264,463 results match your criteria Sexual and relationship therapy : journal of the British Association for Sexual and Relationship Therapy[Journal]


Sexual mixing in opposite-sex partnerships in Britain and its implications for STI risk: findings from the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3).

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: The extent to which individuals are similar to their sexual partners influences STI-transmission probabilities, yet there is a dearth of empirical data, especially those representative of the population.

Methods: Analyses of data reported by 10 759 sexually active people aged 16-74 y interviewed for a British national probability survey undertaken in 2010-12. Computer-assisted self-interviews asked about partner numbers and characteristics of participants' three most recent partnerships (MRPs). Read More

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December 2018

Changes of sexual risk behaviors and sexual connections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men along their HIV care continuum.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209008. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Background: While HIV incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is increasing in Hong Kong, unprotected sex apparently remains prevalent among those infected but virally non-suppressed. Little is known about how sexual behaviours and sexual connections may change among MSM along their HIV care continuum.

Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, HIV-positive MSM attending the largest HIV specialist clinic in Hong Kong between October and December 2014 were invited to complete a self-administrated structured questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018

Development and implementation of a pediatric adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and other determinants of health questionnaire in the pediatric medical home: A pilot study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208088. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Center for Youth Wellness, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor health outcomes, underlining the significance of early identification and intervention. Currently, there is no validated tool to screen for ACEs exposure in childhood. To fill this gap, we designed and implemented a pediatric ACEs questionnaire in an urban pediatric Primary Care Clinic. Read More

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December 2018

Geolocator deployment reduces return rate, alters selection, and impacts demography in a small songbird.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207783. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, United States of America.

In the past few years, miniature light-level geolocators have been developed for tracking wild bird species that were previously too small to track during their full annual cycle. Geolocators offer an exciting opportunity to study the full annual cycle for many species. However, the potential detrimental effects of carrying geolocators are still poorly understood, especially for small-bodied birds. Read More

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December 2018

Multiplexed CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of 19 Fanconi anemia pathway genes in zebrafish revealed their roles in growth, sexual development and fertility.

PLoS Genet 2018 Dec 12;14(12):e1007821. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cancer Genomics Unit, Cancer Genetics and Comparative Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a genomic instability syndrome resulting in aplastic anemia, developmental abnormalities, and predisposition to hematological and other solid organ malignancies. Mutations in genes that encode proteins of the FA pathway fail to orchestrate the repair of DNA damage caused by DNA interstrand crosslinks. Zebrafish harbor homologs for nearly all known FA genes. Read More

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December 2018
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[Eating disorders and fertility].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):331-339

Semmelweis Egyetem, Magatartástudomanyi Intezet, Budapest, Hungary, E-mail:

Common gynecological complications of various eating disorders include infertility, unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, sexual dysfunction and complications in the treatment of gynecological cancers. Women with eating disorders typically see their gynecologists because of menstrual and other endocrine disorders or unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms, and often report on psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression or decreased libido). In spite of anovulation, menstruation may occur and ovulation without menstruation may be possible, which may lead to an increased incidence of unwanted pregnancies in case of prior or current eating disorders. Read More

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January 2018

Early childhood maltreatment experience and later sexual behavior in Brazilian adults undergoing treatment for substance dependence.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Psiquiatria,Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of early childhood maltreatment and associations with later sexual behavior among adult substance users.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled 134 substance dependents who sought outpatient care in São Paulo, Brazil. Childhood trauma prevalence was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Read More

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December 2018

Psychometric Evaluation of PROMIS Sexual Function and Satisfaction Measures in a Longitudinal Population-Based Cohort of Men With Localized Prostate Cancer.

J Sex Med 2018 Dec 24;15(12):1792-1810. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: There are multiple treatment options for men with localized prostate cancer that provide similar curative efficacy but differ in their impact on sexual functioning.

Aim: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Sexual Function and Satisfaction (SexFS) measures, including items from versions 1 and 2 of the short forms.

Methods: A population-based cohort of men across North Carolina completed surveys via phone interviews at baseline (prior to treatment) and at 3, 12, and 24 months after cancer treatment initiation. Read More

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December 2018

Sexualization of Sexual Harassment Victims Reduces Bystanders' Help: The Mediating Role of Attribution of Immorality and Blame.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 12:886260518816326. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

3 University of Perugia, Italy.

Women's representation in social media is becoming increasingly sexualized, even when they are victims of sexual harassment (SH). In the present research, we adopted a bystander approach to investigate the role of victims' sexualization on bystanders' reactions to an episode of SH. In Study 1, female participants read a fictitious newspaper article that described a workplace SH episode: According to condition, the article included a picture of the victim who was wearing either sexualized or nonsexualized clothing. Read More

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December 2018

Factors associated with reporting delays and severity of childhood sexual abuse in São Paulo, Brazil.

Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Faculdade de Medicina do ABC , Santo Andre , Brazil.

Negative health outcome and its relationship with length and severity of Childhood Sexual Abuse is well established in the literature. Until recently, this literature consisted disproportionately of studies of adults recalling past events. For guidelines for the treatment of childhood survivors, research focused on child victims may be more relevant. Read More

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December 2018

Nativity Homogeneity in Social Networks and Prostitution Patronage Among Male Migrant Laborers.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Previous studies have repeatedly found the association between network homogeneity based on native-place and sexual risk behaviors among migrants. However, it remains unclear why such a simple numerical property of network composition can be correlated with a sexual risk behavior. Using a dataset (n = 1591) with detailed information on the sexual behaviors among male migrant laborers in the two Chinese provinces with the highest migrant inflows, we confirmed network homogeneity is significantly associated with prostitution patronage. Read More

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December 2018

Mediating Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Perceived Social Support and HIV Disclosure: Assessing Moderation by Sex.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Mental Health Law and Policy, College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

People living with HIV may decide to disclose their HIV-positive status after considering the benefits and costs. Studies have shown associations between perceived social support, depressive symptoms and HIV disclosure among men and women; however, research assessing the mediating pathway among these variables and the associated disparities by sex are lacking. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the association between perceived social support from family and friends and HIV disclosure to sexual partners; assess the mediating effects of depressive symptoms; and examine the disparities by sex. Read More

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December 2018

Trends in Attitudes to and the Use of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis by Australian Gay and Bisexual Men, 2011-2017: Implications for Further Implementation from a Diffusion of Innovations Perspective.

AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Using repeated, national, online, cross-sectional surveys of Australian gay and bisexual men (GBM), we analysed trends related to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Specifically, we analysed trends in PrEP use, willingness to use PrEP, and concern about using PrEP during 2011-2017. We assessed support for GBM using PrEP and willingness to have sex with men taking PrEP between 2015 and 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Widening Understandings of Women's Sexual Desire: A Social-Ecological Lens.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, Western University, London, ON, N6A 5C2, Canada.

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December 2018

Correction to: Finger Length Ratios of Identical Twins with Discordant Sexual Orientations.

Arch Sex Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, C04 3SQ, UK.

Readers should note that the confidence intervals for the effect of sexual orientation on 2D:4D in the left hand of female twins are incorrectly reported in Table 1 of this article. In particular, the upper limit of the confidence intervals is missing a minus sign. Read More

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December 2018

Gynecologic radiation oncology patients report unmet needs regarding sexual health communication with providers.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Purpose: Following radiation therapy (RT), women with gynecologic malignancies report high rates of sexual dysfunction, but little is known regarding sexual health communication between these patients and health-care providers. This study assessed these patients' beliefs/attitudes toward providers' sexual history taking.

Methods: Surveys were administered to women who presented for follow-up care for gynecologic cancers in an academic radiation oncology department. Read More

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December 2018

Neuronal nitric oxide synthase activity mediates Lycium barbarum polysaccharides-enhanced sexual performance without stimulating noncontact erection in rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Hung Kuang University, No. 1018, Sec. 6, Taiwan Boulevard, Shalu District, Taichung, 43302, Taiwan.

Rationale: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is known to promote reproductive functions. However, its role in noncontact erection (NCE) of penis initiated by brain regions including medial preoptic area (MPOA) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) regions responsible for sexual behavior has not been investigated.

Objectives: Therefore, this study initially investigated the effects of LBP on male sexual function, and subsequently, the mechanistic insight was investigated through assessing the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the MPOA and PVN. Read More

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December 2018

Novel method of histopathological analysis after testicular sperm extraction in patients with nonobstructive and obstructive azoospermia.

Clin Exp Reprod Med 2018 Dec 30;45(4):170-176. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Urology, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Objective: To assess whether the "testicular pool" could be used for histological analysis and whether it gave more accurate information than the standard testicular biopsy.

Methods: Between January 2017 and March 2018, this single-center prospective study included 60 azoospermic men undergoing conventional bilateral testicular sperm extraction. Six samples were excised from each testicle and transferred to an embryologist. Read More

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December 2018

Multiple color patches and parasites in : differential relationships by sex and infection.

Curr Zool 2018 Dec 22;64(6):703-711. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High St, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.

Parasites generally have a negative influence on the color expression of their hosts. Sexual selection theory predicts resistant high-quality individuals should show intense coloration, whereas susceptible low-quality individuals would show poor coloration. However, intensely colored males of different species of Old and New World lizards were more often infected by hemoparasites. Read More

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December 2018

Inflammatory Measures in Depressed Patients With and Without a History of Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Front Psychiatry 2018 27;9:610. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Berlin, Germany.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex psychiatric condition with different subtypes and etiologies. Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) is an important risk factor for the development of MDD later in life. Evidence suggests that pro-inflammatory processes may convey this risk as both MDD and ACE have been related to increased levels of inflammation. Read More

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November 2018
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The logistics of voucher management: the underreported component in family planning voucher discussions.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2018 22;11:683-690. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Department, Technical Services, Marie Stopes Society, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Background: The purpose of health care vouchers or coupons is to receive a health service in exchange which is fully or partially subsidized, such as any treatment offered for communicable disease; for immunization; antenatal care-/postnatal care-related maternal health services; a family planning (FP) service; or to get a health commodity like a medicine. Vouchers are targeted for a group of people who can benefit the most such as on the basis of poverty ranking, marginalized or living in rural areas. According to the World Health Organization, voucher schemes in the area of sexual and reproductive health are considered of high value if they are implemented to address the issues of contraceptive commodity or service unavailability or to address the barriers to access such services through contracting out health services, for example, through social franchising (SF). Read More

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November 2018

Slow growth and delayed maturation in a Critically Endangered insular flying fox ().

J Mammal 2018 Dec 21;99(6):1510-1521. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

The Hawkesbury institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Richmond, New South Wales, Australia.

Flying foxes (family Pteropodidae) have distinct life histories given their size, characterized by longevity, low reproductive output, and long gestation. However, they tend to decouple the age at which sexual maturity is reached from the age at which they reach adult dimensions. We examined growth, maturation, and reproduction in the Critically Endangered Christmas Island flying fox () to determine the timing of sex-specific life cycle events and patterns of growth. Read More

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December 2018

Transcription factor DUO1 generated by neo-functionalization is associated with evolution of sperm differentiation in plants.

Nat Commun 2018 12 11;9(1):5283. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Evolutionary mechanisms underlying innovation of cell types have remained largely unclear. In multicellular eukaryotes, the evolutionary molecular origin of sperm differentiation is unknown in most lineages. Here, we report that in algal ancestors of land plants, changes in the DNA-binding domain of the ancestor of the MYB transcription factor DUO1 enabled the recognition of a new cis-regulatory element. Read More

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December 2018
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Sexuality and intimacy in ALS: systematic literature review and future perspectives.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurology and Laboratory of Neuroscience, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

Several features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impact on sexuality and intimate relationship; however, the issue has received poor attention so far. We performed a systematic literature review in order to provide an up-to-date account of sexuality in ALS. References were identified by searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO (1970-2017, English literature). Read More

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December 2018

New roles of NO TRANSMITTING TRACT and SEEDSTICK during medial domain development in Arabidopsis fruits.

Development 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Unidad de Genómica Avanzada (LANGEBIO), Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), Irapuato 36824, Guanajuato, México

The gynoecium, the female reproductive part of the flower, is key for plant sexual reproduction. During its development, inner tissues such as the septum and the transmitting tract tissue, important for pollen germination and guidance, are formed. In Arabidopsis, several transcription factors are known to be involved in the development of these tissues. Read More

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December 2018

Characterizing HIV risk among cisgender men in Latin America who report transgender women as sexual partners: HIV risk in Latin America men.

Int J STD AIDS 2018 Dec 11:956462418802687. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Cisgender men (CM) who report transgender women (TW) as sexual partners are an understudied population in the HIV epidemic in Latin America. The current study sought to characterize this group in a 2012 cross-sectional online survey of Latin American CM who were members of a sexual networking website for men who have sex with men (N = 11,847). Multivariable logistic regression models were fit to estimate demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates of having a TW sexual partner and engaging in condomless sex. Read More

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December 2018

A Bad Romance: Sexting Motivations and Teen Dating Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 10:886260518817037. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

1 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Sexting has been commonly defined as the sharing of sexually suggestive content via new technologies. The relationship between sexting motivations and both online and offline aggressive behaviors (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

A Qualitative Exploration of LGBTQ+ and Intersecting Identities Within Physical Activity Contexts.

J Sport Exerc Psychol 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 McGill University.

LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc.) individuals face an array of challenges to physical activity participation, such as discrimination and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in physical activity. Read More

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December 2018

The Relationship Between Sexual Aggression Victimization and Perpetration and Other Types of IPV Among Iranian Married Individuals.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 12:886260518815714. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2 Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

This study examined the relationship between sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration and other types of IPV among married men and women in Tehran, Iran. Data were collected from 116 males and 121 females who reported perpetrating or experiencing IPV at least once in the past year. Four path analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between different types of violence and sexual aggression. Read More

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December 2018

Action research improves services for child sexual abuse in one Caribbean nation: An example of good practice.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:225-234. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Institute of Gender and Development Studies, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Background: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a multi-dimensional problem. The search for best practice must consider the complexities surrounding CSA and its management in any particular society.

Objective: Data previously gathered from service providers on CSA service provision in Trinidad and Tobago identified key deficient issues in policy and practice. Read More

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December 2018

Childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence victimization: A meta-analysis.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:212-224. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Institute of Psychology, Renmin University of China, No. 59 Zhongguancun Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100872, China. Electronic address:

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a serious public health problem in the world. It is imperative to examine risk factors for IPV victimization.

Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to explore the relationship between childhood maltreatment (CM) and IPV victimization and investigate the moderating effects of gender and marital status. Read More

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December 2018
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Abuse disclosures of youth with problem sexualized behaviors and trauma symptomology.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:201-211. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States; The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The majority of youth with problem sexualized behaviors (PSB) have substantiated experiences of abuse or exposures to violence (Silovsky & Niec, 2002). Little is known about specific abuse experiences that may differentiate youth with PSB from those without. Few studies have examined the types of abuse associated with post-traumatic stress symptomology. Read More

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December 2018
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cAMP/PKA Signaling Pathway Regulates Redox homeostasis essential for Sporisorium scitamineum Mating/Filamentation and Virulence.

Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Plant Pathology, Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Microbial Signals and Disease Control, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

The fungal pathogen Sporisorium scitamineum causes sugarcane smut disease. The formation and growth of dikaryotic hypha after sexual mating is critical for S. scitamineum pathogenicity, however regulation of S. Read More

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December 2018

Putative contributions of the sex chromosome proteins SOX3 and SRY to neurodevelopmental disorders.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

LIM23, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The male-biased prevalence of certain neurodevelopmental disorders and the sex-biased outcomes associated with stress exposure during gestation have been previously described. Here, we hypothesized that genes distinctively targeted by only one or both homologous proteins highly conserved across therian mammals, SOX3 and SRY, could induce sexual adaptive changes that result in a differential risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. ChIP-seq/chip data showed that SOX3/SRY gene targets were expressed in different brain cell types in mice. Read More

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December 2018
3.416 Impact Factor

Patterns of structural change in gonads of the divine dwarfgoby Eviota epiphanes as they sexually transition.

J Fish Biol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Hawai'i at Mānoa 2538 McCarthy Mall Edmondson Hall 216 Honolulu, Hawai'I, USA.

This study documents changes in gonadal structure for the serial hermaphrodite (or bidirectional sex changer) divine dwarfgoby Eviota epiphanes (family Gobiidae) as individuals transition in both directions. To evaluate transitional gonad morphology, individuals actively producing the same gamete type (oocytes or sperm) were set up into pairs and euthanised over a period of 14 days to get a time series of morphological changes during gonad transformation. Results from this study show that rapid changes in the gonad take place at a structural level as individuals change their reproductive function and gamete production. Read More

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December 2018

Simvastatin and the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 prevent myofibroblast transformation in Peyronie's disease-derived fibroblasts via inhibition of YAP/TAZ nuclear translocation.

BJU Int 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Laboratory of Experimental Urology, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU, Leuven, Belgium.

Objectives: To uncover the anti-myofibroblast (MFB) properties of Rho-kinase inhibitor (compound Y-27632) and simvastatin in an in vitro model of Peyronie's disease (PD). PD is a sexual debilitating disease caused by an irreversible fibrotic plaque in the penile tunica albuginea (TA). Treatment is limited to surgically restoring anatomical shape. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical and Genetic Analysis of an Infertile Male with 46,XX/46,XY Chimerism.

Andrologia 2018 Dec 10:e13215. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

iDream Research Center, Mizmedi Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

The sex chromosome-discordant chimerism 46,XX/46,XY is rarely found in humans with a phenotypically normal appearance, and this lack of phenotypic changes and the rarity of chimerism make it difficult to identify its exact incidence. Here, we report a case of this sex chromosome-discordant chimerism diagnosed by cytogenic and molecular analyses of peripheral blood in a phenotypically normal male who was referred to our facility for infertility. Based on the karyotype, fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) and short tandem repeat (STR) analyses, the type of this chimerism was determined to be tetragametic presenting four alleles at two loci on chromosomes 16 and 21. Read More

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December 2018

Nucleus accumbens dopamine increases sexual motivation in sexually satiated male rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Departamento de Farmacobiologia, Cinvestav Sede Sur, Calzada de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas Coapa, Ciudad de México, 14330, México.

Rationale: The influence of the main dopaminergic brain regions controlling copulation, the medial preoptic area (mPOA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), on male rat sexual behavior expression has not been fully established.

Objective: This work analyzes the sexual effects of dopamine (DA) receptor activation in the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually active male rats, with an intact (sexually experienced) or a reduced (sexually exhausted) sexual motivation.

Methods: The non-specific DA receptor agonist apomorphine and the D2-like receptor agonist quinpirole were infused into the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually experienced or sexually exhausted male rats and their sexual behavior recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Sacral neuromodulation and sexual function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, TS4 3BW, UK.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Sexual function is being increasingly recognized as an important patient-reported outcome. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a treatment with an expanding list of indications. The effect of sacral neuromodulation on sexual function has been examined in a number of studies with variable results. Read More

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December 2018

Identification, sexual dimorphism and aspects of the natural history of Sapria himalayana (Rafflesiaceae) on Vietnam's Lang Biang Plateau.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 10;59(1):29. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Singapore Botanic Gardens, National Parks Board, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore, 259569, Singapore.

Background: Sapria is a distinctive and narrowly host-specific holoparasitic genus belonging to the Rafflesiaceae. Sapria himalayana, rare throughout its range from NE India, SW China, Thailand to Vietnam, is a little-understood species first recorded for Vietnam in 1959, and only recollected there over half a century later in February 2017. This has facilitated an assessment of its taxonomic identity and our understanding of its morphology and natural history aspects. Read More

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December 2018

Major Motivators and Sociodemographic Features of Women Undergoing Labiaplasty.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bartin State Hospital, Bartin, Turkey.

Background: Influencing factors to decide for labiaplasty are evolving and show diversity among different settings and countries. Updated underlying motivators may assist in the clinical decision-making and assessing outcomes from the patients' perspective.

Objective: Herein, the main motivators of women undergoing labiaplasty and sociodemographic features are discussed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Grob Special Issue: Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis Meet at a Mental Hospital: An Early Institutional History.

Authors:
Naoko Wake

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Psychoanalysis and homosexuality in the United States were both largely in flux between 1910 and 1935. This article sheds light on this unique historical moment by first exploring scholarly discussions of the era's psychoanalysis and homosexuality, both of which emphasized the transitional nature of therapy and sexuality. By putting two bodies of scholarship into conversation, I also suggest how the historiography might move beyond two oft-cited arguments-that the psychoanalysis of the era had the power to form a person's sexual identity negatively, and that sexual minorities formed their identities affirmatively by staying away from medical interventions. Read More

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December 2018

[Anual Report Epidemiology of gonorrohea (CIE 10: A54)].

Authors:
Karen Cáceres

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 Aug;35(4):403-412

Departamento de Epidemiología, División de Planificación Sanitaria, Ministerio de Salud de Chile, Chile.

Gonorrhea is produced by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is capable of infecting different types of mucous membranes depending on sexual practices. It is located preferably in the man's urethra and in the woman's cervix, also in the rectum and pharynx. Its main form of transmission is through unprotected sex and, occasionally, through the birth canal in newborns. Read More

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[Syphilis epidemiological report. Chile, 2016].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(3):284-296

División de Planificación Sanitaria, Ministerio de Salud de Chile, Chile.

Syphilis is produced by Treponema pallidum, which is acquired mainly through sexual contact and transplacental, but can also be acquired by transfusion of contaminated human blood and direct accidental inoculation. The natural history of the infection is characterized by three symptomatic clinical stages: primary, secondary and tertiary syphilis; these last two are preceded by asymptomatic or latent stages of the disease: early latent syphilis and late latent syphilis. This report presents the epidemiological situation of syphilis in Chile up to 2016, using as a method the descriptive analysis of cases that entered surveillance. Read More

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January 2018

[Persons living with HIV/AIDS: ethnic and sociocultural differences in Chile].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(3):276-282

Fundación Arriarán, Hospital San Borja Arriarán, Temuco, Chile.

Background: The association between ethnicity and HIV/AIDS is an emerging and unexplored issue in Chile.

Aim: To determine the profile of patients with HIV/AIDS by ethnicity and socioeconomic factors associated with diagnostic-therapeutic opportunity in the Araucania and Metropolitan regions.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with 558 patients from two centers of HIV/AIDS in Chile. Read More

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January 2018
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[Teaching medical students about domestic violence and sexual abuse: teachers' perception of barriers and facilitators].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):927-932

Departamento Medicina Familiar, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Considering the frequency of sexual abuse and domestic violence (SA-DV) in the population, the likelihood of a medical student meeting patients with this problem is substantial. However, most students do not consider SA-DV in their differential diagnoses. Since 2014, this team has been working in strengthening undergraduate curriculum in SA-DV. Read More

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A Single-visit Approach Using Fillers and Incobotulinumtoxin A: Full Face Enhancement in Asian Patients.

Authors:
Yates Y Y Chao

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 2;6(10):e1909. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

CHAO Institute of Aesthetic Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

A 3-dimensional, multi-layered approach combining modalities targeting different manifestations is recommended for achieving optimal esthetic outcomes. To date, studies reporting same-day treatment with dermal fillers and botulinum toxin have not been published. This article documents the practical use of a single-visit, pan-facial multimodal approach in addressing the varying esthetic needs of 8 Asian adults. Read More

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October 2018

Multi-disciplinary and shared decision-making approach in the management of organ-confined prostate cancer.

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 6;16(4):367-377. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Urology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Decision-making in the management of organ-confined prostate cancer is complex as it is based on multi-factorial considerations. It is complicated by a multitude of issues, which are related to the patient, treatment, disease, availability of equipment(s), expertise, and physicians. Combination of all these factors play a major role in the decision-making process and provide for an interactive decision-making preferably in the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meeting. Read More

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December 2018
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