144,552 results match your criteria Sexuality and Disability


Risky sexual behavior among adolescents: The role of decision-making, problems from cannabis use and externalizing disorder symptoms.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University , Miami , FL, USA.

Introduction: Previous research has demonstrated that externalizing symptoms, cannabis use problems, and poor decision-making abilities are each independently related to risky sexual behavior (RSB). However, few studies have examined the joint effect of these factors on RSB among a sample of adolescents.

Methods: The current study addresses this gap in the literature by examining how externalizing disorder symptoms, cannabis use, and decision-making abilities interact to predict RSB among a sample of adolescents (n = 204; M = 15. Read More

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December 2018

Contraceptive use and the risk of sexually transmitted infection: systematic review and current perspectives.

Open Access J Contracept 2018 12;9:91-112. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Global Health, Population and Nutrition, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA,

Purpose: Evidence on the association between contraceptive use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) is lacking, with few prospective studies. We systematically reviewed the last 10 years' evidence on the association between contraception and STI/BV, building on the most recent systematic reviews published in 2006 and 2009.

Methods: We searched the MEDLINE and POPLINE databases for peer-reviewed articles p ublished between January 1, 2008 and January 31, 2018 reporting prospective studies that assessed the association between contraceptive use and incident STI and/or incident or recurrent BV. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluation of sexual function in Brazilian women with and without chronic pelvic pain.

J Pain Res 2018 8;11:2761-2767. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate sexual function in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) compared to a control group without CPP and to investigate the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in women with CPP.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 100 women with CPP and 100 controls. Sexual function was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and depression and anxiety using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Read More

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November 2018

Evaluation of a training aimed at building capacity for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women in Indonesia.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, otterdam, The Netherlands.

Implementers of outreach program in Indonesia often provide formal training for their outreach workers (OWs) only at the startup. We believe continuous training can be provided by experienced OWs at any time if an appropriate training package is available. Using a one-group pre-test-post-test study design; we developed, implemented and evaluated an OW-informed training program aimed at increasing OWs' knowledge and skills for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes toward HIV testing, awareness of HIV campaigns, and using social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages in the age of social media: a qualitative study of young black men.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Health Promotion and Behavior, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, 140 Decatur St., Suite 300, Atlanta, GA. USA.

This study assessed attitudes toward HIV and awareness of previous HIV prevention campaigns among young black men in the United States of America (USA). The study also ascertained the appropriateness of HIV testing messages for young black men and explored the use of social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages for social media marketing campaigns. Nineteen (n = 19) black male college students attending a public university in Atlanta, GA, USA from September 2016 to October 2016 participated in three focus groups. Read More

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December 2018

New age technology and social media: adolescent psychosocial implications and the need for protective measures.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Northwell Health System, Lake Success, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development. Read More

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November 2018

The Association Between Sexual Behavior and Affect: Moderating Factors in Young Women.

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

d Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital; and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert School of Medicine , Brown University.

Sexual behavior is associated with increased positive affect and decreased negative affect. However, contextual variables such as partner type, behavior type, and condom use may moderate these associations. The goal of the present research was to examine these contextual moderators using monthly longitudinal data from a sample of young women. Read More

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December 2018

Transgender Identities, Pressures, and Social Policy: A Study Carried Out in Spain.

J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

c Department of Behavioral & Social Sciences , University of Huddersfield , Huddersfield , UK.

This article draws on a qualitative research project concerning the relationship between trans people's mental health and wellbeing, pressures, social policy, and heteronormative gender norms in Spain. Drawing on interviews carried out with trans people from all regions and generations, we use an ecological framework to illustrate how a socially entrenched heteronormativity pressures trans people to comply with gender norms that impact negatively their mental health and wellbeing. The article argues that the legal changes in Spain are not enough in themselves to bring about social change, but, rather, Spanish social policy makers also need to challenge gender categorization and work toward transforming public discourses on gender issues if trans people are to gain full social recognition and equal social rights. Read More

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December 2018

Experienced HIV-Related Stigma and Psychological Distress in Peruvian Sexual and Gender Minorities: A Longitudinal Study to Explore Mediating Roles of Internalized HIV-Related Stigma and Coping Styles.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, USA.

Experiencing HIV-related stigma has important impacts on the mental health of people living with HIV, which has implications for treatment adherence, disease progression, and health outcomes. The impacts of stigma are particularly important to consider among sexual and gender minorities, who often face a disproportionate burden of HIV. To address the implications of stigma in these key populations, we leveraged a longitudinal study conducted among Peruvian sexual and gender minorities to compare the relative effects of multiple mediators affecting the relationship between experienced HIV-related stigma and psychological distress: internalized HIV-related stigma, adaptive coping, and maladaptive coping. Read More

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December 2018

Venue-Based HIV-Testing: An Effective Screening Strategy for High-Risk Populations in Lima, Peru.

AIDS Behav 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, 10833 Le Conte Ave, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Venue-based testing may improve screening efforts for HIV and syphilis, thereby reducing transmission. We offered onsite rapid dual HIV and syphilis testing at venues popular among MSM and/or transgender women in Lima, Peru. We used Poisson regression to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for factors associated with each infection. Read More

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November 2018

Male-inflicted wounds have opposite effects on hair cortisol for captive male and female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) following new group formation.

Primates 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Sexual dimorphism in body size, aggression, and dispersal patterns may affect the degree to which males and females perceive aggression from either sex as stressful. Whereas male macaques typically disperse to new groups at maturity, thus encountering many unfamiliar individuals of both sexes, females are philopatric, usually only encountering unfamiliar males who transfer into their natal groups. In rare circumstances, however, group fusions can expose both males and females to many novel individuals, which often increases aggression. Read More

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November 2018

A qualitative exploration of facilitators and barriers to meningitis vaccination uptake among men who have sex with men.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Mar 1;13:41-47. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, United States of America.

Invasive Meningococcal Disease is a deadly, but preventable disease, with community outbreaks occurring at rate of 9.5 per year. Serogroup C Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) community outbreaks in men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported with greater frequency in large urban areas since 2010. Read More

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Bystander Intervention to Prevent Sexual Violence: The Overlooked Role of Bystander Alcohol Intoxication.

Psychol Violence 2018 Sep 19;8(5):639-647. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Objectives: Bystander training is a promising form of sexual violence (SV) prevention that has proliferated in recent years. Though alcohol commonly accompanies SV, there has been little consideration of the potential impact of alcohol intoxication on SV prevention. The aims of this commentary are to provide an integrative framework for understanding the proximal effect of alcohol on SV intervention, provide recommendations to spark novel research, and guide the application of research to bystander programming efforts. Read More

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September 2018

Sexually transmitted infections among young men who have sex with men: Experiences with diagnosis, treatment, and reinfection.

Sex Res Social Policy 2018 Jun 11;15(2):172-182. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Medical Social Sciences, Chicago, IL.

Despite high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), little is known about their experiences with diagnosis, treatment, and reinfection. To fill this gap, we interviewed 17 YMSM ages 18-29 who participated in an online HIV prevention trial and tested positive for STIs at both the baseline and three-month follow-up assessments. Participants were asked about their reactions to testing positive, experiences with treatment, disclosure to partners, and changes in thinking and behavior. Read More

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Stigma Associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections among Patients Attending Suraksha Clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northern India.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):469-474

Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Context: Illnesses affecting sexual organs and its correlation with improper sexual behavior lead to a negative attitude and discriminating behavior towards people affected by such disorders.

Aim: The aim was to study the stigma associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among patients attending Suraksha clinic at a tertiary care hospital in northern India.

Settings And Design: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

Getting ready for mating: The importance of male touching as an accelerator of ovarian growth in a caridean shrimp.

Zoology (Jena) 2018 Oct 28;130:57-66. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental y Aplicada (IBBEA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Laboratorio de Biología de la Reproducción y el Crecimiento de Crustáceos Decápodos, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EGA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The present study was aimed at evaluating the effect of male presence on ovarian maturation in juvenile females and the role of potential chemical, visual and tactile cues emitted by males in that physiological process. A highly gregarious caridean shrimp with sexual dimorphism, Neocaridina davidi, was used as experimental model. We tested the hypothesis that male presence accelerates ovarian maturation, mainly through chemical cues. Read More

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October 2018

Oxytocin is indispensable for conspecific-odor preference and controls the initiation of female, but not male, sexual behavior in mice.

Neurosci Res 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Physiology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Animal Sciences, Teikyo University of Science, Yamanashi, Japan. Electronic address:

Oxytocin (OT) has been demonstrated to be involved in various social behaviors in mammals. However, OT gene knockout (OTKO) mice can conceive and deliver successfully, though females cannot rear their pups because of lack of lactation. Here, we investigated the sociosexual behavior of both sexes in two experimental setups: olfactory preference for sexual partner's odor and direct social interaction in an enriched condition. Read More

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November 2018

Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health. A Review of the Research That Takes a Psychological Perspective on Exposure.

Authors:
Sara Thomée

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 29;15(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.

The purpose of this study was to carry out a review of observational studies that consider links between mobile phone use and mental health from a psychological or behavioral perspective. Systematic literature searches in PubMed and PsycINFO for articles published until 2017 were done. Exclusion criteria included: papers that considered radiofrequency fields, attention, safety, relational consequences, sexual behavior, cyberbullying, and reviews, qualitative, and case or experimental studies. Read More

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November 2018

Assessing uncertainty in an anatomical site-specific gonococcal infection transmission model of men who have sex with men.

Sex Transm Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School and The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Background: Increased gonorrhea detection highlights the need for additional prevention efforts. Gonorrhea may only be acquired when there is contact between infected and uninfected anatomical sites. With three sites of infection this leads to seven plausible routes of MSM transmission: urethra-to-rectum, rectum-to-urethra, urethra-to-oropharynx, rectum-to-oropharynx, oropharynx-to-urethra, oropharynx-to-rectum, and oropharynx-to-oropharynx. Read More

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December 2018
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Gender Differences in Attitudes Toward Sexual Harassment of Health Care Employees: A Turkish Case Study.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 5:886260518815711. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

2 Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

The purpose of the study was to examine differences in sexual harassment attitudes between male and female labor force in health care organizations. A total of 571 employees working in various health care organizations in Turkey participated in the study. Sexual harassment was measured using 22 items and three-factor structure with constructs "Provocative Behavior," "Normal Flirtations," and "Trivial Matter" developed by Turgut. Read More

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December 2018

A sexual rejection peptide: potential use for controlling mouse overpopulation.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2018 Dec 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Applied Biological Chemistry , Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan.

Exocrine gland-secreting peptide 22 (ESP22) is a 10-kDa protein secreted in tears of juvenile mice. ESP22 inhibits sexual behaviors in adults, leading to a reduction in reproduction rate. We herein identified the 24 amino acid sequence within ESP22 that was essential for exhibiting sexual rejection activity. Read More

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December 2018
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Sexuality and sexual health: Policy in Australian residential aged care.

Australas J Ageing 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Australian Centre for Evidence Based Aged Care, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To examine the extent and scope of written policies about sexuality and sexual health for older people living in Australian residential aged care facilities.

Methods: Postal survey sent to all 2766 Australian residential aged care facilities. Respondents were asked to indicate whether the facility had written policies on sexuality and sexual health and to return copies. Read More

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December 2018

Sexual Behavior of Perinatally Infected Youth in Northwest Ethiopia: Implication for HIV Prevention Strategy.

AIDS Res Treat 2018 1;2018:1573845. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Public Health Department, Medicine and Health Sciences College, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: The major mode of HIV transmission in many resource-limited settings is via heterosexual intercourse, but the primary risk factor for youth is primarily through perinatal infection. With the maturing of the HIV epidemic, youth who acquired the virus perinatally are now reaching adolescence and becoming young adults. There is a paucity of data on the sexual practices of perinatally infected youth in Ethiopia. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Intergenerational Associations Between Parental Incarceration and Children's Sexual Risk Taking in Young Adulthood.

J Adolesc Health 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, Berkeley, California.

Purpose: Research on parental incarceration and the health of offspring is relatively scarce despite studies linking childhood adverse experiences to a range of physical and mental health conditions. This study aimed to estimate the associations between parental incarceration and sexual risk outcomes (early sexual onset, inconsistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infections [STIs]) in young adulthood.

Methods: We used logistic regression to estimate associations of sexual risk taking behaviors with parental incarceration during childhood in a sample of 3,972 participants in The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) between 2001 and 2009. Read More

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December 2018

African-American sexual minority adolescents and sexual health disparities: An exploratory cross-sectional study.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School, Brown University Providence, RI, 02912, USA; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Coro East, Suite 309, Providence, RI, 02903, USA; Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, 02903, USA.

Purpose: To better understand sexual health disparities among African-American sexual minority adolescents.

Methods: African-American adolescents (N = 1120; mean age = 15.24 years) were recruited from 4 cities (Columbia, SC; Macon, GA; Providence, RI; Syracuse, NY) to a larger trial. Read More

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December 2018
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Successful implementation of a combined learning collaborative and mentoring intervention to improve neonatal quality of care in rural Rwanda.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 4;18(1):941. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima, Rwinkwavu, Rwanda.

Background: Globally, neonatal mortality remains high despite interventions known to reduce neonatal deaths. The All Babies Count (ABC) initiative was a comprehensive health systems strengthening intervention designed by Partners In Health in collaboration with the Rwanda Ministry of Health to improve neonatal care in rural public facilities. ABC included provision of training, essential equipment, and a quality improvement (QI) initiative which combined clinical and QI mentorship within a learning collaborative. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Oxytocin on Fear Memory and Neuroinflammation in a Rodent Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 3;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma-induced mental disorder characterized by fear extinction abnormalities, which involve biological dysfunctions among fear circuit areas in the brain. Oxytocin (OXT) is a neuropeptide that regulates sexual reproduction and social interaction and has recently earned specific attention due to its role in adjusting neurobiological and behavioral correlates of PTSD; however, the mechanism by which this is achieved remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine whether the effects of OXT on traumatic stress-induced abnormalities of fear extinction (specifically induced by single prolonged stress (SPS), an animal model of PTSD) are associated with pro-inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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December 2018

Que faire en cas de clitoris augmenté de volume chez une petite fille ? À ne jamais négliger !

Rev Prat 2017 Apr;67(4):392-394

Endocrinologie et gynécologie, hôpital Bicêtre, faculté de médecine Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France Centre de référence des maladies rares du développement génital.

What should be done in clitoral hypertrophy ? Clitoral hypertrophy is an infrequent variation/disorder of the sex development which requires a careful assessment. It should never be disregarded because it can reveal a congenital pathology that will have immediate vital consequences and result in low self-esteem, sexuality and fertility. This justifies an early multidisciplinary care and careful psychological support. Read More

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Chemsex behaviours among men who have sex with men: A systematic review of the literature.

Int J Drug Policy 2018 Dec 1;63:74-89. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SN, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: 'Chemsex' is the use of drugs before or during planned sexual events to facilitate, enhance, prolong and sustain the experience. Drugs associated with chemsex are methamphetamine, GHB/GBL, mephedrone, cocaine and ketamine. This review syntheses published research on the antecedents, behaviours and consequences associated with chemsex behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM). Read More

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December 2018
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Educational lectures enhance knowledge about the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and reduce risky behavior and fear among methadone maintenance treatment patients.

Subst Abus 2018 Dec 4:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

b Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Clinic for Drug Abuse, Treatment and Research, Department of Psychiatry , Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center , Tel Aviv , Israel.

Background: The aim of this study was to characterize human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)-related knowledge and stigma among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients and evaluate the contribution of an educational lecture in reducing risky behavior and unjustified overprotective behavior due to fear and stigma among MMT patients.

Methods: Patients from an MMT clinic within a tertiary medical center were invited to an educational lecture on HIV/AIDS. Seventy participants (of current 330) were chosen by a random sample (December 2015), plus at-risk patients and HIV patients. Read More

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December 2018
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A Cross-Sectional Survey of Relationships between Sexual Knowledge, Sexual Attitudes, and Reproductive Health Behaviour among Female University Students.

Contemp Nurse 2018 Dec 4:1-0. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

c Corresponding author: Professor, PhD, RN, Keimyung University, College of nursing , Sindang-dong, Dalseo-gu, Deagu , 704-701 S. Korea . Tel, Fax: 82-53-580-3953, E-mail:

Background: Reproductive health includes responsible, satisfying, and safe sex as well as reproductive well-being. This study aimed to examine relationships between sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and reproductive health behaviour among female college students.

Design: Cross-sectional survey. Read More

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December 2018

Motivations for Sexual Behavior and Intentions to Use Condoms: Development of the Regulatory Focus in Sexuality Scale.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IUL, Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649-026, Lisbon, Portugal.

Despite recurrent efforts to prevent sexually transmitted diseases through the use of condoms, HIV infections are still prevalent across Europe. Recent research framed by the regulatory focus theory has shown that prevention (vs. promotion)-focused individuals are more likely to adopt strategies to protect their health. Read More

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December 2018

Humanizing an Invisible Population in India: Voices from Bisexual Men Concerning Identity, Life Experiences, and Sexual Health.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Humsafar Trust, Mumbai, India.

Research examining the sexual identities, behaviors, and experiences of bisexual men outside of Western contexts (including in India) is limited. Individuals who self-identify as bisexual due to their orientation toward partners of more than one gender face distinct psychosocial challenges relative to exclusively heterosexual, gay/lesbian, or other individuals. We conducted four focus group discussions (n = 22) and in-depth interviews (n = 50) with self-identified bisexual men (age 18 years and older) who were recruited from the metropolitan area of Mumbai, India, between June and August 2013. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Effectiveness Evaluation of It's Your Game: Keep It Real, a Middle School HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infection/Pregnancy Prevention Program.

J Adolesc Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Purpose: This study assessed the effectiveness of the HIV/sexually transmitted infection/pregnancy prevention program, It's Your Game: Keep It Real (IYG).

Methods: IYG was implemented by classroom teachers in 24 urban middle schools from 2012 to 2015. Using a quasi-experimental design, each year we surveyed ninth-grade students in 10 high schools that were selected based on feeder patterns from project middle schools. Read More

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November 2018

A systematic review of the content and delivery of education in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes.

Respir Med 2018 Dec 5;145:161-181. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, United kingdom.

Introduction: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a core component of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) management with well recognized benefits. While suggestions for educational content within pulmonary rehabilitation have been detailed in clinical guidance, it is unclear what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, who delivers it, and how it is delivered.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, how is this delivered and who delivers it. Read More

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December 2018

Partners Experience Consequences, Too: A Comparison of the Sexual, Relational, and Psychological Adjustment of Women with Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder and Their Partners to Control Couples.

J Sex Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Women diagnosed with female sexual interest/arousal disorder (FSIAD) report lower health-related quality of life, more depressive symptoms, and lower sexual and relationship satisfaction compared with healthy control subjects. Despite the impact of FSIAD on women's sexuality and the inherently interpersonal nature of the sexual problem, it remains unclear whether the partners of women with FSIAD also face negative consequences, as seen in other sexual dysfunctions.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the sexual, relational, and psychological functioning of partners of women with FSIAD (as well as the women themselves) to their control counterparts. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Differences in Chlamydia trachomatis seroprevalence between ethnic groups cannot be fully explained by socioeconomic status, sexual healthcare seeking behavior or sexual risk behavior: a cross-sectional analysis in the HEalthy LIfe in an Urban Setting (HELIUS) study.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 3;18(1):612. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Molecular Diagnostics of Oncogenic Infections Division, German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: In the Netherlands, there are strong disparities in Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) prevalence between ethnic groups. The current study aims to identify whether socioeconomic status, sexual risk behavior and sexual healthcare seeking behavior may explain differences in CT seroprevalence between ethnic groups.

Methods: We used 2011-2014 baseline data of the HELIUS (HEalthy LIfe in an Urban Setting) study, a multi-ethnic population-based cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, including participants from Dutch, African Surinamese, South-Asian Surinamese, Ghanaian, Moroccan and Turkish origin. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship between quality of life in young adults and impulsivity/compulsivity.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 27;271:253-258. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, UL, USA. Electronic address:

Impulsive and compulsive symptoms often become apparent during young adulthood, which is a critical time for brain development and establishment of life goals. The aim of this study was to identify important associations with quality of life in young adults, across a range of clinical, questionnaire, and cognitive measures, focusing on impulsivity and compulsivity. Significant relationships between exploratory variables and quality of life were identified using Partial Least Squares (PLS). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Social Ecological Factors of Sexual Subjectivity and Contraceptive Use and Access Among Young Women in the Northwest Territories, Canada.

J Sex Res 2018 Nov 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

d Women and Gender Studies Institute, University of Toronto; and Equity Studies, University of Toronto.

Adolescent women in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada, experience many sexual health challenges that are linked to a history of colonization and intergenerational effects of trauma. This study was informed by social ecological theory and explored how young women in the NWT develop sexual subjectivity within the context of contraception use and access during this time of decolonization. A total of 41 participants (aged 13 to 17 years) attended the Fostering Open eXpression among Youth (FOXY) body-mapping intervention in six NWT communities and then completed semistructured interviews. Read More

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November 2018

The First Ejaculation: A Male Pubertal Milestone Comparable to Menarche?

Authors:
Jordan A Chad

J Sex Res 2018 Nov 30:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a Department of Medical Biophysics , University of Toronto.

Boys experience their first ejaculation (thorarche) during adolescence, but this event is often overlooked as a milestone in male adolescent development. The purpose of this article is to draw attention to thorarche and consider it in comparison with the female milestone of menarche. A critical analysis is provided of how thorarche has been interpreted to date and the complexities in construing thorarche from a biological perspective are outlined. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Acute Alcohol Intoxication Inhibits Bystander Intervention Behavior for Sexual Aggression Among Men with High Intent to Help.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology (RML, DJP), Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Bystander training programs aim to encourage third-party witnesses to intervene in high-risk sexual situations; however, these programs rarely focus on training bystanders to effectively intervene when intoxicated. This is not surprising due to the limited evidence on the proximal effects of alcohol on bystander intervention for sexual aggression. To this end, the aim of the present study was to test the effects of men's self-reported intent to help strangers and acute alcohol intoxication on the likelihood and speed of sexual aggression intervention. Read More

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November 2018

Sexual Enhancing Effect of in Stress-Exposed Rats by Improving Dopaminergic and Testicular Functions.

Biomed Res Int 2018 25;2018:6452965. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, 40002, Thailand.

In this study, we aimed to assess the effect and possible underlying mechanism of leaves extract on male sexual behaviors in stress-exposed rats. Male Wistar rats were orally given extract at doses of 25, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW before 12-hour-immobilization exposure for 14 days. Sexual behaviors, serum testosterone and corticosterone levels, TH-positive cells density in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), MAO-B activity in NAc and medial preoptic area (MPOA), testis histology together with phosphodiesterase type-5 ( PDE-5) activity, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in penis were evaluated after treatment. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Personalization of biologic therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: less frequently accounted choice-driving variables.

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2018 24;14:2097-2111. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Rheumatology, Hospital of Prato, Prato, Italy,

Objective: To propose appropriate statements that drive the choice of biologic therapies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), factoring in their impact on the following issues: anti-drug antibody (ADAb) formation, suspicion and management of infections, lupus-like syndrome (LLS), effects on bone mass and sexual sphere, and relationship between RA and periodontal disease (PD).

Methods: An overview of existing evidence was undertaken by an expert panel on behalf of the Italian board for the TAilored BIOlogic therapy (ITABIO). Data were extracted from controlled trials, national registries, national health care databases, post-marketing surveys, and, when required by the paucity of controlled studies, from open-label clinical series. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Spanish version of the Sexual Excitation/Sexual Inhibition Inventory for Women: Factorial structure, reliability and validity evidences.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2017 Jan-Apr;17(1):65-76. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center, Universidad de Granada, Spain.

: The Dual Control Model suggests that sexual excitation and associated behaviors are the result of the balance between relatively independent excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms. Based on this theoretical model, the Sexual Excitation/Sexual Inhibition Inventory for Women (SESII-W) was developed to evaluate excitation and inhibition dimensions in women. The aim was to adapt and validate the SESII-W in the Spanish population. Read More

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October 2016

Preventive and therapeutic effects of environmental enrichment in Wistar rats submitted to neonatal hypoxia-ischemia.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Nov 26;359:485-497. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Post-Graduation Program of Physiology, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde (ICBS), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Department of Biochemistry, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde (ICBS), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Post-Graduation Program of Neuroscience, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde (ICBS), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Environmental enrichment (EE) at early stages of neurodevelopment attenuates HI-induced behavioral, histological and cellular damage. However, the effects of EE exposure during gestational or early postnatal period and the possible influence of sexual dimorphism on EE protection are not fully understood. Present study evaluated the effects of pre-natal and postnatal EE, as well as their combination, in male and female rats submitted to neonatal HI at postnatal day (PND) 3. Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence and determinants of condom use among male adolescents in Indonesia.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Nakon Pathom, Thailand.

Adolescent sexual and reproductive health problems remain a public health concern in Indonesia. An increase of premarital sex as well as early sexual debut among adolescents without any protection leads to a high risk of adverse sexual and reproductive health consequences. This study aimed to assess condom use prevalence and identify its determinants among male adolescents who are sexually active in Indonesia. Read More

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November 2018

Estimating the Prevalence of HIV and Sexual Behaviors Among the US Transgender Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, 2006-2017.

Am J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:e1-e8. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Jeffrey S. Becasen, Mary M. Mullins, Darrel H. Higa, and Theresa Ann Sipe are with the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Christa L. Denard is with ICF International, Atlanta.

Background: Transgender women (transwomen) in the United States have been shown to have high HIV risk with Black and Hispanic transwomen being particularly vulnerable. Growing research on transgender men (transmen) also shows increased HIV risk and burden, although not as much is known for this transgender population.

Objectives: This systematic review estimates the prevalence of self-reported and laboratory-confirmed HIV infection, reported sexual and injection behaviors, and contextual factors associated with HIV risk of transgender persons living in the United States. Read More

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November 2018
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Mental Health in Domestic Worlds.

Med Anthropol 2018 Oct;37(7):533-537

b Gender and Sexuality Cluster , Institute of Development Studies , Brighton , United Kingdom.

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October 2018

Why Do Older Adults Have Sex? Approach and Avoidance Sexual Motives Among Older Women and Men.

J Sex Res 2018 Nov 29:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

b School of Social Work , Bar Ilan University.

Although many older adults reportedly maintain an active sex life, limited research has focused on the reasons they engage in sex. The present study identified and described sexual motives in the second half of life reported by 47 older adults. Twenty-four men (51%) and 23 women (49%) aged 60-91 (M = 66, SD = 8. Read More

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November 2018