Regulation for the Prevention of Adolescent Risk Behavior Within a Randomized Pilot Trial.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/Rhode Island Hospital and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Objective: The purpose of the current pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and preliminary impact of using immersive virtual reality environments (IVREs) paired with a brief emotion regulation and risk reduction intervention (ER + IVRE) relative to this same intervention content paired with role-plays (ER + RP).

Methods: Eighty-five adolescents attending middle school (grades 6th-8th; ages 12-15 years) in an urban northeast city were recruited and randomized to ER + IVRE (n = 44) or ER + RP (n = 41) and had complete data. Data examining acceptability, feasibility, sexual knowledge and attitudes, and ER were collected at baseline and 3 months after intervention completion. Read More

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December 2018

Sexuality, a topic that surgeons should discuss with women before risk-reducing mastectomy and breast reconstruction.

Breast 2018 Dec 6;43:120-122. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, the Netherlands.

While sexual health is an important aspect of quality of life, sexual issues usually go unaddressed during patient-provider communication. Breast cancer treatments and specifically breast surgery impact women's sexual well-being. However, women do not receive adequate information on this subject. Read More

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December 2018

Development and initial validation of the Positive Sexuality Scale for female adults.

Authors:
Giulia Casu

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Aim And Objectives: To develop and initially validate the Positive Sexuality Scale (PSS) to assess adult female positive sexuality.

Background: While traditional approaches focus on negative sexual experiences and sexual dysfunctions, within the positive psychology framework positive sexuality is a subjective experience of happiness and fulfillment with one's sexual expression, which contributes to well-being. No measure exists that specifically measures adult female positive sexuality and can be confidently used with women of any fertility/childlessness status. Read More

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December 2018
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Is developmental change in gender-typed behavior associated with adult sexual orientation?

Dev Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Carolina Population Center, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

The goal of this article was to examine gender-typed behavior longitudinally and to consider its relationship with sexual orientation in adulthood. Data were from 10,624 respondents who completed Wave 1 (adolescence), Wave 3 (emerging adulthood), and Wave 4 (early adulthood) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. First, we described the distributions of gender-typed behavior by adult sexual orientation at each of the three developmental stages. Read More

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December 2018
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Social cues affect quantitative genetic variation and covariation in animal personality traits.

Evolution 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley.

The social environment is expected to have substantial effects on behavior, and as a consequence its heritability and evolvability. We investigated these effects by exposing Australian field crickets (Teleogryllus oceanicus) to either silence or recordings of male acoustic sexual signals. We used a combined pedigree and full-sib/half-sib breeding design to estimate the repeatability, heritability, and evolvability of behaviors related to boldness, exploration, and activity. Read More

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December 2018

Ecological differentiation facilitates fine-scale coexistence of sexual and asexual Boechera.

Am J Bot 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biology, Duke University, Box 90338, Durham, North Carolina, 27708, USA.

Premise Of The Study: Ecological differentiation (ED) between sexual and asexual organisms may permit the maintenance of reproductive polymorphism. Several studies of sexual/asexual ED in plants have shown that the geographic ranges of asexuals extend beyond those of sexuals, often in areas of higher latitude or elevation. But very little is known about ED at fine scales, wherein coexistence of sexuals and asexuals may be permitted by differential niche occupation. Read More

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December 2018

Pursuing Social Justice through Public Health: Gender and Sexual Diversity Activism in Malawi.

Crit Afr Stud 2017 15;9(1):71-90. Epub 2017 Feb 15.

The Center for Medicine, Health, and Society, Vanderbilt University, PMB #351665, 2301 Vanderbilt Pl., Nashville, TN 37235-1665 USA, Telephone: +1-615-322-0718.

African lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ) organizations face various strategic dilemmas in contexts characterized by political hostility to gender and sexual dissidents. In Malawi, one such context, we examine how an LGBTIQ social movement organization (SMO) in Malawi, the Centre for the Development of People (CEDEP), navigated one particular strategic dilemma-the dilemma of whether to adopt a less politicized public-health approach or a more nimble, grassroots-oriented, and social-justice approach to their advocacy work-and the consequences of the organization's strategic decisions. Scholars interpret these approaches as signifying differential political engagement among organizations, with the social-justice approach indicating political engagement and the public-health approach signaling political disengagement. Read More

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February 2017

Dangerous Politics and Sex Research: The Example of "Penis-gate 2011".

Authors:
Christian Grov

Sex Res Social Policy 2012 Jun 23;9(2):95-98. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center of CUNY. The Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training (CHEST).

In summer 2011, a conservative lobby group released an inaccurate statement decrying the National Institutes for Health for allegedly funding four research studies the group deemed "bizarre." Two of these studies explicitly involved sexuality research. This paper responds to the allegations around one of the studies and describes the subsequent media firestorm generated as a result of the lobby group's report. Read More

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Skewed sex ratios and female homosexual activity in Japanese macaques: An experimental analysis.

Primates 2000 Jan;41(1):17-25

Départment d'anthropologie, Université de Montréal, H3C 3J7, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In this paper we present the results of a behavioral experiment conducted to test whether homosexual consortships and sexual solicitations among female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) increase in the context of operational sex ratios that are heavily skewed towards females. The study involved a baseline period of observation on an intact social group which had a female-biased sex ratio typical of this species. During the experimental period which followed, we created a sub-group with an operational sex ratio that was heavily skewed towards females. Read More

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January 2000

Effects of Migration on Risky Sexual Behavior and HIV Acquisition in South Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, 2000-2017.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Africa Health Research Institute, K-RITH Tower Building, 719 Umbilo Road, Congella, Private Bag X7, Durban, South Africa.

While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a systematic review of the role of migration in HIV risk acquisition and sexual behaviour based on 29 studies published between 2000 and 2017. Furthermore, we performed a meta-analysis of the association between migration and HIV risk acquisition in four of the studies that used HIV incidence as an outcome measure. Read More

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December 2018

Piper auritum Kunth (Piperaceae) improves the sexual performance of sluggish male rats through enhancing ejaculation.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Oct 26;231:453-463. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Laboratorio de Farmacología Conductual, Dirección de Investigaciones en Neurociencias, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Calzada México-Xochimilco 101, Col. San Lorenzo Huipulco, Tlalpan, 14370 Ciudad de México, Mexico. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Piper auritum Kunth is employed as an aphrodisiac in the traditional medicine, but corroborative evidence for such effect is scarce.

Aim Of The Study: The pro-sexual effect of an aqueous extract of P. auritum and its possible mechanisms were analyzed in two paradigms of male sexual function. Read More

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October 2018

Using the health belief model to predict those seeking treatment for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder among premenopausal women.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;57(6):791-795

Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) was the most common subtype of female sexual dysfunction; however, little was known about why Chinese women with HSDD were willing to seek medical help. This study aimed to identify predictive factors of seeking treatment for HSDD.

Materials And Methods: 260 outpatient premenopausal women who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for HSDD for at least 6 months were recruited. Read More

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December 2018

Identifying MSM-competent physicians in China: a national online cross-sectional survey among physicians who see male HIV/STI patients.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 13;18(1):964. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Shenzhen Nanshan Center for Chronic Disease Control, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and sexually transmitted infection (STI) in China. Inadequate clinical services and poor clinical competency among physicians are major barriers to improving the sexual health of MSM. This study aims to understand physician clinical competency in providing MSM health services in China. Read More

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December 2018

Why do breast cancer survivors decline a couple-based intimacy enhancement intervention trial?

Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Recruitment challenges hinder behavioral intervention research in cancer survivors. The purpose was to examine the reasons for declining and intervention preferences of study-eligible breast cancer survivors declining a trial of a four-session couple-based Intimacy Enhancement intervention (refusers) and explore whether refusers differed from participants on key characteristics. Partnered, post-treatment breast cancer survivors reporting sexual concerns who were eligible for but declined participation in the intervention trial were approached to complete a standardized 5-min telephone survey assessing reasons for declining and support preferences. Read More

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December 2018

A Response to Pirutinsky's (2018) Religion and Compulsive Sexuality.

Authors:
Yaniv Efrati

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 13:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

a Faculty of Education and Society and Culture , Beit-Berl Collage , Kfar Saba , Israel.

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December 2018

Disgust, stigma, and the politics of abortion.

Authors:
Anuradha Kumar

Fem Psychol 2018 Nov 19;28(4):530-538. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Ipas, USA.

Despite the growing body of research on the emotion of disgust - including its relationship to political ideology, moral judgment, matters of sex and sexuality, and death - the global reproductive rights movement has paid relatively little attention to the role disgust plays in the debate over abortion. By focusing on the right of a woman to make her own decision about an unwanted pregnancy, the pro-choice community has allowed anti-choice groups to define and frame the abortion procedure, abortion providers, and women who have abortions in terms associated with disgust. This commentary encourages further examination of what triggers disgust, its measurement, and ways of mitigating it, which could be useful for reducing abortion stigma, in future legal cases and in abortion research, advocacy, and communications. Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence and determinants of unprotected sex in intimate partnerships of men who inject drugs: findings from a prospective intervention study.

Int J STD AIDS 2018 Dec 12:956462418802142. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Unprotected sex, common among people who inject drugs, puts them and their partners at risk of sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This analysis assesses the changes in sexual risk behavior with regular female partners (RFPs), among married men who inject drugs, before and after implementation of a HIV prevention intervention, and identifies correlates of unprotected sex. People who inject drugs (PWID) were assessed at three points: baseline, preintervention follow-up visit (FV)1, and postintervention FV2. Read More

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December 2018

Longitudinal HIV Transmission Risk Profiles Among Men Who Have Sex With Men Living With HIV in the SUN Study.

Am J Mens Health 2018 Dec 12:1557988318818283. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, USA.

Examining how multiple concomitant factors interact to augment HIV transmission risk is needed to inform more effective primary and secondary HIV prevention programs for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. The development of a "taxonomy" of long-term sexual and drug-related risk behavior profiles may have important implications for resource allocation and targeted HIV prevention programming. A secondary data analysis was conducted to explore longitudinal HIV transmission risk profiles among 423 MSM living with HIV enrolled in the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV and AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapy (SUN Study). Read More

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December 2018

Discussing sexuality in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery: a national survey of current practice in the Netherlands.

Eur J Plast Surg 2018 18;41(6):707-714. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

1Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, VU University Medical Center, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Patient-reported outcomes have become increasingly important to assess the value of surgical procedures. Sexual function is a proven important constituent of quality of life, but is often overlooked by health care professionals. We aim to investigate to what extent plastic surgeons address or discuss issues concerning sexuality with their patients, and if there is a need for improvement. Read More

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Relationships Among Sexual Identity, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Behavior: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults in the United States.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Sexual orientation is a multi-dimensional concept, at a minimum comprised of sexual identity, sexual attraction, and sexual behavior. Our study aimed to assess relationships among self-identified sexual identity, sexual attraction, and sexual behaviors in a probability sample of adults in the U.S. Read More

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December 2018

Degree of Planning of Sexual Intercourse Among Men From China, Japan, and Taiwan Taking Medication for Erectile Dysfunction: Findings of an Observational, Cross-Sectional Survey.

Sex Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA.

Introduction: Management of erectile dysfunction (ED) is beset with assumptions around spontaneity of sexual intercourse, requiring candor between the physician and patient if appropriate treatment is to be implemented.

Aim: To evaluate the degree to which men who take ED medications plan for and have sex.

Methods: Men from China, Japan, and Taiwan aged 40-70 years who had taken ED medications within the past 3 months were invited to participate anonymously in an online, self-administered survey that enquired about frequency and advance planning of sex, time between taking ED medication and intercourse, and treatment satisfaction. Read More

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December 2018

A longitudinal study of the relationship between intimate partner violence and postpartum unsafe sex among newly diagnosed HIV-infected South African women.

AIDS Care 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Health Behavior , Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , NC , USA.

HIV-positive women who engage in postpartum unsafe sex are at risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI), unintended pregnancy, and secondary transmission of HIV to uninfected partners. One factor that may increase risk for postpartum unsafe sex among HIV-positive women is intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization; few studies, however, have examined this association. This longitudinal study examined whether patterns of psychological, physical, and sexual IPV, assessed during pregnancy, predicted unsafe sex at 14 weeks postpartum among South African women diagnosed as HIV-positive during pregnancy (n = 561). Read More

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December 2018

[Status and associated factors of rush poppers use among newly-diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Wuhan, 2016].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;52(12):1287-1289

Department of HIV/AIDS Prenvention, Wuhan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan 430015, China.

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December 2018

[Confirmatory process and follow-up of 1 case with long-term HIV infection in Shandong].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;52(12):1259-1263

Department of AIDS Prevention and Control, Shandong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan 250014, China.

To describe the confirmation process and long-term follow-up results of 1 case of HIV with long term progression. The subject was a HIV infected man aged 27 years old. The first HIV antibody positive was detected by ELISA in August 7(th), 2013. Read More

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December 2018

[Estimating HIV incidence among female sex workers and injection drug users in Dehong Prefecture, 2009-2017].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;52(12):1243-1247

School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To obtain HIV incidence among injection drug users (IDU) and female sex workers (FSW) in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan Province during 2009-2017. We recruited drug users and female sex workers from all sentinel surveillance sites across Dehong Prefecture during 2009-2017. A total of 10 480 IDU and 18 126 FSW in Dehong Prefecture were recruited by fingerprint technique. Read More

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December 2018

[Analysis on influencing factors of unprotected sexual behavior among men who have sex with men based on structural equation model].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;52(12):1225-1228

Institute of Health Research, Teaching and Research Section of Social Medicine, School of Sociology& Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China.

To analyze the influencing factors and mechanism for unprotected sexual behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. MSM who are more than 16 years old and have had homosexual sexual behaviors in recent years were recruited from five cities (Tianjin, Harbin, Nanjing, Chongqing and Xi'an) with active MSM population during 2013-2014 through network, site recruitment and peer recommendation using convenient sampling method. 3 519 subjects were included in this study. Read More

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December 2018

Religion and Compulsive Sexuality: A Response to Efrati's (2018) God, I Can't Stop Thinking about Sex!

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 12:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Graduate School of Social Work , Touro College.

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December 2018

Early childhood maltreatment experience and later sexual behavior in Brazilian adults undergoing treatment for substance dependence.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Psiquiatria,Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of early childhood maltreatment and associations with later sexual behavior among adult substance users.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled 134 substance dependents who sought outpatient care in São Paulo, Brazil. Childhood trauma prevalence was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Read More

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December 2018

Nativity Homogeneity in Social Networks and Prostitution Patronage Among Male Migrant Laborers.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Previous studies have repeatedly found the association between network homogeneity based on native-place and sexual risk behaviors among migrants. However, it remains unclear why such a simple numerical property of network composition can be correlated with a sexual risk behavior. Using a dataset (n = 1591) with detailed information on the sexual behaviors among male migrant laborers in the two Chinese provinces with the highest migrant inflows, we confirmed network homogeneity is significantly associated with prostitution patronage. Read More

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December 2018

Mediating Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Perceived Social Support and HIV Disclosure: Assessing Moderation by Sex.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Mental Health Law and Policy, College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

People living with HIV may decide to disclose their HIV-positive status after considering the benefits and costs. Studies have shown associations between perceived social support, depressive symptoms and HIV disclosure among men and women; however, research assessing the mediating pathway among these variables and the associated disparities by sex are lacking. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the association between perceived social support from family and friends and HIV disclosure to sexual partners; assess the mediating effects of depressive symptoms; and examine the disparities by sex. Read More

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December 2018

Neuronal nitric oxide synthase activity mediates Lycium barbarum polysaccharides-enhanced sexual performance without stimulating noncontact erection in rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Hung Kuang University, No. 1018, Sec. 6, Taiwan Boulevard, Shalu District, Taichung, 43302, Taiwan.

Rationale: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is known to promote reproductive functions. However, its role in noncontact erection (NCE) of penis initiated by brain regions including medial preoptic area (MPOA) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) regions responsible for sexual behavior has not been investigated.

Objectives: Therefore, this study initially investigated the effects of LBP on male sexual function, and subsequently, the mechanistic insight was investigated through assessing the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the MPOA and PVN. Read More

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December 2018

Sexuality and intimacy in ALS: systematic literature review and future perspectives.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurology and Laboratory of Neuroscience, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

Several features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impact on sexuality and intimate relationship; however, the issue has received poor attention so far. We performed a systematic literature review in order to provide an up-to-date account of sexuality in ALS. References were identified by searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO (1970-2017, English literature). Read More

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December 2018

Characterizing HIV risk among cisgender men in Latin America who report transgender women as sexual partners: HIV risk in Latin America men.

Int J STD AIDS 2018 Dec 11:956462418802687. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Cisgender men (CM) who report transgender women (TW) as sexual partners are an understudied population in the HIV epidemic in Latin America. The current study sought to characterize this group in a 2012 cross-sectional online survey of Latin American CM who were members of a sexual networking website for men who have sex with men (N = 11,847). Multivariable logistic regression models were fit to estimate demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates of having a TW sexual partner and engaging in condomless sex. Read More

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December 2018

A Bad Romance: Sexting Motivations and Teen Dating Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 10:886260518817037. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

1 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Sexting has been commonly defined as the sharing of sexually suggestive content via new technologies. The relationship between sexting motivations and both online and offline aggressive behaviors (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

A Qualitative Exploration of LGBTQ+ and Intersecting Identities Within Physical Activity Contexts.

J Sport Exerc Psychol 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 McGill University.

LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc.) individuals face an array of challenges to physical activity participation, such as discrimination and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in physical activity. Read More

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December 2018

Abuse disclosures of youth with problem sexualized behaviors and trauma symptomology.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:201-211. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States; The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The majority of youth with problem sexualized behaviors (PSB) have substantiated experiences of abuse or exposures to violence (Silovsky & Niec, 2002). Little is known about specific abuse experiences that may differentiate youth with PSB from those without. Few studies have examined the types of abuse associated with post-traumatic stress symptomology. Read More

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December 2018
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Sexuality Education in Schools.

Authors:

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 7;40(12):731-732. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

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December 2018

Nucleus accumbens dopamine increases sexual motivation in sexually satiated male rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Departamento de Farmacobiologia, Cinvestav Sede Sur, Calzada de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas Coapa, Ciudad de México, 14330, México.

Rationale: The influence of the main dopaminergic brain regions controlling copulation, the medial preoptic area (mPOA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), on male rat sexual behavior expression has not been fully established.

Objective: This work analyzes the sexual effects of dopamine (DA) receptor activation in the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually active male rats, with an intact (sexually experienced) or a reduced (sexually exhausted) sexual motivation.

Methods: The non-specific DA receptor agonist apomorphine and the D2-like receptor agonist quinpirole were infused into the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually experienced or sexually exhausted male rats and their sexual behavior recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Grob Special Issue: Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis Meet at a Mental Hospital: An Early Institutional History.

Authors:
Naoko Wake

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Psychoanalysis and homosexuality in the United States were both largely in flux between 1910 and 1935. This article sheds light on this unique historical moment by first exploring scholarly discussions of the era's psychoanalysis and homosexuality, both of which emphasized the transitional nature of therapy and sexuality. By putting two bodies of scholarship into conversation, I also suggest how the historiography might move beyond two oft-cited arguments-that the psychoanalysis of the era had the power to form a person's sexual identity negatively, and that sexual minorities formed their identities affirmatively by staying away from medical interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of selected quality of life domains in patients who have undergone conservative or radical surgical treatment for penile cancer: an observational study.

Sex Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Surgery is the standard treatment for organ-restricted penile cancer, but it is also a disfiguring procedure that can profoundly affect quality of life. Using a survey, in this study we assessed the effect of different surgical invasiveness on satisfaction in selected life domains of patients who underwent penile-sparing surgery and partial penectomy. Forty patients who underwent penile-sparing surgery (n=13) or partial penectomy (n=27) were enrolled in the study. Read More

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December 2018
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National Trends and Reported Risk Factors Among Pregnant Women With Syphilis in the United States, 2012-2016.

Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

CDC Foundation and the Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Objective: To describe recent syphilis trends among pregnant women and to evaluate the prevalence of reported high-risk behaviors in this population.

Methods: We analyzed U.S. Read More

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December 2018

Sexually transmitted infections and travel.

Authors:
Karen E Rogstad

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

HIV and Sexual Health Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and Associate Director of Student Affairs, University of Sheffield School of Medicine, Sheffield, UK.

Purpose Of Review: The present review considers recent evidence on travel-associated sexual intercourse and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risks and travel with regards to risk behavior and implications of travel on communities. It highlights the lack of research in this area and topics for consideration.

Recent Findings: A population-based study, and others, shows significant levels of sex abroad and risk behavior with inconsistent condom use despite increasing travel advice about risks. Read More

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December 2018

Vulnerable Periods: Characterizing Patterns of Sexual Risk and Substance Use During Lapses in Adherence to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis among Men who have Sex with Men.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA.

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly efficacious, but some groups of men who have sex with men (MSM) may have difficulty adhering to daily dosing. Prevention-effective adherence suggests that PrEP's efficacy depends on adherence at the time of HIV exposure, yet few studies have examined how exposures (i.e. Read More

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November 2018

Does incident circumcision lead to risk compensation? Evidence from a population cohort in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Africa Health Research Institute, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Voluntary medical male circumcision reduces men's risk of HIV acquisition and may thus increase HIV risk-related sexual behaviors through risk compensation. We analyze longitudinal data from one of Africa's largest population cohorts using fixed effects panel estimation to measure the effect of incident circumcision on sexual behaviors.

Setting: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Read More

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November 2018

Genital morphology and copulatory behavior in triatomine bugs (Reduviidae: Triatominae).

Arthropod Struct Dev 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

CONACYT-Centro de Investigación Sobre Enfermedades Infecciosas, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Avenida Universidad 655, Col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera, 62100, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. Electronic address:

Triatomines (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) include around 139 species, widely known as vectors of Chagas disease. Our aim is to review the existing knowledge of the genital morphology and sexual behavior and provide some functional analysis of these traits in triatomines. A complex set of traits comprise genitalia and these are highly variable among species. Read More

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December 2018

Copulation-induced antinociception in female rats is blocked by atosiban, an oxytocin receptor antagonist.

Horm Behav 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, 101 Warren St., Newark, NJ 07102, USA.

Aims: We hypothesized that copulation-induced temporary anti-nociception in female rats is mediated by the activation of central and/or peripheral oxytocin receptors. To test this hypothesis, we assessed the effects of intraperitoneal (ip), intrathecal (it), and intra-cerebroventricular (icv) administration of an oxytocin receptor antagonist (atosiban), on copulation-induced temporary anti-nociception in estrous rats.

Main Methods: The treatment groups were ovariectomized rats pre-treated subcutaneously (sc) with 10 μg of estradiol benzoate (EB) followed 24 h later by an sc injection of 5 μg EB, and 4 h later, by an sc injection of 2 mg progesterone (P4). Read More

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December 2018

Criminalising sexuality or preventing child marriage: legal interventions and girls' empowerment.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

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December 2018