269,632 results match your criteria Sexual and relationship therapy : journal of the British Association for Sexual and Relationship Therapy[Journal]


Ontogeny of sexual size dimorphism revisited: Females grow for a longer time and also faster.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(4):e0215317. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Sex-specific mechanisms of the determination of insect body sizes are insufficiently understood. Here we use the common heath moth, Ematurga atomaria (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) to examine how larval growth trajectories differ between males and females. We monitored the development of 1379 larvae in controlled laboratory conditions. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215317PLOS

Group B streptococcus prevalence, serotype distribution and colonization dynamics in Western Australian pregnant women.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 The School of Medicine, Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Western Australia, Australia.

Purpose: Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B streptococcus (GBS), is a leading neonatal pathogen that causes sepsis, meningitis and pneumonia. Globally, strategies have been implemented to address vertical transmission, and in Western Australia (WA), culture-based screening at 35-37 weeks' gestation is part of routine care and guides antibiotic administration. Previous Australian studies have focused on other regions or included low sample-size representatives; we aimed to describe antenatal GBS colonization in WA. Read More

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https://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000980DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Inverse association between physical activity and blood glucose is independent of sex, menopause status, and first-degree family history of diabetes.

J Diabetes Investig 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Ouhai District, Wenzhou, 325000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Aims: Exercise training is a recognized strategy central to the prevention, treatment and management of diabetes and prediabetes. The present study was to investigate the association between physical activity and blood glucose, as well as the influence of sex, menopause status, and family history of diabetes.

Materials And Methods: Participants with normal weight were selected from REACTION study, and divided into inactive (moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity [MVPA] < 30 min/week), low-degree (MVPA ≥ 30 and ≤ 420 min/week), and high-degree (MVPA > 420 min/week) active groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13062DOI Listing

Treatment-Related Sexual Side Effects From the Perspective of Partners of Men With Prostate Cancer.

J Sex Marital Ther 2019 Apr 23:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Department of Urology , Leiden University Medical Center , Leiden , The Netherlands.

A cross-sectional survey was performed among partners and men who received treatment for prostate cancer to investigate whether demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with the extent of how difficult partners found it dealing with sexual side effects and the degree of having experienced sexual problems after treatment. Moreover, an aim was to determine whether sexual side effects have an impact on the relationship. A total of 171 partners were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2018.1549636DOI Listing

Effects of Individual Difference Variables, Gender, and Exclusivity of Sexual Attraction on Volunteer Bias in Sexuality Research.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.

Sexuality research is often regarded as more intrusive than other types of research, contributing to sample self-selection biases. Researchers have consistently found that volunteers and non-volunteers for sexuality studies differ on a number of sexuality-related variables. Despite a large number of studies examining volunteer biases, relatively few have examined the effects of gender and exclusivity of sexual attraction on willingness to volunteer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1451-4DOI Listing

Sexual and Relationship Interest, Knowledge, and Experiences Among Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Special Education, College of Education, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Little research exists to describe sexual and romantic relationships among adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from their perspectives. Sexuality and intimacy are developmentally important and influence health and quality of life for all adolescents and young adults, including those with ASD. This study explored and compared the sex and relationship experiences of 27 adolescents and young adults with ASD (males = 20). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1445-2DOI Listing

Understanding Women's Responses to Sexual Pain After Female Genital Cutting: An Integrative Psychological Pain Response Model.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA.

The World Health Organization estimates that over 200 million women and girls have experienced female genital cutting (FGC). Many women and girls who have undergone FGC have migrated to areas of the world where providers are unfamiliar with the health needs associated with FGC. Both providers in Western healthcare systems and female immigrant and refugee patients report communication difficulties leading to distrust of providers by women who have experienced FGC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1422-9DOI Listing

Inequalities in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health and health care access and utilization in Wisconsin.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 1;14:100864. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, Madison, WI, USA.

There are known health disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and non-LGBT people, but only in the past couple of decades have population-based health surveys in the United States included questions on sexual and gender identity. We aimed to better understand LGBT disparities in health, health care access and utilization, and quality of care. Data are from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW) from 2014 to 2016 ( = 1957). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100864DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465572PMC

Evidence for Multiple Classes of Sexually-Violent College Men.

Psychol Violence 2019 Jan 5;9(1):48-55. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Georgia State University.

Objective: Research on college sexual violence perpetration suggests there are multiple groups of male perpetrators. It is important to understand the distinctions between perpetrator subgroups to determine appropriate prevention strategies, as multiple strategies may be necessary to address multiple types of perpetrators. However, previous studies on subgroups of sexually-violent college men have relied on theoretically based distinctions, and there is currently no consensus on how to best classify perpetrators based on their sexually violent behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/vio0000179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6474339PMC
January 2019

Tadalafil vs. tamsulosin in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective, randomized study.

Cent European J Urol 2019 14;72(1):44-50. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Introduction: To compare the efiicacy of tadalafil 5 mg with tamsulosin 0.4 mg in the treatment of Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Material And Methods: A randomized prospective study on patients diagnosed with LUTS secondary to BPH with 50 patients in each group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5173/ceju.2019.1570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469005PMC

In vitro propagation method for production of morphologically and genetically stable plants of different strawberry cultivars.

Plant Methods 2019 13;15:36. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

1Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 4165122 South Korea.

Background: As strawberries are susceptible to somaclonal variation when propagated by tissue culture techniques, it is challenging to obtain the true-to-type plants necessary for continuous production of fruits of stable quality. Therefore, we aimed to develop an in vitro propagation method for the production of true-to-type plants of five different strawberry cultivars from meristems cultured in media containing different concentrations of kinetin (Kn).

Results: For all the cultivars, shoot induction was successful only in the meristems cultured in the medium without Kn and the medium containing 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13007-019-0421-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461810PMC

Awareness and knowledge of hepatitis C among health care providers and the public: A scoping review.

Authors:
S Ha K Timmerman

Can Commun Dis Rep 2018 Jul 5;44(7-8):157-165. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Background: The Global Viral Hepatitis Strategy aims to eliminate hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be difficult to detect as infection can remain asymptomatic for decades. Individuals are often neither offered nor seek testing until symptoms develop. Read More

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Sexual network characteristics of men who have sex with men with syphilis and/or gonorrhoea/chlamydia in Lima, Peru: network patterns as roadmaps for STI prevention interventions.

Sex Transm Infect 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Objective: While men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by Peru's overlapping HIV and STI epidemics, there are few data on how partnership-level and network-level factors affect STI transmission in Peru. We explored partnership-level and network-level factors associated with gonorrhoea/chlamydia ( and/or (NG/CT)) and/or syphilis infection among MSM in Peru.

Methods: We present the results of a cross-sectional secondary analysis of MSM (n=898) tested for syphilis and NG/CT infection as part of the screening process for two STI control trials in Lima, Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053865DOI Listing

Preparing for PrEP: estimating the size of the population eligible for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in England.

Sex Transm Infect 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Blood Safety, Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and HIV Service, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, UK.

Objectives: The size of the population of men who have sex with men (MSM) who may be eligible for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (HIV-PrEP) in England remains unknown. To plan for a national PrEP implementation trial, we estimated the number of MSM attending sexual health clinics (SHCs) that may be eligible for HIV-PrEP in England.

Methods: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) surveillance data from 2010 to 2015 from the GUMCAD surveillance system were used to estimate the annual number of HIV-negative MSM who may be eligible for HIV-PrEP in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2019-054009DOI Listing

Dietary Modification Is Associated with Normalization of Penile Hemodynamics in Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet.

J Sex Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Diet is associated with self-reported indices of sexual health. The mechanisms responsible for these changes remain poorly understood.

Aim: To investigate the hemodynamic and histological impact of dietary change in a rat model of hyperlipidemia-associated erectile dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.03.013DOI Listing

"If Everyone Else Is Having This Talk With Their Doctor, Why Am I Not Having This Talk With Mine?": The Experiences of Sexuality and Sexual Health Education of Young Women With Spina Bifida.

J Sex Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

University of Michigan, Department of Urology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; University of Michigan, Department of Urology, Dow Division of Health Services Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Introduction: Women with spina bifida are sexually active, but most never discuss this topic with providers.

Aim: To determine what women with spina bifida understand about their sexual health, how they learned about it, what questions they have, and their experiences with their sexuality.

Methods: For this qualitative study, women with spina bifida ages 16 and older without marked developmental delay were individually interviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Prevalence and Psychopathological Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction and Related Distress in Women With and Without Multiple Sclerosis.

J Sex Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Gynecology and Physiopathology of Human Reproduction, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is common but still underdiagnosed in women with multiple sclerosis (MS); in fact, the lack of a consistent use of validated diagnostic tools makes the prevalence of SD and related distress difficult to define precisely.

Aim: To assess the prevalence of SD in Italian women with MS compared with age-matched healthy control subjects (HC) and the association with demographic, psychological, and MS-related characteristics.

Methods: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale were administered to 153 women with MS and 153 HC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Sexual Dysfunction and Satisfaction in Kidney Transplant Patients.

J Sex Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz, ISPA- Instituto Universitário; ISPA - Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: 10% of the world's population suffers from chronic kidney disease. Kidney transplants provide an improvement in the quality of life of those patients. Sexual dysfunction is common after kidney transplantation, and its etiology is presumed to be multifactorial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.03.266DOI Listing

Positive Youth Development Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Conceptual Framework and Systematic Review of Efficacy.

J Adolesc Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Gender Equality Solutions, LLC, Washington, DC.

Purpose: Positive youth development (PYD) has served as a framework for youth programs in high-income countries since the 1990s and has demonstrated broad behavioral health and developmental benefits. PYD programs build skills, assets, and competencies; foster youth agency; build healthy relationships; strengthen the environment; and transform systems to prepare youth for successful adulthood. The goal of this article was to systematically review the impact of PYD programs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.01.024DOI Listing

The relationship between childhood maltreatment and psychopathology in adults undergoing bariatric surgery.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Feb 15;15(2):295-303. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Sanford Neuroscience Clinic, Fargo, North Dakota; University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota. Electronic address:

Background: A history of childhood maltreatment and psychopathology are common in adults with obesity.

Objectives: To report childhood maltreatment and to evaluate associations between severity and type of childhood maltreatment and lifetime history of psychopathology among adults with severe obesity awaiting bariatric surgery.

Setting: Four clinical centers of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Research Consortium. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15507289183046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Hematology and Clinical Chemistry Reference Intervals for Inbred Strain 13/N Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus).

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Inbred strain 13/N guinea pigs are frequently used as animal models in studies of emerging and high-pathogenicity viruses.To date, clinical reference intervals have not been established for hematology and clinical chemistry parameters in this strain.We obtained whole-blood samples from the cranial vena cava of healthy strain 13/N colony animals for inhouse CBC and clinical chemistry analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.30802/AALAS-JAALAS-18-000118DOI Listing

Compartmentalization of self-representations in female survivors of sexual abuse and assault, with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Psychol Med 2019 Apr 23:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit,University of Cambridge,15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF,UK.

Background: This study examined the structure of the self-concept in a sample of sexual trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to healthy controls using a self-descriptive card-sorting task. We explored whether individuals with PTSD possess a highly affectively-compartmentalized self-structure, whereby positive and negative self-attributes are sectioned off into separate components of self-concept (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000837DOI Listing

Clinical implications of directly switching antidepressants in well-treated depressed patients with treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction: a comparison between vortioxetine and escitalopram.

CNS Spectr 2019 Apr 23:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Psychiatry & Neurobehavioral Sciences,University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia,USA.

Objective: The objective of this work was to describe treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction (TESD) and tolerability following a switch from selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI: citalopram, paroxetine, or sertraline) monotherapy to vortioxetine or escitalopram monotherapy in adults with well-treated major depressive disorder (MDD) and SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction.

Methods: Data were analyzed from the primary study, an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, head-to-head study in which participants with well-treated depressive symptoms but experiencing TESD with SSRIs were directly switched to flexible doses (10/20 mg) of vortioxetine or escitalopram. Sexual functioning was assessed by the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire-14 (CSFQ-14), efficacy by the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores (MADRS) and Clinicians Global Impression of Severity/Improvement (CGI-S/CGI-I), and tolerability by adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852919000750DOI Listing

A chemical screen identifies two novel small compounds that alter Arabidopsis thaliana pollen tube growth.

BMC Plant Biol 2019 Apr 22;19(1):152. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Normandie Université, UNIROUEN, Laboratoire Glycobiologie et Matrice Extracellulaire Végétale EA4358, Fédération de Recherche "NORVEGE"- FED 4277, 76000, Rouen, France.

Background: During sexual reproduction, pollen grains land on the stigma, rehydrate and produce pollen tubes that grow through the female transmitting-tract tissue allowing the delivery of the two sperm cells to the ovule and the production of healthy seeds. Because pollen tubes are single cells that expand by tip-polarized growth, they represent a good model to study the growth dynamics, cell wall deposition and intracellular machineries. Aiming to understand this complex machinery, we used a low throughput chemical screen approach in order to isolate new tip-growth disruptors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1743-9DOI Listing

Elderly Sexual Abuse: An Examination of the Criminal Event.

Sex Abuse 2019 Apr 23:1079063219843899. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

The current study investigates the modus operandi specificities for the sexual abuse against the elderly. A comparison between sex crimes against adult and elderly victims is conducted following the criminal event approach. The comparison is based on the precrime, crime, and postcrime phases of the modus operandi, operationalized through 53 variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219843899DOI Listing

Cross-Validation of the Revised Version of the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG-R) in a Sample of Individuals Convicted of Sexual Offenses.

Sex Abuse 2019 Apr 22:1079063219841901. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 Centre for Criminology, Wiesbaden, Germany.

The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the German version of the revised Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG), the VRAG-R. Therefore, VRAG-R ratings were made retrospectively in an Austrian sample of 534 individuals convicted of a sexual offense who were followed up with an average of 7.62 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219841901DOI Listing

A syndemic of psychosocial and mental health problems in Liberia: Examining the link to transactional sex among young pregnant women.

Glob Public Health 2019 Apr 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

c Department of Health Promotion and Behavior , University of Georgia , Athens , GA , USA.

Transactional sex may be a driver of the rising HIV epidemic in Liberia, especially among young women. The goal of this study was to explore the independent and additive effects of psychosocial conditions on engagement in transactional sex among 191 pregnant women in Monrovia, Liberia. Between March and August 2016, women receiving prenatal services completed a cross-sectional structured questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1607523DOI Listing

The Absence of Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs) in the Treatment of Sexual Abusers: Recommendations for Moving Toward the Use of a True EBP Model.

Sex Abuse 2019 Apr 22:1079063219843897. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

2 Liberty Healthcare Corporation, Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA.

Despite a continued evolution of the field of sexual abuser treatment toward a distinct professional discipline with clinicians using an increasing variety of treatment approaches, there is no consensus regarding the strength of our various clinical interventions as evidence-based practices (EBPs). This article provides a brief history of the development and goals of EBPs in medicine and mental health, and a review of the earnest efforts of researchers within the field to establish treatment approaches with sexual abusers as evidence-based. An appraisal of the current status of EBP's with sexual abusers is provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219843897DOI Listing

The Role of Consent in the Context of BDSM.

Sex Abuse 2019 Apr 22:1079063219842847. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Consent represents a central focus in the controversial realm of BDSM-an overlapping acronym referring to the practices of Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadism and Masochism. Many authors have argued that the hallmark feature that distinguishes BDSM activity from abuse and psychopathology is the presence of mutual informed consent of all those involved. This review examines the relevant literature on consent in BDSM, including discussions on safety precautions, consent violations, North American laws pertaining to BDSM practice, and the role of the BDSM community with respect to education and etiquette surrounding consent. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1079063219842847
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219842847DOI Listing

Penile fracture and investigation of early surgical repair effects on erectile dysfunction.

Urologia 2019 Apr 22:391560319844657. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Objectives: Penile fracture is one of the urological emergencies caused by direct trauma to an erect penis during sexual intercourse, which results in a tear in the tunica albuginea within the corpus cavernosum. Serious complications such as penile curvature and erectile dysfunction may develop due to inappropriate and/or late surgical repair. This study aims to evaluate patients with penile fracture and to describe their demographics, surgical repairs, and long-term outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0391560319844657DOI Listing

Contraceptive choices of adolescents before and after the voluntary termination of pregnancy.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2019 Apr 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Zekai Tahir Burak Woman's Health Education and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.

In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the contraceptive choices before and after voluntary termination of pregnancy among adolescents. Seventy pregnant adolescents aged 17-19 and undergone voluntary pregnancy termination were included. Counseling about contraceptives was given before the procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2019.1579176DOI Listing

Adlay ( L. var. Stapf.) Hull Extract and Active Compounds Inhibit Proliferation of Primary Human Leiomyoma Cells and Protect against Sexual Hormone-Induced Mice Smooth Muscle Hyperproliferation.

Molecules 2019 Apr 19;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids, are benign neoplasms of the uterus and have a high incidence rate in women of reproductive age. Hysterectomy or myomectomy is the initial treatment, but fibroids will recur if the patient is still exposed to similar risk factors. Therefore, developing new therapeutic strategies are urgently necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081556DOI Listing

Serologic Tools and Strategies to Support Intervention Trials to Combat Zika Virus Infection and Disease.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2019 Apr 19;4(2). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Hope Clinic of the Emory Vaccine Center, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Emory University, Decatur, GA 30030, USA.

Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that recently caused a large epidemic in Latin America characterized by novel disease phenotypes, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, sexual transmission, and congenital anomalies, such as microcephaly. This epidemic, which was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization, has highlighted shortcomings in our current understanding of, and preparation for, emerging infectious diseases in general, as well as challenges that are specific to Zika virus infection. Vaccine development for Zika virus has been a high priority of the public health response, and several candidates have shown promise in pre-clinical and early phase clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4020068DOI Listing

Life satisfaction in persons with severe stroke - A longitudinal report from the Sunnaas International Network (SIN) stroke study.

Eur Stroke J 2017 Jun 24;2(2):154-162. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.

Introduction: The overall aim of the present study was to explore perceived life satisfaction in persons with stroke, from admission to specialised rehabilitation until follow up 1 year post-discharge. The secondary aim was to evaluate possible external and internal explanatory factors for perceived life satisfaction.

Patients And Methods: A prospective, descriptive study of specialised rehabilitation of persons with stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987317695140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453213PMC

Gender and hormonal influences in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome.

Eur Stroke J 2016 Sep 28;1(3):199-204. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, USA.

Introduction: The reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes, including postpartum angiopathy, have been characterized over the last decade. Women are predominantly affected. Some studies suggest that postpartum angiopathy carries a worse prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987316656981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301236PMC
September 2016

An Active Learning Module Teaching Advanced Communication Skills to Care for Sexual Minority Youth in Clinical Medical Education.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Sep 1;12:10449. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Introduction: Expert recommendations state that all physicians caring for youth should be trained in providing competent and nonjudgmental care for sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth. Despite those recommendations, there is insufficient training to prepare clinicians to provide culturally competent care for SGM youth. We created a 2-hour session to address communication skills critical to caring for SGM youth. Read More

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https://www.mededportal.org/publication/10449
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464565PMC
September 2016
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Teaching Medical Students How to Ask Patients Questions About Identity, Intersectionality, and Resilience.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Jun 24;12:10422. Epub 2016 Jun 24.

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School.

Introduction: Medical education addressing people with sexual and gender minority (SGM) identities often focuses on sexual risk, is delivered in silos, and overlooks intersecting identities. SGM individuals-particularly those with coexisting stigmatized identities-experience a disproportionate burden of discrimination, which increases vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, especially when maladaptive coping behaviors are used to manage stress. Adaptive coping and resilience can develop in the context of identity affirmation and social support, for which sensitive clinician-patient interactions provide a crucial foundation. Read More

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https://www.mededportal.org/publication/10422
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464431PMC
June 2016
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Sex, Bugs, and Rock 'n' Roll: A Service-Learning Innovation to Enhance Medical Student Knowledge and Comfort With Sexual Health.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Jun 24;12:10421. Epub 2016 Jun 24.

Team Facilitator, Business Development Unit, Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Introduction: Sexual health is an intrinsic element of overall health; however, opportunities to enhance medical student comfort and knowledge about sexual health vary substantially and receive limited curricular time. Sex, Bugs, and Rock 'n' Roll is a novel service-learning initiative designed to enhance undergraduate medical student knowledge and comfort with sexual health. A total of 80 fifth-year undergraduate medical students researched, designed, and delivered a short sexual health promotion initiative for a population that experiences inequity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464422PMC

Physician-Patient Boundaries: Professionalism Training Using Video Vignettes.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Jun 10;12:10412. Epub 2016 Jun 10.

Clinical Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Vermont College of Medicine.

Introduction: The concept of professional boundaries is often not included in medical training. Historically, the field of psychiatry has given much consideration to the topic of boundaries, partially due to the high incidence of sexual boundary violations in psychotherapy practice. And while there is a perception that more formal education is needed in psychiatry, the pressure to adjust the frame of a treatment in clinical practice is ubiquitous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464555PMC

Delivering LGBT-sensitive substance use treatment to sexual minority women.

J Gay Lesbian Soc Serv 2018 18;30(4):393-408. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Alcohol Research Group at the Public Health Institute, Emeryville, CA.

Epidemiologic studies have consistently found elevated rates of alcohol and other substance use among sexual minority women (SMW), and despite calls for "LGBT-specific" services and culturally-tailored interventions, few such services exist. This study involved qualitative interviews with directors from substance use treatment programs (N=10) about how they addressed the needs of SMW. Strategies implemented primarily focused on creating a safe and welcoming environment for sexual minority clients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538720.2018.1512435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469851PMC
January 2019

Autoerotic asphyxia using a plastic bag loosely covering the head over a gas mask.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 Apr 15;38:69-72. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan. Electronic address:

Autoerotic death is defined as the accidental death of an individual while masturbating, caused by a device or material used to enhance the sexual response. Here we report an autopsy case of autoerotic death and review the literature. A healthy, single, 33-year-old Japanese male was found dead in his room in a prone position. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13446223193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Urinary and Sexual Outcomes following Bulbar Urethroplasty - An Analysis of Two Common Approaches.

Urology 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Clinical Professor of Urology, University of California - Irvine, Department of Urology, 333 City Blvd West, Suite 1240, Orange, CA 92868. Electronic address:

Objective: To report success and patient reported urinary and sexual outcomes of patients who underwent anastomotic urethroplasty and dorsal buccal onlay urethroplasty.

Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent primary transecting anastomotic or dorsal buccal onlay urethroplasty for bulbar strictures at our institution between 1998 and 2015 were analyzed. Patients who had a prior urethroplasty, involvement of a different portion of the urethra, or a diagnosis of LS or hypospadias were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.02.042DOI Listing

Sexual cues influence cocaine-induced locomotion, anxiety and the immunoreactivity of estrogen receptor alpha and tyrosine hydroxylase in both sexes.

J Neuroendocrinol 2019 Apr 22:e12720. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

College of Biological Sciences and Engineering, North Minzu University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, 750021, China.

Dyadic physical social interaction influences cocaine-seeking behavior, but whether limited sexual cues (LSCs) from an opposite-sex partner influence behavioral responses to cocaine is unclear. We investigated this issue using a cylindrical wire cage containing a stimulus mouse (of the opposite sex); the subject mouse had access to this stimulus mouse during a "binge" injection pattern (injected with cocaine or saline vehicle twice a day, at 6-h intervals). Following the second injection, locomotion and anxiety-like behaviors were examined using the open-field and elevated plus-maze test, while estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity were also examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jne.12720DOI Listing

Serological Markers for Syphilis Among Persons Presenting with Syndromes Associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections Results from the Zimbabwe STI Etiology Study.

Sex Transm Dis 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Syphilis prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa appears to be stable or declining but is still the highest globally. Ongoing sentinel surveillance in high-risk populations is necessary to inform management and detect changes in syphilis trends. We assessed serological syphilis markers among persons with sexually transmitted infections in Zimbabwe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001006DOI Listing

Men who have sex with men with Mycoplasma genitalium-positive nongonococcal urethritis are more likely to have macrolide resistant strains than men with only female partners: a prospective study.

Sex Transm Dis 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Laboratory Services, ICPMR - NSW Health Pathology, Westmead, Australia Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Laboratory Services, ICPMR - NSW Health Pathology, Westmead, Australia Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Laboratory Services, ICPMR - NSW Health Pathology, Westmead, Australia Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia; Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Australia.

Background: Mycoplasma genitalium was previously less common among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared with men with only female partners (MSW) in men with nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) in Sydney, Australia. We aimed to determine the prevalence of M. genitalium and of macrolide-resistant M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001009DOI Listing
April 2019
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Protective behavioral strategies and alcohol-related regretted sex among college students.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida.

Regretted sexual experiences are reported at higher rates among sexually active female college students than by their male counterparts. Moreover, alcohol is involved in approximately one third of regretted sex experienced by college students. Previous research has shown that students who implement protective behavioral strategies (PBS) while drinking are able to reduce alcohol-related negative consequences, including regretted sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pha0000291DOI Listing