264,251 results match your criteria Sexual health[Journal]


[The UroLift® system for treatment of the benign prostatic syndrome (BPS)].

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):515-518. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Klinikum Großhadern/Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Urologische Klinik und Poliklinik, München.

Minimally-invasive treatment options for patients with LUTS due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) become more and more important because they provide equal long-term efficacy compared with the reference method TURP, while having a more favourable safety profile. There are promising results for PUL (Prostatic Urethral Lift - UroLift) with low complication rates. UroLift is clearly superior regarding the preservation of sexual functions without impairment of ejaculatory function. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Examining the factor structure of the self-report Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale Symptom Checklist.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 19;271:299-305. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, APH-research Institute, Department of Psychiatry and GGZ inGeest, Oldenaller 1, 1081 HJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions are important in studies about the pathogenesis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. More than 30 factor analytic studies using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale Symptom Checklist (Y-BOCS-SC) interview version have been published. However, a drawback of the Y-BOCS-SC interview is that it is time-consuming for the clinician. Read More

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November 2018

Animal Conflicts in Diploid Populations with Sexual Reproduction.

J Theor Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Ruppin Academic Center, School of Engineering, Unit of Engineering & Management, Emek Hefer 40250, Israel. Electronic address:

The classical, monomorphic, evolutionary games analyze competition among phenotypes while implicitly assuming monomorphic transmission of phenotypic attributes to successive generations. The recently formulated polymorphic evolutionary game theory (PEGT), which adds the underlying genetics and sexual reproduction to evolutionary games, has the potential to revolutionize game theoretical modeling of co-evolutionary processes. In this paper, I apply PEGT methods to the analysis of animal conflicts ࣧ the oldest, and one of the best-developed areas of evolutionary game modeling. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Enzymes of glycerol-3-phosphate pathway in triacylglycerol synthesis in plants: Function, biotechnological application and evolution.

Prog Lipid Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Departmento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil.. Electronic address:

Triacylglycerols (TAG) are the major form of energy storage in plants. TAG are primarily stored in seeds and fruits, but vegetative tissues also possess a high capacity for their synthesis and storage. These storage lipids are essential to plant development, being used in seedling growth during germination, pollen development, and sexual reproduction, for example. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Zika transmission ways, can it be transmitted from person to person?

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):410-413. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital General de Zona No. 71, Departamento de Medicina Interna. Veracruz, Veracruz, México

In this article we describe the main transmission mechanisms of the Zika virus, from those already known, such as zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission of the virus, perinatal, occupational transmission, by blood products and by sexual contact. Given the possibility of person-to-person transmission, some measures of attention are proposed as the necessary studies are advanced to confirm or discard it. Read More

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November 2018

Transgenerational effects in asexually reproduced offspring of Populus.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208591. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Forest & Nature Lab, Department of Environment, Ghent University, Gontrode, Belgium.

The response of trees to a changing climate can be affected by transgenerational phenotypic plasticity, i.e. phenotypic variation that is conserved and transferred to the offspring. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and sexual function and satisfaction among reproductive-aged Iranian women.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208485. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, and an important health problem especially in women of reproductive age. This study aimed to determine the relationship between IDA and sexual satisfaction and function among reproductive-aged Iranian women. In this study, 129 women (52 with IDA and 77 non-IDA) with age 18-45 in Mahshahr, Iran were recruited. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

'I should not feed such a weak woman'. Intimate partner violence among women living with podoconiosis: A qualitative study in northern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads
3.230 Impact Factor

[The Role of Testosterone in The Improvement of Sexual Desire in Postmenopausal Women: An Evidence-Based Clinical Review].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):680-690. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Unidade de Saúde Familiar S. Julião. Agrupamento de Centros de Saúde de Lisboa Ocidental e Oeiras. Lisboa. Portugal.

Introduction: Female sexual dysfunction is a common problem, affecting more than 1/3 of women during their lives. The aim of this review is to review the evidence for the effectiveness of testosterone in sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women, particularly in the improvement of sexual desire.

Material And Methods: The authors searched in international databases National Guidelines Clearinghouse, Guidelines Finder, Cochrane Library and MEDLINE/PubMed, for guidelines, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials, published between January 2005 and February 2017, using the MeSH terms 'testosterone', 'androgens', 'libido', 'sexual dysfunctions' and 'menopause'. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Licence to swill: James Bond's drinking over six decades.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500

Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.

Design: Film content analysis.

Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Is Sexting Associated with Sexual Behaviors During Adolescence? A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Introduction: A growing body of research has addressed adolescent use of mobile devices to exchange sexually explicit images and messages (sexting). Although there are legal consequences in some states for sexting among adolescents, research findings have also demonstrated associations between sexting and sexual activity. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize research examining the association between adolescent sexting and sexual activity. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men having sex with men in Togo: a national cross-sectional survey.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Département de Santé Publique, Lomé, Togo.

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high HIV and anal cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess HPV, HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) prevalence among Men having Sex with Men (MSM).

Methods: A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM recruited in four Togolese cities based on the respondent-driven sampling method. Read More

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December 2018

Follicular Development and Reproductive Characteristics in Four Species of Brazilian Tropidurus Lizards.

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):553-563

4 Biology Institute, State University of Campinas. Monteiro Lobato st., 255 - Cidade Universitária, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-862, Brazil.

The follicular development and reproductive characteristics of four species of oviparous lizards in the Tropidurus torquatus group were anatomically and histologically evaluated. We measured specimens, recorded the number of follicles and eggs, and removed the right ovary of each individual, which we processed according to histological routine and photo-documented. For all species, ovaries were divided into a cortical germinal bed, where oogonia and stage I oocytes are located, and a medullar stroma, where the remaining follicular developmental stages occur. Read More

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December 2018

Risky sexual behavior among adolescents: The role of decision-making, problems from cannabis use and externalizing disorder symptoms.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

b Center for Children and Families , Florida International University , Miami , FL, USA.

Introduction: Previous research has demonstrated that externalizing symptoms, cannabis use problems, and poor decision-making abilities are each independently related to risky sexual behavior (RSB). However, few studies have examined the joint effect of these factors on RSB among a sample of adolescents.

Methods: The current study addresses this gap in the literature by examining how externalizing disorder symptoms, cannabis use, and decision-making abilities interact to predict RSB among a sample of adolescents (n = 204; M = 15. Read More

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December 2018
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Testosterone therapy to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus in at-risk men (T4DM): Design and implementation of a double-blind randomised controlled trial.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, and Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Low circulating testosterone is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in overweight men with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

Aim: To determine in a multi-centre, double-blinded placebo-controlled randomised trial, whether testosterone treatment combined with lifestyle intervention (Weight Watchers®) relative to lifestyle intervention alone, reduces T2DM incidence and improves glucose tolerance at 2 years.

Study Population: Overweight or obese men aged 50-74 years with a serum testosterone of ≤14nmol/L and IGT or newly diagnosed T2DM established by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Read More

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December 2018
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The Longitudinal Associations Between Outness and Health Outcomes Among Gay/Lesbian Versus Bisexual Emerging Adults.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for Sexual and Gender Minority Health and Wellbeing, Northwestern University, 625 N Michigan Ave., #14-047, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Sexual minorities are at increased risk for substance use and mental health problems. Although previous studies have examined the associations between outness and health outcomes, few have used longitudinal designs or examined differences across subgroups of sexual minorities. To address these gaps, the current study examined sexual orientation and gender as moderators of the longitudinal associations between outness and substance use (cigarettes, marijuana, illicit drugs, and alcohol) and mental health (depression and anxiety). Read More

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December 2018
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Symptoms and Impacts in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Qualitative Findings from Patient and Physician Interviews.

Patient 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Astellas Pharma Inc., Northbrook, IL, USA.

Background: There is little information available on health-related quality of life in patients with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. This study aimed to develop a conceptual model that describes patients' experiences of living with this condition.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, non-interventional qualitative research study. Read More

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December 2018

Organochlorine pesticides exposure in female adolescents: potential impact on sexual hormones and interleukin-1 levels.

Immunol Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Research Center of Mother and Child Health, University Medical Center, 32 Turan Avenue, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.

The objective of this study was to assess the potential impact of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) on IL-1 axis in exposed female adolescents through an observational cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in Sary-Agach District (OCPs exposed girls) and Sairam District (OCPs unexposed controls), South Kazakhstan. The study included 524 female adolescents aged 10-17 years (OCPs exposed, n = 253; OCPs unexposed, n = 271). Read More

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December 2018
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Efficacy of mace (Arils of Houtt) plus PFMT on symptoms in mixed urinary incontinence: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

Integr Med Res 2018 Dec 26;7(4):307-315. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Amraze Niswan wa Ilmul Qabalat (Gynecology and Obstetrics), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India.

Background: It is not only to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mace (Arils of Houtt) but also to compare pelvic floor muscle training vs. pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) for improving symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of woman with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI).

Methods: A prospective, single-blind randomized controlled study was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Peer-led intervention to prevent and reduce STI transmission and improve sexual health in secondary schools (STASH): protocol for a feasibility study.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 29;4:180. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Top Floor, 200 Renfield St, Glasgow, G2 3AX UK.

Background: Young people in the UK are at highest risk of sexually transmitted infections and report higher levels of unsafe sex than any other age group. Involving peer supporters in intervention delivery is acceptable to students and effective in reducing risk behaviours via 'diffusion of innovation', particularly where peer supporters are influential in their networks. Informal peer-led interventions offer a useful alternative to peer-led didactic teaching, which has shown limited effects. Read More

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November 2018

Seed Germination Indicates Adaptive Transgenerational Plasticity in a Submerged Macrophyte.

Front Plant Sci 2018 21;9:1592. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Donghu Experimental Station of Lake Ecosystems, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciencess, Wuhan, China.

Adaptive transgenerational plasticity is an important evolutionary strategy in plants. We investigated the resource allocation strategy in sexual reproduction and performed an seed germination experiment of to reveal their responses to different water depths. Later, we discussed the biased adaptability to the maternal habitat in this species. Read More

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November 2018

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Network Analysis in U.S. Military Veterans: Examining the Impact of Combat Exposure.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:608. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Recent work inspired by graph theory has begun to conceptualize mental disorders as networks of interacting symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom networks have been investigated in clinical samples meeting full diagnostic criteria, including military veterans, natural disaster survivors, civilian survivors of war, and child sexual abuse survivors. Despite reliable associations across reported networks, more work is needed to compare central symptoms across trauma types. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Contraceptive use and the risk of sexually transmitted infection: systematic review and current perspectives.

Open Access J Contracept 2018 12;9:91-112. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Global Health, Population and Nutrition, FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA,

Purpose: Evidence on the association between contraceptive use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) is lacking, with few prospective studies. We systematically reviewed the last 10 years' evidence on the association between contraception and STI/BV, building on the most recent systematic reviews published in 2006 and 2009.

Methods: We searched the MEDLINE and POPLINE databases for peer-reviewed articles p ublished between January 1, 2008 and January 31, 2018 reporting prospective studies that assessed the association between contraceptive use and incident STI and/or incident or recurrent BV. Read More

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November 2018

Postpartum family-planning barriers and catalysts in Burkina Faso and the Democratic Republic of Congo: a multiperspective study.

Open Access J Contracept 2018 9;9:63-74. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Purpose: To address the high unmet need for postpartum family planning (PPFP) in resource-limited settings, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, this study aimed to identify PPFP-related barriers and catalysts to inform policies and programs to increase access to postpartum contraception.

Methods: Using qualitative methodology, we explored the perspectives of women, adolescent girls, men, religious and community leaders, service providers, and decision makers from three rural communities in Burkina Faso and three rural-urban communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Both countries have high unmet need for PPFP and are priority countries of the French Muskoka Fund for Maternal and Child Health. Read More

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November 2018

Evaluation of sexual function in Brazilian women with and without chronic pelvic pain.

J Pain Res 2018 8;11:2761-2767. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate sexual function in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) compared to a control group without CPP and to investigate the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in women with CPP.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 100 women with CPP and 100 controls. Sexual function was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and depression and anxiety using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Read More

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November 2018

Histidine-rich glycoprotein inhibits HIV-1 infection in a pH-dependent manner.

J Virol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Retrovirus y SIDA (INBIRS), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is an abundant plasma protein with a multidomain structure allowing its interaction with many ligands including phospholipids, plasminogen, fibrinogen, IgG antibodies, and heparan sulfate. HRG has shown to regulate different biological responses such as angiogenesis, coagulation and fibrinolysis. Here, we found that HRG almost completely abrogated the infection of GHOST, Jurkat, CD4+ T cells, and macrophages by HIV-1 at low pH (range 6. Read More

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December 2018

Use of geosocial networking applications is independently associated with diagnosis of STI among men who have sex with men testing for STIs: findings from the cross-sectional MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: MSM Internet Survey Ireland (MISI) 2015 was an anonymous, self-completed, cross-sectional internet survey assessing sexual behaviours and health needs among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Ireland. We explored factors associated with self-reported STI diagnosis among MSM who were sexually active and had an STI test in the previous year.

Methods: We compared the study population (n=1158; 37% of total population), with the sexually active MISI population not testing for STIs (n=1620; 52% of total population). Read More

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December 2018

Results from a cross-sectional sexual and reproductive health study among school girls in Tanzania: high prevalence of bacterial vaginosis.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.

Objectives: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) increases women's susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV and may partly explain the high incidence of STI/HIV among girls and young women in East and southern Africa. The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between BV and sexual debut, to investigate other potential risk factors of BV and to estimate associations between BV and STIs.

Methods: Secondary school girls in Mwanza, aged 17 and 18 years, were invited to join a cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2018

Neighbourhoods, networks and pre-exposure prophylaxis awareness: a multilevel analysis of a sample of young black men who have sex with men.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Chicago Center for HIV Elimination, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in the USA represent a subgroup that has the highest HIV incidence among the overall population. In the USA, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective prevention intervention to prevent HIV acquisition when taken regularly. Neighbourhood and network factors may relate to PrEP awareness, but have not been studied in YBMSM. Read More

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December 2018

Household structure and its association with sexual risk behaviours and sexual health outcomes: evidence from a British probability sample survey.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e024255. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Population Research in Sexual Health and HIV, Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: Economic and social changes over the last 20 years have led to changes in the living situations of young people in Britain. A person's home-life context might influence their sexual behaviour, with implications for their sexual healthcare needs; we investigated this hypothesis.

Methods: Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, a probability sample survey undertaken in 2010-2012, interviewed 15 162 men and women aged 16-74 years in Britain (with 3869 aged 16-24 years). Read More

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December 2018

Actuarial senescence in a dimorphic bird: different rates of ageing in morphs with discrete reproductive strategies.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Dec 5;285(1892). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA.

It is often hypothesized that intra-sexual competition accelerates actuarial senescence, or the increase in mortality rates with age. However, an alternative hypothesis is that parental investment is more important to determining senescence rates. We used a unique model system, the white-throated sparrow (), to study variation in actuarial senescence. Read More

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December 2018

Lifetime Spousal Violence Victimization and Perpetration, Physical Illness, and Health Risk Behaviours among Women in India.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 4;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Research & Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 0727, South Africa.

The aim of this study was to assess the association between lifetime spousal violence victimization, spousal violence perpetration, and physical health outcomes and behaviours among women in India. In the 2015⁻2016 National Family Health Survey, a sample of ever-married women (15⁻49 years) ( = 66,013) were interviewed about spousal violence. Results indicate that 29. Read More

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December 2018

Specificity of plant-plant communication for Baccharis salicifolia sexes but not genotypes.

Ecology 2018 Dec;99(12):2731-2739

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, 92697, California, USA.

Plants are able to adjust their anti-herbivore defenses in response to the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by herbivore-damaged neighbors, and some of these changes increase resistance against subsequent herbivory. This phenomenon of plant-plant communication is thought to be widespread, but recent investigations have cautioned that it can be context dependent, including variation in the strength of communication based on the identity of plants and their associated herbivores. Here, we performed three greenhouse experiments using multiple male and female genotypes of the dioecious woody shrub Baccharis salicifolia and its specialist aphid Uroleucon macolai to test for specificity of plant-plant communication with respect to plant sex and genotype. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of a training aimed at building capacity for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women in Indonesia.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, otterdam, The Netherlands.

Implementers of outreach program in Indonesia often provide formal training for their outreach workers (OWs) only at the startup. We believe continuous training can be provided by experienced OWs at any time if an appropriate training package is available. Using a one-group pre-test-post-test study design; we developed, implemented and evaluated an OW-informed training program aimed at increasing OWs' knowledge and skills for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes toward HIV testing, awareness of HIV campaigns, and using social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages in the age of social media: a qualitative study of young black men.

Health Educ Res 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Health Promotion and Behavior, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, 140 Decatur St., Suite 300, Atlanta, GA. USA.

This study assessed attitudes toward HIV and awareness of previous HIV prevention campaigns among young black men in the United States of America (USA). The study also ascertained the appropriateness of HIV testing messages for young black men and explored the use of social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages for social media marketing campaigns. Nineteen (n = 19) black male college students attending a public university in Atlanta, GA, USA from September 2016 to October 2016 participated in three focus groups. Read More

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December 2018

Parasitism, sexual dimorphism and effect of host size on Apocephalus attophilus offspring, a parasitoid of the leaf-cutting ant Atta bisphaerica.

PLoS One 2018 3;13(12):e0208253. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Viçosa Campus Florestal, Florestal, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Atta bisphaerica (Forel) is a leaf-cutting ant that specializes on grass and causes productivity losses in sugar cane fields and pastures. Three phorid species, Apocephalus attophilus (Borgmeier), Myrmosicarius grandicornis (Borgmeier) and Eibesfeldtphora bragancai (Brown), have been found parasitizing A. bisphaerica workers. Read More

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December 2018

Ethical issues with early genitoplasty in children with disorders of sex development.

Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Endocrinology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Genitoplasty in children with disorders of sex development (DSD) is an ethically complex issue. From a surgical perspective, genitoplasty in early childhood is preferred because it is felt to be associated with improved tissue healing, decreased risk of complications, and reduced psychological impact of genital surgery. However, advocacy groups and recent ethics literature have argued for deferring genitoplasty until a child reaches decisional maturity. Read More

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November 2018

New age technology and social media: adolescent psychosocial implications and the need for protective measures.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Northwell Health System, Lake Success, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development. Read More

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November 2018

Incidence, Clearance and Persistence of Anal HPV in Men who Have Sex with Men Living with HIV: Implications for HPV Vaccination.

Sex Transm Dis 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Central Clinical School, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia.

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV have a high risk of anal cancer. We estimate the likely benefit of HPV vaccination amongst participants of the Anal Cancer Examination (ACE) study.

Methods: Anal swabs were collected for the detection and genotyping of anal HPV DNA by Linear Array (Roche Diagnostics) in this two-year multicentre prospective cohort. Read More

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November 2018

Sexual Violence of Liberian School Age Students: An Investigation of Perpetration, Gender, and Forms of Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2018 Dec 3:1-20. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

b Center for Global Social Work, Rutgers , The State University of New Jersey , New Brunswick , NJ , USA.

This study examined the perpetration of sexual violence within the institutional setting of primary schools in Liberia using secondary analysis of data collected from 811 Liberian school aged participants (298 girls and 513 boys). The study looked specifically at the perpetration of: 1) sexual violation, 2) transactional sex, and 3) sexual coercion. Sexual violation was the most common form of sexual violence experienced, followed by sexual coercion, and then transactional sex. Read More

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December 2018

An update on emerging drugs for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.

Expert Opin Emerg Drugs 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Department of Urology , University Hospitals Leuven , Belgium.

Introduction: Erectile dysfunction is an extremely frequent and extensively studied condition, currently affecting the lives of tens of millions of men around the globe. The extensive knowledge of its pathophysiology has led to the development of phosphodiesterase 5-inhibitors, which can facilitate sexual intercourse in a large number of patients. However, an ever-increasing number of patients is unresponsive to these drugs due to underlying comorbidities or previous surgery. Read More

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December 2018
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The Association Between Sexual Behavior and Affect: Moderating Factors in Young Women.

J Sex Res 2018 Dec 3:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

d Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital; and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert School of Medicine , Brown University.

Sexual behavior is associated with increased positive affect and decreased negative affect. However, contextual variables such as partner type, behavior type, and condom use may moderate these associations. The goal of the present research was to examine these contextual moderators using monthly longitudinal data from a sample of young women. Read More

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December 2018

Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale: A New Measure.

J Homosex 2018 Dec 3:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.

This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people. Read More

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December 2018

Sexual harassment and its relationship with depressive symptoms: A nationwide study of Korean EMS providers.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School of Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Emergency medical service (EMS) providers may face sexual harassment (SH) from citizens. No studies have assessed SH prevalence and its association with depressive symptoms among EMS providers in South Korea.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1346 EMS providers in South Korea. Read More

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December 2018

Approaches to Identify Unknown HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men in Nairobi, Kenya.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Graduate School of Public Health, Center for LGBT Health Research, University of Pittsburgh, 130 De Soto Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.

Kenya has been home to one of the most severe HIV/AIDS epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa. This persistent epidemic requires interventions tailored to affected populations, particularly men who have sex with men (MSM). Given the resource constraints of many clinics and ecological challenges of Kenya, such as the illegality of sex among MSM, interventions to address HIV must strategically engage this population. Read More

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December 2018

Towards an Information Motivation and Behavioral Skills Model for New Sex Partners: Results of a Study of Condom Use as an HIV Prevention Method for Emerging Adults Who Met Partners on Dating and Sex-Seeking Platforms or Offline.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

The information, motivation, behavioral Skills (IMB) model was used to identify factors that affect condom use with new sex partners that were met offline or online. Mixed methods data were collected from adults between the ages of 18 and 29 years who reported a new sex partner. A model was composed of participants' IMB scale scores to determine the effect of these variables on condom use. Read More

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December 2018